Skip to main content

Full text of "Gospel Messenger, The (1935)"

See other formats

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 

Vol. 84 

osPEL Messenger 

Elgin, 111., January 5, 1935 

No. 1 




"Why I Am Loyal to My Church" (H. A. B.) 3 

The New Thing Needed (E. F. ) 3 

More of the Same (E. F.) 3 

The Christian Message and Task for Today 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

The Quiet Hour (G. B. R.) 17 


Where Are You Going (Verse) ? By Vera I. Emmert 5 

Some Florida Incidents. — No. 1 . By J. H. Moore 5 

If I Were a Minister. By Rebecca Foutz 6 

What Is the Missionary Spirit? By J. M. Blough 8 

What Causes War?— No. 2. By Kermit Eby 9 

"Our Movie School of Morals." By William H. Short 10 

I Am Your Neighbor's Child. By P. R. Hayward 10 

Sharing Observations With the Home Church. — No. 1 0. By C. D. Bonsack II 


Student Volunteer Interests 13 

The Curtain Rises. By Emma Horning 13 

What to Pray For ^ 14 

News From the Field. By Hazel Messer and Anna Warstler 14 


Reminder (Verse). Translated by Ora W. Garber 18 

Little Ships. By Rosa M. Bennett 18 

Some Remedies. By Ezra Flory 18 

Let Us Think. By Leo Lillian Wise 19 


Making Christians Christian; Peace: A Pecuhar Dunker Doctrine? Should a Sunday- 
school Teacher Sign a Contract? Christian Use of Money; A Study Book on 
"Home" Life; A Book Review; Battle Creek Men's Work; Man's Evil in God's 
World; Intermediates in the Church of the Brethren; Vacation Church Schools, 
Summer of 1935 20-23 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5. 1935 


R. E. MOHLER, Executive Secretary^ 
writes this .... 


" No man can feel himself a vital part of any organization unless he 
keeps abreast of what the organization is doing, and the best way 1 know to 
do this is to read the official publication of that organization. 

" The Brethren Publishing House has made us the proposition of re- 
ducing the subscription price from $2.00 per year to $1.25 per year if the 
Messenger is placed in 75'* of the homes of a local church. ... I do 
not know of a more worth-while project that you can undertake in your dis- 
trict. . . . 

" The finest challenge to church service that 1 see before us as a group 
of men today is to assist our Messenger agents in putting across this sub- 
scription campaign. 

" Why not take up this proposition with active laymen of your district? 
I am sure pastors and Messenger agents of each church will be glad to co- 
operate with the men in this move." 


Please send me details of your special club rate offer on The Gospel Messenger. I am inter- 
ested in your economical plan for getting our church paper read in at least 75 "^ of the resident 
Brethren families of our congregation. 


Sired or Route 












-Assistant Ed 





111., January 

5, 1935 




" Why I Am Loyal to My Church " 

Have you ever stopped to consider the basis of your 
loyalty to the church of your choice ? So many things 
in the average busy life are just taken for granted, that 
one may easily find it stimulating to see what underlies 
his regard in this case. 

Perhaps it will help if we begin with what one col- 
lege girl set down when she wrote a paper on : " Why 
I Am Loyal to My Church." She listed three main 

( 1 ) She had recently attended a service in which she 
saw people like herself enthusiastic in the support of 
their local church. So she wrote : " Any organization 
which loyally performs its duties and accomplishes its 
objectives as that little church has done deserves the 
support of every member." 

(2) Then as this college girl thought over the crises 
of her own life, she discovered that her church had 
been the source of insight and courage. So she felt con- 
strained to say of her church : " It has afiforded me a 
never-failing wisdom and guidance in making impor- 
tant decisions." 

(3) Considering further, this thoughtful student ob- 
served that her experience was not unique. Case after 
case came to mind of how church influences the world 
around do change the lives of people. In particular, she 
remembered how two men. one a thief and the other a 
selfish and wilful husband, had been completely changed 
and restored to their families. 

Here is her final record of intention : " I intend to 
remain loyal to my church because it has been loyal 
to those who have entered its portals and sought its 
guidance. The church rebuilds men whom life has 
cruelly broken. It restores self-respect, hope, ambition 
and a desire to live. It straightens tired shoulders and 
lifts heads bent in sorrow. I feel that the church merits 
any return I can give her in either service or substance." 

H. A. B. 

The New Thing Needed 

Few things make me so tired as this constant ringing 
of the changes on the need of a new message, a new 
program, a new code of conduct. For instance this : 
" The present hour demands from the church a new 
morality which will cause it, not alone to share the suf- 
ferings of the people, but to make common cause with 
them in their struggles." 

The statement of so noble an objective as this would 
not excite my wrath but for the pretense that it is new. 
The idea is not a twentieth century discovery. This 
writer seems not to know that one Jesus of Nazareth 
championed it nearly two thousand years ago. Loving 
your neighbor as yourself is making common cause 
with them. He did it, and at the forfeit of his life. A 
few of his followers have done likewise. 

The new thing needed is not another moral code but 
the character and courage to practice the one we've had 
this long time. The real trouble is the want of faith 
and love. e. f. 

More of the Same 

Sorry, gentle reader, if you've been hoping against 
hope that the new year would witness the sounding of a 
new note in the editorial columns of this paper. The 
prospect isn't bright. So far as we can see now, it 
looks like the same old story. If we can chance upon a 
fresh illustration now and then, a fresh example of the 
gospel's saving power, a fresh charge of verbal dyna- 
mite for blasting away the prejudice, the selfishness, the 
indifference which obstructs clear vision of world need, 
of course we shall be glad to let you have it. But if you 
are looking for a change in the substance of what was 
said here last year and the year before, it isn't on the 
program. It isn't on the agenda of Gospel Messenger 

The trouble is, this paper is The Gospel Messenger 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, General Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter, 
at special rate of postage provided for in section U03, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 20, 1918. 

at $2.00 per annum, in 
Acceptance for mailing 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5. 1935 

and the gospel doesn't cliange. It takes the sanu- two 
halves to make the whole gospel that it took when Jesus 
analyzed it. It is the same power of God vnito salvation 
that it was when Paul was not ashamed of it. Inn- with 
all the change in alignment and appearance, the essential 
need of mankind is the same as always, companionship 
with God. That means forgiveness, healing, comfort. 
guidance, power. The great idea was God's own. The 
bearer of it to mankind was Jesus Christ, his Son. It 
met these basic needs of man when first proclaimed. It 
does that now. 

Is there, indeed, some new. more winsome word that 
would make its claims more irresistible? Tell us what 
it is, please. \\'e want to lind that word and say it. 
Perhaps a more compelling sense of the gospel's urgen- 
cy, a keener realization of its absolute aloneness and of 
the desperate hopelessness of man without it, would 
help us to find that word. What preacher, whether with 
tongue or pen. does not know the feeling of futility that 
sometimes overwhelms him? Why keep on? Because 
he must. Because of the love which will not let him go 
nor let go of him. Because of the burning fire shut up 
in his bones so fiercely hot he can not contain. Because 
woe is on him if he preach not the gospel. 

Man's supreme need is God. In Christ man can find 
God. How can any one who knows that keep from 
telling it? And how can he have anything else to tell? 
Whether they will hear or whether they will forbear, he 
must speak the only word he knows. 

A messenger is the bearer of a message. A gospel 
messenger is the bearer of the gospel message. That's 
simply the good news of God in Christ. What else then 
can this paper do but bear that message continuously, 
everlastingly, unchangeably? There are indeed an al- 
most infinite variety of human relationships which this 
gospel has scarcely touched. And there are depths of 
devotion in personal commitment to it which few if 
any have ever sounded. Here then is the chance to sat- 
isfy your craving for a change, for something new. 
Why not you be the one to realize D. L. Moody's dream 
of that wondrous thing the world has not yet seen — 
what God can accomplish through a man, or woman, 
wholly consecrated to him. 

Perhaps in that event the old church paper, even these 
year after year monotonous editorials, would take on 
new color. At least the paper woukl brighten up i)er- 
ceptibly when the achievements of God's grace through 
such devoted ones had been reported in it. 

Meanwhile, more of the same. e. f. 

The Christian Message and Task for Today 

1. The Difficulties of This Age 

Is the midst of the world's confusion, its .shaken sys- 
tems and conflicting counsels, the Federal Council of 
Churches of Christ in America is moved to send this 

word of faith and steadfast purpose to the pastors and 
people of the churches. 

We recognize the difficulty of this age. its perplexity, 
futility and wrongness in many areas of life. W^e are 
faced, for example, with the constant threat of war. 
We know that war means brutality, tragic waste of 
lives and the chaos resulting from loss of ideals and 
standards in every department of human life. We 
know that war solves no problems but leaves only added 
embitterment between nations and more baffling prob- 
lems for future ages to solve. True, the peace of ex- 
haustion still endures but it seems only an armistice. 
The nations are rearming feverishly and people talk al- 
most complacently about " the next war." 

All about us in the social order we look out upon evils 
(if ])olitical corruption in civic afifairs, upon tmemploy- 
nient. strikes and unrest in industry, upon class hatred 
and suspicion, upon seeming conflict of interest between 
agriculture and industry, and upon racial discrimination 
with its resulting bitterness. Our age seems proverbial 
for lawlessness and crime, and the evils of lynching 
flame into new brutality. Business integrity has been 
found lacking in high places and gangsters terrorize our 

This wrongness of our age finds expression on the 
personal level in the relapse into alcoholism and in the 
rising tide of gambling by lotteries, sweepstakes and 
other seductive forms which reveal at once the unrest 
and recklessness in many lives. The moral degrada- 
tion of the hour has found expression in the vulgar 
character of too large a proportion of om^ moving pic- 
ture shows, at least until partially reformed by the re- 
cent wave of indignation. In the background, but even 
more sinister, lurk the pessimistic or cynical complacen- 
cy and indifiference with which too many men — authors, 
editors, captains of industry and leaders of thought in 
our national life — seem to view vast and corroding 
wrongs. Surely the world appears to be adrift upon a 
sea of confusion and futility, with no sure chart or com- 
pass and the pirates seeking to take command ! 

This is a dark picture. But over against it we would 
emphasize the tremendous summons to awakened pur- 
pose and heroic action which such an age presents to 
men and women of Christian faith and character. The 
very menace of the present order of things may well be 
God's judgment upon us for our spiritual blindness, 
uKjral cowardice and personal and social sins. But 
God's judgments are meant to be a stimulus to repent- 
ance, npt despair ; and may also call us to a fresh and 
searching appraisal of ourselves and of our task. A 
crisis like the present means a breaking up of old habits, 
gives a chance for imjjrovemcnt and, had we the grace 
to receive it, might lead to a new birth of religion and a 
new plateau of spiritual attainment for mankind. — 
Dayton Meeting of the Federal Council. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 


Where Are You Going? 


Where are you going today, O youth? 
I'm going to seek the highest truth, 
I'm going to scale the mountainside, 
I'm going to plunge in the deepest tide, 
I'm gomg to weather the roughest gale, 
I'm gomg to brave a dangerous sail, 
I'm going to keep my eyes on the guide, 
I'm going to pray that he stand by my side. 

Where are you going today, O youth? 
I'm going to seek the highest truth. 

Freeport, III. 

Some Florida Incidents 


In Two Parts — Part One 
In the closing part of my last articles, Some Brethren 
History in- Florida 1 mentioned a number of points and 
incidents that naturally belonged to my story, and fur- 
ther suggested that I might possibly say something 
about them in a future article. The first one in the list 
was — 

The First Baptism, a Fruitful Vine 

On the first day of May, 1919, there came to Sebring 
a man who had spent the previous winter months at 
Zephyrhills, within the bounds of what was then the 
Zion church. The purpose of his coming was to be 
baptized. He had written me a few times regarding 
the matter, so I invited him to come to Sebring where 
I would be glad to administer the rite. I had quite a 
little talk with him regarding the step he was taking, 
and as to how he came to know about the Brethren. His 
home was in the north, in Minnesota, and sometimes in 
Canada, but not where the Brethren had any congrega- 
tion. After taking his confession and pledges, I led 
him into Lake Jackson, the large lake along the west 
side of Sebring and there he was buried with Christ by 
baptism, in the likeness of his death, and arose to walk 
in newness of life. 

In my diary I have recorded that this was the first 
case of trine immersion in this immediate part of the 
state. This was the beginning of baptizing for the 
Sebring congregation. In a sense it may remind us of 
the baptism of the eunuch. After his baptism the broth- 
er went on his way rejoicing, and that is the last and 
only time I ever saw him. However he wrote me each 
year for several years, always sending a check or money 
order with each letter. One time he sent me a check for 
six hundred dollars, telling me in what way he pre- 
ferred to have his offerings used. Finally his letters 

ceased coming, and this led me to conclude that he had 
passed to his final reward. Whatever else may be said 
of him and the life he lived, he certainly was, so far as 
money was concerned, a fruitful vine, or rather a fruit- 
ful branch, and it would be a blessing to the cause of 
Christ if all the members of the church at large would, 
in this particular, prove to be equally fruitful. 

A Pulpit That Has a History 

When I let the contract, in the summer of 1916, for 
the building of the Brethren chapel I did not include the 
pulpit. The contractor was to furnish everything, and 
complete the building for $680. When the building was 
nearing completion there came to Sebring a brother and 
his wife, named Taylor Arnold, from Cerro Gordo, 111. 
They were here for the winter, this being their first trip 
to Florida. Bro. Arnold was a deacon, a carpenter, a 
good song leader, and, by the way, an uncle to Bro. R. E. 
Arnold, the Business Manager of the Brethren Publish- 
ing House at Elgin. Soon after his arrival he told me 
that he was not in a position to give money, but as he 
had brought some of his carpenter tools with him he 
would be only too willing to donate labor on the build- 
ing. On advising him that everything had been ar- 
ranged for save the pulpit, he said, if I would furnish 
the lumber, he would make any kind of a pulpit desired. 
In due time the lumber was at his disposal in my back- 
yard, where he constructed a temporary bench under the 
grape arbor. There he built the well and neatly con- 
structed pulpit that still does duty in our present church 
auditorium. The original chapel of 1916 has been 
changed, partly remodeled, and does duty for Sunday- 
school and other purposes, but the pulpit, as Bro. Arn- 
old built it, still occupies its accustomed place to the 
front, around which cluster the religious interests of 
a large well served community. In a sense it is the con- 
secrated altar of a live wire congregation, and on it no 
strange fire is presumed to be offered. It bears the fin- 
gerprints of no less than fourscore preachers, some of 
them being the most widely known ministers of the 
brotherhood. Here at this pulpit, this altar, have stood 
several Conference moderators,, college presidents, 
gifted evangelists, all dealing out their well prepared 
and well appreciated messages. To listen to these ad- 
dresses has been a rare privilege, a rare treat, for rep- 
resentatives from more than half of the states of the 
Union. In another sense this pulpit has become a sort 
of Mecca, to which hundreds of northern tovu'ists come 
for religious comfort and consolation, as well as spir- 
itual instruction. May it long stand for that which 
leads to a deeper spiritual experience in Christ Jesus 
our Lord. 

A Sister's Aid That Is a Fine Asset and a Haven of Comfort 

On the afternoon following Christmas, 1916, my wife 
called the sisters together at her home for the purpose 
of organizing a Sisters' Aid for Sebring, she being 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 

chosen their first president. There wore just nine of 
them, and only one of the number. Mary Stutsman, re- 
mains in Sebring. The society still continues to fimc- 
tion. but is gn"eatly increased in membership, activity 
and efficiency. It has proven to be one of the most 
valuable and helpful factors in the community. In a 
room set apart for the exclusive use of the Aid, the sis- 
ters composing the society meet as regularly as the weeks 
come and go. The society has built up a splendid repu- 
tation for turning out well designed quilts for wliicli it 
realizes good prices. In a special wav the sisters, and 
even others from the north spending the winter months 
here, find the Aid a real haven of comfort. It is a 
pleasure to see a dozen or more of them around 
a quilt plying the needle they so well know how to use. 
Here they work, hour after hour, talking as they work. 
and making the occasion a real matter of joy. This Aid 
experience is a decided attraction for the tourist sisters. 
In the course of a year the society may contribute a 
hundred dollars or more to diflferent lines of church 
work. In this way the Aid has become a fine asset for 
the Sebring congregation, to say nothing of the money- 
sent elsewhere. We are proud of the Sebring Sisters' 
Aid. and thank God for the splendid work it is doing. 
It shows what a well managed Aid can do. 

A Lone Sister in a Lone Church 

On a quiet day. soon after the erection of our neat 
little chapel, a sister from the west coast came to 
Sebring. There were not many houses in our town in 
those days, and it was an easy matter to locate the 
chapel. Finding the door unlocked, she entered, sensi- 
bly impressed with the thought that she was on holy 
ground, proceeded to the front, kneeled down, and there 
alone, in a lone church, enjoyed a most helpful season 
of devotion. It was an experience that has never left 
her mind. She returned to her home refreshed and 
strengthened. On relating the impressive incident to 
my congregation some weeks later I noticed tears here 
and there. It does the soul good to think of like inci- 
dents. It belongs to the type of things lovely that Paul 
would have us think about. 

How the Fire on the Altar Was Kept Burning 

When members began coming to Sebring in the fall 
of 1916, while our little chapel was being erected, I 
started a record, entering their names, the date of their 
arrival, and from whence they came. The list, so says 
my diary, shows that there were 70 of them for at least 
a part of the winter months. They with others who 
attended our church services packed our little chapel 
full. The presence of so many members, where there 
was not even one a year before, made the situation and 
outlook simply inspiring. But when spring came every 
last one of them disappeared, returning to their homes 
in the north, thus leaving me, my wife and little chapel 
entirely alone for the summer. Of course, our Sunday- 

school antl church services were dropped. The M. E. 
was the only church that kept uji regular services, and 
even lure iho congregations were often quite small. 
Many otliers besides our own people went north. 

Each Sunday morning, during the summer, I and my 
wife, at an early hour, would go to the little lone chapel, 
occui\v the two chairs on the stand, read the Sunday- 
school lesson in concert, comment thereon, kneel in a 
season of prayer, and in this way we kept the fire on 
the altar burning until members began returning in the 
fall. This was kept up for most of two summers. See- 
ing that we did not suffer on account of supposed exces- 
sive heat, but that we rather liked the summers, others 
began remaining and now comparatively few of the resi- 
dent members are absent during the summer months. 
Ours are the year round services, preaching, Sunday- 
school and prayer meeting. Await one more install- 
ment of these incidents. 

Sebring, Fla. 

If I Were a Minister 

(Given at a Ministerial Meeting of Eastern Pennsylvania) 

My first thought is that I would not be a minister 
unless I believed without reservations that the Bible 
from cover to cover is the inspired Word of God. And 
I would quit if I ever lost that faith. Any who do not 
so believe are not only wasting their time and effort, 
but what is worse, are leading others astray. 

Then if I were a minister, I would overwhelmingly 
feel the responsibility of being God's mouthpiece to de- 
clare his message of salvation. There is no higher 
calling. I would constantly crave an infilling of the 
Holy Spirit. This would mean his guidance so that 
I could rightly divide the Word. Following the ex- 
ample which Christ set, I would want to keep in con- 
stant touch with the Father whose work I was en- 
deavoring to do. Prayer is this means of communica- 
tion. And I would want it to be as natural and as 
much a part of my life as speaking with those in the 
fiesh whom I love. 

While I would want to study to improve myself so as 
to honor the calling, and would seek to learn from life, 
from teachers and from books, I would never forget 
that there is no knowledge or wisdom that surpasses 
that of the Bible. It would be my chief textbook and 
final authority. Like Ezekiel, I would " eat " it so that 
it would permeate and become a part of my whole 
being, body, mind and spirit, keenly realizing that one 
must take in before one can give out. Christ's com- 
mission is " P>ed my sheep," " Feed my lambs." But 
one can not feed others unless they first partake them- 
selves, especially of that food which God supplies. 

Then I would preach the Word and the Word only. 
There is nothing else worth preaching. It is an in- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 

■exhaustible fount from which to draw. It has the only 
message that can save souls, the only food that can 
nourish and sustain spiritual life. There is no human 
need that it does not meet. And its message of sin and 
salvation will be needed as long as the world stands. 
But, I would ever remember that if I preached anything 
contrary to the Scriptures, my word would not stand, 
hut God's Word will. I would feel the responsi- 
bility of this because many people are inclined to accept 
what the minister says ahead of the Bible, especially if 
they hold him in high esteem. 

Really believing the Word would enable me to preach 
■with power and conviction. This would prevent ever 
giving an uncertain sound on anything the Bible teach- 
es and would never leave hearers in doubt. Sometimes 
one hears sermons which cause one to wonder how 
much the minister himself accepts. Recently a minister 
preached on a subject that required mentioning hell. 
He said he did not want any one to go away wondering 
whether he believed it, that he did because the Word 
said so. So anything in the Scriptures that is not pleas- 
ing to human nature the minister can and should de- 
clare fearlessly because it is God and not he who is the 
authority for it. 

As a truly believing minister, I could only and always 
preach Christ as Lord, as Redeemer, as God's Son, 
crucified, risen, to save mankind, remembering that one 
soul is worth more than all the world. No matter what 
the text or subject used, this is the center, the heart of 
it all. No Christian minister should ever preach a ser- 
mon such that a Unitarian could preach the same. 

I would preach to convict of sin. Otherwise souls can 
not be saved. Too many sinners sit undisturbed in the 
pews of many churches today. The whole Bible deals 
with sin and tells how it must constantly be warred 
against. John the Baptist, Peter at Pentecost and Paul 
before King Agrippa are inspiring examples in this re- 
spect and show that all, whether high or low, need the 
same warning to repent. 

I would also give messages of comfort and cheer as 
well as of warning and exhortation. For the Bible con- 
tains the only real hope and comfort and cheer there is. 
There are always burdened hearts, the discouraged, 
those facing hard problems — -sorrow, temptation or 
fear — who need the strength, the uplift, the outlook, 
which only the Word can give. 

I would try to avoid hobbies. All the Word should 
and needs to be preached. None is nonessential or it 
would not have been given to us. Christ says that ev- 
ery word is necessary for life. There is often a tenden- 
cy to declare only parts of it, even by those who profess 
to believe it all. Today there are those who work out 
theories concerning certain doctrines, who teach and 
preach only along those lines, neglecting other parts of 
the Scriptures which are just as important. Thev can 

be heard on the radio as well as in Bible conferences. 
And we, too, who profess to teach the whole gospel, 
should be on our guard in this respect. Until I came 
in touch with the churches in Eastern Pennsylvania, I 
never knew of the method some of them have of read- 
ing chapter by chapter through the Word so that all is 
covered. This, I think, is a good plan. 

I would most conscientiously endeavor to keep my- 
self free from any favors or entanglements that would 
cause me to slight or soft pedal any part of God's mes- 
sage. The paid ministry holds a strong temptation in 
this respect. In the Old Testament there were times 
when the supported leaders and priests became so cor- 
rupt and useless because they catered to the people in- 
stead of keeping true to God, that he had to raise up 
outside prophets who were willing to suffer persecu- 
tion in order to give his message. Like them, the 
Christian minister must keep himself free and be will- 
ing to proclaim all the Word without fear or favor if 
he wants to be true to his trust. 

As important as the preaching of the Word is, I 
would want to constantly realize that the ministry to 
the individual, the personal contact, comes next. The 
tendency of the day is to do things big, in the 
mass. But the individual soul is the highest unit and 
it has a need that can only be met by the personal touch 
which visiting gives. The minister will also benefit by 
this. Christ, with his stupendous work, and in spite of 
the crowds that thronged him, always had time for the 
individual, going into the home as well as helping else- 

I would visit in the homes outside of having an in- 
vitation to dinner. Going to dinner is all right for 
there is a special fellowship in eating together, but peo- 
ple should not need to extend such an invitation in or- 
der to get the minister into their homes. 

All members should be visited — not just those we 
like best — the well and active as well as the aged, the 
sick, the shut-in. Occasionally hold a service for the 
latter. And the former need the encouragement that 
comes from having an interest shown in them. There 
is a benediction-like feeling that a minister's calling in 
the home gives, especially if he offers prayer as should 
be done. 

Visiting is a phase of the minister's work that is too 
often neglected. There are many homes, church mem- 
bers' homes, where a minister does not enter from one 
year's end to another. This should not be. Only by vis- 
iting can he come to know their problems and their 
needs, so as to be able to help meet them. Both from 
experience and observation I find that some who are 
supported to give their time to the work of the church 
are more often remiss in this respect than are many 
who serve free. 

I would want ever to be deeply conscious that unless 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5. 1935 

my walk and conduct corresponded with my profes- 
sion, my preaching would be largely in vain. For 
what a minister does has more effect and is hoard nuich 
farther than the soimd of his voice, even though ho 
may be a forceful speaker. Unless a minister's life is a 
testimony to the reality and power of the gospel, his 
words will be largely meaningless aiul he becomes a 
slumblingblock who hinders the message even when de- 
livered by others. Wo know that it is not easy for him 
to live up to this high standard because the message 
bearer is human, with tlie frailties of the flesh, the same 
as the hearer : but there is laid on him the nood of 
demonstrating the power of God in a life, thereby set- 
ting an example. When he does this his preaching has 
double force. 

I would refuse to perform the marriage ceremony 
for those whom God could not recognize as being mar- 
ried. Because of the let-down of moral standards to- 
day and the consequent disregard of gospel teachings 
concerning divorce and remarriage, a minister, if he be 
true to his calling, must stem the tide at this point and 
not sanction it by a religious ceremony. He should re- 
fuse to be responsible for helping any to feel that they . 
were pined in holy wedlock when in God's sight they 
would be li\-ing in sin. The world and society have 
come to accept these conditions as a "matter of course 
and no longer ostracize such. Hence it is all the more 
needful that the church and the ministry hold to the 
standard of the ^^'ord. 

Neither would I as a Christian minister help per- 
petuate what originated as a heathen custom, that of 
putting a piece of jewelry on the woman's hand in the 
marriage ceremony. A\'hat it typifies is so far below 
the Christian standard of marriage, that it is unworthy 
of a Christian woman's acceptance or a Christian min- 
ister being a party to it. 

Also I would be willing to show by my appearance 
that I was a minister. Xot for the sake of proclaiming 
it but because it is becoming for such a calling and 
exerts a power and influence that is greater than some 
ministers seem to realize. 

Then, if I was faithful to my call and preached the 
Word under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, there 
would be the assurance that some souls w-ould be saved, 
some strengthened and helped to grow spiritually. For 
God's Word will not return unto him void but will ac- 
complish that for which it is sent. Much of the re- 
sults has to be left in God's kecjjing, for a minister 
can not know them all here. 

One Lfjrd's Day a per.son entered a church where he 
was a total stranger. That person was in great need 
of help, not material but spiritual help. He faced a 
powerful and subtle temptation, the resisting of which 
would mean a most trying form of persecution. It 
seemed to that person that the minister preached direct- 

ly to him. If he had known him and his need he could 
not have more helpfully mot it. The minister said that 
it was not just tlio lino he had intended speaking on, but 
ho felt moved to do so. He was led by the Spirit and 
ga\'e as he was directed, even though he will likely never 
know in this world why he was so guided. 

Such results, the rewards of being God's messenger, 
would make all the trials and sacrifices of the work 
socm as naught and beside which all the treasures of 
earth would fade away. 

Finally, " if I were a minister," wotild I live up to 
all these suggestions as well as do many of the Breth- 
ren who now faithfully serve in that caj^acity? I fear 
not. But I would endeavor with all my powers to ad- 
vance the kingdom of Christ, my Savior. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

What Is the Missionary Spirit? 


What is the missionary spirit? The missionary spir- 
it is the spirit of Christ. But what is the spirit of 
Christ? The spirit of Christ is beautifully set forth in 
that wonderful prophecy in Isa. 61 : 1-3. Let us set 
that scripture before us so that we may see its signif- 

"The Spirit of the Lord Jehovah is upon me; 
because Jehovah hath anointed me 

to preach good tidings unto the meek; 
he hath sent me 

to hind up the broken-hearted, 
to proclaim liberty to the captives, 

and the opening of the prison to them that are bound ; 
to proclaim the year of Jehovah's favor, 

and the day of vengeance of our God; 
to comfort all that mourn; 
to appoint unto them that mourn in Zion. 
to give unto them 

a garland for ashes, 

the oil of joy for mourning, 

the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness." 

These are the words which Jesus read in the syna- 
gogue of Nazareth on that sabbath day when he re- 
turned to preach to his own townsmen. And he said : 
" Today hath this scripture been fulfilled in your ears." 
Jesus understood that this scripture referred to him- 
self and that it set forth the work which he was sent to 
do. Now let us analyze these words and find out what 
the true nn'ssionary s])irit is. 

1. It is the Spirit of Evangelism. Jesus was 
anointed by the Spirit of God to preach good tidings. 
J fe was sent to proclaim liberty and Jehovah's favor.' 
This is the first and most fundamental work of the 
Lord Jesus. He was to tell to others the glad tidings 
wliich he had brought from heaven. When John the 
Baptist began his work he ])reachcd, saying, "The king- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 

dom of heaven is at hand." When Jesus sent out the 
twelve he said unto them : " Go, preach." And in the 
last commission he commands them to preach the gos- 
pel to the whole creation, and the apostles went forth 
and preached everywhere. 

Evangelism must always be considered the primary 
work of all missionary endeavor. " How shall they 
hear without a preacher?" The Christian church has a 
message for the world; that message must be pro- 
claimed. It is the message of everlasting life, a mes- 
sage that brings joy and peace and forgiveness. It is 
indeed " good tidings " ; every Christian ought to pro- 
claim it. " Woe is unto me if I preach not the gospel." 
Any missionary in any department of service who fails 
to tell out the glad tidings has not the true missionary 

2. It is the Spirit of Service. Service is a proper 
word and an important word, but not all service is in- 
spired by the missionary spirit. It must be free and 
loving service. Service that is paid for is not mission- 
ary service. What was Jesus sent to do ? He was sent 
to " bind up," " comfort," " give." Oh, the beauty of 
the service which Jesus rendered ! He went about " do- 
ing good." Think of all the sorrowing hearts which he 
comforted, of all the sick whom he healed, of all the 
hungry whom he fed. To so many people he gave " a 
garland of ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the gar- 
ment of praise for the spirit of heaviness." But he did 
it freely and he did it lovingly. He did it for the good 
of the people and not for his own reward. Jesus was 
not paid for his service. He came to minister. 

When Jesus sent out his disciples to serve he gave 
them power to do wonders, but he said to them : 
" Freely ye received, freely give." Ah, the messenger 
of God must not be mercenary. He is sent forth to 
seek the good of others, to render free and loving serv- 
ice. Jesus took the form of a servant as he lived among 
men. Yes, we must be servants of the needy, the poor 
and the oppressed. Jesus served the poorest beggars 
and the outcast lepers. They could not pay him ; he 
asked not for pay. He preached the gospel to the poor. 
It was a testimony to John in prison that " the poor 
have the gospel preached unto them." We are not sent 
out to make money but to serve the poorest and needi- 

3. It is the Spirit of Sacrifice. Service that does not 
require sacrifice is not true missionary service. Christ 
is our Example. " For ye know the grace of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your 
sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty 
might become rich" (2 Cor. 8:9). What did Christ 
give up for us ? It was a big price he paid for our re- 
demption. See Philpp. 2 : 6-8. Equal with God, yet he 
emptied himself, became a man, among men a servant, 
humbled himself, and was obedient to death, even death 

on a cruel cross. He gave up all. This is the true 
missionary spirit. 

There is danger in these days of making the mission- 
ary path too easy. We are tempted to forget that sac- 
rifice is essential in the missionary program, essential in 
the missionary as well as in the sending church. The 
missionary spirit leads men from selfishness into a serv- 
ice that seeks the good of others ; it leads men " not to 
count their lives dear unto themselves." If the gospel 
is to be preached to all the world, to all the poor in the 
world, if the spirit of our Lord is to be shown in kind 
and loving service to all, then we must be willing to 
sacrifice our all and ourselves as well. Sacrifice alone 
will enable us to carry out the missionary program. 

•Have we the missionary spirit? Has the Church of 
the Brethren the missionary spirit? Have the mission- 
aries of the church the true missionary spirit? Only 
in so far as we have the spirit of evangelism and serv- 
ice and sacrifice have we the missionary spirit. Every 
church member must have this spirit. There is need 
for it in America as well as in India. O God, give us 
the true missionary spirit. 
Vyara, via Sural, India. 

What Causes War 


//. Natural Resources 

When our prehistoric ancestors fought, they fought 
as individual animals in the quest for food. Theirs was 
a world of struggle for survival, of individualism. Aft- 
er the domestication of animals, man was dependent for 
his existence on rich pasture lands. Abraham probably 
left his homeland in quest of fresh pastures. Lot rep- 
resents the city dweller. Ancient oriental history is 
filled with the records of raids by the nomads on the 
richer city dwellers. China, a nation of city dwellers, 
built a wall 1,800 miles in length to keep out the Mon- 
gol, Tatar, and Manchu tribesmen. 

After the advent of a settled economy in Europe and 
the estabhshment of feudalism the original " robber 
barons " made forays on their neighbors, robbed and 
murdered them. War was not yet a national pastime. 
The serf was supposed to keep busy at his task. Fol- 
lowing the foundation of the nation-state in France and 
England wars were fought by mercenary soldiers for 
the kings who had a monopoly on pillage and murder. 
However, with the advent of the republic and " liberty, 
equality and fraternity " whole peoples went to war for 
national gain. This development took place contempo- 
raneously with the industrial revolution. The industrial 
revolution meant a need for colonies and markets. Im- 
perialism was born. The nineteenth century saw the 
world divided. 

Today the nations are interested in iron, coal and oil. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 

Without these natural resources no nation can hope to 
fight a successful war. or become a world power in the 
generallv accepted sense. Today, the " sore-spots " oi 
the world are rich in resources. The Saar has cokint; 
coal, the Chaco is rich in oil. Manchuria has timber. 
coal, rich farm land and some oil. Mexico is rich in 
oil. Today the Mexican government is fighting to gain 
control of its rich resources. As recently as 1927. the 
United States threatened Mexico with war because of 
conflict over oil. Modern Persia is also attempting to 
break the shackles of British control of Persian oil. So- 
called backward peoples are beginning to understand 
the value of the resources which the white race has pre- 
empted. As nationalism becomes stronger, the demand 
for the return of the concessions will be increased. 

Louis Fischer, the famous correspondent, once re- 
marked that the foreign relations of the twentieth ccn- 
tur}' could be written around one word, ail. 

Today nations fight for resources, for resources mean 
power, and power is the heart of the industrial system. 

If we want peace, should we not work for (1) free 
movements of raw materials. (2) the international de- 
velopment of unexploited areas of the world for the 
benefit of all, even including the natives, (3) recogni- 
tion of the fact that Italy. Germany and Japan are not 
so favorably supplied as England, America and Russia, 
and sooner or later will demand their share of this 
world's goods? 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 

" Our Movie School of Morals " 

Director Motion Picture Research Council 

" What would you do if you had a million dollars?" 
asked a grade teacher at a listless hour of the afternoon. 
Immediately the room became electric. Yachts, liveried 
chauffeurs, electric refrigerators. African game hunt- 
ing, attendance at Broadway night clubs, and other sug- 
gestions born of Hollywood, fairly gushed from the 
children. Finally one little girl said : " Isn't it funny, 
Miss Jones, none of us would know what we'd do with 
a million dollars if it weren't for the movies?" 

This incident is told by Dr. Paul G. Cressey, one of 
the authors of the forthcoming Payne Fund study, 
" Boys, Movies and City Streets." It introduces his 
declaration that, while at first the research men " looked 
upon the motion picture only as a popular form of com- 
mercialized amusement which it was thought might 
have some p>ossible relationship to subsequent attitudes 
and conduct," the facts obtained had forced them to the 
conclusion that " the cinema is in reality ... a 
second school ; a school with a broader and more engag- 
ing curriculum " than that of the public school. 

This is the basic finding of the fifteen Payne Fund 

studies made by twenty sociologists and psychologists- 
in six universities during the last five years. In the 
commercial motion pictures shown in the movie houses 
(if the nation we have a new system of popular educa- 
tion. " The movies are an important source of infor- 
mation and general knowledge, imderstanding of humani 
nature, knowledge of styles and modes, appreciation of 
etiquette and good taste, standards of aesthetics and of 
feminine beauty, techniques for obtaining that which is- 
desired in life, and even for acquaintance with the basic 
scheme of life and philosophies of life by which people- 
live." Especially are movie techniques of lovemaking; 
widel}- imitated. The movies have become a universali 
school of manners, morals, conduct and a way of life. 

This movie school is compelling with most children. 
They are born into a world of which they know noth- 
ing. They are eager to learn. They want to grow up. 
The world of adult life invites them. To learn about 
it they turn to the movies. To sophisticated adults the 
film drama may be " only a movie," but to them it has- 
" all the reality of life itself." 

What the child sees at the movies is inextricably wov- 
en into the warp of his life. " These movie impres- 
sions constitute a part of the resources upon which the 
child draws in its phantasy and in its dramatic play — 
that aspect of the life of the small child in which social 
psychologists are more and more seeing the very genesis 
of personality and character.'' These movie experiences 
" often take deep root " and have their effects " in the 
many associations and conditionings which are estab- 
lished at an early age in the mind of the child." 

I Am Your Neighbor's Child 

A Message to Parents 
I Am Your Neighbor's Child 

I live the other side of the hedge or across the street. 

You see me only at long intervals. 

You pay me but scant attention. 

I am only the youngster with whom your child plays 
once in a while. 

But I am more — if you only had the wisdom to see. 

I am a symbol of a vast and unknown world of life. 

I stand for all the mysterious forces from outside your 
home that are destined to come into it and wrestle with you 
for the possession of your child's soul. 

I am the entering wedge for them. 

I enter by the doorway of your child's joy. 

All I bring is reinforced by the welcome that he gives 
to me. 

Behind and with me, the world crowds in, mysterious, 
elusive, all-persuasive, challenging your tenure of power 
over the soul of the one to whom you have given life. 

The time slowly comes when one avenue to him must 
be through me and the community for which I speak. 

I Am Your Neighbor's Child. 
Hinsdale, 111. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 


Is this conclusion less important to the nation and to 
civilization than was the earlier discovery that the pub- 
lic school system could be developed as an instrument 
for imparting knowledge ? There is everywhere an un- 
easy realization that the home, the school and the church 
are no longer meeting the full needs of children and 
youth. " A careful study," says Cressey, " has seemed 
to indicate that young people ,are turning to Hollywood 
for instruction upon the important things of life be- 
cause they are dissatisfied with what their families and 
the school and church have seemed to oflfer." 

It has become the fashion to berate these time-hon- 
ored institutions for permitting this alienation. But is 
it not possible that life has become so vast and complex 
that home, school and church, each of which has its own 
peculiar tasks to perform, can not any longer present 
life adequately to the minds and emotions of youth? 
" The motion picture," says Cressey on this point, " is 
an excursion into a world of interests far more grip- 
ping and fascinating than we adults, in our daily con- 
tacts with the children, can hope to provide: more ef- 
fective in its instruction than is the average teacher in 
the classroom." Is it not possible that a new instru- 
ment was needed? May we not feel that the motion 
picture art has been put into our hands for this very 
cause ? 

In a word, it is perfectly feasible to transform the 
Hollywood school of manners, morals and conduct that 
is now universally feared, into a system of education 
supplementary to the public school that will be as uni- 
versally trusted. 

Sharing Observations With the Home Church 


Secretary of the General Mission Board 

Tenth Installment 
October 25, 26. These two days were spent in a 
closer-up study of the mission station and its work. A 
new house is being erected and the foundation is about 
complete. The many endless duties of repairs, confer- 
ences, classes with women, schools, eye clinic at Leper 
Colony, emergency cases at hospital, photographing im- 
portant items of interest for the home church, prayer 
meetings and other items come up for consideration. It 
is not difficult to see that Bro. Beahm as elder of the 
church, superintendent of the schools and treasurer of 
the mission has his hands more than full. Necessarily 
there must be many neglected areas in covering so many 
tasks. The outside evangelistic efforts must go neg- 
lected. Clara Harper is reaching the vvomen in a very 
splendid way and if a man were available to do corre- 
sponding work with the homes in general and men in 
particular in evangelism it would only begin to meet an 
urgent need. This will be partly provided in the com- 

ing of Brother and Sister Bittinger later in the year. 
Dr. Burke has a task in dividing his time between the 
Leper Colony and the hospital which are two miles 
apart ; but with the good help of several African as- 
sistants this work is well cared for. 

October 2/. This day we met with the native Chris- 
tian group in particular. We wanted them to share their 
reaction to the work. Of course most of this had to be 
done through an interpreter. We wanted them to feel 
that they must assume responsibility for the growing 
church, that they can not begin too soon. After a talk 
on the purposes of Christianity, the place of a Christian 
family, and their responsibiHty, we invited any ques- 
tions that they cared to ask. They responded most 
heartily and helpfully. This was one of the most help- 
ful periods in our experience here. Two and a half 
hours soon passed in the interest of this conference. At 
least a half dozen questions concerned polygamy and its 
various complexities as related to those who might be 
accepted into the church. If you doubt the importance 
of this problem as giving many perplexing irritations 
in the creation of a Christian home and church in Bura- 
land, you should have been in this conference. The 
elder is wisely using a committee of African brethren in 
its study and interpretation as related to every case, and 
it must be met every day in some way. One scarcely 
sees how anything else can be done when its effect is 
seen at every turn. But these native Christians move 
carefully ; they seem inclined to sin on the side of 
justice rather than mercy, which may be necessary in 
these beginning days. The hope is that some day this 
problem will be solved, for here, as elsewhere, God 
gives as many women as men, and when tribal warfares 
cease and the men are no longer carried away into servi- 
tude, monogamy will again be restored. This is one of 
the many evils that followed the days of carrying the 
African into other lands as slaves. But this was not the 
only question discussed in this meeting. The relations 
to Mohammedanism, the need of more teachers, the 
hunger for increased medical help and other items 
forced themselves for attention. We had to adjourn 
leaving many for another meeting. The hope and thrill 
to us was the fact that they were facing these things 
bravely, with a fine Christian discrimination and desire 
to make the church Christian and clean. It would have 
warmed the hearts of elders and pastors at home to see 
the interest and zeal of these native Christians as they 
sought to find the way to build a real Christian church. 
The afternoon was given to preparing applicants for 
baptism on the morrow, and the evening to arranging 
the place for its administration. 

October 28. This was another busy Sunday, which 
all Sundays are at a mission station. We assembled for 
baptism at 8 A. M., at the riverside. Six applicants, 
two men and four women, were baptized in an impres- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 

sivc ceremoiiv bv Rro. Bealini. There wore about thirty 
who waiite<.l to bo baptized, but niarriago difiioul- 
tie> and the lack of careful teaching prohibited 
thei:e being received at this time. What a task 
and what a challenge this task is botoro tho 
mission here every day! After the baptism Bro. liru- 
baker addressed the group of native workers who aro 
to go to the \-arious villages and I jire]iarod to speak at 
the morning service on the loyalty of Christ to his dis- 
ciples. A large attendance was present notwithstanding 
the extremely hot day. All attempts to preach to these 
people depend on the wisdom of the interpreter, and if 
any help came to them it was largely through tho wise 
interpretations of Bro. Beahm. In the afternoon I was 
asked to speak in English to llie missionaries and a 
dozen or more natives who understand some English. 
This was at least much easier for the speaker. Follow- 
ing this service we mot a group of people coming, many 
in handcuffs, with much excitement of conversation. 
\\'e soon found that quite a few of the citizens of the 
Leper Colony had gone away without permission on 
Saturday night to attend a community jamboree. This 
difficulty will have to be faced tomorrow in a court or 
palaver with Dr. Burke in charge. Difficulties like this 
happen daily either between groups, individuals or in 
the domestic circles. One sometimes wonders how a 
missionary has time to do anything else. At night while 
the natives met in the church for their evening service, 
the missionaries met in the home of Bro. Beahm for 
prayer and worship. Bro. Brubaker led in the meeting 
in a very helpful talk on faith, hope and love as the 
triumvirate of Christian living and fellowship. 

October i>p. Bro. Beahm had arranged for a group 
of the native craftsmen to do a day's work under the 
big tree at the schoolhouse. This was to liave the double 
purpose of teaching the young Bura student in school 
something of the skill of their fathers and an apprecia- 
tion of their own crafts, as well as giving the deputa- 
tion a brief summary of how Africans operate and 
maintain their industries and make a living thereby. 
The exhibit consisted of woodworking, cotton spin- 
ning, rope making, blacksmithing, gourd decoration, 
making of cloth and garments, brass moulding, pottery, 
etc. One is amazed at both the skill of the African and 
the simple tools with which it is all done. Of course the 
tools are all indigenous and handmade. The toes of 
both feet are as useful in most of the processes as the 
fingers of the hands. The economy of fuel in the heat- 
ing of irons is an art in itself, and a rebuke to the waste 
of the West. The handmade bellows that permits an 
efficient blacksmith forge under any tree where there is 
a stone is both novel and effective. Perhaps the greatest 
artistic skill in the eyes of a westerner is method and 
beauty in moulding brass and burning gourds. The jjat- 
tern used in brass making is made of rubber obtained 

from tho native rubber troo. It is made into 
any lioautiful iovm of native jowolry ; then it is enclosed 
in a nuul form at the top of which is a collection of 
brass, fretiuontly exjilodod shells, and heated. Tn the 
liroooss ot boating tho rnbbor is dostroyod and tho brass 
molted which takes the place of the rubber form with 
all of its delicate impressions and beautiful markings. 
The gourds aro burned with hot irons, throe in number, 
each of which is used in turn while the others heat, and 
without any visible pattern or guide for the hand, the 
nK)st beautiful decorations are slowly accomplished with 
delicate touch. It is quite evident that the age of machin- 
ery in the West has lost to us in large measure the skill 
of handcrafts so common here in the past, but which is 
passing too, for the school boys were almost as much 
surprised at the beauty and skill of some of the work as 
we ourselves. One wonders too, since the West has 
invented machinery more rapidly than it seems to be 
controlled as to how fast it should be urged upon those 
who have such splendid skill in handwork. 

October 50. Up at 5:00 A. INI. promptly to climb 
Mount Garkida, a half mile from the mission com- 
pound. After three-fourths of an hour we reached the 
summit to see the morning sun greet us from the east. 
\A'hat a sight it was ! There lay the mission compound 
at our feet, like an oasis in a desert of superstition and 
heart hunger. We could see the many villages in which 
there is active work by the mission. Also the Hawal 
River, like a silver thread through the valley. After a 
lunch we had a scripture lesson and prayer. It was a 
meditation on the transfiguration of our Lord on the 
mount. Then we returned to the day's work and toil in 
the valley below. A few minutes were spent at the 
market again. Then to the compound to receive the 
offering of a goat from one who was a former Chris- 
tian church member, but on account of his two wives is 
no longer a member, but would like to return. The 
goat was accepted and turned over to the mission and 
we hope in due time he may find the way of rightly 
building his family for its unity and genuine goodness. 
Then we went to the Leper Colony to make a few 
visits and take some pictures, and back to the compound 
for lunch. The afternoon was spent in reviewing our 
visit here and arranging for a ineeting with the mission 
in which we planned to talk over such things as we be- 
lieved would be for the best interests of the work. Ev- 
ery one is loaded with responsibility at the present mo- 
ment in such a way that one hesitates to even speak of 
the things that we hope to see improved ; but the mis- 
sionaries are always glad for the things that others may 
sec that will hoI]j the work. Ibnv to maintain a strong, 
sjjirit of evangelism in all the work, the wisest placing 
of missionaries, the kind and management of schools, 
l)ro|)cr administration, and iriany other things were- 
faced frankly and we trust heljjfully. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 



Ijhis 'Department 
Conducted by 
H. Spenser Minnich 

Student Volunteer Interests 

From the Student Volunteer Movement's FcUozuship 
Ncurs Notes, we glean a number of interesting things. 

Dr. and Mrs. Walter H. Judd, who spoke at the Buf- 
falo Student Volunteer convention in January, 1932, 
and have inspired so many audiences since, sailed for 
China, Sept. 6. 

The Student Volunteer Movement monthly bulletin, 
" Far Horizons," has been merged with the " Inter- 
collegian." The subscription is $1.00. Send to 347 
Madison Avenue, New York City. 

The Student Volunteer Movement in its last council 
meeting approved a poHcy of cooperation as follows: 

1. That we continue to cooperate heartily with the 
general Christian agencies at present working in the 
various student fields. 

2. That we work toward the further integration of 
our movement with the emerging student Christian 
movements with the aim of sharing with this larger fel- 
lowship the missionary purpose which is at the heart of 
the S. V. M. 

3. That we express our conviction that in any in- 
tegration every necessary provision must be made with- 
in the larger group for the continuance of our self- 
determining, corporate fellowship, since we have found 
in it values which we feel should be conserved. 

Watclnt'ord : The Ninth General Council gave seri- 
ous consideration to the need for a movement watch- 
word. The present one, never officially discarded but 
little used during the past ten years, is " The Evangel- 
ization of the World in This Generation." Some felt 
that this should be used widely again. Others advo- 
cated the finding of a new one. Of the many proposed, 
the only other one which met with any favorable re- 
sponse was : " Fulfilling for Our Generation the 
World Mission of Jesus Christ." No official action was 
taken, but the matter will come up for further con- 
sideration at next year's council. 

Withdrawals: Through the years of depression, the 
Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church 
U. S. A. has had to withdraw from the mission fields 
less than ten per cent of its missionary force for " all 
causes and only two per cent for financial reasons 
alone," and is now working definitely for an increase 

of funds that will make possible the sending of new 

The Presbyterian Church is to be congratulated on 
its splendid missionary spirit. Many churches have had 
a much more serious reduction in missionary work. 
The Church of the Brethren expenditures for general 
missionary work have been cut 50 per cent from the 
high point and the missionary personnel is 25 per cent 
lower than at its highest point. There is much en- 
couragement in the fact that missionary contributions 
are increasing this year. Some of our reductions in ex- 
penditure were justified in an eflfort to develop simpler 
and more indigenous ways of working. At present 
there is much work being left undone and we pray for 
an upward trend. 

Challenge: At General Council, Dr. Darby Fulton, 
Secretary of the Southern Presbyterian Board, said he 
would like to see ten thousand students' names on the 
following declaration to the churches : We, the under- 
signed, are ready to go today across the world as bear- 
ers of Christ's message, to live out our lives with 
strange people, giving ourselves unstintingly to Christ's 
service for them and for Christ." 

Cent-a-Meal: Student Volunteers in order to finance 
the interdenominational movement have used the cent- 
a-meal boxes. At every meal they would place a penny 
in the box. 

Quadrennial: The next quadrennial meeting of the 
Student Volunteer Movement is tentatively scheduled 
for December 28, 1936. The place has not been an- 

The Curtain Rises 


SETTING : Mrs. Chang is sitting in her family court 
With her are two of her children at a low table. She is 
making a garment. The girl is malting a pair of shoe soles. 
The bo]; is wording problems on his slate, preparing his les- 
son for the morrow. The missionary teacher arrives and is 
given a place in the family circle. 

Teacher: Mrs. Chang, where is your eldest daugh- 

Mrs. Chang : Oh, don't you know ? She was mar- 
ried last year. 

Teacher : Is your second daughter in school now ? 

Mrs. Chang : No, she is not in school this year for 
I must have some one to care for the baby since her 
sister is gone. 

Teacher: I have not seen you at church for some 

Mrs. Chang : I do love to go to church, but with the 
care of the baby, and the cooking and sewing to do for 
all the rest of the family, I seldom have time to leave 
my home. 

Teacher : Yes, a mother with a family is very busy. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5. 1935 

W'oviM you like to see some pictures? Here is a fa- 
ther, mother and child giving thanks for their food be- 
fore they eat. You know God gives us our food as well 
a5 all the rest of our blessings. This family is giving 
God thanks. Do you thank God for your food ? 

Mrs. Ch.\no : Why, no ; I don't know how to pray. 
Can I pray before I am baptized? 

Telacher: Yes. you may pray to God any time you 
wish. Thank him for your food each meal, and morn- 
ing and evening ask him to help you care for y^our fam- 
ily so your children will be good. Then as soon as you 
are prepared for baptism, you may enter the church 
and receive the full blessing of God and his people. 

The teacher then teaches her a simple prayer and the 
meaning of communion with God. After this she prepares 
to leave in order that she may visit other homes. 

Mrs. Chaxg : I am so glad that you told me these 
things. Do hope you will come and teach me again. 

Mrs. Chang and the children then escort the teacher to 
the gate and far out into the street. 

Mrs. Ch.\ng .\xd Children' : Come again, come 

This little scene of true life was enacted recently in 
one of our neighboring courts, and is a sample of hun- 
dreds of visits made in the homes throughout the city. 
Our Christian women divide into groups and on Sun- 
day afternoons visit and teach in much the same way 
in hundreds of homes. 

Ping Ting, Shansi, Chi>ia. 

What to Pray For 

Week of January 5-12 

Some sermons are hard to forget. It is a tribute to a 
message that it should remain clear and challenging aft- 
er a period of twenty-seven years. A China missionary 
now on furlough gives the following testimony concern- 
ing two sermons preached by Bro. Frank Crumpacker 
before he went to China in 1908 : " Twenty-seven 
years ago, Bro. Crumpacker preached a sermon on 
" The Train to Heaven," describing clearly the side- 
tracks which lead off and away from the main line. A 
year later in the college chapel of McPherson, he used 
for his text these words of Paul : ' Whether therefore 
ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory 
of God.' These two sermons, I shall never forget. I 
am continuing to pray that his sermons and his life may 
abide in the memories of those who hear him in China 
as those two messages have stayed with me." 

" The angel of the Lord encampeth round about them 
that fear him, and delivercth them." Without doubt, 
Bro. Crumpacker has thought of this promise many 
times when he was out in the plague ridden areas of 
northern Shansi giving every possible help to the dying 
and the dead, also during those days when he returned 
to the mission after being called to the coast at the time 

of the communist rebellion, going back refusing to ex- 
pect tiio protection of the American government. Dur- 
ing days of suspense and hours of loneliness, the hosts 
of the Lord were with him. 

And the clays of the present find Brother and Sister 
Crumpacker possessed with the same zeal to spend 
themselves for the people of China. They are daily 
sharing the Christ with those about them, whether in 
the villages or in the hospital wards, whether with those 
living on the compound or with those in homes scat- 
tered through the town. 

As you pray for the Crumpackers and all their work, 
rejoice with them that at this Christmas season their 
home is reunited, for their son Frantz arrived in Ping 
Ting a tew days ago. 

News From the Field 


Hazel Messer 
In the Dahanu Hospital 

The Dahanu hospital has been quite a busy place the last 
few months. During the rains there are much sickness and 
a great variety of cases. Part of the time we have had 25 
cases in the hospital, which is about all we can manage. 
The lines, too, have been full, and as soon as a room was 
empty, more patients were ready to take the place. We 
could have taken three or four more cases in the hospital, 
but that would have crowded us very much. Our main 
ward downstairs was built for six or seven patients, but we 
have nine adult beds in there now, and seven baby beds. 

In the hospital just now are two burn cases. How we 
dread to see this kind of case come in as they are such 
painful, long-drawn-out cases. And out here we have so 
many of them. One of the new cases is a school girl from 
.\nklesvar. She put kerosene on a fire and her right arm, 
shoulder, neck and face are deeply burned. She suffers 
much pain, and will have a long time yet to suffer. But 
when her pain gets bad she begins to sing. She asks for 
prayer quite often, and with the help of one of the nurses 
reads her Bible daily. In this same room with her is a lit- 
tle Mohammedan girl about eight years old. Her grand- 
mother had been ill, so the family put a bucket of live coals 
under the bed. Just why these were put under the bed I 
do not know ; perhaps she was feeling cold, or perhaps they 
thought it would help drive the fever out. But the cot was 
a wooden frame, strung with rope, and it caught on fire. 
The little girl saw her grandmother burning on the cot, and 
tried to pull her off; so she was badly burned on one thigh, 
one arm and a shoulder. But the poor grandmother was 
burned too badly for help. All we could do for her was to 
give some medicine that would help relieve the pain a little. 

Operative Cases 

The heavy dispensary work which we have does not allow 
much time for surgery. But sometimes a case comes in 
which calls for immediate surgery and we do it in the after- 
noon. Not long ago such a case came in. It was that of a 
little boy with a big tumorous mass growing out from the 
eye. The condition of the child was so poor that it did not 
seem he had long for this world, but in order that those few 
remaining days might be more comfortable, we decided to 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 


take the eye out. On the operating table his condition was 
not good at all, but after the operation was over he began 
to improve. Two weeks later he went home, smiling and 
happy even if he had but one eye. 
Dahanu Nurses' Class 

The new nursing class entered the hospital July 1. Five 
new nurses were admitted this year. One comes from our 
own girls' school here at Dahanu, and the others from other 
missions. The work is new and rather difficult for some of 
them, but for others it is easy. Now there are nine girls in 
training. One has finished her work, and will graduate in a 
month. The other girl in her class still has two months to 
put in. 
Covered with SmaUpox 

I learned a new cure for smallpox not long ago! One eve- 
ning the nurses and I had gone to the seashore. Just as we 
were leaving the beach we heard drums beating and saw 
a little procession coming toward us. First there were two 
men. One was beating a drum; the other was leading the 
group. Right behind them came two little girls and a wom- 
an, swaying and dancing, their hair all down, and their 
foreheads covered with the red powder which these peo- 
ple use so much. They had evidently been at this dancing 
for a long time as they often stumbled and fell, and seemed 
almost exhausted. Behind them came a group of other 
people, each carrying a basket of fruit. They came on to 
the seashore, and as they passed us we saw that the woman 
and two little girls were covered with smallpox. They went 
on down to the edge of the water, and there they would 
have thrown themselves into the water if they had not been 
restrained. The man who was leading them threw several 
handfuls of water on them, and they dropped onto the sand 
too exhausted to go any farther. Then the other people 
threw their baskets of fruit into the water, after which they 
all went home, sure that they had done the right thing to 
rid these poor victims of the wrath of the smallpox god. 

It is a joy to see that many of the people are beginning 
to realize the advantage of coming to the hospital. The 
hospital is quite a social center, too. It is interesting to see 
the Parsee, Hindu, Mohammedan and Christian all visiting 
and having a good time together. 


Anna Warstler 
Two Little Girls Enter the Boarding School 

Alartha and Sada, two little girls from a near-by village, 
recently entered school in Anklesvar. They had been want- 
ing to come for some months but we were not able to 
make arrangements for fees. One day the village master 
brought Sada into the boarding school and said that she 
would be able to give a few cents a month toward her 
food and could furnish her soap and oil. Of course we 
realized that it was really the master who was furnishing 
this money, but we knew the opportunity to help in this way 
would not in the least harm him. In fact it was a good ex- 
perience for him though he himself did not have an abun- 
dance from which to draw. 

Sada was as proud as she could be with her two suits of 
nice white clothes. She felt a bit queer in the long skirts at 
first for she had never worn much more than a suggestion 
of any such thing before, and that of a dark, dingy color. 
But it didn't take her long to become accustomed to the 
new style (Christian costume). She was quite happy in 
her new home, at least for a whil''. 

But one day the girls found Sada crying. Upon inquiry 
they found that she was sad because she didn't have enough 
work to do. This was on Sunday. The situation was like 
this (for we don't often have girls to cry for work) ; she had 
just come from the raw village. There in the village, while 
she had gone to school for a few hours during the day, she 
worked from early morning until night at other tasks, not 
just six days but seven day a week. She had drawn water 
for the family from a well which was some distance from her 
hut. She had had to grind the grain for the daily bread on 
a crude mill. She had had brothers and sisters to care for, 
and though only nine years of age she had had to herd the cat- 
tle when she was not in school. And here in boarding 
school it was Sunday and she had to observe the day as a 
time of worship, rest and play. Of course, there were some 
duties to be performed in her new home, but what were 
these on this day compared to the hard labor she had had 
at home ! It is needless to say that she was provided with 
something more to do until she became more accustomed to 
the observance of Sunday. 

A few days after Sada came, Martha came from the same 
village. She came by herself one Saturday. She brought 
with her a little bundle which contained her worldly pos- 
sessions. It included an extra waist and skirt which were 
brand new. This made her two new garments including the 
one she was wearing. Martha's face was beaming. She 
came to the headmaster's house and made it known that 
she wanted to enter school. Upon inquiry he found that she 
had run away from home. The parents had planned to- 
bring her, but it appeared that she feared something might 
intervene and so she came when she had the opportunity, 
lest it should fade away. 

While we were making inquiries and arrangements for 
her she slipped oflf to the school hostel and made herself at 
home. She washed her hair just as the other girls did and! 
was soon going about the hostel as though she had been, 
there for some time. About this time it happened that her 
teacher came on the scene making arrangements for her to 
stay. We found out afterwards that when the teacher ap- 
proached the mother about the child staying in the boarding; 
school, the mother said : " Martha may stay, but the first 
chance I get I shall give her a beating." But this has not 
come to pass, for when Martha went home to visit the 
mother was pleased to see her. She said that she was glad 
Martha was in the school. As these two little girls go 
about in their mirth and glee we wonder what a few years 
of training will bring out of them. 

Special Class for Village Teachers 

Each month the teachers from the surrounding villages 
come in for their pay, and so at that time they sit in a 
class to study some methods in religious education. The 
class period usually consists of a demonstration class and a 
discussion. These teachers have so little access to books 
and the outside world that we marvel sometimes that they 
carry on as well as they do. Pray for them that they may- 
keep their work on their hearts. 

School Girls Run a Bank 

The girls are enjoying their school bank. Each Friday 
afternoon they draw out enough money from their account 
to buy the necessary soap, oil and school supplies for the 
coming week. They also conduct a school store and pur- 
chase these articles from it. Each child keeps a simple ac- 
count of what she spends. We are hoping that the experi- 
ence in banking and buying will aid them a little in thrift 
and in spending. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 


Calendar for Sunday, January 6 

Sunday-school Lesson, rctcr's Conversion and Call. — John 
1 : ;>5-;J: Mark 1: 14-lS. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, God Made a Good \\'orld. 
B. Y. P. D. Programs: 

You:i^ People — The Home. Permanent or Passing? 
Intermediates — Praver. 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Two baptisms in ilie Kichmond cluueh, Ind. 

Nine added to the Bremen church, Ind., Bro. Burton Aletz- 
ler of Middlebury. Ind.. evangelist. 

Five baptisms in the Hatfield congregation. Pa., Bro. 
David Snader of Akron, Pa., evangelist. 

Nine baptisms in the Ft. Wayne church, Ind. 

Six baptisms in the Bethel house, Mt. Joy church, \'a., 
Bro. R. M. Clutter and Bro. O. L. Bryan in charge. 

Four baptisms in the Midway church, Pa., Bro. Paul Mycr 
of Lititz. Pa., evangelist. 

Thirteen baptized and one reinstated in the Liberty 
church. 111. 

Ten baptisms in the Lena church. 111. 

Two baptisms in the Quinter church, Kans. 

Four baptisms in the Salamonie church, Ind., Bro. W. C. 
Stinebaugh, pastor-evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the \'alley church house, Va. 

Seven baptisms in the First Grand Valley church, Colo., 
Bro. B. X. King, pastor-evangelist. 

Eleven baptisms in the Syracuse church, Ind., Bro. J. Ed- 
win Jarboe, pastor-evangelist. 

Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? Will you pray 
for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. Jos. Cassel of Fairview Village, Pa., Jan. 6 in the 
Hei'k-iherLr church. Pa. 

Brother and Sister B. M. Rollins of Keyser, W. Va., Dec. 
50 in the church at Lincoln, Nebr. 

Bro. A. J. Beeghly of Somerset, Pa., Jan. 20 in the Wood- 
dale church, Pa. 

Bro. M. J. Brougher of Greensburg, Pa., Jan. 13-27 in the 
cl-.urch at Waynesboro, Pa. 

Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe of Syracuse, Ind., Jan. 13 at Turkey 
Creek ciuirch, Ind. 

♦ 4* ♦ ♦ 

Personal Mention 

The Standing Committee delegate to the Winona Lake 
Conference from the I'irst District of West Virginia is Eld. 
Ezra Fike, with Eld. B. W. Smith as atlcrnate. 

" We are enjojring Bro. Bonsack's articles very much. It 
seems as if his gracious personality were speaking personal- 
ly." This quotation is the last paragraph of a live pastor's 
letter, a letter in which other paragraphs also show the 
author's capacity for appreciating true values. 

Bro. J. E. Joseph of Onekama, Mich., writing of one thing 
the members of thi.s congregation are going to do on long 
winter evenings, says : " We are planning on having what 
is known as Gospel Messenger night, on which each family 
will be reading the Messenger in the home." 

Bro. James A. Sell rciuinds us that Evangelist R. Paul 
.Miller is from Byrne, Ind., not Pottstown, Pa., as stated in 
the reforonce to his meetings at Hollidaysburg, Pa., in the 
" (iains " colunni of Doc. 15. 

Bro. Philip Cassel and wife of the Harris Creek church of 
Southern (lliio have a unique wa\- of observing Christmas. 
This time Ihcy did it by celebrating their fiftieth wedding 
anniversary. Silent Night, Silver Threads Among the Gold, 
Long, Long Ago, Home. Sweet Horne, and a short talk by 
Pastor D. G. Bcrkcbile wore features of tliQ program. 

Eld. S. C. Godfrey of llio Codorus congregation of Eastern 
Pennsylvania writes: "We have just finished our drive to 
get the ]\[cssenger into seventy-five per cent of our Breth- 
ren homes. We have easily gone over the top. Our corre- 
spondent is sending you one hundred subscriptions. This is 
a larger number than we have Brethren families. The work 
was given to five young folks. They worked persistently 
and the nionibcrs cooperated." Here is both encouragement 
to others and a suggestion as to how it can be done. The 
only thing that gives us any concern is our brother's clos- 
ing words : " We hope the Messenger may meet their ex- 
pectations." That looks like a large order but we'll try our 
l:iest to fill it. 

»♦» ,♦, .♦» ,♦, 

Miscellaneous Items 

A pastor writes: " I have sufficient subscribers to make 
the three-fourths, but on account of heavy snow have not 
been able to see all. Expect to send a few more subscrip- 
tions later." Have you succeeded as well in your congrega- 
tion ? 

The Foreign Missions Conference of North America is 
sponsoring a fifteen-minute program on Friday afternoons 
at 3 o'clock, eastern standard time, known as the " World of 
Missions." This program is available on the following sta- 
tions: WMCA (New York); WCBM (Baltimore); WJJD 
or WIND (Chicago) ; WFBE (Cincinnati) ; WDEL (Wilm- 
ington, Del); WJBK (Detroit); WIP (Philadelphia); KQV 
(Pittsburgh) ; WHBF (Rock Island, 111.) ; WIL (St. Louis) ; 
WOL (Washington, D. C). The program will present to the 
radio audience internationally known men and women. 
Comments and suggestions of content for these programs 
will be heartily welcomed. Jan. H is the date for the next 

The Urgency of Achievement 

Achievement Offering week is February 10-17. Prog- 
ress in the general brotherhood activities depends upon the 
condition of the treasurer's books at the Elgin office at the 
close of February 28. 

The Conference Budget representing work that we ought 
to be doing sets our goal at $275,000 for the year. Less 
than half of this has been raised at the date of writing. 
Year before last the giving was $201,1 14. Last year — 
the year of the bank failures — the amount was less. Finan- 
cial conditions in most of the country except the central 
west have been better than last year. Has the church a 
right to count on better giving? The Boards have tried to 
scale their spending program to the giving of year before 
last, and we certainly want to do as well as then. If we 
can do better, some missionaries who are now detained at 
home can go back to the field and other greatly needed 
things can go forward. 

Let us pray, work and give in accordance with the value 
of our message and the need of the world for it! 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1933 


World Day of Prayer.—" The World Day of Prayer will 
come this year on March 8," writes Sister Nora M. Rhodes 
of Dallas Center, Iowa. "On that day Christians in more 
than fifty countries will unite their prayers and pledge 
themselves to bear one another's burdens. The theme, ' Bear 
Ye One Another's Burdens,' was chosen during the meeting 
of the International Missionary Council at Herrnhut, Ger- 
many, and the program is being translated into many lan- 
guages. In preparation for this day we are asked to pray 
for the missionary enterprise throughout the world, for a 
quickened conscience for the world's burden bearers and 
an understanding between individuals, classes, races and na- 
tions. Last year the response to the Day of Prayer service 
was very fine and we trust on March 8 every congregation 
in our brotherhood will have a large group participating in 
■this spiritual feast. The program, ' Bear Ye One Another's 
Burdens,' is 2c per copy, or $2 per hundred. The poster 11 x 
16 inches is 5c. A supply of these programs should be or- 
dered so that, each individual may have one. The Call to 
Prayer is free. Order all supplies from the Women's De- 
partment, General Mission Board, Elgin, 111." 

A *♦♦ ♦♦♦ »♦* 
V V V V 

In the Messenger Twenty Years Ago 

The Bible Institute at Williamsburg, Pa., conducted by 
Ero. J. Kurtz Miller, closed with seven applicants for mem- 

Bro. C. B. Smith of Morrill, Kans., accompanied by his 
Tvife, has been doing some splendid evangelistic work in the 
Miami Valley congregation, N. Mex. 

When last heard from, twenty had made the good confes- 
sion at the meetings now being conducted by Bro. J. H. Cas- 
sady in the Covington church, Ohio. 

Bro. Wm. Warren Gish of Kansas and Bro. Ralph G. 
Rarick of Ohio, both young ministers now in Bethany Bible 
School, were with us over last Sunday. 

Bro. I. D. Heckman of Chicago, 111., was in Elgin last 
Sunday. He preached to interested audiences both forenoon 
and evening. His messages were greatly appreciated. 

Bro. John A. Robinson of Denver, Colo., was with the 
inembers of the Trotwood church, Ohio, in a recent revival. 
Eighteen identified themselves with the church of the Living 

Bro. Galen B. Royer's meetings in the Franklin Grove 
-church. 111., are still in progress. When last heard from 
fourteen had responded to the gracious invitation and many 
others are near the kingdom. 

Bro. Paul Mohler on his way to Rossville, Ind., stopped off 
at Elgin for a few hours and favored the Messenger sanc- 
tum with a pleasant call. He had just closed his meetings at 
Sterling, 111. In addition to those reported in previous is- 
isues, four more pledged allegiance to the Great Commander. 
A season of spiritual refreshing was enjoyed by the El- 
gin church last Sunday. In the forenoon Bro. H. C. Early 
addressed a large and intensely interested audience. At the 
evening services Bro. T. T. Myers, of Huntingdon, Pa., 
dropped in and was at once pressed into service, delivering a 
much appreciated discourse. 

Sister Ida M. Neuhauser, Messenger agent for the Long 
Green Valley church, Md., reports that practically every 
tmember in that congregation subscribes for the paper. This 
is as it should be in every congregation throughout the 
brotherhood and as it certainly will be if the agent is alive 
to his work. We are very grateful to the many efficient 
agents we have and we only hope that their persistent and 
faithful endeavors will inspire the more dilatory ones to 
-.renewed efforts. 

With Our Schools 

La Verne College 

Forensic activities have held a key position at La Verne 
College for the past few months. The college has been host 
to all the schools of the Southern Conference which have 
participated in either the men's or women's annual extempo- 
raneous speaking contests. In the women's division La 
Verne was not represented. However, in the men's, her 
contestant placed second. 

Two debating teams coached by Mr. A. C. LaFollette, new 
to the faculty this year, recently motored to Salt Lake City 
in response to an invitation inviting all the Rocky Moun- 
tain and Pacific Coast colleges to participate in a debate 
tournament. The debaters reported a successful tourna- 
ment participation and the thrill of snow with which the city 
was covered. 

A high mark in the activities of the junior class was 
reached in the production of their annual play. This year 
the class presented to a full house, " The Double Door," a 
new play never before given in California. Mr. LaFollette 
was the successful director. 


Christ's Redemption of the Home 

Theme for January — Christ in the Home 

Read Eph. 3: 14-19 

For Week Beginning January 13 

" Every family in heaven and on earth !" That sounds as if 
death does not divide godly families. That's just the way it 
was in Eden for then heaven was on earth and God was 
there in Person. 

But what havoc sin makes in homes — in my home. Self- 
ishness, unholy ambition for wealth, evil uses of power, to 
these and similar shrines the peace, joy and love of the 
home are sacrificed. 

After Adam lost Eden he begat sons and daughters " in 
his own likeness, after his image" (Gen. 5: 1-5), and that's 
the way children have come into this world ever since. Not 
in God's sinless likeness, but man's sinful image and like- 
ness. Had Adam loved God, Cain would have loved his 
brother — never would have slain him. For all of man's 
making heaven visible on earth hinges on loving God with 
a whole heart and one's neighbor as himself. Selfishness 
and love do not reign together. Regeneration in my heart 
is simply restoring, by his grace, all that was lost in Adam. 
I must not forget the " much more " and " more exceeding " 
in Christ (Rom. 5: 9, 10, 15, 17, 20). 

There is but one conclusion. To love God with a whole 
heart is the secret of a loving home on earth and prepares 
for the mansions over there. Christ has redeemed my home. 
Have I laid hold on that redemption as I should? The 
peace, joy and unselfishness therein are my true ther- 

A Prayer: Dear Lord Jesus, how personal is thy purpose 
of redempti9n. Thy love is so rich and full while mine is so 
small and grows smaller — shrinks to nothing. Forgive me 
for praying for almost any and everything save those dear 
onesNaf my home. Forgive me for thinking of sin far away, 
sometimes in heathen lands, and overlooking sin in my own 
home — even in my own heart. Give me an ideal so pure and 
full of love, a struggle and sacrifice so honest that heaven 
may be a little more complete in my own home. This I ask 
in Jesus' name. Amen. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 



'Eriiiiic; JP.g." by GocUu. Translation by Ora \N . Garbcr, 
Conway, Kans. 

\^ ill you always farther wander? 
See, the good lies very near. 
Present joys you should not squander; 
Happiness is always here. 

Little Ships 


"And when they had sent away the multitude, they took 
him even as he was in the ship. And there were with him 
other little ships." 

W'e know that the ship Christ was in came in safety 
to the shore, but after the storm we have no record of 
the "other little ships." What became of them? 

Without doubt most people, by the time they have 
reached maturity — and all people by the time they have 
reached early middle age, have passed through soul dis- 
turbances — spiritual storms, troublesome times men- 

In these times in life when the storm warning is fly- 
ing high and we have a chance to step in, to stay in 
Christ's great boat of life, do we look longingly at these 
other little ships tossing gaily on the sunlit waters of 
what may seem to us a fairly well protected bay, even 
though it is nearly surrounded by high cliffs ? 

One seemingly strong, sturdy boat goes by. Her 
sails glisten in the sunlight. She is filled with fine men 
and women, and as she passes by we see her name in 
big gold letters — Morality. Surely a goodly name for 
a goodly vessel. Out a little farther we see a smaller 
ship, a trim little boat, its sails also flashing in the sun- 
hght. With the aid of a telescope we make out her 
name — Popular Religion of the Day. Coming toward 
us skims a neat little craft well filled with people, some 
our personal friends. Her name? Present Day Isms. 
The bay is full of little ships, some partially filled, 
others filled to overflowing. They all flash and sparkle 
in the sunlight. Here and there we catch a name — Al- 
most Persuaded, Good Intentions, Not Quite Ready. 

Ah, but the storm warning is still flying, flying high. 
A storm is imminent. Small craft beware, storm due ! 

Even now on the distant horizon a cloud is appear- 
ing, though the little ships glide on. It comes closer, 
slowly at first ; but as it comes nearer it increases in 
velocity. With a roar the storm hits the placid bay, 
placid no longer, but now a black, boiling, swirling 
mass of rage. 

We in Christ's lifeboat look up at the .sails of h'aith, 
sturdy and strong and unyielding. We watch the cable 
of Christ's Love and Care, with its attached anchor of 

Everlasting Hope pass into the seething water and by 
the stedfast way the boat holds we know the anchor 
has fastened firmly on the rock of God's Precious 
Promises. Security ! Safety 1 Salvation ! 

But the other little ships. The storm still rages. As 
we watch we see Not Quite Ready dashed on the rocks. 
Good Intentions goes down under a great wave. Al- 
most Persuaded becomes full of water and sinks. 
Popular Religion of the Day turns on her side and is 
soon on her way down, down beneath the waters that 
had just a little while before held her up in all her 
grandeur. But where is Morality? Surely she is a 
sturdy craft and can withstand many a severe storm. 
Her passengers laugh in the face of the gale and feel 
so secure. The ship at first drives before the wind, but 
look — it is headed for the rocks I Snap ! The main- 
mast has broken, the mainsail is down, an extra hard 
blow and the supposedly sound ship Morality is on the 

Doom ! Destruction ! Damnation ! 

Are we in Christ's lifeboat or are we in one of the 
" other little ships " ? 
Copley, Ohio. 

Some Remedies 


Were you ever ill? And did people offer remedies ^ 
Then you know all about it ! It is so much easier to 
tell others what to do than to do it myself, you know. 
Within a few months I have been advised by real' 
friends with big hearts to do so many things to recover- 
that I am almost tempted to write a book for others. 

One says, " Eat oranges." 

Another says, " Eat horse-radish." 

One says, " Eat carrots." 

Still another says, " Drink sauerkraut juice." 

One says, " Don't eat proteins." 

The doctor says, " Eat ! Eat anything. Eat I" 

One advises, " Live in the out of doors." 

Another suggests, " Have a hobby and do a lot of 
reading and writing." 

Another warns, " Let books alone ; sleep much." 

Some one asks, "Have you been anointed?" 

Finally, two devout ladies went out of their way to 
give a last remedy. They said : " Get seventy people 
to pray for you at a given time, and pray with them." 

This never fails, you see. My, oh iny, how hard it 
must be to get the good Lord in the notion to do some- 
thing ! I have not tried all these and can not vouch for 
their efficacy. Some are excellent. I have tried some. , 
T find work, real hard work that brings sweat in pro- 
fusion, an excellent remedy. I found a new weed and' 
tried to have a remedy for its destruction. I found one:. 
Roll up sleeves and use a well-filed hoe. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 


Now, let me turn for a moment to a remedy for the 
sin-sick soul. One is already provided. God took the 
initiative here. You did not invent this remedy. I can 
not earn it by merit. I am unworthy. It is entirely of 
grace. Here sinners are cleansed ; here prisoners, set 
free. I know this. I have tried this remedy for the 
soul. Notwithstanding its efificacy a soul may block 
God's universal remedy by failing to acquiesce to this 
only provision. What are you doing with it? 

Sterling, III. 

Let Us Think 


Aunt Lucy had asked a few friends in to help with 
her quilt. And as folks will do, the conversation swung 
round to a certain topic of the day. 

" Isn't it just awful how our states have voted to re- 
peal the Eighteenth Amendment?" said Harriet as she 
carefully fastened her thread. 

" I declare to goodness," spoke up Mary Ann crisply, 
" I don't know what this country of ours is coming to 

" Yes," Emma nodded her head, " folks seem to have 
forgotten the days of the open saloon. I wonder what 
the outcome will be." 

" Well," that was Laura who always says what she 
has to say with a certain fling of her head, " folks seem 
to be bent on going a headlong pace." 

" Young folks will be ruined, that's all," declared 
Gertie decisively. 

" What are you doing about it?" Edith asked. 

"Do?" exclaimed Harriet, "as if there is anything 
that we can do about it !" 

" With all the politicians wanting to have laws re- 
pealed !" tartly said Mary Ann, " what do you expect 
we can do about it ?" 

" Why, our hands are tied !" said another as she 
reached for the spool of thread. However, there were 
one or two others who looked thoughtfully at Edith. 
They knew by experience that she does not ask ques- 
tions by chance. Usually one question leads to another. 

" Where do you buy your potatoes ?" This was Edith's 
second question. Now, what relation did potatoes bear 
towards beer, wondered these silent listeners. 

" Why," said Clara, " I've been getting mine at the 
corner store, about three cents cheaper on the peck. 
And you know three cents is just as good to me as it is 
to the other fellow !" 

" That's what I say," declared Harriet with much 
emphasis. " And did you folks buy any of the canned 
peas there the other day ?" 

" Well, I did," said Mary Ann. " I always watch for 
their bargains. Specially Saturday bargains." 

" These times a body has to watch all corners," com- 
mented Laura. 

" And do you buy your beer at the corner grocery 
also?" That was the bombshell Edith tossed. 

" What ?" in her excitement Harriet pushed her chair 
back from the quilting frames. And several others held 
their hands poised in mid air. " Do you mean to say 
they sell beer there?" 

"Don't you read to the end of the Friday's Ad?" 
pressed Edith. "Nice ice cold beer! And if you look 
at the right spot in the window, you see the radiant, red 
sign, Beer. Ugh !" she shuddered, " red, the sign of 
blood. Blood poured out in service, and blood wasted 
by shameful usages, quite a contrast !" 

" That is just the reason I've quit buying at the cor- 
ner grocery," said one of the two who had been silent. 
" I had liked it there, but when they began to advertise 
beer, I looked around for the man who does not cater to 
that sort of thing. And I find that the decent man has 
bargains too !" 

" That is just what I did," said the other one who had 
been silent. " Let me tell you that it is up to us to be 
consistent ; if we don't believe in beer, then let us throw 
the power of our influence upon the side of the man 
or woman who is being decent. 

" Why, I glory in the spunk of Mrs. Adams, who 
runs the Oak restaurant. Her friends told her, ' Oh, 
you will have to sell beer if you want to keep your 
trade.' And she says, * If my trade goes because I don't 
sell beer, it must go 1' But her business has steadily in- 
creased. I could tell you of other places that are boldly 
standing by their convictions upon the subject." 

" Last Saturday night," went on Edith, " I happened 
to see three members of my Sunday-school class enter 
a place where they sell beer, sandwiches, and other 
drinks. Now, understand me, I do not say that they 
bought beer. But this is what I do say : that if they 
didn't buy beer, whatever they purchased could be 
bought some place else where beer is not served. 

" When folks tell you that there is nothing we can 
do, better stop and think a bit. You can leave the 
business places alone where beer is sold. You can 
patronize the many places where it is not sold. You 
can quietly talk among your friends and neighbors. 
You can lead righteous lives yourselves. You can re- 
frain from the appearance of evil. You can, above all, 
pray to the Lord. And the prayers of many of his chil- 
dren will avail some time. 

" Best of all, you can keep faith with the young peo- 
ple who are determined to live clean lives. I wish you 
might have heard my class discussing the temperance 
lesson. The youth of today are thinking for themselves. 
Politicians may be in for a surprise some of these 
days !" 

Bellefontaine, Ohio. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5. 1933 


Drcctcu bv M. R. Zis!cr. Kxfcutlvf Sfcrctary; KuUis D. Bowman. 
Director of Av'.ult Education; R. E. Mohlcr. Socretary of Men's Woik; 
Mr$. Ross D. Mu^rhT, President of Women's Woik; Dan West. Di- 
rector of Young People's Work; Raymond R. Peters. Chairman of 
Intermediate Committee; Ruth Shriver. Director of Children's Work; 
H. Spenser Minnich. Secretary of Christian Finance; Ross D. Miiphy, 
representing the Pastoral Association; Ruth C. SolKnbergcr. Office 


Making Christians Christian 

Article Supplied hy the Pastoral Association 

Isn't there something wrong with this title? 
Shouldn't it read. Making the World Christian? Well. 
we are not responsible for the title, for it was suggested 
to us. But we do believe that the title is correct. Per- 
haps it is necessary to ex]')lain what we mean by the 
term Christians. In this sense it ought to mean the 
church members. For it is they who respond when an 
audience is asked how many of them are Christians. If 
so. then we are confident that there are many Chrrs- 
tians who are not Christian ; and that the present big- 
gest job of the church is to make the Christians Chris- 
tian. After that, the job of making the world Chris- 
tian will be comparatively small, for there will be so 
many more who will work at the job. 

It is largely the fault of the preachers that not more 
Christians are Christian. It is largely through their 
efforts that these people have come into the church. 
The trouble is they have not preached Christ as the 
Way of life the way they should. They have stressed 
Christ as a Teacher whose precepts are to be learned ; 
as Master, or One to be served ; as Lord, or One whose 
commands are to be obeyed ; as Savior, the Sacrifice for 
our sins. But Christ, the Way to live, has been too 
much neglected. These first they ought to have done 
and not left the other undone. These first place prac- 
tically all the incumbency for salvation on Christ, leav- 
ing so little of responsibility for salvation to him who 
is to be saved. 

We have no right to shift that emphasis. By his 
own words, he makes the individual largely responsible 
for salvation. That is, he himself can not save, ex- 
cept as the inrlividual plays his part. Jesus said, " I am 
the Way." I presume that he meant : " I am the way 
to live.'' The early church was spoken of as The Way. 
The responsibility of the Christian is to follow the 
Way, to live the Way. Jesus pointed out this responsi- 
bility : " Why call ye me Lord and do not the things 
that I say?" This is not to neglect the Saviorhood of 
Christ, when we stress living in the spirit of Christ ; 
it is the most vital part of his Saviorhood. Doing as he 
says saves from so many things. To live as Christ 

>ays saves us from ticuihle with ciur tollow-men ; it 
^aves troni many sicknesses and (.liseases ; it saves from 
much sorrow am! remorse ; it saves from much sin. 
The trouble is we have not felt it much worth while to 
be saved from these things now, hut have been con- 
cerned only with being saved after we are dead. Why, 
it may he asketl. should we desire to be saved then, if 
we do not desire it now? Jesus was much concerned 
with the then present lives people were living, and we 
ha\e no right at all to shift the emi)hasis. We are 
heartily inclined to agree with the writer who insists 
that Jesus came to get heaven into men, rather than to 
get men into heaven ; ;ind to keep hell out of men, rath- 
er than to kee]i men out of hell. If heaven can he put 
into men now. there need he no fear of these men be- 
ing ke])t out of heaven when they die; and if hell can 
he ke])t out of men now. there need be no fear that 
they will not he kejit out of hell when thev die. And 
we fear and believe the opposite of those conditions. 

We ought to stress the living of the Christlike life. 
The initial ordinances and symbols will follow in the 
wake of or go hand in hand with it. And have no fear 
that the true Christian will not give due place to the 
sacrificial element of Christ's Saviorhood. When one 
lives in the spirit of Christ he is observing the sacrificev 
of Christ by his very living. No one can be a follower 
of Christ unless he bears his own cross, according to 
Christ's own statement. We ourselves must observe 
the sacrificial. Some like to point out that we are do- 
ing away with or making of none effect the sacrifice of 
Christ when we ourselves make sacrifices. Hebrews 
10: 14 is pointed out: " For by one offering he hath 
perfected forever them that are sanctified." This is 
supposed to exempt us from sacrifices ; all we need do 
is accept that sacrifice. Yes, but what is the meaning 
of accept? When we accept something we make it our 
own. Does it not follow that when we accept Christ's 
sacrifice we make it our own? How then are we 
exempt from sacrificial Hving? We dare not disclaim 
the tremendous responsibility for salvation that Jesus 
places upon us. His own Saviorhood is dependent on 

We believe that the way that Christ lived is llic 2vay 
for us to live, the only way. That means in spirit, not 
in mechanical details. It does not mean that we wear 
the kind of clothes he wore, or make our living the way 
lie did. But Jesus lived as a servant of people, freely 
giving of self whenever people needed him. That is 
the .spirit of Christlike living. That is the way to live. 
That is the way to salvation. That is accepting the 
sacrifice of Christ. 

We have often thought that it would be a good idea 
to have each member of the church, including the 
elders, ministers and deacons, sit down with pencil and 
jtajjer and write their reasons for considering them- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 


selves Christians. And what would be the correct an- 
swer? Would it be this: I was baptized into the 
church after confessing my past sins and repenting of 
them? Consider this one: I am attempting to love 
the Lord my God with all my heart, soul, mind and 
strength ; and my neighbor as myself. It takes " a heap 
of livin' " to put that principle into effect. 
Yakima, Wash. 


The Twelfth World's Sunday-school Convention will meet 
in Oslo, Norway, early in July of 1936, according to plans 
that are now well under way. The church and state are 
happily combining to accord the thousands of delegates a 
cordial welcome and a hospitable consideration of their wel- 
fare during the days of the Convention. 

The 1935 Fellowship of Prayer is now ready. This booklet 
contains a daily devotion for use from March 6 (beginning 
of Lent) to Easter Sunday, April 21. Price 3c each; $2.00 
per 100 copies — postage prepaid. Send all orders to the De- 
partment of Evangelism, Federal Council of Churches, 105 E. 
22nd St., New York City. 

Other devotional literature prepared by the Department of 

Evangehsm is the monthly magazine of daily devotions — 
"Today." The price is 60c per year or $1.00 for two years. 
Send your order to th^ Federal Council of Churches, 105 E. 
22nd St., New York, N. Y. 


Peace: A Peculiar Dunker Doctrine? 

On several things our fathers have established a reputa- 
tion for us. Surely, one of these is peace. This is one of 
several great legacies they have left us. We have been 
known as a peace church from the beginning. 

But I would like to raise a question. Are men yet con- 
vinced that our pacifism is the product of our Christianity? 
Or, do they think it is a peculiarity with us? This is an im- 
portant question ! For, the way people answer it determines- 
pretty largely how they take our pacifism. 

Peace is not a Dunker hobby ! Our peace philosophy 
arises from the doctrine of love and goodwill which is the 
very heart of Christianity. It is the application of it tO' 
human relations, both individual and collective — both pri- 
vate and public. We can not accept the doctrine of love 
without accepting its application in all human relations, be- 
tween all humans. 

Therefore, we are pacifists because we are Christians ; not 
because we have added to Christianity a peculiar doctrine of 
our own. Our only peculiarity, anyway, should be our 
Christianity. If we possess that peculiarity, we are pacifists, 

A task of the Church of the Brethren is to convince the 
world that our attitude on peace and war is the true ex- 
pression of our Christian faith. I maintain we are normal 
Christians in this. 

Peace is not a peculiar Dunker doctrine. It is Christian ! 
At the very heart of our Christian faith. A striking char- 
acteristic of the way of living, in harmony with the law 
of life. Therefore, it must and does harmonize with the 
rest of our Christian e.xperience — an integral part of it all. — 
C. Rav Keim. 


Should a Sunday-school Teacher Sign a Contract? 

The teachers and officers of First church in Chicago last 
fall signed the following pledge : 

1. I accept the office of and will perform the duties 

involved therein to the best of my ability from Oct. 1, 1934, 
to 1935. 

2. I will attend all sessions of the Sunday-school regular- 
ly and if impossible to be present at any time, I will notify 
my immediate supervisor a week in advance if possible. 

3. I will be at my post of duty at 9 : 45 each Sunday. 

4. I will carefully prepare myself for each session. 

5. I will cooperate in every way possible to forward the 
work of the Sunday-school, and will gladly accept construc- 
tive criticism. 

6. In case it is necessary to terminate my work with the 
Sunday-school, I will give two weeks written notice to my 

7. I realize the importance of the office entrusted to me 
and will at all times try to use my influence for the good of 
those under m.y supervision and instruction. 

Don't you admire their conscientiousness in signing up? 
" Every church training every leader." 


Christian Use of Money 

Some years ago Sherwood Eddy suggested that the fol- 
lower of Jesus must subject the money he spends for him- 
self and his family to the test of whether such expenditures 
will do more for the kingdom of God than if spent for the 
needy children of his community or for the worthy causes 
languishing for lack of support. 

John Ruskin has said: "Only the ignorant can enjoy lux-- 
■ury," referring, of course, to the millions the world over 
■who lack the barest essentials, pointing out that only those 
ignorant of these well known facts could enjoy luxuries m 
the face of such privation. 

Among the important questions that present themselves 
are these : 
1. Simple Living Versus Luxurious Living. 

Must we not decide in the light of the teachings of Jesus 
what is necessity, comfort, luxury, and the effect of each 
spending on character and personality? 

Statisticians say that 100 years ago the average person had 
about 72 vrants, of which 16 were regarded as necessities; 
now there are 484 wants and 94 are rated as necessities. 
Which century is nearer right ? 

(a) Food. If we are to love our neighbors as ourselves, 
can we justify spending for food more than is required for 
health maintenance? Millions of our neighbors in our own 
rich country are being forced to live on even less than this 
bare essential allowance. Under such well known circum.- 
stances can we justify the bounteous meals served in the 
homes of church people? 

(b) Clothing. In view of the desperate need for clothing 
on the part of so many in our own country and elsewhere, 
should not the follower of Jesus limit his expenditure for 
clothing to essentials? In numbers of churches such limita- 
tion would liberate generous sums which might be spent for 
more worthy causes. 

(c) Shelter. With millions the world around lacking the 
minimum requirements of decency in the matter of shelter, 
can the follower of Jesus justify more than a modest ex- 

^ ■ . i 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5. 1935 

^.d) Saving. 1> saving a Clirisiian duty for those whoso 
income i> sufRciciU to permit it? It should not be a inattor 
ot mere hoarding of money, but should be a proper part ol 
Christian use of money. 

Should one come to the end of his earning years without 
having tried to save anything? 

Bolton Hall says. " Life is not made for saving, but sav- 
ings are made that life may be more abundant." 

Is it right to save without a proper motive for saving? 

What are the spiritual dangers in saving? 

i.Ncxt Week— The Question oi Giving) 


A Study Book on " Home " Life 

.\re you looking for a study course for adults that will 
l-.elp to carry out the 1934-o5 emphasis—" Christ in the Life 
of the Home"? Dr. C. C. Ellis, President of Juniata Col- 
lege and our Moderator-Elect of .\nnual Conference, has 
just finished reading " Problems of Christian Family Life 
Today," by Fiske. and says : •' I like especially the Christian 
point of view by which the various problems are met. The 
method of organization of the book, its concrete case 
studies, its projects for investigation and discussion, as well 
as its excerpts from various source materials — all make it an 
unusually fruitful study book. It is down to date and inter- 
estingly written." The Board of Christian Education can 
furnish copies at 40c each. 


A Book Review 

"God could not be everywhere, so he made mothers," 
writes Margaret T. .\pplegarth, in her book, " And So He 
Made Mothers." This is not altogether a wise statement, 
for God is everywhere. Yet this books helps us to see how 
many needy places mothers fill. 

The author is seemingly at her best in the story, " A 98- 
cent Mother." The book is worth that story. Molly a 
*• breezed-in " college girl becomes proficient in chemistry 
and after scientific analysis decided humans are only worth 
98c in chemicals, even her own mother. Molly's mother is a 
s.weet, mystical soul. She studied " big poets and little ones, 
fragile ones and robust ones " so that she might meet her 
daughter eye to eye. But Molly thought poetry smug. The 
mother also learned symphonic tunes, simple ditties to 
please her daughter, and Molly said, " Give me jazz." How- 
ever, Molly's higher learning and her mother's persistent ef- 
fort to build a beautiful soul along with working to keep 
Molly in school, led her finally to value her "old-fashioned 

The author's language is simple, thus making it a good 
book for busy mothers and also for their children. The 
children will especially like the fanciful tale, "Tied to Their 
Mother's Apron Strings." A great many of the stories carry 
the missionary theme. Lucy, the character in " Mammy's 
Got the Misery," is not to be forgotten. 

The book is well planned. There are twenty-four stories, 
each for a special day, as: Moving Day, or Mending Day. 
Yet. in all the mother theme is dominant. At the close of 
each story there is a fitting quotation. An added point for 
the book is that the stories do not preach their morals. Be- 
sides the stories there is omc play, three planned programs 
and thirteen suggestions for banquets. 

The book could well be used in local mothers' groups, by 
the family fireside and for the mother's own spiritual 
growth.— Mrs. Dan West. 


Battle Creek Men's Work 

The Mei-.'s Work of the church in l>attle Creek was 
launched in November of last year at a game supper at- 
tended by fifty-five fathers and sons. At this meeting an 
organization was authorized which was effected the follow- 
ing Dec. 11. The executives were instructed to provide a 
constitution which was presented for adoption on March 9 
of this year, and has to date been signed by nineteen men 
wlio are considered charter members. 

The two projects decided upon for the year were the 
placing of the Gospel Messenger and church plant improve- 
ment. Of the little more than $80 in money receipts during 
the year, $50 was invested in a new pulpit platform which 
was dedicated last .\ugust by President D. W. Kurtz of 

Last year and again this year the club sponored the an- 
nual Thanksgiving program. During the year we held four 
executive meetings and eight general meetings, the last one 
being the second annual game supper at which forty-four 
w^ere present. We also attended in a group one state meet- 
ing held at Grand Rapids. Contributions to our programs 
during the year were made by two laymen, one religious 
education worker, one physician and one factory hand (all 
from our city), and one out of town pastor; in addition we 
had the enthusiastic leadership of our pastor, Bro. F. E. 

We have begun the second year by reelecting the officers 
who served during the past year. We are providing a recre- 
ation committee, the latter action being taken in response 
to the younger men's request for a basketball team. We 
tackle the second year encouraged by the splendid fellow- 
ship of the year past and not at all discouraged by the 
wholesome difTerence of opinion on matters of policy ; this 
we accept as a challenge to patience and persistence in the 
faith that ideas have a right to survive on their own merit. 
We unite with the men's movement of the church at large, 
hoping that we may help hasten the new day in which our 
splendid group of men and young men may be privileged 
with others to apply themselves more fully to the art of 
living and less to the making of a living. — -David P. 


Man's Evil in God's World 

Isa. 1: 2-20 

January 20 

1 . I ntemperance. 

a. Good grain makes bad whiskey. Gen. 9: 20, 21a. 

b. Intemperance defiles "the temple of God." 1 Cor. 3: 
16, 17. 

2. War. 

a. Destroys vast amounts of material goods. Gal. 5: 15; 
1 Sam. 15 : 3. 

b. It takes our finest manhood. 1 Sam. 4: 10; 2 Sam. 1: 

3. Greed. 

a. Israel went to Egypt to escape famine. Gen. 46: 1-4. 
Is poverty in America today due to famine? 

b. The greed of the powerful few robs the many of their 
right. Matt. 6: 19. 

c. The innocent suffer most, especially children. 

d. Physical suffering, mental anguish, crime, suicides, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5. 1935 


strikes and wars result from greed, 
e. Love is the cure for it. Rom. 13: 10. 

4. Unfaithfulness. 

a. Much suffering is due to impurity. Ex. 20: 5, 6. 

b. One marriage out of seven ends in divorce. Gen. 2 : 

c. A good home is earth's choicest gift. Yet how many 
deliberately wreck their homes through unkindness and 
unfaithfulness! Eph. 5: 25. 


A. The Leader 

Rather than assume that anyone is personally fitted to do 
young people's work, it is much better to find out. There is 
so much of wasted effort because the leader himself lacks in 
one or more of the fundamental patterns of life. 

If you were to be thoroughly honest with yourself, how 
would you answer these questions on money? 

1. Do you respect a rich man more than you do a poor 

2. Would you buy as low and sell as high as you could? 

3. Do you resent using secondhand things? 

4. Would you expect a higher salary because you had 
more schooling than some one else? 

5. If you could, would you make your children's struggle 
easier than your own has been? 

6. Would you give to a poor man if you knew it would 
make a pauper out of him? 

7. Is giving to the needy better than trying to share with 
the other fellow in a business deal? 

B. What He Wants to Do 

" Religion is not a force in the spiritual life of our age." 
These are heavy words from Albert Schweitzer, the famous 
Africa missionary. Whether or not that is true in general, 
I know some communities where church activities do not 
have much to do with the life of the youth who are church 
members. There is tragedy. 

The big meaning that needs to be built into young peo- 
ple's work, I think, is that Christianity is chiefly a way of 
living. Church membership, church attendance, giving, par- 
ticipation in ordinances, and other things at their best are 
helps. However, they can never rightly be substituted for 
that way of life. 

If it becomes clear that the leader wants his young peo- 
ple to live in the way Jesus lived and taught, he has settled 
one big question and made many others unnecessary. 

C. How He Goes About It 

The heart of religious work is friendship. If the leader 
can make friends with his young people, he can guide them 
effectively. If he can't do that, he had better spend his ef- 
forts in some other activity. If he has started on some 
other basis and failed here, he must establish this warm 
friendship, or his leadership with those persons will fade 

(For some weeks this section will be in three parts to 
give help in three directions. If you like, you might think 
of " B " as goals and " C" as methods; or maybe you would 
like theory and practice better. If you want to be dignified 
about it, call " B " philosophy and " C " technique.) 


Intermediates in the Church of the Brethren 

We think of our program as being-fourfold. 

1. The Sunday-school. Every Sunday-school has a class 

for intermediates. It should be the purpose of the local 
church to have a well qualified teacher for this age group. 
From reports that are being received, there seems to be a 
tendency to get better teachers for these boys and girls. In- 
termediate work should grow from the Sunday-school class. 

2. The Clubs. More time should be spent with this age 
group than is possible in the Sunday-school. The club is a 
natural outgrowth of the Sunday-school. This is a week 
day activity. Recreation and fellowship are the big factors 
in this program. 

3. Sunday Evening Meetings. It is hard to satisfy the 
needs of intermediates in the B. Y. P. D. Therefore, an in- 
creasing number of churches are having Sunday evening 
meetings for intermediates. 

4. Camps. We had eighteen camps for intermediates 
during the summer of 1934, with about eight hundred in at- 
tendance. These are church centered camps, and the pro- 
gram is built with the idea of sending these boys and girls 
back home with a greater appreciation of their local 
churches. Leaders are selected who are working in their lo- 
cal churches. 

We are trying to give help to all of these programs. It is 
our hope that there will be a definite correlation between 
each activity. 


Vacation Church Schools, Sununer of 1935 

Churches with going vacation schools plan for them num- 
bers of months ahead. It is not too early for prospective 
vacation school leaders to map out their own plans of 
growth for next summer's work. Here is the cafeteria offer- 
ing for 1935. What is your choice ? 
In the Director's Kit 

The New Vacation Church School— Blair, 1934. $1.50. 

A Summer Program for the Vacation Church School — 
Krumbine, 1926. $1.50. 

Administering the Vacation Church School — Armentrout, 
1929. $1. 

Curriculum Materials for Vacation Church Schools — Serv- 
ice Bulletin No. 803. 15c. 

Materials Leaflet for 1935— Leaflet No. 118— Free (ready 
April, 1935). 
The New 1935 Vacation Church School Textbooks 

The new 1935 textbooks will likely be available by March 
1, 1935, and it is hoped, for the same price as last year, $1.00 
per teacher's textbook, and no pupils' manuals. The titles 
chosen for the 1935 textbooks are these: 

Beginner: Happy Times in God's Out of Doors. 

Primary: Exploring God's Out of Doors. 

Junior : Living in Our Community. 

Intermediate: What Shall We Do Now? 

Watch The Gospel Messenger for further announcements. 

There are many other textbooks recommended in past 
years that are of value. You will find these listed in " Cur- 
riculum Materials for Vacation Church School." A section 
in the Elgin Loan Library leaflet has listed many of these 
books. You are welcome to examine them. 

Should every church have a vacation school? 

It depends on the community. 

If your children are well-cared for in their homes, if the 
public school is sponsoring a good program of character 
education, if the Sunday church school is eiifective— a vaca- 
tion school may not be needed in your community. 

There were 85 vacation schools in the Church of the 
Brethren in 1934. 

If you plan to have one, begin in time! 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 



1. Chinese Sunday-school: General Survey 

TIk- opening of our Cliincse Mission Work in tiio L'nitctl 
States is practically synchronous with the opening of our 
mission in Shansi. China. One common factor in the two 
missions was Bro. George \V. Hilton. During the school 
year of 19t>"-08, while Brother and Sister Hilton were wait- 
ing for the way to open definitely for them to enter iIk- 
tield to wiiich tlie General Mission Board had appointed 
them, they were in attendance at Bethany. 

The seminary for some time had been providing students 
to assist in Cliinese Sunday-schools that were being con- 
ducted by other churches in the city. Wliile here, Bro. 
Hilton came to a positive conviction that our church and 
seminary should conduct a Chinese Sunday-school. After 
«iuch prayer and planning on the part of himself and oth- 
ers, a Sunday-school was organized. From the beginning 
of the Sunday-school a warm interest on the part of both 
teachers and pupils was manifested, and the school grew 

The Sunday-school had not been conducted many months 
before souls were being touched. Before the end of the first 
year Sister Martha Shick's pupil, Moy Wing, asked to be 
baptized. President A. C. Wieand, on Sept. 5, 1908, had the 
privilege of baptizing the first Chinese convert into the 
Church of the Brethren. A year or so later one or two men 
were baptized by Bro. Hilton in our new mission in Shansi. 
Then on May 5, 1910, two more, Moy Gwong and Moy Way, 
were baptized here. Since that time nearly every year one or 
more have been received into the church, until to date about 
eighty Chinese men and one woman have been baptized by 
the Brethren in Chicago. Of this number, several have not 
remained true to their Christ. Sqme have backslidden, a 
few being dropped from the church roll. Some are indif- 
ferent and others have moved here and there, until we have 
lost all knowledge of them. While we regret exceedingly 
the loss of interest and even the loss of spiritual life and 
Christian fellowship of some, others have remained most 
encouragingly and actively interested in the work of the 
Lord. Mention of a few of the successes and achievements 
is in place here. 

Three men have been elected to the ministry. One of 
these, Moy Gwong, is serving as a missionary back home, in 
Sunning, Kwongtung, China, under recognition and support 
of General Conference. He is not only missionary and pas- 
tor of the church, but is also principal of the growing mis- 
sion school in Sunning. Another of these ministers, Moy 
Way, is unofficially serving as pastor of our little group of 
Brethren here in Chicago. Four of the men have been 
elected to the deacon's office, one of whom later was called 
to the ministry. Two of the Brethren, Moy Gwong and Ng 
King Hugh are college graduates. One, James Moy, is at 
present pursuing his college course here in the city, and 
two or three others also are attending school. In several 
cases children or nephews of our brethren have come into 
the church. We have one brother whose whole family is 
now Christian. Part of this family lives in China and part 
is in Chicago. At least eight of our brethren have com- 
pleted their earthly careers and have entered their eternal 

During the history of the Chinese .Sunday-school in Chi- 

cago, the response has been varied, tleponding on ditTerent 
cironinslances. .\t times ihc luuulicr of inipils has dropped 
much below what we have wished. At other times it has 
lieen very encouraging. We reached our high water mark 
line Sunda\- in l'M() wlu-ii si\t\-eight Lhinese people were 
IH-esenl. In U'lS w c had our jiiglusl aver;ige attendance 
when the average for ilie >-car reached forty-live and one- 
hall, llowevor, for the t\\cnt>--si\ xears, tiie average has 
been between twcntx-four and twent^'-l'ive pupils lor each 

During tlieso twenty-six years of work among the Chi- 
nese in Chicago o\er 1,000 Chinese have attended our Sun- 
day-school, and nunc than 750 different teachers have as- 
sisted in the work. Sonic of these men were Christian be- 
fore they came to our Sundaj'-school. Out of the large 
miniher who did niit accept Christ wh'le with ns, some per- 
haps have become Christians since, and others who never 
became Christians have been influenced by Christianity, 
which influence has reached or will reach children and 
friends in this country or in their homeland. 

This work is a form of foreign missionary work at our 
very doors and has untold possibilities for extending the 
kingdom of God. Out of the number of teachers who have 
taught in the Sunday-school quite a few have later found 
missionary service in foreign lands. Some of our strongest 
and most active missionaries in China, India, and Africa did 
some of their first foreign missionary service in the Chinese 
Sunday-school in Chicago. Many other home missionaries, 
religious education workers, pastors and pastor's wives, and 
other active church workers received some of their training 
in Christian service in our Chinese Sunday-school, and at 
the same time made a real contribution to the growth of the 
kingdom of God. Elgin S. Moyer. 

Chicago, 111. 


Sister Luna Bell Huffman, beloved wife of our pastor and 
elder, M. L. Huffman, was born in Howard County, Ind., 
April 7, 1881. She was the daughter of Solomon and Mary 
Catharine Henricks. In 1896 she moved with her parents 
to North Dakota. She united with the church by baptism 
Oct. 30, 1898. On April 28, 1901, she was married, at Crocus, 
N. Dak., to Bro. M. L. Huffman. While in North Dakota they 
were members of the Brumbaugh congregation, near Rock 

In the fall of 1921, Bro. Huffman and family moved to 
Virginia, his old home. During the greater part of the time 
since then they have lived in the Flat Rock congY-egation, of 
which he has been pastor, and at present is elder. Here Sis- 
ter Huffman endeared herself to the members of the church, 
and also to the people of the community in which she lived, 
and at her departure, those who knew her said, " Your 
church has lost a good woman." She was deeply interested 
in the work of the church, and was a true helper in the 
women's work of the church and also to her husband in his 
ministerial work. 

A few months before her death, she with her family, took 
a trip west, visiting her aged mother in California, and also 
her brothers and sisters en route. The condition of her 
health grew worse on her trip, and a few weeks after her 
return to Virginia she was taken to the University Hospital' 
at Charlottesville, where she died Nov. 1, 1934. Her daugh- 
ter, who is a graduate nurse, remained with her mother to 
the end. Everything that human love and medical skill 
could do was done for her, but the Lord, whose ways are 
r.ot our ways, saw fit to remove her from her work in the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 


Flat Rock congregation, and from her dear ones here, to a 
home beyond. While we sorrow in our hearts because of 
her departure, and deeply feel the loss of her services here, 
we are thankful for the influence which she exerted in our 
midst, and believe that many have been benefited by her life, 
and that our homes have been made better. 

Sister Huffman was the mother of four children, one hav- 
ing preceded her to the spirit land. Surviving her are her 
husband and three children. She also leaves her mother, 
two sisters, three brothers and two grandchildren. Funeral 
services were conducted at the Fairview Church of the 
Brethren, with interment in the Fairview cemetery. Serv- 
ices were conducted by Eld. C. E. Long, assisted by Eld. J. 
S. Roller. J. Carson Miller. 

Moore's Store, Va. 


The account of Sister Gripe's life was furnished us by her brother, 
Eld. C. C. Cripe of Bremen, Ind. President Otho Winger added the 
facts about the memorial services in the Pine Creek church. — Ed. 

Winnie E. Cripe was born Sept. 13, 1884, near North Lib- 
erty, Ind. Her father was Eld. Jonathan M. Cripe, who will 
always be remembered by those who knew him as an able 

minister, a wise counselor, and a 
leader in Sunday-school and per- 
sonal work. Her mother was the 
daughter of Eld. David Rupel. 

Li 1887 the family moved to 
Longmont, Colo., hoping that the 
change of climate would be 
beneficial to the mother's health. 
Their hopes were not realized, 
however, for there on Jan. 15, 
1888, she passed to her reward. 
The father with his children soon 
came back to Indiana. Sometime 
after this Sister Ella Bussard 
came into the home to be the mother of these children. Her 
careful teaching and religious influence helped much in 
bringing up the children and developing in them strong 
Christian characters. 

On April 24, 1895, Winnie gave her heart to Christ and 
united with the Church of the Brethren. Since that time 
there had been a constant, healthy growth in her Christian 
life, and in her usefulness to those about her, and to the 
church. Conditions in the home placed duties upon her con- 
tinually, which kept her there until the death of her father, 
Jan. 27, 1907. 

Since she was fifteen years old she had been a teacher 
in the Sunday-school, always with the boys and girls. She 
was not satisfied with just spending her time giving facts 
and stories, but always desired to inspire them and draw 
them nearer to Christ. Feeling her responsibility, and de- 
siring to fulfill her mission in life, she was led to take up 
the study of God's Word. She entered Bethany Biblical 
Seminary in the fall of 1908, where she remained for three 
years. While there she was apt as primary superintendent 
and as teacher, but it was in the Chinese Sunday-school 
where she seemed most at home. This made it easy to 
choose missionary work as her life calling and she was ap- 
pointed by the General Mission Board to the China field. 
She sailed in the early autumn of 1911. She was located at 
Liao Chow, where she spent all her life in China except 
about two years at another station. 

Feeling the need of more definite training along kinder- 

garten lines, during her second furlough she entered the 
Froebel Pestalozzi Kindergarten College in Chicago, from 
which she was graduated in 1927. In 1929 she again went to 
her chosen work in China where she gave her best and un- 
tiring service until she was called from labor to reward on 
Nov. 30, 1934, at the age of 50 years, 2 months and 17 days. 
In the minds of those who knew her, this one characteristic 
is most prominent — a cheerful willingness to sacrifice her 
own pleasures, comforts and rights for the good of others. 
The home circle can always remember her faithfulness in 
writing home letters, so much so that this ministry of com- 
fort will be greatly missed. 

When she entered Bethany in 1908, she found Miss Anna 
Hutchison, who has been a constant and true friend and 
bosom companion in school and on the mission field through 
all these years. 

She leaves to mourn her departure her aged stepmother; 
two sisters: Mrs. Una Steele, Walkerton, Ind., and Mrs. 
Sylvia Netzley, Glendora, Calif. ; one brother, Charles C. 
Cripe, of Bremen, Ind. ; and two half-brothers, Wilbur S. 
Cripe, Goshen, Ind., and Galen B. Cripe, Plymouth, Mich., 
besides many other less near relatives and a host of warm 

Memorial services for Sister Cripe were held in the Pine 
Creek church, Ind., Sunday afternoon, Dec. 9, conducted by 
Otho Winger, president of the General Mission Board, as- 
sisted by I. D. Heckman of Cerro Gordo, III. Talks were 
given by Minerva Metzger, on furlough from China; Mrs. 
Dr. O. G. Brubaker, who served with Sister Cripe in China; 
and Elder H. A. Claybaugh, pastor of the Pine Creek church. 
A large assembly was evidence of the esteem for Sister 
Cripe in her home church which supported her. 


On Sept. 1, 1934, the B. Y. P. D. of the Cumberland Val- 
ley of the Southern District of Pennsylvania, met in their 
outing at Doubling Gap. The pastors and ministers of the 
valley also met with them. It was here that an informal 
meeting was held of the ministers which resulted in an or- 
ganization and meetings were planned for the future. The 
purpose of such meetings will be to get together to discuss 
problems common to one another in pastoral work. Bro. J. 
D. Reber, pastor at Shippensburg, is secretary and treasurer, 
and the writer, president. Bro. S. S. Blough of Greencastle 
and Bro. Reber will be responsible for the program of 1935. 
The first meeting was held in the parsonage at Shippens- 
burg Dec. 10. Bro. Levi K. Ziegler, pastor at Waynesboro, 
and chairman of the District Ministerial Board, presented a 
very helpful paper on " The Work of the Ministry." Fol- 
lowing the paper, open forum was held by all ministers pres- 
ent. There were nine ministers with their wives present, 
and all felt that the meeting was well worth while. This is 
somewhat of an experiment for our district, and we hope to 
have district recognition as soon as it becomes matured 
enough for presentation. 

The next meeting will be held the evening of March 11, 
1935. The writer was asked to prepare a paper on " The 
Larger Parish Idea." The plan is to meet in Chambersburg 
for the March meeting. The best way to be helpful is to 
get together and talk things over, and that is exactly the 
purpose and motive the few brethren had in mind when 
planning these meetings. These desires are already being 
gratified in the helpfulness so far. H. M. Suavely. 

Carlisle, Pa. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 


Sister Grace Zicglcr. eighteen- yfar-old daughter of Elder and Sister 
H. H. Zicglcr. of Ridgely. Md.. passed away Dec. J, 193-). 

Grace was a student of Bridgewater College. Virginia. She was 
stricken on Thanksgiving night while on a Student Volunteer deputa- 
tion trip. She was in a coma at Lewis-Gale Hospital. Roanoke, \'a.. 
and passed away early Sunday morning of undetermined cause. 
Funeral services were held at the Fairview church, near Cordova. Md. 
Tl>e ministers of the Teach Blossom congregation, assisted by Dr. V. 
}. Dove of Bridgewater College, conducted a very beautiful and appro- 
priate service. She was laid to rest in the Fairview cemetery. 

Tlie college was represented by three members of the faculty, and 
.^Iso representatives from the senior and freshman classes and the Stu- 
dent Volunteer group. .\ group from the Summit congregation. <>i 
which her brother, Jesse Zieglcr. is pastor, was present. 

Grace was born Feb. 15th. 1916; she with her parents moved to 
Shamokin, Ta.. Nov. 1, 1930. where Bro. Ziegler served as pastor for 
a number of years. Later they came to Ridgely where he was our 
pastor for eight years. .\t the tender age of nine our little Irieml 
gave her heart to God. and her Christian life was like the unfold- 
ing of a beautiful flower. The fragrance will linger in the memory 
of her friends. Her departure is a great loss, not only to the family, 
but also to the community and church. 

She was genial and companionable, earnest and enthusiastic in tlu- 
work of the Lord. While yet at home she was teacher of the Vount; 
People's Class at Fairview and dearly loved by all her young asso- 
ciates. She graduated from the Ridgely high school with high hopes 
of entering college the following fall; this not being possible she 
cheerfully assumed her duties at home. During this year her mother 
suffered a fractured hip and was helpless for weeks. I shall never 
forget with what cheerful and loving care our departed friend served 
her afflicted mother. She was in our home frequently and Iier cheery 
presence will be missed since she slipped away. 

Besides her parents she is survived by two brothers and two sisters: 
Edward K. Ziegler of Vyara. India; Jesse Ziegler a senior at Bridge- 
water College; Mrs. Otto A. Sanger, Easton, Md.. and Miss Mary 
Ziegler of Ridgely. To the loved ones who survive her we leave 
these words of comfort: 

" God was in our pleasures; 
God was good to give; 
In the joy he measures 
God is seen to live; 
Shall he then desert us 
In our times of fear? 
When <jur sorrows hurt us 
Will not God draw near? 

" Pain and joy are blended 
Ever through the years; 
Life, until it's ended, 
Runs through smiles and tears; 
And the God who gave us 
Joys which slip away. 
Sends his love to save us 
When we meet dismay." 

Ridecly. Mrl. Mrs. J. H. Brumbaugh. 



Please note that the fifty cents re''iUircd for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Bendtr-Hostetler. — .\t the home of George Grant, near White Pigeon, 
'. '::... Dec. 16, 1934. .Mr. Chas. J. Bender and Miss Mattye Hostetler. 
.1. H. .Middlcbury. Ind. 

Bemard-Guenther. — By the undersigned, at the parsonage, on Nov. 
!'y.M. .Mr. Jay H. Bernard and Sister Mildred A. Guenther, both of 
llolmnvdlt.— Paul K. Brandt, Holmesville, Nebr. 

Millcr-Mishler.— By the undersigned on Nov. 29, 1934, at his home, 
.Mr. Carl Miller and Miss Elva I. Mishlcr, both of Clarksville, Mich.— 
Kay J. McRoberts. Lake Odessa, Mich. 

Pettit-Faucett.— By the undersigned, Aug. 19, 1934, at the parsonage, 
.Xudrel Peltit and Helen Faucett. both of Ottumwa, Iowa.— Charles A. 
-XlSin. Ottumwa, Iowa. 

Voujiit-McNutt.— By the undersigned, Sept. 30, 1934, at the First 
' inurch of thr Brethren, Hurley E. Vought and Ivy J. McNutt, both 
of frhicaxo. Ill —Charles A. Albin. Ottumwa, Iowa. 

W««ver-Shaff«r.— By the undersigned at the Shade Creek parsonagr. 
Oct. 22, 1934. I>-jwell Kenneth Weaver and Alpha Florence Shaffer. 
l.olh of Windbcr, Pa. — John F. Graham, Windbcr, Pa, 

Zook-Kauffinan.— By the undersigned at the home of the bride's 
pnr'-nis near Kcnmarc, N. Dak., Nov. 28, 1934. Bro. Lester A. Zook and 
Sister KMe M. Kauffman. of Minot.-C'lias. A. Zook, Minot, N. 

Baker, Galen Samuel, was born at Ordway, Colo., Feb. 27, 1909, died 
at his home in Manzanola, Colo.. Nov. 14. 1934, aged 25 years, 8 months 
.111(1 IS days. His death was caused by acute tonsilitis. He was the 
son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Raker. On March 30. 19.W, he was united 
in marriage to Miss Edna Fern Farris. Ho accepted Christ as his 
Savior early in life and became a member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren, to which he remained faithful until his death. He always took 
an active part in church work. His Christian influence and noble 
character were an inspiration to all who knew him. Death came sud- 
denly after a week's illness. He was preceded in death by his brother 
Carl, who died Feb. 27, 1924. He is survived by his companion and 
one daughter, his father and mother, three brothers, and two sisters. 
Funeral services were conducted from the Church of the Brethren, 
Rocky Ford. Colo., in cliarge of the writer. — Harvey R. Hostetler, 
Rocky Ford, Colo. 

Bamhart, Henry, son of Joel and Sallie Barnhart, born Nov. 25, 1877, 
ilicd Xov. 25, 1934, at his home. He is survived by his wife, two sons 
and six (laughters. Funeral services at Bethlehem church by N. C. 
Peters, G. W. Bowman, Jr., and L. A. Bowman. Interment in the 
church cemetery. — Mrs. Gladys F. Greene, Boone Mill, Va. 

Bashore, Henry, died Dec. 9, 1934, from injuries received in an auto 
accident, aged 73 years. His wife preceded him some years ago. 
Service; were conducted by Eld. Ira Gibble and Bro. Geo. Snyder. 
— Elizabeth Meyer, Myerstown, Pa. 

Domcr, Sister Sarah (Bur.ger), born near Baltic, Ohio, Oct. 15, 1848, 
died Dec. 6. 1934. March 16, 1873. she married Wm. M. Domer. Two 
children were born to this union. The daughter died at the age of 
eigliteen months. Her husband preceded her eleven years ago and a 
foster daughter also died. She leaves lier son, one brother and one 
sister. She was a member of the Church of the Brethren for fifty-five 
years. F'uneral at the church at Baltic by Eld. Edw. Shepfer. In- 
terment in the West Lawn cemetery at Baltic. — Mrs. Ellen Miller. 
Baltic. Ohio. 

Getz, Nettie Alice, daughter of Peter and Maria Snider, born June 
4, 1869. died at her home Nov. 25, 1934. She spent her entire life in 
Clark County, Ohio. Nov. 27, 1890, she married Wm. A. J. Getz. She 
is survived by her husband, two sons, two daughters, eight grand- 
children, three brothers and one sister. She was a member of the 
Donnels Creek Sunday-school. Funeral services at the Donnels Creek 
church by Bro. Rolland Flory assisted by Bro. Jacob Gingrich. Inter- 
ment in the Myers cemetery. — Ruth Dresher, Springfield, Ohio. 

Gish, Marjorie Kathryn, daughter of Floyd and Matilda Andrews, died 
Nov. 13, 1934, aged 32 years. She married Ray C. Gish Nov. 21. 1921. 
.^t the of twelve she united with the church and remained a 
faithful Christian to the end. She leaves two daughters and her hus- 
band. Services in the Evangelical church. Blue Springs, by the writer. 
Interment in the Blue Springs cemetery. — Paul K. Brandt, Holmes- 
ville. Nebr. 

Hensell, Helen, three-year-old daughter of Brother and Sister Homer 
Hensell of Middletown. Va., died Dec. 4. 1934. She is survived by her 
parents and one sister. Funeral services at Salem church by Cephas 
Fahncstock assisted by L. R. Dettra and W. L. RIggleman. Inter- 
ment in the cemetery near by. — Ollie L. Cline, Stephens City, Va. 

Keeny, Bro. Henry P., born July 30, 1865, died Dec. S, 1934. He was 
.1 member of the Black Rock chorus where he will be greatly missed. 
He also served the church in the office of deacon. He is survived by 
his wife, who is a sister of Eld. E. .S. Miller, four brothers and five 
sisters. Several brothers and sisters preceded him. Funeral service 
liy Bro. N. S. Sellers in the Black Rock church. Interment in the 
cemetery adjoining the church. — N. S. Sellers, Lineboro, Md. 

Lehman, Walter, born March 26, 1854, died at the home of his daugh- 
ter, Sister Mary Kintner of Defiance, Nov. 29, 19.14. He was the 
second son of Henry and Mary Jane (Williams) Lehman. He mar- 
ried Anna Barbara Goppert Sept. 23, 1877. To this union were born 
twelve children. His wife and two children preceded him. In 1924 
he married Charlotte Smith who died several years ago. He leaves 
five sons, five daughters, one brother, two sisters, twenty-two grand- 
children and two great-grandchildren. At an early age he united with 
the Church of the Brethren and lived a consistent Christian life un- 
til death. He suffered much but was patient. On his eightieth birth- 
day he was anointed. Funeral service by the writer assisted by Eld. 
J. F. Hornish, at the North Poplar Ridge church, where he wor- 
shiped and served as a deacon for many dears. — J. L, Guthrie, La 
Fayette, Ohio. 

Long, Sister Jemima, nee Miller, born near Davenport, Iowa, Feb. 23, 
1865, died at her home in Quinter, Kans., Nov. 26, 1934. Following her 
marriage to J. H. on March 8, 1888, she lived in Ogle County, III., 
until March, 1898, when the family moved to Kansas. In the sum- ' 
mer of 1925 they built a home in Quinter. She held her membership 
in the Church of the Brethren of which she was a faithful member; 
she was also a worker in the Aid Society. She leaves her husband, 
three daughters, two sons, five grandchildren, five sisters and one 
Ijrother. Two children preceded her. Services in the church by D. A. 
Crist assisted by Kay Crist. Burial in the Quinter cemetery.— Mary 
M. Bishop, Quinter, Kans. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 




Watcrford. — Bro. John Peters from Wenatchee, Wash., began the 
work as pastor Oct. 1. Nov. 4 a temperance program was given dur- 
ing the C. W. hour. Following this were talks by Prof. Bauchman 
and Roy Brown, both of Modesto. Nov. 11 Dr. Paul C. Brown, field 
secretary of the Christian Endeavor Union of California, delivered the 
message. Our young people have recently joined this union. A har- 
vest meeting was held Nov. 18. During the afternoon many gave 
expressions of thanks. Eld. J. W. Deardorfif had the pleasure of 
meeting with his three brothers, one of whom he had not seen in 
thirty years. We are thankful to have finished a new building in which 
are three class rooms and a recreational hall. Recently a microphone 
was installed in the church that Bro. John Sharp might hear the ser- 
mon. His illness has hindered his attendance and we are glad that the 
message can be brought to him in this way. Bro. Sharp has been an 
enthusiastic church worker. Nov. 27 a mother and daughter banquet 
was held. Sister M. S. Frantz explained the use and importance of 
Women's Work after which a society was organized. Nov. 27 our 
quarterly council decided to have Bro. Frank Baldwin give a series 
of meetings beginning Feb. 18. Dec. 1 a banquet was held by the 
B. Y. P. D.'s of Modesto, Empire and Waterford with over ninety 
present. — Maude Sesser, Waterford, Calif., Dec. 16. 


Arcadia. — Our communion held on the night of Dec. 3 was indeed a 
feast of love. In the morning Bro. H. C. Early gave us a fine spiritual 
message on the subject of Love (1 John 4: 8). It made a fitting prelude 
to his later talk at the preparation service. Brother and Sister Early 
accompanied Bro. H. A. Spanogle, our elder, from Sebring and took 
an active part in all the services of the day. Several others were over 
from Sebring for the evening service. We gladly welcome other 
northern members who may be wintering in this locality. — Cloe Tracy. 
Arcadia, Fla., Dec. 14. 

Miami. — We held our regular monthly meeting in Coral Gables at the 
home of Brother and Sister Westfall, 5720 S. W. 20th St. Bro. Simon 
Richardson taught the Sunday-school lesson. Bro. J. H. Morris gave 
an interesting talk on the origin of the churches. Following was a 
potluck dinner and social hour. At 2 P. M. Bro. Morris brought us 
another sermon. We had the largest number of visitors and mem- 
bers present for a long time. The total was fifty-two. Our next 
meeting will be Jan. 20 at the home of Brother and Sister Westfall, 
the address as given above. All members coming from the north to 
Miami or those anywhere near are welcome. — Doris Lavon Price, 
Homestead, Fla., Dec. 19. 


Decatur. — The church here has recently had an election of of- 
ficers for the year. Bro. N. H. Miller was reelected elder; Bro. H. P. 
Ciannin, superintendent. The Sunday-school has done very good work 
the past few years under Bro. Wilbur Metsger's supervision. The year 
is closing with a deficit in finances only to the pastor and we plan 
to make an eflfort to meet it by March. Aid officers were also elected. 
Sister Golden Doyle being reelected president. The Aid has worked 
faithfully the past year at quilting, but it is difficult in the city to 
interest the younger women. There are so many other avenues of 
helps and talks which they prefer to attend. Sister Perry Dawson is 
our new Messenger agent and it would be a great help if the mem-, 
bership would be headers more of the religious instead of the daily 
news. — Mrs. Anna E. Shearer, Decatur, 111., Dec. 14. 

Dixon church closed a successful two weeks' evangelistic meeting 
Dec. 9 conducted by Bro. F. E. McCune of Mt. Morris, 111. On Dec. 
10 a spiritual love feast and communion service was well attended. 
Our third annual harvest meeting on Sept. 16, with W. O. Beckner 
of Elgin as our speaker, helped us to appreciate our blessings. Several 
interesting and educational plays have been given by the young peo- 
ple of our church. Among these were Asleep in Zion, presented by the 
young ladies, and The Missionary Cobbler given by the young men on 
Oct. 7. The ladies of the church have organized a missionary cir- 
cle with Sister Edith McWethy as president. Three well attended 
meetings have been held and the interest is growing. While our 
pastor, Bro. Wm. Thompson, was away holding evangelistic meetings, 
the pulpit was ably filled by our home ministers, Brethren D. A. Row- 
land, D. B. Martin and C. A. Bryan. A large attendance at all of 
these meetings proves the genuine interest and loyal cooperation of 
the people of our church. The pulpit in the church has recently been 
enlarged and remodeled; also the walls of the parsonage were re- 
decorated. — Lena Bowers, Dixon, 111., Dec. 14. 

Lena. — Our attendance and interest have been very good during the 
summer months at the Sunday-school and church services. Our pas- 
tor was called away over the week-end of Oct. 7 on account of the 
sudden death of his mother. However, our former pastor, Bro. Wag- 
ner, and wife were here visiting relatives, and Bro. Wagner filled the 
pulpit. His message was much appreciated by all and we enjoyed 
having them with us again. Oct. 14 was young people's night; they 
had charge of the devotions and also gave several selections of special 
music. Our pastor followed with a splendid sermon on the subject, 

The Challenge of Youth, which was applicable to older ones as well. 
Oct. 15 was our love feast. We were glad to have Bro. Funderburg 
and family of Rockford with us. Bro. Funderburg officiated with Bro. 
Burton assisting. Bro. L. H. Eby and wife were with us one evening 
and gave us an interesting lecture. Nov. 4 this church was filled to 
capacity to witness an impressive and sacred service when a man 
and wife and eight young people received the rite of baptism. We 
were glad that it was possible for our pastor to attend the pastors' 
conference in Chicago from Wednesday until Saturday. Our Sunday 
evening services are so well attended that the pastor did not think 
it wise to dismiss them; so he returned home to be with us on Sun- 
day. We are glad that Bro. Burton and wife are taking such a sincere 
interest in the work here. They are untiring in their efiforts to build 
up this church and their work has been rewarded by the response and 
Cooperation of the membership and by souls coming into the church. 
—Mrs. Elta Gentz, Lena, 111., Dec. 18. 


Cedar Creek church just closed a most successful series of evangelis- 
tic services. Nov. 19 Bro. R. N. Leatherman of Grand Junction, Colo., 
began a two weeks' revival. He preached the word each evening in a 
most forceful and inspiring way. He also visited in many homes, en- 
couraging the members and pleading with sinners. As a direct result 
of the meetings nine were baptized and others were called to a fuller 
consecration. The services closed on Dec. 3 with a love feast which 
was well attended. We feel that our church and Sunday-school have 
been strengthened by his coming and that much good has been done. 
Recently our church undertook to raise the church budget and also 
to pay a church debt which has been hanging over us for a number 
of years. We have been quite successful in doing this and hope that 
it will be entirely met by the new year. — Mrs. Anna Longanecker, Gar- 
rett, Ind., Dec. 17. 

Center church met in council Dec. 8, for election of church officers 
Bro. Clyde Joseph was chosen elder; Ernest Ross, treasurer; Mrs. O. 
W. Gordon, correspondent and Messenger agent. Our pastor held a 
two weeks' revival meeting beginning Oct. 28. We had a good meet- 
ing and twelve united with the church. Our love feast Nov. 10 was 
well attended. — Mrs. O. W. Gordon, Walkerton, Ind., Dec. 17. 

Ft. Wayne. — Nov. 11 our pastor, Bro. Leo H. Miller, gave the entire 
morning service to the dedication of our new hymnals, a fitting service 
for such a book, as the church surely appreciates them. Nov. 25 nine 
were baptized, six were adults and heads of families; we are sure that 
others will come later. The communion service in the evening was 
well attended. Recently seventeen letters of membership have been 
read in the church. The evening of Nov. 28 our church participated 
in a union Thanksgiving service with eight churches in our section of 
the city. Our pastor, Leo H. Miller, gave the sermon. At 6: 30 A. M. 
the following morning we had a meeting at the church for a fellow- 
ship of thanksgiving. Six teachers in our Sunday-school are taking 
teacher-training from the Allen County training school. It has been 
necessary to form a new class in our Sunday-school, the young mar- 
ried people of 1933 and 1934 will form this group. The church appre- 
ciates the offer of the Messenger and feels confident that the goal of 
75 per cent of the members taking the paper will be reached. — Carl 
R. Nobles, Ft. Wayne, Ind., Dec. 18. 

Ladoga church enjoyed a very spiritual communion service on 
Thanksgiving evening. Our elder, Bro. V. B. Browning officiated. 
Other ministers present were Bro. Merle Brinson, Bro. Samuel Stoner, 
and our pastor. We appreciated the presence of several members 
from the Mt. Pleasant church. The Ladies' Aid has increased in in- 
terest and attendance. The women have enjoyed the study of " Our 
Mission Felds." We are uniting with the women of the church in 
contributing to the support of our girls' schools on the mission fields. 
The young people's department meets twice a month. They have been 
discussing some of our social problems. Recently they had Judge 
Rice, of the Montgomery county circuit court, address their meeting. 
Our church appreciates the loyal cooperation of the young people. — 
Mrs. Martha Himes, Lagoda, Ind., Dec. 17. 

Logansport church met in council Dec. 12 with Bro. Chas. Oberlin, 
our new elder, presiding. Favorable reports of the various organiza- 
tions were given. Evangelistic services conducted by Bro. J. J. John- 
son closed with good interest and we feel that our church and Sun- 
day-school have been strengthened. Nov. 26 communion services were 
well attended with Bro. Ralph Rarick, superintendent of the Mexico 
Home, officiating. Our young people have organized a B. Y. P. D. 
The primary department is increasing in attendance and interest with 
Sister Klepinger in charge. — Grace Smith, Walton, Ind., Dec. 14. 

Mt. Pleasant church (N. Ind.) met in council Dec. 13. The church 
was organized for the coming year as follows: Bro. Chas. Cripe, elder; 
Bro. Welcome Roose, clerk; the writer, correspondent. We were 
sorry to have our pastor give in his resignation to take eflfect June 1. 
We were glad to have Bro. Geo. Swihart of Roann, Ind., with us two 
weeks in a revival service. During the second week Sister Myrtle 
Mishler led the song service. We received much inspiration from the 
visiting delegations and the music by some of our sister churches. 
Bro. Swihart gave inspiring messages and we had good attendance. 
Two were baptized and one was reclaimed. A committee was appointed 
to secure new songbooks for the church. — Lillie Markley, Bourbon, 
Ind., Dec. 17. 

North Liberty church chose Eld. Chas. Cripe to serve again next year 
and other officers were also elected. Eld. T. G. Weaver has been 
preaching several sermons on Christ's attitude toward everyday life. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5. 1935 

Our Akl made quite salisi.ictor> returns ior llu- vcar; they jnailo anil look care ol our allotment for the girls' schools. The 
writer was ohoscn president tor I'^.iS. also Messenger agent and cor- 
rcsp^>nJcnt.— Mrs. J. H. Markley. North Liberty. Ind.. Dec. 17. 

Peru.— Sept. Al a missionary play was presented at our church by the 
bdics Ol the Monticello church. Oct. 7 we observed rally day with a 
special program and an attendance of o2S. Bro. Ralph Rarick of the 
Mexico Welfare Home Vn-gan a series of meetings on the Sunday be- 
fore K'ur communion on Oct. 26. We had the largest inimbcr at the 
communion table we have ever had since the church's organization. At 
this time three were baptized. Ten have been baptized since then 
and three await the rite. Thirty-one have been added to the church 
by baptism this year, two reclaimed, and four were lost liy death. 
Oct. -S the Sunday-school convention, which was the best meeting 
(or some time, was held at the Santa Fc church. Our Sunday-school 
has shown a larger than usual increase in attendance over former 
years. Nov. l.> the men and boys of the church bad a fellowship sup- 
per which was much cnjo\ed. Our minister delivered a very inter- 
esting Thanksgiving sermon in the morning of Nov. 25. ^In the even- 
ing the men of our church had charge of the services. The Junior 
l-eague. which was organized a year ago, under the leadership of Mrs. 
Wm. Bittcl and her assistant, W. C. Orpurt. is having a large attend- 
ance. The R. Y. P. D. organization is to be commended for the 
drive they recently started for reverence in all our services. We have 
a very interesting prayer meeting with an average attendance of 
around tilty. The Ladies" Aid S.'cicty recently held election of new 
ofiiccrs for the coming year, retaining almost the same as those now 
holding office. Dec. 14 the ladies of the church plan to organize a 
missionary societ.v. Heretofore it was held in connection WMth the 
regular .Aid meeting. Our Sunday-school has grown to such propor- 
tions that we greatly need more classrooms. A building fund has 
been started and the school is very enthusiastically planning to re- 
model the church as soon as financially able. We are planning two 
c-immunions for 19.i5. the first one to be held on Good Friday in con- 
nection with our pre-Eastcr services, and the other at the usual time. 
The work of our church is on the upward trend under the able leader- 
ship of Bro. Oberlin and his wife, who are in their seventh year of 
w>rk with us.— Daisy L. Peters, Peru, Ind., Dec. 14. 

Plymoutli church met in council Dec. 12 and elected the cliurch of- 
ficers. Bro. Clyde Joseph was elected elder; Sister Emma Faust, 
Messenger correspondent; Bro. Sam Thomas, keyman for the Men's 
Work. Oct. 31 was annual .Aid day. A large number enjoyed the 
noonday meal and fellowship. In the afternoon an interesting and 
helpful program was given. At this time the mite boxes were opened. 
Bro. Ray O. Shank of Flora, Ind., conducted our revival meetings. He 
brought us a series of helpful and inspirational sermons. We feel 
that the church as well' as the whole community was helped spir- 
itually. The Junior League resumed its meetings Oct. 1; they sent 
an offering of SIO for the .Africa project. Our Women's Work under 
the leadership of Sister G. G. Canfield has been very interesting and 
helpful. — Goldie Rohrer, Plymouth, Ind., Dec. 14. 

Salamonie.— .At our last council meeting six letters of membership 
were granted. Henry Hcaston was elected church treasurer; Oscar 
CruU. trustee; Frank Mulligan. Messenger agent. A series of meet- 
ings was held during Thanksgiving week, conducted by our pastor, 
Bro. W. C. Stincbaugh. Bro. B. F. Wampler of North Manchester 
conducted the song service and at the close of the service each 
evening spent an hour giving instruction and practicing with the 
chorus class. His work was very much appreciated and was helpful to 
us. On Sunday afternoon, Dec. 2, four were baptized. In the evening 
w- held our love least with Eld. Wm. Ulrich orticiating.— Wilbert Hcas- 
ton. Warren, Ind., Dec. 19. 

Walnut Street (North Manchester).— .At the September council Broth- 
er and Sister Calvin Ulery oflfered the deed to their beautiful resi- 
dence, which joins the church property, to the church on an annuity 
basis. This was accepted by the church and this home is now the 
par.'ionagc. Six delegates besides many others attended our district 
conference held in the Salamonie church. The conference for 1935 will 
be held in the Walnut Street church. Promotion Sunday was prop- 
erly observed on Sept. 30. The average Sunday-school attendance for 
the past year was 479. For several years all past seventy years 
of age have been honored by a special church service. This year 
Sept. yi was observed. After the crvice about seventy of these older 
members enjoyed a fellowship dinner which was provided by some of 
the other members. Our church was host to the state W. C. T. U. 
convention held Oct. 4-8. There were about 2.W registered delegates 
besides that many not registered. The main speakers were Mrs. D. 
Leigh 0.>lvin, New York, and Dr. Decring of New Castle, Ind. Our 
college and town entertained the state young people's conference 
Oct. 19-21 when l,.yXl young people were registered. Mr. Rowe, Indi- 
anapolis. Dr. Decring, Oakland College, and Al C^jbe, an Indian from 
Minnc-ota, Mrs. Jessie Eubank, Cincinnati and Dr. Tally, a Negro 
of IndianafKjIis, were the principal speakers. The Men's Work group 
had charge of the Thanksgiving service and gave an inspiring program. 
TTie offering for home missions amounted to S2H.IS. About 450 mem- 
bers to'ik part in the love feast on Dec. 4. At the church council on 
Dec. 6 membership letters of Brother and Sister A. J. Nickey of Mon- 
ticello, Minn., were read. The church voted unanimously in favor of 
licensing Arthur .Shull to the ministry. At the fall council Kdw. 
Kintner was reelected elder of the church; O. Stuart Ilamer, general 
Sunday-school superintendent. Other church organizations are do- 
ing active and creative work, Mrs. Etta Buttcrbaugh is ijrcsident of 
the Ladies' -Aid; Mrs. O. G. Brubaker, president of the missionary 

society; Mrs. L. J. Yoder, president of the mothers' group. The 
women of the churcli. under the direction of the missionary society, 
prepared and sent a Christmas box to the Chinese children and women. 
— Mrs. Stuart Ilamer, North Manchester, Ind., Dec. IS. 

West Manchester.— .At our council meeting Dec. 8 the cliurch of- 
ficers and committees were elected for the coming year: A. M. Stinc, 
elder; R. L. Boyer. clerk; Jacob Miller, treasurer. Our Messenger 
agent is trying to get the Gospel Messenger into 75 per cent of the 
homes. Our Thanksgiving offering was $S5. We have our goal for 
missions set at $700 for this year. Our .Aid Society is doing fine with 
Sister .Anna Fandree as president. We are sending Christmas boxes 
to six needy homes outside of our church territory. Our Sunday- 
school is growing in interest; several new momlu-rs are coming and 
we hope for more. — Mrs. Metta Kreidcr. N<irth Manchester, Ind., 
Dec. 17. 

Yellow Creek. — Bro. Adam Miller of Kent. Ohio, recently lu-Id our 
meetings when nine was added to the cluirch. At our regular council 
on Nov. 30 church officers were elected as follows: Bro. Merl Stickel, 
president of Christian Workers; Sister Estella Whiteman, Messenger 
agent; Sister Amanda Miller, correspondent; Bro. Henry Hoover, 
clerk. Oct. 24 Brethren C. H. Petry and I. W. Taylor were with us; 
each gave us a sermonctte which was greatly enjoyed by all. — Bessie 
Burns, Wakarusa. Ind., Dec. 17. 


Ottumwa.— We have just closed a successful two weeks' revival meet- 
ing. Brother and Sister B. M. Rollins of Kcyser, W. Va., being our 
evangelists. We had good crowds considering the weather. Each 
evening during the meeting Bro. Rollins gave a clialk talk and Mrs. 
Rollins told stories to the children. The people here appreciated their 
efforts, and as a result of the meeting twenty-two accepted Christ 
and were baptized on the last Sunday afternoon of the meeting. There 
were four who reconsecrated their lives. Dec. 14 we held our quar- 
terly council meeting. Bro. Glenn Carr was reelected elder. The 
following church officers were elected: clerk, Mrs. I. W. Berry; treas- 
urer, Mrs. Elda Lowe. At our September council the church decided 
to retain our pastor for another year.— Mrs. Charles Albin, Ottumwa, 
Iowa, Dec. 17. 


Garden City church closed a two weeks' meeting on Dec. 9 which was 
conducted by Bro. Harvey Hostetler of Rocky Ford, Colo. The serv- 
ices were a great help spiritually and the attendance was good each 
evening. Eleven young people were received into the church member- 
ship by baptism. Following the meetings our love feast wa^ observed. 
On Nov. 4 following church services, the Bible class went to the home 
of our minister, Bro. G. W. Burgin, and helped him celebrate his 
birthday. Two weeks later the same courtesy was shown another 
member. Sister Kenzie. — Mrs. D. A. Sheaks, Garden City, Kans., 
Dec. 17. 

Independence. — Our fall love feast was held on the evening of Nov. 
10 under the direction of our pastor. A large delegation was present 
from Bartlesville. Okla. The use of some illustrated hymns made the 
service especially impressive. Our young people have given the play, 
"What Shall It Profit?" several times. Their most recent presenta- 
tion of the drama was at the district convention of the Christian En- 
deavor. Our pastor, C. Ernest Davis, has just returned from assist- 
ing the Hutchinson church in an evangelistic campaign. Next spring 
we expect to have Bro. W. T. Luckett of the Hutchinson church with 
us in a meeting. Our Sunday-school attendance continues to show 
commendable gains. The choir recently gave an interesting missionary 
service consisting of hymns and stories. — Mrs. J. L. Amos, Indepen- 
dence, Kans., Dec. 14, 

Maple Grove. — On Thanksgiving Day we met at the church. A bas- 
ket dinner was served at noon and in the afternoon there was a short 
program by the Sunday-school. We were favored by a talk by Rev. 
W. R. Deeter of Carleton, Nebr., who was visiting here. E. E. Kintigh 
of our community gave a talk on the early history of the church. We 
have just closed a two weeks' revival conducted by Bro. L. A. Whit- 
aker of Lone Star, Kans.; he served our church as pastor eight years 
ago. The church has been built up and much good seed was sown. 
Last Sunday we had all-day services and dinni'r at the church. — Liz- 
zie Miller, Norton, Kans., Dec. 18. 

Quinter. — On Dec. 8 our annua! council meeting convened. We de- 
cided to retain Bro. Crist as elder and pastor for one year; Bro. J. H. 
Long is treasurer; O. A. Lahman, clerk; Mary M. Bishop, Messenger 
agent and correspondent; Sunday-school superintendent. Oral Flora. 
Our fall love feast was held Oct. 13. Two were received by baptism 
on Sunday following. During the Sunday-school hour a prohibition 
program was given, sponsored by the young people. The Sunday of- 
fering was to go to the support of Bro. Alley who is on the India 
mission field. .Sunday evening, Dec. 16, the Quinter coinmunity chorus 
presented the Messiah to a large audience.— Mary M. Bishop, Quinter, 
Kans., Dec. 18. 


Baltimore (Worjdberry).- Our summer activities included a Sunday- 
school outing, participation in the community Vacation Bible School 
project and a recognition service for all who graduated from any of the 
schools and colleges during the past year. J. S. Noff singer of Wash- 
ington, D. C, gave a very splendid address on The Seven Points in 
Character Building. Five members were added through baptism, two 
by letter. Two of our faithful members were lost to us by death, Sis- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 


ter Olive Yingling and Bro. Howard N. Harman. The church feels 
their loss very keenly. On Sunday morning, Nov. 18, Brother and Sis- 
ter William and Mazie Horn and Brother and Sister Carroll and Fraiikie 
Harman were installed into the deacon's oiBce. The service was con- 
ducted by the pastor, Bro. D. H. Keiper. Our B. Y. P. D. has en- 
joyed a promising beginning of its year's activities. Many recruits 
from the younger group in the church have been received. The moth- 
ers and daughters' association has enjoyed a number of helpful meet- 
ings. Sister I. S. Long spoke at one of the meetings, bringing a much 
appreciated message. Our Thanksgiving service was well attended. 
An offering was received for local benevolences. The Sunday-school 
held a recent business meeting to elect officers for the new year. Sister 
Ruth Yingling was appointed children's worker for the local church. 
Bro. S. F. Rairigh very ably superintends the school. The Ladies' 
Aid Society meets each week. They always have work booked far 
in advance. Several of the large department stores refer customers 
to our group when high grade quilting is demanded. The president is 
Sister Ada Kauflman. Bro. David Beard from Alberta, Canada, 
brought the morning message on Sunday, Dec. 2. He was visiting his 
sisters, Mrs. Geo. Hunter and Mrs. J. A. Smith. We were glad to 
hear of the work in Canada and to receive his helpful message. — D. 
Howard Keiper, Baltimore, Md., Dec. 14. 


Miami. — Thanksgiving Day was enjoyed greatly by the Miami com- 
munity. At eleven o'clock Thanksgiving morning services were held 
in the main auditorium of the church. Following an inspiring mes- 
sage in song. Rev. Barker from Springer. N. M., delivered the ad- 
dress. Rev. Barker inspired all by his wonderful thoughts, causing 
all to enjoy a great spiritual feast on this day of thanks. At the 
noon hour a bountiful feast was served in the basement of the church. 
After dinner, one of our own members, Mrs. C. C. Lapp, gave a 
chalk talk. She painted the scene " Home, Sweet Home." The con- 
gregation joined in singing Home, Sweet Home at the completion of 
the picture. Great interest has been shown in our church by our many 
good friends and supporters, by putting over a beautifying program. 
The interior woodwork has received several coats of varnish, our 
stage was enlarged by our pastor, F. W. Gibson, who, with his good 
wife, donated the material and professional services. Two large 
velvet curtains have been given by several Sunday-school classes and 
the Ladies' Aid Society, and are draped in the building in such a man- 
ner as to beautify the entire building. The primary superintendent of 
our Sunday-school with her helpers gave a Christmas social for the 
children of that department. Besides having a joyous time playing 
games, and receiving a treat from the pastor of the church, they en- 
joyed the Christmas story and the giving of clothing and toys to the 
needy. The real Christmas spirit was present. — Saloma Lapp Sother- 
land, Miami, N. Mex., Dec. 19. 


Bear Creek church has had several council meetings and a series of 
evangelistic meetings since our last report. A plan was made to repair 
and redecorate the church. A special gift was made by one generous 
family to redecorate the main auditorium. It is beautifully done, and 
was an incentive toward cooperation on the part of the entire mem- 
bership. By gifts of time and money, the entire church was cleaned, 
repaired and painted inside. Bro. G. G. Canfield of Plymouth, Ind., 
was with us in a series of evangelistic meetings beginning Aug. 20 and 
lasting two weeks. An advertising campaign was put on by the young 
people under supervision of our pastor, and as a result, we had good 
attendance and interest all during the meetings. Seven were baptized; 
one was received on a former baptism. We had a special council and 
reelected Bro. Norman Wine for pastor for one year. At our Septem- 
ber council we reelected Bro. Frank Brower and Sister Anna Stoner 
for our Sunday-school superintendents. A new plan for the finance 
committee was adopted. Thr-ee were elected, making a board of five in 
all, who will organize and be responsible for the money in the church 
treasury. We changed our method of e-xpending our Sunday-school 
offerings, one a month to go to home mission work in Southern Ohio 
and the remainder to go for the support of Sister Anna E. Lichty, 
this to be supplemented by special offerings to make up the full 
amount in continuation of her support. We entertained the primary 
teachers of Southern Ohio in a conference on Oct. 6. Ruth Shriver of 
Elgin was with us. We also entertained the Montgomery County B. 
Y. P. D. on Dec. 1 and 2. Bro. Otho Winger and Bro. R. H. Miller 
spoke to large audiences composed mostly of young people on Satur- 
day and Sunday. Bro. R. H. Miller gave the Sunday morning address. 
His subject was " The Christian Home." We had a home communion 
on Sunday, Oct. 14. All except a few of our members surrounded the 
tables. Bro. P. M. Filbrun, elder in charge, officiated, assisted by our 
home ministers. We had a very spiritual meeting. On Oct. 21 Bro. 
Dowdell gave a talk in the interest of the temperance cause. At our 
council meeting in December members were elected on various com- 
mittees. Bro. Alva Richards was elected historian; Dora Beeghly 
church clerk; the writer, Messenger correspondent. Our church has 
suffered a great shock in the death of the wife of Eld. P.. M. Fil- 
brun. She was our beginners' superintendent and president of our 
Aid Society. She was keenly interested in every department of church 
work. She was also anxious that our Women's Work be more fully 
organized. In order to lend impetus to that work she held a mothers' 
meeting at her home Oct. 31 with twenty women present. Talks were 
given by Sisters Kreider, Richards and Wine, their subjects being. 
Mothers of Yesterday, Mothers of Today and Mothers of Tomorrow. 

These were much appreciated by all present. Nothing definite was 
done toward the future work, but Sister Filbrun expressed the hope 
that more might be accomplished in the years to come. Our district 
apportionment has been paid. We are scattered so that transporta- 
tion is one of the problems we have to face for anything that we at- 
tempt to do in the way of Women's Work. But now that Sister Fil- 
brun is gone, we feel that her life is still speaking to us, encouraging 
us to press on and do more and better work for Christ and his king- 
dom. — Mrs. Maude Puterbaugh, Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 15. 

Chippewa. — On July 19 our Sunday-school had an outing at the 
Wooster city park. The children were especially happy and enjoyed 
the day. A Vacation Church School was held July 30 to Aug. 10. 
Four Manchester College students had charge under the leadership 
of Kenneth Long of Akron, Ohio; they were assisted by home talent. 
The school closed with an exhibit of handiwork. The average at- 
tendance was sixty-three. As an immediate result there is an in- 
creased attendance at Sunday-school in the children's department. 
Sept. 1-3 the district B. Y. P. D. conference was held at the Springfield 
church and a large delegation from this congregation was in at- 
tendance. Sept. 30 the installation service for all newly elected church 
and Sunday-school officers was held. Following this was the promo- 
tion service; each child received a certificate of promotion. A former 
elder, T. S. Moherman, brought us the morning message. Oct. 7 was 
rally day with an attendance of 144. Following the Sunday-school 
period, Bro. S. A. Showalter led a consecration service for the babies 
of the Cradle Roll, after which he gave the morning sermon. At 2 
P. M. the young people gave the Fivefold Order of Service. Then 
followed a discourse on Christian Living by Bro. C. A. Helm of the 
Ashland Dickey church. In the evening was the communion with 
Bro. Helm officiating. Oct. 10-12 the district conference convened at 
this place. It was an inspiration to have such a fine gathering of 
workers in our midst. Nov. 23 a father and son supper was held at 
the church. Bro. A. Dodge of the Black River church and Bro. Glen 
McFadden of Mansfield were the principal speakers. The Sisters' Aid 
has been busy with different phases of work. Sister Fasnight is the 
president for the coming year. There was a Thanksgiving service at 
the church at 9: 30 A. M. under the auspices of the missionary com- 
mittee. An offering was lifted for home missions. The Sunday-school 
enrollment is gradually growing with a steady increase in the average 
attendance. There is a decrease in tardiness; this is due largely we 
believe to the well prepared worship programs directed by our su- 
perintendent, Mrs. Ruth Irvin Leaman.— Mrs. Flora Hoff, Wooster, 
Ohio, Dec. 17. 

DoiMiels Creek church met in business session Dec. 12. Officers were 
elected on the various boards for the coming year. Nov. 26 Bro. J. 
Edson L'lery began a series of evangelistic services which continued 
for two weeks. The Bible lessons and sermons were very interesting 
and helpful and caused many to read their Bible more carefully. The 
interest and attendance were good throughout the two weeks. One 
Sunday-school scholar accepted Christ. Oct. 20 a love feast was en- 
joyed with Bro. Harley Coppock officiating. Sept. -S Bro. Glen Funder- 
burg was reelected Sunday-school superintendent with Bro. Harold 
Brunk, assistant. — Ruth Dresher, Springfield, Ohio, Dec. 14. 

Georgetown church met in council Dec. 1 with Bro. Blessing in 
charge. Church officers were selected and other items of business 
taken care of. Bro. S. A. Blessing of West Milton was unanimously 
chosen to serve as elder for two years.— Nora D. Spitler, Laura, Ohio, 
Dec. 17. 


Thomas. — We have just closed a two and one-half weeks' meeting 
with Bro. and Sister O. H. Austin of McPherson, Kans., in charge. 
During this time twenty-one confessed Christ; eighteen have been re- 
ceived by baptism and three await the rite. In this group is an entire 
family of five. This meeting was very unusual in that a majority of 
those coming into the church were young people and adults, only two 
v/ere under twelve years of age. The sincere efforts of the Austins 
along with their pleasing personalities and a genuine love for souls 
have won for them a big place in the hearts of the Brethren at 
Thomas. They gave unstintingly of their time in calling and of their 
talent in preaching, singing, reading and story telling. We are in- 
deed glad to have had them with us. The meetings closed with a 
love feast on Dec. 17 with Bro. Austin officiating. — Haven Hutchison, 
Thomas. Okla., Dec. 18. 


Albiuiy.— Sept. 10 Bro. D. B. Eager of Falfurias, Tex., preached for 
us in the morning. Nov. 25 the children of the church school gave us 
some Thanksgiving numbers, after which Eld. H. H. Ritter delivered 
the message. Bro. Ritter has been with us a number of times dur- 
ing the past months and each time gives us splendid food for thought. 
Dec. 2 Eld. Chas. Barklow of Myrtle Point delivered an inspiring 
message. A number of our members have moved away during the 
summer and fall months and left us few in number. Bro. Stanley 
Keller, who took up the work here Sept. 1, has endeared himself to all 
and is giving us very practical messages from time to time. To show 
our appreciation a social was given in his honor on Dec. 11. Special 
numbers of music were given and games played by children, young 
people and adults. Our church house looks splendid in its new coat 
of white paint; this work was sponsored by the Ladies' Aid and the 
men of the church. Bro. E. S. Coffman, district evangelist, will be- 
gin meetings in the Albany church on Dec. 27. — Mrs. D. H. Holl, Cor- 
vallis, Ore., Dec. 17. 

Weston. — We have just completed a ten day evangelistic campaign 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 

with Bro. E. S. Cotfman and wife trom Elgin, 111., as our evangelists. 
One was received in»o the church by baptism. We had a fine spirit- 
ual meeting and we feel that the community has been helped spir- 
itually bv having Bro. Coffman and wife with us. — Mrs. E. E. Tucker, 
Weston. Ore., I>ec. IT. 


AaBville.— Nov. 10 and 11 we held our love least. Brethren Samuel 
Hess and Abraham Price were our visiting ministers, the latter of- 
liciating. Both ministers brought us rich messages- On the Sunday 
evening following the love feast we opened evangelistic meetings which 
continued for two weeks. Our evangelist was Bro. David Snadcr from 
Akron who gave us powerful and inspiring gospel messages. During 
the meetings there were six confessions and on the following Sunday 
seven were received into the church through baptism. Bro. B. W. S. 
Ebersole from Hershcy preached our Thanksgiving sermon. The 
H. V. P. D. is sponsoring a week-end conference Jan. 12 and 13. The 
guest speakers will be Faye Moyer, missionary to Africa and Akin- 
tunde B. Dipeolu. native of Lagos, Nigeria, now a student at New 
York Vniversity. — Esther G. Buchcr, Annvillc, Pa., Dec. 17. 

Coaewaifo church met in council Sept. 30 at the Concwago house. ]n 
September we observed the eightieth anniversary of the Concwago 
church with Brethren Samuel Hcrtzler, Hiram Eshclman and A. C. 
B.iugher bringing interesting messages. Children's meeting was at 
Concwago with Bro. John Hershman as speaker. We also had a 
children's meeting at the Bachmanville house with Bro. Robert Cock- 
lin present; both speakers gave interesting talks. Our love feast was 
held Nov. 10 and 11 at the Bachmanville house. Brethren Samuel 
Hertzler. Hiram Kaylor. Paul Myers and I. N. H. Beahm were present. 
the last named officiating. In the evening of Nov. 11 Bro. Beahm be- 
gan a two weeks' revival meeting; he preached very inspiring ser- 
mons. Two accepted Christ and one renewed his fellowship. — Florence 
K. Gibble. Hershey. Pa.. Dec. 1-4. 

Lanc&ster church has had some special spiritual experiences during 
the past several weeks. Nov. -) we observed our love feast with the 
pastor. Bro. M. J. Weaver, officiating. Nov. 17 and IS a young peo- 
ple's conference was held, the theme of which was Jesus, My Lord, 
Your Lord. Percy Crawford of Philadelphia and his gospel quartet 
rendered the Saturday evening program. E. S. Kiracofe of Elizabeth- 
town College delivered three addresses during the conference on: The 
Christ of the Mount. Remember Now Thy Creator and Life at Its 
Best. The young people were invited to a lunch served by the Lan- 
caster B. Y. P. D. A vesper service was also held at which Bro. John 
Hershey of Lititz gave an inspiring message. These and numerous 
other features on the program helped to make the conference a great 
inspirational meeting to both young and old. Nov. 2S we were for- 
tunate to have the Bittingers with us. Bro. Bittinger gave a mes- 
sage en Peace during the morning service. In the evening Sister Bit- 
tinger gave an interesting account of how they spent a certain Sun- 
day in Africa, and Bro. Bittinger preached for us. Dec. 5 the church 
met in council. A committee was appointed to consider the adoption 
of a suggestive plan for members when making wills, to leave parts of 
estates for missions or other church work. A building committee 
was also appointed to formulate a plan for the provision of greater 
Sunday-school facilities. The seventy-five per cent membership plan 
for the Messenger was also adopted. The missionary committee is 
planning for a six weeks' school of missions to be held Sunday even- 
ings instead of the regular services. There will be a sermonette each 
evening at the close of the school. Bro. Weaver, our pastor, will be 
superintendent of the school. Classes will be formed to accommo- 
date all ages. — Mrs. Henry Buchcr, Lancaster, Pa., Dec. 14. 

Little Swatara.— Our love feast was held Oct. 21 and 22 with Eld. 
Chas. Cassel officiating. A number of ministers were present. Nov. 25 
three members of the Elizabethtown Volunteer Band conducted the 
morning service at the Frystown house. On Thanksgiving morning 
Eld. E. M. Wenger preached the sermon. In the evening the -welfare 
board rendered a program. Eld. J. H. Longenccker brought an in- 
'piring message. Our council was held Dec. 15. The certificate of 
Bro. Elias Frantz, a former minister in the Mycrstown congregation, 
was accepted.— Elizabeth Meyer, Myerstown, Pa., Dec. 17. 


Pleasant HiH. — The young people of our community are very active. 
In -Xugu^t the Walnut Hill Christian Endeavor gave a program which 
was returned by our B. Y. P. D. in September. A surprise birthday 
party was sponsored by the young people for Bro. Garst in September. 
In October our pastor and wife entertained the young people at Span- 
glcrs Meadow. Thanksgiving evening Bro. Garst and Bro. Robt, Smith, 
a Presbyterian minister of Blucfield, W. Va., gave us splendid talks. 
A fellowship .liuppcr was served by the Ladies' Aid in the church in 
October. The men gave an interesting program. We have installed a 
heating plant for the church. Sister Garst is planning a special mcs- 
«age in music for Christmas, and our B. V. P. D. will take a program 
to Plca«ani Valley church on Dec. 16— Maxine Holt, Indian Springs, 
T'-nn., Dt. 6. 


Antiocb.^Our church experienced one of its greatest spiritual bless- 
ings recently when Bro, J. S. Showalter and wife were with us dur- 
ing our communion. We were very fortunate to have Bro. F. E, 
Williar, Daleville, Va.. give the illustrated lecture on Temperance 
Education Nov. 22. By the help of local talent the play, "What Shall 
It Profit?'' wai sponsored at two of our high schools in the commu- 

nity. Bro. Harold Row brought an impressive Thanksgiving mes- 
sage. Our otTcring was divided between general home missions and 
ilistrict missions. At our church council Dec. 1 the men's organiza- 
tion accepted the responsibility of trying to place the Messenger in 
75 per cent of the homes. The church decided to bear the expense of 
our live ministers to the Bible school held at Daleville Academy in 
Kclnuary. The Bible reading course according to the outline of the 
Board of Christian Education is being carried out with a great deal of 
enthusiasm. Our school is divided into three groups: adults, yi>ung 
people and juniors, each group trying to have the largest percentage of 
readers. Our Sunday-schoiil is sponsoring n Christmas program en- 
titled "Christmas Through the Ages." — Eunice Naff, Booue Mill, Va., 
Dec. 6. 

Peters Creek. — Nov. 6 Bro. Levi Ziegler of Waynesboro. Pa., began 
a meeting here. The crowds and interest were good throughout the 
meeting His splendid sermons, which appealed to thinking people, 
were an inspiration and uplift to our church. We feel that much 
good has been accoinplished by Bro. Ziegler's having been with us. 
One applicant for baptism was received. With the reorganization the 
work is moving along nicely. Our junior leaders are Sisters Ruth 
riunkctt and Ruth NafT. Regular members' meeting was held Dec. 5. 
The most important business in this meeting was working out a plan 
for the purpose of getting The Gospel Messenger in each home in this 
congregation. — Cleo S. Nolley, Roanoke, Va.. Dec. 11. 

Unity congregation met in council Nov. 2. Officers and committees 
were chosen for the coming year: Bro. Jacob Huffman, B. Y. P. D. 
president; Bro. Isaac Zigler, Messenger correspondent. Bro. Howard 
Alley, returned missionary from India, spoke for us on Sunday morn- 
ing, Oct. 14. Bro. Ira Petre, student from Bridgewatcr College, spoke 
for us Nov. 25. A number of Student Volunteers from Bridgewater 
College rendered an interesting program for us on Sunday morning, 
Dec. 9. Our Thanksgiving service was in charge of Eld. S. D. Zigler. 
A complete distribution of the Thanksgiving envelopes was made in 
our congregation, resulting in an ofTering of $82.90. Our B. Y. P. D. 
rendered the playlet. Thanksgiving Ann, at two different places in our 
own congregation; it was also given as an exchange program in two 
adjoining congregations. — Ida Brower Roller, Timbcrville, Va., Dec. 11. 

Boone Mill.— Nov. 20 Bro. F. E. Williar gave an illustrated temper- 
ance lecture. On the following Sunday night the temperance play. 
What Shall it Profit? was presented in the high school auditorium to 
a large audience. In connection with the play Bro. Williar made a 
strong appeal to the Christian people to take an aggressive stand for 
the abolition of alcoholic drinks. The Ladies' Aid has just closed an 
apron contest which was held for the purpose of raising some needed 
funds to be used locally and for missions. Twenty-five aprons were 
brought in and the donations totaled $192.88. The winning side will be 
given a dinner. — Mrs. Gladys F. Greene, Boone Mill, Va., Dec. 14. 

Mt. Joy church met in council Dec. 1, Bro. H. A. Hoover presiding. 
He also gave us a much appreciated message on Dec. 2. Prayer 
service has been organized by the men. Bro. O. L. Bryan assisted by 


a Will 

Get good legal help that your will may be 
properly made. To remember missions in your 
will the following form of bequest is recom- 
mended : 

" I give and bequeath to the General Mission 
Board of the Church of the Brethren, a cor- 
poration of the State of Illinois, with its prin- 
cipal office at Elgin, Kane County, Illinois, 
its successors and assigns, forever, the sum 

of dollars ($ ) to be 

used for the purpose of the said Board as 
specified in its charter." 

Gerxeral Mi-ssiorv Board 

* £lgir\.Illmoii 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 


Bro. R. M. Clutter conducted a two weeks' revival Nov. 18 to 25 at 
Bethel church house, a mission point of Mt. Joy. The meeting was 
a great success. Much interest was shown by all who attended. Some 
wonderful help was given by the Selma choir which was enjoyed very 
much. As a result there were seventeen confessions; six were added 
to the church by baptism, three reinstated and three await baptism. 
The baptismal service was held Dec. 9 in the Buchanan Baptist church 
by Bro. L. S. Newcomb of Rocky Point. — Mrs. O. N. Camper, Buchan- 
an, Va., Dec. 18. 


Olympia church held its fall communion service on Nov. 24 with 
Bro. H. D. Michael, our new pastor, officiating. Bro. Geo. Ashenbren- 
Tier of Spokane, Wash., and Brother and Sister C. H. Barklow of 
Myrtle Point, Ore., were our guests at the communion. Bro. Barklow 
preached twice for us during his visit to Olympia. Thanksgiving Day 
was observed in our city by union services at 11 A. M., and in the 
evening we had a fellowship service in our own church. A good pro- 
gram was rendered following which our Aid Society served light 
refreshments. The Aid held its autumn food sale and bazaar on 
Dec. 8 which brought in the sum of $24. The girls' sewing club held 
a novelty sale at the same time; their returns amounted to $6.80. — 
Mrs. Rachel Michael, Olympia, Wash., Dec. 14. 

Omak. — Nov. 23 we enjoyed an all-day harvest and thanksgiving 
service. Bro. Lee Crist, pastor of the Ellisforde church, preached the 
morning sermon. A program was rendered in the afternoon. At our 
Sisters' Aid meeting Dec. 6 officers were elected for the coming year. 
Sister B. E. Breshears was reelected president. We decided to meet 
twice a month, the first Thursday of the month for sewing and the 
third for a missionary program. We met in council Dec. 7. Eld. 
C. E. Holmes was with us and assisted in the ordination of Bro. Earl 
Swallom to the ministry. Dec. 16 we were privileged to have with us 
three members of our District Board: Brethren Jay Eller, Orville 
Booth and Jesse Dunning, who brought us helpful messages. — Flor- 
ence Breshears, Omak, Wash., Dec. 19. 

Wenatchee Valley. — The church work here is progressing very 
nicely under the pastorate of Brother and Sister H. S. Will; they 
have been with us since June 1. Nov. 30 we celebrated the fifth 
anniversary of the dedication of our church. The ladies met for Aid 
while the men cut wood; in the evening others came and supper was 
served to a large crowd. A suitable program was given, closing with 
a consecration service conducted by our elder, Jay Eller. Dec. 2 
missionary day was observed with a splendid sermon in the morning. 
In the evening a play was given under the auspices of the Women's 
Work. This was followed by a baptismal service in which a young 
man and a mother gave their lives to Christ. The missionary offer- 
ing for October and November was $188. At the business meeting on 
Dec. 3 Brother and Sister Galen Leavell were called to the office of 
deacon. Bro. E. S. CofTman will be with us in February to conduct a 
meeting. — Mrs. O. A. Travis, Wenatchee, Wash., Dec. 14. 

The Church of the Brethren 

Formerly Called Dunkers 

1. This body of Christians originated in the eighteenth century, the 
church being a natural outgrowth of the Pietistic movement following 
the Reformation. 

2. Firmly accepts and teaches the fundamental evangelical doctrines 
of the inspiration of the Bible, the personality of the Holy Spirit, the 
virgin birth, the deity of Christ, the sin-pardoning value of his atone- 
ment, his resurrection from the tomb, ascension and personal and 
visible return, and resurrection both of the just and unjust (John S: 
28, 29; 1 Thess. 4: 13-18). 

3. Observes the following New Testament rites: Baptism of penitent 
believers by trine immersion for the remission of sins (Matt. 28: 19; 
Acts 2:38); feet-washing (John 13:1-20; 1 Tim. 5:10); love feast 
(Luke 22:20; John 13:4; 1 Cor. 11:17-34; Jude 12); communion (Matt. 
26:26-30); the Christian salutation (Rom. 16:16; Acts 20:37); proper 
appearance in worship (1 Cbr. 11:12-16); the anointing for healing in 
the name of the Lord (James 5: 13-18; Mark 6: 13); laying on of hands 
(Acts 8:17; 19:6; 1 Tim. 4:14). These rites are representative of 
spiritual facts which obtain in the lives of true believers and as such 
are essential factors in the development of the Christian life. 

4. Emphasizes daily devotion for the individual and family worship 
for the home (Eph. 6:18-20; Philpp. 4:8, 9); stewardship of time, 
talents and money (Matt. 25:14-30); taking care of the fatherless, 
widows, poor, sick and aged (Acts 6: 1-7). 

5. Opposes on Scriptural grounds: War and the taking of human 
life (Matt. 5:21-26, 43, 44; Rom. 12:19-21; Isa. 53:7-12); violence in 
personal and industrial controversy (Matt. 7:12; Rom. 13:8-10); in- 
temperance in all things (Titus 2:2; Gal. 5:19-26; Eph. 5:18); going 
to law, especially against our Christian brethren (1 Cor. 6: 1-9); divorce 
and remarriage except for the one Scriptural reason (Matt. 19: 9); 
every form of oath (Matt. 5:33-37; James 5:12); membership in secret, 
oath-bound societies (2 Cor. 6:14-18); games of chance and sinful 
amusements (1 Thess. 5:22; 1 Peter 2:11; Rom. 12:17); extravagant 
and immodest dress (1 Tim. 2:8-10; 1 Peter 3:1-6). 

6. Labors earnestly in harmony with the Great Commission, for the 
evangelization of the world, for the conversion of men to Jesus Christ, 
and for the realization of the life of Jesus Christ in every believer 
(Matt. 28:18-20; Mark 16:15, 16; 2 Cor. 3:18). 

7. Maintains the New Testament as its only creed, in harmony with 
which the above brief statement is made. 


V V VW V V V V" V V VV V V V W" V" W V V V V V V V V V V* V V V V V V •** V 











Archer Wallace Comes Again 

with a new and entrancing book fully up to his 
other popular books. 

Deeds of Daring 

tells you the stories of those who have done the 
unusual in a most excellent way. If you do not 

like this book simply send it back and your money 
will be refunded. But you will not send it back. 
You'll turn to these pages again and again. Their 
message grips. 

bv Archer Wallace are — 


Other gripping books 

Adventures in Air 
Stories of Grit 
More Stories of Grit 
Overcoming Handicaps 
Boys Who Made Good 

Hands Around the World 
Blazing New Trails 
Heroes of Peace 
Mothers of Famous Men 
Men Who Played the Game 



Poor Men Who Made Us Rich 
All these are uniformly priced at $1.00 

When You Are Looking for . 

a Bible or New Testament — - 

a book for children, young people 

adults — 
supplies for your church or school — 
collection envelopes and plates — 
Sunday-school papers for all ages — 
a good religious paper — 
maps, blackboards, globes — 
an Al cook book — 
a dollar dictionary — Write to the 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 











Matthe'w^ Henry's ji 

*^ Commentary on the Bible ^^ | 


Six volumes, cloth, carriage extra. 


Two features of this edition call for special attention: 
First, the moderate size of the volumes; second, the large 
type (larger than in any previous edition). CHher features 
are the excellent printing and substantial binding. 

"There is nothing to be compared with old Matthew 
Henry's Commentary for pungent and practical applications 
of the teachings of the text." — The Sunday-school Times. 

A new large type edition. Size of page approximately 
SYixSyi. Six volumes in a box. 









>- A >.. >- > - -♦j A fc»< A >, A A A A A A A A A A A. >- >- >.. -♦ .. > - .♦- . ♦. >.. A j t^ >.. >.. > . .♦. >. >^ >, ■•■ > 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 5, 1935 


t Bound in Genuine Morocco King James Version Z 

I Features I 

'^* .... t 

Ihis Bible contains the followinj;- special Icatnres for Bible study — X 


To make the system of pronunciation as thorough as possible, every % 





syllable of the Proper Names is indicated and every vowel is diacritically 

marked. Note specimen of type. 

came in, and t'oinirl her dead, and, 
carryiiiG: /ur forth, buried her by 
lier husl)and. 

11 ^'And great fear camo upon all 
the church, and upon as many as 
heard tluvso tiiinps. 

12 H And "-by tlie hands of the 

R.>iii. lr>. 19. 
2 Cc.r. 12. li 
Heb. 2. i. 

' ch. n. n. 
& -1. M. 

' ch. 4. 18. 

& 12, 42. 

&1D. 38. 

'ch. 2. 47. 


Which point out parallel pas- 
sages throughout the Bible, mak- 
ing it possible to locate other 
passages on the same subject for comparison. 


In one alphabetical list the complete Concordance, Subject-Index, 
Scripture Proper Names, Obsolete and Ambiguous words. Names, Titles 
and Oflices of Christ. Life and work of Christ from Scripture texts. 


Carefully revised and beautifully colored. Picture the Land before the 
reader's eyes. 


Genuine Morocco, leather lined to edge, overlapping covers, red under 
gold edges. Size of page 5^ x 8^ inches. 

Elgin, Illinois 

♦ ' ! • ♦ ♦ ' X - 't' 'V ' V '!■ ■!• ■»■ 'V 'V »H^-^H'^*H>^*H"«-"H'*H"H' >H-"H"H**H"H"«'^>*H"?"H'^-"H"^ 'H'<-"H>*H*'H"H^*<'"H"H^''^*H' 

7676X, $6.50 

Ti^o Timely Books 

Problems oS Christian Family Life 

By George Walter Fiske 

.•\ stud}- of the Christian family for parents of 
today. Six live chapters by a live author for live 
parents. Every page abounds in good common 
sense. The problems treated are the ones which 
you as Christian parents meet every day in your 
own homes. Just KX) pages. Suitable for ind- 
\i'lii;il f.r grouj) study. Bound in paper, 40c. 

A book for Christian parents -who would build a 
Christian home 

Your Church Group Needs 

to study evangelism upon which depends the con- 
tiinied growth of your congregation. The book 
that will serve j'our purpose well is 

Evangelism for Today 

By Lin D. Cartwright 
Only Vj() pages — pointed, simple, thorough. 
Written so we common folks can understand, ap- 
preciate and practice. Get your supply of books, 
organize your group and study this most helpful 
trea'ise on the subject of ICvangclism. I'rice, .$1.00. 
The book live men and women will enjoy 

Brethren PubHshing House, Elgin, 111. 


























to try to run your Sunday-school without an ample 
supply of Brethren Literature which is especially 
prepared for your every need. 

Brethren Graded Lessons 

These may be used either as closely graded or as 
group graded lessons. Tried and approved by many 
Brethren Uniform Lessons 

Carefully edited to meet the need.s of the several de- 
partments of your school. Stress the essentials of the 
Brethren Teachers' Monthly 

A 4X-paEe magazine treating the Uniform Lessons, 
and furnishing the kind of material superintendents, 
teachers and leaders need in religious work. 
Our Young People 

An 8-|iaRe weekly that for 29 years has been a fav- 
orite witli young and old alike. A paper that makes 
friends everywhere. 
Our Boys and Girls 

A -l-page weekly that brings to boys and girls stories, 
jiuzzhs and handwork that spur them to do their best. 
In its fifty-eighth year. 
Our Children 

A -t-p.iKe weekly that delights the children with its 
pictures .ind simple storeis. Long known in Brethren 
ht,ni< s. 

The Gospel Messenger 

N<jr should you pass by the Gospel Messenger, a 32- 
jiage weekly, which begins its eighty-fourth volume 
tl)is year. No better church paper for your home. 

I"~or samples and prices of these ])iil)h'cations drop 
a card to 

Elgin, Illinois 

4.4.^„{.^^,{.,{..{.,}^,{^,{«j.^M{Mi.^Mj«H*'M'«H^^^^^*H*«H^*«{*^* ^"{•^"{•^^^•^^^^♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*H*^^'J'*H'<'^H'^^'^^*H 


Vol. 84 

Elgin, III, January 12, 1935 

No. 2 


^7./-^ ■ ■ 

A Bookmaker's Machine 

It takes more than a printing press to manufacture a book- Our pic- 
ture shows one of the man]) used in a modern printing plant like the 
Brethren Publishing House. This particular machine is called a rounder 
and backer, because it rounds and shapes the back of the unfinished 
book for receiving the cover. 


Editorial — 

The Best Day for Adjustment (E. F.) 3 

To One About to Die (H. A. B.) 3 

For Fifty-two Weeks of It (E. F.) 3 

The Christian Message and Task for Today.— No. 2 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

The Quiet Hour (G. B. R.) 17 

General Forum^ 

The Bible (Verse). By W. Lomax Childress 5 

Sharing Observations With the Home Church.— No. 11. By C. D. 
Bonsack 5 

Who Was to Blame? By Julia Graydon 7 

What Causes War?— No. 3. By Kermit Eby 8 

Some Florida Incidents.— No. 2. By J. H. Moore 9 

Military Training. By Robert J. Noflfsinger 10 

Teaching the Sermon on the Mount. By Paul Mohler 11 

A Church Member Meditates. By Dr. Charles C. Ellis 12 

Missions — 

Testing Faith at Bhat. By Sadie J. Miller 13 

What Have the Youth of Today a Right to Expect From Christian 

Women? By Florence B. Gibbel 13 

What to Pray For 14 

Junior Worship Program 1 14 

News From the Field. By Florence M. Bollinger 15 

Home and Family — 

Emmaus (Verse). By Myra Brooks Welch 18, 

Ellen's Sheaves. By Ada Cassell Sell 18 

A Library Pocket. By Chester E, Shuler 19 

The Preacher's Wedding Responsibilities 20 

Evening Prayer. By Arlo Gump 21 

Bits of Brotherliness. By Paul F. Bechtold 21 

The Church at Work — 

Shepherding the Flock; Tlie Question of Giving; Constructive Forces 
in Society; The Choice of Tycho Brahe; The Munitions Inquiry 
Recess; Our Peace Convictions; The Fine Art of Motherhood; A 
Worth-while Project for Men; More About Leaders; Reasons for 
a Church Centered Club 22-25 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 


111 a cliui'cli of iiortlieru Micliigau scattered families are keeping 
Gospel Messexgeii niglit, or setting aside one evening per Aveek during 
the winter months for home reading of the church paper. 

Many of our isohited church members show a surprising IvUOAvledge 
of and interest in what the whole church is doing. A simple question re- 
veals the explanation. They are readers of The Gospel Messenger. 

Unexpectedly confined to a hospital bed or to a wheel chair, it fre- 
(lueiitly happens that the casual reader of the Messenger is surprised at 
what inspiration and geniiine pleasure his church paper can bring to 

YoH, too, can think on tvhatsoever things are true, honorable, just, 
pure, lovely and of good report. Keep the Messenger coming. It is a good 
paper for good homes. 


^SPEL Messenger 


Enter my subscription for The Gospel Messenger, 
to pay for one year at the regular rate. 


Inclosed find $2 

Street or Route 



n Check here if you want details of our economical club rate for 
churches getting the Messenger in not less than 75% of the resi- 
dent families. 




H. A. BRANDT— /l55K/an< Editor 

Vol. 84 

Elgin, III, January 12, 1935 

No. 2 


The Best Day for Adjustment 

Did you observe " Adjustment Monday " ? Hadn't 
heard of it? Then that's too bad. It was the last day 
of the old year. On that day you were supposed to 
list your contributions to religious and educational work 
in 1934 and see how the total compares with what you 
should have done. If it doesn't measure up very well, 
doesn't show much excess of sacrificial love for the 
kingdom of God you are advised to make whatever 
adjustment may be necessary. 

Sounds much like the good old doctrine of self- 
examination. It surely looks like a good idea and if 
you failed to get it done December 31, the Messenger 
recommends that you do it now. Indeed things get out 
of order so quickly that there may be something need- 
ing adjustment by this time anyway. It does not have 
to be done on Monday. Saturday is another good day 
and we know of four or five others. 

In the light of such contacts with life as we have had 
we should say that the very best day of all for adjust- 
ment is today. e. f. 

To One About to Die 

What can we who wait, say to one who must die? 
To one who knows that tomorrow, or in a week at most 
death is a certainty ? Of course, few have come to ma- 
turity without narrow escapes. But such experiences 
are not to be compared with the feelings which arise 
with the knowledge that the tides of poison are closing 
in on the heart and brain. 

And when all this comes in what should be the prime 
of Hfe, man's complacency is shaken indeed. So we 
do not wonder that you went to pieces when grieved 
hearts broke the sad news to you as gently as they 
knew how. There were so many things you had 
planned to do, so many happy days that you saw in 
prospect. Then came the word that this could not be. 

So you wept. And so do we all, as you are drawn 
so swiftly toward the inevitable. 

How little can we offer, we who may remain for a 
time ! We can minister to your physical needs as ten- 
derly as possible. We can hide our grief and keep your 
room cheerful and fragrant with flowers. We can bid 
you to be of good courage, to be as the stout-hearted of 
old. We can urge you to keep the faith, trusting im- 
plicitly in the only One who can help in such times. 
Yet all this does not change the fact that you must go. 

We were thrilled at the way you got hold of yourself 
after the first shock, when we saw there was a spirit in 
you which made it possible for you to smile as you 
faced the supreme ordeal. So it is that you may do 
more for us than we can do for you. In your last lucid 
hours you are able to judge the values of life a bit more 
exactly. You can say with more authority what seems 
to be finally worth while. Then share with us this in- 
sight. Help us to live so wisely today that we shall not 
fear to die tomorrow. h. a. b. 

For Fifty-two Weeks of It 

This was the week of prayer. Are you glad it's 
over? Or did it possibly not give you much extra 
work ? 

Special weeks and special days can be so useful. And 
so useless, if not worse. Useless, if we pay no atten- 
tion to them. Worse, if we make of them excuses for 
neglecting all the rest of the year the virtues and values 
they are meant to foster. 

Suppose we try to avert such a calamity this time. 
We can do it by carrying over into all the other weeks 
the new increment of high resolve just gained. An out- 
line for daily guidance in the observance of the week 
was published in our columns two weeks ago. It was 
full of wholesome counsel which we shall not repeat 
here but we want you to think again of two features of 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, General Manager. 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. Acceptance for mailing 
at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 20, 1918. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12. 1933 

First of these was the four factors which the jMayor 
ought to indude. Could you iianio thcni without look- 
iug iheni up? Thoy wore jn-aise ami thanksgiving-. 
penitence and confession, prayer for ourselves, pravcr 
for others. It should he understood that prayer in the 
last two means petition. 

But true jM-ayer is much more than petition and the 
ample recog^nition of this fact is what we especially like 
about this outline. Our prayintr tends too much to mere 
asking:. It should he hrst of all the overflow of the soul 
in api>reciation of God. " Oh. that men would praise 
the Lord for his goodness and for his wonderful works 
to the children i>f men." The contemplation of " our 
Father's world." of his guiding hand in human expe- 
rience and, above all, of the disclosure of his character 
and purpose for mankind in Jesus Christ, should move 
us so deeply that daily adoration and thanksgiving be- 
come instinctive, inevitable. It is not alone that praise 
is comely but its influence on the petition element in 
prayer is most wholesome. The more we appreciate the 
greatness and goodness of God and the beauty of holi- 
ness the more likely we are to ask wisely when we pray. 

Another neglected factor of the suggested four is 
penitence and confession. We do not repent enough to 
do good praying. O yes, we do riiake confession of our 
sins in a general way. but how many of us take time and 
serious thought in an honest effort to discover what our 
sins may be? And aren't we most proficient anyway 
at confessing other people's sins, rather than our own? 

Here, too, the praying value is twofold. We must 
repent and make confession in order that God may hear 
us. \\^e must be cleansed before we can receive the 
coveted blessing. The other value is that we must see 
ourselves as we are, sins and all, before we can know 
our greatest need and what to pray for. 

The second thing we wished to note especially was 
the theme for the week of prayer: our undeveloped 
spiritual resources. And what a theme! What pos- 
sibilities it holds before us. Already we are sons of 
God of some sort but it has not yet appeared what we 
can be, shall be, when we are like him and see him as 
he is. There are powers latent in us which the kingdom 
needs so much. And capacities for enjoyment. They 
are undeveloped. Prayer will hcl]) mightily to develop 
them, if it is the real thing, if it is the all-controlling, 
all-consuming passion of the soul. And if we practice 
it. not one week of the year hut tifty-two. ic. f. 

The Christian Message and Task for Today 
2. Renewed Faith in God and Loyalty to Christ 

God's revelation of himself in Ifoly .Scripture and his 
continued guiding presence in the history of the Chris- 
tian church give us faith to believe that in the very tur- 
moil of our age the eternal God is present and seeking 

even now to reveal himself to men anew in fresh and 
vital ways. " God is not dead nor doth he sleep." His 
creative presence in the physical universe is being made 
l^lain to us more clearly day by day through the increas- 
ing insights of science into the vast orderliness of na- 
ture, while the power and inevitability of his moral 
laws stand out in ever sharper outline as we come to 
recognize his guiding and redemptive activity in the 
history of men and nations. Increasingly we come to 
see his laws not only in the natural order but in human 
relations, in economics and social welfare and moral 
standards. We can no more evade these moral laws of 
God than we can ignore the laws of chemistiy and 
physics. " We can not break God's laws, we can only 
break ourselves against them." " Nothing is so power- 
ful as an idea whose hotir has struck," and we believe 
that the hour has struck for a positive and commanding 
summons to our generation to recognize, honor and 
obey the living, ever-present, eternal and contemporaiy 
God whose voice, heard of old through prophets and 
apostles, comes afresh to men today out of the very 
events and issues of these times. Until we find the 
God who is working out his purposes in spite of all the 
personal and social sins in the world, and are found of 
him, we begin at no beginning, we work to no end. But, 
with the church's historic experience of God renewed 
and reilluminated in our own day, we go forward un- 

And, not only so, but God's supreme revelation of 
himself in the person, life and work of Jesus Christ 
fits this age with renewed and increasing authority. The 
adecjuate and convincing presentation of the significance 
for us of his life, his death upon the cross and his tri- 
umph over death is needed as never before. Christ's 
way of the cross opens up before us more clearly than 
ever as the only path to the redemption of the race from 
the specific evils of our day. Moreover, the wistful- 
ness for God and spiritual comfort which sometimes 
emerges rather surprisingly in modern life and is ex- 
pressed in the new awakening toward worship and the 
sense of need of personal adjustment to spiritual values 
testifies that the Holy Spirit of God has not ceased to 
strive with men but still bears witness to the unquencha- 
ble yearning for God in the depths of the human heart. 

Ciod's revelation of himself in Christ, therefore, calls 
again to this age to accei)t his way of life, his .standard 
of values and, above all, the redemptive spirit of his 
cross in all the relationship.s- of business, citizenship, 
w(jrld brotherhood and Christian fellowship. We can 
not be loyal to him and not be deeply moved by the con- 
trast between his law of love and the actual condition of 
the world. — Dayloii Mccliiitj of the Federal Council. 

"Love worlceth no ill to his neighbor: love therefore is 
the fulfilment of the law" (Rom. 13: 10). 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 


The Bible 


Scattered as the leaves are blown, 
Books are written, bound and torn, 
And forgotten they at last. 
Into time's refuse are cast — 

Books that have no power in truth 
To preserve immortal youth. 
Tomes of learning worldly wise. 
Only for these mortal eyes. 

There is one with golden pages 
Telling of the "Rock of Ages," 
Telling past the gain and loss 
Of the glory of the cross. 

In it is the soul's release. 
In it is the way of peace. 
In it is the Spirit's call. 
To the Christ as all in all. 

To the hungry it is bread. 
By it thirsty ones are led 
To a fountain full and free. 
Sparkling to eternity. 

'Tis the Book of God's own choosing 
That the Spirit-wise are using: 
Promise, prophecy and leaven. 
Happiness and home and heaven. 

Singer Clen, Va. 

Sharing Observations With the Home Church 

Secretary of the General Mission Board 

Eleventh Installment 
October jj. Late last night Bro. Heckman came 
from Marama to have us return there to face a new is- 
sue in our problem in understanding and cooperation 
in mission policy. So we were ofif toward Marama 
forty miles away, but stopped at an important out- 
station at Kwajafa on the way to visit their school and 
dispensary ; both are in charge of a native Christian. 
This seems to be a promising location, and while these 
boys seem young, they appear to be doing some good 
work. Arriving at Marama at noon we went into a 
conference in the afternoon and attempted further solu- 
tion of some vexing problems. We feel some progress 
was made. We ate a splendid supper with the Helsers, 
after which another pleasant evening was spent in gath- 
ering up the tangled ends of the work of the afternoon. 
It is always a joy to face problems when the spirit of 
frankness and a desire for the right is felt in all con- 
ferees. Yet it is impossible to satisfy everybody 
when there are diflferences of opinion. But it is a joy 

to see those who may differ in opinions resolve to love 
in spite of these differences. We rejoice that there are 
those on the mission fields who have learned to follow 
this Christian attitude. 

November i. Up early and turn toward Garkida. 
The trip was concluded in a few minutes less than two 
hours, the road being in very good shape for the season. 
Arriving at Garkida we were first given our mail from 
home, and what a time mail day is on a mission field ! 
But even mail had to be laid aside to face a conference 
or two concerning our visit to Marama. After a few 
hours of this, we turned to reading our mail. Our 
minds were then back in America for a few hours and 
we rejoiced that there was no especially bad news and 
loved ones were reported all well. Plans were made for 
the tripl to Lassa next day and after investigation by 
Dr. Burke it was decided that we try to go by Ford 
car, rather than horseback, which would likely exclude 
Bro. Miller. To use horse would require a three or 
four days' ride in a tropical sun through the bush. 

November 2. Up at five o'clock to start for Lassa. 
No American would believe just what is necessary to go 
a distance of 112 miles in the bush when one is not 
sure whether he will get there today or three days 
hence. There were gasoline, repair kit, water, food, 
beds, baggage and all the rest. At last at 6: 15 o'clock 
we were on the way with the prayers of the Garkida 
folks, who remained at home. Dr. Burke was chauffeur 
with the three members of the deputation and a few as- 
sistants for emergencies, for ropes, chains, pick and 
shovel were all with us and needed to be used frequent- 
ly. The first fifty miles were encouraging and we felt 
certain we would reach Lassa in a day, but later we 
changed our minds. About 10 o'clock we reached our 
first difficulty. The Ford was in a bad mudhole, and 
Dr. Burke walked around it up to his knees in mud 
and water. After a long time help came and we 
were facing a river that meant at least the removing of 
shoes and socks if we intended to try to keep dry ; but 
we found that we could get across if trousers also 
would be removed ; so we decided to temporarily adopt 
the style of the country to travel across, which was 
quickly done; and the car, with the help of about 150 
citizens who had gathered to see the white man's meth- 
od of travel, was soon across also. The trailer was 
picked up and put on the heads of as many as could 
get under it and carried across with its load. After 
this experience we passed an English District officer in 
a government road house looking after taxes ; we 
stopped to see him and announce our presence in the 
country. His pity for us expressed itself in a generous 
supply of good English tea, and after a pleasant chat 
we were on the way. It is useless to go into details, ex- 
cept to say the above experience was repeated many 
times in crossing rivers, with enough other experiences 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12. 1935 

to give variety. Hro. Biubakor's baq:,2:age was sub- 
mergcil in one crossing and he placed his well lanndered 
wardrobe on tlie bnshes to (hv. Typewriters and 
jMiotographic equipment met tlie same fate, but we trust. 
like clotlies. tliey will come out all right. We were 
glad that cameras were all inconvenient or else there 
might have been some i">hotographs that would not have 
looked well on the front page of the Messkxger. We 
finally reached a government rest house by five-thirty 
in the evening. This was still twelve miles from T.assa, 
and here we decided to spend the night. Bro. Miller 
felt this was the most exciting experience on his jour- 
ney and was glad for it. Bro. Brubaker's feelings were 
at high tide, as usual ; even the soaking of his wardrobe 
had not affected seriously his ordinary jubilant spirits. 
The African chief in the village where we stayed over 
night is a great friend of the Mission at Lassa and he 
soon had a large supply of eggs and chickens for our 
evening meal ; but sleep was more urgent than chickens, 
so we had a feast of scrambled eggs and tea and fell 
asleep on our cots for a good night's rest. We slept 
under the stars of a beautiful night, grateful for the 
mercies of a kindly Father in the day's experiences. 

XovEMBER 3. Out again early to go the last twelve 
miles to Lassa for breakfast. At 5 : 40 o'clock we were 
off only to get submerged in a mudhole within a half 
mile, and we needed help to get out : but after this all 
was well until we were within three miles of Lassa, 
where we abandoned the car and went the further dis- 
tance on foot and horseback. We crossed the river once 
again on horses with only wet feet to show for the ex- 
perience and reached the mission compound at 8 : 30 m 
time for a good breakfast. This was followed by a much 
needed hath and change of clothing. One is deeply im- 
pressed with the many changes at this station since our 
visit of six years ago. which indicate a lot of hard work 
and helpful living on the part of somebody. The new and 
much larger hospital erected by the help and to the 
memory of Brother and .Sister Bashore of California 
was surrounded by many patients and attendants as we 
came in ; this is now in the care of Nurse Evelyn Horn, 
since Dr. Burke is temporarily at Garkida. The new 
residences are comfortable and more permanent. Broth- 
er and .Sister Kulp hospitably provided for our needs 
The many folks along the way indicate that the mis- 
sion station is well and favorably known and evidently 
reaching the people of this river valley, which because 
of its fertility is likely to attract increasingly the people 
from the surrounding hills and mountains. The day 
was a beautiful one and the rest of its hours were spent 
in getting acquainted and catching up with writing, 
which takes every moment that is not otherwise pro- 
vided for. 

November 7. Jt proved a beautiful Sunday morning. 
The winds indicated that the rainy season was past for 

this year. This promised to he a busy day in the many 
services of the mission. Last night we had an English 
service in the home of Bro. Kulp, while the natives had 
a service in the church. This is usually a weekly cus- 
tom at all mission stations. No matter how well we 
may learn atiothcr language there is much added per- 
sonal hel]) in worship to be able to think in one's own 
language. I was asked to lead this service and 
of course was very glad that it was in English. 
After this morning's prayers we assembled first 
with a group of about twenty-five who will in 
seven different groups visit some village during the 
day for worship. Then Bro. Brubaker talked to us 
helpfully in the morning worship. After this service 
twelve clean, serious-minded fellows were baptized in 
the stream near by. The weather, water and habits of a 
tro]:iical country like this always makes a baptism ad- 
ditionally impressive. After lunch Bro. Brubaker and 
I accompanied Bro. Kulp to a village about four 
miles distant. Here was a group of about forty folks 
who required tact and patience to get organized for any 
kind of a worship period ; but with a sense of spiritual 
values the skill of the missionary in an informal man- 
ner soon had a hearty response to the words of life. 
IMany pastors would find in such an experience how 
to meet those occasions when the congregation lacks 
the spirit of response to a well prepared devotional serv- 
ice. Previously arranged worship services would 
scarcely fit into any situation that is met in an African 
village. The ladies attended the evening services while 
the men cared for the " bairns " and discussed the many 
problems in missionary policy and work. 

November 5. This was the day we visited the hos- 
pital. What a lot of human suffering one sees in the 
dozens of folks who come to the hospital early in the 
day for relief ! In addition there are at the present time 
about twenty-five inpatients who are being treated for 
more serious difificulties. Nurse Evelyn Horn quietly 
goes about her task in a ministry of mercy and help. 
They are glad to see Doctor Burke return to look over 
the more serious cases. Here is a lady who comes for 
a wooden leg to replace the one amputated. This the 
doctor must make. Here are ulcers, blind eyes and all 
kinds of suffering to face. There is a general feeling of 
hope and gratitude around the hospital in the faces of 
those who are cared for and helped, which means all 
that come. But those who have land, cattle or other 
possessions are expected to pay something. Three shil- 
lings is suggested by the doctor to the husband of the 
woman who wants a wooden leg, as a reasonable ex- 
pression of his gratitude. He argues for a reduction 
to two (a shilling is 25c j. The doctor says: "You 
have cattle and land; do you not think your wife's 
leg is worth three shillings?" He finally accepts the 
doctor's figure to pay seventy-five cents for a leg that 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 

will cost many dollars in time and skill to make. Thus 
the days come and go here, with much need for lots of 
tact, love and professional skill to meet them. It was pay 
day for the help in the hospital. The wages are not big, 
but it requires a lot of time to keep accurate accounts. 
Miss Horn gives the money for the service rendered. 
One lad is fined a penny for getting into a fight with 
another. He seems disturbed as he faces the fact of re- 
duced wages; but the justice of it and the contract un- 
der which he works, as well as the fact that there are 
a hundred other boys to take his place, make the set- 
tlement final, and he goes away with almost as gracious 
a manner as the Christian lady who must administer dis- 
cipline with the payment of wages. What a lot of skill 
and patience a good missionary must have ! Yet how 
well most of them succeed through the contacts, sym- 
pathy and understanding of the need of this hungry 
people. What a joy, too, the donors of hospitals like 
this could have if they could see the many who come for 
hope and health and go away with both. The rest of 
the day was spent at the village market near by and in 
further tours of inspection about the gardens, shops, 
storehouses and elsewhere of which there are many 
around any mission station. One often wishes much 
of this could be avoided, but how can you live hun- 
dreds of miles from stores and markets without much 
on hand for emergencies ? The members of an Ameri- 
can family that has to patronize the near-by grocery on 

Who Was to Blame? 


A MAN hanged not long ago for a terrible crime said 
just before he left the world, " You have the right man ; 
I did it, but I was drunk at the time." 

He was drunk at that time, and probably at many oth- 
er times, for this was hardly his first offense. Let's go 
back to the beginning and find out how he started his 
career. Well, like many other boys, some one offered 
him a drink. He refused at first, perhaps, as many 
boys and girls do ; then he weakened as Satan drew a 
little nearer, and he took a sip. It tasted bad at first 
but he felt so good after he had taken the whole glass 
that it was not hard the next time, and there is a next 
time in such a career. 

The fact that he cried out, " You have the right 
man," shows that he was honest in his convictions and, 
had some one not tempted him, he would have lived 
a different life. 

Be careful how you tempt anyone to take that which 
you know will eventually wreck his whole life. 

The world today is full of tempters and the drink evil 
is rampant. We can help to put it down and thereby 
keep some men and women from the downward career. 

Harrisburg, Pa, 

Sunday morning because some one forgot to buy bread 
would starve in a mission field if they did not more 
wisely anticipate their needs — but they will not starve ! 

November 6. This is election day in America we re- 
member, but we have lost so much touch with the home- 
land that there is little political interest here and we 
trust the consequences of the election to those who are 
nearer the problems. In xA.frica it is Bro. Brubaker's 
birthday and a special cake greets him at the breakfast 
table, with a song as a real surprise ; and then he finds 
himself celebrating his birthday in Africa several hours 
before the day has arrived in California where wait his 
good wife and children. This was the day to visit the 
schools too. We attended the early daily prayers which 
all attend at 6 : 00 A. M. The next was a training class 
for all teachers before breakfast. After breakfast the 
first period was physical exercises. One is impressed 
with the importance of this work of unity and co- 
operation in a land where there are thousands of tribes 
and hundreds of languages. There can be no real broth- 
erhood until we can work together. The playground is 
a mighty force in the right direction. Following this 
the whole school had a period of Christian instruction 
directly with some phase of Bible teaching. Then fol- 
lowed periods of reading, arithmetic, writing, health and 
other facts of home and life. There were help for fam- 
ily life, instruction in weaving, rope making and other 
simple crafts of the country. There were about one 
hundred and sixty enrolled and thirty of these were 
girls and women. When properly related to the Chris- 
tian purpose and the life of the people, there is no more 
important task than that of the school in the early days 
of a mission. Another item of interest to your ob- 
servers was the inspection of reasonable cleanliness on 
the part of the principal African teacher. If hands or 
other part of the body seemed not duly cared for, pupils 
were sent to the near-by stream for further cleansing 
before they could enter the schoolroom. Since cleanli- 
ness is so close to godliness and means health and hap- 
piness for these people, one can not estimate the value 
of this bit of inspection. Moreover, it is one of the 
tasks that a trained African teacher can do so much 
better than a white man, and yet leave no wrong im- 
pressions. All of this accounts for the order and quiet 
about the daily tasks of the school and is no small part 
of the day's lessons. But again, like the hospital work, 
it takes more tact, observation and love to do the day's 
work well than the average man realizes. 

November 7. It was Wednesday, the day of rest 
among the Margi people. However, by action of the 
village chiefs in the villages around Lassa, they have 
changed it to our Sunday, so that the Christians may at- 
tend church. Such is one of the many effects of the 
gospel in unexpected ways. But in the villages farther 
away this is not yet true. So Brethren Kulp and Bru- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 

baker rido horseback nine miles away to speak to tlie 
villagers and make such other Christian contacts as niav 
help. Thev report later a good meeting with abont 
eighty in attendance and an unnsual interest. Such a 
trip means starting early and taking lunch and water to 
quench your thirst. Many of our grandfathers could 
easily recall similar days in America, ^^'hilo tliese were 
away others were busy around the mission compound. 
I tried through the interpretation of Dr. Burke to speak 
to Kulp's class of Christians on tlie importance of the 
communion and who is rightly eligible to engage in it. 
At the same hour several other classes were receiving 
Giristian instruction by Mrs. Kulp and other teachers 
who assist in the daily tasks of the school. The evening 
was the time for a regular weekly prayer meeting which 
was attended by a goodly group and addressed by Bro. 
Miller, after a native from each of two tribes tried to 
express their deeper feelings as to their appreciation of 
the gospel and the mission. It seemed a sincere appre- 
ciation of the deeper things of life that we too often in 
the West take for granted and forget. 

Xozriitbcr 8. This day we had to get all letters and 
mail ready to send off on the morrow. Some of us gave 
time to this, while Bro. Brubaker, whose mechanical 
skill and readiness to help, has blessed us in a lot of 
problems, accidents and emergencies, went to help get 
the Ford in shape for a trip to an important outstation 
tomorrow. When one sees the time and personnel 
necessar}- to c^re for a little w-estern machinery at a 
mission station, everj'body wishes we could be native 
entirely ; but since this is likely both impossible and un- 
wise, we just- neglect a lot of other things to look after 
it. But all agree that modern machinery ought to be 
kept at the minimum until natives are able and trained to 
care for it reasonably well. Bicycles and motorcycles 
are the best adapted to the locations in Africa un- 
til better roads come, which are rapidly developing un- 
der the urge of motor machinery in the West. At this 
point it must be admitted that the friends in the home 
churches unintentionally blunder, even more than the 
missionaries. Naturally they want to help by granting 
machines, plows, hoes and other things. Missionaries 
are too polite to refuse, for fear of being misunder- 
stood. Some of these things are useful, others not; 
better leave it with the missionary to decide at least. 
About 4 : 30 o'clock in the afternoon a man comes car- 
rj-ing a little boy baby in a gourd. The mother had just 
died in a near-by village. Nurse Evelyn Horn was just 
trying to make plans to attend the mission meeting to 
come in a week, by taking the smaller baby in the nurs- 
erj' and leaving the older ones with native care ; but now 
comes this one. Well, like a good missionary she .smiles 
and gives him a good bath and says : " I've got another 
to take along or stay home." That's but a part of the 
job, and daily these urgent needs must be faced with a 

smile and sufficient initiative to handle the situation. 
The real sacrifice of a good missionary is right here : to 
atljust your plans, conveniences and desires to meet the 
simple, daily needs of a backward people. To be kind 
and patient, thoughtful and wise, amid ignorance, dirt 
and often misunderstanding and ingratitude, require 
self-forgctfulness in taking second place or third — at 
which too many Christians at home have not yet become 
expert, but which is absolutely necessary on the mission 
field, if missionaries are able to live at all. Do not wor- 
ry about their food and houses ; the ordinary instinct 
of self-preservation cares for this in any live and virile 
youth, but do remember them daily that they may be 
able to minister in Christ's name to the thousand and 
one needs that come up almost daily. 

What Causes War 


///. Autarchy or Economic Self -Sufficiency 

In the past week we saw how peoples have struggled 
for food, pastures, wealth and resources. In modern 
times, the nations who have secured these benefits are 
anxious to maintain them. Those who lack try either to 
make up their deficiencies by acts of aggression as 
Japan did in Manchuria, or by the invention of substi- 
tutes as modern Germany is doing. 

This discrepancy in wealth causes the nations of the 
world, today, to struggle to maintain their advantages 
by tariffs for the protection of their internal markets, 
and to build great navies to maintain their foreign trade 

Few nations are so fortunate as to be economically 
self-sufficient. The United States, the British Empire, 
Russia, France and her colonies approximate it. Italy, 
Japan and Germany, since Versailles, represent the op- 
posite condition. 

As a result of the tariff wars and the intensified na- 
tionalism the nations of the world are attempting to 
make themselves economically self-sufficient so that 
they will be able during times of war to feed, clothe, and 
equip their armies. Modern Germany remembers the 
effect of the war blockade and is determined that in the 
next war she will be able to produce enough food. 
Japanese economists constantly emphasize the economic 
necessity of Manchurian resources and Chinese mar- 
kets. Undoubtedly Italy will, sooner or later, risk all 
for more territory in North Africa. 

At present, the world is divided into two groups : 

(1) The satiated, status quo, heavily armed, peace 
advocating groups, Britain, America and France. 

(2) The densely populated extremely nationalistic, 
fascist or semi-fascist states of Germany, Italy 
and Japan. 

The former group teach their peojjle to buy American, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 

British, or French, and divide the world into economic 
blocs which they protect by superior force. The latter 
group cut down the living standard of their peoples, 
march and wait for the next division of spoils. Such a 
situation is dangerous. As internal conditions become 
worse, unemployment increases, tempers become brittle, 
and the temptation to risk all in war increases. Or na- 
tions may do, as Japan did, engage in foreign adven- 
tures so as to rally the citizens of the nation around the 
flag and thus prevent internal strife. 

History is filled with examples of nations who broke 
into the economic vacuums of the world. Peace can 
not rest on the status quo and force, there must be an 
adjustment of raw materials and markets. Man will 
fight rather than starve. 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Some Florida Incidents 


In T%vo Parts — Part Tzvo 
About four years after the Brethren began settling 
in Sebring, and while I was still quite actively looking 
after the interests of the church, a brother, engaged in 
the mercantile business, introduced me to what he called 
his " new friend," a large rugged looking man, a typical 
pioneer, from what is known as Istokpoga section, fully 
eighteen miles east of Sebring, in fact an extended 
prairie section, where roam hundreds of native cattle, 
and where there is a large lake, fifteen miles long and 
half the distance wide — a lake abounding in fish. It 
was then considered a pretty wild section, all the people 
natives and none too well cultured. 

Our merchant brother said that while hunting and 
fishing he had found this new friend, and that he 
wanted some of our preachers to come down and do 
some preaching for the people of his community. Get- 
ting Bro. Gingery to one side, for that was his name, he 
was told to go among those people and see what he 
could do for them. He said : " I'm not a preacher and 
would not be in position to help them." He was fur- 
ther told : " Preacher or no preacher, you go. If they 
want you to teach a Sunday-school class, do so ; if they 
ask you to talk, feel yourself at liberty, and in this way 
you may get something started." The idea struck in 
on him and stayed there. Enlisting the services of a 
young minister who happened to be in Sebring for a 
few months, he started in on the job, making the trips 
over roads, which on account of deep sand, were almost 
impassable in places even for a Ford, and sometimes 
where there were no roads at all. These trips were kept 
up for a year or more as regular as came the Sundays, 
first one minister and then another being used, and all 
at his own expense for gasoline. The interest grew. 
The work grew, and as a result after a few years we 

had a well trained church, with a good house of wor- 
ship, and a thoroughly reformed community now great- 
ly interested in religious and educational advancement 
all because a lay brother got a working idea in his head, 
that started the ball to rolling. It is said that the great- 
est thing in the world is an idea. Here is a sample. Get 
an idea and then work it. 

The Best Location for a Church 

In the generations gone by, and in the early settling 
of this country, our people, as they moved with the 
emigrant tide, made scores of mistakes by locating their 
meetinghouses far to one side of a village or town, in- 
stead of seeking a more central site, within easy reach of 
the town people, as well as of those residing on farms. 
This does not mean a purely country proposition, with 
a house so located as to accommodate the farming com- 
munity. In the far west it became quite common to 
seek free lots for churches. This invariably meant a 
site to one side of a town or village. As the country 
settled up these badly located churches proved quite a 
handicap, and put the Brethren to a disadvantage in 
taking care of their interests. 

At a few points the same mistake has been made 
here in Florida. A good house on a free lot, far to one 
side of a town or city, has always been an unwise policy. 
In order to secure a good location for a house of wor- 
ship it would be far better to spend some money for a 
desirable lot and less for the building. In fact, it would 
be better to worship in a rough board shack a few years 
in order to be sure of a properly located church site. 
For the future our people in Florida want to give this 
matter the best possible consideration. If they want to 
secure their share of Brethren winter tourists they 
must see to it that their churches are, so far as prac- 
ticable, located within easy reach of rooming accom- 
modations for such as wish to spend winter months in 
Florida. In locating a meetinghouse our people must 
not permit themselves to be misled by free lots, es- 
pecially when offered by land speculators. What I am 
saying here does not, of course, apply to purely coun- 
try propositions. 

Why So Many Brethren Tourists Come to Sebring for the 
Winter Months 

There is no question about their coming, hundreds of 
them, and they are always welcomed. In fact during 
the past dozen and half years not far from 1,200 or 
more members from the north have visited Sebring, 
some for the winter months and others on brief calls. 
But why do they come? One minister, who ranks in 
educational circles, says that his real reason for select- 
ing Sebring as a winter home is because the church 
here appeals to him as a really genuine Dunker church, 
and stands out prominently and strikingly as such. Of 
course, there is some truth in this, for the visitor does 
not find the departure from time-honored simplicity, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12. 1935 

and sonic chief ImulanicntaJs quite noticeable in some 
sections of the brotherhood, and yet ours is a well or- 
granized live wire church, and fully as active along 
mission lines as any church of its age and size on the 

There is another reason, and I think the main one. 
Our meetinghouse, a real commodious structure, is 
most advantageously located near the center of tlie 
town, surrounded by resident members, and with plenty 
of good rooming accommodations in the immetliate vi- 
cinity. During the winter months scores of our people. 
including tourists, may be found domiciled within easy 
walking distance of the church, as well as within a few 
blocks of the business part of the town. This of itself 
is a decided attraction in the eyes of visitors. 

I am not saying this to advertise Sebring as a south- 
ern Brethren Mecca for winter tourists, but for the pur- 
pose of putting our people, in different sections of the 
state, to thinking and planning for the future. Not all 
of them can secure central locations for their houses of 
worship, but they can make this a matter of study, and 
be in jxtsition to advise wisely in the location of houses 
for the future. 

The Open Door In Florida for the Brethren and How to 
Keep It Open 

For all of our people east of the Mississippi River, 
and even hundreds of miles west of it, Florida is the 
lone resort for the hundreds seeking a mild climate in 
which to spend at least a part of the winter months. 
The extensive and skillful use of the automobile, and 
our fine well paved roads, make a trip from any part 
of the north to our state a matter of only a few days. 
This tourist representation is going to increase from 
year to year, giving our people a steadily growing in- 
fluence as the years come and go. Out of this grow 
new settlements composed of such as like the climate 
and conditions and decide to remain. This means more 
churches, and greater opportunities for home mission 
work, especially among the natives, such as the church 
here at Sebring has been doing. The tourist tide will 
bring not a few ministers, and some of the very best 
ones, to aid in the work of preaching the gospel in the 
localities where we must still rely on the free ministry. 

This is the open door for the Brethren, and we can 
keep it open by doing what we can by extending our 
influence among the people, and by making it as in- 
viting as possible for those who come south for the 
winter months, and are willing to aid us in all of our 
evangelistic efforts. Our simple New Testament doc- 
trine, when prudently and skillfully presented, takes 
well among the people. What we need on every hand, 
probably above anything else, is a class of members who 
in their lives and dealings measure up well with our 
teaching and religious claims. The right kind of teach- 
ing, along with the right kind of living, and aggressive- 

ness, will always keep this southern door open for us. 

As a matter of si)ecial interest to those seeking per- 
manent homes in this part of the south I may yet add 
that the people of Florida, at a recent election, voted 
two to one to so amend the constitution of the state as 
to free all occupied homes of $5,000 and under from 
taxation. This means that the owner of a home of this 
value, or less, if occupied by him.sclf, need not pay any 
taxes thereon. It is quite generally believed that this 
freedom from taxation on modest homes, will bring 
thousands of people into our state, and among the num- 
ber will be a good representation of Brethren. For our 
])eople this means more open doors, more churches, and 
the need of more shepherds to look after the additional 

Schr'mg, Fl-a. 

Military Training 


The decision of the Supreme Court sustaining the 
right of land grant colleges to require military training 
as a part of their curricula and to deny admission to 
students who refuse to comply affects, directly or in- 
directly, more than 100,000 youths who are at present 
studying the art of war in universities or secondary 

The case came before the court as a result of the 
suspension of Albert Hamilton and Alonzo Reynolds, 
Jr., each the son and grandson of a Methodist minister. 
They were attending the University of California 
where, for conscientious reasons, they had failed to en- 
roll in the local R. O. T. C. 

For a committee of California churchmen, John 
Beardsley, a constitutional lawyer, carried the case 
through the Supreme Court of California and thence to 
that of the United States on the grounds : 

First, that compulsory membership and service in the 
R. O. T. C, as an integral part of the federal military 
establishment, abridged the privileges and immunities of 
Hamilton and Reynolds as citizens of the United States 
in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. 

Second, compulsory military training, imposed on re- 
ligious and conscientious objectors, violated religions 

Third, compulsory military training, imposed on re- 
ligious and conscientious objectors, violated the Kellogg 
Pact outlawing war. 

For members of the Church of the Brethren, this de- 
cision means that we can not enroll in any one of the 
sixty-odd land grant colleges — with the exception of 
the' universities of Minnesota and Wisconsin where 
training is optional. 

Furtlier, it means that if we are in earnest about the 
resolution pa.ssed at the Ames Conference (see Gospel 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 


Messenger, Dec. 22, 1934), we will insist that the 
trustees or regents of the colleges in our respective 
states will make training optional — and mayhap aban- 
don the foolish practice entirely. 

Lastly, it should make us more desirous of support- 
ing our own colleges where we are attempting to keep 
the fine goods of our pacifist tradition from the power- 
ful scissors of militarism. 

Dayton, Ohio. 

Teaching the Sermon on the Mount 


To study the Sermon on the Mount thoroughly is to 
mine deep and patiently, testing each nugget by prac- 
tical experience. To spend just an hour with it is to 
take a snapshot of its mountain peaks. It is to be 
hoped that the snapshots occasionally taken may stir 
interest in thorough exploration. The present study is 
of Matthew 5: 1-12, 43-48, always good material for 
" instruction in righteousness." 

To get the essential issues raised by this lesson 
quickly before you or your class for practical con- 
sideration, take paper or blackboard and make two lists, 
one on the left and one on the right so that words de- 
scriptive of contrasting traits of character can be 
paired. Leave some space between the two lists, ab- 
breviating if necessary. 

First pair: left, arrogance — right, humility; second 
pair: obduracy — remorse; third, overbearance — meek- 
ness; fourth, hardening — aspiration ; fifth, malevolence 
— mercy; sixth, perversion — holiness; seventh, war- 
^ making — peacemaking ; eighth, pimishtnent — martyr- 
dom; ninth, hatred — love; tenth, ungodliness — godli- 
ness. The second of each of these pairs is supposed to 
express the quality ofcharacter commended by our Lord 
in this lesson. It will be very interesting and instruc- 
tive to check each of them carefully and to find better 
terms if possible. 

With these lists before you, you are ready for study 
and discussion. Looking over the left-hand list, how 
would you like to live in a world given over to such 
qualities? Take time to realize what it would be. How 
would you Hke to spend eternity so? Imagine an ex- 
istence where such characteristics are unrestrained and 
unalleviated by a single ray of light of God's love, or a 
motion of his restraining hand. Can it be that one of 
God's reasons for permitting a certain amount of evil 
to come into the world is to give men a vision of what 
a totality of evil would mean? 

Now look at the other list ; how would you like to 
live in a world full of those kinds of characteristics? 
Take time to realize what it would be. How would 
you like to spend eternity so? What would you give 
to have your children surrounded with such influences ? 

Are we shown something of this here in order that we 
may turn our hearts toward God and righteousness? 

Having discussed the desirability of the one list and 
the undesirability of the other, consider the possibilities 
of achieving the one and avoiding the other, with the 
practical methods available. You will not forget the 
church, the Bible, worship, prayer, good companions, 
good literature, good laws, schools, governments, etc. 
But take a bit of time to analyze the experience of 
Isaiah as given in Isa. 6: 1-8. Remember that Isaiah 
was probably the best man of his time. Nevertheless, 
when he caught a vision of God, he saw himself as a 
man of unclean lips, dwelling among people of unclean 
lips, in comparison with the glorious holiness of God. 
Notice how the Beatitudes worked out in him. First 
humiHty, then remorse ("Woe is me"), then meek 
submission to the call of God to a service in which he 
would be exposed to opposition, persecution, and hard- 
ship. Undoubtedly the fourth beatitude (hunger for 
righteousness) was intensified by his vision of God's 
righteousness. This worked out in mercy toward his 
fellow-men and purity of heart toward God, all of 
which qualified him to act as a peacemaker, bringing 
men into a right relation with God and each other so 
that his own righteousness became so outstanding it 
condemned the lives of others so pointedly that they 
persecuted him in self-defense. This, however, did not 
check his love for them, but drew him closer to God. 
Study the apostles also and see if their vision of God in 
Jesus did not have the same effect on them. Consider 
John 1 : 14, 16: "We beheld his glory, . . . full of grace 
and truth. . . . Of his fulness we all received, and 
grace for grace." Also 2 Cor. 3 : 18: " But we all be- 
holding . . . the glory of the Lord, are trans- 
formed into the same image from glory to glory, even 
as from the Lord the Spirit." 

Let us study the life and character of Christ care- 
fully, visualizing him in every scene, dwelling upon his 
every recorded act and word until the Spirit has writ- 
ten in our hearts that same humility, sorrow for sin 
(our own and others'), thorough surrender to God's 
will and providences, and eager desire to fulfill all 
righteousness — this righteousness working out in mercy 
and purity and peacemaking and a resistance by the 
unrighteous producing a persecution not resented but 
borne with forgiving love. 

Between your two lists, print in large letters 
CHRIST, running the letters down the page or 
board so that you can not pass from one list to the 
other without passing through Christ. This will make 
vivid the necessity for Christ to make possible the 
change from the left-hand to the right-hand list ; also 
the certainty that if one turns toward Christ from the 
left-hand list, he will be able to pass from left to right. 

I believe that many earnest efforts to bring men to 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 

Christ have failed because tlie workers had not a clear 
vision of Christ themselves and did not know how to 
pass it on to others. Let us correct that condition. 
Posad ciia. Calif. 

A Church Member Meditates 


The best proof that I believe in anything is that 1 
commend it to others, and snjiport it myself. How 
much I believe in it is measured by how much 1 am will- 
ing to sacrifice for it. 

There are two obligations I have as a church nicni- 
ber. I must do my part to build our local congregation, 
and do all I can to spread our gospel through the world. 
This means that I must give time, and thought, and 
money not only to the local congregation, but to the 
general Conference Budget. 

Since the Annual Conference represents all our 
church congregations acting together to maintain the 
work of the church, and to spread the cause of Christ 
through the world." I must depend on the brethren we 
send to Conference to tell us what the budget of ex- 
penditure should be. 

I note that these brethren have tried to cut down the 
expenses at every point, but I have been wondering if 
I should regard this budget as an expense to be met, in- 
stead of a royal investment in the kingdom of God. 

It is true, I do not seem to have as much as I had a 
few years ago. but perhaps I ought not to say I do not 
have as much to give, since all I have is really a gift 
from God — or perhaps he just loaned it to me to see 
how I would use it. 

Maybe I should have been more diligent to invest 
what I have with God. I am sure at least that the 
treasures in heaven are in a bank that never fails. Then, 
too, I have heard men who once were wealthy say that 
all they have today is what they gave away. 

Besides, the time grows short. Perliaps before I can 
contribute to another Conference ikulget I may be 
called to give account of my stewardship. " Moreover 
it is required in stewards that a man be found faithful.'' 
Have I any greater desire than to be foimd faithful ? 
H so, my Lord, take it out of my life. 

Surely I can not be content until that budget ther- 
mometer rises to $275,000. 'Jhe need of our ministers, 
missionaries, and Christian institutions was never great- 
er. We can not expect the world to support an institu- 
tion it does not belong to. H we Christians do not give 
to the of Christ, who will? H we clo not give 
to it who will believe that we believe in it? Here goes 
for the lx;st I can do, as often as I can, and as long as 
I can. until one day he says, " Well done." 

Hiintinfjflon, Fa. 




The mercury shows cumulative receipts by months. 

Two Years Ago 

Amount Raised 
Year Ending Feb. 28, '33 

This Year 

Amount Raised 
Year Ending Feb. 28, '35 

Conference Budget $27S,000 

Feb. 100.% $201,114- 

Jan. 72.5% $145,799- 

Dec. 62. % $124,690 

Nov. 55.3% $11 1,320— 

Oct. 50.5% $101,510— 

Sept. 46. % $ 92,359— 

Aug. 42.7%$ 85,915— 

July 39.5%$ 79,455— 

June 35. %$ 70,515— 

May 12.3%$ 24,799- 

April 7.4%$ 14,888- 
Mar. 4.4% $ 9,048- 

-Dec. 58.2% $116,959 

-Nov. 50.7% $102,095 
-Oct. 47.1% $ 94,262 

-Sept. 41.1% $ 82,277 
-Aug. 37.6% $ 75,364 

-July 33.8% $ 67,600 

-June 30. % $ 59,813 

May 10. % $ 20,151 

April 7. % $ 14,132 

Mar. 3.6% $ 7,387 


Annual Conference has authorized a BROTHER- 
HOOD missionary and service program. Estimated 
cost of the complete program is $275,000. Our giving 
for the year ending Feb. 28, 1933, $201,114 seems, by 
earnest efforts, attainable this year. The Brotherhood 
program is going forward on this basis. Let us strive 
this year or as soon as possil)le to reach the full 
$275,000. At least let us have tlie joy of running the 
mercury over the fop of this $201,114 goal. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 



^his 'Department 
Conducted by 
H. Spenser Minnich 

Testing Faith at Bhat 


"I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely." 

Many of you recall the persecution of 1928 and the 
years that followed. The Christians of Bhat, a village 
by the seaside, endured severe testings in those days. 
Few in all this surrounding area would have stood the 
test as they did. Among the number of Christians, 
however, a few did not remain faithful to their Chris- 
tian profession, but as we say — ment back. One of 
these was Pancha, the very first person to have received 
baptism in Bhat. Because of this, his backsliding was 
felt most keenly. 

Nine months of the year the fisher people are away 
from their homes out on the deep, with all kinds of 
boats, doing all kinds of fishing. The large boats are 
freighters that ply all the way from Karachi to Colom- 
bo along the west coast of India. Knowing these fisher 
folk one is reminded again and again of the apostles 
who with Christ spent much time in boats and ships. 

In the homes the women and any others who remain 
there are busy with the work that must be done in a 
home ; besides, they make the rope and string that is 
used in the fishing business. They must have strong 
ropes on the boats to bind their freight and to edge the 
sails ; then there are smaller ropes of all sorts needed 
for their fishing tackle, so that the fisher people are 
as busy as any class to be found. It is interesting as 
one goes into their villages, to see them making rope, 
mending their nets and making new nets, large and 
small. The use that is made of old pieces of net and 
rope is only another illustration of the ways of im- 
provising India's people have. 

Each house is the place not only for living, but it is 
the storeroom and the stable as well. In fact, every- 
thing is kept under one roof, and many times all in one 
room. The stores of food, the supplies of dried fish, 
and other dried eatables, are all suspended from the 
roof in every sort of net bag imaginable. In the homes 
of other people who are not of the fisher class, they do 
not have the advantage of these net bags but they, too, 
have bag-containers of many descriptions. But the net 
bags, after all, are the best, being airy for all such sup- 

plies. Every member of a fisher family is skillful in 
the making of all the material required for fishing. 
This makes them, as we have said, a very busy people. 

Ever since Pancha took his backward step, the 
church has been praying for him. He was told of it 
many times and oft it seemed he was not affected by 
the Christians' concern at all. But last month Pancha 
came to us and gave his experience saying : " For three 
months I have had no peace or rest. The words of 
John the Baptist, ' Repent, repent,' have rung in my 
ears constantly. I have really suffered. When I again 
promised to be his follower I had peace. I went to the 
leaders of the church and asked them if I should be re- 
baptized. I offered to do anything that would replace 
me where I once was in the church. The Lord be 
praised that I am again his." 

At present Pancha is out on his fishing trips for that 
is the way he makes his living. But the church at Bhat 
is arranging, the first time he comes home, to have a 
special meeting wherein he will give his testimony, 
make his confession proper and be reinstated to fellow- 
ship where he longs most of all to be. 

We pray that this may have a wide influence and that 
a Peter or a Paul may henceforth be found in this rein- 
stated member of the Bhat church. All are rejoicing 
in his return to the fold and are taking new courage in 
winning their own village, as well as those of others 
to Christ. 

Jalalpor, India. 

What Have the Youth of Today a Right To 
Expect From Christian Women? 


. Both the pulpit and platform raise the question: 
"What is the matter with our young people?" True, 
they are not perfect, and since many never can see God 
except as he is seen in his people, how important it is 
that he be seen in those who name his name ! 

Edgar Guest once wrote, " I'd rather see a sermon 
than hear one any day." Christian women must be 
examples, they must be as signboards saying, " This is 
the way." Youth is not asking for criticism, which is 
often harmful, but for example. The command from 
these is not, " Tell me," but " Show me. Demonstrate 
to me that the Christian life can be lived, that it is not 
mere theory, an unattainable something, but a practical 
way of living." 

How can the impatient, fretful youth or faultfinding 
woman teach patience, kindness and good temper? 
How can the vain woman teach humility? How can 
the woman greatly absorbed in keeping up with the 
pomp and vanities of life, eager for place and show, 
teach youth the true principle of a happy life? How 
can the selfish woman teach generosity or kindness ? Or 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 

oven the (.liscontcntcd woman teach contentment? Or 
the deceitful woman teach honesty? 

Let Cliristian women even-where and in every occii- 
jxition of Hfe Hve the abundant Christ-tilled life — not 
hiding their lights under a bushel, but living to the 
honor and glory of God in every duty, however trivial. 

Most women are not in daily contact with many peo- 
ple. Thus, they may feel that their contribution to 
life is too small to be felt. Christ was satisfied to fel- 
lowship with a mere handful of disciples. To them he 
imparted through teaching and example his highest 
and best purposes. In a world where ideas about the 
home are often distorted, and where divorces are far 
too numerous — what a challenge to Christian women! 
Let them show to youth that God's plan for home life 
is still the only one that is safe to follow. Let a woman 
be happy and satisfied with her work — glorifying every 
task she sets for herself. Let this apply to Christian 
women in the home, in the school, in the office, wher- 
ever they are. Let all the fine Christian graces of love, 
jov, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 
meekness and temperance be overflowing in her cup of 
hfe. Then the corner where she lives will be radiant. 

If you in your small corner, and I in mine, live true 
to our highest Christian calling, we shall be giving to 
our fellow-men, everywhere, an example of Christ liv- 
ing in those whom he created. "I'd rather see a sermon, 
than hear one any day." 

What to Pray For 

Week of January 12-IQ 

Now and again on the field missionaries are called 
upon to speak to groups of fellow-missionaries, as well 
as to the native Christians. This occurs at summer as- 
semblies and conferences which are called for some cen- 
tral place. Bro. Minor M. Myers has had the joy and 
the responsibility of speaking on such Occasions, arrd his 
mes.sages have gone home to hearts. It is the testimony 
of some who have heard him that they returned to their 
work with renewed determination to carry on bravely. 

In the city of Tai Yuan, the Church of the Brethren 
Christians have been working hard to purchase their 
own church property. They feel so keenly the need for 
a church home that everyone has contributed, even be- 
yond the limit of his ability. This is the spirit which 
builds the kingdom of God among men. Let us en- 
courage them with our prayers. 

A recent letter from Bro. Myers gives us the follow- 
ing good news : " Sherwood Eddy was here the other 
week in a most successful evangelistic effort among 
educated youth and older ones too. He had the rare op- 
portunity to speak once to about 1,500 officials. This 
meeting was arranged by the chairman of the ])rovince 
who heard Dr. Eddy three years ago when he was here. 

Eddy ilid not hesitate to denounce corruption, opium 
and many other things in official life. Few other men 
could have done this in the eft'ectivc way Dr. Eddy did 
it. lie is regarded as a great and true friend of China. 
1 le gave strong Christian, gospel messages. A number 
of high officials are much interested in studying re- 
ligion now who had no interest at all before. . . . 
We are having a busy time taking care of the work fol- 
lowing Eddy's visit. The Christian forces are working 
nicely." ■ , | 

Let us uphold the hands and hearts of those who are 
changing the face of other nations for good. 

Junior Worship Program 

(To he used in connection with the 1935 Junior Project) 

Theme: The New Year Brings Ne-w Opportunities 
Opening Hymn: Ring Out the Old, Ring In the New 

(Tune: Waltham: " FliiiR Out the Banner") 

" Ring out the old, ring in the new, 
Ring happy bells across the snow, 
The year is going, let her go, 
Ring out the false, ring in the true. 

" Ring out a slowly dying cause. 
And ancient forms of party strife, 
Ring in the nobler modes of life. 
With sweeter manners, purer laws. 

" Ring out old shapes of foul disease; 
Ring out the narrowing lust of gold. 
Ring out the thousand wars of old, 
Ring in the thousand years of peace. 

" Ring in the valiant man and free. 
The larger heart, the kindlier hand; 
Ring out the darkness of the land; 
Ring in the Christ that is to be." 

Call to Worship: 

"Another year is dawning; 
Dear Master, let it be, 
In working, playing, serving, 
Another year with thee." 

Opening Prayer: Dear Father, we thank thee for the 
new year and for all the opportunities which this new year 
brings. Show us some of the many things which we may do 
to make the world beautiful and good. May we use our 
eyes and our ears to realize the needs of others. May we 
give help to many who are lonely or sad or tired. Make 
this year better than former years. 

Let us start anew this year with a higher trust in God; 
Let us waste no moment in whining nor complaining of our 

tasks ; 
Let us sometimes look about us for the things that should 

be praised ; 
Let us not be moved by envy when our rival's strength is 

shown ; 
Let ns try to see the beauty spread before us, rain or shine. 

Leader's Explanation: Using the new leaflets entitled 
" Little Japanese and Chinese Neighbors," explain the 1935 
Junior Project. Encourage the children to study the delight- 
ful book, " Rainbow Bridge," which shows so clearly why 
American Christian children should treat kindly the chil- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12. 1935 


dren of other nations. Inspire the group to desire to give 
and work for the junior boys and girls who attend our mis- 
sion schools in China. Help them to see how their offer- 
ings of goodwill will help to keep some child in our Chris- 
tian schools during the year. Impress them with the fact that 
only as the Chinese children are able to attend the mission 
schools can they learn to know and love our Savior. This 
new project is a new opportunity to share Jesus Christ with 
Chinese children. 

Prayer: " Father of all men everywhere, we pray that this 
new year may find thy children of every race and nation 
more eager to serve thee by loving one another. Take from 
the hearts of all men hatred of others because of the color 
of their skin or the language of their speech. And let there 
be peace and goodwill among the nations of the earth dur- 
ing this year, and all years." 

Offering Thought: 

" O grant us hearts like thine, dear Lord, 
So joyous, true and free. 
That all thy children everywhere, 
Be drawn by us to thee." 

Benediction: " May the Lord watch between me and thee 
while we are absent one from the other." 

News From the Field 


Florence M. Bollinger 

Gleanings From the Harvest 

One lifts the eyes to neither white nor golden nor abun- 
dant harvests these days. This is due to the fact that the 
rainfall during monsoon season was very short. The grain 
crops have suffered much and will yield a very light crop. 
However, harvest season is here and the past few days a 
force of men and women, sickle in hand, have been happy 
and busy at grass cutting in the mission fields. Ten and 
twelve cents a day means a lot to the family bank account . 
in India. The hay lies fragrant in the cool of the morning 
and evening but its dryness in the glare of noonday heat adds 
to the general impression of a thirsty earth. What a glori- 
ous harvest moon brightens the world these nights ! From 
sunset to sunrise the full moon, undimmed by any lesser 
lights, except the stars, rules and lights the Heavens. A few 
folks are reaping their own grain crops by moonlight so 
they can earn money at grass cutting by day. The early 
rice is now ready for harvest, but nagli, the more common 
grain which looks much like grass seed, will mature a month 

A Harvest of Colds 

We have had a harvest of another sort since an influenza 
epidemic struck Ahwa and vicinity. It is a harvest of per- 
sistent coughs, colds, aching bodies and fevers. Fortunate- 
ly our mission family has thus far escaped and we have been 
able to help others. While we supplied medicines from the 
mission dispensary, we also knew that hard brown nagli 
bread is not strength building nor appetizing food after a 
sickness. So gallons of tea have been given to the sick, also 
lime juice when limes were available, with cod-liver oil and 
a bit of bread to children who come to the bungalow in the 
morning. And now Miss Royer has begun a distribution 
of wheat porridge to children who have been sick. Natural- 
ly our program has been much disrupted, for with masters 
and children sick, school has now been closed two weeks. 

We hope for the early return of all so that school can re- 
open in a day or two. 

A World Unto Themselves 

More than four months have now passed since those of us 
who live at Ahwa, Dangs, went into monsoon isolation. We 
are shut off from the outside world during this time. But 
the days have been filled full of work and some play. Due 
to the light rainfall, our garden yielded better than ever 
before. This was a great blessing both in giving us the 
necessary food and exercise. Apart from the scripture 
classes, the school girls, with Miss Royer, and the village 
women in my classes, have done regular sewing. They 
have made children's clothes, which will be given to them 
at Christmas time. A young men's society was organized 
which wielded an active influence throughout the season. 
On Sept. 2 a splendid children's program was rendered in the 

Bible Story and Character Building Classes 

While we were shut in during the monsoon season we car- 
ried on a system of classes for Bible instruction and Chris- 
tian character building. Our hope and plan had been to 
perfect this teaching by an evangelistic meeting in the 
church in late October. Bro. Natalal, one of our Indian 
evangelists, had promised to come for the meeting which 
should now be in progress. To our great disappointment, 
his own sickness and that of so many of our people "have 
made necessary the recall of the meeting. 

The Hope of the Dangs 

Our best immediate hope in the work in the Dangs terri- 
tory lies in the fairly well educated young men and their 
families who were indigenous to the Dangs. Of these a 
dozen or so will shortly leave for work in various forms of 
forest service. Denied the spiritual strength which the meet- 
ings should have yielded, they need your prayers that they 
may be true witnesses when they are at work. While old 
heathen customs cling so closely, would that they could take 
the stand with Joshua : " As for me and rhy house, we will 
serve Jehovah." The very closely bound family system 
among Indian people often makes it extremely difficult for 
an individual to thus decide. 

One Outstanding Social Event of the Year 

In early October Miss Royer and I took the Christian 
women of the community to the river a mile away for the 
great clean-up event. Fifty women and children made the 
water splash and the rocks resound to the beating of clothes 
as all became clean from head to toe. Over little fires here 
and there they cooked the tiny fish and crabs they found. 
They ate them as an addition to their own lunches. As a 
treat, tea was served from the Madam Sahib's big kettle. 

Events in History 

Contrary to the ill wind that blows no one any good, the 
light rainfall had its advantages. Mr. Bollinger was able 
to make two trips out to civilization during monsoon. The 
rivers were not so high but that they could be crossed. And 
what is considered real history in the Dangs occurred on 
Oct. 15 when the motor car made a trip to Waghai ! This 
attempt was made in an emergency in order to take sick 
people quickly to the railway. It proved successful for 
which we are all very thankful. Never before had the auto 
gone so early. 

High Lights 

The above items are in brief some of the high lights of 
our monsoon days, apart from the mail man's daily visit. 
(Continued on Page 21) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12. 1935 


Calendar for Sunday, January 13 

Sunday-school Lesson, Pctor;; Great Coiilcssion. — Luke 9: 
lS-26: 1 Peter _': 5. 0. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Adapting tlic Work! to Men's 

B. Y. P. D. Programs: 

\>vai;i; People — Friends of the Home. 

liuermediates — Prayer. 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Two baptisms in the Betliaiiy cluirch, liid. 

Three baptisms in the Omaha chnreh, Xehr. 

One baptism in the Pine Creek church, Ind. 

Two baptisms in the Twin Falls church, Idaho. 

Eight baptisms in the Eagle Creek church, Ohio. 

Three baptized in the Lincoln HeiglUs mission, ^lansfield, 

Five baptisms in the Pleasant \'ie\v church, Kans., the re- 
sult of decision day. 

Tkree baptisms in the Chambersburg church. Pa., with 
the pastor as evangelist. 

Eight added to the Walnut church, Ind.. Bro. J. S. .\ldredge 
of Anderson, Ind., evangelist. 

One baptism in the Ross church. Ohio, Bro. A. P. IMussel- 
man of Lima, Ohio, evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Fairview church, Mich., Bro. Walter 
Landis of Lima, Ohio, evangelist. 

Five baptisms in the Hartville congregation, Ohio, Bro. 
Clyde Mulligan, pastor-evangelist. 

Five baptisms in the Ephrata church, Pa., Bro. John D. 
Ellis of Johnstown, Pa., evangelist. 

Eight baptisms in the Troy church, Ohio, Bro. H. B. Mar- 
tin of Gettysburg, Ohio, evangelist. 

Eight baptisms in the Deshler church, Ohio, Bro. J. A. 
Guthrie of Blissfield, Mich., evangelist. 

Eighteen baptisms in the Palmyra church, Pa., Bro. J. A. 
Robinson of Johnstown, Pa., evangelist. 

Eight baptisms in the Buckeye church, Kans., Bro. 
R. L. Sink of Sabetha, Kans., evangelist. 

Ten baptisms in the Dunnings Creek church, Pa., Bro. J. 
H. Clapper of Hopewell, Pa., evangelist. 

Three additions to the Baugo church, Ind., Bro. I. D. 
Heckman of Cerro Gordo, 111., evangelist. 

Five added to the Brownsville church, Md., Bro. E. C. 
Woodie of Geer, Va., evangelist ; two additions since. 

Nine baptisms in the Worthington church, Minn., Brother 
and Sister B. M. Rollins of Kcyscr, W. Va., evangelists. 

Three baptized and one reinstated in the Astoria church, 
III., Bro. G. O. Stutsman of Greenville, Ohio, evangelist. 

Three baptisms in the West Conestoga church, Pa., Bro. 
Rufus P. Buchei of Quarry ville, Pa., evangelist; one bap- 
tism previous. 

*** *J* *•* *i* 

Our Evangelists 

Will you share the hur'len which these laborers carry? Will you pray 
for the success of these meetinKS? 

Bro. J. C. Injman of Canton, Ohio, Jan. 14 in the Bellc- 
foiUainc church, Ohio. 

Bro. R. N. Leathemnan of Grand Junction, CoIij., Jan. 7 in 
the Oak Grove church, Ohio. 

Brother and Sister B. M. Rollins of Keyscr, W. Va., Jan. 

13 in the Ilethel ehiu'eh, Colo. 

Bro. E. S. Coffman of Elgin, 111., Feb. 18 to Alarch 3 in 
the eluu-ch at Sunnyside, Wash. 

♦ •$► <?• •!► 

Personal Mention 

Dr. Charles C. Ellis, Moderator Elect for this j'ear's Con- 
ference at Winona, has a brief but important statement on 
page 12. It is entitled : A Church Member Meditates. Why 
not turn to it at once, if you have not already read it? 

Bro. E. S. Hollinger, New Paris, Ohio, wishes to acknowl- 
edge in this way for himself and children their appreciation 
and thankfulness for the many expressions of sympathy 
\\hich came to them in connection with the loss of a faith- 
ful companion and mother. 

Bro. M. J. Brougher, long time pastor at Greensburg, Pa.,' 
and member of the General Ministerial Board, will be 
preaching at Waynesboro, Pa., for the next two weeks on 
The Greatest Sentence Ever Written, Do I Know That I Am 
a Christian? Do Others Know That I Am a Christian? 
Man's Sin Against Love, A Life Made Over, and eleven 
other vital themes. 

Bro. Ezra Flory, Sterling, 111., has kept a record of the 
baptisms reported in the Messenger during the year 1934. 
He says the number is 6,185. This is baptisms only, not in- 
cluding those reclaimed or received on a former baptism. 
Pennsylvania with its 1,510 additions is highest. Next come 
Virginia with 795, Ohio with 757, Indiana with 750. Other 
states above 200 are Iowa with 274, Kansas with 261, Cali- 
fornia with 249, West Virginia with 239, Maryland with 226. 
The total number in 1933 was 6,771. 

" Uncle Dan " Beard never traveled much nor wrote much 
nor talked much in public, but millions of Gospel Messen- 
gers passed through his hands in the many years he worked 
in the press room. Several years ago he went home to 
rest. Last Saturday afternoon the mortal remains of his 
faithful companion were laid away beside his own, after a 
brief and fitting service conducted by Bro. J. E. Miller. For 
this purpose they had been brought from Iowa where Mrs. 
Beard had lived with a daughter since "Uncle Dan" went 

Sister Sarah A. Keller, Mercersburg, Pa., nearly seventy 

and hard of hearing, rarely misses Sunday-school or church. 

She enjoys " being in the assembly." From Jan. 1, 1934, until 

the last day of November she read the whole Bible through 

twice and the New Testament three times. She says: "The 

story never grows old. The more I read the more I want 

to read. And the G. M. I can not do without." She has 

lately gone back to her Christian Family Companion of July, 

1865, and reread articles of C. H. Balsbaugh, D. B. Gibson 

and others. • 

*♦♦ »•♦ ♦♦♦ ♦♦» 

Miscellaneous Items 

To Middle Pennsylvania: All papers from churches, all 
reports of district committees and boards, and all programs 
for district conference should be in the hands of the under- 
signed by March 1. — M. Clyde Horst, District Clerk, Lewis- 
town, Pa. 

One more milestone and it will be fourscore for her. Nine 
years ago her companion of fifty-two years passed on. For 
almost all their wedded life they took The Gospel Messenger. 
Can you understand when she says : " I still want to take 
it — as long as I live"? 

Eastern Pennsylvania's Official Directory for 1935 is here. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 


by the kindness of Committeemen B. W. S. Ebersole and 
John C. Zug. It has the usual information about the or- 
ganization and activities of the district. It shows 41 church- 
es, 119 elders, 51 other ministers, and a membership of 9,509, 
as of Oct. 1 last. This figure is a gain of 335 since Jan. 1, 

The churches of York, Pa., have just concluded their fifth 
annual united ten-day prayer meeting, ten hours a day. 
Beginning at 10 A. M. hourly devotional periods were held, 
each led by a different pastor, but all at the safhe place. 
The people came and went throughout the day, we pre- 
sume, at their own convenience and desire. The purpose 
was well summed up, no doubt, in Paul's words to the Colos- 
sians as printed on the first page of the program which Bro. 
M. A. Jacobs, pastor of our own York church, sent us : 
" That in all things he might have the preeminence." 

Sunday, Jan. 27, will be homecoming and anniversary in 
Chicago. In the morning the First Church, Congress St., 
and Central Park Ave., will commemorate the tenth year of 
worshiping in the present commodious church building, 
though the exact date of the dedication was Jan. 11, 1925. In 
the evening all three churches of the city will meet together 
in the First Church to commemorate fifty years since the 
first Brethren service was held in the city — Friday evening, 
Jan. 30, 1885. All those who have been connected with the 
Chicago church in the past, as well as others interested, are 
invite^ to be with us. A message will be greatly appre- 
ciated from those who find it impossible to be here. We are 
endeavoring to get in touch with persons who attended that 
service fifty years ago, and also with charter members of 
the Chicago congregation, organized on March 3, 1889. We 
would appreciate any help that can be given. — James M. 
Moore, 3560 Congress St., Chicago. 

The thirty-fifth annual Bible institute of Elizabethtown 
College will open on Sunday morning in the Elizabethtown 
church with a sermon by Dr. V. F. Schwalm of McPherson 
College, Kans. It is hoped that churches and Sunday- 
schools will make it possible for some representatives to at- 
tend this institute. Since the expense of sending representa- 
tives will be very small, a large number of churches should 
avail themselves of this feast of good things prepared for 
both young and old. The program will consist of discus- 
sions on biblical themes, missions, the work of the ministry, 
and world problems. There is no charge for lodging and 
tuition, but a freewill offering will be appreciated to meet 
necessary expenses. A limited number of women can be 
accommodated in the college buildings. Meals are to be 
furnished in the college dining hall at thirty-five cents each. 
For information on lodging write to Prof. J. Z. Herr, Busi- 
ness Manager, Elizabethtown College, Elizabethtown, Pa. 

♦ *!♦ <• ♦ 

Gleanings From the Office Mail 

" Please send details of special church club for the Mes- 
senger." — Lucile Winkels, Bean Station, Tenn. 

" We expect to take advantage of the special rate on The 
Gospel Messenger." — Lizzie Miller, Norton, Kans. 

"We as a church are trying to work up a Messenger 
club. I think we will make it all right." — J. Z. Long, Pio- 
neer, Ohio. 

"We have decided to accept the club rate plan to get the 
Gospel Messenger in our homes this year." — Mrs. Rosella 
Sullivan, Astoria, 111. 

" A men's organization was started with Bro. Homer 
Weldy as chairman. They decided to put The Gospel Mes- 
senger in 75 per cent of the homes if at all possible." — Cath- 
rine Miller, Wakarusa, Ind. 

" We have been able to place the Messenger into 75 per 
cent of our homes, the majority being new subscribers." — 
Eva Reed, Maxwell, Iowa. 

" Will you kindly send me the details of your plan in re- 
gard to The Gospel Messenger at $1.25 per year?" — Mrs. B. 
A. Showalter, Darlow, Kans. 

" I am glad to report that I have subscriptions from 75 
per cent of our membership for The Gospel Messenger for 
1935." — Mrs. H. H. Hanenstein, Reading, Minn. 

" Kindly explain for me your plan by which a church can 
secure the Messenger for $1.25 provided three-fourths of the 
families secure it." — Arthur Wolford, Ligonier, Pa. 

" We have been working on The Gospel Messenger project 
and have succeeded in getting the required number in the 
First Grand Valley congregation." — Bernard N. King, Grand 
Junction, Colo. 

" We put our Messenger subscription over 100 per cent. 
Rejoice with us for we feel it is a good indication of fra- 
ternal concern in the work of the Church of the Breth- 
ren." — Miriam Hoff Fetter, Weilersville, Ohio. 

" We have taken advantage of the liberal subscription of- 
fer of The Gospel Messenger and as a result The Gospel 
Messenger will be read in seventy-five per cent of the homes 
represented in our church membership." — Mrs. Nellie V. 
Merkey, Abilene, Kans. 


The Parents and the Home 

Theme for January — Christ in the Home 

Read 1 Tim. 3: 4-12 

For Week Beginning January 20 

It is remarkable that the qualifications for a bishop, elder 
or deacon in the early church should tie up with the home 
so closely as this reading points out clearly. Evidently the 
family tie in God's purpose is more than blood relationship. 
In the godly life of Noah, Jehovah saw grounds to include 
sinful, unworthy Ham in the saving ark. And the godly 
life of parents has often meant the saving of the children. 
For after all, parents make the home. It grows out of the 
expression of their lives. 

But parents must not forget this : Had Adam loved God 
as he should, Cain would not have killed his brother. Christ 
himself ties these two loves inseparably together. The 
blame lies first with Adam. Evil nature is projected to the 
third and fourth generations. Parents may say, " We are 
helpless." True, but grace is not helpless, and that grace 
is to begin in the parent first. A parent who is not willing 
to curb his own wrong propensities has no right to demand 
his child to curb the same or other ones. "Train up a child 
in the way it should go " means nothing else than that the 
parent goes that way first. That is Christ in the home. Then 
are children strongly lead to be unselfish, and there will be 
love, joy and peace in the home. 

A Prayer: Dear Lord, my elder Brother, make me true in 
all of my sacred relationships of my family. Give me full- 
ness of kindness, gentleness and lasting affections. Out of 
my sacred fellowship with thee may I come into such fel- 
lowship with my children and all thy children, that I shall 
love all, serve all — so that I may be fitted for thy blessed 
home in glory. In Jesus' name. Amen. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 



Strange things had happened since the dream \vas born 
In their untutored hearts and then was torn 
Away. . . . Troubled by doubts, sad with distrust 
Two disciples fared forth to Emmaus. . . . 
We know that story — but the anxious quest 
Is repeated in the tormented breast 
Of those who take that road — dreams left behind 
In rock-sealed tombs, defeated, sick and blind. 
Unaware that beyond the highway's turn 
Lies Emmaus. Cold hearts begin to burn 
\\ hen made to know that suffering needs must be — 
Before the crown there's always Calvary. . . . 
With faith's renewal comes the soul's reward 
As opened eyes behold the risen Lord! 
La I erne. Calif. 

Ellen's Sheaves 


Ellen put on her coat, hat and gloves. It was bitter 
cold. Almost she had been tempted to stay at home 
that evening. Her father would be so cozy by the fire- 
place. She might stay with him. . . . No! He would 
have cause to think she was not as much interested in 
the meetings as she professed to be. The meeting was 
in the midst of the second week, and ten souls had ac- 
cepted Christ. 

Ten souls, all children below tw^elve. But each soul 
was worth more than the whole world — more than the 
whole world ! Ellen was glad they had come, but if her 
father should come — the thought brought a lump into 
her throat. For as long as she could remember Ellen had 
prayed every night and often between times that her 
father might become a Christian. Prayed, and become 
discouraged, prayed again, often weeping. Her father 
had even failed to accept Christ after his dying wife 
had pointed to the One on Calvary. He was a quiet^ 
quiet man. It w^as so hard to tell what he was think- 
ing. Aunt Lottie merely dismissed the matter with, 
" Don is just like his brother George; too stubborn to 
do it! He'll die out of the church, like George did." 
Even the ministers seemed to think there was no 
bothering about Ellen's father. He, they thought, is 
one of these moral men, who compare their own mor- 
ality with that of the best of church members, and fail 
to see the need of the acceptance of Christ. That, how- 
ever, was not the case. The man, naturally so quiet, 
gave no reason for staying out of the churcli ; conse- 
quently many invented a reason. 

Ellen decided to go. She had said good-bye to her 
father and closed the door. On the front porch she 
felt impelled to return and sjjt-ak to her father. P,ut it 

was such a hard thing to do ! Ellen was sure it was 
harder to do than it would ever be to tell the brown 
ho\s and girls of Intlia the gospel story, should her 
wish come true. AMiat was it that made it so hard for 
a daughter to open the subject of a soul's salvation to 
her own daddy? One should feel more free with 
loved ones than with strangers. Her mind laiade up, 
Ellen always followed impulse. 

" Father, go with me tonight ! I would like to have 
you hear one of the sermons. I'd be so glad if you'd 
become a Christian! Will you, daddy?" 

Trembling, misty-eyed, the girl stood. The man 
trembled no less. It was one thing to withstand mere 
acquaintances, but this girl of his, so pure, so lovely 
and unspotted from the world — it was another thing to 
be unable to satisfy the praying eyes of his Ellen. 

" I never said I wouldn't." 

Ellen had to be satisfied with that. It was small com- 
fort, in a way, but still might carry deep significance. 
Ellen's steps were a trifle lighter as she sped to church. 

The minister read one verse from the Psalms of 

" He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious 
seed, shall come again rejoicing, bringing his sheaves 
with him." 

Ellen's breath caught, and she could not keep back 
the tears, try as she would. She knew it was actually 
poor manners in the" opinion of many to shed tears in 
church. She had never fully learned to control her 
emotions. Call it lack of poise, sentimentality, what 
you would, Ellen's heart was touched to tears. It was 
so like her own experience trying to pray her daddy in- 
to the kingdom— " and weepeth, bearing precious 
seed " — that was she, herself. " Shall come again re- 
joicing, bringing his sheaves with him" — a promise! 
How had Ellen failed to realize that this precious 
promise was in the Bible? Again she recalled a few 
outstanding times when even as a child her prayers 
had been answered. Once she had prayed for a sister, 
who had suffered from paralysis after a serious illness ; 
that her mother's eyesight might be completely re- 
stored ; that her brother would be able to get his alge- 
bra ; that she would get a piano. Her prayers had been 
answered time and again. 

If only her faith were stronger — it might bring her 
an answer before the meetings were over. 

" I believe there are heavy hearts here, souls who 
have prayed for loved ones for long years. Do not 
become discouraged, the answer is on the way, stand 
on his promises. You will come rejoicing, your sheaves 
will be precious souls. Keep the seed precious ! Let 
us bow and renew our faith this very evening. Many 
things, wonderful things have been wrought by i^-ayer. 
Pray !" 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 


Ellen was one of those who prayed. Oblivious of 
those around her, caring not what of emotion or senti- 
ment her face betrayed, she held tryst with her Lord. 
Is it strange that Ellen's father at home became rest- 
less, a strange uneasiness beset him? The radio failed 
to amuse ; the news seemed trite ; History of Mankind 
held no interest. Why had Ellen asked him that? The 
child cared so very much ! But until he could bring 
his own heart to the foot of the cross, in all humility 
and sincerity, he would never come. It had to be more 
than a gesture to please some one. More than lip serv- 
ice. He would do nothing by halves. Not he! A 
braggart voice seemed to speak the words inside him, a 
taunting, gloating voice. 

Suddenly Ellen's father recognized the voice — it was 
that of Satan himself ! Satan, trying so hard to keep 
this man for his own, using diabolical persuasions. As 
soon as the man recognized whose voice was speaking, 
he wondered how any service to Christ could be mere 
lip service; how any one could help but bring his 
whole heart to the foot of the cross in deepest humility 
and all sincerity ; how his Ellen could have kept from 
being concerned that her father, too, should share this 
blessed gift of salvation. The light had shone. The 
dark clouds of doubt and blind reason were dispelled. 

Very calmly the man. knowing the services had be- 
gun half an hour previous, and would still be in prog- 
ress should he go there, got his wraps and hurried out. 
Ellen's heart gave one leap of rejoicing as she saw 
him, the first to accept Christ that evening. She didn't 
feel like weeping then. Not after the sheaves were 
brought ! Very simply and sweetly she told her father 
she was glad. Together they went home, happy, en- 
joying a close bond of union in his name. 

Altoona, Pa. 

A Library Pocket 


A POCKET is always interesting. One of the proud- 
est and happiest moments in the life of a boy is when 
he gets his first suit containing a pocket. And, as he 
grows a few years older, more pockets are essential to 
contain the " treasures " which he loves to hoard. The 
contents of a boy's pockets has been the subject of 
story, poem and song. 

Men, too, use their pockets in interesting ways. Pos- 
sibly the average man doesn't think much about his 
pockets, as long as they contain no holes through which 
his small changes escapes. Some men are addicted to 
the habit formed, perhaps, in boyhood, of carrying a 
great many things in their pockets ; others, carry fewer 
articles. But all demand pockets — plenty of pockets — 
in their clothing. 

There are trouser pockets, change pockets, watch 

pockets, even " secret " pockets, in men's apparel. 

But one of the most profitable of all pockets is a " li- 
brary pocket." 

This, of course, is just any pocket assigned for the 
purpose. Its contents need not be bulky, but they can 
be mighty valuable and helpful. 

Every Christian man, or boy, ought to cultivate a 
Library Pocket. It would be splendid if that pocket 
would contain, first of all, a New Testament ; but if this 
isn't possible, then there ought to be a " portion " of the 
Word among its contents. 

There should be, also, some choice bits of Christian 
literature. Numerous tracts, thoroughly scriptural and 
" sound " may be had for a pittance — some for the ask- 
ing. Writings of the great devotional writers should be 
a;mong the number. For this purpose, there are per- 
haps none that surpass those of James H. McConkey '^, 
whose messages touch the very soul, explain away 
many difficulties of the average Christian, and inspire 
and uplift the spirit along the way. These tracts are of 
convenient size for the pocket. They may be had for 
the asking, though they would be cheap at any price. 

The tracts of Mrs. Jessie Penn-Lewis will arrest and 
hold attention to the devout Christian as will few other 
pieces of Christian literature. And they will help, in a 
most practical manner, the troubled child of God, who 
is facing real problems which he doesn't know just how 
to solve. 

A tiny " scrapbook " made vip of one's favorite 
poems, verses of scripture, sentences one would like to 
memorize, etc., may be included in the library pocket's 

It is well to have a pigeon-hole, a small drawer, a 
box, or other container as a " base of supplies " for 
one's pocket library. Here may be kept tracts and other 
literature we wish to read when opportunity is aflforded. 
Then, as we explore, digest and assimilate the contents 
of the pocket, we can change to new spiritual titbits. 

At first thought this may seem like a mere fad or 
fancy. But to those who have tasted of its benefits, 
joys and genuine helpfulness, it is a vital necessity. 

There are really a surprising number of minutes in a 
day during which one can, if he will, read a bit. These 
are the minutes which can be occupied by the pocket li- 
brary. We wait in an office for five minutes : it is the 
act of but a few seconds to withdraw a tract from the 
coat pocket and read until we are interrupted. Most 
of these genuinely helpful tracts can not and ought not 
be read hastily ; they require careful assimilation, hence 
it is possible to read, with profit, even though bit by 
bit. Some tracts, such as McConkey's or those of Mrs. 
Penn-Lewis are so condensed, so spiritual, so full of a 
Spirit-given message, that a mere sentence will give 

' Free from Silver Publishing Co., Bessemer Bldg., Pittsburgh, Pa. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12. 1935 

food tor thought lor days. \\'o have known " iiookii 
librarians " who liavo alnio.'^t worn out a sins^lo tract. 
carrying it about, reading bit by bit. iHgcsting. as- 
siniihiting. trying, and profiting by its vital message. 

Then, too, the " library pocket " has another use. It 
may contain bits of choice Clu-istian literature for dis- 
tribution to others. Tract distribution is one of the 
most blessed of all missionary endeavors: hut it must 
be done with care, and directed by wisdont that is from 
above, if it is to jierform its full measure of Christian 
service. It is generally of questionable value to dis- 
tribute tracts promiscuously : some will not "' fit " the 
person to whom given ; others, while " fitting '" proper- 
ly his condition, may offend the recipient because not 
g-iven with the proper tact by the distributor. Never- 
theless, tract work is important, and the pocket library 
helps a lot by furnishing the right kind of material (se- 
lected carefully beforehand) when it is needed. 

For example : ^^'e meet a friend who has recently 
lost a loved one. This friend is grief-stricken, anxious 
to tell of his loss, seeking comfort from one who truly 
understands that loss. Sometimes we find it difficult to 
saA' the words we'd like ; we can not express our real 
feelings. It is then that we like to reach into that 
precious librarj- pocket, withdraw a helpful, comfort- 
ing. Spirit-filled message (such as McConkey's " Beau- 
tv for Ashes ") and hand it to our friend, knowing that 
in his present sorrow he will gladly read it, and that its 
message will comfort and cheer in a way our " lisping 
stammering '" tongue never could comfort. 

For those wh.o do personal work with unsaved peo- 
ple, the pocket library is helpful because it will provide 
exactly the right kind of literature, previously selected 
and tested, to back up his words of testimony for his 

The " library pocket " idea is generally for personal 
use. But it need not be confined thus. It may be 
shared with one's Sunday-school class, one's congrega- 
tion, one's personal friends ainong Christian people 
who are interested in missionary work. 

W'e know a Christian gentleman who prepared to go 
to foreign lands as a missionary ; circumstances pre- 
vented and he could not go ; but through his tract work, 
he has done much good for his Lord's cause. 

So, it's a fine idea to set aside a pocket in one's coat 
for the Lord's use ! The Bible as.sures us that " all 
things work together for good " (Rom. 8: 28). Well, 
a pocket is only an inanimate thing — but how much 
glory it can be made to furnish for the_ J>ord Jesus 
Christ, if used as a " library !'' 

Have your tailor make sure to sew a Library P(jckct 
into that next garment he makes for you, ask God to 
bless it, do your part — and you'll be surprised, de- 
lighted and overjoyed at the result. 

Newport, Pa. 

The Preacher's Wedding Responsibilities 

Lki'..\ciikrs are nalurall)- delighted when thev get a 
Avedding. It is one of the brief but ]ile;isanl experi- 
ences of the ministry. We say " brief," because the 
jireacher's sense of res]ionsihility is limited to the prop- 
er pertormanci' of the ceremouA' without any embar- 
rassing " hitch," the tilling out of the legal papers, ex- 
jiressing congratulations and best wishes to the newly 
married coujile and receiving the wedding fee. We 
might as well all confess to one another, as ministers, 
tli;it that brief ])eriod of a few minutes marks the be- 
ginning and end of our sense of responsibility. 

But we have just read an article by a prominent pas- 
tor whose sense of responsibility, which begins at the 
marriage altar, doesn't end there, but follows the couple 
on and on through the years. His attitude opens a line 
of thought and makes imjircssions which we desire to 
jiass on to others. 

In addition to making the ceremony a very solemn 
one, and when at all possible performing it in the house 
of worship where the sacred altar of the church be- 
comes the marriage altar, here are some of the things 
which this pastor does that are out of the ordinary: 

He always gives the couple, whether strangers or 
friends, a talk on the sacredness of the marriage rela- 
tion, with suggestions about establishing and maintain- 
ing a happy home. An appropriate book on the same 
subject accompanies the marriage certificate which he 
hands to them. 

He keeps track of these couples by a carefully ar- 
ranged card index file, and writes a letter to each couple 
at least once a year, and oftener if required by sickness 
or affliction of any kind. These letters are so written 
as to require a reply, and these replies are very il- 
luminating and gratifying; as, for example, " Once in a 
while a fit of temper is about to produce an ugly quar- 
rel ; then the thought occurs that you expect something 
better of us, and we drop the subject." 

In addition to the many special days that cumber the 
church calendar, this pastor has one of his own, on 
which all of the couples that he has married are invited 
to attend the Sunday morning church service, and an 
unusual number of them come, bringing their children 
with them. Those who can not attend receive a report 
of the service, with an outline of the sermon, which is 
always on the subject of married life from the Chris- 
tian point of view. 

y\nd does it pay? 'J'he answer, as indicated by the 
results, is emi)hatically in the affirmative. He reports 
that of the more than seven hundred couples that .he 
has married in the last fourteen years, about half of 
them previously .strangers to him, there have been less 
than a dozen homes broken up, whereas the average 
divorce rate would be more than a hundred. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 


The record of this pastor is certainly unique, and 
ought to suggest to every minister who reads it this im- 
portant question : Does my responsibihty cease at the 
marriage altar? It doesn't end when a minister brings 
a sinner to Christ. It doesn't end when he fellowships 
a new member into the church. Why should it end 
when he inducts a new couple into the sacred relations 
of married life? He believes that marriage is a sacred 
institution, and that, therefore, it should be solemnized 
by a minister of the gospel. But is this likely to make 
it much better if the minister's part is limited to " say- 
ing the words " ? He is responsible, so far as the sa- 
cred ceremony is concerned, for making two persons 
husband and wife. Does that not make him responsi- 
ble, to the extent of his limited influence and oppor- 
tunities, for the outcome of that union? A civil offi- 
cial who officiates at a wedding is concerned only with 
making the marriage legal. A minister of the gospel 
should be anxious to make a marriage not only legal, 
but also lasting. 

Every now and then we read of a divorce case, or a 
family quarrel, that gets before the court ; and the 
judge, with some friendly and fatherly advice, sends 
the couple home, reconciled, to begin all over again. 
This outcome shows that in practically every such case 
the same result could have been obtained without go- 
ing to law if a preacher, and especially the one before 
whom the couple made their solmn promises at the 
marriage altar, had given his friendly services. 

It may be that, as ministers, this is one respect in 
which we have neglected a delicate duty and failed to 
improve a fruitful opportunity. It is worth thinking 
about — The Church Advocate. 

Evening Prayer 


I LIKE evening prayer at the time when the soul 
kneels down with the body at the bedside when the 
lights are out, so that God alone can see and hear. It 
is there that the heart swells with gratitude for the day 
just over and gives the future into the Father's hand. 
And I have heard that the thoughts at the end of one 
day mold the pattern for the starting of the next. 

I wonder how many of the strongest men are bow- 
ing in humility this hour. I know some who seem as if 
they had been with God. I wonder what happens in 
the mind of a child when every evening at repose he 
learns that prayer, " Now I lay me down to sleep." 
Doesn't even nature bow to heaven when the sun sinks 
low? Or haven't you seen or heard? I wonder what 
would happen to those of us who are proud, or dis- 
couraged, or broken under a heavy load if we should 
pause when we seek rest to pray, " Thank you, Fa- 

I do not ask at what hours you pray, if you do. I 
only state that for some creatures twilight reverence 
finds its echo in a morning song. He who closes a day 
with gratitude of heart and humility of spirit will cer- 
tainly find tomorrow another vast adventure. Do you 
suppose that is the reason some folks have peace, and 
purpose, and radiance and power? 

Churuhusco, Ind. 

Bits of Brotherliness 

Do Your Bit as a Hero of Peace 

The boss of a crew of road men near Kansas City 
accidentally stumbled over a dinner bucket. As he 
picked it up to replace the lid he noticed that there were 
only two small cold potatoes in it. 

The accident hadn't been observed, so he took the 
pail to a near-by store and had it filled with appetizing 

Noon came. He watched the bucket. The owner, a 
new man on the job, picked it up and went off to a little 
distance from the others to eat. Then, seeing the fine 
lunch inside, he replaced the lid and started back to 
correct what he believed to have been a mistake. 

The boss stopped him. " That's your bucket, old 
man ! I kicked it over by accident this morning. I put 
those things in there. A man can't do this hard work 
on two little cold potatoes." 

The workman burst into tears and told his story, a 
story which might be duplicated hundreds of times. A 
hat was passed among the men and that night a happy 
family surrounded a well-filled table. 

Wakarusa, Kans. 

News From the Field 

(Continued From Page 15) 
Peace That Passeth Understanding 

In my mother's letter, which came this week, she quoted 
as her strength Isa. 26 : 3 : "Thou wilt keep him in perfect 
peace, whose mind is stayed on thee ; because he trusteth 
in thee." Certainly I am tliankful that in mother's de- 
clining years she can rest in this peace. And I, too, know 
tliat there is rest in this trust and that God gives strength 
according to the day. I rejoice that God has given me a 
good pair of eyes which are able to look with interest upon 
the same sights, day after day, and to see and face with in- 
creasing patience the ofttimes unpleasant, wearisome tasks. 
Only once in four months was I as far as one mile from 
home and that was when the women went to the river for 
a picnic. Now a more pleasant season is at hand. The air 
will be more bracing, the demands a little less taxing, and 
in November a short trip out to Dahanu, Bulsar and Bombay 
will furnish new sights. The children write from Wood- 
stock school, which is 1,000 miles away: "Fifty more days 
till we come home!" And so we count the time, living in the 
present, looking ever with hope toward the future. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12. 1935 


D:rcclcii Iv M K. /ii;lcr, K..\<.ciui\ i- Sn.-ici.i: > : Kviiiis D Howm.m. 
Director ol Aiiull Kiiucatioii; R. E. Mohlcr. Secretary ol Men's Work; 
Mrs. Ross D. Murpliy. PrrsiJent ol Women's Work; Dan West. Di- 
rector ot Young People's Work; Raymond R. Peters, Cliairman of 
Intermediate Committee; Ruth Shriver. Director o( CliiUlren's Work; 
H. Spenser Minnich. Secretary of Christian Finance; Ross D. Murpliy, 
rrpresentins the Pastoral Association; Ruth C. SolUnherger. Ollice 


Shepherding the Flock 

Article Supplied by the Pastoral Association 

A (QUESTION which we must often ask ourselves, if 
we are pastors and ministers, is : '" What are we do- 
ing with our people?" We should ask it because there 
is a very real danger of us doing the wrong thing with 
them. One danger lies in the often stressed saying 
that the pastor is the shepherd and the congregation is 
the flock. Now this shepherd relationship is a beauti- 
ful one. Ever}' pastor should feel the responsibility of 
warning, feeding and guiding his flock. But he must 
beware lest he keep his people dependent upon him. un- 
able and unwilling to fend for themselves. 

My contention is that we should not allow our people 
to be spiritual paupers. There is danger of it. The 
pastor is often regarded as if he alone can receive a 
message from God, as if he alone can give the true 
meaning of scripture, as if his prayers are of special 
potency. In short, the pastor falls httle short of being 
a priest, as he would be conceived of in the Roman 
Catholic Church. 

Over against this tendency let us put Paul's de- 
scription of a service in the early church : " What is it. 
then, brethren? \\'hen ye come together, each one hath 
a psalm, hath a teaching, hath a revelation, hath a 
tongue, hath an interpretation." Does it not seem clear 
that the ministry had no monopoly on revelations, 
tongues and interpretations? If we understand this 
quotation aright, the church was made up of men and 
women who, of themselves, were recipients of God's 
message; they did not look to the ministry for all their 
spiritual food ; they went directly to the source of spir- 
itual life — fed themselves thereat and had contributions 
to make to the community of lx;lievers. 

A pastor would do well to avoid the role in whicli he- 
does the thinking, praying and deciding for other peo- 
ple. It is his business to stimulate and l)uild an in- 
digenous Christian membership. .Sometimes, jKistors 
are to blame in this. They enjoy the position of the 
priest. They like to stand, as it were, between God and 
man and be the mediator ; but " there is one mediator 
also between God and man . . . Christ Jesus, who 
gave himself a ransom for all." All his children are 

jMicsts and even the lowliest of them should be led to 
L'.xercise this privilege. 

Other times the pastor is not at fault. He does not 
realize what he is doing. He believes himself to be the 
servant of God and the servant of his fellow-man, and 
in his tlevotedness he becomes indulgent, doing for oth- 
ers what they ought to do for themselves. Paul did 
not make this mistake. He fed some churches with 
milk, but he insisted that mature churches should par- 
take of a heavier diet. 

At other times, the congregation is to blame. They 
would rather be fed without much effort on their part. 
This preference is not always a sign of laziness. Some- 
times it is because people are too busy to stake their 
claims and dig their own ore. They look forward to 
the Lord's Day as a time when the minister who has 
had more time than they, will share with them the 
goodly treasures of life. We have much sympathy 
with busy people, but as ministers we will be remiss in 
our duty if we do not encourage even the busiest of 
our flock to become spiritual prospectors in their own 

Baltimore, Md. 


The Question of Giving 

It is said that giving differs from the spending and saving 
of money : that spending changes the form of value, that 
saving changes the time of value ; and that giving changes 
the control of value. Hence giving constitutes a crucial test 
of unselfishness. 

Is giving God's means of transforming our characters, or 
is it primarily to help causes? 

Why should one give? What are adequate motives of 
giving? What should be the spirit of giving? 

To what causes should we give? What are worthy 

How much should we know about the agencies to which 
we give ; how far should we follow their needs and pro- 

Should the proportion of one's giving be the same whether 
his annual income is $1,000 or $10,000? 

What share of one's giving ordinarily siiould go through 
one's church? Twenty-five per cent, 50 per cent, 80 per 
cent or all? 

Different attitudes are expressed : " I give when I feel 
like it"; "Whatever I feel I can spare"; "Whenever I go 
to church"; "When some cause appeals to me." 

What is the character effect of such giving? What hap- 
pens to worthy causes which must depend often on such at- 

(a) Budgeting. Morrill says : " A budget is keeping an 
expense account before instead of after you spend." 

What values come from having personal, family, church 

.Siiould personal and family expenses increase as income 
increases ? 

(h) The Separated Portion. Ina C. Brown in "Jesus' 
Teaching on the Use of Money," says : " Because we are 
lnnrian llure must be a separated portion, sacredly kept." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 


It has been said that we should fix a minimum for ex- 
penditures for ourselves and then try to reduce this mini- 
mum and give the remainder to others . . . individuals 
and worthy causes. Discuss this statement. 

Why is it not enough to say that all we have belongs to 
God and we are stewards of it all? 

Discuss for any given income different percentages for 
the separated portion : i. e., 5 per cent, 10 per cent, 20 per 
cent and so forth. 

Is there any valid reason why the separated portion should 
ever be less than that which the Jews gave? 

What are the purposes of the separated portion? 
(Next Week — The Question of Church Finance.) 


Constructive Forces In Society 

Luke 2: 13, 14; Matt. 4: 17; 6:, 10 

January 27 

The will of God was not done in the World War. It is 
not done in the present destitution in the midst of abun- 
dance. Name other matters in which we lack much of hav- 
ing realized the kingdom of heaven on earth. 

1. How Governments Can Help. Rom. 13: 1-3. 

a. By passrng'and enforcing just laws. 

b. By maintaining-peaceful relations with other peoples. 

c. By organizing industrial life on an equitable basis. 

2. Ilie Opportunity of the Sdhools. 

a. To teach peace instead of war. 

b. To teach respect for law. 

c. To teach regard for the rights of all. 

3. The Place of the Church. 

a. It is charged that the church is allied with the oppres- 
sor in industry. This was true in Russia. Is it true in 
America? Jas. 2 : 2, 6. 

b. The church must stand against oppression. Amos 5 : 
11, 24. 

c. Do the poor have any reason to hate church members 
for their wealth? See 1 Cor. 10: Z2. 

d. Is the church free from responsibility for war? Chris- 
tians could stop war if all would refuse to fight. 

e. American Christians are numerous enough to cast the 
deciding vote on liquor. 

f. They could clean up the movies by refusing to patron- 
ize indecent pictures. 


The Choice of Tycho Brahe 

" One of the most baffling problems that faces all leaders 
is the problem of working on the small and insignificant 
groundwork of today, that tomorrow's structure may have 
a secure foundation. 

" Let the story of Tycho Brahe in Alfred Noyes' poem 
' Watcher of the Skies ' speak to us on this point. 

" Tycho Brahe was born in Denmark of goodly lineage, 
and educated in youth at the University of Copenhagen. 
While yet a young man he discovered a new star, and the 
discovery brought him fame at home and in many distant 
lands. Denmark had a king then who was^a patron of 
learning, and the king built an observatory for Tycho at 
the center of a little island, and Tycho called the place 
Uranibor, the 'City of the Heavens.' Here for years and 
years Tycho worked by day and night, watching the heav- 

ens by night, and figuring his observations by day, till star 
after star with exquisite precision had been set down upon 
his chart. But Frederick, the king, died, and young Prince 
Christian came upon the throne with a host of flippant cour- 
tiers who grudged the treasure that had been lavished upon 
the upkeep of the observatory and this seeming feckless 
charting of the stars. They could not see the value of it all, 
and so at last messengers — in the name of the new king — 
went to visit Tycho Brahe, to learn, if they could, the use of 
all his labor, to quiz him about it, and to pit their values 
against his. 

" The messengers asked what Tycho had been doing these 
five and twenty years. He showed them tables of stars, 
seven hundred set down, each in its proper place. ' And is 
this all?' they said. 'Not all, I hope,' said Tycho, 'for I 
think before I die I shall have marked a thousand.' You 
can almost hear their laughter, can you not? All the proph- 
ets and the seers have listened to the like. ' To what end,' 
said the messengers, ' to what end the travail and the 
waste? Show it to us now, show them now before we go.' 
Resounding through the centuries I hear familiar echoes. 
Never a philosopher has lived, nor a saint nor a scientist nor 
an artist, but has been summoned to a like proof — to show 
the value for todaj' — not the value for the unplumbed fu- 
ture, but the value for today. I will read you Tycho Brahe's 
answer as I find it in the poem: 

" ' In the time to come,' 
Said Tycho Brahe, ' perhaps a hundred years. 
Perhaps a thousand, when our own poor names 
Are quite forgotten, and our kingdom's dust, 
On one sure certain day, the torchbearers 
Will, at some point of contact, see a light 
Moving upon the chaos. Though our eyes 
Be shut forever in an iron sleep. 
Their eyes shall see the kingdom of the law. 
Our undiscovered cosmos. They shall see it — 
A new creation rising from the deep, 
Beautiful, whole. 
We are like men that hear 
Disjointed notes of some supernal choir. 
Year after year we patiently record 
All we can gather. In that far-off time 
A people that we have not known shall hear them 
Aloving like music to a single end.' 
" They could not understand — the messengers who had 
come to appraise the values and report. They went back to 
the king, their master, and they said that Tycho Brahe's 
dreams were fruitless, and worse than fruitless, perilous, 
since ' any fruit they bore would fall in distant years to alien 
hands.' Tycho went forth to exile; Uranibor went down in- 
to dust. Alfred Noyes gives it to us thus : 

Yes, I still hope in some more generous land 
To make my thousand up before I die. 
Little enough, I know — a midget's work. 
The men that follow me with more delicate art 
May add their tens of thousands ; yet my sum 
Will save them just that five and twenty years 
Of patience, bring them sooner to their goal, 
That kingdom of the law I shall not see. 
We are on the verge of great discoveries. 
I feel them as a dreamer feels the dawn 
Before his eyes are opened. Many of you 
Will see them. In that day you will recall 
This, our last meeting at Uranibor, 
And how I told you that this work of ours 
Would lead to victories for the coming age. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 

The victors may lorvjot us. What of that? 
Theirs be the psahn. the shouting and the praise, 
Ours be the fathers" jilory in the sons." 
■■ That was Tycho Brahe's choice of vahies."' 


The Munitions Inquiry Recesses 

Will it continue? It depends much on the support of the 
.\merican people. Have you voiced yonr conviction that 
this investigation should go on? Senate Coniniittce nieni- 
bers summarize some of their findings as follows : 

(\) The Du Fonts and other munitions interests are part- 
ly responsible for the impotence of the Arms Control Treaty 
of 1925. 

(2) It has been made clear that the Du Fonts and their 
English associate. Imperial Chemical Industries, were so 
tied in with German munition companies that they did noth- 
ing to prevent German rearmament in violation of the Ver- 
sailles Treaty though they knew what was happening. 

(3) There is a close connection between the War Depart- 
ment and the inunition makers. 

(4) It has been shown that in any future war the plans 
of the War Department would practically turn over the 
control of the country to big business. 

International control of the munitions industry- is what we 
should work for. 

(From a news release of the National Council for Preven- 
tion of War.) 

Let Our Peace Convictions Find Expression In 
Peace Action! 

Our church has done well in making peace pronounce- 
ments from time to time and she has educated her people on 
the doctrines or principles which form the Christian basis 
for peace. Fractically no disagreement has arisen as to our 
responsibility in this matter. On the question of a peace 
program which will attempt (1) to convert others to our 
views and (2) to alter social institutions through peace 
activities and education, the church has not been so earnest 
nor so unanimous. 

We still have many good people who feel that on the 
question of peace we should instruct our people sufficiently 
that they, as individuals, will not have a part in war. As to 
the government, they would pray for its right action always, 
but nothing further. 

On the other hand, many of us, including myself, feel that 
this program is vital but docs not go far enough. We need 
to do two things at the same time: (1) Christianize 
the conduct of the individual in both peace and war; and (2) 
Chri.stianize the policies and programs of the political in- 
stitutions which have the responsibility of peace or war in 
their hands. If this second responsibility be assumed by the 
church it will mean the adoption of a program of peace ac- 
tivities that have to do with the actual problems of peace 
which confront the nations. An example is the question of 
armament policies by the nations. The Quakers have built 
up a remarkable reputation for both their conscience on 
war and their tireless efforts to prevent war by their vari- 
ous peace activities. 

Not long ago one of my friends said the I'r(.llircn have 
never done anything for peace, meaning that we have never 
had a peace program. I can not agree with this statement 
fully, but it is too near the truth to be comfortable! Let us 
raise ourselves beyond reproach on this point. We mean 
well but do little. 

\\ orkinj; uiuler the direction of our Hoard of Christian 
Education, our church has a Feace Connuission, which, at 
presei\t is the facult\- coiuniitloe on peace at Manchester 
College. This commission, or any of the general secre- 
taries at Elgin, will be happy to help you in a practical peace 
program in your local church or the program in your dis- 
trict. If you have any suggestions for the commission or if 
\ou desire information from them, your communication will 
be very welcome. 

.\nswcr the following for your own church: What are 
we doing to indoctrinate our people (especially the younger 
members) in the Christian principles of peace? Have we 
made any effort to convert others to our views? Have we 
done anything on the Nye investigation of munitions? Com- 
pulsory military training in colleges and high schools? Have 
you sponsored any projects in which you expressed your 
goodwill to those of other lands? Arc your church people 
well informed on world affairs which are determining our 
drift toward peace or toward war? What do you do about 
huge appropriations by our government for military pur- 
poses? Have you supported the efforts at arms reductions? 
Do your public officials (especially congressmen) know how 
you stand? Are you interested in and informed on efforts 
to set up i)eace machinery (like the World Court and the 
League) in the world? 

What do Dunkers do about peace? — C. Ray Keim. 


The Fine Art of Motherhood* 

If announcement was made of a series of talks to mothers 
to be given by a noted lecturer, no doubt every busy mother 
of the community would plan to attend some of the meet- 
ings, or at least hope she might. Here is just such an op- 
portunity — talks to mothers which have been given re- 
peatedly in summer conferences and parent-teacher meet- 
ings on such subjects as : Types of Wives, Types of Moth- 
ers, Keeping Hold of Our Children, Letting Them Go, Moth- 
ers' Helpers and Children's Questions, which you may read 
at your leisure. Knowing the inspiration it gives, my wish 
is that every mother may have opportunity to read this 
book, better yet, own it that she may reread parts of it from 
time to time. 

The author vividly describes four types of wives : the 
discontented, extravagant, rushed to death, and comrade 
wife. Since " there are nearly as many kinds of mothers in 
the world as there are mothers," it rnay be a bit difficult 
to recognize ourselves in Types of Mothers, whether partial, 
masterful, complacent, changeable, far-seeing, or inore of 
the characteristics of the most blessed of all mothers — Mary, 
the mother of Jesus. 

One young mother remarked after reading the book : 
" That is the sort of thing we should read often." Because 
it came to my hands when my baby was a few days old and 
I read it then with the greatest interest, I feel like recom- 
mending it especially to this group; but it should be equally 
interesting or even more so to mothers of older children. 
Not merely facts, but many illustrations from the author's 
experience and observation as well as from literature, make 
easy, delightful reading. 

This book is all that the title suggests; the finest of arts 
is exalted.~Ada M. Arnold. 

* The Fine Art of Motherliood is in the Board of Christian Education 
r.oan Library and ran he had for a period hy paying the postage both 
way.s. If you wish to own a copy, the price is $1.50. Order through 
the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, lU. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 



A Worth-while Project for Men 

(The Messenger in Every Home) 
For more than fifty years The Gospel Messenger has 
found its way into the homes of thousands of our people. 
Today it stands as one of the finest religious journals pub- 
lished in America. It should be in every Brethren home. 
In addition to this, it should be in thousands of other homes. 
The Publishing House has recently challenged the church 
to place the Messenger in three-fourths of the homes of 
each congregation. Any church doing this will receive the 
Messenger for the small sum of $1.25 for each subscription. 
In the interest of placing fine Christian literature in a larger 
number of homes, the men of our local church should assist 
if not sponsor this movement. Many Men's Work groups 
are already interested in this challenge and it is one suffi- 
ciently noble that many others should become interested. 
Write the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111., for details 
of this offer. 


More About Leaders 

A. The Leader — Second Look Into the Mirror 

If you were to be thoroughly honest with yourself, how 
would you answer these questions on sex? 

1. Is sex a necessary evil? 

2. Do you think that sex is the main thing in life? 

3. Do you want to talk about sex often? 

4. Can you talk to young people about sex without beat- 
ing around the bush? 

5. Do you prefer to work with young people of your own 
sex, those of the opposite sex, or with both? 

6. Are you a Pharisee in the presence of a person who 
has made a serious sex mistake? 

7. Would you secretly like to take a little fling, either di- 
rectly or by some suggestive exhibition or confession maga- 

8. Would you want your young people to follow your e.x- 
ample in the sex pattern of life? 

B. What He Wants to Do 

If he accepts the way of living as being the essential thing 
in Christianity, it is necessary to make clear what is meant 
by that phrase. Here is a section of an outline of goals for 
young people as individuals in the matter of money: 

i. Earning their own way as soon as possible, not de- 
pending on the parents for support any longer than neces- 

2. Thrifty and efficient in the use of money, spending for 
needs rather than for fleeting wants. 

3. Living simply and saving for growth and for their fu- 
ture homes, rather than spending like the prodigal son. 

4. Sharing willingly with the home folks, with the other 
party in buying or selling, and with the church. Little for 
" charities " unless they can follow-up such giving, by giving 
themselves with their alms. 

C. How He Goes About It 

" The young people " is a phrase referring to persons 
whose ages happen to be from twelve years up to the time 
they marry (of course there ought to be a limit, but it is 
hard to set without offending somebody). Even some want 
to be considered young people after they are married. This 
does not seem wisest. 

Most persons who want to help young people don't know 

them, and doubtless none of us understand them well 
enough. However, we can learn much if we are determined. 
In that direction these suggestions are offered : 

1. Make an alphabetical list of all those who can be 
rightly called your young people. If you leave anybody out, 
there ought to be a clear reason for doing it. 

2. Begin to study three or four as you try to make friends 
with them. Either activity alone won't give the best help. 
We need to do both. 


Reasons for a Church Centered Club 

Some persons may raise the question why we should in- 
clude a club in our intermediate program. There are the 
Boy Scouts, Y. M. C. A., Pioneer Club and others. They 
are doing a great deal of good, and when it seems wise, we 
should cooperate. However, there seem to be some real 
values in our church club. Practically all of the leading de- 
nominations have club programs of their own. The Inter- 
national Council of Religious Education has a committee on 
a Pioneer program which they hope will tend to unify the 
church centered clubs. 

1. The church club should be an outgrowth of the Sun- 
day-school work. These clubs should be under the direct 
supervision of the local Board of Christian Education. There 
are certain requirements for Sunday-school attendance for 
membership in the Pioneer Club. In some of our churches 
the club is putting on projects based upon the new Inter- 
mediate Graded Lessons. This of course makes a very close 

2. In a church club the boys and girls are made to feel 
that the service is coming from the church. It causes them 
to have higher appreciation for the church. 

3. Church clubs sponsor church camps. It is natural for 
any organization to promote its own program. We have 
found in the past that it was more difficult to get boys to 
our camps when they were members of other boys' organi- 
zations. Our camps are set up with the idea of sending 
our boys and girls back home with a greater appreciation 
for their church. The heroes of the camps are our own 
church leaders. 

We believe that the church can make a contribution to 
the intermediate age group which will be very effective. 
We hope a larger number of pastors and leaders will take a 
more active part in working with these boys and girls. 


The story of Tycho Brahe in the Leadership Training 
column of this week is also the message for children's work- 
ers. Will you read it? 


2. Chinese Sunday-school: Phases of Growth 

The Chinese Sunday-school has continued without break, 
except for a few very brief vacation periods, since its be- 
ginning in 1907-8. The Sunday-school was started while 
Bethany was located on Hastings Street. Then it was held 
at the Seminary at Bethany's present location from the fall 
of 1909 to the end of 1931. On Jan. 1, 1932, the Chinese 
Sunday-school was transferred from the Seminary to the 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 

First church and ha.- bccoino an adoptoit chikl oi iho l-iivl 

Just at present the attendance is somewhat holow the gen- 
eral average of the entire history of the Siuuiay-school. hut 
we are confident that the character of llio inipils is not be- 
low the average. We appreciate the pastinal leadership ol 
v>ur minister, Bro. Moy Way. Among our present iiiroU 
ment of men we have two grade school pupils, one hi.i^li 
school student, and one college student. Several Chinese 
girls and boys attend our Chinese Sunday-school a i>art of 
the time, who also attend our Sunday morning American 
Sunday-school. Our present teaching force is drawn Ironi 
the Seminary and Training School, from the ranks o\ the 
First Church c>f the Brethren, and even from friomls in the 
neighborhood who are members of other churches. At 
present, as has been true throughout the years, the teachers 
are doing very splendid, conscientious, sacrificial work. 
Teaching in the Chinese Sunday-school for a few Sundays in 
nearly every case leads to the captivating of tlie teacher's 
interest and to a love for the people being taugiit. Tlie Chi- 
nese men. women, and children, too, with but few excei)- 
tions, manifest a deep interest and give a splendid response 
to the teaching. Usually there is at first little interest in 
the message of the gospel, but this interest in many cases 
unfolds in a marvelous and interesting manner. Herein lie.> 
the most challenging appeal to our teachers. The past 
Easter, three more of our men were baptiz.;d; otliers are in- 
terested and are receiving the gospel message. 

.\s has been intimated before, the influence of the CIk- 
nese Sunday-school in Chicago has reached far beyond the 
city limits. We have had opportunity time and again, in 
one way or another, to help organize Chinese Sunday- 
schools in other places or to give help and 'encouragement 
tti Sunday-schools that were organized there. In a few- 
instances former teachers from the Sunday-sciiool here 
have organized or attemiJted to organize Chinese Sunday- 
schools in their home town or in the church in which they 
have located. In two or three cases our Chinese brethren 
have helped to organize and conduct Sunday-schools. 

Perhaps the biggest and most far-reaching outgrowth of 
our Simday-school i_s the inission in South China. Bro. Moy 
Gwong, an early pupil and convert of the Sunday-school, 
h.eard the call of his Master, and entered definite prepara- 

tions for his life work. He took several courses of study in 
Bethany, was called to the ministry, and finished his acade- 
mic course and then his college course at Manchester Col- 
lege. During these years of study he learned to know the 
chmcli ot liis choice by much mingling with the Brethren, 
not onl\- ill school, hut also in making tours among the 
ehuiches, iireacliiiig and lecturing and by attending District 
ami Annual Conferences. Today Bro. Moy Gwong is mis- 
sionary, pastor and educator in our mission in Sunning, and 
is the luisband and father of a Christian family. 

This mission is the result of the longings of some of the 
tirst Christians in our Chinese Sunday-school and of the 
pra\ers ;>.ii(l Christian love of some of the early teachers. 
Sister MaitJKi Shick became the lirsl missionary, when 
in l')16 she and the writer and his wife went to Canton, 
China, to study the language of the men who were attending 
our Sunday-school. During the two years of language study 
Miss Shick and the writer made several trips to the villages 
from which our brethren come, and then in 1918 she went 
to the country, where a house was temporarily equipped by 
the Chinese themselves for the mission headquarters, to live 
and to start the mission. The writer and his wife came 
back to work in the Seminary and with Chinese in Chicago. 

During this stay in China it was the privilege of the writ- 
er to baptize the wife and a brother of Moy Gwong in Can- 
ton. In 1920 Bro. Moy Gwong returned to China, com- 
missioned by the General Mission Board and the General 
Conference of the Church of the Brethren to become the 
missionary pastor of the little flock there. The mission has 
grown until today Brother Moy is the pastor of a church of 
perhaps fifty members and is principal of a school of about 
two hundred fifty pupils. The Chinese Sunday-schools in 
Chicago, Washington, D. C, and Detroit, Mich., are giving 
moral and financial support to the mission in their home^- 
land. We are hoping that some of the men now in our 
Sunday-school may be willing to devote their lives to the 
work in Sunning. 

Chicago, 111. Elgin S. Moyer. 


Wc are glad to say that the same wonderful God is pres- 
ent in .'Maska, as in the States and other parts of the world. 
He is no Respecter of persons and is the same yesterday, 

today and forever. How- 
ever, many so-called 
Christians coming to this 
country, and sad to say 
some who have been sent 
by various mission boards, 
have lost sight of the 
above fact. Instead of be- 
ing a help in the extension 
of (jod's kingdom, they are 
a hindrance, inasmuch as 
they once had the light but 
now iiave fallen by the 
wayside. It is pretty hard 
to convince a sinner that 
lu' is one when he can 
])oint his finger at his pas- 
t o r or Sunday-school 
teacher and say, "He 
dance s, play s cards, 

(Jrcclings From Juneau, 
A laska 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 


smokes, and goes to bum picture shows." Well, that is the 
condition in this city. 

For several months after we arrived in Juneau we visited 
the most prominent churches, endeavoring to locate an adult 
Sunday-school class. These churches were spiritually dead 
and such a class could not be found among them. Appar- 
ently God laid it on our hearts to visit a small mission. To 
our surprise we not only found an adult class of eight or 
ten members, but plenty of open Bibles were in evidence. 
After visiting there for a few Sundays, the words of Jesus 
forcibly stood out: "The harvest truly is great, but the 
laborers are few." With those words burning in our hearts, 
we volunteered for service. Later we learned that prayers 
had been offered for workers. God answers prayer. 

Since December of 1930 we have been actively engaged in 
Sunday-school work : myself as superintendent and my wife 
as a teacher. Our school has increased from approximately 
thirty to its present number, which at times exceeds one 
hundred. The building and equipment are not very good, 
but God is with us. 

Jesus said: "Ye are the light of the world." That applies 
to all Christians and not merely a few. We should let our 
light shine and not be ashamed of the gospel of Christ. 
Brother or Sister, if your light is growing dim, which is the 
case with many, we suggest you volunteer your services to 
assist in helping to build up your Sunday-school and church. 
From all accounts, the condition of the world is not getting 
better. For this reason, each Christian should put forth an 
extra effort for right. Much good can be done in your own 
community and, no doubt, within a stone's throw of your 

In a recent edition of the Messenger an appeal was made 
for a larger circulation. Perhaps there are members of the 
church who would enjoy receiving it, but through the finan- 
cial condition of the country they are unable to subscribe. 
Enclosed herewith is check for $10 and suggest the Messen- 
ger be sent to as many families as possible. 

Juneau, Alaska. Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Click. 


The Zion church of northern North Dakota is the oldest 
Brethren church in the state or district. From her member- 
ship many other churches have been organized so that she 
may be called the mother church of the state. This year 
marked her fortieth anniversary and this was celebrated at 
our annual harvest meeting on Oct. 28. There are only a 
few of the charter members living in and around here. 

Since this is the oldest church of the state, some of its 
history may prove interesting. It was first called the Ger- 
man Baptist Brethren church. The first meetings were held 
at the home of A. B. Peters near Cando. A colony of people 
came to this section in 1894, some buying, some renting and 
some filing on land. For a while services were held in the 
courthouse ; this same building is now used for a hospital. 
Other places of meeting were in homes, schoolhouses and 

On Aug. 10, 1896, Bro. Amos Peters, founder of the colony, 
consulted Max Bass, the Great Northern agent, as to what 
they would do toward building a church. After some time 
the information came that they would lay down Washing- 
ton lumber free of railroad charges. Eight miles west of 
Cando the foundation was laid by John Jay and Geo. 
Rhodes. John Goodyear was foreman of the carpenter 
crew; most of the labor was donated. 

The elders in charge of the first meeting were Bro. W. R. 

Deeter, Plymouth, Ind., and Bro. Dan Whitmer of South 
Bend, Ind. The hymn used was No. 149 in the black hymnal. 
Bro. G. C. Long, now of Irricana, acted as secretary for the 
organization. Bro. S. W. Burkhart was elected clerk and 
holds the same office at present. 

In 1895 there were 140 members. Also in that year a sec- 
ond church was organized at Webster, N. Dak., with Bro. 
Jake Deal, then living near there, assisting. He was present 
at this meeting. Bro. Burkhart and Bro. Adam Deal as- 
sisted in the organization at Webster. Later in the same 
year another branch from this church was started at New- 
ville. Bro. Geo. Strycker and Bro. Swihart, both in Canada 
now, were the leaders. In 1896 the York church was or- 
ganized. Bro. Summers, present at this meeting, was one of 
the first members at York. The Blockers — Amos, Sam and 
Andrew — were among the first members at York. Later 
other churches were started by members of the Zion church 
at England, Ellison, Salem, Brumbaugh and Perth. 

In 1897, the first series of meetings was conducted by 
Bro. Isaac Dierdorff. It certainly was true that the water 
or moisture was not a question at that time, for the bap- 
tismal service for thirty converts was administered just west 
of the church. 

Bro. J. Will Shively, a deacon from Chicago, in company 
with Bro. Byers, visited scattered members. Bro. Shivley 
now lives near Newville and was one of the members on 
this program. He said they had but few ministers with col- 
lege education, but that most of the ministers were drafted 
from the humble walks of life. Bro. M. P. Lichty (de- 
ceased) did much for the good of this church. When he 
went to the Old Folks' Home at Mt. Morris he gave his lit- 
tle cottage and an acre of land to the church; this has been 
used as a parsonage since. Bro. J. M. Meyers was our first 
pastor ; others were Arthur Shively, Arthur Warner and 
Mark Burner, our present pastor. 

Bro. Shively in his talk said: "We of this generation do 
not know the spirit of pioneering — at that time there was no 
telephone; it was a long distance to a doctor; for fuel, flax 
straw was used. After all, these charter members 
paved the way for the present and we are presented with 
a challenge to make this a church of winning souls yet to- 
day for Christ, yes, for forty years in the future." 

The day's program was carried on much in the same man- 
ner as in olden days : Music without an instrument, and the 
speakers all on a long bench behind the pulpit. We of 
this generation hope that we may make the coming years of 
real service for this church and this community. 

Cando, N. Dak. Mrs. Lloyd R. Maust. 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be apphed to a three months' Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Crist-Rodabaugh. — By the undersigned, Bro. Harold Crist of Rox- 
liury. Kans., and Sister Alma Rodabaugh of Weiser, Idaho, in the Mc- 
I'herson church on Dec. 2i, 1934. — V. F. Schwalm, McPherson, Kans. 

Diller-Layton. — By the pastor of the Baptist church, on Oct. 28, 
1934, Bro. Floyd L. Diller and Miss Opal Layton.— A. B. Diller, 
Wynncwood, Okla. 

Fulk-Beckwith.— At the Payette church, Dec. 24, 1934, Bro. Leslie 
Marion Fulk and Sister Lola Mae Beckwith. — E. J. Glover, Payette, 

Haulman- Gilmer.— On Dec. 22, 1934, by the undersigned, at his home, 
Bro. Chas. J. Haulman and Miss Isabelle L. Gilmer. — C. B. Rowe, 
Da'.las Center, Iowa. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12. 1935 


Bosscrman. Simon H.. son ot Daviii E. and Salome Bosscrman, bom 
July I, ISo^. liicj June 20. I'^o-J, at his home near Bradford, Ohio, lie 
was ihf eldest ot a family of six children; two brothers, two sisters 
and one hall sister remain. Feb. 19, 1S91, he married Mina A. Loxley, 
daughter of Benj. F. and Fhoebe Ann Kaylor Loxley; she passed away 
at the tome of a dau.t;hter in Dayton. Nov. 2b. Two sons and two 
daughters survive with two grandsons, three sisters, one brother and 
several half brothers and half sisters. In January. 190C). Brother and 
Sister Bossermau accepted Christ and were baptized into the faith and 
practice of the Church of the Brethren. Both funeral services were 
held in the Oakland church by H. B. Martin. Burial in the Harris 
Creek cemetery.— Mina H. H. Miller. Bradford. Ohio. 

Bricker, Mrs. Elizabeth, dau.chter of Michael Stanilniugh. born 
.Xug. ,-1. lS-;6. in York County, Pa., passed away at the home of her 
daughter in Canton. 111.. Nov. 28. 19j-I. April U. IS61, she married 
Emanuei Bricker who preceded her nearly thirty years. Six children 
were born to this union, two of whom preceded her. She leaves four 
children, ten grandchildren, two great-grandchildren and one great- 
great-grandchild. At an early age she united with the Church of the 
Brethren, remaining faithful until death. Funeral services by the 
writer in Summum Christian church. — Max Hartsough, Summum, 111. 

Brubaker, Mrs. S. S.. died at her home near Virden, aged 76 years. 
Services in the church by the undersigned. Interment in the Pleasant 
Hill cemetery. She was the daughter of J. \V. and Catharine Harsh- 
barger. and was born in Dayton. Va. When about ten years of age 
she came with her parents to Girard where she grew to womanhood. 
She united with the Church of the Brethren when fourteen years old. 
She married Samuel S. Brubaker Sept. 29, 1S76. and their fifty-eight 
years of married life were spent on the farm. She is survived by her 
husband, two sons, three daughters, two brothers, thirteen grandchil- 
dren and seven great-grandchildren. A daughter died when three 
years old. and a son. Harvey A., a minister, died at 41 years. She 
had been in failing health for some time and about two weeks ago 
iuffert-d a paralytic stroke. — E. F. Caslow, Virden, 111. 

Burket, Mary Ann Ulrich, born to Julia Ann and Samuel Ulrich, 
Tune U. 184S. in Wayne County. Ind., and died at her home at Lan- 
caster, Ind.. Dec. 22. 1934. She united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren early in life and was a faithful member. She had been afflicted 
for many years and was deprived of attending church services. 
March 24. 1S6", she married David Burket who preceded her March 13, 
1919. She is survived by one sister, one daughter, one son, nineteen 
grandchildren and eleven great-grandchildren. Funeral services at 
the Salamonie church by the writer, with Eld. I. B. Wike assisting. 
Burial was made in the adjoining cemetery. — W. C. Stinebaugh, Hunt- 
ington. Ind. 

Detrick, Rebecca Elizabeth, daughter of Elder and Mrs. W. C. 
Detrick. born at Kendallville. Ind., April 18, 1914, died at the hos- 
pital in Garrett, Ind., Xov. 3, 1934. She united with the church at the 
age of nine while her father was pastor of the West Dayton congre- 
gation, .^fter graduating from the Bradford. Ohio, high school, she 
took one year at Juniata College and the two-year normal course at 
Manchester College. She was permitted to teach but two weeks, when 
she became afflicted and died after seven weeks of suffering. She 
leaves her parents and two brothers. Funeral services at the Harris 
Creek church by Bro. Otho Winger, assisted by Eld. John Eikenbcrry 
and the writer.— D. G. Berkebile. Bradford, Ohio. 

Eyer, Mrs. Pauline Hoover, aged 27 years, wife of Weldon Eyer, died 
at her home in East Goshen. Besides her husband she leaves a daugh- 
ter, her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hoover, a sister and a brotlier. 
Funeral services at the Middlcbury church with J. H. Fike and Allen 
Yodcr in charge. Burial in the Grace Lawn cemetery at Middlebury. — 
Mrs. Ma Mishlcr, Middlebury, Ind. 

Goodmiller, Lizzie lona, only daughter of Robert A. and Rebecca 
Shearer, l^^rn in Huntington County. Ind., Feb. 15, 1880, died at her 
home in Lancaster, Ind., Dec. 13, 1934. Early in life she united with 
the Pleasant Grove U. B. church. About twelve years ago she entered 
into fellowship with the Salamonie Church of the Brethren, and as 
health permitted she served in various activities of church work. On 
May 8. 1901. she married August H. Hacker; he died March 20, 1922. 
Scfit. 16. 1925. she married Chas. If. Goodmiller. For the past eight 
years she had been afflicted and for a year was in a serious condition. 
She leaves her husband, three children, two stepsons, her parents, one 
grandchild, four step-grandchildren. Services at the Salamonie church 
by the writer, assisted by Rev. Chas. Payne. Burial in the Lancaster 
cemetery. — W. C. -Stinebaugh, Huntington, Ind. 

Hoak, H. Le Koy, born in Sterling. III., July 20, 1877, dle<l at the 
home of his sisfr. Miss Jennie Hoak, Dec. 10, 1934. On Jan. 8, 1906, he 
married Lena Williamson; .she passed away May 10, 1928., Surviving 
are his son, one sister and a brother. Oct. 29 Mr. Hoak suffered a 
heart attack and a few days later this was followed by a stroke. As 
a man of fine character he was much liked by all who knew him. He 
was sober, industrious and home loving. The memory of Roy Hoak, 
35 he w.-is generally known, will long remain a kind one in the minds 
o; a host of friends.- Helen Hoak Eikenbcrry, Sterling, 111. 
Lautrhnun, Jacob, died at his home near Abbottstown, Pa., Nov. 25, 

W34, of a complication of diseases, aged 82 years. He is survived by 
his wife, three sous, three daughters and a number ot grandchildren. 
Services at Mumnierts meetinghouse by Paul K. Newcomer and G. 
Howard Daniur. Interment in the cemetery adjoining the church. — 
Paul K. Newcomer, Spring Grove, Pa. 

Loose, Sister Anna Kerr, aged 74 years, wife of Bro. H. H. Loose, 
died at her home in Menges Mills, Pa., Sept. 26, 1934, following an ill- 
ness of two years. She was the daughter of Samuel and Catharine 
Miller. She was a lifelong member of the Pleasant Hill church and 
an active member of the Aid Society. Surviving are her husband, 
two sons, four daughters, two sisters, one brother and a number of 
grandchildren. Services at Gerbers Mennonite church at Menges Mills 
by Eld. G. Howard Danner. assisted by Rev. Noah Mack, Mennonite. 
Interment in cemetery adjoining the church. — ^Paul K. Newcomer, 
Spring Grove, Pa. 

Marsau, Edna Margaret Hilda, second child ol Brotlier and Sister 
D. W. Marsau. born near Dysart, Iowa. Jan. 5. 1917, died at a hos- 
pital in Waterloo, Dec. 16. 1934. She graduated with honors from the 
high school in 1934. At twelve years of age she was confirmed in the 
Lutheran faith and at fourteen was received into the Church of the 
Brethren at South Waterloo by baptism. Her interest and usefulness 
marked a wide range; she served as president of the B. Y. P. D., and 
also as teacher and assistant teacher in the Sunday-school. She was 
a member of the church choir. Surviving are her parents, a sister and 
a brother. Funeral services at the South Waterloo church by the 
undersigned. — W. H. Y'oder, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Melton, Bro. Wm. Daniel, son of John F. and Elizabeth Wampler 
.Melton, born May 30, 1865, in Augusta County, Va., died Dec. 7, 1934, 
at his home in Churchville, Va. His first wife was Mary Susan 
Smith; to this union eight children were born. His second wife was 
Cornelia Bullen Girard who survives with three sisters, five children 
and fourteen grandchildren. Funeral services in the Elk Run church, 
of v.'hich he bad been a consistent member for many years, by Eld. 
W. H. Zigler, assisted by Rev. Richard and Eld. N. J. Miller. Inter- 
ment in the adjoining cemetery. — Esther E. Miller, Mt. Solon, Va. 

Miller, G. Ed., aged 74 years, son of John C. and Rebecca Long Mil- 
ler, died at Rockingham Memorial hospital, from injuries received in 
an automobile accident. Bro. Miller was a member of the church for 
many years and took an active interest in its work as well as in many 
civic and community affairs. His first wife, who was Miss Mary Ann 
Thomas, died in 1908. The second wife, who was Miss Mary Click, 
survives with six daughters and one son. Funeral and interment at 
Bridgewater, the services being conducted by Elders J. S. Flory and 
G. L. Wine.— Mrs. O. F. Foley, Bridgewater, Va. 

Miller, Johnson T., son of Isaac T. and Amelia (Cowger) Miller, born 
April 22. 1863, in Pendleton County. W. Va., died Nov. 26, 1934, near 
Portland. Ind. He married Rebecca J. Shaver Feb. 18, 1886. He and 
his wife joined the Church of the Brethren Oct. 25, 1911. He served 
the Hickory Grove church as deacon for several years. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, two sons, three daughters; one son and one daughter 
died in infancy. Funeral service at the Hickory Grove church by 
Bro. D. M. Bycrly. Interment in the Maxville cemetery near Win- 
chester. Ind. — Cyntha E. Fox, Redkey, Ind. 

Miller, Virgil L., aged 70 years, son of Samuel F. and Bettie V- 
Miller, died at his home following a long period of ill health. He was 
an active member of the church since young manhood and was known 
for his deeds of kindness. His wife who was Miss Mollie Sanger, 
daughter of Rev. S. F. Sanger, survives with two sons and three 
daughters. Funeral and interment at Bridgewater.— Mrs. O. F. Foley, 
Bridgewater, Va. 

Moyer, Bro. John H., son of Moses and Martha Moyer, died Dec. 18, 
1934, aged 75 years. He was a member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren. At the time of his death he resided at Edinburg, Va. He is 
survived by three daughters, fifteen grandchildren and twelve great- 
grandchildren. His wife preceded him about five years ago. Funeral 
services in Valley church by Bro. Sam Stephens, assisted by Bro. 
Davis Nolley. Interment in the cemetery by the church. — Vernie F. 
Diehl, Xokesville, Va. 

Rodeffer, Alice B., aged 68 years, wife of I. N. RodefFer, died Dec. 4, 
1934. at her home after a short illness terminating in pneumonia. She 
was a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thos. Dovel. She is survived by her 
husband, four daughters, one son, two sisters, three brothers and 
fourteen grandchildren. She had been a loyal inember ol the church 
for many years and was an ardent worker in the W. C. T. U. Funeral 
services from the Bridgewater church by Elders J. S. Flory and J. M. 
Henry. — Mrs. O. F. Foley, Bridgewater, Va. 

St2mley, Sarah J. (nee Beckner), died near Cleo Springs, Okla., 
Dec. 22, 1934, aged 77 years, 11 months. She was born in Hawkins 
Oiunty, Tennessee, eldest child of Perry and Margaret Beckner. In 
1890 the family moved to Nebraska and from there .Sister .Stanley went 
lo Conway .Springs, Kans., where she met and married Thomas M. 
.Stanley in February, 1900. They established their home near Lamont, 
Okla. In January, 1915, her husband passed away, leaving her with 
one son. For the last six years she has made her home with her son 
near Ames, Okla. In early life she united with the Church of the 
Brethren and though she spent many years in semi-isolation, yet she 
was a regular reader of the church papers and took active part in her 
church activities as far as she could. Funeral services were conducted 
by her pastor, Bro. Robert Haney, of Ames, Okla., and her body was 
laid to rest beside that of her husband at Lamont, Okla.— W. O. 
Beckner, Elgin, III. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 




Laton. — A council meeting was held Dec. 3. One matter brought 
before the meeting was that of securing wood for the church. It was 
decided to set a date and all the men who could were to help cut 
wood. Our church bazaar held Dec. 6 was quite successful. The com- 
munity responded wonderfully and as a result we cleared $65. The 
Sunday evening service previous to preaching is under the direction 
of Bro. Snell of Riverdale. The book of Hebrews is being studied and 
the interest has greatly increased since he has taken over this work. 
He is an able teacher and we appreciate his eflforts. — Mrs. O. S. 
Vaughn, Laton, Calif,, Dec. 24. 


Antioch. — We have been without a pastor since last May. Now the 
District Mission Board is helping to finance preaching services for us 
twice a month. Bro. David Hamm of Colorado Springs comes to us 
two Sundays each month with real gospel sermons. Aug. 23 and 26 
Bro. J. A. Click, a former pastor, gave us two sermons. Sept. 2 Bro. 
Roy Miller of Rocky Ford preached for us. He intended to come every 
two weeks as long as the weather permitted, but an injury made this 
impossible. Since then Bro. Hamm has been preaching for us. Our 
attendance and interest are good. Dec. 23 our Sunday-school gave a 
Christmas program.— Mrs. G. H. Rink, Yoder, Colo., Dec. 24. 

First Grand Valley church enjoyed a two weeks' series of meetings 
following our district meeting. The meetings were conducted by our 
pastor, B. N. King. The baptismal service was in the Fruita church 
on Dec. 23. Six from Appleton and one from Fruita were baptized. 
We hope others will soon make the great decision. Our candlelight 
Christmas service was on Sunday evening. Many beginners appeared 
on the program for the first time and added much to the service. Sis- 
ter King had trained the children and young people in their songs. It 
was a very beautiful and inspiring service. — Mrs. J. A. Mitchel, Grand 
Junction, Colo., Dec. 24. 


SebriTig. — At our recent business meeting all church officers were 
selected for the coming year. The treasurers gave reports which show 
a substantial balance in all departments. Bro. D. £. Miller was 
chosen elder for another year. One letter was received and one grant- 
ed. The Bassenger and Okeechobee missions have recently been or- 
ganized into a separate congregation. There are approximately sixty- 
five members at these points. Bro. L. L. Lininger is continued as 
their pastor for six months. The men of our church have efifected an 
organization. They gave their first program in November. Bro. H. C. 
Early was the principal speaker for the occasion. Our congregation is 
steadily increasing in numbers by the coming of winter visitors. The 
Aid Society is quite busy as usual. All churches in the city joined in 
a union service, in the Methodist church, on Thanksgiving Day. We 
recently had the pleasure of being instructed by the illustrated tem- 
perance lecture furnished by the Board of Christian Education. We 
are expecting Bro. H. K. Ober to be with us in a series of meetings 
early in February.— Anna Stutsman. Sebring, Fla., Dec. 19. 


Springfield.— An item of growth in the life of this church is to be 
noted in the recent formation of a young married people's class. Un- 
der the leadership of Mrs. Paul Brubaker a fine class has been or- 
ganized. It has made an appreciable and noticeable increase in our 
Sunday-school attendance. Mrs. Claude Pettibone in leading the 
B. Y. P. D. presents that organization in its strongest form since 
the present pastorate. It is a healthy indication of future church life 
here. The pulpit program during the fall months consisted of mes- 
sages from First and Second Timothy. They were treated in an ex- 
pository manner at the Sunday morning worship hour. The pastor 
has been asked to serve as county adviser of the united forces of 
the Christian Endeavor Societies. He also spoke from station WTAX 
on the devotional hour Nov. 25 to Dec. 1. Those within distance of 
this station will appreciate tuning in every morning for these devotions 
conducted by the clergymen of Springfield. The children of the Sun- 
day-school rendered a Christmas program on Dec. 23. In the evening 
the B. Y. P. D. presented a worshipful candlelighting service.— R. M, 
Brady, Springfield, 111., Dec. 24. 

Sterling.- A business meeting was held Oct. 8 at which time officers 
for the coming year were elected. Bro. John Heckman was again 
chosen elder; F. H. Slater, reelected treasurer; L. M. Kilhefner, clerk; 
Mrs. Chas. Cosey, Messenger agent; Mrs. Helen Eikenberry, corre- 
spondent. A committee was chosen to revise the church constitution. 
Our communion service was on Sunday evening, Oct. 21. Starting 
Nov. 11 our morning services assumed a new schedule with Sunday- 
school beginning at 9:30 and preaching at 10:30. On Sunday evening, 
Nov. 11, the young people of the church presented a fitting program 
on the subject of Peace. A special praise service was held on Thanks- 
giving morning. The teachers of the primary department of the Sun- 
day-school entertained the children and their mothers at a Christmas 
party on Dec. 21 at which time Christmas stories and songs were 
enjoyed. Each child received a small gift from the school. A program 

by the children, consisting of recitations and songs, was enjoyed on 
Sunday morning, Dec. 23. In the evening a program in story and 
song, entitled His Christmas Star, was effectively given by a mixed 
chorus and a reader. — Helen Hoak Eikenberry, Sterling, 111., Dec. 24. 


Andrews. — In our recent revival meetings we received ten new mem- 
bers, one was reclaimed and one received on former baptism. Our 
meeting was a splendid one and we feel that our congregation was 
greatly strengthened. Our council was held Dec. 20. A trustee was 
elected and the 1935 budget made out. Dec. 23 we enjoyed a wonder- 
ful Christmas program. Our decorations were simple and beautiful, 
scenes of Bethlehem with lighted star and a white cross at the foot of 
which each class in the Sunday-school laid its missionary offering. 
Songs, readings and a playlet were in keeping with the white gift 
Christmas. Besides baskets of groceries, our money offering was $50, 
all of which went for missions. — Mrs. Rhoda Rittenhouse, Andrews, 
Ind., Dec. 27. 

Bremen church closed an enjoyable series of meetings Nov. 18. Bro. 
Burton Metzler of Middlebury, Ind., brought a soul-inspiring sermon 
each evening. The children were much interested and as a result 
nine of our junior and intermediate boys and girls were added to the 
church; also the father and mother of three of these desired to have 
their membership transferred to our church. We enjoyed the pres- 
ence of delegations from other districts and the music they furnished. 
The communion held on Saturday evening following the revival was 
well attended. Much interest has been shown this year in our Sunday 
evening services. The adult department of Christian Workers gave 
a program Sunday evening, Dec. 16, entitled Getting Ready for Christ- 
mas. At our council meeting Dec. 7 church officers were elected. Mrs. 
Lee Burrous was elected church correspondent; Bro. Wm. Loucks, 
president of Christian Workers; Mrs. Kenneth Fisher, B. Y. P. D. 
adviser; Mrs. Fern Kaufifman, junior leader. — Mrs. Gertrude E. Shafer, 
Bremen. Ind., Dec. 21. 

Hickory Grove. — At our recent council meeting Bro. J. A. Snell was 
reelected elder for another year. Bro. Sylvan Studebaker was chosen 
Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Sam Studebaker, Messenger agent; 
the writer, correspondent. We decided to begin our church year Oct. 1, 
the same as the Sunday-school year. Nov. 25 the children gave a 
missionary program on the junior project for 1934; their offering was 
$54 which they had earned during the summer. Dec. 9 a worker from 
the Anti-Saloon League brought us a message. Bro. Snell preached for 
us Dec. 16. We had a Christmas program on Dec. 23 and took a mis- 
sionary offering. — Cyntha E. Fox, Redkey, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Pine Creek (West Goshen). — In September we reorganized our Sun- 
day-school with Porter Bechtold as superintendent and Devon Martin, 
assistant. On Nov. 18 Bro. Bagwell of North Manchester preached an 
inspirational sermon. One of our Sunday-school girls was recently 
baptized. A Sunday-school board has been organized and is doing 
effective work. They have arranged a class for intermediates and are 
planning another new class. The young people also are active. They 
are sponsoring one evening service a month, although we have no 
regular evening services. In October the West Goshen B. Y. P. D. 
presented the play. What Shall It Profit? In November and December 
our young people and children gave Thanksgiving and Christmas pro- 
grams. The Christmas pageant, The Story Beautiful, was well given. 
The young people also distributed baskets of food at Christmas to 
needy families in our community. Arrangements have been made with 
one of our school bus drivers to bring people to church. This has 
helped to increase our attendance. Christmas Sunday the attendance 
reached sixty-two. Our offerings are keeping up fine. We face the 
year with encouraging prospects. — Martha Warstler, Goshen, Ind., 
Dec. 26. 

Pipe Creek. — On Armistice Day Bro, Boyd Bechtelheimer of Walton 
gave us an appropriate message. In the absence of our home minis- 
ters, Bro. Harley Fisher of Mexico preached for us Nov. 18. We held 
our harvest meeting and Thanksgiving service Nov. 25. Bro. Leslie 
Ockerman of Mexico spoke in the morning and Bro. Frank Fisher in 
the afternoon. The Aid Society furnished Thanksgiving dinner for the 
Old Folks and Orphans' Home again this year. Bro. T. A. Shively 
was reelected elder at the council meeting which was held Dec. 14. 
Other church officers were chosen at this time. On Dec. 16 Rev. 
Huddleston of the Anti-Saloon League was with us. A Christmas pro- 
gram which included a white gift service was given Dec. 23. A large 
supply of provisions was distributed in the community by the young 
people's class. A generous offering was taken for the General Mission 
Board. — Martha O. Hessong, Peru, Ind., Dec. 26. 

Richmond church has been blessed with the coming of Bro. Norris 
as our pastor. We were without a pastor during the summer months 
and our attendance suffered greatly. The interest and attendance 
seem to be gaining now. We are looking forward to a revival meeting 
and communion service shortly after Christmas. Bro. Fisher of Four 
Mile was with us on Sunday evenings during the summer. Two have 
been added to the church by baptism. We have an Aid Society small 
in numbers, but we have given $25 to the church during the past year. 
We will have a fellowship supper on New Year's eve and plan a pro- 
gram for the following year. — Mrs. Elsie Olt, Richmond, Ind., Dec. 21. 

Upper Deer Creek church met in council Dec. 1. One brother re- 
turned to the church by confession. Church officers were elected: Bro. 
Frank Burrous, clerk; Bro. Bruce Walker, treasurer. Sister Eby 
will be with us in a missionary program on Dec. 30. — Mrs. Geo. R. 
Murphy, Walton, Ind., Dec, 27. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 


Prvirie View.— Nov. IS Bro. H. L. Kutluaurt' ol Wichita came to this 
church and held a two weeks" revival. The members were very much 
encouraged. Twentyonc have been baptized into the church and two 
await the rite. Our revival closed with a love feast on the evening of 
Dec. -'. W'c led that much good work has been done in this commu- 
nity. — Minnie Dasue. Scott City. Kans., Dec. Jl. 


Elmdale church met in council Dec. S and the following otVicers were 
elected: Bro. Chas. Stahl, trustee; Bro. Orville Deardortf, church treas- 
urer: Bro. Alfred Custer, clerk; Bro. Van B. Wright, eliler; the writer, 
correspondent. Bro. Martin Schotlen has been our pastor since Sept. 2}. 
On Oct. JS. which was rally day. we had an attendance of 128. Our 
attendance has been good for this time of year. Sister Marian Riiic- 
hart of Chicago brought us a short message on Sunday evening. Dec. 2. 
— Bcmice Deardorff. Clarksville. Mich.. Dec. 26. 

Fairview church met in council Dec. S. Church officers were elected 
for the coming year with Bro. Guthrie retained as elder and pastor. 
Bro. Walter Landis of the Sugar Creek church came to us Nov. II 
in a two weeks" series of meetings. As an immediate result two were 
baptized and the church was strengthened. — Gertrude E. Guthrie, 
Blissfield. Mich.. Dec. 26. 


Oak Grove. — The officers elected for the year by the church are as 
follows: superintendent. John McCormick; clerk, Alvin Martin; treas- 
urer. V. V. Thomas; elder. J. J. Anglemyer. Delegates to district 
meeting are Glenn Fruth, John McCormick; delegate to Annual Con- 
ference is Glenn Fruth. Sunday-school officers also were chosen. The 
revival meetings will begin Jan. 7 with R. N. Leatherman, evangelist. 
— I.ila Belle Martin. Alvada, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Reading. — Cnder the leadership of Bro. Harvey Lehman, our pastor, 
the interest seems good for a rural congregation for the winter months. 
We were privileged to have with us on Sunday evening, Oct. 21, the 
young folks of Woodworth congregation; they gave the play. The 
Tinker, to a full house. Our Aid gave forty issues of the Oct. 6 Mes- 
senger to homes which did not take it. On Thanksgiving eve we held 
our Thanksgiving offering social. A few of the Aid members gave the 
play. Great Possessions. Other numbers were given, including a play- 
let. The Mite Box. An offering was given for missions, which 
amounted to S80. Our congregation presented Brother and Sister Leh- 
man with a donation for Christmas. On Sunday morning the children 
and their teachers gave a Christmas program. — Rcna Hcestand, Home- 
worth. Ohio. Dec. 24. 

RichUuid church is pressing on in the Lord"s work with the following 
activities since our last report: On Oct. 14 the first homecoming ever 
held in the Richland church was enjoyed by a host of friends and mem- 
bers from the immediate community as they renewed old-time memo- 
ries. A goodly number were in attendance from a distance who once 
called this church their home. Our Bro. Edward Shepfer of Sugar 
Creek brought a masterful morning message following the Sunday- 
school hour, with 150 in attendance. Then came the bountiful dinner 
where good fellowship and tempting food left nothing to be desired. 
In the afternoon a season of song, worship and personal reminiscence 
was spent. Bro. W. L. Desenberg, former pastor, and his wife spoke 
briefly, as well as many others of the congregation, as their spirits 
were moved, relative to past and future aspects of the work of this 
church. Much regret was felt that other former pastors were unable 
to be with us, among them Brethren Ira E. Long. J. W. Fyock, C. S. 
Lehman and Lester Hcisey. Our regular quarterly council was held 
Oct. 12. with election of officers for 1935 as follows: treasurer, Lee 
Oaks; clerk. C. E. Copcland; and the writer. Messenger agent and 
correspondent. — W. Harold Copeland, Mansfield, Ohio, Dec. 24. 

Troy church just closed a very successful revival meeting with Bro. 
H. B. Martin. Gettysburg. Ohio, as evangelist. Eight were baptized 
and six received by letter. The Sunday-school and church services were 
the best in spirit and attendance the last year that has ever existed 
in this church.— Chas. L. Flory, Union, Ohio, Dec. 26. 


Chambersburg.— Dec. 2 was the close of our two weeks' evangelistic 
services conducted by the pastor. The attendance and interest were 
good. The music was furnished by local talent entirely. As a direct 
result three were baptized on Sunday afternoon, Dec. 16, a mother and 
two young boys. On the evening of Dec. 19 our choir presented a 
beautiful program of sacred music. Our H. Y. P. D. was represented 
in the rally of Cumberland Valley held at Carlisle Dec. 16. In the 
morning service of Dec. 23 a beautiful communion set was presented 
by one of our good sisters as a Christmas gift to the church. That 
evening cur junior society rendered a Christmas program, followed 
by a pageant. The Way of Peace, by the young people. At this .serv- 
ice a splendid gift was presented to the pastor and wife by two of our 
Sunday-school classes. On the evening of Christmas Day the young 
people gave the play. Christmas Blessings in a Blizzard. Our young 
people's work is being directed by Brother and Sister G. A. W. 
Stouffer. Our Bible institute Jan. 12 and 13 will be in charge of R. W. 
Schlosser. president of Elizahethtown College.— C. E. Grapes, Cham- 
VK;r«burg. Pa., Dec. 26. 

Mechanicsburg. — Nov. 4 was recognized as rally day in the Sunday- 
school and church service. The Sunday-school attendance exceeded the 
enrollment. Rev. C. H. Climanhage of Messiah Bible School in Gran- 
tliam. Pa., taught the Sunday-school lesson and gave us a much 
appreciated sermon on the subject. The Price of Leadership. In the 
evening our two weeks' revival began with our pastor, Bro. Rowland, 
doing the preaching instead ol Bro. Suavely as previously arranged. 
The attendance was good throughout the meeting. Choruses and 
quartets from Carlisle. York and Harrisburg added to the interest ol 
the meetings. Though there were no accessions we feel that the 
meeting was a blessing to our membership. Our love feast was ob- 
served the evening of Nov. 18. Brethren J. W. Hcrshman and C. H. 
Steerman were with us, the latter officiating. Sunday morning, Nov. 
25, the children's division of the Sunday-school gave a program and 
demonstration of their Africa project work; also a liberal offering 
was received. In the evening special observance of this day as a 
national day of prayer was recognized. Our church met in council 
Dec. 11. A very favorable report was given by our treasurer. A new 
board of trustees was elected to serve one, two and three years. Our 
pastor, Bro. Rowland, was reelected elder which office terminates with 
his pastorate. We expect to have a week-end Bible institute in the 
near future in charge of one of the faculty of Elizahethtown College. 
Dec. 23 in the morning the juniors and intermediates of our Sunday- 
school gave a Christmas program. — Jessie Steerman, Lemoyne, Pa., 
Dec. 26. 

Midway. — The county Sunday-school association met in our church 
on Sept. 11 with the county officers in charge. The principal speaker 
was Bro. Kiracofe of Elizahethtown College. Our evangelistic services 
were conducted by Bro. Paul Myer of Lititz, Pa. He gave us eighteen 
inspiring messages, visited in ninety homes and persuaded fourteen 
to live the Jesus way. Members and neighbors and those of adjoin- 
ing congregations cooperated with us by their prayers, attendance, of- 
ferings and Christian hospitality. Our Christian Workers are having 
successful services. Their mixed octet under the direction of Bro. 
Karl Longenecker often favors us with numbers. The junior-interme- 
diates meet each time we have services. The B. Y. P. D. occupied a 
spacious room in the basement. They are grateful to all who helped 
finance the project. The group sponsored a public peace program and 
Bro. H. K. Ober masterfully addressed us on The Problems of Peace. 
Oct. 21 Bro. Howard Merkey spoke to them on the subject. Be a Man. 
Dec. 2 the West Conestoga B. Y. P. D. gave us an exchange program 
consisting of special music and a discussion on The Golden Rule, led 
by Grace Hollinger. The girls have been doing some social work as 
a part of practical Christianity. Elders Robert Cocklin, Walter Hart- 
man and Frank Garber were with us during our love feast services. 
Our Ladies' Aid has graciously contributed to the various depart=- 
ments of the church. Our Thanksgiving offering was given to the 
District Home Mission Board.— P. H. Sanger, Lebanon, Pa., Dec. 19. 

Nowrytown. — The Church of the Brethren organized a Sunday-school 
on Dec. 2, Bro Orvie Johns being chosen superintendent. The at- 
tendance on Dec. 23 was forty. There arc eleven members of the 
church in and about Nowrytown.— Bertha Johns, Edri, Pa., Dec. 24. 

Roaring Spring church met in council Dec. 3 for the purpose of 
electing officers for the church for the year. The following were 
chosen: Bro. Early, elder; Bro. Ross B. Berkhimer, church clerk; Bro. 
Wm Metzker, trustee. We continue to have ten members on our 
financial board and three new members were elected this year. On 
Dec. 14 we held our father and son meeting with 157 men and boys 
present. Bro. Calvert N. Ellis was the main speaker. Bro. Wm. 
Blough, a student at Juniata College, sang several solos besides lead- 
ing the crowd in pep songs and choruses. The women's Bible class 
prepared the meal but the men themselves acted as waiters. The 
meeting was a decided success in every particular. Our pastor has 
been giving us some very fine messages leading up to the real mean- 
ing of the Christmas season. Dec. 16 in the evening he gave a mes- 
sage on The Lighted Candle in the Window, making one realize as 
never before what one little candle can do to bring cheer to lonely 
hearts.— Mrs. Elmer Hoover, Roaring Spring, Pa., Dec. 17. 


Bridgewater church met in council Nov. 13. Five letters were re- 
ceived and nine were granted. Church officers for the coming year 
were elected, J. S. Flory being reelected elder with Eld. N. D. Cool, 
assistant. At a called meeting on Dec. 3 the budget for the year was 
approved. We decided to make a special effort to place the church 
paper in 75 per cent of the homes. We held our communion on the 
first Sunday of November with Eld. J. M. Henry in charge. Bro. 
H. L. Alley brought us the message on Thanksgiving Day and on 
Sunday evening the young people gave a fitting program. A number 
of the younger children's Sunday-school classes brought gifts at 
Thanksgiving and had the joy and blessing of going with their teachers 
to carry them to the homes of the poor and shut-ins.— Mrs. O. F. 
Foley, Bridgewater, Va., Dec. 22. 

Oronoco.— Sisters Cora and Vernie Ringgold were with us in a Bible 
school Sept. 9 to 16. We enjoyed their help very much; they antici- 
pate being with us next summer for a longer period. Oct. 7 R. M. 
Figgers began a meeting at Blue Ridge schoolhouse; he continued 
until Oct. 12. Three came forward and reconsecrated their lives. 
Oct. 21 Bro. Jno. Kline and Geo, Beahm from Manassas, Va., in- 
stalled Frank H. Figgers and his wife to the ministry. We held our 
love feast Oct. 28 with Bro. R. M. Figgers officiating.— Lucy Figgers, 
Dronoco, Va., Dec. 22. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 


- ... ^. 
















If I Were a Preacher or Bible Teacher 

I would want to know what some of the great 
Bible students have discovered in the Word of 
God. And here are a few of the books I would 
add to my growing librarj' — 

TKe Acts of the Holy Spirit, $1.00 
By Arthur T. Pierson 

A study of the active mission and ministry of 
the Holy Spirit 

Prophecy and the Lord's Return, $1.00 
By James M. Gray 

A simple statement of what Dr. Gray finds on 
this all-important subject 

Paul the Dauntless, $1.50 
By Basil Mathews 

A book that makes Paul live and move before 
the reader's eyes 

With Christ in the School of Prayer, 75c 

By Andrew Murray 

A classic for the devotional life 

The Divinity of Christ in the Gospel of John, $1.50 
By A. T. Robertson -- 

A message every teacher and preacher should 

Peace, Perfect Peace, 40c 
By F. B. Meyer 

An ideal book to comfort the sorrowing 

Topical Text Book, 85c 
By R. A. Torrey 

A scripture textbook that leads to the Bible 

New Bible Evidence, $2.00 
By Sb- Charles Marston 

Records recent discoveries confirming the Bible 

The Simple Things of the Christian Life, 75c 
By G. Campbell Morgan 

Stresses those points that will be appreciated by 

Studies of Famous Bible Women, 75c 
By Henry T. Sell 

Treats a much neglected line of Bible characters 

Yes, if I were a preacher or Bible teacher these 
are some of the books I would begin to acquire and 
study daily in order that I might become more 
efficient in winning souls for my Master. And I 
would send my orders to 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

>*< >*< A >*« A >*i 11*1 >♦« i,*t A i*« .*< »*« i,*t »♦■ »♦< ■♦i i*i .♦< .♦< ,\ >*« »*t »*■ i*i >♦. »*< **i .♦< i*j i*i t*i i*i t*j A A t* 


The Sermon on the Mount takes on new mean- 
ing and a stronger grip every time a man of God 
digs deep into it. Our own Robert H. Miller has 
given us a new insight into its meaning in his new 
book — 

The Life Portrayed in the Sermon on the Mount 

which is greatly appreciated by those who have 
read it. Hear what these say about it — 

"I have found it very helpful." — Howard H. Keim, Jr. 

"I like it as well as anything' I have ever read on the 
Sermon on the Mount." — C. G. Hesse. 

"You have expressed extraordinary insights in language 
so simple that a wayfaring man could easily grasp your 
meaning. This, in my judgment, is no small achieve- 
ment. It represents clear thinking and honest work- 
manship." — Ernest Tittle. 

The price of this new book is $1.50. Ministers 
of the Church of the Brethren may secure it 
through the Gish Fund for 35c. 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 












































































































The Council of Boards recommends the Enve- 
lope System as an efficient and economical plan, 
teaching regular giving to all legitimate church 

What the Envelope System Does 

1. Encourages regular, systematic, liberal and cheerful giv- 

2. Simplifies the problem of raising church funds. 

3. Offers a plan by which all can give. 

4. Makes it possible to meet bills regularly. 

5. Simplifies accounting for the church treasurer. 

6. Places giving on a Christian business basis. 

7. Follows the scriptural plan. 1 Cor. 16: 2. 

8. Each week recalls the blessings of God, and what one 
should give to the Lord's work. 

The Council of Boards believes there are none better than 
Perpetual Envelopes 



Weekly Offering for Congregational Expense* 

CTljurtf) of tlfp aJrctljren 

"Upon cKe first day of the week Ic' 

)ne of you lay by hjm In 
Gol! hath ptospeted him." 1 Cor. 16.2. ^ 
















Perpetual Envelopes are economical, always good — no 
waste — and can be shipped at any time. They are dated 
thus — Jan., 1st Sunday, 2nd Sunday, etc., throughout the 
year. Each carton contains five extra envelopes for fifth 
Sundays. Envelopes are numbered consecutively, but orders 
can not be filled for any special numbering. 

Should you wish to begin using these envelopes 
any month after January, you can save those pre- 
ceding for the year following. If your year begins 
with September or October just start with those 

State whether you desire Single or Double Pock- 
et Perpetual Envelope. 

SpeciaJ price, 10 cents per set 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 

^, .*. .*. .♦. I*, i*. >♦. i*i ,*. ■*■ ■♦i 1*. A A A A !*■ *♦■ A A A »*« >♦■ A A A ■♦■ t*i t*i i*, t*i A A r*, t*i A r*, t*t i 

The War Racket 

is fully described and completely exposed in 
George Seldes' great book 


Its 400 peiges are crowded with facts, figures, names, dates 
and treasonable acts that are being carried on by the MU- 
NITION MAKERS. As a result of all this comes WAR. 
Read this sensational book and learn why billions are spent 
in war, why millions die in war, why present depression con- 
ditions must follow war. Whoever reads this great book will 
soon discover that Profit not Patriotism has been a deter- 
mining factor in war. If you want to know WHY WAR 
PROFITS." $2.50. 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 




■tt i*i »*M i*4 >*i A A >t« >♦« A >*< fcti J't ■,♦< i,*i A ■■*< >♦■■ >•»■■ A A A A A A A >♦< >■*;■ iKi A A A tt. A A A. A-A, AA^-j?'*A-AV'*^*«~A*t«V'4-A-A^*MSM?^^ 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 12, 1935 

Some oF Our Good Dollar Books 



OF e^L'R 


«\iBnT.ivl.-.-. I'O 

Selecting wisely you can make your dollars 
render a big service. 

Christ and Human Suffering, by E. Stanley Jones 
Know Your Bible, by Amos R. Wells 

Poems of Pep and Point for Public Speakers, 

by Will H. Rrown 
The World's Best Poems 
The Bible Story, l)y W'illiani Canton 

1 o o 




Life of Christ, by Giovanni Papini. 

Church Finance, by William H. Leach. 

The Parables of Jesus, by George A. Butterick. 

The Training: of the Twelve, by Alexander Bruce. 

The Impatience of a Parson, by H. R. L. Sheppard. 

Paul of Tarsus, by T. R. Glover. 

Jesus or Christianity, by Kirby Page. 

A Guide to Preachers, by A. E. Garvie. 

Personal Power, by William L. Stidger. 

Constructive Citizenship, by L. P. Jacks, 

Fast Hold on Faith, by Henry Howard. 

A Quest for Souls, by George W. Truett. 

What to Preach, by Henry Sloane Coffin. 

TTie Mind of the Master, by Ian Maclaren. 

TTie Wicket Gate, by G. A. Studdert Kennedy. 

Not Slothful in Business, by Herbert A. Bosch. 

TTie Parallel New Testament, by James Moflatt. 

Cyclopedia of Evangrelistn, by Charles L. Godell. 

The Public Worship of God, by J. R. P. Sclater. 

New Tabernacle Sermons, by T. DeWitt Talmage. 

The Cross in Christian Experience, by W. M. Clow. 

Putting the Church on a Full-time Basis, 

by A. W. Beaven. 
My Message to Sunday-school Workers, 

by Marion Lawrance. 
Leaves from the Notebook of a Tamed Cynic, 

by Reinold Niebhur. 
Greatest Thoughts About Jesus Christ, 

by J. Gilchrist Lawson. 
The Trial and Death of Jesus Christ, 

by James Stalker. 
Funeral Sermons and Outline Afldresses, 

by William E. Ketcham. 
Many Mansions (Sermons on Immortality) 

by John MacNeill. 
TTie Making of the Christian Mind, 

by Gaius Glenn Atkins. 
Apostolic Optimism, 

The Preacher— His Life and Work, 

by J. H. Jowett. 

My Life and Story of the Gospel Hymns, 

by Ira D. Sankey. 
With Memry and with Judgiment, 
Lord, Teach Us to Pray, 

by Alexander Whyte. 
Men Whom Jesus Made, 
Bible Types of Modem Women, First Series, 

by W. Mackintosh Mackay. 
Ever Open Door, 
Gateways of the Stars, 
Highways to the Heart, 

by G. H. Morrison. 
Sermons on BibUcal Characters, 
More Sermons on BibUcal Characters, 
Sermons on Old and New Testainvent Characters, 

by Clevis G. Chappell. 
100 Prayer Meeting Talks and Plans, 
100 Revival Sermons and Outlines, 
100 Great Texts and Their Treatment, 
1,000 Thoughts for Fimeral Occasions, 

by Frederick Barton. 

1.000 Evangelistic Illustrations, 
300 Evangelist Sermon Outlines, 
Cyclopedia of Sermon Outlines, 

1.001 Illustrations for Pulpits and Platforms, 

by Aquilla Webb. 
Contrary Winds, 
David, King of Israel, 
Paul, the Missionary, 
The Miracles of Our Savior, 
The Parables of Our Savior, 

by W. M. Taylor. 
TTie Evangelistic Encyclopedia, 
100 Choice Sermons for Children, 
5,000 Best Modem Illustrations, 
300 Five Minute Sermons for Children, 
100 Best Sermons for Special Days and Occasions, 
Cyclopedia of Sermon Outlines for Special Days and 


by G. B. F. Hallock. 



Children of the Covered Wagon 

By Mary Jane Carr 

A story of the days when throngs lumbered across the 
jjlains to the Pacific Coast. Your Juniors and Intermediates 
will enjoy it and get a new insight into the making of our 
country. Fascinating. Price, $2.00. 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 


*^ The Fine Art of Motherhood 



By Ella Broadus Robertson 

A grand book that exalts the position of wife and mother 

and helps every woman to do her best for her family. 

Read, enjoyed and recommended by thousands of mothers 
and others. Price, $1.50. 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 



Vol. 84 

Elgin, 111., January 19, 1935 

No. 3 

Photo by E. G. Hoff 

A Winter Path In an Elgin Park 


It Is Man Who Matters (H. A. B.) 3 

We Think We Can Learn (E. F.) 3 

Negative or Positive, Which? (J. W. L.) 3 

The Christian Message and Task for Today. — No. 3 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

The Quiet Honr (G. B. R.) 17 

General Forum — 

High Noon (Verse). By Minnie B. Sherrick 5 

How Should a Christian Dress? By Galen T. Lehman 5 

What Causes War?— No. 4. By Kermit Eby 6 

Sharing Observations With the Home Church.— No. 12. By C. D. 
Bonsack 7 

Teaching the Sermon on the Mount. By Paul Mohler 9 

Are You a Doubter? By Julia Graydon 10 

Home and Family — 

The Silent Land (Verse). Translation by Ora W. Garber 10 

Glorified Garments. By Leo Lillian Wise 10 

The Book of Remembrance. By D. E. Cripe 11 

Monthly Financial Statement (C. M. C.) 12 

Missions — 

Evangelism in India. By Mrs. Harlan J. Brooks 13 

What to Pray For 14 

"And They Sing a New Song'' 15 

News From the Field. By Elizabeth W. Ober'holtzer 15 

The Church at Work- 
Hit and Miss Sermons; Bethany Ministers' Conference; Loan Library; 
Cooperation at Springfield; Cooperative Evangelism; Compulsory 
Military Training; Peace Activities; The Question of Church Fi- 
nance; The Inner Chamber; Essentials of Leadership; Fathers and 
Sons; Women's Work in 19,55; The Leader as an Individual; Why 
an Intermediate Program? What Is the Unique Task of a Local 
Director of Children's Work? 18-22 


2 THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19. 1935 

{■mi« [l l|BI II I BII IIBI I Iia [I IIBI I I|»| l ip|l ipil l|BI II | BB | ll l «ll l|B| l l|B| I IIB| l ljB| l l|^ 

'■^ iTi iTi iTiTi riTi riTi riTi iTiTi rill iTiTi iTiTi ri^ 




A LETTEJi from a grand old man : " Please find five 
dollars as my last donation to the Lord's work of mis- 
sions. As I now slip over I hope otie hundred otliers 
will take my place and do more than I ever have done 
for the Lord's work. So I must say good-bye as I am 
now in my 95th year. Will be ready to step over the 
way. May the good work of the Lord go on till we 
meet on the other side and say good morning and be 
with the Lord forever. So good-bye, my dear breth- 
ren." See facsimile record of this brother's giving for 
the past six years shown below. 

How similar to St. Paul's glorious retrospect! " For 
I am already being offered, and the time of my depar- 
ture is come. I have fought the good fight, I have fin- 

^yC^l^ C/L^l^tf^ 

Gove |12.50 for W. W. Missions Jan. 9, 1929 

3-20-29 - $13.10 W. W. Missions. Rec. 112506 

5-29-29 - 550.00 Conf. Budget. Reo . #113471 
4-11-30 $64.69 W. W. Missions #122407 
Gere $£.C-0 for Home Missions 12-l-'30 #126427. 

■' $15. OC for 'H.-n. Missions 3-16-31 #130018 
Gave $20.00 for Conf. Budget 5-29-'31 #130803. 

" $10 ff. W. ^'lssion3 12-16-31 #134073 

■■ 510. 5-20-32 #137645 

,. ^10. 11-17-32 # 1403o3 

Cevs %-..0j for Africa Missi on l-3-'33 #141161. 

^>^ ^^ ^cgC 

Gave 16.00 for W. W. Uissions 2-17-'33 #142249, 
4.00 Con. Bud. 5-26-'33. #144320. 
O^TO $5.00 for Cor.f. Budget 9-20-'33 #146094. 
Gave 15.00 for «. V/. Missions ll-10-'33 #146652. 
Ort" llCOO for W.W. Missions 2-l2-'34 #148638. 
" $10 " "" " 5-11-34 #150606 

Gavo $10.00 for Conf. Budget 9-n-'34 #151986. 
Geve $10.00 for Conf. Budget 9-10- '34 #152654. 
Gave $15.00 for VT. W. MiBslons il-9-'34 #153524. 
" $5.00 " " " 12-21-34 #154275 

ished the course, I have kept the faith: henceforth there 
is laid up far me the crown of righteousness, which the 
Lord, the righteous judge, shall give to me at tlutt day; 
and not to me only, but also to all them that have loved 
his appearing " (2 Tim. 4: 6-8). 


" We had no crops here in this part of the country, 
but am sending $4, my little mite. Hope it will help 
some one. Wishing you all a Merry Christmas." — A 
brother in North Dakota. 


Three families give $1,100. The first $500 was sent 
by a man away from home to his pastor so the local 
church would get credit for his mission gift. 

The second was a $500 gift sent, $300 by the daugh- 
ter and $200 by the mother. The third gift was a $100 
check signed by the daughter in behalf of her father. 
What a glorious thing for families to be able both spir- 
itually and financially to give in this way ! 


Let us all ask ourselves these questions. What kind 
of a person does Christ want me to be? Second, what 
kind of a person do I want to be? Third, what kind 
of a church do I want? Fourth, what kind of a world 
am I helping this world to be? Fifth, how much am I 
able spiritually and financially to give that the church 
may go forward in a glorious way ? Am I willing to 
.set .stakes beyond what I have ever done before that's name might be lifted np and glorified through- 
out the world? 


Elgin, Illinois 

hrt itri ititi ititi itiTi ititi itit; iliti itrt 




H. A. BRANDT— /4ssis(an( Editor 

Vol. 84 

Elgin, 111, January 19, 1935 

No. 3 


It Is Man Who Matters 

When Pittsburgh's new six million dollar post office 
was opened for the public there were depositories 
marked special delivery, air mail and letters in bulk. 
But no place was provided for the average customer to 
drop his three-cent letter ! In his dreaming of the big 
and splendid things that go to make a post office, the 
architect had quite forgotten the most obvious conveni- 
ence, and ordinary letter drop ! 

This looks to us like an up-to-the-minute illustration 
of the impractical element in current thinking and plan- 
ning. It reminds one of the doctor who boasts that the 
operation was a success, though incidentally the patient 
died. Or of the institution which becomes greater and 
greater, while those who make it so, fall by the way and 
end on a human junk pile. When will we remember 
that most basic of all facts, that it is man who matters ? 

H. A. B. 

We Think We Can Learn 

" Does responsibility worry you ?" he asked, and he 
had good reason to ask it, for responsibility was weigh- 
ing on him heavily. An important mission had been 
committed to his leading. Hard questions were 
wrapped up in it, questions calling for decision diffi- 
cult and delicate. He was troubled. 

I hardly knew what to say. What would an honest 
answer be? Had I not written of the foolishness of 
worry? Most assuredly. In the truly scientific spirit 
I had accepted the convenient division of things to 
worry about into two classes : what you can not help 
and what you can. There was no use worrying about 
the things you can not help, for you are not responsible 
for them. As for what you can help, the thing to do 
was to get busy and help it, so there was no occasion 
to worry about that. Thus the whole case was covered. 
And yet I knew that I was sometimes guilty of this 

I told him that when I knew I had done my best, 
when I had given the problem " as much as in me is," 
I could dismiss my worries and have peace. As long as 
I had not done that, I could not rest. He agreed that 
this was sound procedure, and offered the wise reflec- 
tion that people less conscientious have fewer worries. 
We both found some comfort in that truth. We did 
not covet that kind of peace. 

We are going to try a little harder to give our bottom 
best to the tasks assigned us, and then leave the case 
with him whose we are, weaknesses and shortcomings 
notwithstanding. Short of this, we ought to worry. 
We have no right to rest. Having done this, we dare 
not worry. Then our cares are his, and we think we 
can learn to leave them there. E. f. 

Negative or Positive, Which? 

Profits ! profits ! the world has almost lost the place 
of decency. Misery, vice, crime, slaughter, all for 
profit. Economic individualism. What a system ! The 
enriching of the few by pauperizing the many. 

The profit system is charged with many vicious prac- 
tices but none more so than those of the munitions 
makers. Senators Nye, Vandenburg and Clark, mem- 
bers of the committee investigating munitions, have un- 
earthed some startling facts. 

The munitions firms and militarists generally are 
viewing with alarm the persevering, determined efforts 
of the committee. Threats, false accusations, ridicule is 
resorted to in order to check the net results of the in- 

The government appropriated money to carry on this 
investigation. The committee was appointed and em- 
powered to do the work. The revelations, however, 
are so terribly shocking and they are so menacing to 
the munitions makers' business that there is grave dan- 
ger of an attempt at strangulation. Somehow this posi- 
tive testimony must be negated or these national pa- 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E^ Arnold, General Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. Acceptance for mailing 
at special rate of postage provided for in section n03. Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 20, 1918. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19. 1935 

triot* i^ ?^ will lose not only tluir laco but what will 
hurt worse. tJwir frofits. 

What means this move of President Roosevelt on 
Dec. 12. at which time he appointed a large eoniniittce 
to ■' discuss and recommend legislation which would 
look to taking the profits out of war "' ? \\"e are wont to 
respect our President. We would like to know, how- 
ever, what this latter move may mean. ]\Iay it be an 
excuse to withdraw appro|")riations from the Nye com- 
mittee ? May it be a mo\e to draw attention from the 
p)enetrating and far-reaching work of the investigation 
by the otFer of a remedial sop? 

Be careful. Mr. Prcsitlent. Do not allow the innocent 
wives, mothers and children to be betrayed with a kiss 
delivered by those who would destroy them for the sake 
of silver. Remember. Mr. President, that the slogans, 
" A war to end war."' " A war to make the world safe 
for democracy." do not sound so attractive now that the 
real cause of war is being declared from the housetops. 

But now. members of the Brethren church, do you 
know that our President is in a tight place arni needs 
help? Do you know that the profiteers of the war game 
are always and ever on his trail? We do know that 
they will leave no stone unturned in order that they may 
carry on. 

In the face of this situation are we going to be nega- 
tive or positive pacifists? Must we remain on the de- 
fensive or may we take the place of aggressors? After 
our Conference declaration at Ames last June will we 
now take lying down from these enemies of righteous- 
ness anything they may attempt to put across? 

Every church in our fraternity^ should send letters at 
once to the President, urging that he publicly declare 
his desire that the Ny^e investigation continue. Student 
bodies and faculty groups as well as individuals should 
do the same. Moreover, these same institutions and in- 
dividuals should write the members of the committee — 
Xye, Vandcnburg and Clark — encouraging them to go 
forward and that they ofTer individual bills in the next 
Congress and not leave this matter to a committee 
whose sympathies may not be in favor of " peace on 
earth and goodwill to men." 

Which will we be now in this crisis, negative or posi- 
tive pacifists? Which? If we mean business let the 
pastors and leaders generally get busy. Congress will 
be in session before this is printed. Act at once. We 
may not stop war but we can do our utmost advocating 
p>eace. j. w. l. 

The Christian Message and Task for Today 

3. Commitment to Christian Social Ideals 

Translated into concrete terms this means, over 
against an indifiFerent and secular world, an insistence 
upon human values as the supreme test in all the rela- 
tionships of life. It means a searching criticism of a 

social order which, in contrast with the vast fruitful- 
ness of nature and invention, leaves millions in poverty, 
provides no adequate protection against unemployment 
or the disability arising from disease, accident or old 
age. It means we can no longer condemn a whole block 
of our fellow human beings to permanent and dis- 
criminatory restriction of opportunity because of race 
or color. It means a complete turning away from the 
tragic peril and waste of war and from the condoning 
of coercion, violence, vast armaments, the sale of muni- 
tions for profit and the economic exploitation of weaker 

While the church can not wisely commit itself to con- 
crete partisan programs, it must nevertheless all the 
more clearly summon the conscience of mankind to re- 
view, contrast and evaluate such programs in the light 
of the Christian ideal. It is not the task of the church 
to formulate methods by which reforms are to proceed. 
Its responsibility is so to proclaim the contemporary ap- 
plication of eternal truths that men wrestling with the 
practical problems of a new order shall not lack moral 
guidance or spiritual support. 

Particularly in the area of economic relationships, 
which is so much in the focus of attention today, we 
would urge, in the light of Christian standards, that: 

(a) The ultimate and controlling motive in eco- 
nomic enterprise must be the service of the common 
good. Financial success is not true success unless all 
concerned are adequately served and benefited. 

(b) The rewards of individuals must stand in just 
relationship to their productivity and social usefulness. 

(c) Wealth must not be so distributed as to break 
down human fellowship, the experience of brotherhood, 
and the sense of sharing a common earthly destiny. 

In establishing Christian ideals in the social order, 
laymen are especially involved. The call is for Chris- 
tian business and professional men to recognize and be 
sensitive to the denials of justice and human brother- 
hood implicit in many phases of our acquisitive society 
and in their place to seek to build a better civilization in 
harmony with Christian standards. There must be no 
gap between clergy and laity at this point. For the 
practical solution of these social problems the laymen 
of the Christian church are peculiarly fitted and are 
situated where they can be greatly influential. Above 
all, it is necessary in this work of social exploration to- 
ward a more Christian way of living together that we 
maintain that spirit of love and patient understanding 
which shall make it possible, even across all honest dif- 
ference as to duty and method, to keep alive the con- 
sciousness of brotherhood and unity. — Dayton Meetmg 
of I he Federal Council. 

"And there rememberest that thy brother hath aught 
against thee ... be reconciled to thy brother." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


High Noon 


When broods the graying shadows of life's day 
And years their fingers on the pulses lay. 
While love of life creeps close and folds you round 
And fond you cling like clinging autumn leaves 
Ere losing hold and fluttering to the ground; 
If faith glows strong, unquestioning, and sure. 
And hope soars on attune, and loves endure; 
Say not, '"Tis eventide come swift and soon" — 
'Tis but high noon. 

North Manchester, Ind. 

How Should a Christian Dress? 


Since the clothing industry is one of our major in- 
dustries employing millions of people, and requiring the 
expenditure of billions of dollars, it would seem the 
part of wisdom to inquire concerning the purpose and 
function of clothing, its use and abuse. The general 
purpose of clothing would seem to be for protection, 
protection from the weather, and protection from the 
eye. Too often, however, it does not do either one. A 
newspaper comment suggests that girls used to wear 
many unmentionables', now they wear scarcely any- 
thing worth mentioning. 

We are not suggesting that the fashions today are 
Averse than they were several generations ago. Most 
any normal person likes to see people well dressed, and 
women in particular, long to look beautiful. However, 
in their effort to look beautiful they ofttimes go to the 
extreme and appear ridiculous. Personally I deny that 
women dress as they do to attract the men. It is rather 
for the most part an inter- female race in which each 
is trying to outstrip the others, and only succeeds in 
showing herself up, while the men make wisecracks at 
the contestants' expense. 

Dr. William Brady, writing in the personal health 
service of a daily paper, made this observation : " A 
girl or woman wearing obvious lipstick and other 
make-up, makes the same impressioij as does one chew- 
ing gum or showing a dirty neck." Even assuming 
that cosmetics may be all right in their place, people 
should at least use an equal portion of discretion. 
Many calcimined countenances are as artificial at fifty 
paces as a circus clown, and not half as artfully done. 

If a girl is insulted or mistreated it is usually because 
of her clothes or her conduct. Two young ladies were 
accosted and insulted on the street by a couple of 
■ young men. They were called to task for their con- 
duct. Some one said to them : " Didn't you know that 

they were respectable girls who came from good 
homes ?" To which came the answer : " Well, they 
were not dressed that way." 

Some years ago the late Dr. Frank Crane wrote an 
article for a magazine on how he liked a woman to ap- 
pear. In brief he said he liked a woman to be herself. 
Every personality is attractive. He felt that you should 
wear clothes that are fitted for you. and not what looks 
good on somebody else. Then, too, he liked for a wom- 
an to look her age, for their is a charm to age. He felt 
that a woman can be beautiful at sixty, but she must be 
so in the manner of sixty, and not sixteen. Further- 
more he liked for a woman to look clean, and con- 
cluded that uncleanness is something that is put on, or 
allowed to get on. The suggestion was made that the 
same attention should be used on home gowns as so- 
ciety gowns, on the appearance in the home as in pub- 
lic. Finally, he felt that a woman should fit her en- 
vironment. Mention was made of nurses in uniform, 
waitresses, stenographers and others who dressed ap- 
propriate for their position. He mentioned that knick- 
ers might be quite the thing for horseback riding, but 
not for attendance at church. 

In answer to the question, " Are simplicity and mod- 
esty in woman's attire more attractive to men than 
elaborate dress and make-up?" Dr. Albert Wiggam, 
a noted psychologist, lecturer and writer replies : " As 
men advance from barbarism to civilization their art, 
both in dress and every other field, tends towards sim- 
plicity, elimination of nonessentials, discarding of orna- 
mentation. Men of cultivated tastes, sound judgment, 
wide observation in society, prefer the simple, the ele- 
gant but quiet in woman's dress as in all art. Ornamen- 
tation and elaborate make-up are simply an exhibition 
of primitive and uncultivated taste." 

Sensible people tend to appreciate people, not be- 
cause of the way they dress, but because of what they 
are. We also tend to respect people more if they dress 
within their means. The interesting thing is that peo- 
ple who can best afford fine clothes often spend less time 
and money on them. It should further be remembered 
that after all the cost and number of one's clothes is no 
index to one's appearance. There is no excuse for any- 
one appearing careless, slovenly or unclean. 

Russell Conwell made the statement that, " The se- 
cret of good dressing is to dress so that people do not 
particularly notice your clothing." The reason people 
make such an effort to keep up to the latest styles is to 
draw attention to their clothes, they desire to make 
themselves conspicuous. 

To say the least, a Christian will want to use jewelry 
with discretion. Jewelry sometimes represents a prom- 
ise, pledge, or membership in some organization, but 
even then we wonder if the validity of an engagement 
depends upon a diamond ring, or of marriage on a 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 

wedding ring. True, they may afford a woman some 
protection, but after all the greatest protection is a 
modest, pure character that lives above reproach. It is 
to be noted that the more primitive and pagan people 
are the more they load themselves down with jewelry. 
It is difficult for the writer to appreciate the value of 
ear rings, especially on Christians, and when at our An- 
nual Conference he saw a woman with a prayer veil 
on her head, and earrings in her ears he was impressed 
with the incongruit\- of the situation. 

In a needy world the Christian will want to be care- 
ful about spending excessively for clothes. The editor 
of a paper in a cit}' in Illinois told me an interesting 
story of a Swedish servant girl who came to the city 
and acted as a servant in homes of the city for thirty 
years. She united with a Protestant church of the 
city and attended services regularly. She dressed mod- 
estly though most of the women of the church dressed 
in the latest styles. She felt that the women snubbed her 
because of her clothes and told the pastor that she felt 
at times like leaving and going to some other church, 
but he prevailed on her to continue faithful. When she 
died it was found that she had willed over six thousand 
dollars of her hard earned money to the local church 
of which she was a member. By spending an addi- 
tional hundred and fifty dollars more per year on 
clothes she could have kept up the pace with the other 
women of the church, but she would not have had any 
money to leave to promote the Lord's work. The whole 
question of stewardship is linked up with the manner 
of our dress. 

Clothes are a manifestation of character. As the 
weather vane announces the wnnd, so does dress mani- 
fest character. Clothes do not make character, as wool 
does not make sheep, but lustful creations are as un- 
natural for a Christian, as a lion pelt is for a sheep. 

Modesty, although a forgotten virtue, is still a much 
needed one. When you see the way many dress it is 
easily seen how they are throwing themselves and oth- 
ers open to temptation that will cause them to fall. It 
is difficult to see how persons can glorify God in the 
body, when they are so scantily dressed as to leave little 
or nothing to the imagination. It would be difficult to 
imagine Mary, the Mother of Jesus, going about in one 
of the modern abbreviated bathing suits. 

There is something about an undue attention to dress 
that detracts from an interest in spiritual things, and 
rlulls one's spiritual sensibilities. Many persons, who 
can devote hours each week to their own clothing and 
personal appearance, claim they can not find time for 
as much as five minutes in personal devotion each day. 
Paul said : " To whom ye surrender yourselves as 
servants of obedience, his servants ye are." The ma- 
jority of people today are better versed on fashion 
robes, than robes of righteousness. Many would rather 

be out of the world than out of style. There is too 
much time spent in front of the mirror, and not enough 
on their knees in prayer. 

Our attire should be the spiritual expression of a 
spiritual life. "Whose adorning let it not be the out- 
ward adorning of braiding the hair, and of wearing 
jewels of gold, or of putting on apparel, but let it be 
the hidden man of the heart, in the incorruptible ap- 
parel of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight 
of God of great price." When we have a complete 
transformation of the individual we will be in a fair 
way towards the solution of this problem. 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

What Causes War 


IV. Tariffs 

Nations, like individuals, consider themselves pros- 
perous if at the end of the year there is a " balance " in 
their favor. Nations are anxious to insure an excess of 
exports over imports ; individuals to save something 
above their living costs. 

Today, every nation is anxious for the same results — 
a favorable balance of trade, or excess of exports over 
imports. In order to guarantee the result, they protect 
their internal markets by tariff walls, and often sub- 
sidize their exports. Such a policy tends to raise the 
cost of living and impoverish the consumers who must 
pay higher prices for foods and goods which could be 
produced more cheaply in another state. Modern Ger- 
many is perhaps the best illustration of the results of 
such a policy. 

Obviously, every nation can not have the advantage 
in its favor. If some have a plus others must have a 
minus. Just as when within the state some have an ex- 
cess, they have it at the expense of others who lack. 

Nations are anxious to maintain a favorable balance 
because it adds to their sense of security. The gold 
paid in by the other nations enables them to purchase 
the goods and raw materials which it is impossible for 
them to produce, and makes them relatively more safe 
in time of war. Individuals save because of a desire for 
security in old age ; once given security by unemploy- 
ment insurance and old age pensions, savings will lose 
their attractiveness. 

Excessive tariffs then grow out of feelings of in- 
security ; feelings of insecurity lead to fear and a hyper- 
nationalism ; and nationalism leads to economic and 
then actual war. For example, when America, anxious 
to maintain her high standard of living by building up 
her tariff walls, passed the Smoot-Hawley tariff in 
1928, she actually precipitated the collapse of her pros- 
jK-rity ; for no nation could continue buying American 
goods without selling some in turn. When one Eu- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 

ropean nation passes a tariff, the others retahate and 
each in turn is impoverished. It was this impoverish- 
ment that brought dictators. 

There is only one solution — mutual trust and honest 
recognition of the fact that your plus means the other's 
minus — for as your neighbor becomes poorer he impov- 
erishes you because he can no longer buy your goods. 
Nationally, we must recognize that the only " ideal '' 
situation is a balance in the exchange of goods. Indi- 
vidually, each of us would be better off as consumers, if 
trade barriers were entirely destroyed and trade like 
water found its own level. What do we care if Czecho- 
slovakia can produce shoes more cheaply than the 
United States, when we need shoes? 

If we want peace, we can not as nations or indi- 
viduals continue protecting our plus and increasing the 
other person's minus. Security only comes when it is 

Perhaps nations as well as individuals who pose as 
Christians might answer : " Lord, when saw we thee 
hungry and fed thee ? or athirst, and gave thee drink ?" 

It's remarkable how some of the finest teachings of 
Christ are associated with " eating and drinking." 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Sharing Observations VUth the Home Church 


Secretary of the General Mission Board 

Twelfth I nstallme-yit 
November 9. What a necessity for a rural back- 
ground and consciousness in the average mission sta- 
tion ! Most of the people in all mission fields get their 
living out of the soil. Perhaps the heart of our eco- 
nomic perplexities in the West is the fact that too large 
a proportion of our citizens have forgotten that the 
fundamental necessities of life and industry originate 
in the soil and air. Anyhow this morning members of 
the deputation are talking about pruning orange trees, 
mulching the soil to retain moisture, the proper care of 
hogs in a tropical climate, the management of farm 
machinery and more problems too numerous to mention. 
Not only are they talking, but doing what they can to 
encourage this experiment and that. Even Bro. Miller 
has forgotten that fifty years and more have been in 
merchandising, for his youth on the farm is asserting 
itself in the experiences of these days. Overalls and 
pruning shears give our junior member a famihar ap- 
pearance among the thorns of the unbudded oranges. 
Thus the days and hours are filled with something that 
must be done. In the afternoon we drove six miles to 
Dille, which was the first location of a station in the 
Margi area. It is now operated as an outstation and 
gives great promise. About seventy people gathered on 
a busy afternoon under a most wonderful tree. Here 

an interesting service was held. Each member of the 
deputation said a few words through Bro. Kulp as in- 
terpreter, and then he spoke to their deep interest. A 
few were wanting to become Christians and the outlook 
seems most hopeful. A cup of tea and a few more 
songs under the shade of this glorious temple of God 
and then we returned to Lassa. In the evening a sta- 
tion meeting was held in which the intimate and difficult 
problems of the work were discussed. Maintaining 
healthful evangelism, the kind of schools, length of a 
term of service, a baby home, use of native teachers and 
workers and a host of other things kept up the interest 
until late in the night. If the folks in the home church 
knew the number and difficulties of these problems, they 
would understand how every good missionary will do 
without sleep or meals, if need be, to talk over these 
things with folks from the home church. It often helps 
to clear the way for wiser procedure, and too, it pre- 
vents one from almost bursting over the deepened in- 
terest in these problems that grow with the work and 
the years. 

November lo. This was Saturday and a day for a 
lot of chores before returning to Garkida. Some photo- 
graphs to be taken, more pruning lessons on orange 
trees, some conferences about methods of procedure, 
visiting again some of the station activities, getting 
ready for the evening communion, these and other 
things too numerous to mention served to keep us busy. 
The communion service was in the church house more 
than a half mile from the mission compound. This 
church house was built by the native church and com- 
munity and is a credit to them. It is of mud, with 
straw roof, will seat probably two hundred people and 
is a decided improvement over the earlier efforts at vil- 
lage churches. Thirty-four communed. A large group 
of spectators seemed deeply impressed. Inquiries 
would indicate that there is developing a new interest 
among the older people of the community, and if such 
interest can grow as it might, one can look for a kind of 
mass movement toward Christianity sometime in the 
years just ahead. 

November ii. A beautiful Svmday morning makes 
one feel that he must worship, and this feeling was in- 
tensified as a carrier brought our mail over from Gar- 
kida seventy miles away. The home folks can not quite 
understand what getting mail in Africa means. After 
a week or two, out of touch with all the world more 
or less, one has an exciting feeling to know what is 
happening and to get a line from home and friends. 
But the church hour is at hand and we dare not open the 
mail until after services, since we are expected to give 
our last talk for this trip to these kindly people. The 
attendance is good and the interest rather marked, con- 
sidering the difficulties under which preaching through 
an interpreter must be to the people as well as the 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 

speaker. After services we returned to the mail and in 
a few minutes we were living ajjain with the church in 
America. What a blessing the imagination is anyhow ! 
By it we can in an instant travel around the world, visit 
friends, go back through history and forward into 
eternity ! It is dangerous to roly too much upon it ; but 
life would be very much (.killer intleed without it. Again 
we thank God for even this — only one little attribute of 
the human mind. The evening serA-ice was entirely in 
the hands of the native church. We attended. A young 
African gave a stirring talk, especially directed to the 
older people of the congregation, asking why they allow 
the yoimger folks to lead out in this new life of God. 
They have their own way of expressing truth which is 
both huinan and effective. God grant that these older 
folks may be able to break from the strong bands of the 
past and tind God in Christ Jesus as the way to the 
more abundant life. 

Xofcuibcr IJ?. We had a busy day of letter writing, 
with a final looking over of buildings and work before 
leaving the station. We feel that the work at this sta- 
tion has a most healthful and promising outlook. The 
importance of the work in all its relations seems to be 
kept uppermost and first things seem to be kept first. It 
is so easy to allow a lot of details to take up the time of 
a missionar)-, to the point that the more important things 
are neglected. This was one of the criticisms of the 
Laymen's Report, and this criticism has too often had 
reasons for being made. Neither is it always the fault 
of the missionar\' that such is the case; but if it is ever 
to be remedied, it is likely to be done by the missionary 
or by the administrative authority on the field. There 
is no magic b}' which failure or mediocre conditions 
can be turned into success in anything, except by sane 
and courageous application to the task at hand. Chris- 
tian missions are certainly no exception, since they rep- 
resent the most vital and perhaps the most difficult task 
entrusted to " us mortals here below." It is really 
marvelous, therefore, how God has blessed the work in 
so many ways; it is evident that he is anxious that it 
succeed ! 

November / ?. We were up at five in the morning to 
start on our return trip to Garkida. Wading the river 
at six in the morning, after a cold night, was at least 
refreshing and stimulating, if not a bit dangerous for 
those not used to it. Bro. Miller had already been de- 
veloping a cold, but his youthful vigor made him feel it 
would do no harm, and we are hoping that it will not. 
W'e were twenty miles on the way and had waded two 
rivers when breakfast was served on the beach of the 
second. It is needless to say that all appetites were 
equal to the occasion and indulged in to full measure, 
since the doctor was our chauffeur and faithful guardi- 
an on the way. Besides the lunch prepared by Mrs. 
Kulp was as appetizing as our hunger was keen. We 

again stopped at Michika to see the African district 
iioad. He invited us into his compound and introduced 
us to the cliief anumg his manv wives, who proved her- 
scll a lady of winsomeness and social skill in goodwill 
and cntertaiiunent. even though we could not say a 
word. This chief has a son in school at Lassa and is 
devotedly fond of the mission and its workers and is al- 
ways willing to do anything to show it. The rest of 
the trip was tineventful and we arrived at Garkida at 
3: 15 P. M., after having left Lassa at a little before 
6 .\. ]\I., a distance of 1 13 miles by motor road. This is 
a marvelous saving in time over the trip by horseback, 
which requires three or four days ; yet this was the only 
way six years ago. At the end of such a journey, made 
under a tropical sun. a bath is more of a luxury than 
any ordinaiy American can even imagine. After a good 
supper with Doctor and Mrs. Burke we were eager 
candidates for a night of refreshing sleep. 

November i /. This was our last full day at Garkida, 
for the next day we went to Marama where the annual 
conference is to be held while we are in their midst. 
So we were expected to make a last survey of buildings, 
grounds and other matters for the records of the 
Boards, as well as make an}' suggestions for the meet- 
ing on the morrow for the betterment of the work. It 
is needless to say, too, that these important matters 
were not left to this last minute, for many recommenda- 
tions were already in the hands of the secretary. But 
after visiting other stations there were comparisons,, 
new viewpoints and ideas for consideration. We 
needed also to get a half dozen letters in the mail. So 
the days seemed to increase in their busy hours as the 
size of the job and the problems of the work multiplied. 
Then all the unexpected things of every day came in 
for their consideration. Here was a carpenter with a 
thumb badly cut who told with great emotion of his 
trouble with a fellow workman ; then there was a re- 
quest to pack our baggage quickly for carriers to take 
to Marama forty miles away. They carry sixty poiinds 
this distance for twenty-five cents, or one shilling. Rail- 
roads can not meet this competition until speed is more 
of a factor, and one even doubts if railroads can exceed. 
the speed ; for in twenty-four hours the baggage is de- 
livered at one's house for that price. A survey was 
made of a few buildings that we had not yet examined 
with care. At the Leper Colony we attended a session 
of court. Seven cases were brought before the chief 
of the village. The first case was that of stealing an 
ax, which was ordered returned. The second was a 
case of witchcraft, where a woman was charged with 
(lie illness of a child. The chief, who is (jf the tribe of 
the Jutlanis, as was also the man who charged the wom- 
an, .said after hearing the case that Fulanis do not be- 
lieve in witchcraft and therefore the plaintiff should not 
have brought the charges. The child was ordered sent 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


to the hospital for treatment. Thus the seven cases 
were disposed of in about an hour. Some were post- 
poned on account of lack of witnesses, others dismissed. 
But all proceeded in a real court-like manner. There 
were no lawyers, nor lawyers' fees or speeches. The 
parties gave their own testimony, while the chief 
thoughtfully moved his fingerless hands in the sand 
before him. He seemed wise and fair in all decisions. 
Few people can imagine the problems arising among 
this group of about 400 lepers. Here are many tribes 
and temperaments represented by those in many stages 
of this dread disease. The government gives a sub- 
sistence, which is probably more than the wage of the 
average citizen. This money presents a great tempta- 
tion to spend it in ways that ought not to be, and they 
are tempted to run away, which is contrary to the rules 
of the colony. The most careful supervision and guid- 
ance will be necessary to make this pathetic group of 
human sufferers an increasing blessing to themselves. 

Teaching the Sermon on the Mount 

The Treasure Lesson 

When Jesus discussed any subject thoroughly, we 
feel that the last word has been said. It is then our 
great privilege to examine carefully into all his state- 
ments and see what they mean to us. His discussion of 
the great subject of investments has been proven true 
to the last detail by innumerable witnesses. It should 
be accepted as the guide for humanity in its distress 
today. It is found in Matt. 6 : 19-33. 

To get his statements before you or your class for 
-study, take a sheet of paper or a blackboard divided in 
right and left sections. As a heading for the whole 
board set How It Works. Over the left section set 
Treasure on Earth; over the right, Treasure in Heaven. 
Now set in the left section what Jesus said would be 
the result of laying one's treasure up on earth. ( 1 ) It 
may spoil. (2) It may be lost. (3) It will hold your 
heart on earth. (4) It will cloud moral vision. (5) 
You will serve mammon. (6) You will love mammon. 
(7) You will hate God. (8) You will hold to mam- 
mon. (9) You will despise God. (10) It will not ex- 
tend your life. 

In the right section set what he said would result 
from laying up treasure in heaven. (1) It will not 
spoil. (2) It will not be lost. (3) It will bind your 
heart to heaven. (4) It will clear moral vision. (5) 
You will serve God. (6) You will love God. (7) You 
will hate mammon. (8) You will hold fast to God. 
(9) You will despise mammon. (10) It will insure the 
supply of all your needs for life. 

Look over the first list ; how many of its statements 
can you verify in the people around you and of whom 

you read? Remember that in a world in which the 
gospel is preached, it is almost impossible to find a man 
who is entirely given over to laying up treasure on 
earth, but you can find evidence of the inevitable 
tendency of that course if followed fully. Take time 
to dwell on the picture of a man in that condition. (1) 
He is a prey to anxiety. (2) His whole affections are 
set on earth. What must it be for a man to leave this 
life with all that he loves remaining here where he has 
no chance to enjoy it — and nothing ahead of him to en- 
joy throughout eternity? (3) He is unable to dis- 
tinguish right from wrong, a safe course from danger. 
Compare 1 Tim. 6: 9. (4) He is burdened with the 
labors and anxieties necessary to the seeking, saving, 
investing, watching, and caring for material wealth. 
(5) A heart given over to an insensate thing or things 
is denied response, receives back no affection or com- 
panionship, is stimulated to no development of human 
virtues, and has no promise of future, but is in peril of 
death and eternal loss. (7) In such a man there is a 
gradual but certain development of hatred for God and 
all that God desires to develop in man. (8) All life 
forces are set on holding fast to mammon. (9) He has 
a perverted view of God as being weak, foolish, and 
hateful because of his efforts to wean man from mam- 
mon worship. (10) Such a man has a feeling that all 
is futile, in view of the fact that in no way can mam- 
mon extend life beyond the bounds which God sets. 
Think of the waste of a life in such a course ; all its 
possibilities for good are thwarted by this one evil pas- 

Now look over the other list. How much can you 
verify of it? Remember again the difficulty in finding 
anyone totally given over to laying up treasures in 
heaven. God always allows enough of evil in the 
world to keep us entirely conscious of what a bad thing 
it is for humanity, and of the infinitely better thing 
which righteousness is. But we see enough of laying 
up heavenly treasure to judge what it would do if car- 
ried out fully. Take time to dwell on this picture. (1) 
Freedom from anxiety. Compare 2 Tim. 1 : 12. (2) 
Affections set on high — treasures sent on ahead to be 
found and enjoyed throughout eternity. What a com- 
fort in the hour of death. What a lodestone to draw 
one closer to God all through life. (3) A clear moral 
vision, able to discern right from wrong, and to follow 
the guidance of God in every detail of life. Think of 
the sorrow and loss you have suffered by inability to 
decide or to choose wisely at crucial times. What 
would it have been worth to you and your family if you 
had always known the right thing to say and do? (4) 
Loving and serving God. Knowing that you are work- 
ing with One who is always right, wise, good, and 
powerful, who folds you in his infinite love and care. 
A mutual life of love and service — you loving and serv- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 

ing God in response to his love and service for you. 
With no fear of being cast out without reward, but 
with ever}- promise that the love and care wliich he ex- 
tends here will be infinitely greater throughout eternity. 
(,5") A passionate clinging fast to God and a hatred of 
ever}- device of the world, the flesh and the devil that 
seeks to draw you away. (6) The absolute assurance 
that ever>-thing necessar}- to life and godliness will be 
supplied to you from his riches in glor}'. 

Having discussed the two lists separately, study 
tliem together. When you have come to realize their 
entire incompatibilit}-. how well do you think they can 
be mixed in a man's life? How much of each can a 
man take safely? What happens when a man tries to 
lay up treasures in both places? What has been your 
own experience? Did Jesus ever suggest a compro- 
mise ? Did tlie apostles ? Do you really think it can be 
made to work? 

Now in the light of this discussion answer this ques- 
tion : In view of what Jesus here says and the experi- 
ence of centuries demonstrating the truth of it, why do 
so many Christians give themselves so fully to laying 
up treasures on earth? How long is this to be contin- 
ued and countenanced in our church and others? What 
can we do about it ? 

Pasadena, Calif. 


Are You a Doubter? 


I ASK this question because many are tempted to 
doubt in these depressing days. Back in the days of 
the disciples who saw the wonderful things that Jesus 
did we know that in spite of all — " some doubted." 

Today some are still doubting, but they are not of 
those who read the Bible carefully and prayerfully. 

Do you want to know how Jesus* own words con- 
firmed the miracle of bringing back Lazarus from the 
grave? In the eleventh chapter of St. John's Gospel 
the fourteenth verse, we read, " Then said Jesus unto 
them plainly, Lazarus is dead." 

No uncertainty about that. He did not hint at the 
fact that it was an ordinary sleep or a trance. He 
wanted them to realize that he was to do what no one 
else could do, bring back a man from the dead, show- 
ing the power given to him from his Father, God. 

And today he works miracles in the hearts of men 
and women, turning them from evil to good, and no 
heart is so vile that he can not change it. 

Do not doubt him any longer, but read your Bible 
more and doubts will cease. " God also bearing them 
witness, both with signs and wonders and with divers 
miracles and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his 
own will" rHeb. 2: 4j. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

The Silent Land 

"Das Stille Land," by Salis. Translation by Ora W. Garber, 
Conway, Kans. 

Into the Silent Land ! 

Who guides us over? 
Dark clouds the evening sky already cover. 
And always more wreck-strewn becomes the strand. 
Who leads us on with gentle hand? 

Who guides us over 

Into the Silent Land? 

Into the Silent Land ! 

Therein the noble soul. 
While the eternal ages onward roll. 
Shall see life's tender morning-dream expand. 
Who in life's struggle has maintained firm stand 

Shall reach hope's goal 

Within the Silent Land. 

Oh, blessed Silent Land! 

To us, storm-threatened but elate. 
Death, gentlest Messenger of Fate, 
With torch upturned, now gives command. 
And guides us with a gentle hand 

Through heaven's gate 

Into the Silent Land. 

Glorified Garments 


All her intimate friends knew that Agnes Phillips 
was not at home to them on Friday of each week. Nor 
did she go away from her home on that day. It was 
a day given over to poignant grief. 

Just verging upon thirty-five years of age it 
seemed to her that all the joy of Hfe was 
done with here upon earth. Just a few short 
years had she been the gay, happy wife of Doctor 
Dean Phillips, himself given to serving others. With 
little golden-haired Mary Ann, and manly small Paul 
around her, Agnes had felt her cup running over. And 
then to lose her almost worshiped three within a 
few weeks, had seemed a blow well-nigh crushing. 

"If only Agnes could give way to tears," had sighed 
good, faithful Pastor Carr, " give way to a drenching 
flood of tears once, I verily believe that she could take 
up the reins of life once more. Ah, dear Lord, it was a 
crushing blow !" 

That had been the trouble with Agnes, she could not 
give way and let tears be a washing away of bitterness. 
.She had gone about ever since, these many months, 
with grief like a heavy stone in her heart. Each Fri- 
day she closeted herself away in a room and softly 
handled the garments her beloved three had worn. As 
if by the handling of them she might somehow bring 
back a feeling of the nearness of the dear ones. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19. 1935 


"If only I might see them in my dreams," she had 
cried to herself, " like I hear of folks saying they 
dream about their dead, I think it would be a comfort. 
But never once do they come." 

So she continued to handle the garments tenderly, 
brushing them as if they might be donned tomorrow. 
With her lines of church work she kept faith. She 
gave liberally of her means, gave of her time. But not 
one of these garments could she endure the thought of 
parting with. If some one suggested that such and 
such a child needed garments, quickly she gave of 
money to supply the need. 

And then one day while calling upon folks she came 
across some definite needs that should be cared for. 
She had gone into the home of James and Nella Fields. 
The thought had come to Agnes before, that in size he 
-was a mate for her dead husband. Just this day she 
found Nella pressing James' suit of clothes. It was 
shabby, was patched, there were spots upon it that even 
Nella with all her care could not remove. She had 

" James has been asked to come to a certain office 
tomorrow for a conference. The chances are that it 
will lead to his being employed once more. How we 
need it! But clothes do make a keen difference. I'm 
afraid — " 

Her voice trailed ofif, not even to Agnes could Nella 
voice her fears. Agnes was silent, she could see just 
how James would look in a suit of Dean's. But no, she 
couldn't give away Dean's clothes ! 

Then she had been in another home where the wor- 
ried mother was surveying a scanty little pile of cloth- 
ing. " Sit down," Cara had invited, " I'm trying to 
contrive to clothe Patty for school. Oh, dear, it is a 
problem when things have been turned before !" 

This time Agnes had a vision of a happy Patty skip- 
ping about in dresses that had belonged to wee Mary 
Ann. The thought stabbed her to the heart. It surely 
would kill her to give away Mary Ann's garments. 

And then in the grocery store she had seen a little 
lad whom she knew. His clothes were thin ; he needed 
the thick warm woolens that Paul had worn. Anger 
swept through her that she should be tormented like 

That night she sat down to figure how she might 
spend her money wisely in these three homes. Again 
and again she thought how they would look in the gar- 
ments that were so lovingly stored in the best bedroom 
upstairs. Finally she threw down her pencil and went 
to bed, her problem unsolved. 

Early the next morning her next door neighbor was 
electrified by the sight of Agnes driving away from 
home. The neighbor half whispered, half said it aloud : 
"What is the meaning of this? Has Agnes forgotten 
that it is Friday?" 

Straight to the Fields' home had Agnes gone. She 
lugged in two heavy suit boxes with her and asked 
James to go to the car and fetch the packages he would 
find there. Rather abruptly she commanded him to go 
to his room and dress for his appointment that meant 
so much. Perhaps if it had been anyone else James 
might have been inclined to resent her tone. But as it 
was he obeyed. When he reappeared Nella could 
scarce keep back her tears, for this was a transformed 
James ! Garbed in garments that had belonged to Doc- 
tor Phillips James now was ready to command a place 
in the world being rebuilt today. To her own amaze- 
ment Agnes found that it did not hurt to see James 
wearing the garments. 

Two other trips did she make. Little Patty was to 
be made happy by dresses and other garments that 
Mary Ann had worn. And the little lad who had shiv- 
ered the day before was to be kept so warm and com- 
fortable that it seemed as if he had rubbed Aladdin's 

This was the first Friday that Agnes had not kept a 
tryst with grief. As she came and went all day long 
she found somehow that her steps were lighter, her 
heart did not ache with that sense of desolation it had 
known for so long. It was not that she was less lonely, 
but somehow she could feel more acutely the presence 
of her dear ones. 

And as she slept that night her rest was refreshing, 
for somehow, and seemingly the dear Lord directed it 
so, she seemed to see the three and they were laughing 
and smiling with her ! " Ah ! yes," she thought as she 
awakened, " when I kept the garments to myself they 
were simply pieces of cloth, but now that I've given 
them away they have become glorified garments !" 

Belief ontaine, Ohio. 

The Book of Remembrance 


Malachi was the last of the Old Testament proph- 
ets, and he prophesied in the very twilight of that long 
night of silence and spiritual darkness when for four 
hundred years the Lord did not speak to his people 
either by prophet or the ministering of angels. Likely 
the inspired prophet knew of the dreary centuries 
which were to follow, but he spoke with the fearless 
boldness of Elijah, rebuking the Lord's people for their 
transgressions and their sins, admonishing them to a 
godly life. 

These people had said it was vain to serve God ; and 
the way they worshiped, it was vain, for they offered 
polluted bread and sick, blind, lame sacrifices on the 
altar. They still held on to the ritual of ancient wor- 
ship, but they had lost the spirit of it. They gave to 
the Lord as tithes and offerings that which had cost 

12 THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19. 1933 

iheni nothing, or which was worthless to ihcni. Thiv Monthly Financial Statement 

had dcah treacherously every one against his hrother: Conference Budget 

they liad oppressed the hirling in his wages, and tlu' During the month of December contributions for the Con- 
widow and the fatherless. urencc Budget and agencies within the budget totalled $13,- 
Wliat thev had thus taken unjiisilv troni the weak "-^"('l Total cash applicable to the Conference Budget for 

.,,,■, ' . I'l . .^1 T 1 . llie vear beginning IMarch 1, U\U, $117,836.89, detail as fol- 

and the helpless was no more acceiitable to the I. oi(.l a.s • - ^ 

. , lows : For For 

an offering than were the sick and lame ammals to pre- tj,^ „^th the year 

•ient to him tor a 'sacrifice. The priests had departed Gcnor.ii Mission Board $13,192.20 $ 73,827..=n) 

, ,, Hoard of Christian Education 4S.00 2,724.0.> 

out of their way and had caused many to stumble; luthany nihiicai Seminary sis.w 6,358.42 

, , , ' 1 .1 ». r T „ .• General Education Board 62.69 

they corrupted the covenant of Levi. ^;^.„^,^,, Ministerial Board 44.42 

The prophet exhorted the people to repent of their j^^:;;^ J°;^,,,s-;-;;;:v;.V.V.;;;;:;;:;v:V fy^ 

sins and come back to the true worsliip of God. aiul the tudesignated Funds i,982.oi 34,716.55 

Lord would still he merciful to them. $15,757.61 $117,836.89 

Some, perhaps many, understood the iniiiortance of General Mission Board 

the teaching of the prophet and repented of their evil During December contributions were received by the 

doings. '■ Then they that feared the Lord spake often treasurer of the General Mission Board as follows: 

one to another." we are told. They had much to talk Total r«c'«i 

about, the danger of their own sinful condition and the ^^. ,^ ^^^'^ since 3-1.34 

• * , , 1 J World Wide Missions $4,125.08 $17,840.00 

justice of a merciful God. "The Lord barkened and student Fellowship Fund 681.S1 

, ,.,._,, . , ,• 1- I „ :..„„ Women's Work Project 704.50 6,593.68 

heard It. There is much conversation which reqmres nome Missions 3,355.09 5,i84.66 

no special " barkening." which is not worth it, but here ^'^'=<^"<= "-^"""ty- Virginia. Mission 12.00 

r^^ -,. Foreign Missions 248.58 3,032.08 

he not onlv barkened, but he heard and was pleased, junior League Project 692.57 1,288.74 

,-,,.,,,,, , ■.. K. Y. p. D. Project 27.25 478.14 

\\ e are told that A book of remembrance was written Home Missions Share Plan 10.00 80.81 

before him. for them that feared the Lord, and that {"rEttn Mt;Wi-Fun7:;.\:::::.:::::;:::::: ''■'' 1:^" 

thoueht upon his name." There was something in the -Men's Work Project 19.36 207.94 

of lit ^"<^'^ Mission 109.86 1,005.77 

conversation of these repentant people that was worth india Native w^orker 25.00 70.00 

J ^, i_ I •»..._ "Ur^C^^^ i-Ua India Boarding School 56.96 353.17 

preserving, and the book was written before the j,^^,^ g,,^^^ p,^„ 205.75 i,S3o.56. 

Lord." but it was written " for them that feared the India Hospitals .^ 48.65 

India Missionary Supports 403.50 10,454.36 

Lord and that thought upon his name." China Mission 100.00 420.23 

. . China Native Worker 35.00 106.17 

Then the Lord added this comforting saying to the china share Plan 68.75 281.25 

blessing of having that book written for them : "They ^,\':;;^ S^n^'a'ry' Supports';: :!'.■.■.;■.■.:■.■."■.■.■■.;'. ■.■.'.■. 986.64 6,9^:o6 

shall be mine, saveth the Lord of hosts, in that day South China Mission is.oo 177.00 

- _ Sweden Mission 37.50 S7.50' 

when I make up my jewels; and I will spare them, as Sweden Missionary Supports 995.00 

... ' , 1 1 • ;> T.t • t-1 J Africa Missionary Supports 733.77 8,628.98 

a man spareth his son that serveth him. it is a blessed Africa Mission 1,098.35 6,636.46. 

thing if our conversations are recorded in the Book of Africa Share^ Plan .................................. 101.27 539.58 

the Remembrance of God. American Mission to Lepers 10.00 10.00 

Conference Budget 1,975.76 34,328.14 

\\"e. too, have long been without a message from a Conference Budget Designated for— 

" ^ Board of Christian Education 48.00 2,724.03 

divinelv inspired prophet, or from an angel sent from Bethany Biblical Seminary 305.07 3,102.20 

heaven in a visible form. We have the Word of God ^^ j ^:^z TJ, :;:;::;::;::::::::::::: ^:42 

which is sufficient for his people if they are willing to American Bible Society . 17.98 

* -^ Conference Budget Share Plan 6.25 388.41 

be guided by it. And yet there may be some who ques- 

., . . . ^ /~ J 1 1- 1- ■ iU The following shows the condition of mission finances on 

tion if It IS not vain to serve God, who believe in the f 

December 31, 1934: 
oflFerings which may require no sacrifice to give, or j^^^^^ ^.^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^^^ 

donations from an abundance which may have been income same period last year 100,986.40 

Expense since March 1, 1934 137,849.46 

wrung from hirelings, widows, or the fatherless. Expense same period last year 120,651.75 

.Mission deficit December 31, 19.M 45,684.22 

There is as much danger that unfaithfulness, dis- Mission deficit November 30, 1934 40,716.17 

1 ^ I ■ • »• I Cl „ tU„^,. ,.,„„ ;., ^U, Increase in deficit during December, 1934 4,968.05 

honesty and injustice may denle us as there was in the ° ^^ 

days of Malachi. If such evils were displeasing to the 

,'.. , , , , ,11-t. 1-1. "The Church of My Dreams. As the Conference Budget necessarily 

I^jrd in that dav, much more after the brighter light we , , , . _, , u ^u u ^ .^.^i^i 

M^j, J U..U.. _.ii^ , ^ r, includes many phases of the general brotherhood program, some special 

have now will such sins unfit us for the high calling efforts arc necessary to help the members of the church understand 

J » rjod in f hribt leSUS what the Conference Budget means. Sister Anetta Mow has wi'itten 

a personalized presentation of the Conference Budget. Each phase ol 

Even at that time the priest was called the " minister ^^^k such as India missions, Bethany .seminary and the young peo- 

of God " ; hrjW important that we do not " get out of the pic's department is made to speak, telling the need and the program. 

,, Thi.s playlet is offered to every congregation with the thought that it 

' ■ should be used prior to the Achievement Offering. • Copies arc avail- 

IVulOWS, CailJ. t.t,)c free by writing to the General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 



^his 'Department 
Conducted by 
H. Spenser Minnich 

Evangelism In India 


By request this article Jvas nritten for one of the Wom- 
en's Work project programs, but it is worth sharing Tvith the 
whole Messenger family. The author's parents were mis- 
sionaries to India, and she herself returned to spend a term 
of service in the same field. — Ed. 

It had been a most interesting day, for we had vis- 
ited many historic spots near Delhi, the present capital 
of India. We had seen the ruins of ancient places, now 
haunts for bats and jackals. We had heard the legends 
attached to various ruins, had admired the beautiful 
floor and wall patterns inlaid in varicolored marble and 
the painstaking hand carving in stone on the now de- 
serted temples. Almost one could see the phantom 
shapes of priests and servants, the richly garbed and be- 
jewelled royalty of long ago, and armies with their 
banners and armor gleaming in the sun. At the close 
of the day on visiting a Mohammedari shrine, still in 
use, we found ourselves being courteously ushered 
along walled paths that led to the inner shrine. Then 
there was a platform which we mounted. Finally the 
men of the party were told that if they would remove 
their shoes they might enter to see the tomb of a Mo- 
hammedan saint. However, the women might not en- 
ter. We had expected as much and laughed at the situa- 
tion, for we thought how typical this of the prevailing 
attitude — women barred from inner shrines for worship 
in the major religions of India. We had to think of 
how Christ spoke his message with equal persuasive- 
ness to all in his audiences. What a contrast with these 
religions which have dominated the lives of milHons 
of women through many years ! 

The message of Christ has a unique appeal to the 
women of the Orient and they respond warmly as they 
learn more and more of its meaning for them. We have 
found the Christian women ready for a regular morn- 
ing prayer service which they themselves conduct. This 
is no small achievement for our mission schools in a 
land of ninety-eight and six-tenths per cent illiteracy 
among women. The women choose their own songs 
and lead them, read their scripture lesson and make 
their own comments. These are often witty and inter- 

esting from an Oriental viewpoint. They also lead in 
prayer. On Sunday afternoons it is arranged that the 
fathers take care of the children and the women take 
their song books, Bibles and picture charts to visit the 
near-by non-Christian homes. Usually they receive a 
glad welcome. The women tell the story of a picture 
or two (who doesn't enjoy a story?), sing several songs 
and have short prayers. Often more songs and stories 
are called for, and we are glad for the enjoyment they 

On Sunday evenings the missionaries may take a 
group of school children and go to some village within 
several miles' radius of the mission station. Other vil- 
lages are notified and by the time the sun has set, a 
nice crowd has gathered — many of the people coming 
without stopping for their evening meal. The hymn 
singing by the school group, with handclapping or 
rhythmic stepping and bending, serves to hold the audi- 
ence. A short, heartfelt sermon by the missionary, 
testimonies by the singers and prayer, and the meeting 
breaks up. Then come courteous greetings, introduc- 
tions to parents by school children and invitations to 
come again. Then it is home again through the night 
with lanterns, or with the white tropical moon for 
light. Meanwhile more seed has been sown, and prayer 
offered for its fruition. 

Touring season means that the roads have been re- 
paired after three months of rain. The Sunday eve- 
ning trips are duplicated, except that camping conven- 
iences are taken along, and a range of eighteen to 
twenty-odd miles from the home base is covered. The 
days are filled with heartening the Christian schools and 
communities, visiting in non-Christian homes, and deal- 
ing out " good medicine," as the simple villagers call 
it. There is also giving out of Bible pictures and story 
pamphlets in local dialect. The evening meetings may 
last until ten or eleven, due to the keen interest in the 
stereopticon slides of Bible stories and health or tem- 
perance slides. Of course, there is giving of testi- 
monies and singing. The average Indian audience 
seems never to tire of singing. There may be an after- 
meeting of special counsel and prayer, on problems of 
drink, debt or serfdom. In one village we found the 
third generation of Christians — all happy and holding 
to their faith. Here seed-sowing had come to fruition. 

When heat makes tenting unbearable, the camping 
equipment is stored for another year, and the evening 
trips to near-by villages are begun again. This season 
is a favorite with Indians, for crops have been gathered 
and stored or sold. The wedding season and festivals 
are on. An evening " sing," Bible stories told with 
Oriental vividness (a story loses nothing in an Ori- 
ental's hand), perhaps stereopticon slides, and prayer, 
fill the evening. The Indian churches are beginning to 
hold their conferences at this season — programs being 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 

planncil and given by first generation Christians — prod- 
ucts of our boarding sdiools and intensive evangelism. 

The afternoon tea in the missionary home may pro- 
vide a contact with a different class of Indians — often 
the English-speaking class. 

The village schools run by Indian Christian teachers 
are our most permanent contact with the villagers, and 
the faithful, steady witnessing by these teachers in their 
morning and evening prayers, their teaching and their 
clean living serves to bring a large percentage of con- 

The midwinter fair, whenever held at a mission sta- 
tion, is a big opportunity for evangelism. Originally 
the fair was instituted as a religious festival, throngs 
coming to worship at the tomb of some public bene- 
factor. Shrewd merchants capitalized the occasion, un- 
til at present the buying and trading hold first place and 
worship, second, if any interest at all. So at fairs one 
sees merchants with wares of all descriptions and peo- 
ple in crowds from far and near. The Ferris wheel 
pushed by hand and the merry-go-round are packed 
with excited children and adults. Drink shops try to 
attract with bright lights and professional dancers, but 
the evangelistic booth with its lantern slides and Chris- 
tian singing draws the largest crowd of all. 

On afternoons the booth is used by school groups for 
singing, and witnessing and individual interviews by 
workers. The reverent hush and sustained attention on 
the part of these illiterate villagers is surprising. But 
we recall that in Jesus' time the multitudes heard him 
gladly. So now they listen to the story of Christ told 
in the clear, winsome maimer of our beloved children's 
worker, who has named himself Esu Charan, the " Foot 
of Jesus."' He has the art of holding his audiences, and 
is a shining example of what Christ can do with a gifted 
Indian heart, fully given to him. 

There are the calls in the homes of the town — often 
gladly anticipated by the women who gather, some out 
of curiosity as to your speech and dress, others out of 
genuine friendliness. In one such home I was shown 
through the courtyard with its shrubs and freshly sprin- 
kled earth, and stood at the door of the kitchen, know- 
ing the ceremonial recleansing of that kitchen would be 
performed if I entered. I was taken upstairs and 
shown the chairs and wardrobes of beautiful woods, 
and the thick mattresses (thickness is a synonym of 
luxur)-;. In the middle of the floor the household god 
was enclosed in an iron framework, away from care- 
less hands. My friends said nothing, but I knew the 
regularity with which night and morning, morning and 
night, the worship of this god was conducted. 

These are brief glimpses into the various methods of 
evangelism. You may wonder about results. .Some are 
seen and cause much rejoicing. In our last year at 
Vyara there were nearly a hundred baptisms in the 

town and district—eighteen hundred for the thirty 
years of mission work there is the record. Some results 
are unseen. And some seed may never mature, if we 
recall and apply one of Jesus' parables. But isn't it 
all gloriously worth while ? For we can depend on his 
promise: " And I, if I be lifted up, will draw all men 
unto myself." 
La Verne, Calif. 

What to Pray For 

Week of January ig-26 

"What is the most famous place near Bulsar?" asked 
an India pundit (teacher). The missionary taking her 
first year language examination thought he must refer 
to the high temple on a near-by mountain. But her an- 
swer was wrong. The Indian teacher, in his correction, 
reminded her that the Bulsar Hospital was the most 
famous place in or near Bulsar. And such it is, in truth. 

The hospital, named in memory of Mary Quinter, 
along with the dispensary and six " lines " of wards 
stands out as a " city on a hill which can not be hid- 
den." Drs. Raymond Cottrell and Laura Cottrell, and 
Miss Ruth Glessner, R. N., make their home in one part 
of the medical bungalow. The other half of the house 
is equipped as a hospital. Practically every missionary 
who has ever been on the India field has thanked God 
at some time in his life that it was possible for him to 
go to this medical home and receive the best care which 
the doctors and nurses could give him. What would 
the missionary family have done without this place? 

A few steps beyond this bungalow is located the dis- 
pensary where patients come by the hundreds. They 
come from all manner of castes, from every station in 
life. Here their names are recorded, diagnoses made 
and prescriptions given. It is doubtful whether 
there is another missionary on the India field who 
knows the various castes as well as does Dr. Laura 
Cottrell. She knows them by their dress, by their 
jewelry and by their attitude. 

And on beyond the dispensary, the " lines " of hos- 
pital wards provide rooms for the families who bring 
their sick for treatment. In one room you find a Hindu 
family, next door a Mohammedan patient, in another 
room a wealthy Parsee and his attendants, while in the 
fourth room may be a poor sick man of the depressed 
peoples. All need physical care, and all need spiritual 
help. And they receive this in every possible way. 
The doctors and nurses minister not only to the phys- 
ical need, but also to the spiritual. While they recover 
from an operation or while they recuperate from their 
ills, the Christian patients, along with all the other 
classes, listen to the singing of Christian songs and hear 
the Word of God. 

Pray for those who labor for the Great Physician. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


"And They Sing a New Song " 

Dr. Charles E. Jefferson once called our attention 
to the fact that most of our hymns are written for and 
about the individual. Their pronouns are I and my. 
Missionary hymns have the great social note and call us 
to sing as we pray, Our Father. How many of the fol- 
lowing do you know? 

" O Brother Man, Fold to Thy Heart, Thy Brother " 

" Hark the Voice of Jesus Calling " 

" Christ for the World We Sing " 

" America the Beautiful " 

" This Is My Father's World " 

" In Christ There Is No East or West " 

" We've a Story to Tell to the Nations " 

" Where Cross the Crowded Ways of Life " 

" Jesus Shall Reign " 

" Light of the World, We Hail Thee " 

" Follow the Gleam " ^ 

" O Zion, Haste " 

" Fling Out the Banner " 

" Father of Lights, in Whom There Is No Turning " 

Have you noticed the world friendship note in many 
of our Christmas hymns? Does " All Hail the Power 
of Jesus' Name " have a missionary message for your 
group? Are the children of your church school learn- 
ing hymns which will help their friendships to be 

You will find your services more and more meaning- 
ful as you learn more of the world hymns, and use 
them to convey a real message. Occasionally read the 
words thoughtfully in the service. — World Friendship. 

News From the Field 

Liao Chow 

Elizabeth W. Oberholtzer 

Women's Work 

With this term's increased enrollment in our Women's 
School, now numbering over sixty, it became a problem how 
to house them all in our present quarters. Fortunately ^the 
adjoining Girls' School, having some extra dormitory rooms, 
turned four of them over to be used by our women. This 
meets our present need splendidly. For this great open 
door of opportunity Sister Hutchison desires your prayers 
that our daily efforts to make Christ known to these women 
may lead to their acceptance of him as their personal and 
ever present Savior and Lord. 

Village Women's Workers 

The past month being the harvest season for the people 
in this section, village residents have been busy gathering in 
their crops. In this work the majority of the women as- 
sist. Therefore our women workers who have been helping 
in our thousand character village classes, have returned to 
the city and are having a little vacation at this time. They 
remained at their work during the hot summer season. 
They are very happy in their work and are sharing the joy 
of soul-winning. 

Girls' School — The School Garden 

The girls are taking an interest in their school garden, as 
they planned what they wanted planted in the spring and 
helped do the planting. It was interesting to see them all 
out dropping potatoes and planting beans. This fall when 
they returned to school they were soon out in the garden to 
see the prospects for vegetables for the winter. When har- 
vesting time came, they were all out again, big and little, 
helping to dig potatoes, picking up and carrying huge bas- 
kets of them into the storeroom, putting the basket on a 
pole and two girls carrying the ends of the pole. A huge 
stack of pumpkins and squashes, with onions, carrots, tur- 
nips, beans and tomatoes was put away by many little 
hands. The girls pa}' for the work they can not do and 
then the rest of the vegetables are theirs. 
Sunday — A Busy Day 

Sunday has become a busy day at the school. The morn- 
ing passes quickly as the girls prepare for church and Sun- 
day-school. It is not uncommon to see them sitting here 
and there, in corners of the library, classrooms, or other 
quiet places with their Bibles. 

In the afternoon they divide into different groups, some 
going out to give religious dramas in villages or 
in the city, and others going with bands of women from 
the Women's School to hold Sunday-school classes in the 
homes in the city. In the evening the Boarding School girls 
have their Rainbow Club meetings for which they have 
their own organization. In these meetings they discuss the 
cardinal virtues of Christian living. 
Country Itinerating 

During the month of October Brother Oberholtzer and 
I made a trip by donkey to our Chin Chow station. 
On the way we stopped at Yii She an outstation and vis- 
ited members and had an afternoon meeting. Because of 
heavy rains we were delayed at a small town a half day 
from Yii She and had to remain three and a half days. Here 
there were opportunities to preach the gospel to school boys 
and a number of men. Three homes were visited between 
showers. We were entertained by a former Liao Chow 
Christian schoolboy. Had he not been so kind, the long 
wait at a common donkey inn would have been very tedious. 
At the next stop, Ku Cheng, several members were visited. 
The third and last part of the journey was made in safety 
even though there were several dangerous rivers to cross 
and roads were muddy and travel difficult. We were glad 
to reach Chin Chow where friends were expecting us. After 
a pleasant visit and some committee work finished, the re- 
turn journey was made by way of Tai Yuan Fu. This trip 
was made by bus and train, with a short stop-over at Tai 
Ku to visit the American Board Mission and some Chinese 
friends. Here we had the pleasure of hearing Dr. Brewer 
Eddy, General Secretary of the American Board Mission. 
Tai Yuan Fu Visit 

While in Tai Yuan Fu we attended the Eddy meetings. 
These were very inspiring and many young and older peo- 
ple were moved to decide for Christ. We pray that the 
good seed sown in Dr. Sherwood Eddy's meeting may bring 
forth much fruit for the kingdom of God. Indeed the door 
is open for the gospel in this land of great need. We re- 
turned home by way of Show Yang and Ping Ting and 
made the last part of our journey from Ping Ting by cart 
over our rough mountain roads. It was a great inspiration 
to see so many of our coworkers and Chinese friends. We 
were filled with greater zeal for our autumn's work of 
holding classes and carrying on in country evangelism. 
Liao Chow, China. 





Calendar for Sunday, January 20 

Sun<ljiy-*chool Les»on, i'ctii ^ Lesson in Ihnnblc Serv- 
ice— lot-n l.v 1-17: 1 Potor 5: 5. 

Christian Workers" Meeting, Man's Evil in God's World. 

B. Y. P. D. Programs: 

Young People — Enemies oi the Home. 

Interniediates — Personality. 

* •^ ^- •:• 
Cains for the Kingdom 

Eleven baptisms in the Syracuse cliurch. Ind. 

One haptism in the Maple Glen church, Md. 

Seven baptisms in the Council Bluffs church, Iowa. 

Three baptisms in the Walnut Grove cluirch, Johnstown, 

Three baptisms in the Green Hill church. \"a., Bro. A. J. 
Hix-iver. evangelist. 

Three baptisms in the Rummel church. Pa., Bro. H. Q. 
Rliodes of Berlin, Pa., evangelist. 

One baptism in the Panther Creek church, 111., Bro. A. W. 
.■\dkins oi Cabool, Mo., evangelist. 

One baptism in the Wakarusa church, Ind., Bro. E. C. 
Swihart of Elkhart, Ind., evangelist. 

One baptism in the Carson \'alley church, Pa., Bro. E. M. 
Detwiler of Everett, Pa., evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Ashland churcli. Ore., Sister June 
Yearout of Boulder, Colo., evangelist. 

Twenty baptisms in the Eversole church, Ohio, Bro. D. R. 
McFadden of Smithville, Ohio, evangelist. 

Twelve baptisms in the Cumberland church, Md., Bro. 
Chas. O. Beery of Williamsburg. Pa., evangelist. 

Nineteen baptisms in the Martinsburg church, W. Va., 
Bro. Earl Mitchell of Brownsville, Md., evangelist. 

Nine baptisms in the Brake church and seven at Bethel, 
both in North Mill Creek congregation, W. Va., Bro. P. I. 
Garber of Petersburg. W. Va., evangelist. 

•I* ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Our Evamgelists 

Will ■■ ■ ■; -';..-ir'.- the liur'icn wliich these l.iborcrs carry? Will you pray 
!'.r the success of these meetings? 

Bro. J. H. Ca«s&dy of Washington, D. C, April 7-21 in the 
I-ake Ridge church. X. Y'. 

Bro. J. EUlton Ulery of Onekama, Midi., Jan. 14 in the 
Bachelor Run cluirch, Ind. 

Bro. M. J. Brougher of Grcensljurg. Pa., Feb. 4 in tlie Rox- 
bury church, Johnstown, Pa. 

Bro. J. Oscar Winger of North Manchester, Ind., Jan. 30 in 
the \\ abaOi City church, Ind. 

Bro. Ruftu P. Bucher of Quarryville, Pa., Feb. 3 in the 
Salunga house. East Petersburg congregation. Pa. 

Bro. Paul Studebaker of Franklin Grove, 111., in the I*"rank- 
lin Grove church, Jan, 13 and continuing for two weeks. 

Personal Mention 

Bro. L. W. Smith, p.itor i ,i the liartlesviile church of Ok- 
lahoma, has changed his street address. The new number is 
213 North Santa Fe. 

Bro. Ira H. Frantz changes his address from I-'ruita, Colo., 
to 1K>4 Home -Ave, North .Manchester, Ind. We don't know 

the whole story but part of it is " some time at my type- 
writer and get some things out of my system that are mak- 
ini; ine uncomfortable." 

Bro. I. N. H. Beahm of Xokesville, Va., will begin his 
evangelistic meetings at Taniini, Fla., the evening of Sunday, 
Feb. 3. This is the day on which the new house of worship 
at Tampa w ill be dedicated. Sister Sarah Lauvcr informs us. 

Referring to the three fathers in Israel who appeared on 
the front page of the Messenger for Dec. 29, and whose com- 
bined ages total 246, Glendora, Calif., comes forward with 
three members whose ages add up to 274. Does your church 
have a trio with a higher record? 

Dr. Albert W. Palmer, President of Chicago Theological 
Seminary, and Dr. Robert H. Miller, Professor of Bible in 
Manchester College, are among the leaders in the Regional 
Conference to be held at McPherson College, Feb. 17 to 22. 
Watch for more details as to themes and leaders in the pro- 
gram to be published in our issue of Feb. 2. 

Pastor Ralph R. Hatton, Cleveland, says they had nearly a 
lumdred at tlieir watch night meeting though it " was a ter- 
rible night out, raiiu' and then started to freeze, so slick you 
could hardly drive an auto." They used the slides from the 
mission rooms and " they went over very good." Dec. 23 
was a record breaker with 236 at Sunday-school. 

When Governor Landon of Kansas began his second term 
of service last Monday he had his good friend President 
Schwalm of McPherson College, give the invocation at the 
inaugural ceremonies. Rather nice of the governor, not? 
Let's hope he will let God do with him exactly what we all 
know a man like Dr. Schwalm would pray that he inight. 

Vice Chairman Voder and Assistant Secretary Minnich 
faithfully represented our own Mission Board interests at 
the late annual Foreign Missions Conference. The one un- 
pleasant feature was the severe cold Bro. Yoder took along 
back home with him. He had forgotten the protection a 
man needs on venturing into the northeast in winter tiine. 

From Elizabeth W. Oberholtzer, Liao Chow, Shansi, Chi- 
na, comes this fitting word about the home going of her fel- 
low missionary: "We know it will be a great shock to the 
many friends and relatives in the homeland to learn of the 
sudden passing of Sister Winnie Cripe. On Friday, Nov. 30, 
after meeting all her forenoon classes in school. Sister Cripe 
came home for dinner and was stricken with sudden illness, 
apoplexy. She suffered great agony in her head, had sev- 

Notes on the Special Messenger Offer 

To dale more than 1 00 churches have succeeded with 
the club rate plan. Some have even reached 100% cov- 

Our next issue is the Annual India Number. The pic- 
tures and articles in hand should make it an unusually in- 
terestmg paper. 

Feb. 16 is the date for an Alexander Mack Memorial 
Number. To date special articles are promised by J. H. 
Moore, D. W. Kurtz, Jno. S. Flory and Ora W. Garber. 

// you find something you like in the Messenger, tell your 
friends and neighbors; if you see something that could be 
improved, write the Messenger office. The editors are glad 
for constructive criticism. 

You, too, can take advantage of the special offer if and 
when you secure subscriptions from 75% of the resident 
families of your congregation. The Yearbook is included 
at the special rate. Write for details, or see page 29 in 
this issue. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


•eral convulsions, and by 2 o'clock lapsed into unconscious- 
ness. The doctor, nurse and friends did all they possibly 
-could do, but at 12: 30 o'clock, Saturday morning, she passed 
peacefully into rest. Sister Winnie was unusually happy 
and buoyant on Friday at school and on Thursday when her 
fellow-workers met in her and Sister Hutchinson's home 
for Thanksgiving dinner. We are consoled in realizing that 
our loss is her great gain." 

The Grim Reaper with his sharp sickle is extra busy at 
this season of the year, as our obituary columns testify. 
The fact was driven in with emphasis last Saturday morning 
v^'hen word came to the Messenger desk by wire or mes- 
senger of the passing of these three: Sister Miriam Garver, 
daughter of the late Eld. D. M. Garver, Trotwood, Ohio, 
Sister William Toman, Oakland, Ohio, and Bro. Ray Hawk, 
Lanark, 111. 

*J* ♦V A A 

Miscellaneous Items 

Any congregation desiring to purchase at reduced price 
about 80 Hymns of Praise, numbers 1 and 2 combined, in 
good condition, is invited to correspond with Amos Hoffer, 
City View Heights, Lebanon, Pa. 

A college president, .speaking his mind about Messenger 
editorials, said : " I like . . . especially the one in which 
you get impatient with the folks that think we need a new 
gospel. I too am sick ad nauseam of the slush I hear along 
this line." No, you guessed the wrong one. It was a 
younger man who said it. 

*** "^ ■^* *♦* 

With Our Schools 

Mzmchester College 

The Annual Ministerial Meeting at Manchester College 
was held again this year on the evenings of Jan. 1 and Jan. 
2. The Manchester Church of the Brethren entertained all 
visiting ministers and their wives for a fellowship supper and 
over the night of Jan. 1. M. R. Zigler and J. E. Ulery 
brought helpful messages concerning the work of the 
church. The following forenoon was spent in conferences at 
the college chapel, directed by M. R. Zigler and H. L. Hart- 
sough. President D. W. Kurtz brought a very fitting mes- 
sage for the opening of the new year. The large chapel was 
filled with students and visitors. The work of the day 
closed with a fellowship dinner and addresses by Dr. C. Ray 
Keim and President Otho Winger. Many parents and vis- 
itors came with young people as they returned from holiday 
vacation. This kind of a meeting has been much appre- 
ciated and will likely become a yearly event. 

The college B. Y. P. D. has reorganized with the purpose 
of giving special study and attention to the work of the 
Church of the Brethren. The young people are finding 
much interest in using The Gospel Messenger for informa- 
tion and inspiration for work from week to week. 

Bridge-water College 
The Annual Spiritual Life Institute is scheduled for 
Bridgewater Feb. 5-9, and for Daleville Feb. 17-22. The min- 
isters and laymen — both men and women— are urged to take 
advantage of these opportunities for enrichment. Among 
the leaders are Rufus D. Bowman, Howard L. Alley, D. W. 
Kurtz, W. M. Kahle, J. M. Henry, M. C, Miller, Paul H. 
Bowman, and Mrs. Victor A. Phillips. Those attending the 
Bridgewater Institute will have opportunity to hear Strick- 
land Gillilan on the regular lyceum course of the college. 
The college is urging the ministers especially to come and 
stay at the college for the entire week. 

The second semester will open at Bridgewater on Jan. 28. 
The convocation will be held on Jan. 30. The college is ex- 
pecting a number of new registrations which will restore en- 
rollment to " predepression " level. 

The Special Survey made of Bridgewater by the Southern 
Association of Secondary Schools and Colleges in January of 
1933 brought a helpful report to the college and a favorable 
recommendation to the Southern Association. Bridgewater 
is continued in the membership of the association on the 
basis of the survey. The meeting of the association was held 
at Atlanta, Ga., in December. 

The College was saddened recently in the sudden death of 
Grace Ziegler, daughter of Elder H. H. Ziegler of Ridgely, 
Md. She was a member of the freshman class and one of 
the finest minds in college. She became ill on a Student 
Volunteer deputation trip. The end came two days later in 
the Lewis-Gale Hospital of Roanoke. This was the first 
death from natural causes ever to occur in the student body 
of the college. The memory of this noble spirit will be cher- 
ished on the Bridgewater campus for many years. 


The Children and the Home 

Theme for January — Christ in the Home 

Read John 21: 15-19 

For Week Beginning January 27 

Our Lord was about to ascend to be with the Father. He 
was concerned about the kingdom he had just established. 
The first cry of his soul to Peter was, " Feed my lambs." 

This suggests the feebleness of my children. Sheep are 
weak, helpless animals ; much more so the lambs. The Mas- 
ter would have every parent and minister tenderly care 
for the helpless lambs first. They can not choose between 
good and evil. Instincts of fear, hate, etc., should be prop- 
erly destroyed by neglect while others like love, service, etc., 
should be made stronger. 

This also suggests the high value of my children. Out of 
babes and sucklings men and women are made. No other 
material is available. The parent largely has the making. 
What care, then, as a parent I should take for my children, 
for they are his (my) lambs. He loves them and counts 
them of great worth. May I through the spirit see the spir- 
itual realities of Christ's words, " Feed my lambs." 

This suggests the great need of my children. Lambs can 
not seek food for themselves. What food am I giving 
them? What pictures are on the walls of my home? What 
songs are sung in their hearing? How much jazz greets 
their ears over the radio? What tempers are they learning 
from me? I must remember, "Ye are epistles, . . . read 
and known of all men," and especially by my children. Am 
I rearing my children for the Lord, or for a " career " or 
business ? 

A Prayer: Dear Lord, I thank thee for the sacred power 
of parenthood. Help me so to live and lead my children 
that in later life as they follow thee from choice, they may 
rise and call me blessed of God. I thank thee for all the 
holy influences of my parents' home. Now may thy king- 
dom come, bringing rich reward and plenteous grace for all 
who comfort and guide and help and serve in this world of 
struggle, so that light may shine in darkness and heavy 
hearts be cheered. In Jesus' name. Amen. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


Directed by M. R. Zigier. Executive Secretary; Rufus D. Bowman, 
Director of Adult Education; R. E. Mohlcr. Secretary ol Mrn's Work; 
Mrs- Roj5 D. Murphy and Anctta Mow, Women's Work; Han West, 
Director o; Vonr.g Tcvplcs Work; K.iymond K. IVters, Cliairnian oi 
Intermediate Committee; Ruth Shriver. Director of Children's Work; 
H. Spenser Minnich, Secretary of Christian Finance; Ross D. Murphv, 
rrprcteniing the Pastoral Association; Ruth C. Sollcnberger, Office 


Hit and Miss Sermons 


I RECALL vividly my anxiety when I was about to go 
out to my first pastorate. I had never preached many 
sermons, but now that was to be part of my regular 
duty for one summer. Would I be able to have enough 
to preach about for the full time? What if I should 
" run dry " and have nothing more to share? 

I dare say many a minister in his early ministry has 
had such anxieties as these. But this anxiety should 
not be one's close companion for long. There should 
be reasons, ver)- good reasons, why one should feel that 
there are not enough occasions to share with his people 
the longings of his heart and his desires for them. 
The difference between these two extremes, one in 
which one feels drained of ideas and materials for 
sermonizing, and the other in w^hich one is always 
eager to share, comes out of the underlying philosophy 
of one's pulpit ministry. On the one hand, one may 
preach from Sunday to Sunday because he has been 
able to quicken his imagination with some truth, any 
truth, that has in it the possibilities of the allotted num- 
ber of minutes of discourse. One who preaches with 
this general method of motivation, it seems to me, 
preaches what one may call " hit and miss sermons." 
Far be it from me to suggest that such sermons can not 
be good. They may be excellent in thought content 
and in results produced. But I think I can see certain 
dangers which attend this method of one's pulpit min- 

First of all, if we were to analyze our interests in 
life, we would proI)abIy discover certain very definite 
trends. For some of us it might be a very profound 
interest in the social gospel. For others it might be a 
great interest in evangelism. I*"or others it might be 
an interest in personal religion. And so the interests 
of individuals might vary. Now all of these interests 
may be heartily endorsed. 

A deeper problem here arises, however. Should a 
congregation be fed largely upon any single interest 
which may be the dominant one of the minister's life? 
Can a wholesome, balanced Christian life be developed 
under the pulpit ministry of one who rather habitually 

li;nks to one phase of the Christian life? In other 
words, suppose the minister preaches evangelistic ser- 
mons most of the time, can he by them develop a rich 
and complete Christian life? If one preaches a social 
gospel, rather exclusively, he may fail to develop a vital 
])crsonal religious experience in the lives of his people. 
In fact, they may become so zealous for the social 
causes that may forget the vital, personal religious eic- 
perience which is necessary to produce a Christian so- 
cial order. Or, one who has a bent for personal re- 
ligious interests may fail to widen the horizon of his 
people to include a world crying with need for a prac- 
tical Christianity. 

The problem, finally, is this : Can hit and miss ser- 
mons adequately minister to the needs of Christian peo- 
ple who would live the complete, the abundant life? 

Now, there is another method which one may use in 
his pulpit ministry. This method is truly a plan. The 
minister, out of his knowledge of the needs of abun- 
dant living, thinks through the general needs of his 
people. He thinks of the individual's relationship to 
the school, to the church, to the state, to his fellow- 
men, and personally to God. He covers all of these 
areas of human experience — eleven of them according 
to the International Council of Religious Education. 
He also thinks of the character traits, such as courage, 
cooperation and faith, which should develop; and 
probably of the social virtues, such as loyalty, friend- 
ship and service. Then, there may be certain condi- 
tions in his community which need special considera- 
tion. With this total picture of the needs of human 
life in the background he may begin to plan what 
should be the spiritual diet of his people for a given 
year. He may take into consideration the seasons of 
the year and the occasions which are especially advan- 
tageous for certain emphases. For instance, Christmas 
and Easter lend themselves to evangelism. 

Such definite planning of the sermon year will help 
to balance the spiritual ration and should be definitely 
advantageous in the creation of wholesome and com- 
plete Christian lives. Some pastors even profess to 
have a five or ten-year plan for their churches, but in- 
vestigation has shown these long-period plans to be 
rather hazy and indefinite. Definite planning for one 
year will take a maximum of hard work and thought- 
ful and prayerful consideration, but it should help the 
minister better accomplish the God-given task which is 
hi.s — the creation of lives fitted to live abundantly. 

It should yet be said that there is, with the use of tlie 
planned sermon year, abundant opportunity for the 
jjlay of imagination and creative powers in the selection 
of the ]jarticular mes.sage for the occasion. The plan 
of the sermon year does not make for less originality, 
but it makes possible the use of originality on the oc- 
casion when it may be most fruitful in its results. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


Further consideration might be given to the hit and 
miss method of the preparation of the sermon, but let 
us sincerely hope that the man of God counts his task 
too important to be given to such lazy methods of 
preparation. God can speak most effectively through 
him who has most adequately prepared for the occa- 
sion. The study is the proper place to prepare. 

Michigan City, Ind. 

Bethany Ministers' Conference 

The total enrollment was 106, of which number 65 were 
ministers ; 15, students (eleven of these are ministers) ; and 37, 
women. Twelve of these attending the conference were as- 
sisted partly or wholly by the church, Aid Society, Sunday- 
school, etc. Twenty-eight of the ministers brought their 
wives with them. 

There were twenty-two districts represented: Northern 
Illinois leading with 27, Alichigan was second with 14, and 
Northeastern Ohio next with 10. Northwestern Ohio had 
8 present ; Middle and Northern Indiana each 7 ; Southern 
Indiana 5 ; Southern Illinois, Southern Ohio, and Western 
Pennsylvania 4 each; North Dakota and Eastern Montana 
3 ; and Southern California and Southern Virginia each had 
2. Idaho, Middle Iowa, Northern Missouri, Middle Mis- 
souri, Oregon, Tennessee, First Virginia, Northern Virginia, 
and Second Virginia, were each represented by one. 

Forty-seven of the ministers were on full time and seven 
on part time. 

The findings of the conference cover the following sub- 
jects : Making the Church Service Vital; The Minister 
Training the Local Church Leaders; Shepherding and Or- 
ganizing the Parish; Young People and Intermediates; and 
Children. These findings will be presented through these 
columns in the next few weeks. 

The next Bethany Conference will be Oct. 16 to 23, 1935. 


Loan Library 

The 1935 Loan Library leaflet is ready for distribution. 
Anyone desiring a copy will please order at once. However, 
we will depend upon the pastors of the churches to secure 
enough copies to guarantee a copy for each of the local 
church leaders. Orders should be sent to the Board of 
Christian Education, 22 S. State Street, Elgin, 111. 

Cooperation at Springfield 

We believe the New Testament way of supporting the 
church is giving, and not commercialism. We needed 
money. We purchased from the General Mission Board a 
quantity of dime cards, or cards that hold ten dimes. We 
set out to secure the support of one hundred people who 
would place one dime in their card each week for ten 

This assured our success. The birthday of the church was 
celebrated with a sum of $86.50 raised in dimes. A fellow- 
ship was enjoyed together. The elder of the church spoke 
appropriate words. Some good sisters of the church baked 
a huge angel food cake and presented it to the pastor and 
wife. It was cut and all present enjoyed its goodness. 

Our financial burden was lightened. But those responsi- 
ble for this effort discovered the fine reputation the church 
holds in the community. To know of kind and sympathetic 
friends willing to help us in the work was most heartening. 
We feel we all were blessed through this special Christian 
way of raising needed funds. — Roy Brady. 


Cooperative Evangelism 

It was through the splendid cooperation of the Council of 
Churches of Omaha and Douglas County and the Omaha 
Ministerial Union that we were privileged to have Dr. Jesse 
M. Bader of the Department of Evangelism of the Federal 
Council of Churches of Christ in America with us in a one- 
day conference. By his own appointment, other speakers 
were on the program, but Dr. Bader gave the principal ad- 

About one hundred and forty ministers and several lay- 
men were much encouraged and strengthened by his fervent 

He said : " The spirit of evangelism has not died, but in 
many places new methods are being used." He encouraged 
the use of mass meetings when possible, but " do not rely 
wholly upon them." 

No definite plans w^re made for a union program other 
than a Christian spirit of cooperation to save our city for 
Christ. We will hold our annual pre-Easter week services 
in a " down-town " public building. — Homer Caskey. 


Compulsory Military Training Upheld! — 
What Are Our Next Steps? 

The supreme court has upheld the right of land grant col- 
leges to make military training compulsory. What shall we 
do now? The following points were suggested to me by the 
National Council for Prevention of War : 

1. Endeavor to change state laws. The supreme court in- 
dicates plainly that in its judgment this matter is one to be 
determined by the laws of the states or of the nation. Those 
who would oppose military training effectively should begin 
to work on their legislators to change the laws of their 
states. Possibly the best place to work now is among those 
who can change the laws of the separate states. 

2. Endeavor to change federal laws either by amending 
the National Defense Act, outlawing compulsory courses, or 
by cutting appropriations for the R. O. T. C. 

3. Bring public sentiment to bear in an increasing flood 
on the regents of land grant colleges. 

4. Encourage faculties and students to continue to edu- 
cate on this issue and where conscience demands it, leave 
the school. Continued protesting by faculties and students 
will have its effect. 

5. Keep indoctrinating students with the validity of the 
conscience position. Conscientious objectors need to be in- 
doctrinated with the idea of self-discipline and self-sacrifice 
whereby they will be willing to take the punishment for their 
course. — Rufus D. Bowman. 

Peace Activities: A Regular 2ind Accepted Part 
of Our Church Program 

As was the case with missions some years ago, not all of 
our churches make peace activities a part of the regular 
program — it is still a side issue, left to a few enthusiastic 
peace advocates as their particular hobby. In such a case 
those in control of the church program assume little if any 
responsibility for the peace work that is done. Fur- 
thermore, they are not in a position to direct it carefully 
and make it effective. 

The time has come for us to go beyond our declarations 
on peace and carry out a peace program. This is simply 
the practical expression of our convictions. If we had 
talked missions and never done any definite mission work 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19. 1935 

all those years, wc woukl bo in soim'what the same position 
as wo are on the work of peace. We have done some work 
on peace in addition to perpetnating onr traditional stand 
thereon, hut all too little. 

Our tradition of peace nuist hecoine a living faith. tindinL; 
expression in efforts to promote peace. This will happen, in 
the way it siiould. only when the church makes the peact' 
work a regular part of the church program and assumes full 
responsibility for it. Many of our young peoiile, alive to tlio 
needs of the day in this field, iiave become sonuwhat dis- 
couraged because the church does not lead out in the work. 
They either quit trying or organize a more or less independ- 
ent group to carry on the work they, have at heart. It is 
time the church sees this situation and assumes responsi- 
bility for her peace program, makes it a regular part of her 
activity, and affords her earnest peace workers a channel 
through which they can wotjc. 

The whole Dunker church is a peace organization — one of 
the best in the world. Let the ministerial and other leader- 
ship in the local churches and the districts accept the oppor- 
tunity they have in leading out in this most vital Christian 

The peace work of the Church of the Brethren will not be 
done effectively till we give up the idea that it can be done 
by a few enthusiastic advocates. It will be done as it needs 
to be done only when it has been done by the church as a 
whole, ably and actively directed by the leaders in the gen- 
eral program of the church, of which program they make 
the peace work an integral part. — C. Ray Keim. 


The Question of Church Finance 

■' Ring the death knell for the old haphazard methods of 
church finance," says Bert Wilson in " The Christian and 
His Money Problems." 

The church should be an example in the community and 
should have the best and most thorough Christian methods 
in all matters relating to church moneys. 

What type of persons prepare your church budget, those 
whose chief thought is to limit it, or those who have a vision 
to develop the spiritual life of the congregation and of the 
communitj' ? 

Who should compose the finance department (or commit- 
tcej of the local church, and what are their duties? 

In many churches the financial atmosphere is very unsatis- 
factory. How change it into a pleasant and spiritual ex- 

Some churches have a rule that they will give for benevo- 
lences the same amount that is spent on local expenditures. 
Discuss this plan. 

Is it true that church envelopes do not reveal nearly so 
often the poverty of our purses as they do the poverty of 
our souls? 

Discuss the relative value of giving and of raising money 
for church work and for church benevolences. 

The United Stewardship Council, in offering a Standard 
Financial Policy for local churches in America, said : " The 
first con.sideration in a church's finance program is to raise 
money in a way that will grow character, that will promote 
giving helpfully to the giver, develop its members as well 
as to provide its funds." Is that a correct teaching? How 
docs it fit with present methods in your church? 

Hcjw docs your church raise its funds? How docs it use 
its money? 

Are the funds used for the purposes for which they were 

Ho you give benevolences their rightful place in the budg- 
et or are thoy just another item as light and fuel? 

Do your church's methods of acquiring and using finids 
louforni to stewardship principles? 

W'liat are the values of every member canvass and what 
makes it when rightly conducted such a valuable agency 
luith spiritually and financially? 

Do you know our denomination's methods of acquiring 
and using money? Can they be improved? 

(Next Week — Home Training and Money.) 


The Inner Chamber 


Matt. 6: 1-15 

February 3 

1. Secret Devotions Prove One's Sincerity 

a. No righteousness should be done to be seen of men 
(Matt. 6: 1). 

b. " Being seen " is the only reward for such righteous- 
ness (Matt. 6: Sb). 

c. Sincerity is what counts with God (Luke 18: 13, 14). 

2. Concentration Is a Help to Devotion 

a. Curious eyes are shut out (Matt. 6: 6a). 

b. To shut out distracting thoughts is not so easy, but 
equally necessary. 

c. Prevailing prayer requires undivided attention. 

3. Alone With God We Can Be Honest and Frank 

a. In confession of wrong (Psa. 51 : 1 ff.). 

b. In expression of desire. 

c. In ardent adoration. 

4. Jesus Often Withdrew Alone to Pray 

a. The vast open spaces gave him solitude (Mark 6: 46). 

b. He prayed alone all night before choosing the twelve 
(Luke 6: 12, 13). 

c. The shadow of the cross drove him to prayer (Matt. 
26 : 36). 

5. The Heavier the Sense of the Outward Obligations of 
Christianity, the Greater the Need of Power in the Inner 


a. A well-balanced religious life requires both active 
service and private devotion. 


Essentials of Leadership 

One of the ways of growing into a finer personal leader- 
ship is through taking stock of ourselves, on accasion. Here 
are some of the lead-questions in a list of twenty-four " Es- 
sentials of Leadership."* 

1. Have you a strong body? 

2. Did you ever break yourself of a bad habit? 

3. Do you exercise self-control when things go wrong? 

4. Are you cheerful and free from grouchy spells? 

5. Do your mates respect and cooperate with you? 

6. Can you maintain discipline without using the show 
of authority? 

7. Can you handle a group of dissatisfied persons stJCcess- 

X. Do you think for yourself? 

9. Can you get people to do things without irritating 

10. Can you stand being opposed without saying things 
you regret later? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


11. Do you make and keep friends easily? 

12. Do you omit the scolding and quarreling about petty 
or even major matters? 

13. Do you adjust yourself to strangers easily? 

14. Are subordinates at ease in your presence? 

15. Can you express your opinions without appearing 
overbearing and narrow-minded? 

16. Are you interested in folks? 

17. Have you tact? 

18. Have you a reasonable amount of self-confidence? 

19. Have you the cooperative and not the competitive 

20. Are you adapted to the group you seek to lead? 

21. Have you a steady will? 

22. Have you the power of the single motive? 

23. Do you wear the leader's white flower of the sincere 

24. Are you sometimes alone with yourself and your God? 

* Home — Essentials of Leadership. 


Fathers and Sons 

Sometime during the year every church should participate 
in at least one father and son banquet. These banquets, if 
properly organized and conducted, are of untold worth in 
bringing about a finer understanding between men and 
boys, and in tying the boys to the church. If you have not 
already held such a gathering in your church begin to plan 
now. Have you ever tried a free banquet? This can gen- 
erally be done by each man bringing from his home a cov- 
ered dish or some portion of a menu. The free banquet 
makes possible bringing men and boys into the church who 
need it most. 


Women's Work in 1935 

Nineteen thirty-five, and this is my first word, so I can 
not refrain from reminding all of us that it is our golden 
anniversary year. Of course, we need only to be reminded. 
We have been aware of its approach for some time. What 
ever may have been our shortcomings during the past year, 
we all wish to make a good record this year, not for our 
own glory but for the sake of the cause we represent and in 
honor and memory of those who have passed the mantle 
of service into our keeping. 

May we then begin the year by achieving our goal of 
$15,000 for the girls' schools in India, China and Africa. We 
did so well last year; yet because some money came in just 
too late we fell short of the goal. If the money has not all 
come in, will the district oificers please again get in touch 
with each local group and urge prompt and definite atten- 
tion to this matter. 

If you in the local churches have not contributed j'our 
share — more than your share, do something about it at once. 
Pray of course, first, last and always ; for real genuine 
lirayer is a very active and energizing force. You have yet 
time to make a self-denial or sacrificial gift. Do it at once. 
Every one who can must do better than the best in order 
to make up for those who can not or who will not. This 
spirit has manifestly characterized our work during the past 
several years. May it so do again this year? 

Any individual desiring to send a gift and not knowing 
how to contact the district secretary should send the gift to 
Anetta Mow, 22 South State Street, Elgin, 111., and mark it 
for Women's Work, indicating also the name of the home 

church if possible. Sister Mow will then credit the district. 
We urge whenever possible, however, that the gifts be sent 
through the district secretaries. 

All gifts to our National Project count in the Achieve- 
ment Offering and are credited to the local church and to 
the district in the Conference Budget. More next week. — 
Airs. Ross D. Murphy. 


The Leader as an Individual 

A. The Leader as an Individual — Third Look Into the Mir- 

If you were to be thoroughly honest, how would you an- 
swer these questions about yourself? 

1. Do you have abundant health? 

2. Are you habitualh^ in a hurry? 

3. Do you worry? 

4. you habitually honest with yourself? 

5. Is your imagination lazy or does it create new plans? 

6. Do you usually favor change or oppose it? 

7. Can you keep your self-respect without much social 

8. Are you habitually cheerful? 

9. Can you hold steady when young people fly off the 

10. Can you see yourself as a moving person ? 

11. Do you usually accept conditons beyond your con- 

B. What He Wants to Do 

If he accepts the Way of Living as being the essential in 
Christianity, he will want to develop with his young people 
both a code and a philosophy in the sex pattern of life. Here 
is a partial outline for individuals in matters of sex: 

1. Recognizing sex as a factor in their own lives — neither 
ashamed of it nor feeling that it is the greatest thing in life. 
Sex is neither God nor Satan. 

2. Knowing from responsible sources the fundamentals 
about sex ; wanting to learn more, but not anxious to know 
it all at once. 

3. Self-controlled. The years 15-18 are hard years from 
the standpoint of sex. 

4. Respecting oneself and others as personalities. Con- 
sidering girls and fellows too valuable to be used as play- 

5. Conserving sex intimacy for future homes, rather than 
spending it on Tom, Dick and Harry (or their feminine 

6. Living by the same code night and day, away from 
home and when one's mother is present. 

Here are two dangers a leader may meet when he tries to 
lielp young people in the sex pattern of life : 

(a) If his own record is clean enough for public inspec- 
tion, he may take credit for it and forget that he had been 
shielded at a critical time from some of the sex temptations 
some young people can't avoid. He may become a Pharisee 
about the matter. 

(b) If his own record isn't clean, he may rationalize the 
whole thing and assume that it really makes no big differ- 
ence anyhow. 

If the former is grateful and humble, and if the latter is 
careful not to pull his ideals down to the level of his rec- 
ord, both can work whole-heartedly toward building ideals 
and a working code for young people that will make possible 
better homes than the best we have ever known. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19. 1935 

C How He Coe* About It 

h will take niontlis to tiiui out wiuit ought to bo known 
alviut any S'^i^nP ^^' young pooplo. Ot course, we can never 
know it all. Inn one constant factor in young people's work 
is the leader's ignorance. And it is significant that tlie aii- 
parent needs ot young people are often minor ones. The 
most deeply felt needs are often kept hack Ironi tlu- people 
who want most to help them. 

1. Outline as best you can tlie outstanding needs of all 
tiie young people on your list. \'ou will doubtless be sur- 
priMd at how little you know them. ' .\ need i> .m oppor- 
tunity tor growth." 

2. Check the persons who have the best possibilities for 
leadership and study them more intently. On you and them 
chierty will hang the responsiliility for the work in the next 
lew critical years. (If this outline is not clear, see Young 
Pt.'i'le's Work in Dec. i*5 issue.) 


111. Why an Intermediate Program? 

Because many social attitudes toward life are being 

A study was made of seven representative high schools — 
two in Ohio, two in West \'irginia, one in Nebraska, one in 
Oregon and one in Connecticut, for the purpose of discov- 
ering in part attitudes and knowledge of our American high 
school students, with regard to international and interracial 


1. Results showed a decided lack of intelligent patriotism. 
Some 59<7r of the students believed tiiat, as a nation, we have 
never mistreated the people of any race or nation. Also 
S'^c thought that no patriotic American would admit that 
any other country is superior to the United States in any 
important aspect. 57% believed that the American people 
place a higher value on law and order than do any other 

2. Extent of racial prejudice. The people named most 
frequently as being disliked were the Japanese, 32%; Chi- 
nese, 29%; Negroes, 22%; Mexicans, 11%; 62% of the stu- 
dents thought the Japanese were treacherous and deceitful. 
54'"r thought the Russians an inferior people. 

.V General attitude of the students toward ideals of peace. 
:>''^'c believed the United States should have the largest army 
and the most powerful navy in the world. 38% believed the 
United States should conquer, annex and develop the coun- 
try of Mexico. 81% believed that nations can no longer act 
independently of each other, but must get together. 

We would like to think that the high school students of 
the Church of the Brethren would make a better record, but 
let us not be satisfied. This is not an exhaustive study by 
any means, but gives evidence of some trends. From this 
.'•tudy, it would seem that there is a lack of sympathy and 
appreciation of the ideals of friendship, understanding and 
tolerance among nations and races. It would indicate that 
there i.s a need to broaden the social consciousness of our 
dawning generation. 


What Is the Unique Task of a Local Director of 
ChUdren's Work? 

There arc three things a director of children's work can 
(in that arc not now everywhere being accomplished in the 
church program for children: 

1. She can become an official representative on the Board 

ol Christian Kiliicaticm (or pastor's cabinet) in planning the 
cluirch progr.itn for children. 

Too often at iiresent onr \irogram planning committees 
ami boartls are made without considering the various inter- 
ests that should be represented. Committees and boards 
that cover the total program should definitely provide mem- 
bership from the three age groups — adult, young people, 

_'. She can liecome the contact person between your 
church and your district director of children's work. 

Some of the strongest urging for a local director has come 
from our district directors who feel the need of having a 
definite person to contact with in the local church. 

3. She can pioneer for >our group in children's work. 

National interdenominational surveys of the last few year^ 
point to a need for greatly enriched leadership in the church 
program for leadership. One leader pioneering can share 
w ith his fellow leaders in finding a better way. 

The leaflet, "The Director of Children's Work," suggests 
the way of choosing this person and the general line of 
procedure. > 



Music is an invaluable aid to any service. The character 
of the music determines in a large measure the atmosphere 
and spiritual success of the service. Real worship can be at- 
tained only through the use of worshipful materials. Wor- 
shipful hymns can be found in abundance in our own Breth- 
ren Hymnal. 

It had not been our privilege in previous pastorates to 
have the Hymnal for congregational use. We are appre- 
ciating it more and more as we use it from time to time in 
our services here. We consider it one of our strong allies in 
developing a spiritual program. 

Besides the constant use of the worship and general de- 
votional hymns, we have learned and used a large number 
of the seasonal hymns. 

Christmas, 1933, we had a special musical program which 
featured a number of the Christmas hymns in our Hymnal. 
Some of our young people spoke of enjoying the "radioed" 
carols more for having given time and thought to them in 
preparation for their use in our own service. And the hear- 
ing of them over the air added to what appreciation had 
already been developed in a very fine way. 

We had a most pleasant and profitable Good Friday serv- 
ice. Much of the spiritual atmosphere of this service was 
developed through the use of many appropriate songs in our 
ever ready source book. Likewise we made generous use 
of the Easter numbers found there. 

Several Sundays previous to our Canadian Thanksgiving, 
Oct. 8, in our evening song service, we studied and prac- 
ticed Thanksgiving hymns, thus making them of more value 
to us in our special Thanksgiving observance. 

We made similar preparation for our Peace Day com- 
memoration, Nov. 11. 

Nov. 25 we accepted the call to a Day of Prayer, feeling 
that our nation and our people needed this as much as those 
of the United States. Again the program was generously 
interspersed with Hymnal hymns. 

We have just passed through the Christmas season again, 
singing gladly: "Joy to the World"; "Hark, What Mean 
These Holy Voices"; "Angels, from the Realms of Glory"; 
"To Us a Child of Hope Is Born." May our children and 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


youth be so saturated with these grand old hymns that the 
birth of Christ is never overshadowed by the commercial- 
ization of this holy day. 

There are denominations extant who still feel that the 
Psalms are the only songs which can properly be used in 
church worship. I do not know whether the founders of 
our beloved church had any such standards or not. But 
my acquaintance with the fact stated above makes me feel 
a special appreciation for hymns that have their origin in 
the Psalms. Our hymnal contains quite a few of these. In 
using them it is well to have the scriptures from which they 
are taken read occasionally. 

At irregular intervals we have studied various hj'mns, at- 
tempting to bring to our minds the beauty of the thoughts 
and to visualize in our minds the pictures they contain. 
We find some most beautiful word pictures and glorious 
phraseology in the songs in our book. 

No small book of gospel songs can take the place of a 
complete hymnary with its grand old hymns and topical and 
seasonal selections in such abundance. Only years of time 
and soul experience can reveal the real value of hymns. To 
buy inexpensive books in order to be able to change fre- 
quently for " something new " is poor economy, to say the 
least. May we have an increased appreciation and use of 
our Church of the Brethren Hymnal. 

Arrowwood, Alberta. Mrs. John Wieand. 

An Interesting Preaching Service 

Many meetings were held in the Sebring church pre- 
liminary to the Christmas celebration. A surprisingly large 
number of the local membership and tourist visitors assem- 
bled on Christmas morning for a common preaching service 
in honor of the birth of our Lord. 

Bro. J. H. Moore preached the sermon. It was most inter- 
esting to listen to a man nearly 89 preach, and preach as he 
did. The sermon was in the nature of a story. He followed 
Matthew and Luke, gathering the matter together and 
weaving it into a beautiful story. He gave special attention 
to the wise men and the special star which led their way 
during the days of their travel to the Christ Child. The 
story was beautifully told and built up in fine poise. 

To many of us the preacher himself was the subject of 
greatest interest. It was next to a marvel how his memory 
hung together and served him. Not for a moment did it for- 
sake him. His quotations were true almost to the letter, 
and he quoted the text of the Biblical story rather fully. 
His powers of reason were keen also. His intellect seems 
as alert as in the days of his young manhood. Like Moses 
at an advanced age, his strength of mind seems unabated, 
and like Lyman Abbott of whom it was said when he was 
climbing up toward 90, he is still fresh and vigorous. And 
it seemed most fitting to all of us that Bro. Moore should 
preach the Christmas sermon. He is regular and prompt in 
attending all the church services. 

The pastors, Bro. D. E. Miller and wife, sang a beautiful 
duet. The sermon and duet dignified and adorned the oc- 
casion. These were the two outstanding features of the 
service. They will be remembered. 

Sebring, Fla. H. C. Early. 

The Christmas Program at Sebring, Florida 

Bro. Early gave the account of the impressive Christmas 
morning sermon by Bro. Moore in the Sebring, Fla., church. 

The write-up of the Christmas service in the church here 
would not be complete if some mention were not made of 

the verjr splendid Christmas program. It was a white gift 
offering. It was most impressive in its simplicity. Every one 
in the Congregation had a part. It made one feel the very 
presence of the angels when the congregation sang, " Joy to 
the World," and " O Come, All Ye Faithful," and the special 
music with a band of white-robed girls on one side of the 
church singing, " Christmas Bells," with the echo of the 
adult group on the opposite side. The church was candle- 
lighted. A ladies' quartet sang softly, " Come Into My 
Heart, Lord Jesus," while the offering was lifted. At the 
close the congregation sang, " Silent Night." The pastor 
pronounced the benediction. 

The whole program was distinctly missionary in spirit and 
the offering was liberal. The marvel of it all is, there is no 
musical instrument in the church and we wondered how it 
was done.' But the fact is, the singers here are taught not 
to depend upon an instrument. What I enjoy most in Se- 
bring is the church spirit. It is so fine under the leadership 
of the pastor, Bro. D. E. Miller and his good wife. 

Sebring, Fla. Mrs. H. C. Early. 


Let us consider this a conscience question and answer it in 
a conscientious way. Our reaction to this question is worth 
far more to the General Mission Board, primarily, and to the 
Publishing House specifically than we can well imagine. I 
shall not let one significant fact influence my answer — that 
of running it below cost, or of its recent efforts to increase 
its circulation, which is only an experiment, from a financial 
standpoint, as I see it. 

I prefer to speak by comparison. Was it ever better? 
Could it be made better? Is it equal to other church peri- 
odicals? To all of these questions I feel that Bro. Frantz 
and his efficient staff would gladly submit to a nation-wide 
questionnaire if thought advisable ; but perhaps it would 
bring better results to submit a like number of questions to 
our Messenger readers as follows : 

First, what have you done to improve the church Htera- 

Second, will you help to make the Messenger better and 
to increase its circulation? 

Third, do you prefer any other denominational literature, 
and if so, why? I imagine it would wonderfully help a lot 
of people to know your answers. 

I have been a reader of our church literature for more 
than sixty years, in fact, from the time I could read. I have 
noted every change in form and purpose of each publica- 
tion down to the present time. I admired the " Inglenook " 
much more than the " Pious Youth," for I could understand 
it better, although the latter was more elementary in char- 
acter. Regarding the Messenger, I offer no adverse criti- 
cism, for it is a balanced ration that is a soul-food for, at 
least, every adult mind in the brotherhood; and now with 
the added feature of the B. Y. P. D. topical outlines, I think 
our young people will become much more interested in the 
whole paper. 

At first I did not like the department, " The Church at 
Work," but the more I study the scope and purpose of its 
work the more I see its adaptability to our church pro- 
gram. It is seldom that such an array of talent has ever 
undertaken such a gigantic task in our church, and I feel 
that the whole cabinet will keenly appreciate our prayers 
and earnest cooperation. 

I now very reluctantly pass over many noted improve- 
ments in the good old Gospel Messenger to pay tribute to 
our much loved secretary of the General Mission Board, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 

wlio is tnriiisliini; us ircqiieiit and gr.ipliic accounts of our 
Africa mission and will later let us have a closer insight 
into the activities of our older fields. The deputation may 
rest assured of our sympathy and pravers while absent from 
the honu" hase. This feature of the Messenger alone is 
>urely worth the small subscription price and we will he that 
much in ilcht if the club prices prevail. 

Bro. H. Spenser Minnich's recent visit tc> our church 
^Dcc. 3> was a great treat to every one. We lirst enjoyed a 
fellowship supper in the church basement, after which Bro. 
Minnich in an open forum visualized our work abroad in 
such a manner that everybody here feels friendlier toward 
the cause. 

Hut why sa.\- I like the Messenger, the church, missions 
or anything else and do so little toward pushing the work 
along? " Why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do not the things 
that I say?" If you like the Messenger, let's put this mis- 
sionary project across. The dollar and a quarter can easily 
be raised if we think so. God bless the Mission Board for 
this thought. A. G. Crosswhite. 

Eaton. Ohio. 

3. Chinese Sunday-school: Phases of Growth (Cont.) 

Another very interesting and important phase of mission 
work has developed as an outgrowth of our Chinese Sun- 
day-school in Chicago. Two of the teachers became inter- 
ested in the Chinese children and women of our city, and 
caught a vision of the possibilities in this field. A little more 
than three years ago, in the summer of 1931, Mrs. AUie 
Eisenbise and Miss Oma Holderread decided to attempt a 
vacation school for the Chinese children in Chinatown. A 
successful school of two weeks was held. At the close of the 
two weeks the children begged for the school to continue. 
Since that time the Vacation School has become an accepted 
part of the summer program, not only in the minds of the 
workers, but of the boys and girls and their mothers as 
well. Each year from fifty to seventy-five boys and girls 
have attended. 

It was the hope of Mrs. Eisenbise and Miss Holderread 
after the close of the school three years ago to gain access 
into some of the Chinese homes. The Vacation School was 
indeed an opening wedge and the doors opened to the mis- 
sionaries much more rapily than they had dared to antici- 
pate. From that day to this they have been making more 
or less regular visits to, and teaching the gospel in dozens 
of homes. They are cordially welcomed into tlie homes not 
only in Chinatown, but also in various other parts of the 
city. In many of the homes the mothers as well as the 
children show a warm interest in the lessons taught, which 
may be English, or perhaps Bible stories, and even some- 
times handwork or sewing and other pointers on homecraft 
or child care. A few of the homes are Christian homes; 
but the majority of them are not. However, but few of 
these homes show aversion to Christian teaching. Our hope 
and prayer is that some of the mothers and children will 
soon decide for Christ. 

As a result of this work a few Chinese children of the 
neighborhood have become pupils in our morning American 
Sunday-school and our afternoon Chinese Sunday-school. 
The Saturday afternoon Girls' Club in Chinatown is an in- 
teresting and worth-while project. Here about twenty-five 
girls meet for Bible stories, handwork, and fellowship each 
week. A similar class could be organized for the boys if a 
J'.-achcr were available for them. 

This is a splendid piece of work that Mrs. Eisenbise and 

Miss Holderread are doing. Boys and girls are being taught 
alioiit Jesus. Mothers wlio are far from their homeland are 
tinding warm friends and catching a gleam of gospel truth. 
Seeds of truth are being planted that must surely bear fruit 
to the glory of God. 

Still one other by-product of our Chinese Sunday-school 
is our South China Missionary Society. This Society was 
organized about four years ago: "(1) To support such work- 
ers in South China as may be agreed upon by this society 
and the General Mission Board. (2) To help train mission- 
aries for work among the Chinese in America or South Chi- 
na. (3) To support any other project among the Chinese 
that may be agreed upon by the society." From a charter 
membership of twenty the society has grown to a member- 
ship of thirty-seven. Since its organization, the society has 
been helping to support both the mission in South China, 
and the work in the homes in Chicago. 

This society gives opportunity for sustaining an aggres- 
sive interest on the part of the teachers of our Chinese 
Sunday-school after they leave Bethany and enter other 
fields of service. There is a real contribution for this so- 
ciety to make in making the name of Christ known among 
the Chinese in South China and among those in our own 

While our Chinese Sunday-school is more than a quarter 
of a century old, and we have directly or indirectly touched 
the lives of perhaps thousands of the sons and daughters of 
China, there is still a big task for our Sunday-school and its 
allied organizations to perform. May the Father continue 
to bless our efforts is our hope and prayer. 

Chicago, 111. Elgin S. Moyer. 


The children in the home, thirteen in number, have seemed 
unusually happy this Christmas time, because of the many 
Christmas gifts received, some from individuals, Sunday- 
school classes and Sunday-schools, and some from Aid So- 
cieties. They also seem to appreciate in a wonderful way 
the very excellent care they are receiving at the hands of 
the superintendent and matron. 

A fine crop of grain was raised on the farm this year, so 
that it will not be necessary to buy flour. Then there have 
been nearly ten tons of hay baled, which is a surplus over 
the needs of the Home. Nearly 900 bushels of potatoes were 
raised on the farm. Of course, if we could find sale for the 
potatoes and hay it would help very much in paying some 
of the expenses of the Home. 

.Some have been wondering if the farm is an asset in run- 
ning the Home. We have found it very much of a help in 
maintaining the Home and also helpful in training the chil- j 
dren for useful lives. In fact, we think it would be a sad ' 
mistake to try to keep orphan children without the training 
for the boys on the farm and the girls in the house. The 
girls are expected to do general housework. This of course 
includes caring for their own rooms, as the girls are in 
rooms prepared for two. The boys sleep in a general ward. 
A lathe has been installed in the basement where many 
necessary articles for the farm are turned out. 

On account of the fact that many of the children who 
were in on support have been removed because of financial 
conditions, we are very much in need of aid to pay salary of 
superintendent and matron. We hope the various congre- 
gations responsible for the Home will respond with financial 
aid. We certainly appreciate the hearty support that many 
have been giving in the past and pray God's blessing on 
those who have made the Home possible by gifts and by 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


continually remembering the Home with prayer and aid. A 
Happy New Year to all! Emra T. Fike, 

Oakland, Md. Secretary-Treasurer. 


The Thirty-fifth Annual Bible Institute will be held at 
Ehzabethtown College, Jan. 20-27. Those desiring informa- 
tion about lodging should write or see Prof. J. Z. Herr, 
Business Manager. The day by day program of the insti- 
tute is as follows : 

Sunday, January 20 
Church of the Brethren, Washington Street 
9 : 00 A. M.— Sunday-school Hour. 

10 : 00 A. M.— Sermon— "Our Need of God"— V. F. Schwalm. 
6:45 P. M.— Y. P. D. Service. 

7:30 P. M.— Sermon— " The Validity of Prayer "—V. F. 

Daily Program, Monday to Saturday 

8:40 A. M.— Worship Period. 

9:00 A. M.— "Our Church Program "—H. L. Hartsough. 
Monday — " Organizing the Church for Service." 
Tuesday — " The Public Worship." 

Wednesday — " The Teaching Ministry of the Church." 
Thursday — " Evangelism in a Modern World." 
Friday — " The Service Ministry of the Church." 
Saturday — " The Place of the Church in Community 
10:00 A. M.— "The Last Days of Jesus "—A. C. Wieand. 

Monday — "Jesus Comes to Jerusalem as Messianic 

Tuesday — "Jesus' Last Controversy with the Jewish 

Wednesday — "Jesus Prophesies Concerning the End 

of the Jewish Kingdom and of the World." 
Thursday^ — "Jesus' Last Evening with his Disciples." 
Friday— " Jesus Is Crucified and Buried." 
Saturday — " Jesus Is Resurrected and Appears to His 
11:00 A. M. — "Outstanding Leaders of the Christian 
Church " — V. F. Schwalm. 
Monday — " Church History in Outline." 
Tuesday — " St. Augustine, the Bishop of Hippo." 
Wednesday — " St. Francis, the Friend of the Poor." 
Thursday — " Martin Luther, the Preacner of Grace." 
Friday — "John Wesley, Whose Parish Was the 

Saturday — " Dwight L. Moody, Messenger of Love." 
12:00-1:30— P. M.— Lunch and Recreation. 
1 : 30-2 : 30 P. M. — " Christ's Teaching Concerning Prayer 
and the Holy Spirit " — A. C. Wieand. 
Monday — " The Prayer Life of the Christian and the 

Prayer Life of Jesus." 
Tuesday — " Praying and the Fatherhood of God." 
Wednesday — " Praying in the Name of Jesus." 
Thursday — " Praying in the Holy Spirit." 
Friday — " The Teaching of Jesus About the Holy 

Saturday — " The Apostolic Church and the Holy 
2 : 45-3 : 45 P. M. — Group Conferences. 

Missions — " The Greatest Need of the Orient " — Min- 
erva Metzger. 
Ministers — "The Christian Ministry" — H. L. Hart- 

Monday — " Finding the Minister." 
Tuesday — " Training the Minister." 
Wednesday — " Placing the Minister." 
Thursday — " Directing the Minister." 
Friday — " Growing the Church." 

Saturday — " Christian Courtesy in the Ministerial 
1 : 30-3 : 30 P. M. — Eastern Regional Women's Work Con- 
ference — Thursday afternoon in College Chapel. 

^ Evening Sessions 


7:00-7:45 P. M. — "Mission Activities" — Minerva Metzger. 

7 : 45-8 : 30 P. M. — Sermon Lectures — V. F. Schwalm. 
Monday — " What Jesus Taught About God." 
Tuesday—" How Some Men Have Found God." 
Wednesday — " Simple Living in a Complex Age." 
Thursday — " Some Principles That Should Obtain in 

Our New Economic Order." 
Friday — " Puritanism or Hollywood." 
Saturday — " Choosing a Vocation and Growing in It." 

Special Programs 

Sunday Morning, Washington Street Church 
9 : 00 A. M. — Sunday-school Hour. 
10 : 00 A. M.— Theme— " Youth and Leisure." 

Address — " Teaching Youth to Evaluate Life Proper- 
ly "—A. C. Wieand. 
Music — Women's Octette. 

Address — "What Has the Church to Offer Youth in 
His Leisure Time " — H. L. Hartsough. 

Missionary Program 

Sunday Afternoon, Auditorium-Gymnasium 
Worship Period. 
Address — " Wise Stewardship of Material Things " — R. P. 

Music — College A cappella Choir. 
Recitation — Helen Ott. 

Address — " All For Jesus " — Minerva Metzger. 
Music— College a Cappella Choir. 

Program on Peace 

Sunday, 7:30 o'clock, Auditorium-Gymnasium 
Worship Period. 
Music — Women's Octette. 
Address— "Is There a Moral Equivalent of War?"— A. C. 

Music — Men's Octette. 
Address— "What Can We Do to Hasten World Peace?"— H. 

L. Hartsough. 

Elizabethtown, Pa. R. W. Schlosser. 


What can we say or how, that will express our deep feel- 
ing of sympathy in the passing of our beloved Sister Winnie 
E. Cripe? Nor can we say just how much has been ac- 
complished in her short years, nor how many souls have been 
born into the kingdom through her work and influence. 
But we know all will be revealed in eternity. 

Only a few (other than our sister and those in mission 
work) really know what it means to leave comfortable 
homes, loved ones and friends, and go .to make their homes 
with people in other lands. But this she did wiUingly. She 
was happy to be about her Father's business, performing 
the work that she was called on to do, and has thus finished 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 

her course. Yet her inriuonce still reaches out to inspire us 
to closer h'ving and more faithful service. 

How nnich we of her home congregation, the Pine Creek 
church, will miss her visits when on furlough, her letters oi 
admonition and encouragement, and her interest in ouv 
boys and girls. And we in return responded in a very small 
way by sending a few things that she could use in her work 
in China. How little we did, and how much she inspired 
us! She was the connecting link between us and the mis- 
sion work in Giina, but now that link is broken. Will we let 
our interest decrease ? Xo, let us not forget that now there 
is one more missing from our Mission Band. Who will take 
her place? We know it is tlie Father's will that this work 
should continue, that his gospel shall be preached to the en- 
tire world. Then let us do all in our power to help keep 
the work progressing. What better way can we honor our 
sister and glorify our Father in heaven than in our lives. 
through faithfulness in his work at home or abroad? 

On the 9th day of December, in the Pine Creek church, 
a service was conducted in memory of our departed sister. 
Could we not have a memorial service each year in honor 
oi her and others who gave their lives in another land serv- 
ing the One whom they loved? Sucii services would bring 
before us the need of more workers and help for the mission 
cause. Mrs. Frank Keiser. 

Lakeville. Ind. 


Sunday evening, Dec. 9, 1934, Dr. Byron Sell passed away. 
A year ago he suffered a heart attack, but speedily recov- 
ered, enjoying better health than usual during the year. 
Having felt some disturbance on Thursday, Dr. Sell, always 
active, kept on working. It was while at the Mercj^ Hos- 
pital, where he was on the staff, that he suffered a severe 
heart attack. Even then he expected to go to his home that 
evening and be ready for work Monday. Mrs. Sell sent two 
messages to him, asking whether she should come out. Twice 
the answer was in the negative, but later on he wanted her 
to come. He was anointed. He was apprehensive about his 
condition, but said he was better Sunday morning. His 
father and mother, who had been away, reached home in 
time to sec him. He was conscious almost to the last, mak- 
ing suggestions and praying. .At 8:40 o'clock in the eve- 
ning a noble Christian physician and minister, a loving hus- 
band and a devoted Christian father, entered into rest, hav- 
ing told his companion, " I know you will take care of the 

The doctor and his wife had been married ten years the 
day he was stricken. Five children blessed their union: 
fiyron Stover, aged eight; Daniel Edwin, aged seven; Carl 
Ellis, aged five; Virginia Cassel, aged three and Helen 
Margaret, aged eight months. 

Grandfather Cassel had been buried Thanksgiving Day. 
Carl said he knew daddy and saw him. Mother can assure 
the little ones that we will know each other there, but who 
can tell them whether or not daddy sees us? 

Dr. Sell was active in the work of the Altoona Clinic, a 
group of five physicians. He was a specialist in ear, nose 
and throat work. He was a member of the Blair County 
Medical Society, a member of the Pennsylvania State Medi- 
cal Society and an ordained minister of the Church of the 

Born in Altoona on July 5, 1897, a son of Daniel M. and 
Mrs. N'ancy CDilling) Sell, the latter deceased, he was grad- 
uated from the Altoona high school in the class of 1916. 
Members of this class sponsored a service at the home the 

evening preceding the day of the funeral. He received the 
degree of bachelor of science from Juniata College in 1922, 
and in 1924 was graduated from Jefferson Medical College 
in Philadelphia, with the degree^ of doctor of medicine. He 
practiced in Altoona since the summer following a year's 
interneship in Scranton State Hospital. 

It Isn't True 

It isn't true, it can't be true. 

That you have gone away; 

After this dream of sorrow's through, 

We'll meet one happy day. 

How could a voice that spoke such cheer 

Be silent evermore? 

Surely the hands that labored here 

Are serving as before. 

We who have said, "Thy will be mine," 
From heaven's richest store 
Must ever ask for grace divine 
To follow toward that shore. 

.\ltoona. Pa. 

Ada C. Sel 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Berkebile-Huber.— By the undersigned, Sept. 23, 1934, at the home of 
tlie bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. L. C. Huber, Mr. James Berkebile 
and Mis-i Clara Lucille Huber. — C. Walter Warstler, Bellefontaine, Ohio. 

Bidingcr-McVicker.— By the undersigned at his home, Dec. 23, 1934, 
Bro. Geo. Bidinger of Spencer, Ohio, and Sister Olive McVicker of 
Lodi, Ohio.— Arthur L. Dodge, Spencer, Ohio. 

Burnett-Kennedy.— By the undersigned at his residence, Dec. 22, Mr. 
William Burnett and Miss Frances Kennedy were united in marriage. 
—J. A. Guthrie, Blisslield, Mich. 

Inskeep-Mohr.— By the undersigned at the home of the bride's par- 
ents. Brother and Sister Leslie Mohr, Dec. 24, 1934, Mr. Herbert Ins- 
keep and Miss Mary Lou Mohr.— C. Walter Warstler, Bellefontaine, 

Kreglow-Snyder. — By the undersigned at the Stony Creek Church 
of the Brethren, Dec. 23, 1934, Mr. Homer Kreglow and Miss Lois 
Snyder, daughter of Eld. and Mrs. B. F. Snyder. — C. Walter Warstler, 
Bellefontaine, Ohio. 

Lee-Weddle.— By the undersigned at the First Baptist church of 
Dodge City, Dec. 22. 1934, Wm. E. Lee of Gaylord, Kans., and Mary 
Catherine Weddle of Bloom, Kans.— Alfred R. Hardy, Dodge City, Kans. 

Simtnons-Sponaugle. — By the undersigned at the home of the bride's 
parents, near Franklin, W. Va., Dec. 24, 1934, Bro. Earley Lee Simmons 
and Sister Rhea Mae Sponaugle. — O. F. Bowman, Harrisonburg, Va. 

Weaver-Herbert. — By the undersigned at his residence, Dec. 23, 1934, 
Bro. William Weaver and Sister Merna Herbert were united in mar- 
riage. — J. A. Guthrie, Blissfield, Mich. 

Weddle-Harshbarger. — By the undersigned at the First Baptist church 
of Dodge City, Oct. 7, 1934, Orvis E. Weddle of Bloom, Kans., and 
Mildred Bennett Harshbarger of Dodge City, Kans. — Alfred R. Hardy, 
Dodge City, Kans. 

Wise-Powell— Jan. 1, 193.'^, Hubert R. Wise and Vera E. Powell, at 
Mid.llehury, Ind— J. H. pike, Middlebury, Ind. 


Albtn, Sister Nellie M., daughter of Geo, and Esther Sprung, born 
in Aurora, 111., March 22, 1859, died Nov. 19, 1934, at the home of her 
daughter, Anna Chcesman. On July 6, 1876, she married Oscar C. 
Albin. She was a loyal member of the Church of the Brethren for 
fifty-five years. She was the mother of ten children, two having died 
in early childhood; four sons and four daughters survive, also thirty- 
four grandchildren and fifteen great-grandchildren. One son, Charles, 
is a minister. Funeral services by Eld. D. A. Crist and interment in 
Maple Grove cemetery. — Lizzie Miller, Norton, Kans. 

Bosserman, Bro. L. Irvin, died Dec. 22, 1934, at his home in York. 
Pa., aged 65 years. He was a member of the Church of the Brethren. 
He is survived by his widow. Sister Alice Sunday Bosserman, two 
sisters and two brothers. Services in the Mummert meetinghouse by 
Elders Daniel Bowser, L. E. Leas and Samuel Miller. Interment in. 
the adjoining cemetery.— Florence L. Kecney, York, Pa, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


Brumbaugh, Emma Mary (Boiler), wife of Martin H. Brumbaugh of 
Williamsburg, Pa., was born at Russellville, Pa., Oct. 27, 1857, and 
died Sept. 15, 1934. She was the daughter of Charles F. and Catherine 
(Weaver) Boiler. She attended catechism and became a member of 
the Reformed Church when very young. She united with the Church 
of the Brethren, being baptized by Bro. Geo. Brumbaugh, on March 
31, 1887. She was a devout member of the Fairview congregation for 
thirty-nine years, willingly and faithfully serving thirty-two of these 
years as the wife of a deacon. Mr. and Mrs. Brumbaugh celebrated 
their golden wedding anniversary this year. Surviving are her hus- 
band, four daughters: Mrs. Andrew Edwards of Clymer, Mrs. Blan- 
don K. Detwiler, Mrs. Elmer Snoberger and Mrs. Homer Pheasant all 
of Williamsburg; and three sons: John R. and Paul A. of Williamsburg 
and Robert R. of Woodbury. Three children preceded her to the grave. 
Twenty-eight grandchildren and one great-grandchild; one brother, 
Noah Boiler, and one sister, Mrs. Matilda Livengood of Saxton, also 
survive. Funeral services were conducted in the Fairview Church of 
the Brethren, in charge of Brethren Ernest A. Brumbaugh and I. B. 
Kensinger. Interment was made in the Shelly-Fairview cemetery. — 
Mrs. Ernest A. Brumbaugh, Williamsburg, Pa. 

Chapman, Louisa, born in New York, died Dec. 21, 1934, at the hos- 
pital in Muncie, aged 60 years. She had been a resident of Muncie, 
Ind., for some years and a member of the Church of the Brethren in 
recent years. Her former husband, Mr. Maust, died in 1932 and 
April 26, 1934, she married Claud Chapman. Surviving are the hus- 
band and three stepchildren. Services by the writer and Reuben 
Boomershine. — J. Andrew Miller, Muncie, Ind. 

Cripe, Sister Susanna Grubb, born near Chillicothe, Ohio, Nov. 25, 
1860, died Dec. 23, 1934. Dec. 24, 1882, she married Josephus S. Cripe; 
to this union were born two sons and two daughters. She with her 
husband united with the Church of the Brethren and always lived a 
Christian life. In August, 1924, her husband died and she had since 
lived with her children. Three years ago she suffered a fall and 
had been an invalid since. Dec. 19 she was stricken with paralysis. 
She leaves her four children, thirteen grandchildren, one brother and 
one sister. Funeral services at the church at Whitefish by A. R. 
Fike, assisted by Bro. H. N. Webb. — Minnie Fry, Whitefish, Mont. 

Cullers, Wade H., died Dec. 20, 1934, aged 21 years. He was the old- 
est son of James and Rosa Cullers. He was a member of the Church 
of the Brethren for more than six years. He was crippled by a roll- 
ing log and was in the hospital at Harrisonburg, Va., for four weeks. 
He leaves father, mother, three brothers and three sisters. Services 
at the Cullers schoolhouse by Eld. W. D. Walker, assisted by the 
undersigned. — W. E. Kohne, Mathias, W. Va. 

Detter, Sister Adeline, died Sept. 25, 1934, at the home of her daugh- 
ter and son-in-law in York, aged 86 years. She was a member of the 
Church of the Brethren for a number of years. She is survived by 
three daughters, three sons and eight grandchildren. Services in the 
First church by Elders M. A. Jacobs and L. E. Leas. Interment in 
Strayers cemetery. — Florence L. Keeney, York, Pa. 

Findley, Mrs. Susan, daughter of Samuel S. and Barbara Knavel 
Stutzman, born Jan. 24, 1858, in Johnstown, Pa., died in the hospital, 
Lodi, Ohio, Dec. 16, 1934. Aug. 22, 1880, she married Ephraim Findley. 
To this union were born two sons, one of whom died at the age of 
sixteen. In 1912 the family moved to Perry County, Ohio; two years 
later they moved to Medina County, Ohio, within the bounds of the 
Black River church where she resided until death. In her early teens 
she united with the Church of the Brethren and had been a faithful 
and loyal member. She called for the anointing service which was a 
great consolation to her. She is survived by her husband, one son, 
four grandchildren and four great-grandchildren. Services at the 
Black River church by the writer, assisted by Bro. David Sower. — 
Arthur L. Dodge, Spencer, Ohio. 

Fuhrman, Bro. Jas. F., died Oct. 17, 1934. at his home in York, Pa., 
aged 58 years. He was an active member of the Church of the 
Brethren. He is survived by his wife. Sister Emma Ness Fuhrman, 
one son and two daughters. Services in the First church by Eld. 
Elmer Leas, assisted by Bro. Jos. M. Baugher. Interment in East 
Codorus cemetery. — Florence L. Keeney, York, Pa. 

Gipe, Jacob, son of Jacob and Elizabeth Frese Gipe, born May 19, 
1842, died Dec. 27, 1934, in the home of his son, Wm. Gipe. He was 
a native of Germany and came with his parents to America when 
three years old. In 1862 he married Hannah Hammond who preceded 
him forty years ago. Since then he had lived with his children. Sur- 
viving are a son and a daughter, eight grandchildren, nineteen great- 
grandchildren and two half sisters. He was a member of the Church 
of the Brethren. Services in the South Whitley church by the writer. 
Interment in the South Whitley cemetery.— L. U. Kreider, Columbia 
City. Ind. 

Gohn, Bro. Ralph, died Dec. 27, 1934. at the York hospital, aged 16 
years. Death followed two hours after he was struck by a hit and 
run driver; death was caused by a fractured skull. He was a member 
of the Church of the Brethren and a member of the mission school. 
He is survived by his mother. Sister S. May Gohn, and one sister. 
Services at the home by Eld. Daniel Bowser. Burial in Mt. Rose 
cemetery. — Florence L. Keeney, York, Pa. 

Grant, Leah, daughter of Philbert and Eliza Lardon, born at Berne, 
Switzerland, Dec. 14, 1863, died Dec. 25, 1934, at her home in Allen 
County, Ohio. She came to America at the age of seventeen years. 
Aug. 20, 1886, she married Robert Grant; to this union were born five 
sons and daughters. The husband and three children preceded her. 

In 1894 she united with the Church of the Brethren and remained faith- 
ful until the end. She was anointed eight days before her death. She 
leaves one brother, four sons and four daughters, twenty-seven grand- 
children and ten great-grandchildren. Funeral by the writer in the 
County Line church. Interment in the La Fayette cemetery. — J. L. 
Guthrie, LaFayette, Ohio. 

Hetrick, Bro. Robert Edward, born Feb. 6, 1893, died Dec. 13, 1934. 
He died in the Gettysburg hospital from injuries he received when he 
stepped from the cab of a locomotive in which he was a fireman to 
a depth of twenty-five feet. He was unaware that the engine had 
stopped over a bridge. He was a faithful member of the Church of 
the Brethren. He is survived by his wife, who was Mettie Richrode, 
four children, one grandchild, two brothers and one sister. Services 
at the home by J. E. Myers and J. M. Staofifer. Burial in Mt. Olivet 
cemetery. — A. P. Hetrick, Hanover, Pa. 

HoUinger, Sister Mary (Roadcap), wife of Bro. William Hollinger of 
Shady Grove, Pa., died at the home of her daughter, Sister Mary 
Byers, near Hagerstown, Md. Sister Hollinger was born near Dayton, 
Va., Dec. 8, 1866, and died Dec. 7, 1934. Five weeks before her death 
she went to visit her daughter where she took very sick and died of 
complications. Brother and Sister Hollinger were married Dec. 4, 1890. 
To this union three sons and five daughters were born. One daughter 
preceded her mother in death. She was a loyal servant of the church, 
always ready to do her part. She will be greatly missed. Funeral 
services in the Hade house, conducted by Bro. Welty Smith, assisted 
by Brethren Samuel Gearhart and Emmert Stoufifer. Burial in the 
adjoining cemetery. — Grace E. Smith, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Howard, Sister Jennie Williams, born and reared in Cambria County, 
died in the hospital, Johnstown, Dec. 12, 1934, aged 56 years. In 1891 
she married Stephen Howard and this union was blessed with thirteen 
children, all of whom are living. There remain also twenty-six grand- 
children and two great-grandchildren. Her husband died in 1928 and 
she later was married to his brother, David Howard, who survives. 
She was a member of the Church of the Brethren a number of years. 
Prior to her operation she called for the anointing service. Her fu- 
neral was preached in the Roxbury church by her pastor, Bro. T. F. 
Henry, assisted by Rev. Richards. Burial in Berkley cemetery. — 
Jerome E. Blough, Johnstown, Pa. 

Kauffman, Adam, son of Emanuel Kauffman, born Nov. 11, 1866, 
died at the age of 68 years. Kauffnum, Anna Magdalena, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Moses Hemminger, born July 6, 1865, and died at the 
age of 69 years. They were both born and lived their entire life near 
Bremen. They were married Nov. 14, 1889. The united with the 
church of their choice early in life and lived consistent, Christian lives. 
They were quiet and unassuming yet active for the Lord. Their influ- 
ence was always on the side of Christ. Bro. Kauffman was church 
clerk, trustee, teacher of the men's Bible class and treasurer and active 
worker in the men's organization. They leave three daughters. Bro. 
Kauffman leaves one sister; his wife leaves three sisters. On Dec. 22 
an auto accident proved fatal for both. They had driven to Nappanee 
to do some Christmas shopping. Ready to return home they drove 
out of a side street directly in front of another car. Due to the icy 
pavement an accident could not be avoided. Sister Kauffman was 
killed instantly; Bro. Kauffman died six hours later without regain- 
ing consciousness. A double funeral service was held in the Bremen 
church by the pastor, assisted by Elders David Metzler and Ervin 
Weaver. — Chas. C. Cripe, Bremen, Ind. 

Kline, Sister Amelia Neff, born Sept. 9, 1873, died Dec. 1, 1934. She 
is survived by seven children and nine grandchildren. Funeral serv- 
ices in the Lancaster church by Brethren M. J. Weaver and H. B. 
Yoder. Interment in the Mountville cemetery. — Mrs. Henry Bucher, 
Lancaster, Pa. 

Kohr, Sister Sarah Y., died Sept. 4, 1934, at the York hospital, aged 
56 years. She was a member of the Church of the Brethren. Surviv- 
ing are one son, one daughter, three grandchildren, four sisters and 
two brothers. Services at her home by Elders M. A. Jacobs and 
J. J. Bowser. Interment in Prospect Hill cemetery. — Florence L. 
Keeney, York, Pa. 

Laudner, Amos Samuel, son of Conrad and Mary Laudner, born 
March 9, 1904, in Pocohontas County, Iowa, djed Dec. 26, 1934, near 
Sheffield, Iowa. He met death by accident. When a small boy he 
moved with his parents to Frankin County, Iowa, where he had sin<;e 
resided. He united with the Church of the Brethren at the age of 
twelve. He was united in marriage to Alberta Gruise of Marble Rockj' 
Towa. March 5, 1931. One son was born to this union. He leaves his' 
wife and son, his parents, five brothers and five sisters. Services at- 
Union Ridge church conducted by the writer. Interment in Duniont' 
cemetery. — C. E. Schrock, Greene, Iowa. 

Lau^hmaji, Sister Emma Jane, died Oct. 22, 1934, at the Old Folks' 
Home near Carlisle, aged 69 years. She was a member of the Church 
of the Brethren. Surviving are four brothers and one sister. Serv- 
ices in the Mummert meetinghouse by Elders M. A. Jacobs, Daniel 
Bowser and C. L. Baker. Burial in the adjoining cemetery. — Florence 
L. Keeney, York, Pa. 

Tridle, Geo., died at his home near Silver Lake, Ind., Nov. 21, 1934, 
aged 80 years. He married Sarah Ulrey fifty-seven years ago. The 
widow and four children survive. He had been a member of the Eel 
River church over thirty years, had held the office of trustee and acted 
as caretaker for over twenty years. Funeral services at Eel River 
church by Bro. Moyne Landis, assisted by the writer. — Geo. W. Dea- 
t<ni. Claypool, Ind. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19. 1935 



Glcodafe Missiom.— Each dcparlmi-nt of the Sunday-school took part 
ui the Thanksgiving program. Tlie junior dcpartiuent is directed by 
Sister Kranti. Her able leadership is appreciated. The Thanksgiving 
offering lor general missions amounted to $27. Our love feast was 
held Nov. 11 with a good attendance. There have been two additions 
to the church by letters from Nebraska. A painting of "Christ in 
Gethseraane" has been purchased by the church. It was dedicated by 
the congregation singing •■'Tis the Hour of Midnight Now." The 
men and boys' banquet was held Nov. 21. They report a profitable 
and pleasant evening. Dec. 9 the Africa slides were shown here. Bro. 
Harrison Frantz. the pastor, gave the lecture accompanying them. 
At this time a missionary ofTcring was taken. A food sale held by the 
Ladies' Aid netted $14.20. The dime cards were used for the Christ- 
mas offering. Dec. !■» J. Z. Gilbert gave a lecture with slides entitled 
"Ancient Animal Life of the Southwest." This was sponsored by the 
Home Builders' Sunday-school class and was very instructive. Our 
Christmas exercises were especially impressive this year. The pro- 
gram was given Sunday evening, Dec. 23. by the Sunday-school. The 
music for the occasion was furnished by the young people's orchestra 
and by Sister Taylor's choir. There was a white gift offering. We are 
expecting the Pasadena choir to sing for us the evening of Dec. 30. — 
Lulu Tcrford. Glendale, Calif., Dec. 27. 


Winter Park church is actively engaged in the Master's work. We 
are having services appropriate to various departments of church 
activities with Eld. C. E. Bower as our pastor. The enrollment of our 
Sunday-school is about 100 with Forrest Chambers, superintendent and 
Bro. J. A. Richards, assistant. We held our fall communion in No- 
vember with about sixty present. At our recent council we took steps 
toward providing a larger church house to accommodate our increas- 
ing attendance. With that in view a committee was appointed to re- 
port progress on plans, etc., from time to time. With funds left by 
the will of one of Winter Park's respected citizens, the Church of the 
Brethren together with all other churches of the town is receiving 
sufficient funds to build and equip a church house to provide ample 
room and facilities for all departments of church work. Therefore we 
arc anticipating a well equipped building before the close of another 
year. We welcome all Brethren tourists who are seeking a genial 
clime to stop with us and while here to assist in the great mission field 
for the church in Florida.— J. W. Chambers, Orlando, Fla., Jan. 3. 


Astoria church met in a regular meeting Dec. 4. Bro. E. F. Caslow 
was elected elder. The ministerial committee has been instructed to 
look for an evangelist to hold a revival next fall. The Ladies' Aid 
made a very good record the last three months; during this time they 
earned $103.79. The president is Mrs. Dave Baker. Our revival meet- 
ing conducted by Bro. G. O. Stutsman was a success. Three were 
rec'-ivcd into church fellowship by baptism and one was reinstated. 
The love feast on Oct. 1 was a spiritual meeting with Bro. Stutsman 
officiating. The church has been built up spiritually. The temper- 
ance play. What Shall It Profit? was given by the young people of the 
Woodland church on Sunday evening, Oct. 7. Union services were 
held in our church Thanksgiving Day, the Rev. R. D. Freleigh of the 
Christian church bringing the message. The primary department of 
the Sunday-school gave their Christmas program Sunday morning, 
Dec. 23, and the intermediates and young people gave theirs in the 
evening. TTic young people's play was The Christmas Voice, which 
was very well rendered and had a wonderful message. Cottage prayer 
meetings are being held in the homes during the winter, on Thursday 
eveniiHf of each week. We have decided to accept the club rate plan to 
get the Messenger in our homes the coming year. — Mrs. Rosella Sulli- 
van, Astoria, III., Dec. 27. 

Lamotte Prairia.— Sept. 30 we had an all-day meeting with an inter- 
eitinir pr'/gram in the afternoon. The messages of the day were given 
by three ministers of different denominations. At the council meeting 
Not. 24 officers of the church were elected for the coming year. Our 
pastor, Bro. D. C. Ritchcy, was elected elder. A series of meetings 
cio«od I>ec. 17 when wc had our love feast. Bro. R. N. Leatherman, 
the evangelist, brought stirring messages each evening. In advertis- 
ing the revival he visited five grade schfxjls and two high schools and 
gave them inc».*ages in an interesting way. — Mrs. Oliver Dearing, Pal- 
'•itine. III., Jan. 2. 

Pmtrhrr Creek church held a two weeks' revival meeting Nov. S to 
ii with A. W. Adkin! of Cabo'jl, Mo., in charge. He labored earnestly 
and bis sermons were constructive and spiritual. One was baptized. 
Our communion service was on Nov. 17, an all-day meeting, with Bro. 
Adkins officiating. Nov. 22 fifty-five of the members gathered at the 
home of Kid. J. W. Switzcr and wife to help them celebrate their 
fifty- fifth wedding anniversary. The church remembered the pastor 
at Christmas time with a nice supply of groceries and other good 
things to eat, which was very much appreciated. The children gave 
a program on Dec. 23. — Alta Small, Roanoke, III., Jan. 3. 


Baugo church enjoyed a splendid scries of meetings in charge of 
Uro. I. D. Heckman of Cerro Gordo, 111., evangelist, and Sister Cora 
M. Stahly of Nappancc, Ind., music director. We also appreciated the 
help and inspiration which we received from the presence of our neigh- 
boring churches during the meetings. As a result of these meetings 
three additions were made to the church. Bro. Earl Nusbaum preached 
for us on Thanksgiving evening. Wc are trying to increase our Mes- 
senger subscriptions this year. — Floy Bowers, Wakarusa, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Bethany church met in council Dec. 6. Sunday-school oflicers were 
elected with Bro. Robert Ryman, superititendent; Christian Workers' 
president. Sister Harvey Yoder. Before the council two were baptized. 
Bro. Alvin Brightbill of Chicago was with us Dec. 10; he gave a talk 
on tnusic and showed illustrated songs.— Mrs. Bertha B. Weybright, 
Syracuse, Ind., Dec. 29. 

Fairview church met in council Dec. 27. Much interest was taken 
in the work of the evening which included hearing of reports from 
different committees and reorganizing both Sunday-school and church. 
Sister Olive Harshbarger was selected to arrange for the coming of 
the Volunteer Band from North Manchester to our church in the near 
future. It was voted unanimously to continue the Sunday-school of- 
ferings on the first Sunday of each month for mission work. A com- 
mittee was selected to arrange programs for the year. Some time 
was given to consideration and discussion of whether or not we would 
have a baptistry placed in our church; but the matter was postponed 
to a later meeting. On Sunday evening, Dec. 23, the young people 
gave an excellent Christmas program. Dec. 16 the church with a 
member of the District Missionary-Ministerial Board present advanced 
Bro. Albert Harshbarger to the ministry. This is his second year; 
serving as a licensed minister one year and doing excellent work in 
this calling, he is well worthy of this advancement. John W. Root, 
pastor of the church, gave a report of his work: he made 65 visits 
in homes, 76 visits to the sick, 34 calls. The membership, resident and 
non-resident, is 136; resident membership, 113; accessions during the 
year, 19; deaths, 4. The Sunday-school and church treasurers gave 
encouraging reports, having met all local expenses and also district and 
general budgets, with a splendid balance on hand. The Sunday-school 
superintendent is Bro. Lowell Brooks; church clerk, Bro. Clarence 
Idle; treasurer, Jos. E. Fisher; correspondent, Olive Harshbarger; 
trustee, Bro. Henry Guinn; Messenger agent, Jos. E. Fisher. Bro. 
Fisher is a faithful agent and is going to succeed in getting the Mes- 
senger into 75 per cent of the homes of our membership. — Anna E. 
Wagoner, LaFayette, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Foxir Mile (Ind.). — Our Children's Day exercises were held Sunday 
evening, June 24. July 27 was church night; two plays were given. 
Just Like a Woman and A Mock Wedding. Following this came the 
social hour. Four Mile was represented by two delegates at district 
meeting: our pastor, E. R. Fisher, and James Snyder. Aug. 26 Miss 
Blanche Rinehart gave a splendid talk on peace and the way the 
world stands today. Aug. 19 our pastor began a two weeks' revival 
meeting in the Prices Creek congregation, Ohio. Sept. 16 marked the 
one hundredth twenty-fifth anniversary homecoming of this church. 
The program included a history of the Sunday-school by Everett 
Druley and an address, One Hundred Twenty-five Years of Service, by 
A. P. Musselman. In the afternoon a history of the Four Mile Aid 
Society was given by Mrs. Buell E. Crum; Early Ministerial Experi- 
ences, by E. M. Cobb; The Challenge of the Future, by F. E. McCune; 
What the Four Mile Church Has Meant to Me, by various members. 
Oct. 21 the young people's class gave a play. Ordered South. Dec. 9 
Bro. B. F. Summer from India gave the morning address. Dec. 15 
and 16 D. W. Kurtz of Bethany gave us some splendid messages: The 
Three Choices of Youth, Winning the World Through Childhood and 
The Tasks of the Teacher. — Elma Snyder, Camden, Ohio, Dec. 29. 

Pleasant Chapel church met in council Dec. 16. Church officers were 
elected and Bro. Russell Sherman was reelected elder and pastor for 
the coming year. Bro. Sherman presented a plan and the church 
adopted it by which we feel that we can do more for missions in the 
coming year. Six were added to the church by baptism the past year. 
Dec. 23 the primary classes gave a little Christmas program, after 
which Bro. Sherman gave a short talk. At the close of the service a 
collection was taken for world wide missions. — Mrs. Carl Thomas, 
Kendallvillc, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Union Center church had an inspiring revival meeting which closed 
Dec. 16 with Bro. Edw. Stump, evangelist. Seventeen were baptized 
and two were reclaimed. Baptismal services were held on Sunday 
evening. The quarterly council meeting was held on Dec. 21. A men's 
organization was started with Bro. Homer Weldy as chairman. They 
decided to put The Gospel Messenger into seventy-five per cent of 
the homes if at all possible. The primary department gave the 
Christmas program on Sunday evening. On Christmas evening serv- 
ices were held at the church. Bro. Harold Miller, who is attending 
Bethany Biblical Seminary, preached for us. — Cathrine Miller, Waka- 
rusa, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Wakarusa church began evangelistic meetings Oct. 22 which con- 
tinued until Nov. 4 with liro. E. C. Swihart of Elkhart, Ind., in 
charge. He gave us eighteen sermons— powerful, straight to the point 
and convincing. The music was under the direction of Mrs. Paul 
Kendal of Dunlap. Special messages of song were enjoyed from the 
neighboring churches as well as from our own church. As a direct 
result of these meetings one was baptized. Nov. 18 a large group 
under the direction of Virgil Mock from the New Paris church gav« 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


an interesting program. Dec. 2 Ruth Heestand of Nappanee, who 
traveled in Europe during the summer, gave a talk on the churches 
of Europe and the Passion Play. The Sunshine girls of Nappanee gave 
special musical numbers at this service. Dec. 9 a quartet from the 
Elkhart Valley church gave an interesting musical program on the 
Life of Christ. On Christmas eve the children and young people gave 
an enjoyable program. — Rose E. Wise, Wakarusa, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Walnut. — Our homecoming vifas held Oct. 14. Bro. J. W. Lear from 
Chicago gave us three inspiring sermons. Many came to enjoy these 
messages. We were inspired by the fine music rendered by friends 
from near-by churches. On Oct. 25 almost all of our members came 
to the love feast. Our elder, T. G. Weaver, officiated, assisted by our 
pastor, Bro. McGuire. On Nov. 11 Bro. J. S. Alldredge from the 
Anderson church began a two weeks' revival. We were pleasantly 
surprised several evenings by large delegations from Blissville, Ply- 
mouth and Salem churches. We greatly appreciated the musical 
numbers rendered by the different churches. Through these spiritual 
efforts eight persons confessed Christ and were added to the church. 
We held our annual business meeting Dec. 11 for election of church 
officers. The Aid Society prepared a large box of clothing for children 
which was sent to the Hastings Street Mission for a Thanksgiving 
offering. The missionary society gave a very fine program on Dec. 2; 
an ofltering of $12.77 was taken for home missions. Dec. 23 we enjoyed 
a fine Christmas program. An offering of $24.07 was given to world 
wide missions. — Mrs. Ernest Fanning, Argos, Ind., Dec. 31. 


Des Moines Valley church met in council Dec. 27. Our pastor and 
wife. Brother and Sister Ray E. Zook, received a call from the Mc- 
Pherson church, Kans., to take up the pastorate at that place. They 
presented their resignation at this meeting. We regret their going 
away as their work here the past three and a half years was very 
much appreciated. They have done splendid work among the young 
people. This church is in need of a pastor since they will be leaving. 
Dec. 16 the play, What Shall It Profit? was given by the young 
married people's Sunday-school class. Dec. 23 a Christmas program 
was given. The work of the church is moving along very nicely. — 
Mrs. Mary Abuhl, Slater, Iowa, Jan. 1. 

Indiam Creek. — We had a week of splendid meetings previous to our 
fall love feast. These were conducted mostly by ministers from near- 
by congregations, all of whom brought helpful messages. The speak- 
ers were Elders D. W. Wise, S. L. Shenton, O. E. Messamer, Ray E. 
Zook, M. W. Eikenberry and X. L. Coppock. Eld. C. B. Rowe offi- 
ciated at our love feast Oct 15. The B. Y. P. D. had complete charge 
of the morning services Oct. 21. Our Thanksgiving services were held 
Nov. 24. We had a basket dinner at noon and program in the after- 
noon. This was followed by a grocery shower for the pastor and 

family. We have been able to place the Messenger into 75 per cent 
of our homes, the majority being new subscribers. Eld. Fred A. Flora 
of California will conduct a series of meetings for us some time this 
spring. Our Christmas program was given Sunday evening, Dec. 23. 
The Aid meets twice a month for quilting. In connection with this, 
once a month they have a missionary lesson and are now using the 
text. Orientals in American Life. — Eva Reed, Maxwell, Iowa, Jan. 2. 


Buckeye church enjoyed a series of meetings under the direction of 
Bro. Robert L. Sink of Sabetha, Kans., in October. As a direct result 
eight were baptized. The attendance was splendid and Bro. Sink's 
spiritual sermons were greatly appreciated. The Abilene City church 
and our church held their joint love feast on Oct. 29, at the close of 
the evangelistic meetings. Our church was represented at the district 
conference by Pastor Ada Correll. Mrs. Lydia Cartner is the new 
president of the Aid Society. Leta Lenhart was reelected president of 
the Christian Endeavor. Our church was host to the W. C. T. U. 
institute in November at which Mrs. Carrie B. Flatter of Xenia, Ohio, 
was the guest speaker. The young married people's class presented 
the pageant, A White Christmas. We have taken advantage of the 
liberal subscription offer of the Messenger and as a result the paper 
will be read in 75 per cent of the homes represented in our church 
membership. — Mrs. Nellie V. Merkey, Abilene, Kans., Dec. 31. 


Brownsville congregation met in council Oct. 6. Church officers for 
the coming year were elected. The men of the congregation built a 
garage, did some repair work at the parsonage and painted the church 
inside. The Ladies' Aid papered one room at the parsonage and sup- 
plied the paint for the church. Our love feast was held Oct. 27. Bro. 
E. C. Woodie of Geer, Va., officiated at this service and began a revival 
meeting the following day. Bro. Woodie preached nineteen sermons 
and he and the pastor made 103 calls during the two weeks. Five 
were received into the church at the close of this meeting; two have 
been added to the church since that time. A dedication service for 
the parsonage was held Oct. 28. Christmas programs were given at all 
three of the churches in the congregation. — Mrs. S. Earl Mitchell, 
Brownsville, Md., Dec. 31. 

Cumberland church held a series of evangelistic services Nov. 25 to 
Dec. 9. The meeting was conducted by Bro. Chas. O. Beery of Wil- 
liamsburg, Pa., assisted by our pastor, Bro. W. J. Hamilton. Cottage 
prayer meetings were conducted in the homes the week previous. The 
services were well attended and twelve were added to the kingdom 
by baptism; two came by letter and two returned their letters to this 
congregation, making sixteen additions. The love feast and com- 
munion was held on Sunday night, Dec. 9. Visitors from the Hynd- 



Any cliiircli can take advantage of this economical club rate if and 
wlien not less than 75% of the resident Brethren families become sub- 
scribers to the Messenger. Send today for details. 


Please send me details of your special club rate offer on The Gos- 
pel Messenger. I am interested in your economical plan for getting our 
church paper read in at least 75 % of the resident Brethren families of 
our congregation. 


Street or Route 





THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 

man charoh attnidcd. Our Sumi.»\-scluvl is steadily incrtasing, having 
at present an enr^^Ilmcnt of a^prv^ximatcly 150. A free bus was started 
in June mhich has proved quite a help lor tliose in the outlying dis- 
tricts who conld not otlierwise get to church. In addition private 
autos are used for the same purpose, bringing probably thirty-five 
pupils to Sunday-school and church. The young people and children 
put 051 a line Christmas program on Sunday night. Dec. 23.— C. 1-. 
Sr.oeVrst'r. Cumberland, Md.. Jan. 1. 

Maple GJen.— Our attendance in Sunday-school and church was good 
during the year. Our communion was held in June and one member 
came into the church by baptism. Our Vacation Bible School was 
held the early part of June. C. C. Ellis was with us for the home- 
coming on July 22 and gave us two very interesting sermons. During 
the aitentoon the young people of the church gave a play. We held 
our Thanksgiving service Nov. 2S. At our annual council on Dec. SO 
we planned work for the year and also elected officers for the Sunday- 
school.— Mrs. Melda B. McAlister. Grantsvillc. Md., Jan. 3. 


Pofitiac.- Our two weeks' meeting held in November was an inspira- 
tion to all. Our pastor. Sister Mary L. Cook, was in charge. One 
young lady decided to give her life to Christ. Nov. IS our love feast 
was held with Bro. L. H. Prowant in charge, assisted by Bro. L. 
Shaffer. We were very glad that Bro. O. F. Jones, who has been ill, 
was able to take charge when our pastor was at Elsie for a two weeks' 
meeting. We have much to be thankful for; we have our church re- 
decorated inside and the floor painted. The Ladies' Aid bazaar netted 
JMO. The Aid and the superintendent of the Sunday-school gave the 
church tour Fuller brush dusters and brooms. Our Christmas pro- 
gram was well attended. The primary and senior departments gave 
the program, entitled The Search for the Holy Grail. At the council 
Dec 15 church officers were elected for the new year: Bro. L. H. 
Prowant, elder; Bro. E. J. Ebcy. clerk; Sister Ray Fleming, treasurer; 
Sister Ruth Wilsey, correspondent and Messenger agent; Bro. Howard 
Helsel and O. A. Ferguson, trustees. The young people have charge 
of the church bulletin which they arc giving to the church. They 
are to give a play Feb. 2 and 3 for the unemployed of the city. Our 
pastor's address is 50 S. Roselawn Drive. Anyone knowing of members 
moving here or living in Pontiac not now in touch with our church. 
feel free to write her. — Mrs. Ray E. Fleming, Pontiac, Mich.. Jan. 3. 


Worthin^ton church just closed a two weeks' revival conducted by 
Brother and Sister B. M. Rollins of Keyser, W. Va. Bro. Rollins is 
an earnest, forceful speaker and his sermons were full of gospel truth. 
Sister Rollins led the praise service and had a story hour each evening 
for the children. As a direct result of their efforts nine were taken 
into the church by baptism on Dec. 23. During the past year sev- 
eral of our Sunday-school classes have been busy earning funds for 
some needed improvements in and around the church. The three 
young people's classes and B. Y. P. D. purchased a new carpet for 
the rostrum and a fine set of new chairs were donated by our elder 
and wife. Brother and Sister J. Schechter. A new fence was put up 
around the churchyard a short time ago which was a gift from the 
young married folks' class. We are glad to report that the Messen- 
ger will be in seventy-five per cent of the homes of our membership 
during the coming year. — Mrs. H. H. Hanenstein. Reading, Minn., 
Jan. 2. 


Oniah&. — Since our last report, five h.ive been added to our number, 
two by letter and three by baptism. Brother and Sister Rollins were 
with us in October and gave us a splendid meeting. At our recent 
business meeting the finance committee made a report, and although 
they find it hard to meet all bills, we are glad for their spirit of 
optimism. The work is progressing, and the faithful leaders are 
'laying by the ship. Mrs. O. J. Dickey was elected Messenger agent. 
She i.« trying to get our church paper in every home. Bro. L. L. 
Meek was chosen again as our elder for one year. Our women's coun- 
cil has itccTi reorganized. The officers arc: the writer, president; Mrs. 
L. A. Walker, secr'tary. Tlic directors are: Mrs. J. L. Norris, Aid 
Society; Mrs. Tllford Jones, missions; and Mrs. Madge Classman, 
mothers and daughters. A very pretty Christmas program was ren- 
dered by the children and young people. It was a candlelighting serv- 
ice. Thr offering, which amounted to about $14, was given to mis- 
•ionj. We were glad to have Bro. John Kelley of Litchfield, Ncbr., 
with Ui Dec. 16. He brought two inspiring sermons. All the organi- 
zations are doing a splendid work. There seems to be a vei y good 
fature for the Omaha church.— Mr<.. Mettie Caskey, Omaha, Nebr., 
Dec. 28. 


Btmr Creek.— TTie memheri! of the choir in cooperation with the pas- 
tor and hi« wife put on a cantata for the evening Christmas program. 
The childr'-n had a part in the Sunday morning pro^jram. We had a 
program of t^ing and candl' lighting on the last Sunday night of the 
yar. A number from our church attended the young people's confcr- 
rncr of the Southrm B. Y. P. D. organization which was held at the 
Oakland church D»c. 2R-30. Our Aid S'>ciety held a meeting Jan. 2 
and had a memorial for our former president, Mrs. Maudic Filbrtin. 
A committee was appointed to work out our Women's Work.— Maude 
Puterhaugh, Dayton. Ohio. Jan. 3. 

BrIMonixkit. — A» we approach the n-w year and look back upon the 
rl'l 'f V. r find many things for which to give thanks unto our 

heavenly Father. Many of our families arc unemployed except for a 
few hours each week. Yet we have united in one common purpose, to 
do what we can for the advancement of his cause. During the year 
<iur Sunday-school attendance has averaged ninety-one plus. Our 
church worship attendance has been splendid, rind prayer services 
have brought out about thirty on the average each week. The broth- 
erhood had a potato patch this year, expecting to use the proceeds to 
rci>air the old furnace. When the time came to do .so, it was found 
necessary to purchase a new furnace. They canvassed and when they 
had three-fourths of the purchase price on hand they ordered a fur- 
nace. By the time it was installed they had more of the money ready 
and the remainder of it is pledged. Just this week they were engaged 
in redecorating the church audience room. The women's organization 
has been faithful throughout the year: regular meetings, missionary 
programs, paying on the parsonage debt, doing whatever their hands 
found to do. The young people met the challenge to raise their pledge 
to the district B. Y. P. D. project. They are planning for the future. 
One evening the recreation board sponsored a musical program in the 
Presbyterian cliurch house which netted a goodly sum for their work. 
Our boys are doing good work in the city basket ball league. When 
the anniversary of the first year's work tor our pastor, Bro. L. D. 
Young, came, the members antP friends of the congregation went to 
tlie parsonage with a surprise shower for them. Sixty-six enjoyed the 
evening. About a week later when the men dug their potatoes on the 
farm of Brother and Sister J. A. Yoder, in the Stony Creek neigh- 
borhood, the women and children with well filled supper baskets 
gathered in the Yoder home, some sixty partaking of a bountiful meal. 
The willingness to labor together, and to worship together, is perhaps 
the most real thing we have to be thankful for. And our forces are 
being united in looking forward to the coming of Bro. J. C. Inman, 
N. E. Ohio, as evangelist, Jan. 14, in an effort to reach unsaved souls. 
Our love feast will be held Jan. 28 at 8 o'clock. — Leo Lillian Wise. 
Bellefontaine, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Black Swamp church met in council Dec. 21. Sister Ella Kern was 
reelected as leader of our prayer meeting for another year. On Thanks- 
giving Day Bro. Garner gave us a fine sermon on Psa. 107. Dec. 23 
in the evening the young folks and children rendered a program pf 
recitations and readings, vocal and instrumental music. In the morn- 
ing Bro. Garner preached on the Wise and Foolish Virgins. Monday 
evening a New Year party was held at Bro. Garner's, also a prayer 
service and watch meeting. — Mrs. Asenath Baker, Lemoyne, Ohio, 
Jan. 1. 

Columbus Cooperative Brethren church enjoyed a merry Christmas 
season of worship and service. On Sunday morning, Dec. 23, there 
were seventy-four present at Sunday-school and all remained for the 
morning church service. During the morning worship the children 
sang a special Christmas song. The entire congregation enjoyed sing- 
ing together a number of Christmas carols, led by Bro. John M. Stover. 
Onr pastor, Bro. D. R. Murray, preached an appropriate Christmas 
sermon using as the basis for his remarks a large picture of "The 
Group Around the Manger-Cradle" which has been displayed on sign 
boards throughout our city. At the close of the morning service a 
Christmas treat was given to the children. A Christmas program was 
given on Sunday evening. The first part of the program was given 
by the children of the primary department. Then the young people 
in a very fine manner rendered the pageant, "Keep Christ in Christ- 
mas." The church again this year distributed baskets to those in 
need. A young man, a member of our church, gave a gift of money 
which made it possible for the church to buy some clothing for a 
number of our Sunday-school boys and girls. The children of our 
Sunday-school need clothing more than food at present for the relief 
agencies provide food and fuel. We all feel that this Christmas sea- 
son has been a blessed experience in our Christian lives. — Mrs. Orpha 
Murray. Columbus, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

Eagle Creek. — We wish to report eight accessions to the church by 
baptism since the last report. Five of our young people attended 
Camp Mack the past summer. A Bible conference was conducted jn 
our church Dec. 18 to 23 by T. Richard Dunham, of Findlay, Ohio, 
Bible teacher, evangelist, author and publisher. Mr. Dunham is a 
teacher of Bible prophecy and as such sees the vital significance of 
many present day developments. The conference was greatly appreci- 
ated by many in our community. Dec. 26 our regular council meet- 
ing was held. Election of church officers resulted as follows: Elder, 
J. J. Anglemyer; Sunday-school superintendent, Gerald McMillen; as- 
sistant, Clarence Bame; church treasurer, Irvin F'reed; church clerk, 
Grace Decker; Messenger correspondent, Mabel Bibler; Messenger 
agent, Opal Bess Bosserman; trustee, Jake Willike; delegates to dis- 
trict meeting. Cloyee and Hazel Pore; alternates, Marie Rodabaugh 
and Mabel Bibler. We will hold a two weeks' evangelistic service the 
first two weeks in December. 193.'i, with Bro. R. N. Leatherman of 
Colorado, evangelist. A short Christmas program was given' Sunday 
morning, Dec. 23, by our junior department. Our church observed 
universal Bible Sunday Dec. 9 with special responsive readings from 
leaflets sent out by the American Bible .Society and a sermon by our 
pastor. Eld. J. J. Anglemyer. At the last regular meeting of the 
Ladies' Aid officers were elected for the new year, the president being 
Marie Rodabaugh, In our .Sunday-school classes we are starting on 
a new system of lessons, a "through the Bible" study which takes six 
years to complete, three years in the Old Testament and three in the 
New Testament. At the beginning of 1934 we started on a Bible read- 
ing plan, beginning with Genesis. Our pastor then gave us a sermon 
at the Sunday evening service. We have now reached the book of 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 


Haggai. Many of our people have been reading and have been greatly 
blessed by doing so.— Mrs. Mabel Bibler, Arlington, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

Eversole. — At the regular December business meeting church oflScers 
were elected to serve during the coming year. Bro. John H. Root was 
chosen elder. Bro. D. R. McFadden assisted us in a revival service 
during the two weeks preceding Christmas. In addition to splendid 
messages Bro. McFadden gave short helpful talks each evening on the 
doctrines of the Church of the Brethren. Twenty converts were re- 
ceived into the church by baptism. In spite of the many holiday 
activities in the community our services were well attended, both by 
members of the church and of other denominations. Under the direc- 
tion of Mrs. Laurence Erbaugh a chorus has been organized. This 
group sang several times during the revival and they also sponsored 
a caroling party after services on Dec. 23. By the liberal giving of 
food and clothing, many of the needy were cheered and helped at 
the Christmas season. Since Oct. 1 the B. Y. P. D. has had charge of 
the Sunday evening services. Each evening an offering has been given 
to help raise funds to paint the Bethany mission church at Cedar 
Mills. At the December council the young people were made responsi- 
ble for the Sunday night programs for the coming year. — Naomi Er- 
baugh, New Lebanon, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

Olivet. — The installation service for the Sunday-school teachers and 
officers was held Sept. 23. Forty-four children received certificates of 
promotion in the Sunday-school Sept. 30. On Oct. 5 the church gave 
a farewell reception for Bro. Clyde Mulligan and family. Oct 7 was a 
full day: confirmation service for twenty new members and a dedi- 
cation service for four babies in the morning We had communion 
service in the evening with Bro. Wilbur Bantz assisting. Bro. Mulligan 
gave his farewell sermon in the afternoon of Oct 14. In the evening 
Bro. Wilbur Bantz and family were installed into the service of this 
church by Bro. C. H. Deardorfif. Oct. 21 a harvest meeting was 
held. Vegetables, fruits, nuts, canned goods, corn and wheat were 
brought and given to the new pastor and family. Oct. 23 a reception 
was given Bro. Bantz and family. Nov. 26 a number of young people 
gathered at the home of the pastor for a social meeting. The social 
welfare committee put on a peace program Dec. 2. The speakers were 
the superintendent of the Thornville public school and Quincy Leck- 
rone. Dec. 7 the Homemakers' class met at the home of Randolph 
Wilson for a social time. Bro. Bantz entertained the Men's Work 
organization when they had their first social meeting on Dec. 10. 
Dec. 23 the young people gave a one-act play. White Christmas. — Mrs. 
Dessie Winegardner, Thornville, Ohio, Dec. 27. 


New Hop« church met in council Dec. 8. The following officers were 
elected for the ensuing year: Sunday-school superintendent, Mrs. 
Mary Clark; assistant. Warner Bacon; church clerk, I. T. Garst; cor- 
respondent, Mary Emma Morrell; elder and pastor, Bro. A. M. Laugh- 
run. On the following Sunday Bro. Laughrun preached a good sermon. 
It was decided to begin a series of meetings on Dec. 23 to continue 
through the holidays, with a watch meeting on New Year's eve. — 
Mary Emma Morrell, Jonesboro, Tenn., Dec. 26. 


- Oak Grove church met in council Dec. 5. We enjoyed an interesting 
sermon on Christmas Day by Bro. Allen Kinzie of Green Hill. The 
church here has been painted by Bro. Carl Spangler and Bro. M. E. 
Henry. The B. Y. P. D. workers gave baskets to the poor and 
sick on Thanksgiving Day and at Christmas. They have also been 
going to homes of sick members singing for them; they sang Christ- 
mas carols at most of the homes in the community. The Home Build- 
ers' organization has been doing some good work since their organiza- 
tion in October. They have rendered several interesting programs. 
They took Christmas baskets to six homes of poor and sick people and 
in each home gave a short program. We enjoyed a beautiful service 
Sunday evening when Bro. John Showalter ordained Bro. Raymond 
Eller to the ministry. — Eula R. Underwood, Salem, Va., Jan. 2. 


Martinsburg. — Bro. Earl Mitchell, Brownsville, Md., held a most 
successful series of meetings for us in November. Nineteen out of the 
twenty-four converts have been baptized. Dec. 2 we held our love 
feast. On Dec. 23 the children of the Sunday-school presented their 
Christmas program. In the evening the adult department of the 
school rendered a beautiful pageant. Special costuming and the light- 
ing efifect added much to the pageant. The Vanclevesville Christmas 
program on Sunday evening, Dec. 30. was very good and was well 
attended. — Valeria Lightner, Martinsburg, W. Va., Jan. 3. 


Granger. — Our church met in council Dec. 7. Mrs. E. A Bacon was 
chosen president of the Women's Work The men plan to form an or- 
ganization in the near future On Nov 15 we had a father and son 
banquet; the group enjoyed a splendid program. The annual Ladies' 
Aid bazaar and supper was held Nov. 23 which netted $40. The inter- 
est in the church program has greatly increased since the arrival of 
Brother and Sister Rodney Martin from Wenatchee, Wash. They took 
charge of the work on Nov. 1. A prayer fellowship circle has been 
started which meets on Wednesday evening with good attendance. 
Several of our members are planning to attend the ministers and 
leaders' conference in Wenatchee on Dec. 27 and 28. — Mrs. S. A. 
Shockley, Granger, Wash., Dec. 21. 


























Christians Groifir 

When Once They Kno^r 

The New Testament teaching con- 
cerning Christian Stewardship. Every 
Christian who practices New Testa- 
ment Stewardship has joy coining into 
his life. You should know what others 
can tell you about Christian Steward- 

Christian Stewardship Studies 

By C. C. Hawbaker and J. E. Dotterer 

Prepared under the direction of our Men's Stewardship 
Commission. Thirteen studies that unfold the Stewardship 
problem so you will understand and approve and practice 
Stewardship. Paper cover. Part I, 25c. Part II, 25c. 

The Call to Stewardship, $1.25 

By Julius Earl Crawford 

Makes tithing basic to all adequate stewardship. A book 
for pastors, stewardship and finance committees and for 
every Christian. 

Money Talks, $1.25 

By Albert F. McGrath 

Presents the principles and practices which should gov- 
ern the Christian as he secures and handles his money. 

The Christieui Motive and 

Method in Stewardship, $1.00 

By Henry Burton Trimble 

A standard training book which treats Stewardship by 
considering the whole life of the Christian. 

The Christian and 

His Money Problems, $1.50 

By Bert Wilson 

A book for the individual Christian. Excellent for Fi- 
nance Committees and those dealing with the Every Mem- 
ber Canvass. 

Royal Partnership, $1.00 

By M. E. Melvin 

Considers Stewardship in terms of a literal financial part- 
nership with Christ. The business man will prize this book. 

The Stewardship of Life, $1.00 

By Julius Earl Crawford 

A thorough discussion of Christian Stewardship in all its 
phases and relationships from the viewpoint of religious 

Jesus' Teaching on the Use of Money, $1.00 

By Ina C. Brown 

A study of the attitude of Jesus toward money as re- 
vealed in his life, in his teaching and in the assumptions 
on which he acted. 

Life As a Stewardship, 25c 

By Guy L. Morrill 

Five lessons for study groups. For best results Bibles 
should be in hands of each member. Paper cover. 

If you are alive to the question of STEWARD- 
SHIP, here is the material that will cheer you. If 
you are asleep and STEWARDSHIP does not 
trouble you, these books will wake you up and set 
you in the right direction. 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois 










THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 19, 1935 












A b > k ci ."05 shoit prayers, with a Bible verse on Prayer. 


A companion of "God's Minute." Contains 365 Bible 
verses with devotional comments. 

Price of each book: Cloth, 60c; karatol, $1.00; limp art 
leather, $1.50 



Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, IlL T 

.j.4Mi.4. 4.4. . } . .t. . t . ,1. . ♦ , ,1. .t. . | . .h.^:.>^.mh>*h^:-"H>*H'^*H"H^«^ 


Teaching Helps 


Five keen writers present the lesson for Primaries, Juniors, 
Intermediates and Seniors, Young People and Adults. The 
editor gives the general presentation. Splendid articles for 
leaders in Religious Education. Many of our best schools 
provide this magazine for their teachers. 7Sc. 

Follow the Above Study With — 

Tarbell's Teachers' Guide, 

The Lesson CovnTnentary which 
has found a place in so many 
homes for 28 years. This year 
the Guide is better than ever. 
Copious helps for each lesson. 
Many illustrations that help fix 
the teaching. 

Peloubet's Select Note*, 


For 59 years this great lesson 
help has been used by a vast 
number of teachers who have 
found in it the material that has 
helped them to make the lessons 
live in the lives of their classes. 

Torrey's Gist of the Let- 
son, 35c. 

Here is a vest-pocket lesson 
help that i< easily carried, always at hand and wonder- 
fully hi-Ipfnl to Ih'- I,<isy t'-.-irh'-r. 



















Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, IIL^<.^^4..j..j.^4.4.4..5.4.,j.„j.4,^^^„{.^^^^4. 

♦ A 

♦ ? 

♦ A lovely new Sheet Song, supplemented with a Mother 4, 

t Poem hy the kamc title. Sin((Ie copy, 25 cents. T 


4. Walter Miller, Bridgewater, Va. J 




















Yes, this entire column is for the chiliiren, your 
children who like stories — nature and Bible. Help 
them to select what appeals to them most. 

Arthur Scott Bailey. 

These books of animal stories for children from about three 
to eight years of age relate the adventures of four-foot- 

ed creatures that inhabit our 
American forests and fields. 
Children take to these animal 
stories and are always asking 
for "another." The books are 
written in simple language and 
portray the shortcomings of 
these animals in such a man- 
ner that the youngster readily 
Rets the lesson and applies it to 
himself. You will find in this 
series many illustrations of the 
virtue in obedience and the folly 
in disobedience. Each volume 
is bound in cloth, is covered 
with a striking jacket in colors 
and contains 128 pages. If you 
would have your children know 
these animals in a way that 
they will enjoy and remember, 
here are the books that will 
help you in your eflort. 

Titles of Books 

Frisky Squirrel. 
Tommy Fox. 
Fatty Coon. 
Billy Woodchuck. 
Jimmy Rabbit. 
Peter Mink. 
Sandy Chipmunk. 
Brownie Beaver. 
Paddy Muskrat. 
Ferdinand Frog. 
Dickie Deer Mouse. 
Benny Badger. 
Timothy Turtle. 
Major Monkey. 
Grumpy Weasel. 
Grandfather Mole. 
Master Meadow Mouse. 
Nimble Deer. 

LUtie A. F«ri>. 

An unusually fine set of Bible 
Readers, in every way fully up to 
public school readers. Large jjrint, 
good paper, full-page colored illus- 

Book One, 128 pages 80c 

Book Two, 144 pages 90c 

Book Three, 160 pages, 90c 

Book Four, 176 pages, 95c 

Book Five, 192 pages $1.00 

Book Six. 208 pages $UM 


STORY, $2.00 

Mary Stewart. 

Eighteen complete stories told in 
the author's delightful style so 
that the children arc won and held attentive to the very 


Arthur Scott Bailey. 




Colored wrapper and illustra- 
tions drawn by Harry L. Smith. 
A delightful and unusual new se- 
ries of bird stories for boys and 
girls from three to eight years old. 
Bound in cloth. Each 40c. 

Other titles in the series: 
The Tale of Old Mr. Crow.' 
The Tale of Solomon Owl. 
The Tale of Jasper Jay. 
The Tale of Rusty Wren. 

We take pleastire in supplying your family book 







Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 



Elgin, 111., January 26, 1935 

No. 4 



upper picture: village school children from near Anklesvar, India. Lower picture: a class in 

the training school at Anklesvar. Taken together these livo pictures illustrate what can he 

done through Christian education as given in our mission schools 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 


Otho Winfrrr. Chairman. N. Manchfster, Ind. 
J. J. Voder, ViceCli«irman. McPheraon, Kan3. 
H. H. Syt. 16J1 Mifflin St.. Huntingdon, Pa. 
I.<v, iT.irs;. DiC.ascd. 
Lcland S. Brubaker. Covini. Calif. 
J. K. Miller. 22*3 Grand Ave., Cedar Rapids, 

B. F. Sludehakcr. Union, Ohio. 

General SecreJarr. C. D. Bonsack. Elftin, 111. 
Auistant Secretary, H. Spenser Minnich, El- 

(rm. 111 
Home Mission and Ministerial Secretary, 

M. R. ZiRler. Elgin. 111. 
Treasurer, O.vJe M. Culp. Elgin. 111. 


Membership and organization of directors 

same as for General Mission Board. 
Manager and Treasurer, R. E. Arnold, Elgin, 


S«rretary, L. T. Miller, Elgin, 111. 


C S. rkenberry. Ch.Tirman. Daleville. Va. 

L. \V. Shultz, Vice-Chairman, N. Manchester, 

H. K. Ober, Elizabethtown. Pa. 

C. Ernest Davis, 210 N. 16th St.. Independence, 

J. M. Henry. Bridgewater, Va. 

Mrs, L. S. Shively, 2110 W. Jackson. Muncie, 

R. E. Mohler. McPherson, Kans. 
Mrs. R. D. Murphy, 2260 No. Park Ave., 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Executive Secretary, M. R. Zigler, Elgin, III. 
Director of Adult Work, Rufus D. Bowman, 

Washington. D. C. 
Director of Young People's Work, Dan West, 

Elgin. 111. 
Director of Children's Work, Ruth Shriver, 

Elgin, III. 
Editor. E. G. Hoff. Elgin. III. 
Assistant Editor. Maud Newcomer. Elgin. III. 
Assistant Editor. Edith Barnes. Elgin. 111. 


C. C. Ellis, President, Huntingdon, Pa. 

V. F. Schwalm, Vice-President, McPherson, 

J. I. Baugher, Secretary-Treasurer, Herahey, 

H. F. Sanger, Secretary of Nursing and Med- 
ical Education, 821 S. Ridgeland Ave., Oak 
Park, III 

WW. Peters, 906 S. Locust St., Champaign, 

D. W. Kurtz, 3446 Van Buren St., Chicago, III. 

E. C. Bixler, New Windsor, Md. 
Paul H. Bowman. Bridgewater, Va. 
R. W. Schlosser, Elizabethtown, Pa. 
E. M. Studebaker, La Verne, Calif. 
Otho Winger, North Manchester, Ind. 


H. L. Hartsough, Chairman, N. Manchester, 

Paul H. Bowman, Vice-Chairman, Bridge- 
water, Va. 

W. H. Yoder, Treasurer, R. 1, Waterloo, la. 

M. J. Brougher, SS4 Stanton St., Greensburg 

S. J. Miller, 2017 5th St., La Verne. Calif. 

D. W. Kurtz, 3446 Van Buren St., Chicago, HI. 

Home Mission and Ministerial Secretary, 
M. R Zlglrr, ElKin, III. 


H. L Hartsough, Chairman, N. Manchester, 

M. R. Zigler, Secretary, Elgin, 111. 
W. W. Peters, 906 S. Locust St., Champaign. 

H. Spenser Minnich, Elgin, III. 

C. C. Ellis, Moderator of Annual Meeting, 

Huntingd'vn, I'a. 
J. E. Miller, Secretary of Annual Meeting, 

Elgin, 111. 


J. W. I^ar, Chairman, Chicago, III. 

Paul H. Bowman. .Secretary, Bridgewater, Va. 

V. F. Schwalm, McPherson, Kans. 


Chairman, J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kans. 
Vice-chairman, P. H. Bowman, Bridgewater, 

Recording SecreUry, Ruth Shriver, 22 S. State 

St., Elgin, III. 
Treasurer. Qyde M. Culp, Elgin, III. 


Mrs. Ross D. Murphy, President, 2260 N. 
Park Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Mrs. H. L. Hartsough, Aid Societies, N. Man- 
chester, Ind. 

Mrs. J. Z. Gilbert, Mothers and Daughters, 
3.VX) N. GrifTin Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Miss Nora M. Rhodes, Missions, Dallas Cen- 
ter, Iowa. 

Anetta Mow, Secretary-Treasurer, 22 S. State 
St., Elgin, 111. 


R. E. Mohler, Acting President and Executive 
Secretary, McPherson, Kans. 

Clifford Dreshcr, First Vice-President, Mc- 
Pherson, Kans. 

Dr. O. G. Brubaker, Second Vice-President, 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Levi Minnich, Third Vice-President, Green- 
ville, Ohio. 

C. M. Culp, Recording Secretary, and Treas- 
urer, Elgin, III. 

P. G. Stahly, South Bend, Ind. 

G. A. Cassel, Ashland, Ohio. 

L. M. Davenport. Los Angeles, Calif. 

J. K. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

B. F. StauflEer, Rocky Ford, Colo. 
Ross Heminger, Wenatchee, Wash. 
E. G. Bowman, Greensburg, Pa. 

J. N. Via, Roanoke, Va. 

D. M. Sell, Altoona, Pa. 
Elmer M. Hersch. Elgin, III. 
Elmer Leckrone, Ravenna, Mich. 


D. D. Funderburg, President, 2709 W. State 
St.. Rockford, III. 

Ross D. Murphy, Vice-President, 2260 N. Park 
Ave.. Philadelphia, Pa. 

C. G. Hesse, Secretary-Treasurer, 720 Loudon 
Ave., Roanoke, Va. 


E. M. Butterbaugh, 525 E. Indiana Ave., 
South Bend, Ind. 

J. J. Oiler, Waynesboro, Pa. 


E. J. StaufTer, Mulberry Grove, 111. 


M. C. Swigart, 6611 Germantown Ave,, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 


J. W. Lear, 405 S. Trumbull Ave., Chicago, 



Supported m whole or in part by funds ad- 
ministered by the General Mission Board with 
the year they entered service. 

Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our 
foreign missionaries is 5c for each ounce or 
fraction thereof and 3c for each additional 
ounce or fraction. 


Graybill, J. F., and Alice, Spangatan 38, 
Malmo, Sweden, 1911. 

On Furlough 

Norris. Glen E., and Lois, 3435 Van Buren St., 
Chicago, 111., 1929. 


Liao Chow, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, 1911. 

Oberholtzer, I. E., and Elizabeth, 1916. 

Sollenbcrger, O. C, and Hazel, 1919. 

Ping Ting Chow, Shansl, China 

Bright, J. Homer, and Minnie, 1911. 

Jkcnbcrry, E. L., and Olivia, 1922. 

Crumpacker, F. H., and Anna, 1908. 

Horning, Emma, 1908. 

Parker, Dr. D. M., and Martha, 1933. 

SchaefTer, Mary, 1917. 

Wertz, Corda L., 1932. 

Show Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper, V. Grace, 1917. 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924. 
Smith, W. Harlan, and Frances, 1919. 

Tal Yuan Fu, Shansi, China 

Myeri, Minor M., and Sara, 1919. 
Shock, Laura, 1916. 

Tsinchou, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Ernest M., 1918, and Elizabeth, 1922. 
On Furlough 

Metzger, Minerva, Rossville, Ind., 1910. 

Pollock, Myrtle, iAS2 W. Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111., 1917. 

Scnger, Nettie M., So. English, Iowa, % W. 
H. Brower, 1916. 

Garkida, Nigeria, West Africa, via Joa 

Bcahm, Wm. M., and Esther, 1924. 

Bittinger, Desmond, and Irene Frantz, 1930, 

Harper, Clara, 1926. 

Schcchter, Elnora, 1929. 

Studebaker, Dr. Lloyd R., and Modena, 1934. 

Lassa, via Maiduguri, Nigeria, West Africa 
Burke, Dr. Homer L., and Marguerite, 1923. 
Horn, Evelyn J., 1930. 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922, and Christina, 1927. 

Marama, via Damatura, Nigeria, West Africa 

Heckman, Clarence C, and Lucile, 1924, 
Utz. Ruth. 1930. 

Minna, Nigeria, B. W. Africa 
Helser, Albert D., and Lola, 1922 and 1923. 

On Furlough 

Bosler, Dr. Howard A., and Edith, 11 Fon- 

tainebleau Drive, New Orleans, La., 1931. 
Inman, Dorothy M., 1933, 509 S. Wall St, 

Covington, Ohio. 
Moyer, Edna Faye, Bancroft Hall, Apt. 402, 

509 W. 12l3t St., New York City, 1931. 
Royer. Harold A., and Gladys S., 

2210 Lincoln Way, Ames, Iowa, 1930. 


Ahwa, Dangs, Surat Dist., India 

Bollinger, Amsey, and Florence M., 1930. 
Royer. B. Mary, 1913. 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Lichty. D. J., 1902, and Atina, 1912. 
Moomaw, I. W.. and Mabel, 1923. 
Shickel. Elsie N.. 1921. 
Warstler. Anna M., 1931. 

BuUar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell. Dr. A. R., and Laura, 1913. 
Glessner. Ruth Lucille, 1931. 
Mow, Baxter M., and Anna B., 1923. 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910. 

Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., India 

Messer, Hazel E., 1931. 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 1915. 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916. 

Jalalpor, Surat District, India 

Miller. Sadie J., 1903. 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Shull, Chalmer, and Mary, 1919, 

Robinson Memorial, Byculla, Bombay, India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A., and Mary, 1920. 
Umalla, Broach Dist., India 

Miller, Arthur S. B., 1919, and Mae W., 1921 
Miller, Eliza B., 1900. 

Vyara via Surat, India 

Blough, J. M., and Anna, 1903. 

Widdowson, Olive, 1912. 

Ziegler, Edward K., and Ilda, 1931. 

Woodstock School, Landour, Mussooria, U. 
P., India 

Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919. 
Stoni-r, Susan L., 1927. 
Ziegler, Emma K., 1930. 

On Furlough 

Alley, Howard L., and Hattie, Bridgewater, 

Va., 1917. 

Brooks, Harlan J., and Ruth, 2278 5th St., La 
Verne, Calif., 1924. 

Brumbaugh, Anna B., Hartville, Ohio, 1919. 

Ebbert, Ella, 1310 West D St., OnUrio, Calif., 

Orisso, Lillian, % General Mission Board, El- 
Kin, III., 1917. 

Mow, Anetta, care of General Mission Board, 
Elgin, 111., 1917. 




H. A. BRANDT— ^ssis/an« Editor 

Vol. 84 

Elgin, 111.. January 26, 1935 

No. 4 


Fortieth Anniversary of Brethren Mission in India 

In celebrating forty years of Brethren mission work in India, it is but fitting that the annual India number of the 
MESSENGER should be given over to articles appropriate to the occasion. We trust our readers will appreciate the well- 
written and informing contributions made by a number of our busy but obliging colleagues on the field. 

Our genial Board Secretary, Bro. C. D. Bonsack, began the celebration a bit prematurely by contributing a most 
excellent introduction to last year's India number, assuming thai the time was ripe. His contribution deserves republish- 
ing and a second reading, and it will appear the mom intelligible as it introduces this year's number. 

From the perusal of these articles, we hope our readers will feel well repaid for their support of the work in the past 
and that they may be encouraged to give appropriate and opportune assistance in the future. — D. J. LICHTY. 

Forty years ago Wilbur and Mary Stover and Ber- 
tha Ryan Shirk set foot on Indian soil to launch a mis- 
sion work that has since been a great challenge, blessing 
and responsibility of the Church of the Brethren in 
America. Would it not be fitting to take stock of the 
costs and gains in connection with this great adventure ? 
Our work in India has been a mission of love. And 
love ministrations do not lend themselves too well to 
critical analysis. What mothers do for their children 
seems to defy ordinary procedure in accounting costs 
and net gains. And yet at the end of these forty years 
we can make some estimate of costs and attainments. 

The costs of our India work may be measured in hu- 
man and financial terms. The church by process of 
very careful selection has sent 100 choice sons and 
daughters to service in India. Thirty-eight of these are 
now active on the field. Six are on furlough, trusting 
that funds will be contributed thus enabling them to re- 
turn. Fifteen have been called to the land beyond, some 
prematurely because they poured out their life sacri- 
ficially for the cause. Forty-five have been detained in 
America permanently on account of health or other rea- 
son preventing continuance in the work. The total 
number of years by all of the missionaries put into the 
four decades rises to the rather stupendous figure 1,158. 

The average number of years per missionary in service 
has been eleven and one-half. 

The tabulation of these figures is simple as compared 
with a registration of the empty chairs and vacant places 
in the family circles in America. Many a mother has 
silently but bravely brushed aside the unbidden tears 
because of the lonesomeness which comes when a lov- 
ing daughter or son could not be near at hand. Home 
churches have seen some of their choicest workers leave 
in order to serve India. Hours and hours have been 

•Note; The figures in this article are based on the data at hand in 
January, 1934. 

Three Christian women. Reader's right: Shanti Dinkar; 
center, Jamnabai; left, Wahneta Copal 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, General Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, 111., 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin. 111., as Second-class Matter, 
at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 20, 1918. 

at $2.00 per annum, in 
Acceptance for mailing 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 

sjXMit in prayer bv canicst souls at the home base plead- 
ing for the success of the enterprise abroad. Perhaps 
our readers can. out of their own experience, compile 
still further social and spiritual costs. 

Financially, we have spent $2.6^^3. 7,>1 in India dur- 
ing these forty years. This means the Church of the 
Brethren has spent about 40 cents per capita annually. 
or each of us has about S16 invested in India. When 
we think of what this means to India and the blessings 
brought to them and us. most of us will wish that more 
of it had been so well spent ! The amount grew annual- 
ly until it reached the peak in 1927 with an expenditure 
of $17v\051. In six years this was reduced to about 
one-third, or $59,364 for last year. 

Certainly no one would claim that a work so new, in- 
voh-ing so much about which we knew so little, was free 
from mistakes. These of course occurred. But much 
that would seem to have been error is now evidence 
that changes have taken place. During the past year 
the work was maintained at a financial cost of one-third 
that of the year of highest expenditures. In the earlier 
years there were no trained native Christians to bear 
the burden. There were no buildings nor equipment. 
Now the new Indian Christians are more mature and 
are increasing in ability to carry the work. , 

Some Results 

It is difficult to measure the results of such a service. 
Much of the cost being given in love was really reward 
in itself. Like the joy in a mother's heart as she watch- 
es her child grow ! Of course, there are the more than 
5,000 church members, the nineteen congregations, an 
increasing number of Christian leaders who would bless 
any country. There are Christian hpmes where love, 
hope, music, faith and Christ greet her newborn gen- 
erations. And there are nearly 4,000 more under def- 
inite Christian instruction besides the church members. 
The hospitals have touched with health and healing tens 
of thousands. Thousands read that otherwise would 
not. The Bible and good Christian literature have been 
made available. These and many more visible results 
are evident. 

But perhajjs the greater results are the invisible and 
most difficult to describe. While in no true sense is 
any nation Christian, yet where the message of Christ 
has come and the altars to the Living God are main- 
tained, there come so much enrichment of sympathy, 
fellowship, concern for human life and welfare, cul- 
ture and progress, that one .symj»athizes with the error 
of thinking them Christian, when they are only rejoic- 
ing in the first glow of God's love. While Inrlia has 
much in her life from which we shall i)rofit, yet the 
f>enetrating light of the gospel is awakening her resourc- 
es and warming her heart for the kingdom glory that 
is yet to l>c. The church in her midst will bring these 

things to fruition under the leadership of her own sons 
and daughters. Rut God has used and will continue to 
bless every word spoken, every medical attention, every 
school, literature, visit and friendship shown in Christ's 
name. Radiant and contagious Christian lives have 
changed India more than we know. 

There are results at home, too, as a consequence of 
this pioneer venture. Our horizons were enlarged as a 
church. Forty years ago missions became a challenge 
to our young people. Christ and the church facing this 
world need awakened their interest. Our schools multi- 
jilied in this period. Youth wanted to help and pre- 
pared for it. We became more interested in the home 
needs. Revival and evangelistic meetings were held in 
every congregation. We began to discover that the 
Christ whom we followed as Savior and Lord had giv- 
en his life for human need. This was a most healthful 
stimulus to the church. May God grant that we shall 
not lose this vision of our fathers ; neither use it for li- 
cense or neglect of the work at home or anywhere in 
the world where our limited means will permit us to 
serve. c. d. b. 

Unforgettable Incidents 


What missionary could forget the pundit at whose 
feet he sat for several years (especially in the early 
days when there were no language schools) learning 
the India language? Mine was Khandubhai Desai, the 
then Assistant Principal of the Anglo- Vernacular 
School for Boys in Bulsar. He was a high caste Hindu 
uninfluenced by foreign contact of any sort. He was 
addicted to the habit of chewing pan (name of a nut), 
the red juice of which besmeared his mouth and teeth 
and often left stains on his clothes. Naturally, he was 
nervous in the presence of the foreigner; but this wore 
off as the days went by. I can see him yet sitting cross- 
legged on a chair, snapping his fingers and wiggling his 
knees as he tried to haVe his student repeat in Gujarati 
the lesson just read. This he insisted in doing every 
day and it was some job to remember and to speak this 
new tongue. For some reason or other, one day when 
perhaps the student talked more English than neces- 
sary he said : " I want you to know I am here to teach 
you Gujarati, and not you to teach me English." 

In a missionary's career there are various ways in 
which lingual expressions, and especially the India prov- 
erbs and idioms, are impressed upon the mind. When 
the foreigner is able to weave the idioms and proverbs 
into his speaking he is supposed to have made some 
])rogress toward the goal of speaking like an Indian. 
Here are several never forgotten sayings: (1) The 
merits and demerits of certain candidates for school 
IKjsitions were being discussed. Each in turn was 
asked his ojjinion. When it came to the turn of one 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 

man he said, " Who would call his own mother a 
-witch ?" This meant that he could not speak disparag- 
ingly of one who was his relative. The candidate hap- 
pened to be such. (2) This same man, once when ar- 
guing that certain rights were due him along certain 
lines, and being unsuccessful in getting all he desired 
said, " It's better to have a one-eyed uncle than to have 
none at all." This meant that half a loaf is better than 
no bread. (3) A certain villager had a fair daughter 
about whose marriage he often sought the advice of 
interested missionaries and India workers. Sometimes 
he went away in good spirits and sometimes very much 
out of the notion of ever giving the young lady to any- 
one. One day after an oft-repeated visit in which he 
did not get the advice desired he went away mumbling, 
" The Miss Sahib and Chaganlal are both gourds from 
the same vine," which meant, " Direct a man against 
his will he is of the same opinion still." 

This same man after many delays finally had this fair 
daughter released from her childhood betrothal and 
consented to her engagement to a Christian young man 
who had long sought her hand. The engagement was 
made and the wedding day set with the consent of the 
father. On the wedding day the guests assembled and 
the time for the ceremony came ; then the double- 
minded father balked, saying, " My daughter is to be 
married at the hand of a missionary and not the India 
pastor." It took an hour to convince him, while the 
audience of Christians, Mohammedans, Hindus — kin- 
dred and friends, waited for the signal to proceed. 
Then he went in with his friends and sat like a Sphinx 
through the ceremony while the others held their breath 
lest he might still inject something into the proceedings 
to check them. 

One evening at nine o'clock, the teacher from 
the Bhat School came tripping up the front steps 
of the Jalalpor Mission House accompanied by a young 
fisherman from his village by the seaside. The faces of 
both were radiant, giving evidence of some new found 
joy. " What's up now," was asked, for there was al- 
ways something new happening at Bhat in those days. 
The reply was: " Bhudia has come to be baptized. 
He made up his mind this very day ; so that is why we 
are here." " Very well, that is fine," was the reply. " In 
the morning the matter will receive attention." At 
once the applicant spoke up, " No, not tomorrow. It 
must be within the next hour, for I am going back on 
the next train." Arrangements for baptism were made 
at once. The little company descended the steps of the 
Mission House in front of which was a circular tank 
full of water, under a vine-clad lattice covering. 
Through the lattice and vines the moonbeams shown 
on the clear water, out of a cloudless sky. There in the 
atmosphere of sweet perfume and quietness Bhudia 
took off his fisher coat, stepped into the water, and 

made his vow that sent him out to become a modern 
fisher of men. 

In 1905 when Bro. D. L. Miller made one of 
his tours in India," the Dang State was being opened for 
mission work. One of the senior missionaries had vol- 
unteered to go there to direct the work. Whether this 
would be a suitable place for residence and how the 
Christian worker sent there was getting on was the rea- 
son for Bro. Miller and two missionaries taking the 
trip. It was a good two days' journey in those days, 
over rough roads for most of the way. The first day 
took the travelers to Bansda, the capital of one of the 
native states where arrangements were made for lodg- 
ing in the state travelers' bungalow, and where an audi- 
ence with the king was arranged. At the end of the 
second day the party reached Ahwa. Bro. Miller, being 
unable to walk any, was forced to keep himself seated 
in the shigrani (a two-wheeled vehicle drawn by oxen) 
while the other two members of the party took turns 
walking when the load seemed too heavy and the roads 
bad. On arrival at Ahwa it was discovered that Bro. 
Miller had worn quite a large hole in the seat of his 
black serge trousers, the only pair he had with him. 
What to do? He was to visit the chief officer of the 
state the next morning. A worsted crazy quilt in the bed- 
ding was pulled out and a black serge patch cut out to 
mend the lamentable trousers while the bishop went for 
a nap. The quilt was mended later. 

The first wedding among the orphan children was 
that of Somabhai and Suriben, now Somchand and 
Surajbai. This was in 1903. If you wish to see their 
pictures as they were then, look in the Missionary Vis- 
itor of August, 1904, p. 335. They are grey headed 
grandparents now. They have lived together very happi- 
ly and have one daughter and three sons to grace their 
home. Both parents' names begin with S ; so when 
the children began coming the family decided to give 
each child a name beginning with S. In the family the 
children are Solomon, Sarah, Samson and Saul. 

An unsuccessful attempt was being made to drive a 
big tree lizard from a beautiful vine over the front gate 
when the old witch doctor from the opposite side 
walked up and asked, " What are you trying to do ?" 
One stone after the other had been thrown without re- 
sults. The old man saw what the trouble was. He 
reached down and picked up a handful of pebbles and 
threw them and they flew all over the place and of 
course drove the lizard down. It was a lesson to me 
of how, in many ways, the wisdom of even the humblest 
of Indians may be better than that of the foreigner. 

In 1907, when we were returning to India from our 
first furlough, the good ship Hamburg of the American- 
German Line was chosen for our passage from New 
York to Naples, Italy. The day of sailing found Mr. 
and Mrs. A. Ebey, Kathryn Ziegler, Ida Himmels- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 

baugli. tlirec Arabian missionaries and two Scandi- 
navian missionaries among those ready to go to the end 
of the earth. Friends and kindred had accompanied 
their res^X'ctive groups to the ship to bid them farewell 
and see tliem olT. Before the signal " all ashore " was 
raised. Bro. J. Kurtz Miller, then pastor of the Brooklyn 
church, letl us all out to the deck at the stern, asked us 
all to join hands and sing together " Blest Be the Tie 
That Binds." After this he led us in a beautiful prayer, 
and commended us all to the " Ruler of Wind and 
Wave.'" Perhaps it was that song and that prayer that 
saved us from shipwreck in the Mediterranean Sea, in 
the same waters in which Paul was shipwrecked ; for 
we were in one of the very worst of storms all the way 
from Messina to Port Said. 
L'inallo. Broocli District. India. 

What the Indian Church Is Doing 


It affords me great pleasure to w'rite a short note 
about the work of the Church of the Brethren in India, 
forty years after the mission was founded. The first 
church was organized at Bulsar in the year 1899. At 
first, owing to many difficulties and hindrances, progress 
was slow. But we thank God that he was with his 
people so that the church grew and his kingdom en- 
larged. Today we have altogether six churches in the 
towns and nine in the villages of the First District, 
Gujarati. and four churches in the Second District, 
Marathi. The total membership is five thousand and 
two hundred. 

The Indian church is greatly indebted to the Brethren 
in America for starting and supporting a mission in 
India. Without your prayers and sacrifice our churches 
never could have been born. We can never repay you 
for your generous help. God alone can reward you. 

Xow you will be interested to know what part the 
church ha.s been taking in self-improvement and in 
helping to extend the kingdom during these forty years. 
From the very beginning, the church has assumed some 
of the miscellaneous expenditures, such as expenses for 
Sunday-schools and love feasts, contributions to Bible 
and Tract Societies, as well as expenses for the equip- 
ment and repair of church property. At the .same time 
the church has worked to foster the spirit of giving and 
of volunteer service in the hearts of the members. 
Without doubt, the church is going forward in this mat- 
ter year by year. 

In 1908 the First District of India decided to start a 
mission of its own in Rhuda in South Rajpipla .State 
with funds contributed entirely by the churches. Un- 
der the management of the District Mission Board, 
evangelistic and village school work was carried on for 
fully twenty years. I^art of the time, a small boys' 

boarding school was in existence. Today there are about 
sixty Christians residing in five villages of that section. 
In 1^28 when the mission turned the management of 
the evangelistic work over to the India church, the 
work at Ivhuda was placed under the care of the An- 
klesvar church and the contributions of the churches 
to this mission were diverted to the evangelistic work of 
the local congregations. 

About ten years ago. in a joint conference of mis- 
sionary and Indian workers, in a discussion of how to 
make the church self-supporting, it was decided that 
every congregation should be encouraged to support its 
own pastor. According to the plan at that time adopted, 
two churches were found ready to give part support to 
their pastors. After eight or nine years' trial, it was 
found that the method was not succeeding. This be- 
catne a matter of deep concern to the elders of the dis- 
trict. A constitution for the operation of a common 
pastors' fund was presented to the 1933 District Meet- 
ing and passed. There will be a fund to which all the 
churches make an annual contribution. We believe it 
will make for church unity and result in the stronger 
churches helping those that are poor and weak. Un- ■ 
der God's blessings, we believe that in due time all our 
churches will become self-supporting. We ask the sym- 
pathetic prayers of our readers for the success of this 

On account of the eleven per cent cut in American 
contributions to our evangelistic work for the current : 
year, the District Meeting Workers' Committee is ask- 
ing a contribution of rupees 1,730 (about $575) from 
the Pastors' Fund so that our evangelistic workers may 
get their full support for the year. 

The Indian church, though poor in money, is active 
in the spread of the gospel. Each church yearly sets 
apart a week for special evangelistic work. Men, wom- , 
en, boys and girls go about from village to village sing- 
ing gospel songs, distributing Christian literature, tell- 
ing the story of salvation and giving personal testimony 
of what Christ has done for them. Last winter the 
teacher and Christians of a certain village walked eight 
or nine miks one evening to assist the missionary camp- 
ing in another village. Often the village Christians as- 
sume the incidental expenses when the missionaries 
camp in their villages and move the tents and camp out- 
fit to the next village. Thus by various means these 
]joor people are more and more taking a hand in the 

In 1925, a joint conference of Indians and mission- 
aries drew up a plan for turning the management of the 
mission work over to the church. The mission confer- 
ence, in con.sideration of the same, decided that " it is 
the desire of the mission that all work shall ultimately 
and as far and fast as possible, be transferred to and 
be carried on by the church through the local congre- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 

A baptismal scene near Anklesvar, India 

gations, directed by District Meeting. As a first step 
to this end, the mission now invites the Indian church 
to assume responsibihty for the evangeHstic work, in- 
cluding the village schools." The First District of In- 
dia accepted this responsibility in 1927 and the Second 
District several years later. One by one all the church- 
es fell in with the idea and have been endeavoring to 
make it succeed. In spite of hard times in India and a 
diminishing support from America, our evangelistic 
work, by God's help, has been getting on quite well. 

There is a growing consciousness on the part of the 
church that it ought to assume more and more of the 
work of the kingdom. Only in a spirit of faith, hope 
and helpfulness can this be done. In order for- devo- 
lution to be workable in the fullest sense, the indigenous 
church feels that it needs to take over the obligations 
for which the mission has had to be responsible in the 
past. It is only fitting that the mission should decrease 
and the church increase. We are the children of the 
mission, and true, the children will stumble and make 
mistakes, but with continued encouragement and by 
God's grace, they will rise up and carry on. 

Until five years ago, Bulsar and Vali were the only 
two places with church buildings. Prayer meetings and 
Sunday services were held in private homes, school 
buildings or other available places. But this proved un- 
satisfactory. The poor people began to save money for 
church buildings. Their funds were supplemented by 
liberal help from the churches in America. Four 
churches were recently built : Anklesvar, Khergam, 
Vyara and Ahwa. These churches are all commodi- 
ous and substantial buildings. Some of the village 
churches have built temporary houses of worship by 
their own labor and expense. 

In the village of Andada, the Christians got a gov- 
ernment piece of land infested with prickly pear. They 
cleared and leveled it oflF and put up a tile roofed 
church. Their Hindoo and Mohammedan neighbors 

seeing their zeal, contributed some of the bricks and 
helped to haul the building material. 

The Indian church can never repay the good people of 
America for their prayers and support given during 
these forty years. She hopes, however, to so work and 
carry on that they will not regret the sacrifices they have 
made. God grant that she may give as freely as she 
has received and be a great blessing to our motherland 
in her great need. 

Anklesvar, India. 

Development in Inter-Mission Relationships 


All around the world constant changes are taking 
place. And in order to meet these changing conditions, 
the Christian churches of India are altering some of 
their methods of work and some of their attitudes, as 
well. Every day and generation demands its changes. 

In the early days of mission work in India, the dif- 
ferences existing between various denominations on the 
home base hindered the fullest cooperation between 
missions in India. However, on the field, the trend has 
always been toward cooperation and unity. Realizing 
that all were working with the same aim and knowing 
that all had the same purpose, missions have to a very 
large degree done away with rivalries among them- 
selves. There may be a small list of missions which 
have not always attained to this high standard, yet the 
records show that missions have worked together in 
harmony and lived up to the spirit of the " genleman's 
agreement," which is known as mission comity. By this 
common agreement, territory has been divided between 
the different groups and the finest kind of cooperation 
and unity is manifested one toward another. It seems 
the earnest prayer of our Savior, recorded in John 17, 
is being answered : " I pray that they may all be one." 

Here in Gujarat, the progress of Christian goodwill 
and cooperation has been commendable. In this our 
readers will rejoice with us. I wish to mention some 
of the ways by which Christian unity is being pro- 
moted in our province. 

1. The Gujarat Missionary Conference meets once a 
year to promote Christian fellowship, mutual encour- 
agement and to discuss the problems which are common 
to all the missions represented. 

2. The Gujarat Christian Sanmelan is an organiza- 
tion with representatives from most of the churches 
of the province. It is deeply interested in the deepen- 
ing of the spiritual life and general uplift of the Chris- 
tian community of the province. It also deals with the 
problems of unity, evangelism and marriage. 

3. The Sunday-schools of Gujarat are associated 
with the All India Sunday School Union ; they have 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 

united in preparing Sunday-scliool helps of tlieir own. 
For the past five years tliese have heen ably edited by 
Rev. Geo. Wilson of the Irish Presbyterian Mission. 

4. In order to promote and faeilitate common wor- 
ship a united hymnal is being prepared. 

5. Until last vear every mission was publishing its 
own church paper. Now there is but one for all. bear- 
ing monthly news of all. along with suitable articles for 
the readers. Our own beloved Eld. J. M. Blough is 
editing this periodical to the satisfaction of us all. 

6. The Gujarat Book and Tract Society was original- 
ly operated and managed by the Irish Presbyterian Mis- 
sion. Now for some years it has been operated as an 
inter-mission and inter-church project. Under the 
publishing committee of this society, Elder Blough is 
serving as literary editor. 

7. The British and Foreign Bible Society is a great 
boon to the Christian forces of India. All the missions 
of India cooperate in its support. The society has al- 
ways depended on missionaries and able India Chris- 
tians for the translating and the revision of the Bible 
in the many languages of this great land. The Gujarati 
Bible is at the present time undergoing revision by 
such a committee of Gujarati Indians and missionaries. 

8. Through the Bombay Regional Christian Council, 
all the missions and churches of our province are con- 
nected with the National Christian Council of all India, 
Burmah and Ceylon in a common effort to understand 
each other's work and problems and be mutually help- 
ful in solving them. 

Thus the churches of our province have become 
united more and more under the banner of our Lord 
for the salvation of men and for the establishment of 
his kingdom. We hope the day may soon come when 
all unnecessary barriers may be removed so that we may 
show to the non-Christians that we are one in Christ, 
and so that the Lord's work may be done in a more effi- 
cient and economical manner. 

Bulsar, India. 

Religious Elducation 


It is quite unnecessary to present the need for re- 
ligious education. If it is necessary to emphasize re- 
ligious instruction in a land like America, how much 
more so in mission lands where people have not been 
trained in Christian truth ! The " teaching " program 
of Christian missions is a most important one. There 
must Ije teaching before baptism, and there must be 
teaching after baptism, even as Jesus commanded, 
" teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have 
commanded you." There must be teaching continually, 
for with people of non-Christian inheritance it is indeed 
" line upon line " and " precept u]Kjn precept." And 

blessed is that Christian worker who does not grow 
weary in teaching ! 

Now let us consider briefly the various methods 
which have been employed in carrying on the teaching 
program in the India mission. 

1. Sunday-schools. Great credit must be given to 
the Sunday-school, for from the beginning, continually 
and everywhere, emphasis has been put upon Sunday- 
school teaching. For the last twenty-eight years we 
have had an annual examination on the Sunday-school 
lessons conducted by the India Sunday-school Union; 
this brought added interest to the work of the Sunday- 
school and made the children eager to learn the lessons 
well. Some medals and many New Testaments and 
Bibles have been won as prizes by the children through 
the years. But the old folks come to Sunday-school as 
well as the children. It is the purpose to bring the 
entire church into the Sunday-school, and rnany old 
folks who can not write have taken part orally in the 
annual examination. Bro. Emmert was our first Sun- 
day-school District Secretary and he set a good pace for 
all who followed. Our present number of Sunday- 
schools is 125 and the entire enrollment is 4,947. Think 
of so many persons assembling Sunday by Sunday for 
instruction in God's Word I This is certainly not to be 

2. Week Day Schools. In all of the week-day schools 
conducted by the mission it is the practice to give a 
Bible lesson every day according to the adopted course. 
This began in the early days with the 400 children who 
were received into the three orphanages, and is carried 
on in all of the boarding schools and village schools at 
all the stations. In this must be included the night 
schools as well, for they also meet daily. They meet 
in the evening when the older people, who must work 
during the day, can attend. These night schools have 
been a great asset in the evangelistic work, for many of 
the village applicants for baptism have received their 
instruction in these night schools. During the last year 
3,785 persons received Bible instruction in these day 
and night schools. 

3. Training Schools. In our training schools, of 
course, Bible instruction is an important part of the 
curriculum. At Anklesvar is the Vocational Training 
School for boys in which altogether 115 boys have 
been trained ; and the Practical Arts School for girls in 
which 108 girls have been trained for home and village 
life. Jn the training schools are also included our twO' 
Bible Schools. From our Gujarati Bible School four 
classes have been graduated, a total of 41 men and 13 
women. The j)resent class consists of 13 men. 32 stu- 
dents have studied in the Marathi Bible School. 

4. Institutes and Camps. It has been the practice 
for many years to hold a short institute annually for all 
mission workers at the various stations, and of course 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26. 1935 

Bible teaching is the main part of these programs. 
These are very valuable as a means of inspiration to the 
workers and also to advance their Bible knowledge. 
We are glad to report that during the last year two 
camps were held for the young people as in America — 
one at Anklesvar and one at Vyara. These supply a 
great need, especially for the young people who are no 
longer in school. 

5. Touring Parties. During the winter and spring 
months of every year missionaries and Indians tour the 
villages surrounding our mission stations and aim to 
hold meetings and Bible classes especially for Chris- 
tians and candidates for baptism. While they are not 
able to spend very many days at any one place, yet it is 
a time of religious instruction and inspiration which 
means much in the building up of the small and scat- 
tered Christian communities. These parties also go 
into new and unoccupied villages and preach the gos- 
pel so that thousands of unevangelized people hear the 
message every year. 'Singing bands and gospel teams 
which tour the villages have been instrumental in bring- 
ing many people to Christ. 

Vyara, via Surat, India. 

Christian Schools and Their Message to Youth 


Every ten years, India counts her sons and daugh- 
ters. From the crowded cities to the millions of little 
homes scattered across the plains or jungles all must b. 
counted. With this taking of the census there is ac- 
cumulated a rich fund of other information, as to birth 
and death rates, occupations, education and trade. 
Those interested in education watch anxiously for any 
increase of literacy. The test for literacy is the ability 
to read and answer a letter. 

During the decade from 1921-31 a special effort was 
made to extend education. When the 1931 Census re- 
turns became available it was hoped that there would be 
a noticeable increase in the percentage of literacy, but 
there was no increase over the 1921 record of approxi- 
mately ten per cent. The increase in the number of 
schools and classes was only enough to care for the 
normal increase of population. 

Turning to the Christian community the result is 
more encouraging. In some of the older areas where 
the Christian church is 400 to 500 years old, we find 
literacy as high as 75%. For the country at large, 28% 
of the Christians are literate. When we consider that 
these Christians have risen largely from the underprivi- 
leged groups, these figures become strongly significant. 
Many missions and churches, like our own, are still 
young. Education could not make wide progress until 
a group of teachers could be adequately trained. 

In government schools there has been a close dupli- 

Vocat tonal 
training school 
students dispens- 
ing homemade 
remedies. The 
cover page pic- 
tures also illus- 
trate this article. 

cation of European secular education. This was pro- 
vided for in 1813 when the East India Company was 
authorized to devote a sum of money to " the revival 
and improvement of literature in India."* Again in 
1835 from the same company we find " His Lordship 
in council is of the opinion that the great object of the 
British government ought to be the promotion of Eu- 
ropean literature and science among the natives of In- 
dia." The content of the secular education thus 
brought in was of necessity academic and impersonal 
in its outlook. Only the sons and a few daughters of 
the favored classes took advantage of it. None would 
deny, however, that great material benefit has accrued 
from such an extension of literature and scientific 

When India's doors were opened to world trade, hun- 
dreds of clerks were needed for government and trad- 
ing posts. The mercenary concept of education soon 
emerged. Hope of securing a salaried post lured thou- 
sands of students into schools and colleges. It is now 
estimated that there are over thirty thousand unem- 
ployed graduates in Calcutta alone. f A peasantry nine- 
ty per cent untaught at the foot of the educational lad- 
der and thousands of unemployed graduates vying with 
each other at the top of the ladder presents a confusing 
paradox indeed. Many are in despair and feel that edu- 
cation has not kept its pledge. 

Education has a function which at least is twofold. 
It must provide for youth the information needed to 
succeed in daily life and it must enrich and deepen Hfe's 
spiritual spring's. It should be the common heritage of 

Christian schools have held that at least a primary 
education should be available to every child. Their 
doors were opened in the rural districts among the un- 
derprivileged and untaught. The children in our village 
schools come from homes where every pair of little 
hands is needed to help in the earning of the family's 

* The Christian College in India, September, 1934, p. 474. 

t National Christian Council Review, September, 1934, p. 474. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 

bread. Tlurc is water to be drawn, cattle to be herded, 
fuel to be 2:athcred. smaller children to be cared for, and 
a dozen other tasks that little hands can do while the 
parents do the heavier work. If the children from 
these homes attend school beyond the second grade it is 
at a financial sacrifice unknown in the homes of middle 
class groups. Attendance is irregular and often stops 
short at the age of eight or nine, for the parents feel 
that the child leisure required for an education is more 
than they can atTord. The village teacher in such a 
school has about the hardest job on earth. Critics of 
mission schools have often pointed out their defects 
without seeing the facts conditioning them. If mission 
schools are backward, and they often are. they also are 
pioneering and seeking ways for accomplishing a most 
difficult task. Despite their handicaps they have led in 
the achievement of at least three essential results. 

They have opened a way for thousands of young men 
and women who would have had no other opportunity 
and have helped to open up the spiritual springs of 
their lives. From among these have come ministers. 
teachers in both mission and government schools, work- 
ers in railway and government service, and others en- 
gaged in a wide range of other occupations. It is very 
encouraging that during recent years there is a stnall 
stream of young men and women emerging from our 
Christian schools who are prepared to enter rural life. 
Probably 4he greatest need in the Christian church today 
is an increasing number of those who are prepared to 
accept rural life with its hardships, but who also have 
the wisdom and courage to see its possibilities. To 
have a modest part in uplifting rural life, and in making 
it more abundant and Christlike offers what is perhaps 
the most rewarding career on the horizon today. 

The experience of mission schools in serving J;he 
underprivileged young men and women has shown that 
backwardness in education is due more to economic rea- 
sons than to the indifference of the village people them- 
selves. If all the village children of India should de- 
cide to go to school some morning, it would become 
embarrassing indeed. The financial burden would be 
too great for the government to bear. With farm land 
taxed almost to its utmost capacity, and with but ten 
fxrr cent of the people literate, the task of reaching the 
other ninety per cent gives to many a deep reason for 
concern. If education is to advance much further it 
will have to gird itself with a new outlook and begin to 
strike deeply at the roots of ])OVcrty and economic dis- 

Christan schools have been pioneering in this field. 
In some cases they have been encouraged by govern- 
ment to do .so. The work of the Vocational Training 
School in relating " learning" to some of the distress- 
ing problems of village social and economic life, prom- 
ises to Ixr f(f abiding value. Too often a village farmer, 

in his distress, accepts low yields from his land as the 
will of God. Young men. under the guidance of sym- 
patlutic teachers, soon come to view the economical use 
of land as being more nearly the will of God in the 
jiresence of hunger and distress. Young teachers 
trained to possess this same outlook and with the broad- 
ening interest in rural reconstruction find opportimities 
to render vital and rewarding service. In a paper writ- 
ten two years ago, reference was made to a young man 
for whom there was no vacancy at the close of his 
course in normal training. It was pointed out that on 
the eve of his examination he went out and found a job 
as a farm hand. For several weeks he worked for a 
few cents per day. Then he found a job as peon in a 
government office. Here he met the supervisor of pri- 
mary schools and later he was appointed as a teacher 
in a government village school. His supervisor speaks 
well of him. Literacy will likely advance beyond the 
traditional ten per cent when young men after leaving 
school are unafraid to dare and undertake any task that 
is useful and honest. 

Christian schools have pioneered in the lowering of 
caste barriers. Many young men who have risen to 
positions of trust in the church, in a government or a 
mission school as well as in the business world have 
earned the right to be recognized on the basis of their 
own personal worth. The past decade shows a marked 
advance in the lowering of caste barriers. Whether one 
is thinking of the future of the church, of the future of 
the millions still untaught, or of the future of the coun- 
try at large, it would be hard to overemphasize the sig- 
nificance of this advance. 

When young men and women achieve the spirit of 
daring, of wholesome living, of selfless service and de- 
votion to God and to their neighbors, they possess the 
spirit for which Christian schools carry on, and, what 
is more, they have found the Spirit of Christ. 

Anklesvar, Broach District, India. 

Assets for Future Building 


Forty years of missionary effort have laid the secure 
foundations for an enduring Church of the Brethren in 
India. The direction of its development and the power 
of its witness in the present age depend largely upon 
the aid and encouragement we can give it now. My 
faith that the church will live is profoundly strength- 
ened by the consideration of certain valuable and sure 

/. Leadership 

First among these assets must be mentioned a small 
group of trained, courageous, faithful Indian leaders. 
Recently N. V. Solanki, who with his wife, Benabai, is 
the inspiration of the great work at Khergam, said to 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 


me : " My elder brother is in government service. But 
though his salary is far more than mine, I would not 
trade with him. For he must oppress the poor, but my 
work is to enrich them by building their lives in the 
kingdom of God." 

In Rajpipla state, I helped to ordain Nagarji Dhanji 
into the ministry in his own home church, where he 
grew up, and where he has become not only a great 
schoolmaster, but the real religious leader of his people. 
It was a profoundly moving sight to see his saintly old 
father come forward, make the fine old Indian bow of 
reverent respect to his son as his pastor, then oft'er a 
prayer of thanksgiving and intercession for him. 

Last winter I saw a living copy of Zimmermann's no- 
ble picture of Christ and the Fishermen, when Jivanji, 
our Vyara pastor, sitting in the midst of a little group 
of tired, worn, heart-hungry village men, laid his hand 
on the arm of the nearest while he pleaded with them to 
become the nucleus of a church there. He was chang- 
ing the course of lives that night ! 

Could you spend a day with Premchand in his minis- 
try of training young men to be servants of Christ in 
rural India — or see Damodar's patient, wise, loving care 
of the fisher folk at Bhat — or watch Devji Ramji, a 
true farmer-preacher, remaking Jamoli, his village, or 
witness Govindji spending nights in prayer and days 
in teaching and leading men to the living Christ, then 
you too, would rejoice and take courage. And it is 
significant that all these men are still in their forties ! 

//. Youth 

A second valuable asset of the present-day Indian 
church is a great body of intelligent and willing young 
people. I have rarely seen a group of youth more in- 
terested in the growth and welfare of the church and in 

This girl, Shanti 
Dinkar, is a V^ara 
girl Vfho finished 
the practical arts 
course at Ankles- 
var. She is now in 
her second year at 
the Baroda State 
Training College 
for teachers. She is 
a lovely Christian 
girl, a talented 
teacher, artist and 

their fellow men. Years of effort in the boarding 
schools have resulted in training hundreds of young 
people. What are they doing now? Some are teach- 
ing Christian schools. But many more are independent 
farmers, home builders, nurses, carpenters, or are em- 
ployed by the government as foresters, teachers and 
clerks. Some boys have earned sufficient money to 
buy back land which greedy caste Hindus had long ago 
taken away from their fathers. In all of the village 
churches, these ex-boarding school boys and girls are 
the stalwart strength of the membership. 

Bansda, a neighboring state, has long forbidden pub- 
lic profession of the Christian religion. Yet, there are 
now four young Christian couples there in state serv- 
ice. Six are teachers, two are nurses. They meet to- 
gether for quiet worship, and the leaven is at work. 
Some day there will be a great church there. 

Kishon and Revashanker, Anklesvar graduates, were 
among the best of our Vyara village teachers. They 
were leading spirits in our camp. Now they have re- 
signed mission service, going into government schools 
at a lower wage. Why? So that they may open the 
door of government service to others, and do more ef- 
fective Christian service as volunteers. 

Some Anklesvar boys in Rajpipla state have opened 
private schools, living on small fees of grain and money, 
and doing effective Christian service. Vyara village 
boys farm by day and run night schools by night in 
neighboring village. Hundreds go out as gospel teams 
to tell the good news in new villages. Here is one of 
our very greatest assets — the growing spirit of volun- 
teer service among our youHg people. 

A Young People's Department is being organized. 
Camps are springing up, as you have read in Our 
Young People. Two-thirds of the people present at 
our last district meeting were under twenty-six. Our 
young people are so interested in service, in rural up- 
lift, in economic and social justice, in the claims of 
Jesus, that one's heart lifts with courageous hope as he 
faces the future with them. 

///. The Mass Movements 

Looking to the future of the church in India, we 
must be profoundly grateful for the astounding growth 
and vigor and the contagious enthusiasm of the church 
in three or four of the great mass movement areas of 
India. The story of the great church of Travancore, 
the movements among all castes in the Telugu country, 
the great indigenous Lutheran church of Chota Nagpur, 
and the vigorous Presbyterian church of the Panjab, 
constitutes one of the most inspiring chapters in all 
church history, and is an irresistible challenge to every 
other Christian group in India. 

People there who were considered the lowest of the 
low, untouchable dregs of human society, have become 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 

throujrh the power of Christ great churches of educated, 
prog^ressive, industrious, self-respecting people. They 
supjxirt their pastors, build their churclics. send out 
missionaries, and are truly indigenous churches. The 
influence of their achievement is contagious and other 
churches are being exposed to the glowing power of 
such contacts. 

ir. .-/ .Vrri' .-itntosplu-rt- ui hidia 

Not least among the great assets of the church is the 
totally changed atmosphere. A highly cultured Brah- 
min gentleman and scholar, Mr. N. L. Harshe. who 
lives in Poona. the citadel of Brahmin orthodox aristo- 
cracy, has openly confessed Christ, and been baptized. 
But he still lives with his family and among his caste 
brothers. This indeed marks high noon of the new day. 

Caste Hindus. Mohammedans in some places, and 
Jains, are urging that they be given a chance to hear 
and study the gospel. Many students who are seekers 
are hesitating between Christ and Lenin. Others have 
passed the point of interest and have turned away. " If 
Christ has any message for India in this hour, for the 
sake of God and humanity let us have it now !" That 
is their demand. 

Even in formerly impregnable native states, the at- 
mosphere of suspicion or even open hostility to Christi- 
anity is giving way to tolerance, sympathy and trtist. 
Untouchability is going. The Christian church has won 
notable victories, and an influential place in Indian life. 
V. A Questioning Generation in the Home Church 

The scrutiny which missions are undergoing from 
thoroughly honest souls in the home church will be an 
asset in the future. If the spirit of questioning arises 
from a genuine desire to know the truth, and to plan 
the program and the benevolences of the church in ac- 
cord with the findings of an Inonest inquiry, it will cer- 
tainly lead to a better day. It will help us on the field 
to rethink and improve our methods, and to cast off 
hindering traditions and unproductive appendages. And 
honest questions, whose answers are honestly faced, will 
lead to a more sympathetic and intelligent support of 
the world wide mission of the church. 

I feel most keenly, too, that tlie insistent demand of 
my own contemjjoraries and the younger generation 
still, for jK-ace and economic and social justice, which 
has found eloquent expression in the summer cam])S 
and the columns of our church jjajjers, is a distinct as- 
set to the church abroad. Intelligent interest in sucli 
causes will never know nationalistic frontiers. Things 
are transpiring in Asia and Africa today which will 
have a profound effect uj^on the future peace of the 
world. .Asia's ideals are in the crucible. No thinking 
fyerson will long nor .seriou.sly pooh-pooh the urgency 
of bringing the ideals of Christ and Christian character 
into the formation of the Asia of tomorrrow. 

To hope for a new social and economic order for 
.Vmerica alone, too, is idle. We are all bound up in the 
bundle of life together. It may be quite wrong for a 
Dunker youth in Lancaster to eat cake and ride in a 
Cadillac while his brother in Arkansas has neither bread 
nor a mule. It is just as wrong for him to enjoy his 
cake tmmindful of his brother in the Narbadda Valley 
in India, who has neither rice nor ox. Our thinking 
young people at home will not confine their altruism to 
the needy of one land. They will not deny the bread of 
life to those in India and Nigeria and China, where 
young people, who share their hopes and aspirations and 
dreams, long for a religion in which they may be chil- 
dren of God, and share in the love and power and peace 
of our Christ. 

So the spirit of crusading for peace and justice and' 
the kingdom of God, which is so splendid a character- 
istic of Dunker yotith today, must result, as I see it, in 
a new and deeper appreciation, and a more sustained,, 
sympathetic, intelligent and sacrificial interest in mis- 
sions. That is my faith. 

Last of all, but certainly most important of all, would 
I mention the unfailing asset of the power of Christ to 
transform htmian lives, and reconstruct them until they 
are fit to dwell in the reconstructed human society^ 
which we may call the kingdom of God. I would re- 
affirm my faith that in him there is power to transformi 
Asia and Africa, and to build for himself a great 
church, worthy to be called his own ! 

Vyara, India. 

Steps to Economic Betterment 


During recent years the economic condition of the 
world has been a constant source of trouble. This con- 
dition does not seem to be improving very rapidly. This 
is especially true throughout the rural areas of every 
country. But what has this to do with the message of 
Christianity ? Is it not sufficient to " preach the gospel 
to every creature "? 

At the very beginning of the experience of the 
Church of the Brethren in India a great famine came 
upon tiie land which brought thousands upon thousands 
of pcoijle to the point of starvation. Because of many 
homeless or])!ians the mission opened orphanages at a 
number of jMaces to minister to the needs of such chil- 
dren. Many children were admitted to these orphanages 
and not only were they fed and clothed, but they were 
educated and trained for u.seful lives in the future. 
Many of these children did well in their .studies and are 
now t!ic church leaders and ])eople of influence in many 
stations of life. .Some who were less clever and unable 
to cffutinue their literary education were given training 
in other lines such as carpentry, weaving and similar 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 


industries which would fit them for lives of usefulness. 
Today there are a number of carpenters who are mak- 
ing their own living who were trained in those early 
orphanages and are living lives of usefulness both for 
their motherland and for the church. 

During those early days when villagers and farmers 
had lost animals and had many other losses the mission 
assisted them to get back on their feet. They were 
given loans for purchasing cattle, seed, and other ma- 
terials. This was a great piece of work done by far- 
sighted missionaries to meet a desperate situation. 

Some of these orphanage boys as they grew older 
settled on land which was purchased by the mission. 
For this land they gave a nominal rent. Later some of 
these farmers who did well bought this same land on 
ten-year contracts at nominal rates of interest. Some 
of them did well and are, today, successful farmers. 
The mission also has a land investment fund which is 
loaned to farmers for the purchase of land on ten-year 
contracts at six per cent interest. This has been a help 
to many people through the villages and indirectly an 
aid in building the church of Christ in India. 

We may note the purpose of all these methods of 
work is to help people to help themselves, or to help 
them to stand on their own feet. It is quite evident that 
people who can stand on their own feet will get farther 
than those who stand on some one else's feet. It may 
take them longer to reach stability, but each pair of feet 
is equipped to bear but one body and therefore can not 
carry very many bodies besides its own. But we find 
that many pairs of feet are unable to carry the allotted 
number of bodies so the task is to help them to stand on 
their feet. 

We are not in famine days now, although the depres- 
sion has been as hard on the village people of India as 
any people in the world. However, India's millions are 
always in a condition of semistarvation. American 
people have seen sad pictures of those who are in des- 
perate need. But in this country where such conditions 

A project in poultry improvement 

are common in the everyday life of the people, the ques- 
tion arises how to help them without pauperizing them. 
Past experience has taught us some valuable lessons, 
but none of us claims to have found the solution to the 
problem. But we may mention a few methods which 
are being followed today. 

The Vocational Training School and the School of 
Practical Arts at Anklesvar have been training students 
in agriculture, carpentry, blacksmithing, rope making, 
knitting, sewing, home making and other industries 
which prepare them for village life. We believe that 
education is the fundamental method, not only toward 
economic betterment, but also toward character build- 
ing. Character, after all, is the foundation for any im- 
provement. These boys and girls come from the vil- 
lages for the most part and will be returning to the 
villages. The entire program of these two training 
schools is built around village life, thus fitting them for 
rural life when they return to the villages. 

But the education of youth does not meet the immedi- 
ate needs. Village people must be reached if they are 
to be helped. Village cooperative banks, such as have 
already been organized at Bulsar, Khergam, Jalalpor, 
and Anklesvar, and which are being planned at other 
places, help to meet one great need of the India villager. 
These banks bring to the villager the privilege of bor- 
rowing money at a reasonable rate of interest, thus re- 
leasing him from the exorbitant rates of interest 
charged by the village money lender. But aside from 
oiTering loans at lower rates of interest the cooperative 
bank is an institution of villagers, for villagers, man- 
aged by villagers. It requires close cooperation, hon- 
esty and thrift which are factors in character building 
more valuable than the financial gains. 

Another form of cooperation is that of marketing. 
Helping the villager and farmer to get better prices for 
his produce is a highly important matter in improving 
his economic status. D. Spencer Hatch, who has had 
long experience in this field of endeavor, says in his 
book. Up From Poverty: " The one great sin in rural 
uplift is stopping short of cooperative marketing." The 
special field which has yielded to this process in India 
has been egg-marketing. This involves not only pro- 
ducing fresh eggs for the market, but producing more 
and larger eggs. In order to do this the Indian villager 
has to introduce a more productive type of poultry and 
follow better methods of management. Just now we 
are working on the marketing end of the problem and 
are also trying to introduce improved fowls with only 
slight success. But this is part of the immediate need. 
Poultry husbandry is a cottage industry which is useful 
to the Indian villager. In several places in India this 
has been carried out with success. 

Another great need of the Indian villager is a type of 
cattle which will produce strong work oxen and cows 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26. 1935 

which will give a good quantity of milk. It is obvious 
that a strain of cattle (such as India has) which pro- 
duces scrubby, weak oxen and cows that give from one 
to three pounds of milk daily is neither profitable nor 
useful to the Indian farmer. 

Just this year (1934), with the cooperation of the 
staff of the \'ocational Training School, a short course 
for farmers was offered at Anklesvar. The small num- 
ber attending the course was disappointing, but the en- 
thusiasm of those few who did come was encouraging. 
They were given special instruction in poultry, hus- 
bandry, dairying, farm crops, horticulture and Bible. 
This t>-pe of instruction has great possibilities. An- 
other course for the coming year is being planned on 
more extensive lines with hopes of a large attendance. 

Our experience certainly has taught us that steps to 
economic betterment can only be possible through per- 
sistent and consistent effort. Indian farmers are ex- 
ceedingly sceptical of newfangled ideas. This is only 
natural. They can not afford to experiment. They 
must know that any new proposal is certain to bring re- 
sults. In one village the pastor introduced a cheap and 
ver)- useful improved plow patterned after the Indian 
wooden plow. This plow has been in that village for 
two years now and only after two years of demonstra- 
tion are the farmers ready to purchase for themselves. 
That same pastor also introduced some White Leghorn 
fowls. After two years the villagers are beginning to 
introduce these fowls in their own flocks. This shows 
how carefully they accept new ideas, but it also shows 
that when they are convinced of the practicability of 
new ideas they are willing to give them a trial. Thus we 
find that demonstrations are the best method of intro- 
ducing any new ideas among village people. We need 
to be sure of our ground and then make the proper 
demonstration to get villagers to follow any instruc- 
tions toward improvement. 

Does this all sound like a very materialistic program ? 
Then let us ask this question : Which is the better, to 
help a desperately poor family by furnishing them food 
in the time of extreme need, or to help them feed them- 
selves by increasing their income through the introduc- 
tion of more productive cattle, poultry, seed and agri- 
cultural methods? The answer is obvious. The family 
which learns to help itself is more self-respecting and 
happier than the family which is helped outright. In 
dealing with great masses of people it is also obvious 
which is the better method. 

Herein is a story of a modern Good Samaritan. " A 
group of farmers who were living in a certain village 
fell among thieves (the money lenders) and were sorely 
oppressed because of paying exorbitant rates of inter- 
est. They were on the point of losing their farms and 
were little better off than slaves. 

" .Xnd by chance a Brahmin passed that way and 

when he found out how they were oppressed he ' passed 
by on the other side.' 

" And likewise a Mohammedan passed that way. He 
came and talked with them but when he saw their des- 
perate condition he, too, ' passed by on the other side,' 
saying, ' Why should I do anything?' 

" But a certain Christian teacher living in that village, 
saw their condition, and had compassion on them. He 
went to his missionary to see what could be done. To- 
gether they worked out a plan to help those village 
farmers by helping them to organize a cooperative so- 
ciety so they could keep their land, and by aiding them 
to sell their produce at good prices. The teacher and 
the missionary advised and helped them in many ways. 
Today they are on the road to more abundant living 
and are happy. Which of these three, think you, was 
their neighbor?" 

UmalUi, hidia. 

Our Message to India 


What is our message to India? Is it one of social 
uplift, of economic betterment, of physical improve- 
ment, of mental development, or of spiritual growth? 
Is our message any one of these ? Is it any two or three 
of them ? Is it all of them combined ? 

We can say with no apologies that the heart of our 
message far supersedes anyone or any combination of 
the above possible aims. Our message to India is 
Christ — Christ the Beautiful, Christ the Savior and 
Friend of the lowly, the broken-hearted, the captive, 
the blind, the bruised. And it is in him that we see the 
fetters of caste weaken. It is in him that we begin to 
behold the day when all men shall truly be counted 
equal. In him, men and women have been lifted out of 
poverty into his rich heritage. In him, broken bodies 
have truly become temples of the living God. In Christ, 
there has come a thirst for truth and a knowledge of 
the better things of life. Yes, in him, new souls have 
been born, and are finding daily peace and joy. 

One beauty about our message is that he is so easily 
understood by the various types of people of India. 

A poor servant, of whom there are thousands, 
crushed under the cruel hand of a landlord or taskmas- 
ter, finds the consolation and comfort, that such bur- 
dened hearts need, in the invitation : " Come unto me, 
all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you 

The independent person who is possessed of a certain 
degree of self-respect and pride about his well-being, 
is attracted to him by his simple life of industry. 

Jesus' philosophy of Hfe, his sane view concerning 
our relationships with our fellow men, his fine type of 
manhood, and his sinlessness challenge the thinking of 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26. 1935 


Marihabai and 
daughter, Andira. 
Her hope for the 
future was high 
■when she married a 
young Christian 
man, but sickness 
and death entered 
the home and left 
her with but a lit- 
tle daughter. Mar- 
thabai has faced 
life bravel}). She 
has devoted her tal- 
ents and strength to 
the girls in the 
Anklesvar school. 

the inquiring mind of mystic India. His humility, his 
compassion, his devotion, his life of abandonment to a 
great cause has no equal in the devotee of this land. 
Our simple message reaches another class of people. 
These are the women. India's womanhood knows no 
true freedom except as it finds it in Jesus Christ or 
under the influence of Christianity. A Hindu friend 
said the other day : " Our women seldom go out, and 
when they do, they usually go in groups." Our Mo- 
hammedan friends seldom get the opportunity to enjoy 
the fresh air and sunshine, for they are bound by re- 
ligion and tradition to spend their lives behind closed 
doors. But, we are rejoicing in the increasing number 
who are being allowed to come into their own and we 
are more and more finding that India's women are gain- 
ing confidence in their ability and are sharing the ad- 
vantages and satisfaction that come with the training 
of the mind and hand and heart. I rejoiced the other 
day to see a young Mohammedan mother who is able, 
unlike her own mother, to enjoy the great out of doors 
with no religious restrictions and to find a great delight 
in being able to do some real attractive handwork. 

It is encouraging to see the children of India coming 
into their rightful place. In many instances hard labor 
or confining work has robbed the boys and girls of the 
joy of childhood. Indifference and ignorance on the 
part of parents as to the sacredness and importance of 
childhood has meant that many youths have been late, if 
ever, in claiming the training that was their right. 

One of the greatest results of our message is that it 
is speaking silently to so many hearts. It is a source of 
great joy to hear some men who are bound by family 
and religious tradition and loyalty, of which we know 
nothing, say in private conferences that they are admir- 

ing the Christ and that his life is beautiful. Such an 
attitude was not known some years back. Sometime ago 
a lawyer said to a certain missionary : " The men of my 
class and others are giving up their gods. We are seek- 
ing something really satisfying." What a challenge to 
our present work ! 

We are praying for the day of which one Indian 
spoke recently. He said : " The day is coming when 
India as a whole shall kneel at the feet of Jesus." Mis- 
sionaries for scores of years, have prayed for even the 
dawn of such a time. The progress seems slow, but 
when we take a view of the development throughout 
the years, we are encouraged and rejoice at growth. 

Will you pray with us as we face another forty years 
of work, that our message shall find, with a speed ac- 
ceptable to him, a way into the hearts and lives of In- 
dia's millions ; and that their lives shall truly be changed 
and that they shall daily grow into the likeness of 
Christ, as Marthabai, a beautiful, faithful widow, and 
many others are doing? 

Anklesvar, Broach District, India. 

What to Pray For 

Week of January 26-Fehruary 2 
This week-we are to remember especially our Home 
Mission workers who are laboring faithfully to build 
the kingdom of God in the western part of the United 
States and Canada. The territory of this region in- 
cludes eight state districts. $4,336 of the Home Mis- 
sion funds are being spent here during the year to bring 
the gospel to needy communities. Thirteen churches, 
with a total membership of 1,303, are receiving help 
from these funds. 

Let us pray that these churches may meet effectively 
the problems and needs of the communities they serve. 
Let us pray that their leaders may be real prophets of 
God who will give the message needed by young men 
and women who are facing life in .a difficult time and 
the message needed by the older men and women who 
are weighed down with the burdens of the years of eco- 
nomic and spiritual stress and strain. 

Below is the list of the fourteen churches and their 
pastors. Let us pray for them individually. 

Southern California and Arizona: Glendale, H. A. Frantz ; 
San Bernardino, W. M. Piatt. 

Idaiio and Western Montana: Bowmont, H. G. Shank; 
Emmett, Clement Bontrager ; Payette Valley, E. J. Glover ; 
Aloscow and Clearwater, A. R. Fike ; Twin Falls, C. H. HincT 

Oregon: Portland, F. H. Barr. 

Washington: North Spokane, D. Warren Shock; Richr 
land Valley, E. L. Whisler; Seattle, A. L. Sellers. 

Western Canada: Bow Valley, John Wieand. Bro. John 
Wieand does a great deal of field work among the churches 
of western Canada in connection with his pastoral work at 
Bow Valley. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 


Calendar for Sunday, January 27 

Sunday-school Lesson, Peters llcnial. — Mark 1-4; \2-72. 
Christian Workers' Meeting, Cotistructive I'orces in So- 
ciotN . 

B. Y. P. D. Programs: 

Voiin.c: People — Christ ami ilu- Home. 

liueniuHliates — Personality. 

<J» ♦ 4* ♦ 
Gains for the Kingdom 

Three baptisms in the Kvcrett church, Pa. 

Two haptisms in the Clovis church, N. Mex. 

Three baptisms in the Ottawa church, Kans. 

Two haptisms in the Tacoma church. Wash. 

Two haptisms in the Westcrnport church, Aid. 

One l)aptism in the Eagle Creek church. Ohio. 

One baptism in the White Cottage church, Ohio. 

Two baptized and one reclaimed in the Rock Run church, 

Five liaptized and two reclaimed in the Greenville church, 

Five haptisms in the l.eamersville church, Pa., Bro. Rog- 
ers, pastor-evangelist. 

Five converts in the Hartviile cluirch, Ohio, P)ro. Clyde 
M ulliKan. pastor-evangelist. 

Three baptized and two received on former baptism in the 
Waterloo City church. Iowa. 

Three added to the Cincinnati church, Ohio, Bro. A. C. 
Miller of Pottstown. Pa., evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Connellsville church. Pa., Bro. J. H. 
Cas-ady of Washington, D. C, evangelist. 

One baptism in the Oak Grove church, Mo., Bro. A. W. 
Adkins and wife of Cabool, Mo., evangelists. 

Five baptisms in the Lincoln church, Nebr., Brother and 
Sister B. M. Rollins of Keyser, W. \'a., evangelists. 

Eight baptized and one reclaimed in the Crab Run church, 
\'a . Bro. J. S. Stevens of Edinburg, Va., evangelist. 

Five baptized and one reclaimed in the Reading church. 
Pa.. I5ro. M. J. Weaver of Lancaster, Pa., evangelist. 

Eighteen baptisms in the Big Creek church, Okla., Broth- 
er and Sister O. H. Austin of McPherson, Kans., evangelists. 

Nine received into First church, Altoona, Pa., Bro. R. 
Paul Miller of Berne, Ind.. evangelist; seven baptisms at a 
later date. 

Five baptisms in the First church, Los Angeles, Calif.; 
.six baptisms during meetings by Bro. Fred A. Flora of 
.Santa Ana, evangelist ; two baptisms following the meet- 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Our Evangelists 

Will you share the burden wliich these laborer.s carry? Will you pray 
for the success of these meetings? 

Bro. S. S. Blough, the pastor, Jan. 27 in the Greencastlc 
church. Pa. 

Bro. R. N. Leatherman of Union City, Ind., Feb. 11 in the 
T'/lcdo church, Ohio. 

Bro. J. Edson Ulery of Onekama, Mich., Feb. 10-17 in the 
Rodney church, Mich. 

Bro. M. C. Swigart of Germantown, Pa., Feb. .3-17 in the 
Hummel Street church, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Bro. Carl Hilbert, home minister, Feb. 3 in the White 

Urancli house. Nettle Creek church, Ind. 

Bro. Rufus Bucher of Quarryville, Pa., starting the last ^ 

week in l'"ebruary in Second cluirch. South Bend, Ind. 
4* * ♦ <► 
Personal Mention j 

Bro. H. F. Caylor, 4404 Falls Road, Baltimore, Md., writes : 
".\m enjoying Bro. Bonsack's letters. Knew him when a 
boy." But which one was the boy? 

Some of our well-known pastors are taking turns writ- 
ing the Quiet Hour topics. Last month Bro. Galen B. 
Rover prepared the outlines. For February, Bro. Ross D. 
Murphy is suppl\ing them. 

Eld. Jacob Hedrick, deceased, was the founder of the 
Midland church of Eastern Virginia, the first one in that 
district. His good wife, Emma S., having attained the age 
of nearly eighty-eight, has now joined hiiu on the other 

Our deputation brethren — Bonsack, Miller, Brubaker — 
are scheduled to land at Bombay this very day, as it hap- 
pens, the date of this India number. Let us hope they are 
there all safe and well, after the long journey around Africa 
in perils of many seas. 

Bro. Ira E. Long, 813 Coburn St., Akron, Ohio, writes us 
that he has so far recovered his health that he is accepting 
the pastorate of the Owl Creek church of Northeastern 
Ohio, to begin service at once. He will also be in position 
during 1935 and 1936 to hold a few revival meetings. 

Sister Bertha Ryan Shirk's stories of life in India, which 
we told you about some months ago, are at last beginning 
in this issue. See page 18. This seems especially fitting 
since she was one of our first three missionaries to that 
land, and this number of the Messenger commemorates 
our forty years in India. These stories are full of human 
interest. You will like them. So would your friends. In- 
vite them to subscribe at once so they get all sixteen. 

How to put two pages where there is space enough for 
but one, is the editor's special problem at this time of year. 
So to Bro. D. J. Lichty as editor of the India matter for 
this number, and to certain writers whose articles had to 
be held over, the editors express their regrets for unavoid- 
able delay. Regrets are also due correspondents and others 
for the tardy appearance of timely matter. Meanwhile 
your editors are doing the best they can to put the most 
possible in the thirty-two pages available week by week. 

Annual India Number 

Special Articles — 

Fortieth Anniversary of Brethren Mission in India (C. D. B.) 3 

Unforgettable Incidents. By Eliza B. Miller 4 

What the Indian Church Is Doing. By P. G. Bhagat 6 

Development in Intcr-Mission Relationships. By G. K. Satvedi 7 

Religious ICducation. By J, M. Blough 8 

Christian Schools and Their Message to Youth. By I. W. Moomaw .. 9 

Assets for Future Building. By Edward K. Ziegler 10 

Steps to Economic Betterment. By A. S. B. Miller 12 

Our Message to India. By Anna Warstler 14 

What to Pray For 15 

Peace (Verse). By Lorita Shull 18 

Glimpses of Life in India.— No. 1, By Bertha Ryan Shirk 18 

Editorial — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

The Quiet Hour (R. D. M.) 17 

The Church at Work— 

■] he Unified Service in the Fresno Church; On the Matter of Reading; 
The Family Altar; Bibliography on tlic Munitions Question; To 
Directors of Local Churches; Men at Work in Northern Indiana; 
Our Public School System in 1935; "Church Work With Intermedi- 
ates"; The Leader as a Member of the Group 20-23 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26. 1935 


Sister Ella M. Mauss, surviving companion of Bro. Frank 
R. Mauss who passed on from this life last summer, is now 
located at La Verne College. Her new address is 2435 Fifth 
St., La Verne, Calif. 

If Bro. L. F. Love lives until April 9, next, he will be 
ninety-four. He is " quite feeble, sight failing," a friend 
tells us. Formerly of Southern Indiana, he later labored 
extensively in Nebraska. He now resides at 78 Monroe 
St., Denver, Colo. 

" Mother Thomas," pioneer member of " the church in 
Philadephia," now residing at Oaks, Pa., sends her greet- 
ings—" To the editors and church family of our beloved 
Gospel Messenger." She delights to linger in the precious 
memories of the Christmas season. Her mind also alter- 
nates between wondering whether " the world is just in its 
infancy " or whether " the time of his coming is drawing 
near." She would like somebody to tell her how to in- 
terpret those two little words " not yet." In any case the 
whole "church family " will join the Messenger in hearty 
thanks for her greetings and equally hearty good wishes 
for her health and happiness during the nine and one-half 
years that remain until she reaches the century mark. 
■^ ^ -^^ -^ 

Miscellaneous Items 

A aumber of our readers are wondering how long the spe- 
cial offer on the Messenger is to be in force. The answer is 
that the offer represents an experiment which we propose to 
give a thorough trial. Hence for the present, the offer is 
good if and when churclies meet its terms. Write the Breth- 
ren Publishing House, Elgin, 111., for particulars. 

According to the latest count approximately 170 churches 
have succeeded in getting the Messenger into not less than 
75% of the resident families. We are most grateful for the 
good work of all who have made this fine showing possi- 
ble. It is not too late for other churches to take advantage 
of our economical club rate plan. See statement on page 29. 

The Church at Work department has been going since the 
issue of Nov. 17. As the name indicates, it presents ideas 
about and tested methods of doing church work. And now 
that we have ventured this far, we would be glad for your 
reactions. How do you like the department? Do you 
think of ways it could be improved? Or if you have any 
other suggestion regarding the Messenger, your church 
paper, just jot it down on a card and send it in. If you pre- 
fer, write a letter. 

Have you seen a copy of "The Church of My Dreams"? 
It is a personalized presentation of the Conference Budget. 
It was prepared by Sister Anetta Mow. Each phase of work 
such as India missions, Bethany Seminary and the young 

The Achievement Offering 

February 17 is the date for the annual Achievement Of- 
fering. The purpose of the offering is to give every con- 
gregation a chance to honorably complete its giving for the 
general brotherhood work. The week, Feb. 10 to 17, should 
be used in acquainting all the members with the meaning 
of our^ great missionary work. 

The giving of the brotherhood for ten months, March 1 
to December 31, totals $117,838. This is $14,116 better than 
last year. Church leaders believe we should increase our 
giving not only over last year but at least up to what we 
gave two years ago. In the face of the economic crisis we 
may not be able to give as we did several years ago. But 
if we believe that Christ is the world's only hope how much 
are we willing to share Christ with the world? 

people's department is made to speak, telling the need and 
the program. This playlet is offered to every congregation 
with the thought that it should be used prior to the Achieve- 
ment Offering. Copies are available free by writing to the 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

World Court Now Before Senate. At the time of this 
writing the World Court issue is being discussed by the 
Senate. With the backing of every President since Teddy 
Roosevelt, of 67% of the daily newspapers, and with much 
public sentiment behind it, we dare to hope that it will 
be passed. However, the isolationists are already giving 
vigorous opposition and peace loving people must act at 
once. Our entrance into the World Court now would be a 
strategic step toward world cooperation and world peace. 
What can you do? Write a personal letter to the Presi- 
dent of the United States, and to Senator Joseph T. Robin- 
son, majority leader, expressing your convictions on this 
issue. Write to the senators from your state informing 
them that you favor its passage because it is a step toward 
world peace. We do not know how long the debate will 
last. When action comes — and if it is favorable — congratu- 
latory letters and telegrams will be in place. Act now. — 
Board of Christian Education. 


Who Is My Neighbor? 

Theme for February — Understanding My Neighbor 

Luke 10: 25-37 

For Week Beginning February 3 
A Certain Lawyer 

Learned in the law — not the law of love. 

The law of love, 1 Cor. 13. What a wonderful chapter. 
Unknown before the advent of Jesus. He brought the law 
of love from heaven and made it a human reality in the ex- 
perience of Paul. He will do the same for us if we sur- 
render our lives to him. 

The purpose of Christ's coming, John 3 : 16. 
First Question 

What must I do to inherit eternal life? (Was he seeking 
information or inviting a controversy?) 

The answer in terms of knowledge, John 17 : 3. 

In terms of service. Matt. 10: 42. 

In terms of violent opposition, Rev. 21 : 7. 

In terms of fighting against spiritual wickedness, 2 Tim. 
4: 6-8. 
Second Question 

Who is my neighbor? 

Answer, The Parable of the Good Samaritan. 

Love of God and service to men go hand in hand. 

Color — blacks and whites ; racial — The Japanese Exclusion 
Act; religious — Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Cath- 

How strange these barriers when we proclaim the father- 
hood of God and brotherhood of man! 
Paul's Attitude 

Rom. 1 : 14, the declaration of a noble missionary. He must 
have caught the spirit of Jesus. 
Questions for Meditation 

Who are the thirsty, the hungry and the imprisoned (Matt. 
25 : 34-36) ? 

If all Christians were Christian, what then? 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 


Note.— The i>llo\viiifr »;is written by tlu- 
tweivc-vfar-f'J daughter oi Brother and Sis- 
ter C. 0. Shull of Vada. Thana District. India. 
Lorita is a student in Woodstock School, 
Landour. Mussoorie. U. P.. India. An account 
ci Woodstock School and the opportunities af- 
forded missionaries' children appeared in The 
Gospel Messenger for Sept. 22. 10.54. on page 
1-v-A. E. L. 

Oh, large, dark hills 
That breast the sky 
With countless peaks 
A towering high. 
Where did you get 
That strange, sweet calm 
That seems to all 
A soothing balm? 

^'ou seem to have 
Lpon your crest 
A voice, which whispers, 
"Come and rest. 
Leave the world 
That you have trod 
Come, and have a 
Day with God." 

Among your trees 
On winds that sigh, 
And up above 
The eagles cry; 
All seem to say 
With one loud voice: 
"Come now, and in 
The Lord rejoice." 

Our picture shows a view of the Woodstock School where the India missionaries' children 
attend. Junior high school at the right in the distance; the boys' dormitory is in the lower 

A silent voice 
From every hill 
Seems to whisper, 
"Peace, be still." 
Among the rocks 
On winds that soar 
The cry comes, 
"Peace forevermore." 

Oh, large, dark hills 
That breast the sky. 
Oh, voice from every hill. 
Speak to the hearts of men. 
Saying, "Peace, be still." 

Landour, India. 

Glimpses of Life in India 


Editor's Note: The author of these sketches rvas one of 
our first three missionaries to India, the other trvo being 
Brother and Sister W . B. Stover. From the story of her ex- 
periences in that n>orl( ive have selected with her permission 
the chapters which are to follow. They deal mostly with 
home life and are sure of a warm welcome in the homes and 
hearts of readers of the Messenger. This first "glimpse" is 
not the first chapter in the writer's complete story, and this 
fact will account for the somewhat abrupt but not less inter- 
esting way in which it begins. — Ed. 

1. First Night In a Strange Land 

The hotel room assigned to Mary and myself was 
large and airy. Two large windows with shutters 
opened toward the south. A large old-fashioned bed, 
ropes stretched across in place of springs, and a hard 
mattress, reminded me of nights spent at grandmother's 
house ; and she had also a shuck-tick and a big feather 
bed with lots of covers, 'i'hen there was a long feather 
pillow called a bolster. But here in India wc had cotton 
pillows and no covers at all. We were soon to learn 
that travelers are supposed to carry their own blankets, 
and a blanket is all that is needed in this hot climate. 
We had one with our baggage, but it takes time in India 

to do things. Our blanket was not to arrive until some 
time the next day. A table, a couple of chairs and a rug 
on the floor gave us no complaint to make. 

I must tell you, now, about our first night spent in 
India. After the dinner hour, which is usually about 
eight o'clock in the evening, we went out for a little 
walk. Many were the strange sights, and even all the 
sounds were strange — except the crying of the babies. 
Indian babies sound just the same as ours in America. 
On coming back to the hotel and going to our room, we 
wanted so much to lie down on a bed that did not roll 
and rock, so we retired. Without thinking, the little 
coal oil lamp, that had been placed on the table, was 
extinguished. Then we remembered there were no 
matches in sight 1 At once we began to wonder what 
to do in case a light was needed. Perhaps we would not 
want one. Stretching ourselves out on the hard bed, we 
tried to sleep ; but it was like trying to sleep on a board. 
In London the beds were so soft with feathers that one 
could not sleep. On the hard Indian bed we talked and 
laughed, as girls will, and found ourselves growing 
wider awake. 

Then, to our consternation, we heard a noise at one 
of the windows. I had been standing at the window 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 


during the evening watching the bathing of a half dozen 
big black buffalo cows at a water tank under the trees. 
I had noticed a ledge underneath the window quite wide 
enough for a person to walk upon. The first thought 
was that some prowler might be on this ledge trying to 
open the shutter. Sitting up in bed, we both listened 
intently, our hearts beating rather rapidly. We felt sure 
some one was trying to open the shutter. We were 
both alarmed ! Suppose he should gain entrance ! Oh, 
if we only had left the light burning ! We were afraid 
to go and investigate in the dark. 

Finally, we summoned enough courage to slip out at 
the back of the bed and peer out into the hall way. 
Help was in sight ! A man servant wrapped in his loin 
cloth, lay on the floor in peaceful slumber. How fool- 
ish, though, to disturb him, when we could not speak a 
word he could understand! We did not even know 
what to say to wake him up. During the day, however, 
we had learned that all men servants, young or old, 
were called " boys." So we called " Boy ! Boy !" No 
answer. The " boy " was evidently very sound asleep. 
Repeated calls did not wake him ; so I decided to give 
him a poke with my toe. Some white folks in India 
kick their black servants but a poke this time answered 
the purpose. He was aroused. He understood by signs 
we wanted a light. He soon brought another lamp. The 
shutters were still closed and by that time everything 
was quiet. We thought we would just see if we could 
find out what the noise was all about. As we cautious- 
ly opened one of the shutters, a big black crow took 
flight from beneath the window. He had been the trou- 
ble maker. Hundreds of these crows have their homes 
in the many big shade trees about the city and go un- 
molested by the natives. 

Our scare was over, for we were satisfied it was no 
burglar, and learned afterward that, although India has 
a thieving caste, robbing is not carried on there on an 
extensive scale Uke it is in these great United States of 


That was our first and only bad fright during our 
stay in India. We laugh yet to think that we were so 
upset just by a big old black crow. 

Chickasha, Okla. 



4. Gospel Loop Mission: Historical 

The Gospel Loop Mission began its existence in a little 
storeroom at 12 West Lake Street, Chicago, in the fall of 
1926. Rev. Benjamin Mickle Brown, a Presbyterian minis- 
ter of the city, conceived the idea of opening a rescue mis- 
sion and lodging quarters in the heart of the loop district 
in order to reach some of the men of the street in that busy 
section. The room necessary for this purpose was donated 

by Mrs. Ada Garrett, an elderly non-Christian lady who 
owned the place ; and from that day to this the mission is 
indebted to Mrs. Garrett for the free use of the hall. 

After the first week or two, Rev. Brown sought the as- 
sistance of Bro. D. D. Funderburg, Director of the Practical 
Work Department at Bethany, to help build up this new 
mission. Thus Bro. Funderburg and three Bethany stu- 
dents, Stacy Shenton, Marian Rinehart and Ruth Hawkins 
were our charter workers in the Gospel Loop Mission, and 
our Seminary has been closely related to the work ever 

During the past eight years the work has grown from an 
idea and a purpose to an organized church with dozens of 
members. In the early days it was but a rescue mission, 
stirring men's souls by sermon, song and testimony, en- 
couraging those who were down and out to confess and turn 
away from their sins, and to confess Christ and trust him. 
Many a rescue mission stops at this point ; but not so with 
the Gospel Loop Mission. One evening in the second year 
of the mission, Clarence Fike, one of the Bethany student 
ministers, preached a sermon on New Testament baptism. 
His message led to conviction and action; and a number of 
the converts expressed their desire for baptism by immer- 
sion. Accordingly, their pastor, Rev. Ernest Harvey, bor- 
rowed the use of the baptistry at the First Church of the 
Brethren, and baptized five of the men. Since that time 
forty-five or fifty more have been baptized. The rescue 
mission has become also an organized and working church, 
with its pastor, deacons, elders, monthly church meetings 
and communion services. 

In the early days the audience room was only a small por- 
tion of the room that is now used for that purpose. The 
rest of the first floor was used in part as a bedroom for the 
workers and in part as a kitchen. The other men slept on 
newspapers on the second floor. Today it is different. The 
mission hall comprises about three-fourths of the first floor, 
the other fourth being used for kitchen. The men all sleep 
upstairs on cots. The hall is well painted and profusely 
decorated with appropriate scripture verses, pictures and 
mottoes. The decorating was done largely during the sec- 
ond year of the mission by one of the new members of the 
church, who had been a professional decorator. 

The coal for the winter months and much of the baked 
goods for the entire year, and sometimes meat, are supplied 
by Mrs. Bagge, one of the earliest converts of the mission, 
a lady who with her husband owns five different bakeries in 
the city. The men of the mission collect second-day bread 
and doughnuts and other supplies from different places in 
the city. A year ago last summer many of their vegetables 
were grown by the men of the mission in one of the relief 
gardens provided by the city. Much of the time flowers which 
have been donated by the florists of the city adorn the hall. 
Charlie Mecklenburg, a saintly old gentleman of less than 
six years of Christian life and experience, makes it his busi- 
ness to keep the hall well supplied with flowers. Charlie is 
their faithful cook. Tom Hickey, one of the earlier con- 
verts is the faithful and earnest superintendent of the mis- 
sion. It is interesting and encouraging to see the Chris- 
tians there devote themselves to the work of the mission. 
The experience of God's love and forgiveness, and their de- 
votion to Christ call forth their earnest and faithful re- 
sponse in service and testimony. 

It has been the privilege of the workers from Bethany to 
assist in the Gospel Loop Mission from the beginning. For 
several years we have been supplying the workers on Sun- 
(Continued on Page 23) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 


D'.rcctca by M. K. Zigicr. Kxccutivc Secretary; Rufus D. Bowman, 
Dirtctor oi AJult Education; R. K, Mohlcr, Secretary of Men's Work; 
Mrs. Ross D. Murphy and Anctta Mow. Women's Work; Dan West, 
Director of Young Tivp's * Work; Raymond R. Peters, Chairman of 
Intermediate Committee; Ruth Shriver, Director of Children's Work; 
H. Spenser Minnich. Secretary of Christian Finance; Ross D. Murphy, 
representing the Pastoral Association; Ruth C. Solknberger, Office 


The Unified Service in the Fresno Church 

On the first .Sunday in October tlie Fresno congregation, 
under the leadership of Pastor B. F. W'aas, inaugurated for 
a trial period of three months a unified program for the 
Sunday morning service. Previous to that time we had been 
following the traditional plan — Sunday-school at 9:45 and 
preaching at 11:00. The Board of Christian Education, be- 
lieving in the possibility of improvement in our churcli pro- 
gram, investigated the advantages of what has been desig- 
nated as the unified church program. Convinced of the ad- 
vantages of this program, the board recommended a trial. 
The church is now closing the three-month trial period. 

At the December business meeting the church voted to 
continue for an indefinite period the new type of service. 
At that meeting the opinions expressed were practically un- 
animous in praise of the unified program. 

Under our new arrangement instead of having as hereto- 
fore two worship services — one at the opening of Sunday- 
school, and another at the beginning of the church service — 
the whole worship program is concentrated in one service 
beginning at 10:00 A. M. This worship service usually 
last about thirty or thirty-five minutes, followed by the 
sermon. At the conclusion of the sermon, ordinarily at 
11:00, the various church school classes convene quietly 
during the playing of the voluntary. The classes remain in 
session for forty-five minutes, each class closing with its 
own devotional service. The whole morning program is thus 
shortened about twenty-five minutes and services close 
promptly at 11 : SO. 

W'c have observed some very definite advantages in the 
unified plan. Although some churches which have the uni- 
fied plan report an increase in church attendance, our chief 
increase in attendance has come in the church school. The 
church auditorium is filled usually to capacity at every 
service. Our problem has become one of expansion. 

Furthermore, a detracting feature of the traditional serv- 
ice has been eliminated. Formerly, the period between the 
dismissal of the Sunday-school classes and the beginning of 
the church service was full of confusion. The dispersal of 
classes opened opportunity for conversation among the 
adults and noisy relaxation among the children. The spirit 
of worship was not easily attained because of this inter- 
mission and its disturbing influence. Now the congregation 
gathers quietly for the worship and sermon period, passes 
quietly and reverently to the classes, and dismisses at the 
close of this class period to enter very logically into the 
social period which usually follows the dismissal of a Breth- 
ren congregation. 

A further beneficial result is the avoidance of duplication 
in the worship service. Families are encouraged to sit in 
family groups during the worship and church service. We 
believe that this family emphasis will have a genuine edu- 

cational cfTcct particularly among the children. There is a 
.i^rcator opportunity for the growth of church conscious- 
ness as opposed to merely Sunday-school consciousness. The 
child needs to acquire the feeling of belonging in the total 
church program. 

Growing directly from this unified program we expect the 
eventual adoption of the unified budget. The children may 
thus acquire the habit of contributing to the support of the 
church program rather than to merely one phase of it as in 
the ordinary set-up. 

Our new service is not fully worked out in Fresno. There 
are adjustments and adaptations to the local situation still 
to be made, but our experience has shown us the genuine 
advantages of the unified service. We recommend its adop- 
tion in other churches. 

J. E. Jones, Chairman, 

Board of Christian Education, 

Fresno Church of the Brethren. 

Note: If there are other churches that use the unified service plan in 
the Sunday morning service, please write a brief description of your 
plan and send it to M. R. Zigler, Elgin, Illinois, 


On the Matter of Reading 

In an article entitled "The Trouble with Patients," by Julian 
Brandeis, a doctor, he says: "It is hard to be sure of an- 
other's equipment, but when a man rarely opens a medical 
book or magazine, nor enters a hospital dispensary or sci- 
entific meeting after the day of his graduation, it is fair to 
presume that he lacks certain qualifications that go to make 
up a competent physician." 

It is true that not all people who do much reading are 
great leaders; it is equally true that there are no great lead- 
ers who do not read. John Wesley lived with his books; 
Jesus was a Master of the literature of ages gone before. 

The world of the printed page is open to everyone; it 
opens the whole world of things and people. To Emily 
Dickinson we are grateful for summing it up: 

"He ate and drank the precious words, 

His spirit grew robust; 
He knew no more that he was poor. 

Nor that his frame was dust. 
He danced along the dingy ways, 

And this bequest of wings 
Was but a book; what liberty 

A loosened spirit brings!" 


The Family Altar 

Psa. 103 

February 10 

1. Should Be Erected in Every New Home 

a. It gives permanence to the great new joy of the young 
home makers (1 John 4: 7, 8). 

b. It maintains in each a respect for the other. 

c. It makes God a partner in their union. God holds hus- 
band and wife together (Matt. 19: 6). 

(1. Along with love, let worship be one of the foundation 
stones on which a home is built. 

2. Should Be Maintained for the Sake of the Children 

(Sec Rufus 1^ Bucher in Messenger for Oct. 6, 1934.) 
a. For religious instruction (Deut. 4: 9, 10). 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 


b. To set an example (1 Tim. 4: 12). 

c. To give the children a conception of God's nearness 
and love (1 John 3: 1). 

d. To teach the children to pray (Luke 11: 1). 

(See J. Quinter Miller in Messenger for Oct. 6, 1934.) 

e. To make religion paramount in everyday Hfe (Matt. 6: 

f. The family altar should be so maintained that in later 
years it will be one of the sweet memories of the child- 
hood home (Prov. 22: 6). : 

3. Th^ Family Altar Is a Comfort in Age 

a. It helps to keep love bright. 

b. It relieves loneliness (John 14: 1). 

c. It keeps hope of heaven before us (John 14: 2, 3). 


Bibliography on the Munitions Question 


Engelbrecht— Merchants of Death 
Engelbrecht— One Hell of a Business 


Glossary of armament terms— Cong Digest 13: 265 N '34 

Letting the DuPonts off too easy— Christian Cent 51: 1349 O 24 '34 

One hell of a business— Christian Cent 51:1317 O 17 '34 

Should governments exercise direct control of munitions industries? 

With pro and con arguments, and glossary of armament terms— Cong 

Digest 13:257-84 N '34 
Uncle Sam, bad neighbor— Christian Cent 51: 1340-2 O 24 '34 
Washington arms inquiry— Cur Hist 41:200-2 N '34 
Yellow journalism in the senate— Cong Digest 13:279 N '34 
War is a racket — Forum 92: 140-3 S '34 
Are the generals ready? True state of armed forces in Europe^ 

Scrib M 96: 129-37 S '34 
Arms inquiry opens— Christian Cent 51:1166-7 S 19 '34 
Arms manufacturers and the public— Foreign Affairs 12:639-53 J 1 '34 
Chaco arms embargo is still unenforced— Christian Cent 51:819, 20 

Je 20 '34 

Contracts more sacred than human life— Christian Cent 51:1012 Ag 

8 '34 
DuPont and peace— Business Week p. 31 S 15 '34 
Embargo on arms to Cuba— Lit Digest 118: 8 Jl 7 '34 
International racket in arms — R of Rs 90: 47 S '34 
Let the inquiry circle the globe— Christian Cent 51:1249 O 3 '34 
Mass murderers in person— New Repub 80: 178-80 S 26 '34 
Munitions industry under fire; senatorial investigation at Wash- 
ington—Lit Digest 118:8 S 15 '34 
Munitions revelations— New Repub 80: 144-6 S 19 '34 
One hell of a business— Christian Cent 51:1199-1201 S 36 '34 
Other people's money— New Repub 80: 212 O 3 '34 
Plight of the DuPonts; with editorial comment — Christian Cent SI: 

1227, 1234, 5 O 3 '34 

Senate committee begins munitions inquiry— Lit Digest 118: 8 S 8 '34 

Senate inquiry adds to arms-traffic dossier — Lit Digest 118: 8 S 29 '34 

War profits rerealed at senate inquiry— Lit Digest 118: 6 S 22 '34 

Armament makers' conspiracy — Christian Cent 51:1499-1501 N 29 '34 

British, Italian arms plans— Lit Digest 117: 12 F 10 '34 

Appeal to reason; arms embargoes — Foreign Affairs 11:563-6 Jl '3i 

Armament makers of Europe — New Repub 79: 32, 3 My 23 '34 

Armaments scandal— New Repub 78:353-6 My 9 '34; 79:37-9 My 23 '34 

How the arms makers work— Forum 90: 278-84 N 'iS 

Hucksters of death— New Repub 78:88-90 Mr 7 '34 

Making money from war — Christian Cent 51:635 My 9 '34 

Munitions industry in world affairs — Scrib M 94: 176-9 S '3i 

Munitions traffic— No Am 236: 64-72 Jl '3i 

Murder incorporated — New Repub 78: 298 Ap 25 '34 

Patriotism— Christian Cent 50:1411 N i '33 

Preparedness for revenue only — Christian Cent 51:308 Mr 7 '34 

Promoting war for profit — Christian Cent 51:275, 6 F 28 '34 

Slaughter for sale— Harper 168:649-59 My '34 

War makers; excerpts from address before the senate — Nat Educ 

Assn J 23: 134 My '34 

Squeezing the consumer — Cur Hist 40: 291-5 Je '34 

Debunking Mars' newest toys — Sat Eve Post 205:23 Mr 4 '34 

Military medicine men — Scrib M 93:54-6 Ja '33 

Selling disarmament short— Sat Eve Post 205-21 O 15 '33 

Work of armament firms— Christian Cent 49: 1578 D 21 '32 

Arms embargo — New Repub 74:91 Mr 8 '33 

Arms embargo, a gesture? — Lit Digest 115: S Mr 11 '33 

Arms embargo in the Far East — Christian Cent 50:349, 50 Mr 16 '33 

British arms embargo — Cur Hist 38: 125-7 Ap *33 

Mr. Hoover proposes a punch at Mars; embargo on export of arms — 
Lit Digest 115:9 Ja 28 '33 
Proposed arms embargo — Cur Hist 38:91, 2 Ap '33 
No big exports to war-makers— Lit Digest 117: 37 Mr 31 '34 
To disarm the munition-makers — Lit Digest 114:8 D 3 '32 
U. S. and the traffic in arms— Christian Cent 49: 1325 N 2 '32 
Villians of the disarmament drama— Lit Digest 114: 10 Jl 9 '32 
Peace up to people! Comedy of peace; interview with A. Einstein- 
Christian Cent 50:94 Ja 18 '33 
Arms and the smuggler — Asia 32: 174-9 Mr '32 
Munition-makers balk disarmament — Lit Digest 113: 14 Ap 23 '32 
Profits of war; war dept adjustable price contract — Nation 131:222, 3 
Ag 27 '30 
Uncle Sam refuses to arm Russia — Lit Digest 106:9 Jl 5 '30 
War embargoes planned or involuntary — New Repub 58: 29-31 F 27 '29 
Arms and the man— Outlook 140: 498 Ag 5 '25 
Arms, gas and germs at Geneva — Lit Digest 86: 12 Jl 4 '25 
Munitions investigation — Cong Digest D '34 


The Directors of the Local Churches 

You have in your possession by this time the report 
blanks for the year, March 1, 1934, to Feb. 28, 1935. If you 
will make out these reports promptly and return them to 
your district secretary you will do your part toward mak- 
ing possible the final Conference report. By prompt atten- 
tion we mean that the local reports should be returned to 
the district secretary by March 1, then the district secre- 
taries should be ready to send their reports to Anetta Mow 
at the Elgin office by April 1. Let us try to do this. 

Now as to the report blanks themselves — a special com- 
mittee and members of the National Council have given 
considerable attention to these blanks as they have de- 
veloped through the past several years. Changes and adap- 
tations have been made as deemed advisable after study and 
careful consideration of the various needs and types of 
work carried forward by our women, as they are so widely 
distributed throughout the forty-nine districts of the broth- 
erhood. Doubtless the blanks seem far from perfect to 
some of you, yet if you study them carefully you will find 
opportunity to report every phase of activity. 

If you do not find sufficient blank space, make your en- 
try in the margin or on the back of your report blank. 
Should your officers not be the same as those indicated, re- 
port them as they are. Should you have a director of Wom- 
en's Work and a cabinet or committee instead of the other 
officers, so indicate ; or if the Aid Director or the Mission- 
ary Director or the Mothers and Daughters' Director or the 
President of the Bible Class is the only officer, so state it. 

We do solicit a full and careful report. Perhaps a Wom- 
en's Bible Class or some other group of women is doing 
some very worth-while work in addition to the National 
Project ; if so, you can report it under the statement 
" Amount given to other missionary work." If there is not 
enough space indicate that your report is completed on the 
back of the blank. You should also state the name of the 
organization doing this additional work. 

Our reports ought to include all special foreign supports 
and gifts to home missions by women's groups as well as 
gifts to the home church. To be sure, only what we give to 
the National Project applies toward the $15,000 goal, but all 
other gifts if reported, may be indicated in our Conference 
report. These Conference reports have offered very inter- 
esting material for study and analysis. You are compiling 
this material now which will be followed by the work of the 
district secretaries. A little later Sister Mow and the com- 
mittee will work out the Conference report. Then it is my 
turn to study and analyze. So you see we — all — have a part 
as is true in every phase of our work. 

It has been the chief purpose and desire of the committee 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 

to keep the report blanks as simple ami practical as i)os- 
sible. yet they must be comprehensive and meet the needs 
of all. We really do gather our statistics with greater pre- 
cision and efficiency and econoni> than many oiganizations. 
For this, credit is due all who contribute. — Mrs. R. D. Mur- 


Men at Work in Northern Indiana 

A Worth-while Project for Men 

.■\t a recent mooting of the Min.isterial Association of 
Xortiiern Indiana, held at New Paris, it was decided to re- 
lieve the ministry of the responsibility of sending food con- 
tributions to Bethany Biblical Seminary, as was the case 
last year. It occurred to those placed in charge of this work 
that it would be a worth-while project for the men of the 
district to sponsor. The District Men's Work Cabinet is 
willing to accept this challenge and hopes all the inen of 
the district will rally to the cause and help put the project 

The value of the food sent by each church is credited to it 
on the Conference Budget. Last year $800 was credited to 
the churches of the district, and there is no reason why the 
churches can not do better this year. The churches have 
been grouped geographically as conveniently as possible, 
with a leader for each group. Enclosed is a list of these 
groups with their leaders and the date each is to make its 
contribution. You as the key man of your congregation are 
respo;isible to the leader of your group for getting your 
contribution ready to send. The same general plan will be 
followed as last year. 

Bro. E. S. Moyer of the seminary, who oversees the mat- 
ter of crediting the churches and returning containers, 
states that foodstuffs such as beans, carrots, turnips, apples, 
canned goods, eggs, flour, corn meal, meat and potatoes will 
be appreciated. He says, however, that not too many po- 
tatoes should be sent. 

If there are any questions pertaining to the program, com- 
municate with the secretary-treasurer, G. A. Lantz, 247 
Park Avenue, Elkhart, Ind. We feel that the men of the 
district will respond 100% and put this project over. 

A Real Treat Awaits You 

Plan now to attend the Men's Meeting at New Paris 
xhurch on Sunday afternoon, January 27. Special music will 
be featured and tentative plans are under way to secure 
President V. F. Schwalm of McPherson College as guest 
speaker. We want 400 men at this meeting. More details 

Some Suggested Project* for Men's Work 

Bethany Contributions Camp Mack Project (Quinter- 

Church Attendance Miller Auditorium) 

Peace Movement Father and Son Banquet 

Local Building Projects CRe- Special Programs, Outside 

modeling and Landscap- Talent, etc. 

ing) Pastoral -Support 

Your Local Men's Organization 

What arc you doing? Are you working on a definite proj- 
ect? Write members of the District Cabinet and to the 
President of the National Men's Organization, Professor R. 
E. Mohler, McPherson, Kans., for suggestions on organi- 
zation and projects. 

District Men's Cabinet 

President : .\llen Weldy, Mishawaka, Ind. 
Vice President : Galen Whitehead, New Paris, Ind. 
Secretary-Treasurer : G. A. Lantz, 247 Park Ave., Elk- 
hart, Ind. 

Nominating Committee 
H. O. Metzler, Wakarusa, Ind. 
Paul Cripe, Bremen, Ind. 
Grant Steel, Walkerton, Ind. 

Churches as Grouped for Collecting and Sending Bethany 


Elkhart Valley 

Leader: Burton 


er, Mid- 

Goshen City 


Maple Grove 

Date: December 


New Paris 



Cedar Lake 

West Goshen 

English Prairie 

Yellow Creek 

Florence. Mich. 



Pleasant Chapel 

Leader: Warren Miller, Bremen 

Pleasant Hill 

Date: March 15-25 

Pleasant Valley- 


Rock Run 



Camp Creek 



Mount Pleasant 



Leader: J. E. J 




Date: January 


Turkey Creek 


Union Center 



Blue River 

Fort Wayne 


New Salem 

Leader: George Heeter, R. 5, 

North Winona 

South Bend 

North Webster 

Date: April 15-25 


Buchanan, Mich. 


Michigan City 


North Liberty 

Leader: John 


, Waka- 



Oak Grove 

Date: February 


Pine Creek 


South Bend, First 

Elkhart City 

South Bend, Second 


Our Public School System in A. D. 1935 

The public school system of America has sufifered a severe 
backset and America is the loser. For a great majority of 
our children, the school is the greatest single force for good 
they know. 

And it has suffered a backset. Shortened terms, pitifully 
low teachers' salaries, inadequate supplies — all these are cut- 
ting into school efficiency. 

The public schools were standing at the threshold of a 
larger day. Adult education and a greatly strengthened 
character education program for children were both around 
the corner. But we have done something to both of them, 
and they will suffer for years to come unless we can regain 
lost ground. Much to be regretted, the average American 
school teacher is both underpaid, and often because she 
can not afford it, undertrained. 

Something can be done about it! 


" Church Work With Intermediates " 

Teachers and leaders who are interested in knowing more 
about how to work with Intermediates should read this book 
by Elizabeth M. Finn. The chapter headings are : 

" Those Intermediates " 

The Program of Instruction 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1933 


Presenting the Program 


Organized Play 

Worship Plans and Programs 

Adult Leadership 

Guidance to Leadership 

The Scope 

The Intermediate Department of the Church 
From these headings you can anticipate some of the 
things that are in the book. Every leader should read a few 
books and those working with Intermediates will find this 
book helpful. One can not read this book without feeling 
that he has a better understanding of his task and how to 
tackle it. 

This book may be borrowed from the Intermediate De- 
partment of the Loan Library, 22 South State St., Elgin, 
111., by sending ten cents for the outgoing postage. 


The Leader as a Member of the Group 

A. The Leader, as a Member of Groups Generally — Fourth 

If you were to be thoroughly honest, how would you an- 
swer these questions about yourself? 

1. How big is the world of people that you really live in ? 
How many of these are included: Home, personal friends, 
church, community, denomination, vocation, state, nation, 
the white race, the present world population, great souls of 
all ages, the unborn? 

2. Do you feel inferior as a person? If so, why? 

3. Do you have respect for those older than you? Those 
with more schooling? Those with more money? Those 
with a "higher" position than yours? 

4. Do you expect respect from young people? If so, why? 

5. Can you smile when some one gets the credit for what 
you have done ? 

6. Do you like to head up groups, or would you prefer 
that some one else appear as the leader? 

7. Do you like to be considered an executive? 

8. Do you get more " inspiration " from small groups or 
do you need crowds to keep up your morale? 

9. Does the " grass on the other side of the fence " look 
better to you? 

B. What He Wants to Do 

The strain of living now demands superior persons, and 
the future will demand more than the present. The wise 
leader will try to prepare young people to live well now 
and then. Here is a brief outline of goals for persons as in- 
dividuals : 

Able " to endure anything that can happen to them in the 
universe " because they are — 

1. Physically healthy and personally responsible for their 
health. Eager for abundant health. 

2. Mentally healthy. 

a. Habitually honest with themselves. An " eye for reali- 

b. Sensitive because they have " starved" themselves emo- 
tionally and have come through hard training. 

c. Free from worry and unnecessary muscle tension. 

d. Imaginative enough to live by the Golden Rule. 

e. Living with a sense of humor. 

f. Informed up to the limit of their chance and eager to 
learn more. Able to guide their own education. Knowing 
enough about the New Testament to use it as a guide for 

g. Building their ideals into their habit systems. 

h. Preferring to live simply, not luxuriously. 

i. Masters of machines, not slaves. Their happiness w:ill 
not depend on machines. 

j. Valuing persons more than anything else. 

k. Never satisfied with themselves, their achievements, 
nor the world in which they live. 
C. How He Goes About It 

" No man ever bathes in the same river twice." It is trite 
to say that we live in a moving world ; even then we do not 
always keep this in mind. But we more often forget it 
when it comes to seeing persons in motion. " You never 
talk to the same person twice." 

1. Estimate which persons are moving away from the 
Y. P. group ; also those who are moving nearer the group. 
Keep your estimate six months and check up to see if they 
change ; also if your guess was sound. 

2. Estimate those who will drop out of your group 
within six months; also "outsiders" who will come into it 
in that time. 

3. Estimate those who are developing a hunger and thirst 

after rightness ; also those who are drifting toward pagan 

living. Study the "losses for the kingdom" as well as the 


• ♦ ■ 


(Continued From Page 19) 

day and Wednesday evenings. Usually at least four work- 
ers go : one to have charge of the meeting — opening the 
meeting, leading devotions, and directing the testimonies ; 
one to preach; one to lead the song service; and one to ac- 
company on the piano. Groups from other schools or churches 
assist other evenings of the week, and at the noon hour each 

In this group of Christians, as in any other, we find men 
who come for the loaves or doughnuts and for a bed to sleep 
in. We find men who are insincere, and those who slip 
back into the old life. But on the other hand here are men, 
real men. Many of them had lost almost the last vestige 
of manhood or respectability; but the redeeming love of 
Christ has restored them to real manhood and Christian 
character. Their own testimonies as given in the following 
article give powerful evidence of the work of grace in men's 

Chicago, 111. Elgin S. Moyer. 


Maudie Winona Filbrun, daughter of Uriah W. and Lydia 
Garber, was born June 29, 1884, in Montgomery County,' 
Ohio, and died Dec. 7, 1934. She married Parker M. Fil- 
brun on Dec. 2, 

She with her hus- 
band united with 
the Bear Creek 
church in 1905 and 
lived in that district 
all her life. She 
showed keen inter- 
est in the church 
and when her hus- 
band was called to 
the ministry, she 
contributed in ev- 
ery possible way to 
help him, and to 
build up the church. She counted it a joy to keep the home 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 

going while he was out in school or other service. She ac- 
companied him to Bethany Bihlical Seminary and took 
training to better fit herself for work in the church school. 
Her hospitality in caring for tlie evangelists and other 
church workers was the means of endearing iicr to many in 
the brotherhood. 

She was the beginners' teacher in the Bear Creek Sunday- 
school tor many years. She had charge of the Cradle Roll. 
She was always faithful in performing Iut duties and en- 
deared herself to the children, many of whom now are 
grown and have children of their own in the class or on the 
Cradle Roll. 

She was president of the .\id Society for many years and 
was keenly interested in the Women's Work. She showed 
a great concern that it might go forward and at our last Aid 
meeting she told the officers to plan to carry on the work. 
Her faithful life and admonitions are an incentive to all to 
strive to carry on. 

^he was afflicted with cancer and had an operation early 
in the summer of 1933. Although she never fully regained 
her health, yet she was still active. 

She leaves her husband, two daughters, father, mother 
and one sister. The funeral service was conducted in the 
Bear Creek church. Brother and Sister Willis Kreider and 
Brethren Alva Richards. Frank Brower and Norman Wine 
each had a part in the services. While we feel the loss 
keenly, yet we need not mourn as those wdio have no hope. 

Dayton, Ohio. Maude Puterbaugh. 


John M. Smith, youngest child of Henry and Mary Moh- 
ier Smith, was born in Darke County, Ohio, April 11, 1853, 
and passed to his rest Dec. 13, 1934, at the age of 81 years, 

8 months and 2 days. 

Qn Jan. 23, 1873, he was 
married to Ella Gibbons. To 
this union five children were 
born, two of whom, Dr. L. G. 

*r^r^ j^f ^^ *— ■; of Mandan, N. Dak., and 

" ■ " Owen B. of Woodland, sur- 


On Aug. 2, 1894, he was 
ijcreft of his loving com- 

On Dec. 5, 1895, he was 
married^ to Sarah Wonner, 
(if Bradford, Ohio, who with 
the two sons and six grand- 
children, survive. 
Bro. Smith moved to Michigan in July, 1873, and settled 
in the South Woodland church territory. Except for a few 
months' residence in Missouri, he had lived in this church 
continuously since coming to Michigan. 

As a young man while still living in Ohio, he united with 
the Church of the Brethren. He lived a faithful mem- 
ber all his life and served his Lord through the church 
in many ways. He was always interested in any movement 
which seemed to give promise of advancement, being inter- 
ested in the first efforts to establish a Sunday-school in his 
local church. 

About fifty years ago he was called to the Christian min- 
i.'try and a number of years later he was advanced to the 
eldership. Both in his pulpit work and as an elder he 
served the church in a very efficient way. During the later 
years of his active work the change from a free to a sup- 

ported ministry came in his local church. He accepted the 
change in a beautiful Christian spirit and gave his support 
and encouragement to the younger man upon whose shoul- 
ders the responsibility fell. 

Bro. Smith was often called upon to officiate at weddings 
and funerals outside and inside the church fellowship. He 
had served as district evangelist, on the District Mission 
and Ministerial Boards, as moderator of district confer- 
ence, and as member of Standing Committee to Annual Con- 

The funeral was held in the South Woodland church on 
Dec. 16, and his remains laid to rest in the Woodland ceme- 
tery beside his first wife. One of the largest crowds that 
ever gathered at a funeral in Woodland township came to 
pay tribute to the high esteem in ^fhich he was held in the 
community which he had served for so many years. It may 
be truly said of " Uncle John " (as he was popularly called 
in the community) that he came to his grave in a full age. 

Funeral services were in charge of the writer, assisted by 
Elders C. L. Wilkins, Roy J. McRoberts, D. P. Schechter, 
and Rev. F. C. Wing of the Christian church. 

Woodland, Mich. Harley V. Townsend. 


Isaac L. Shultz, son of Samuel and Nancy Paul Sliultz, was born in 
a little log cabin in Lancaster townsbip, Huntington County, Indiana, 
on March 14, 1852. He died at his home in Lancaster, Dec. 18, 1934, 
aged 82 years, 9 months, and 4 days. With the exception of a few 
years spent in Rockcreek and Salamonie townships, he lived in Lan- 
caster township. 

On Feb. 10, 1877, he was married to Elizabeth Ulrich who preceded 
him in death at Easter time in 1930. To this union six children were 
born. Jesse, Nancy and Homer died in infancy. Three survive their 
father: Mrs. Mary E. Bolinger of Wenatchee, .Washington; Lawrence 
W. of North Manchester; and Herman I. of Lancaster. There are six- 
teen grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren. The great-grand- 
children all live in New Mexico and Washington. 

At six years of age he attended his first term of school in a hewed 
log schoolhouse near his father's home. This school was taught by 
Samuel Funderburg. He continued his school work in the grades until 
he arrived at the age of eighteen, when he attended a winter term in 
Huntington in the Rural Home Building which was under the control 
of the Baptist Church. The next fall he attended a term of six weeks 
in a school at Bluffton, Ind., taught by S. F. Reeffce. 

Tliis amount of schooling enabled him to begin the profession of 
teaching which he followed for thirty-one years, farming during the 

He attended several training classes while teaching and by dint of 
hard study, he attained to some degree of proficiency in his chosen 

At the age of seventeen he united with the Church of the Brethren 
in which he served a long time as trustee and deacon. He was much 
devoted to his church for many years in which he served as chorister, 
teacher and superintendent of Sunday-school. He was conscientious 
in what he thought to be right in church and secular work and by so 
doing he incurred the enmity of a few people. 

Politically he was a Temperance Democrat and was sought after a 
number of times to serve bis party in some official capacity, but this 
he generally declined. 

In later years he served the Lancaster Cemetery Association as 
secretary-treasurer and saw the endowment fund grow from six hun- 
dred and fifty dollars to over five thousand dollars. This was the 
growth between August, 1907, to September, 1921. 

Funeral services were held at the Salamonie (Lancaster) Church of 
the Brethren on Dec. 20, 1934, with Elders H. L. Hartsough and W. C. 
Stiru'baugh in charge. 

(Most o( the above lines were found in my father's own handwrit- 

North Manchester, Ind. L. W. Shultz. 


With the passing of Mrs. Aldus Sides the Mechanic Grove Church 
of the Brethren turns another page in the memory book of its history. 
She was our oldest member in terms of years, and yet her spirit was 
refreshingly young. Our youth had no greater friend; our parenthood 
had no more solicitous personality inquiring kindly about the welfare 
of the family; and the aged had no more sympathetic associate. We 
will all miss her. 

The influence of a life such as hers will never be rewarded in this 
world as it should be, except in the abundant production of good 
deeds that shall appear and grow from the lives she touched in her 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26. 1935 


quiet, unassuming way. Her name did not oftea appear in the paper, 
nor was it often acclaimed from the public platform, but it will be 
remembered and cherished by those who knew her. Those she knew 
will be challenged to nobler heights; they will tread steeper paths un- 
complainingly; and they will reach farther in their ministering to 
human needs because of her life. ^ 

No minister ever spoke before a more sympathetic soul. I shall 
always owe Mother Sides a great deal for her kindnesses to me after 
listening to sermons that seemed mighty weak and entirely colorless, 
until she voiced her sincere appreciation for the effort. Just to know 
that Mother Sides was in the audience challenged one to his very 
best. How good to have had her with us all these years I 

This is my word of appreciation for a great soul that has dwelt 
among us and now has gone on. 

"There are loyal hearts, there are spirits brave. 
There are souls that are pure and true, 
Then give to the world the best that you have . . ." 

Quarryville, Pa. 

Caleb White Bucher. 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a. three months' Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

MuUenix-Cromwell. — By the undersigned at his home, Dec. 15, 1934, 
Bro. Roscoe MuIIenix and Sister Anna Cromwell, both of Arcanum, 
Ohio.— Glenn Rust, West Manchester, Ohio. 

McCune-Fislier. — Bro. Angus Burnett McCune, Irricana, Alberta, and 
Sister Phyllis Hazel Fisher, Vulcan, Alberta, at the parsonage in 
Arrowwood by the undersigned, on Dec. 31, 1934. — John Wieand, Ar- 
rowwood. Alberta, Canada. 

May-Heckamen. — Bro. Amos May and Miss Mary Heckamen at my 
home on Dec. 23, 1934.— Lee R. Cory, Milford, Ind. 

HoUopeter-Smith.— By the undersigned at his residence, Jan. 4, 1935, 
Merrill G. Hollopeter, of Rockton, Pa., and Isabel Irene Smith, of 
DuBois, Pa.— J. P. Hollopeter, Rockton, Pa. 

Carr-Studebaker.- By the undersigned at the parsonage, Dec. 22, 
1934, Bro. Forrest Carr of Hartford City, Ind., and Sister Tillie Stude- 
baker of Montpelier, Ind.— Roy B. Teach, Huntington, Ind. 

Lee- Bollinger.— By the undersigned, Dec. 22, 1934, at Brookside Place 
near Westminster, Md., Mr. Leo L, Lee of Warfieldsburg, Md., and 
Sister Viola C. Bollinger of Hollow Rock near Westminster, Md. — 
Wm. E. Roop, Westminster, Md. 

Rinehart-Roop.— By the undersigned, Dec. 25, 1934, at the home of 
the bride's parents, Mr. 'Carroll Sherwood Rinehart of Union Bridge, 
Md., and Sister Ruth Anna Roop of Roop's Mills near Westminster, 
Md. — Wm. E. Roop, Westminster, Md. 


Baker, Lovina, died at the Old Folks' Home in Fostoria, Dec. 10, 
1934. She was born in Wyandot County, Ohio, Jan. 7, 1861. She had 
been a member of the Church of the Brethren for a number of years. 
Services by the undersigned and burial in the Union cemetery in 
Wyandot County.— J. S. De Jean, Nevada, Ohio. 

Bamhizer, Mary Elizabeth Royer, born May 28, 1860, near Mifflin- 
burg. Pa., died at Mt. Morris, III., Jan. 6, 1935. She was one of the 
pioneers of Illinois and Nebraska. She married Samuel Barnhizer in 
1876 who preceded her in 1899. Soon after their marriage they united 
with the Church of the Brethren to which she was faithful. She is 
survived by two of their three children. Funeral services by the 
writer in the Mt. Morris church.— F. E. McCune, Mt. Morris, III. 

Corbett, Bro. James E., was born Nov. 29, 1906, at Longmont, Colo., 
and fell asleep Dec. 29, 1934, aged 28 years and 1 month. Oct. 16, 1927, 
he was united in marriage with Marguerite Teter and to this union 
were born two children who with the widow survive. He accepted 
Christ as Savior and united with the Church of the Brethren Sept. 19, 
1928, and fell asleep trusting in his Savior. Funeral services were con- 
ducted by Bro. Edgar Rothrock, assisted by the writer. Interment in 
Fairhaven cemetery.— Fred A. Flora, Santa Ana, Calif. 

Crumbacker, Daniel J., born Feb. 20, 1849, died Nov. 12, 1934, at the 
home of his son, Marshall Crumbacker, near New Windsor, Md., 
aged 85 years. March 24, 1870, he married Anna Barbara Greenwood 
who died last year. He is survived by eight children and a large num- 
ber of grandchildren. He was a faithful member of the Church of the 
Brethren. Funeral services at Pipe Creek church by Eld. J. J. John. 
Interment in the adjoining cemetery.— Mrs. H. Paul Hull, Linwood, Md. 

Eldridge^ John D., died Dec. 29, 1934, at St. Mary's hospital, aged 56 
years. He is survived by his wife, one brother and one sister. He 
was born near Dutton, Mich. He was of an industrious and cheerful 

disposition. Services by the undersigned and interment in Grandville 
cemetery.— Van B. Wright, Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Fleooings, Jacob G., died Dec. 28, 1934, at his home in Royersford, Pa., 
at the age of 82 years, 6 months and 5 days. He had been in poor 
health for a number of years. Although a number of his children and 
grandchildren attend services in the Church of the Brethren, the «le- 
ceased bad been a member in the M. E. church of Spring City. Funeral 
services conducted by the writer in the home, and interment in East 
Vincent cemetery, Chester County. — Q. A. Holsopple, Royersford, Pa. 

Carver, Bro. G. Guy, son of the late Adam and Susette Rinehart 
Garver, died at his home near Unionville, Md., on Jan. 4, 1935, aged SO 
years. He is survived by his wife, four daughters, three sons, four 
sisters and three brothers. Funeral services in Locust Grove church 
by Eld. Wm. Baker and D. E. Klein. Interment in adjoining ceme- 
tery.— Bessie R. Pnrdum, Mt. Airy, Md. 

HoIIinger, Sarah Elizabeth, wife of E. S. Hollinger, died at their 
home near Hollansburg, Ohio, on Dec. 5, 1934. Although she had al- 
ways seemed frail, she had been in fair health until two weeks before 
her death. For nearly twenty-five years she had graced this Chris- 
tian home with her cheerful encouragement and inspiring presence. As 
the wife of a minister and elder she served her church well. She will 
long be remembered for her regular attendance at all church appoint- 
ments and for her faithful service as teacher in the Sunday- school. 
Daughter of Emanuel and Elizabeth Wandle of Castine, Ohio, she was 
the fifth child of a family of eleven, until now unbroken by death. The 
members of this group, together with the husband, a son, and a daugh- 
ter, mourn their first great loss. Although her span of years was not 
long, nearly fifty-two, she lived in a large measure the abundant life 
as Christian woman, minister's wife, mother, and church worker. Fu- 
neral services were conducted by Eld. S. A. Blessing at the home and 
at Beech Grove church. — Wm. M. Hollinger, Trotwood, Ohio. 

Hudson, Joel M., son of Mr. and Mrs. John Hudson, born in Appa- 
noose County, Iowa, March 20, 1855, died at his home in Wiley, Colo., 
Dec. 10, 1934. He married Ida M. Rollins Feb. 14, 1882. In 1887 the 
family moved to Scott County, Kans., where for seventeen years they 
had all the experiences of the early pioneers. Bro. Hudson united with 
the Church of the Brethren many years ago and had ever been faithful 
to his church. He assisted in the building of the church which stands 
at Friend, Kans. In 1904 he moved to Colorado. He also helped build 
the church which is now in Wiley. He served his church as trustee for 
a number of years and at the time of his death was an honorary 
member of the executive board. He leaves his wife, two children, five 
grandchildren, three brothers and three sisters. Funeral services by 
his pastor, Chas. Dumond, assisted by Rev, E. C. Eppert. Interment 
in the Wiley cemetery. — Naomi E. Fasnacht, Wiley, Colo. 

Martin, Quintin, youngest child of Noah L. and Sister Nettie Martin, 
born Feb. 4, 1919, died Dec. 9, 1934. Dec. 4 he was struck by a falling 
limb, causing a brain injury. In September, 1931, he was baptized into 
the Church of the Brethren. He is missed in Sunday-school as well as 
in the young people's work where he took an active part. He leaves 
his parents, two brothers and four sisters. Funeral services at Pleas- 
ant Hill church by Brethren A. N. Hylton and Hampton Marshall. In- 
terment in the church cemetery. — Mrs. Ava M. Cannady, Willis, Va. 

Miller, Mary Anne, daughter of Othaniel and Mary Niccum, born in 
Darke County, Ohio, April 8, 1844, died Dec. 21, 1934, at the home of 
a son, Frank, in Delaware County, Ind. She came with her parents 
to Indiana when a small child. Dee. 21, 1867, she married David Miller 
who preceded her more than fourteen years ago. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren soon after her marriage and was faithful until 
death. She leaves two sons, sixteen grandchildren and fifteen great- 
grandchildren, the husband, one son and one daughter having pre- 
ceded her. Funeral services at the Union Grove church by the under- 
signed and I. E. Weaver. — J. Andrew Miller, Muncie, Ind. 

Mock, Harry, born July 3, 1888, died Nov. 25, 1934. He was in the 
Old Folks' Home at Scalp Level, Pa., for the past few years. His 
mother died many years ago. He is survived by three children, his 
father, stepmother, sister, two half sisters and two half brothers. He 
was a member of the Church of the Brethren for a number of years. 
Funeral services in the Rummel church by the pastor, Bro. Galen B. 
Blough. Interment in Ogletown cemetery. — Mrs. Warren Hoover, 
Windber, Pa. 

Moore, Sister Elisabeth, one of the eleven children of Levi and Mar- 
garet Beard, was born Oct. 1, 1846, and died in the home of her daugh- 
ter near Mt. Sidney, Va., Dec. 3, 1934, at the age of 88 years. She 
spent her entire life in Augusta County. September, 1867, she was mar- 
ried to James Moore, who preceded her more than twenty years ago. 
In their home ten children grew to maturity. A son and a daughter 
preceded their mother to the grave a few years ago. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren at an early age and lived a beautiful Chris- 
tian life until the end. Although, because of affliction, she had not been 
able to attend public worship for several years, her faith remained 
steadfast, and she found great joy in having religious service with 
brethren and sisters in her home. She is survived by one sister, one 
brother, four sons, four daughters, and a large number of grandchil- 
dren and great-grandchildren. Funeral services in the Middle River 
church were conducted by B. B. Garber and B. W. Huflf. Interment in 
the adjoining cemetery.— Mrs. Florence Showalter, Mt. Sidney, Va. 

Perry, Sarah Ann, born in St. Joseph County, Ind., July 18, 1845, 
died as the result of a broken hip, Dec. 1, 1934. She married Oliver 
H. Perry in 1867. Seven children were born to them, three of whom 
together with her husband preceded her. She united with the Church 
of the Brethren many years ago and was faithful and active until her 
death. She leaves one son, three daughters, one sister, fifteen grand- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26. 1935 

children and twcnty-scvcn gicat-gr.indchildrcn. Funeral services ^y 
her ivistor.— C. Cripc. Bremen. Ind. 

Prirst, Hannah Marilla, daughter oi Solomon and Mary Ann Work- 
man, died at her home near Loudonville. Ohio, Dec. 19. W.U. at the 
aRc •.■<i nearly S4 years. In 1SS,5 she was married to William Triest 
«hv> preceded her in death by a number o{ years. She is survived by a 
son. a stepdaughter, seven grandchildren and six greatgrandchildren; 
also by two brothers. David and Eld. C. J. Workman. She had been 
a laithtul member of the Church ol the brethren for fifty -si.\ years. 
Funeral services at the home, conducted by the writer and burial in 
tile rium Run cemetery — 0. W. Phillips, Danville, Ohio. 

Rairisti, Sister Mary K., age 71 years, died at her home in Gipsy. 
IVc. 27, 19.>-». In early life she united with the Church of the Brethren 
.'.nd lived faithful till the end. Death was due to paralysis; she was 
conlincd to her bed for nearly two years but was patient during her 
long illness. Her husband, two daughters and one son preceded her. 
She is survived by two sons, three daughters, twenty-six grandchil- 
dren, forty-eight great-grandchildren, two great-great-grandchildren, 
one sister and two half sisters. Services in Montgomery church by 
her pastor, E. .•\. Edwards, and Ivan Fetterman. Interment in the 
church cemetery. — Mrs. Annie Walker, Rochester Mills, Pa. 

Replo^, I'rbana E., of Woodbury, was born at I.oysburg. Oct. 9. 
".Sr<.l. and passed away Dec. JO. 193-). He had been an active member of 
the Church of the Brethren for the past fifteen years, and was at the 
time of his death one of the trustees of the New Enterprise church. 
In failing health for the past few years, death was due to a complica- 
tion of asthma, heart trouble and influenza. His wife, one son and his 
wife survive and are all interested in the work of the church. Funeral 
services at Waterside, conducted by Eld. G. E. Yoder and the writer. — 
D. O. Cottrell. New Enterprise. I'a. 

Ross, Mrs. Bessie Stump, of Hollidaysburg. died at a hospital on 
Dec. JV. 19.W, of a complication of diseases. She was born on May 19. 
I9<M, and was baptized when she was young. She married Adrian Ross 
on March 25. 1924. She is survived by her father, three brothers, five 
sisters, her husband and three children. Funeral services at the 
church by Bro. P. J. Byer. Interment in the Presbyterian cemetery. 
—Wesley Brubaker, HoUidaysburg, Pa. 

Royer, Jacob B.. born July 2. 1871. near Myerstown, Pa., died at 
Wichita. Kans.. Dec. 26. 1934. His early years were spent on the old 
homestead where lour generations of Royers have lived. In 1888 he 
Vnarried Elizabeth Nye who died July 27, 1898; to this union five chil- 
dren were born. After the death of his wife he moved to Chicago 
wh< re he lived for about a year, coming to Kansas in 1903, In 1905 he 
united with the Church of the Brethren. Sept. 9, 1905, he married 
Mary Hertzler Cramer who preceded him several years ago. He "was 
a resident of Wichita for over twenty-five years. During this time he 
had maintained his membership in the church of his choice, holding 
an official position for a number of years. He leaves four sons, three 
."listers and one brother. Services by the undersigned and interment 
in the Royer cemetery near Newton. — James H. Elrod. Wichita. Kans. 

Seese, Albert, born Oct. 12. 1918. died in the hospital, Johnstown, Pa., 
of typbtiid fever, Dec. 26, 1934. His father preceded him to the grave. 
He is survived by his mother, who also has typhoid fever, one brother 
and two sisters. Funeral services by the pastor. Bro. Galen R. Plough. 
Burial in Bcrkey cemetery. — Mrs. Warren Hoover, Windber, Pa. 

Shisler, Bro. Henry B.. died at his home at Harleysville. Montgomery 
County. Pa., on Nov. 11. 1934. after an illness of five days with pneu- 
monia, aged 74 years, 9 months and II days. The deceased was a 
faithful member of the Indian Creek Church of the Brethren for many 
years, always interested in the activities of the church and a regular 
attendant at its services. He is survived by his widow, four daughters, 
two sons, one sister and one brother. The funeral services, which were 
very largely attended, as Bro. Shisler had resided in this section all 
his life, were held in the Indian Creek church with the home ministers 
in charge. Interment in adjoining cemetery. — Mathias P. I.andis, Vern- 
f^cld. Pa. 

Sides, Catharine Elizabeth, born Nov. 19, 1850, died Oct. 28. 1934. She 
is survived by her husband, two sons, three daughters and a number 
of grandchildren. Two sons preceded her. She is sadly missed in the 
church, home and community, but her beautiful Christian life lives 
on. Services in the New Providence Mcnnonite church by Bro. Rufus 
Buch'-r.— Martha Buchcr, Quarryville. Pa. 

SoUenberger, Elizabeth, daughter of David and Mary (Hoover) Brum- 
baugh, was l>orn near Roaring Spring, Pa., May 11, 1862, and died at 
the home of her son in Williamsburg, Nov. 21, 1934. She was a faith- 
ful, active member of the Church of the Brethren for almost sixty 
years, serving for many years as the wife of a deacon. She was united 
in marriage Oct. 2, 1884, with .'\ndrew S. Sollenbergcr, who died in 
April, 1932. Also one daughter and one son preceded her to the grave. 
She is survived by three s'jns: Nelson D.. David K., and Alvin B.. 
and four daughtcr.s: Mary, Katy. Mrs. Thomas Allison and Mrs. 
Ernest Hetrick. all of Williamsburg. Also surviving are sixteen 
grandchildren, two great-grandchildren and four brothers: Martin H. 
and David H. of Williamsburg, R> uben H. of Almont and Eli H. of 
Hartfield. Ohio. She will be remembered as a virtuous woman, caring 
well for her household and making many beautiful 'luilts and rugs. 
Funeral services were conducted in the Fairview Church of the Breth- 
r-^n by Brethren I. B. Kcnsinger and Ernest A. Brumbaugh, assisted by 
P. J. Byer. Interment in the Shelly- Fairview cemetery. — Mrs. Ernest 
A. Brumbaugh, Williamsburg, Pa. 

Sp«hr, Sister Rosa Emma, born Jan. 15, 1872, died in her home near 
.New Oxford, Dec. 5, 1934. She was a member of the Church of thr 

Brethren which faith she held until death. She is survived by her 
liusband, one foster daughter, two brothers and one sister. Funeral 
services at the Mumnurt meetinghouse by Brethren S. S. Miller and 
Paul Miller. Interment in the adjoining cemetery.— Bertha E. Hull, 
East Berlin, Pa. 

Spangler, Sister Annie Elizabeth (SoUenberger), wife of Bro. Ed- 
ward Spangler, died at her home, Hagerstown, Md., of paralysis. She 
was aged 68 years, 3 months and 15 days. She and Bro. Spangler 
were elected to the deacon's office in the Falling Spring congregation 
many years ago where she served faithfully as long as health per- 
mitted. She lived a quiet. Christian life. She is survived by her hus- 
band, two sons and two daughters. Funeral services were conducted 
in the Grindstone Hill church by Bro. Samuel Gearhart, assisted by 
Bro. A. B. Miller. Burial in the cemetery adjoining. — Grace E. Smith, 
Waynesboro, Pa. 

Spurgeon, Minnie M., wife of Eld. J. B. Spurgeon, born near Mt. 
Morris. III., Feb. 1, 1864, died at her home near Adel, Iowa, Oct. 27, 
1934. She was the daughter of Daniel and S.irah Stover. She attended 
Mt. Morris College and taught school in Ogle County, 111., also in 
Dallas County, Iowa. She joined the Church of the Brethren in 1886. 
She married J. B. Spurgeon in January, 1887. She and her husband 
pioneered at Quinter, Kans., for five and a half years. She was the 
mother of seven children, two of whom died in infancy. She is sur- 
vived by her husband, two sons and three daughters. For the past 
forty years she worked faithfully with her husband in the Panther 
Creek church where he was elder for so many years. Funeral serv- 
ices by Bro. O. F. Shaw, assisted by O. E. Messamer, at the Panther 
Creek church. Burial in the cemetery near by. — Edith Bentall Gnagey. 
Adel, Iowa. • 

Strayer, Mrs. R. F., died May 6, 1934, in Pittsburgh, aged 77 years. 
She was the wife of Dr. R. F. Strayer, Pittsburgh. Her body was 
cremated and Aug. 26 services were conducted by Eld. J. J. Bowser, 
assisted by Eld. M. A. Jacobs. Burial in Greenmount cemetery.— 
Florence L. Keeney, York, Pa. 

Stuart, Sister Jemima (Eberly). born in Hancock County, Ohio, 
June 30, 1853, died Nov. 25, 1934. at the home of her daughter, Grace 
McClung, Collins, Mo. She married Robert Stuart Nov. 22, 1877, who 
preceded her about three years ago. She is survived by three chil- 
dren, ten grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. She gave her 
heart to the Lord early in life and remained true and faithful to the 
end. She was anointed two weeks before her death. Funeral serv- 
ices at the church by Eld. Abel Killingsworth, assisted by the writer. 
Interment in Oak Grove cemetery. — Sam Beeghly, Collins, Mo. 

TaUielm, Sister Sarah E. (Kriner), widow of Bro. Jacob Talhelm, died 
at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Clark McDowell, near Greencastle, 
Pa., of complications. She was aged 78 years. Bro. Talhelm preceded 
her in death in February, 1933. Eight children and five brothers sur- 
vive. She united with the church in early life and remained faithful 
to the end. Funeral services were held in the Brown's Mill house, con- 
ducted by Bro. Samuel Gearhart, assisted by Bro. Welty Smith. Bur- 
ial in the adjoining cemetery.— Grace E. Smith, W^ayncsboro, Pa. 

Uimbel, F. Thurman, son of Isaac M. and Mary C. Umbel, born 
April 29, 1864, at Asher Glade, Md., died at the home of his daughter, 
Mrs. Russell Laraway. Pittsburgh, Pa., Dec. 12, 1934. He spent his 
entire life on the home farm. He married Josie Stuck Feb. 22, 1891, 
who preceded him six years ago. At an early age he united with the 
Church of the Brethren and lived a consistent and devoted Christian 
life. He served as trustee of the Asher Glade church for over thirty- 
seven years. He was anointed on Dec. 10. He is survived by one 
son and one daughter, three grandchildren and two sisters. Funeral 
services in the Asher Glade church by Bro. Calvin Wolfe, assisted 
by Bro. Geo. W. Van Sickle. Burial in the cemetery near by. — Roy 
W. Umbel. Selbysport, Md. 

Vance, Owen Edward, son of John and Catharine (Long) Vance, born 
in Elkhart County, Ind., July 22, 1865, died Dec. 20, 1934. He married 
Lovina Weaver March 11, 1888. He united with the Brethren Church 
twenty years ago, attending church at the Maple Grove house, always 
faithful in his Master's service. He leaves his wife, three children, 
ileven grandchildren and one brother. Funeral services in the Maple 
Grove church by the undersigned, assisted by John Frederick. Burial 
in adjoining cemetery. — Wm. Brubaker, Wakarusa, Ind. 

Willard, Ellen B., daughter of Joseph and Catharine Bitting, born 
Dec. 3, 1864, died Dec. 15, 1934. She married Lombard E. Willard 
March 17, 1892, who preceded her in death. Early in life she united 
with the Merriam Christian church. On Aug. 8, 1926, she was bap- 
tized into the Church of the Brethren at Blue River where she wor- 
shiped since. Her life was given to the care and relief of suffering 
humanity; for many years she did nursing. She leaves one son, one 
grandson, one sister and one brother. Funeral services in the Blue 
River church by the writer, assisted by Rev. France of the Christian 
church. Interment in the Chappie cemetery.— L. U. Kreider, Columbia 
City, Ind. 

Ziegler, Sarah Brown, wife of John Ziegler, born Oct. 9, 1868, died 
Nov. 29, 19!4, age 66 years. She was a faithful member of the church, 
a very active worker in the Aid Society, a kind and loving mother. 
.She is survived by her husband, who has been a deacon in the church 
for many years, five sons and a daughter, who did all she could to 
make it pleasant and comfortable for her during the months of sick- 
ness. i'"uneral services were held at the Mingo church by Eld. J. N. 
Cassel, assisted by Bro. S. H. Hess and Bro. Ralph Jones. Interment in 
the adjoining cemetery.— Carrie K. Hoffman, Collegeville, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 




Fruitdale church met in council Dec. 14. Three members were re- 
ceived by letter, one being a minister. Dec. 21 we had our communion 
service with Eld. G. W. Petcher in charge. A goodly number of mem- 
bers surrounded the Lord's table. On Dec. 25 Bro. Petcher was taken 
to the hospital where he underwent an operation for appendicitis; at 
present he is getting along nicely.— Mrs. J. H. Bashor, Fruitdale, Ala., 
Jan. 8. 


Belvedere. — During the month of December the fathers and sons 
joined in a barbecue supper in the annex. About eighty were present. 
Bro. Ackley, pastor of Calvary church, gave an address. Church offi- 
cers were elected at the last council. Bro. Steinour was retained as 
pastor and elder. We decided to try out the unified service plan for 
church and Sunday-school beginning Jan. 6. At the close of the pas- 
tor's message on Dec. 23 a mother and son gave their hearts to the 
Savior. Several others were baptized recently. The same evening the 
church and Sunday-school combined in rendering a pleasing Christmas 
program. — Mrs. John H. Wolfe, Los Angeles, CaUf., Jan. 5. 

Covina. — In the absence of our pastor. Brethren Edgar Rothrock and 
Paul Mohler were our pulpit guests the past quarter. Nov. 18 a 
spiritual feast was enjoyed, presided over by Bro. S. W. Funk. Sev- 
enty men and boys of the church were served a banquet on Nov. 19. 
Mr. Hughes, who has charge of a camp in San Gabriel canyon for the 
delinquent boys of Judge Blake's court, told of his work. This camp 
is the first of its kind in the United States. Delinquent boys are taken 
there, put on their honor and helped in every way to a better life. 
One of the boys who is a leader also spoke. A large percentage of the 
boys is making good. The Women's Work of our church is fully 
organized with Mrs. Ida Fesler, director. At our quarterly council 
Jan. 2 a committee of five was chosen to plan for our fiftieth anniver- 
sary in June. The church officers for the year were elected. All de- 
partments reported work progressing nicely. By each member having 
a goal, we were able to come through the year with a financial bal- 
ance. Mrs. S. W. Funk was chosen church correspondent. The Sun- 
day-school and church attendance has kept up very well. Our school 
of missions will begin Jan. 13 when our own Esther Funk will give an 
illustrated lecture on Guatemala, Central America. Other speakers will 
be here during the school which will close with a mission play by our 
younger people. Christmas was observed with fitting programs: the 
juniors and primaries gave a program in the morning bringing gifts 
for the needy; the young people gave a program of songs and read- 
ings in the evening. After services the young people went caroling for 
the sick and shut-ins. — Eulalia Overholtzer, Covina, Calif., Jan. 5. 

HerTnosa Beach. — We have just closed two weeks of revival meetings 
with Bro. Edgar Rothrock of La Verne, Calif., as evangelist. He 
gave us good gospel sermons which all enjoyed. Three wished to 
reconsecrate their lives and at our business meeting they renewed 
their baptismal vows and were received into fellowship. Bro. Jordan 
of Santa Ana directed our music and sang for us the first week. We 
appreciated his work and help. Sister Rothrock was here three eve- 
nings and sang for us, also a quartet from Glendora sang one evening 
and Bro. Ackley from Calvary sang another time. Our part-time pas- 
tor, Bro. Carl, and wife were here to help by calling in the homes. 
The meetings closed with our love feast. The business meeting was 
held Dec. 21 and after receiving the three into fellowship, several good 
reports were given. Sister Susan Stoner, our India missionary, was 
with us Dec. 9. She showed many things from India and gave a good 
talk. The Sunday-school gave the Christmas program on Dec. 23. 
White gifts were brought by the children and parents and were given 
to the Children's Home in Los Angeles. There was also a silver offer- 
ing. The women organized with Sister Carl as director of Women's 
Work. Sister Stutsman was reelected secretary-treasurer.— Mrs. Vinna 
Bowman, Hermosa Beach, Calif., Jan. 5. 

Live Oak.— Oct. 28 Bro. Royal Glick, pastor of the Raisin congrega- 
tion, gave a very timely sermon to our people here which was much 
appreciated. Our regular business meeting was held in December. 
Our Christmas program which consisted principally of a cantata. The 
Star of the East, was well rendered under the training and leadership 
of Sister Liskey. The new annex to our church building is nearly com- 
pleted; it will be a valuable addition for Aid work and Sunday-school 
room. Bro. J. O. Hartman and son, Dimon, came from Los Banos and 
did the plastering. While here the latter gave us an interesting ser- 
mon on tithing; he also assisted in the song services. Our pastor gave 
his New Year address today with a forward look and anticipation for 
the coming year. — Mrs. Bessie Fillmore, Biggs, Calif., Jan. 6. 

Modesto. — The last three months of 1934 were very active ones for 
both pastor and members of this church. Aside from our regular mid- 
week prayer service, a small group of our most earnest members have 
organized a prayer circle which meets once a week. Our pastor, Bro. 
J. F. Baldwin, gave seven consecutive Sunday evening sermons on 
the general subject of Heaven. Nov. 4 a special sermon was given to 
the parents of the Cradle Roll department and fourteen children were 
dedicated on that day. On Thanksgiving Day a basket dinner was 
given at the church after the morning service for which about eighty 
remained. The sermon was on Thanksgiving and the Depression. A 
special service was held Dec. 9 for the veterans of the cross, all mem- 
bers over sixty years of age. After the sermon Bro. Baldwin enter- 

tained them at his home with a dinner. Dec. 2 Bro. Baldwin held a 
pre-Christmas service using as the general theme. Getting Ready for 
Christmas. The following Sunday we gave our Christmas program. In 
the morning Sister Kurtz, superintendent of the children's department, 
was in charge. In the evening the young people presented the play. 
Dust of the Road. After the program an invitation was given and one 
came forward by confession and two by letter, thus making a total 
increase of fourteen by baptism in the past year. Forty-six have been 
received by letter, four reclaimed and four received as associate mem- 
bers. Thirteen letters were granted and four died, making a total 
increase of fifty-six. — Bessie Heaston, Modesto, Calif., Jan. 5. 

Oakland. — There was a good attendance at our fall communion serv- 
ice held Nov. 4 with Pastor Cunningham officiating. Our fathers and 
sons held their banquet Nov. 6 and invited the men and boys from the 
High Street Presbyterian church to fellowship with them. Our school 
of social service began Nov. 14 and continued each Wednesday evening 
for four weeks. At the first meeting Mrs. Elizabeth Lossing, head of 
the crime prevention department of the Berkeley police force, spoke on 
The Responsibility of the Church in Crime Prevention. Nov. 21 Earl 
Albert Rowell of the state narcotic bureau spoke on Dope and the 
Problem It Presents. Nov. 28 a scientific discussion of the tobacco 
question was led by Howard Frantz. Dec. 5 Dr. E. Guy Talbott, the 
western representative of the National Council for Prevention of War, 
was the speaker. This course of study has been interesting and educa- 
tional and we feel it has been very worth while. Our school of mis- 
sions begins Jan. 2 and will continue for five consecutive Wednesday 
evenings. The Sunday-school gave a splendid program Dec. 2i followed 
by a white gift service. In the evening a beautiful cantata was given 
by the choir. In November the adult C. W. began a series of lessons 
based on Orientals in American Life, with Ivy Walter as teacher. 
Dec. 30 Mrs. Philip Payne, who has worked many years among Ori- 
entals on the Pacific Coast, was guest speaker. This year a junior 
C. E. was organized with H. O. Coleman as adviser. The women's 
auxiliary is meeting twice a month in the homes. The work has been 
sewing for needy families. — Mary A. Woody, Oakland, Calif., Jan. 5. 


Lakeland. — During the year it has been the pleasure of the under- 
signed and his family to be a part of the Lakeland congregation. 
When we came Eld. S. Ira Arnold was the only resident minister. 
Since then Eld. S. G. Fahnestock and family of Pennsylvania, Bro. 
W. G. Fisher and family of Winter Park, Fla., have become residents 
of Lakeland. Just recently Bro. Walter M. Smith and wife of the 
Church of God have been received by baptism. He has been an active 
pastor and evangelist of that denomination for over twenty years. 
Also Eld. B. F. Lightner of Pennsylvania and Rev. J. B. Shaffer of 
the Progressive Brethren, W. Va., are tentatively located and we ap- 
preciate their attendance and help. Attendance and interest in our 
various services have increased and the young folks have organized for 
service and are making commendable progress. — A. D. Bowman, Lake- 
land, Fla., Jan. 5. 

Tampa. — At our last district meeting the writer was appointed on a 
committee to make the best possible disposition of our unused church 
house north of Tampa. We are now using the proceeds to complete 
our new church in the city of Tampa. Dedication is planned for the 
first Sunday of February. A two weeks' revival is to follow. Our 
brethren who are spending the winter in this state are invited to camp 
with us and enjoy these meetings. — J. Kurtz Miller, Tampa, Fla., 
Jan. 5. 

Winter Park. — Jan. 6 we enjoyed an excellent sermon delivered by 
Rev. Walker, general secretary of the National Sunday School Associ- 
ation for the states of Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia and Florida. He 
has in view making Winter Park his headquarters and engaging a 
worker for each of these states. Bro. Weller of Pennsylvania was pres- 
ent at our morning service and rendered much appreciated assistance. 
—J. W. Chambers, Orlando, Fla., Jan. 7. 


Twin Falls We spent a wonderful holiday season. Two weeks prior 

to Christmas the Ladies' Aid had a bazaar and chicken supper which 
was very successful. The proceeds are going toward fixing up the 
church. We all enjoyed a good program the Sunday morning before 
Christmas. Numbers from adults and children were given, with a 
short talk from our pastor. At the end of the program, candy was 
handed out to the children. In the evening our pastor, Bro. Hine- 
gardner, gave a splendid sermon. We celebrated New Year's eve by 
a social at the church. After the contests, light refreshments were 
served and a short program w'as given, concluding with a commodity 
shower for Mr. and Mrs. Hinegardner from the members. Bro. Mark 
Schrock of Nampa is going to hold evangelistic meetings here com- 
mencing Jan. 27. — Ethel Hempleman, Twin Falls, Idaho, Jan. 5. 


Franklin Grove church has experienced much progress and change 
since the last report; this is due to inaugurating a new system under 
the direction of Brother and Sister Paul B. Studebaker. They moved 
to our congregation from Nappanee. Ind., in September and the con- 
gregation tendered them a welcome at a reception, following a fel- 
lowship supper at the church. The following Sunday an official instal- 
lation service was conducted by Bro. M. R. Zigler, which was very 
inspirational. A pastor's cabinet has been formed of the leaders 
of the various departments of the church. This cabinet meets to dis- 
cuss church problems and projects. A number of special programs 
have been rendered. Mrs. Studebaker with a group of six presented 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 

the play. The Two BuilJcrs. Tliis was also Riven to the Sterling 
church. The children g.^vc .■> Christmas program of songs and exer- 
cises on Sunday morning. Dec. i.!, and in the evcnin.g a beautiful 
service was given by the adult group. A New Year candlelighting 
service by the young people was very inspirational. The pastor gave 
an illustrated talk with the slides. Sharing Christ with Africa. A choir 
has been organized and is adding much enjoyment and uplift to the 
services with their messages in song. The church has purchased an 
exeellograph for printing messages which we hope will help us to 
reach members and friends. \Vc have also purchased a new piano 1o 
b< uied in the basement at various social gatherings and also for tlic 
church night program. A great effort is being made to put the Mes- 
senger into 75 per cent of our homes. We are hopeful and confidei\t 
tl\at this can be done.— Mary Miller, Franklin Grove, 111., Jan. 11. 

PoJo.— Some fine improvements in our church services and program 
have resulted from our pastor and wife attending the Bethany con- 
ference. Our Sunday-school missionary project under the splendid 
leadership of Mrs. Price Ueckman presented an offering on Nov. 18 
amounting to over S-tO. Nov. 2S the Men's Work organization gave a 
home mission program. Bro. John Heckman gave the main address, 
preparatory to our Thanksgiving ofTering. On Thanksgiving eve our 
pastor delivered the sermon for the union service at the Presbyterian 
church. Thanksgiving night our church presented the "songalog," Lest 
Wc Forget, followed by a social hour in the basement. Cecil Stauf- 
fcr is the newly elected president of the B. Y. P. D. D. W. Kurtz was 
with us Dec. 1 and 2 and gave three memorable addresses. Saturday 
evening he gave his lecture. The Challenge of Our Times, at the town 
hall which met with wide community approval. The Ideals of the 
Church of the Brethren won the deepest respect of many people of our 
church and inspired us to new loyalty and ideals. Dec. 16 Bro. Paul 
Studcbaker and his Franklin Grove chorus gave an e.xceptional pro- 
gram. The holiday season was one of gladness. Carl Summers, Elden 
Heckman and Edgar Forney were home from Manchester College and 
Brother and Sister John Cunningham from Bethany. Our Christmas 
cantata was most ably presented. Instead of the usual Christmas tree 
decorations, the front of our church presented a winter forest scene. 
There was also the giving of Christmas baskets and singing of carols. 
Among the gifts at the parsonage shower was a much appreciated 
radio, given by the men's class. The annual young people's banquet 
was on Dec. 2S. New Y'ear's eve we held a council meeting. We are 
unifying our boards and a plan for one church board was presented. 
Thi^ means a closer cooperation for our active organizations. Follow- 
ing the council a period of reminiscences marked the thirtieth anni- 
versary of the dedication of our present church building. A watch 
party followed.— "Mrs. Alice M. Warner, Polo, 111., Jan. 10. 


Bachelor Run. — Our regular council was held Dec. S. We elected 
church officers for the coming year and reelected Bro. Wm. Angle, 
elder. Bro. J. Edson Ulery will hold a series of meetings, starting 
Jan. 14.— Mrs. Glen Booth, Flora, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Engli^ Prairie church met in council and elected church and Sun- 
day-school officers for 1935: Sunday-school superintendent, Carl Rob- 
bins; elder, Carl Yoder; clerk, Mel Agley; Messenger agent, Mabel 
Light. Bro. J. O. Winger was with us in a two weeks' meeting in 
November. We were much encouraged as a community and church. 
The B. Y". P. D. has chosen Mark Agley president. Our Aid is busy 
trying to help the needy in our immediate vicinity. — Mrs. S. P. Bont- 
ragcr. Howe. Ind., Jan. 7. 

Syracuse. — We have received eleven into the church by baptism and 
some by letter since our report in October. This makes a total of 
forty-six baptized during the year. Our communion held Oct. 23 was 
well attended. Nov. 1 was guest day for the Ladies' Aid. They had 
an all-day .service and a special dinner and program. The Aid pre- 
sented Sister Jarboe a rocking-chair on her birthday in appreciation 
of her work in the society. The adult Bible classes made Bro. Jarboe 
a present of a Bible at Christmas time. The Good Cheer class gave 
Brother and Sister Warstler a lamp. We have lost some loyal fam- 
ilies during the year, yet we had an average attendance of around 200. 
Our elementary department enjoyed a Christmas service Dec. 23. The 
young people gave a play in the evening entitled The Cliristmas Mir- 
acle. Our men donated several days' work at Camp Mack this fall 
besides giving $25 in cash. — Mrs. Peter Plew, Syracuse, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Wabash City.— At our September council church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected for the coming year. Wilford ("rumrine was 
elected superintendent of the adult department; Arthur Bolinger, trus- 
tee for three years; WHIord Crumrinc, church treasurer; Bro. Dorsey 
Urubaktr, delegate to district conference. On Sunday evening, Oct. 21, 
the temperance play. What .Shall It Profit? was given here by the 
West Manchester churcTi. The house was crowded and the play was 
very much appreciated. At a later date we were favored with a 
mu.sical program by the Miller quartet from Sidney, Ind. This quar- 
tet consists of a father and three sons. Dec. 9 the Izaak Walton glee 
club of North Manchester gave a fine program. Dec. II our regular 
council was held. R'ports from various riepartments of the church 
were given. Bro. J. Oscar Winger will hold our revival meeting be- 
ginning Jan. 30. Our love feast will be held after the meeting closes. 
Dec. 23 the children gave a program in the morning and in the eve- 
ning the young people gave a play entitled Snowbound on Christmas 
Eve. We appreciate very much what the young p'.^')ple of our church 
are doing. Our primary department has showed a steady increase 
in attendance and we are now having five classes instead of three 
in that department. Our adult department continues to grow also. 
Wc are very much pleased with the work which our pastor, J. E. 
Smcltzer, i.i doing here.- Mrs. Dorsey Brubaker, Wabash, Ind., Jan. 7. 


Council Bluffs. — The Sunday-school has kept up very well consid- 
ering the winter weather. Ivan Caskcy is proving to be a good super- 
intendent and Mrs. HulTine is an able assistant. We have come to like 
our combined worship service. We meet at 9: 30 each Sunday morning, 
go to the class rooms, then have a general assembly fur worship serv- 
ice, followed by the serinon. The B. Y. P. D. is a live organization of 
the church. They were newly organized last week; Virgil Caskey is 
president. They meet each Wednesday evening. This winter they 
have been meeting in various homes. After the presentation of a les- 
son on some popular subject by one of the group, the pastor leads the 
discussion in the Book of Acts. At present they are divided into two 
teams for a Bible study contest. After a chapter has been studied 
together, questionnaires are distributed and the points of each side are 
determined. Each team also has a money barrel by which liberal 
offerings are given into the church treasury each month. The can- 
tata. The Lost Carol, was given Christmas night. Since our last 
report seven have been received by baptism. A very good love feast 
service was enjoyed Nov. 28. Miss Pearl Severn is proving a valuable 
assistant pastor. — Homer Caskey, Council Bluflfs, Iowa, Jan. A. 

Fairview church met in council Jan. 3. Officers were elected for the 
coming year. Bro. Orlando Ogden was retained as elder; Bro. Dwight 
Powell, clerk; Bro. J. W. Terrance, treasurer; Sister Bernice Carr, 
church correspondent. We are tnaking an effort to get the Messenger 
into each home of the church. We also are trying to make arrange- 
ments to locate a pastor for the church. Bro. Galen Ogden of Mc- 
Pherson College gave us two very fine serinons during the holidays. 
The B. Y'. P. D. gave a New Year's program and candlelight service 
which was very beautiful as well as devotional. The little folks, carry- 
ing lighted candles and distributing them, represented Christians 
spreading the light of Christ. — Mrs. Ruth Ogden, Unionville, Iowa, 
Jan. 5. 

Femald church met in council Dec. 8. All officers were reelected. 
In September a Women's Work group was organized which is func- 
tioning very nicely. Sister Minnie Dadisman is president. Our annual 
love feast, held in September, was a rich spiritual feast. In October 
a group from Panther Creek rendered the play. What Shall It Profit? 
to a large and appreciative audience. We have been doing some much 
needed repair work in our church building: repainting the basement, 
flowering the ceiling upstairs and redecorating the interior and refin- 
ishing the floors. Our Christmas offering was $9.46. — Ruth Dadisman, 
Nevada, Iowa, Jan. 5. 

Ivester. — The Sunday evening preceding the young people's camp a 
group of young people presented the play entitled One of the Ninje. 
The following Sunday evening they presented the play at the South 
Waterloo church; the proceeds were used for their missionary project. 
A large group attended the young people's camp at Eldora. The fol- 
lowing week a group of girls attended the intermediate girls' camp. 
Both groups received valuable experience and made many lasting 
friendships. In September the Ladies' Aid sponsored a musical bazaar. 
Articles that had been made wer^e sold and a musical program was 
given. Previous to Oct. 7 Bro. Frantz gave a series of .Sunday evening 
sermons centering on the Home. The young folks handed in material 
for two of the sermons on The Ideal Young Man and 'the Ideal 
Y'oung Woman. Oct. 7 a play was given entitled Home Builders. 
Oct. 7 was also rally day and homecoming. A birthday dinner was 
given at noon. Each one was seated at the table which represented 
the month in which he was born. Each month gave a short program. 
A birthday offering was taken and the money used to buy an indi- 
vidual communion set. The love feast was held in October. The young 
folks sponsored the presenting of the picture. The Christus, on 
Nov. 27. On Thanksgiving evening a service was held at the church. 
A group of folks representing the Peace League from New Providence 
presented a peace play, entitled The Great Choice. Dec. 17 the Ladies' 
Aid sponsored an afternoon tea. The ladies of the neighboring com- 
munities were invited in. A program was given and refreshments 
were sold. The young folks enjoyed an oyster supper at the church on 
Dec. 22. It is their plan to institute an annual Christmas banquet. A 
miscellaneous Christmas program was held at the church on Dec. 23. 
The annual Christmas offering for missionary purposes was taken. The 
father and son banquet is to be held Jan. 9.— Mrs. Alfred Kruschwitz, 
Grundy Center, Iowa, Jan. II. 

Panther Creek.- Our fall love feast was held Oct. 21. It was an ex- 
ceptionally well attended and inspirational meeting. On Nov. 25 about 
ninety men and boys met at the church for the annual father and 
son banquet. Bro. Coppock of Dallas Center gave an interesting and 
helpful address. The Ladies' Aid held a successful bazaar and food 
sale on Dec. 8. At the regular quarterly business meeting Dec. 16 
Bro. O. F. Shaw was reelected elder. Both Thanksgiving and Christ- 
mas were observed with appropriate programs. As has been the cus- 
tom for the past several years, a New Y'ear's eve watch party was 
held at the church. The early part of the evening was spent playing 
games, after which lunch was served. We then enjoyed a musical 
program followed by a devotional period at midnight. — Edith Bentall 
Gnagcy, Adel, Iowa, Jan. 7. 

Union Ridge church met in business session Jan, 1. Church officers 
were elected for the coming year: Bro. C. E. .Schrock, again chosen 
elder; Mrs. R. R. Schwab, church clerk; Raymond C'uffel, treasurer; 
Messenger correspondent, reelected. Our fall love feast convened 
Oct. 13 with a goodly number in attendance. Wc appreciated having 
with us visitors from the Greene and Ivester churches. Bro. Schrock 

officiated with Bro. J. R. assisting. The following Sunday we 

held our semiannual birthday program; the offering amounted to $12. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 


Bro. Galen Allen from Ivester church gave the morning message which 
was much appreciated. At 2: 30 a program was arranged for and the 
promotion cards for each class were presented. A Thanksgiving pro- 
gram was given and also a pageant on Sunday evening before Christ- 
mas. — Mrs. J. R. Allen, Dumont, Iowa, Jan. 7. 


Pipe Creek.— Our fall love feast was held Oct. 14 with Eld. M. R. 
Wolfe officiating. Oct. 21 the temperance play, What Shall It Profit? 
was given. It was sponsored by the women's organized Sunday-school 
class and given at three other places the following week. At Christ- 
mas time this class packed and gave to sick and shut-ins twenty bas- 
kets of fruit, nuts and candy. On Nov. 1 the class of intermediates 
organized and has been holding monthly meetings. The men's class 
celebrated the fifteenth anniversary of their organization on Dec. 4 
with an appropriate program. Jan. 1 the young married people's class 
organized; this makes five organized classes in our Sunday-school. 
The Christmas pageant. My Song and My Star, was given by the 
school on Dec. 21. — Mrs. H. Paul Hull, Linwood, Md., Jan. 5. 

Westernport. — Two have been baptized into the church by the pas- 
tor, N. D. Cosner. Ending the Sunday-school year Nov. 1, thirty re- 
ceived perfect attendance certificates and seals. Dec. 2 the com- 
munion service was held with sixty-six present. Many were sick and 
could not attend this service, so we are looking forward to a mid- 
year service. Dec. 23 a pageant. The Story of the Christmas Gifts, 
was given by a group from the church, assisted by the choir. This 
program was well attended and enjoyed by all. Our midweek service 
is a Bible study hour. We are studying the book of Romans; each 
week we take a chapter and the pastor explains it to the group. On 
Dec. 4 the pastor gave an illustrated lecture on The Old Book. Bro. 
J. M. Henry of Bridgewater College gave a lecture in the church on 
Jan. 1 on Peace. This was a wonderful lecture which all should hear. 
Bro. Henry also showed slides which made it interesting for all pres- 
ent.— Mrs. R. F. DeVore, Westernport, Md., Jan. 7. 


Ross church convened in quarterly business meeting Dec. 15 at which 
time church and Sunday-school officers were elected for another year. 
Bro. A. P. Musselman was reelected elder; Bro. Coil, pastor; T. C. 
Ross, superintendent of the Sunday-school. On Dec. 3 Bro. A. P. Mus- 
selman of Lima began a two weeks' revival effort. He labored ear- 
nestly and preached with power. The last Sunday of this campaign our 
Sunday-school had a record attendance. One made the wise choice and 
asked for baptism and church membership. The Sunday prior to 
Christmas our young people gave the returns of the missionary proj- 
ects for the summer which netted over $11. A special eflfort is being 

'l'l "l* l " l'l " l'l " l'l " l * l " l ' l " l'l " l'l "F I " l'l " l'l " l'l "l*l"PI"l' l " FI " l'l " FI " l 'l' 

Any Church 

can take advantage of our economical club rate 
if and when not less than 75 /c of the resident 
Brethren families become subscribers to the 
Messenger. Send today for details. 


Please send me details of your special club rate offer on 
The Gospel Messenger. I am interested in your economical 
plan for getting our church paper read in at least 75% of 
the resident Brethren families of our congregation. 


Street or Route 




'l'l " l*l " l*l " l * l "F I " l 'l" l*l " l * l " l*l " FI " l'l "FI" FI "FI" l *l"F I "l"l" l *l" l 'l" l ' l ' 

made to place the Messenger in more than 75 per cent of the homes. 
— Frances Bendure, Spencerville, Ohio, Dec. 31. 

Wooster. — Our autumn love feast was held Oct. 27. Miss Delma 
Stoudenheimer who has been doing mission work in the mining camps 
in southeastern Ohio gave a talk in the afternoon. The communion in 
the evening concluded a full day of Christian fellowship. Bro. C. H. 
Petry officiated at the impressive services. A workers' meeting was 
called by our superintendent on Nov. 22 and all interested in Sunday- 
school or Men's Work were invited to spend the evening at the church 
to discuss problems and plans for the year. Groups were formed to 
work out missionary projects, organize classes, lay plans for general 
school activities. A Men's Work was organized and officers chosen, 
the president being A. C. M. Fetter. An oyster supper and social hour 
with some special musical numbers closed a profitable, well spent 
evening. Dec. 3 the men's meeting was held at the church. Bro. U. S. 
Kreider from Ashland City church gave an inspirational talk and out- 
lined the possibilities of this project. Planting and resetting trees on 
the church ground is the first work to be taken up by the men. They 
plan to meet the second Tuesday of each month. Our young people 
have been doing noteworthy work on their play entitled The Lost 
Church. It has been given twice and they are preparing a third ren- 
dition. The young people also took the initial step in planning to 
share Christmas with the unfortunate in southeastern Ohio mining 
camps. On Dec. 26 a group of nine took substantial greetings to help 
make a real Christmas for the children there. At present we have one 
class conducting a Bible reading campaign and Jan. 6 we will begin 
a contest which we hope will be interesting enough to keep our Sun- 
day-school aglow during the winter months. We consider it a matter 
ot rejoicing also that by contribution, individual interest and the un- 
tiring efforts of Bro. D. M. Brubaker and Bro, Simon Harshman we 
put our Messenger subscription over 100 per cent. — Miriam Hofif Fet- 
ter, Weilersville, Ohio, Jan. 1. 


Ames. — Brother and Sister Haney of Virginia came to us last May 
to serve as pastors. With their leadership both men and women have 
organized for more efficient service. The Women's Work (Dorcas So- 
ciety) held a gift and food sale on Dec. 22, clearing $16.18. Recently 
Bro. Haney has given three lectures using the stereopticon slides. This 
is an interesting and a forceful way of presenting messages of truth. 
Our love feast was held Oct. 20 with several visiting members present. 
Our elder, Bro. Albert Williams, of Thomas, was with us. On the fol- 
lowing Sunday we had a basket dinner at the church. In the after- 
noon the men and women had their separate meetings for the promo- 
tion of their plans for work. Last summer the churches of Ames had 
Sunday evening union services out of doors. The Christmas program 
was given by all the church cooperating. We are expecting Brother 
and Sister Austin in the near future to hold a revival. — Mrs. D. W. 
Moyers, Ames, Okla., Jan. 2. 


Dunnings Creek. — Our cliuch met in a business meeting Dec. 6. Of- 
ficers were elected for the coming year: Elder, T. B. Mickle; secretary- 
treasurer, Bro. Jesse Smith; correspondent and Messenger agent, Mrs. 
Ross Callihan. We decided to have the three churches in the con- 
gregation unite in holding a missionary meeting every month. In 
September Bro. J. H. Clapper held a revival meeting at the Holsinger 
church. He preached good gospel sermons and as a result ten were 
added to the church by baptism. The love feast was held Oct. 6 with 
Bro. Clapper officiating. The young people of the Point church gave 
a Thanksgiving program Nov. 25 and Bro. D. I. Pepple preached at 
the Point church on Thanksgiving night. A Christmas program was 
given at the New Paris church Dec. 22 by the young people. — Mrs. 
Ross Callihan, New Paris, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Ephrata. — A series of evangelistic services conducted by Bro. John D. 
Ellis of Johnstown, Pa., closed Dec. 2, after continuing for two weeks. 
Bro. Ellis labored faithfully, delivering spirit-filled sermons. Three 
accepted Christ; since then two more have come and were baptized 
Dec. 16. The church met in council Dec. 11. Bro. Nevin Zuck was 
installed into the ministry and Sister Elsie Kilhefner was installed as 
a minister's wife. Dec. 23 the beginners, primaries and juniors of the 
Sunday-school rendered an appropriate program during the morning 
service. In the evening a native of Africa, Peter Koinange, gave an 
interesting talk followed by a sermon by our pastor, Bro. Alvin P. 
Wenger. On Christmas evening a beautiful candle service was given 
by the chorus and B. Y. P. D. The entire evening was spent in the 
singing of Christmas carols and anthems. The African also sang sev- 
eral songs in his language. — Gertrude R. Shirk, Ephrata, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Fairview church met in council Sept. 28 and elected the following offi- 
cers for the year: Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. A. A. Durr; 
assistant, Bro. Galen Merryman; Christian Workers' president, Bro. 
Walter Fretts; the writer. Messenger agent and corresponding secre- 
tary. At-the council held on Dec. 28 the following were elected to office 
for one year: Elder, Bro. C. C. Sollenberger; church clerk, Bro. Walter 
Fretts; church treasurer, Bro. J. W. DeBolt. On Christmas night the 
young people of the church presented a play entitled Finding Christmas 
Joy.— Mrs. Chas. DeBolt, Masontown, Pa.. Jan. 9. 

Falling Sprinss.— Our love feast was held in the Hade house Nov. 3 
and 4, with Eld. E. M. Miller, of Lineboro, Md., officiating. A number 
of other visiting ministers were also with us. These brethren con- 
tributed much inspiration. Bro. Arthur Hess, of York, Pa., taught the 
Sunday-school lesson to a full house. An offering was lifted for home 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 

missioss. Bro. CarrcU Valcntmc gave a very approviriate and helpful 
message to a full house on Thaiiksfriving Day. An offering was lifted 
that day for the benefit of the home church. Bn^. John Stouffer was 
electeil superintendent of the Brown's Mill Sunday-school. Bro. Guy 
Stamy was elected superintendent oi the Shady Grove Sunday-school. 
—Grace E. Smith. Waynesboro. Pa., Dec. 31. 

Grc«f> Tree church met in council at the Florin house on Dec. 11. 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming year. Bro. Sam 
Ober is superintendent and Bro. Abram Eshelman. assistant, at the 
Green Tree house; Bro. Jacob E. Williams, superintendent, and Bro. 
John Ever, assistant, at the Rheems house; Bro. \Vm. Longanecker, 
superintendent, and Bro. John Eshelman, assistant, at the Florin 
bouse. There were calls for a Bible study class so we decided to 
raert weekly, alternating between the three church houses. Our 
teacher will be Bro. Nathan Eshelman. On Dec. 23 the Homcbuildcrs 
and the Loyalty classes of the Florin school rendered an inspiring 
Christmas program at the Florin house. — Mrs. Cyrus W. Geib, Mt. 
Jot. Fa., Jan. 2. 

HuntxUe church met in council Dec. 11 at which time the following 
officer-: were elected: Presiding elder. A. A. Evans; church treasurer, 
Bro H. G. SheafTer; secretary, Mrs. John Leer; corresponding sec- 
retary. Mrs. Willis Cohick: Sunday-school superintendent. E. L. Mel- 
linger. Dec. 36 the young people of the Sunday-school gave a play 
entitled Christmas Blessings in a Blizzard. — Mrs. J. G. Hutchinson, 
Huntsdale. Pa.. Dec. 31. 

Indian Creek congregation met in council on Dec. 1. A number of 
regular items of business were considered, such as annual reports, elec- 
tions, etc.. among which was the presentation of the annual report of 
the treasurer of the Sunday-school. This report was very interesting 
and encouraging as to large enrollment, good attendance and especially 
the amount of the missionary offerings throughout the year which 
totaled $484.07. On Nov. 4 the Volunteer group of Elizabethtown Col- 
lege gave us a well rendered program. On Saturday evening, Nov. IC. 
the young people of our congregation rendered an interesting program 
on the theme. "Our Best for the Master." The special speaker on this 
occasion was Bro. Caleb Bucher. director of young people's work of 
Eastern Pennsylvania. Bro. Bucher brought a very helpful and prac- 
tical message on the subject. "The Strength of Youth." We are look- 
ing forward to a Bible institute to be held in our church Feb. 9 and 10. 
with Prof. A. C. Baugher of Elizabethtown College as instructor. — 
Mathias P. Landis. Vernficld. Pa.. Jan. 7. 

Lower CUar. — We elected our Sunday-school officers in September; 
the superintendent is Sister Daisy Oaar. Our school is moving along 
very nicely. We held our love feast on Oct. 13 with a large attend- 
ance. Our elder. Bro. D. L Pepple, preached three interesting ser- 
mons prior to our love feast. At our council Dec. 15 the church 
elected the following officers for the year: Elder, Bro. Pcpple; sec- 
retary, Mrs. Warren Claar; treasurer. Bro. F. A. Oaar.— Mrs. War- 
ren Claar. Oaysburg. Pa., Dec. 28. 

MediAnic Grove. — On Oct. 28 we were privileged to have an inspiring 
me««aRe fr^ m Bro. Samuel Hertzler of Elizabethtown. Bro. Henry 
King of Myerstown officiated at our love feast on Nov. 3. He also 
preached for ns the next day at the Sunday morning service. A serv- 
ice was held in our church on Thanksgiving morning. The Student 
Volunteers of Elizabethtown College rendered an inspiring program on 
Sunday morning. Dec. 9. We had our Christmas program Sunday 
morning, Dec. 23. A group of young people with their teacher visited 
a number of places the night before Christmas and sang carols. — 
Martha A. Bucher. Qnarryville. Pa.. Dec. 28. 

Mkvco. — On Thanksgiving Day Bro. Ralph Jones preached for us and 
an offering was lifted for home missions. We met in regular council 
Dec. 8 with Eld. J. N. Cassel presiding. Two members were received 
by letter. The officer* of the Christian Workers' Society were re- 
elected. The officers of the Sisters' Aid Society were reelected. On 
Christmas Day Bro. Franklin Cassel preached for us. — Carrie K. Hoff- 
man, Collegeville, Pa . Dec. 31. 

P»linyr».— On Nov. 24 and 23 we had a young people's conference in 
'ur church. There were four sessions, .Saturday night and Sunday, all 
day. Bro. M, R. Zigler gave interesting, helpful messages at each 
•ervice on the following subjects: Facing Facts. Christ in the Home, 
Some Important Goals for the Church of the Brethren and The Call of 
the Church to Youth. Following the Sunday afternoon service the 
young people served lunch. Then they gathered around an indoor 
campfire and had vesper services. Afterward all went to the main 
ro'/m for the closing session of the conference. Dec. 3 our quarterly 
rouncil convened. Eld, Nathan Martin of the Ministerial Board and 
Eld. Amos Kuhns were present to assist in the work. Bro. F. S. 
Carper's time had expired as elder in charge; he was reelected for a 
term of three years. Bro. A. Stauffcr Curry, who had been licensed 
to preach at the June council, was instali'd into the ministry. .Six 
members were received by letter and four letters were granted. Dur- 
ing the m'mth eighteen were received by baptism, the sixteen who had 
decided during our revival conducted by Eld. J. A. Robinson in No- 
vember and two who decided after the meetings closed, Dec. 16 a 
number of our members conducted a service at the I^cbanon county 
home. Every year our members fill boxes with fruit, candy, cakes, 
etc.. and give a box to each inmate; this year there were 200. One of 
onr deacons. Bro. S. E. Meyer, donated the boxes. At Christmas the 
various classes of our Sunday-school also took such boxes to the 
aged and shut-ins of our community. Our young people were out on 
Christmas night singing carols. Dec. 23 the primary and junior de- 
lartments rendered a Christmas program. Dec. 27 the B. Y. P. D. 

had a Christmas social. Our Aid Society is very busy; they had an 
all-day meeting one week and another an afternoon and evening. Our 
Bro. J. U. Longenccker preached two helpful sermons for us during 
December. — Sallie Groy, Palmyra, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Roxbury.— I'nion Thanksgiving services for the eighth ward of our 
city were held in our church with Rev. Miller of the Evangelical 
church delivering the sermon. The offering was given to the Christian 
Home, also located in our ward. Several Sunday evenings during the 
holiday season we had lantern slides illustrating the life of Jesus. 
They were appreciated. On Dec. 23 a fine Christmas program was 
given by the children in the forenoon to a full house, and in the 
evening the cantata-pageant, entitled The Echoes of a Song, was splen- 
didly given by the choir, assisted by a group of young people and 
children. On New Year's eve about 175 persons met at 9 P. M. in 
the .social hall of the church for a program, lunch and a social hour, 
closing in the auditorium with a watch night service, concluding with 
an impressive candlelighting service at midnight in charge of the 
pastor. This coming Friday a number of our classes will have dele- 
gates at the program of the adult division of the Cambria County 
Sunday-school association held in the Memorial Baptist church in our 
city. Our revival is scheduled to open Feb. 4 to continue two weeks, 
with Bro. M. J. Brougher as the evangelist. We are entering the 
new year with fine prospects of successful work to be done. We lost 
one member by death during the year just closed.— Jerome E. Blough, 
Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Somerset. — Nov. 4, known as rally day for our church, was an inter- 
esting Sunday. The adults of the Sunday-school were very ably led 
and taught by Albert Bittner of Somerset Lutheran church. Prof. 
Livengood gave an interesting talk on the theme of Christian Growth. 
The church auditorium was filled with eager listeners for the sermon 
delivered by the pastor, Bro. T. R. Coffman. Nov. 18 our church 
period was taken up by a mission band from Huntingdon in charge 
of Bro. L. S. Knepper. Thanksgiving Day there was a union service 
and the worshiping congregation filled the edifice. Rev. Dr. Weaver 
of the United Brethren church was the preacher. Prof. Fike directed 
the music for the occasion. Christmas services were rendered Friday 
evening by the junior department, followed by a cantata on Sunday 
evening, Dec. 23, entitled The Manger and the Star. — Mrs. H. R. 
Knepper, Somerset, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Walnut Grove. — The year in both church and Sunday-school began 
Oct. 1. Bro. J. A. Robinson was reelected elder with Bro. Harry 
M'Dowell as general superintendent of the Sunday-school. The aver- 
age attendance in church for 1933-34 was 640; in Sunday-school, S4S. 
The fall love feast service was held Nov. 4 with the largest attend- 
ance record. We were glad to entertain the district meeting Oct. 22-24. 
The opening service was a play. What Shall It Profit? given by the 
B. Y. P. D. of the Robinson congregation. It was very inspiring as 
were all the messages given during the meeting. M. J. Brougher, 
J. A. Robinson, Chas. Blough were elected to serve as delegates to 
Annual Conference. October was rally month in Sunday-school with 
a special effort put forth each Sunday. The last week services were 
held each night, each having a well worked out program. The B. Y. 
P. D., men's organization, women's organization and the children were 
responsible for the services. Our pastor was engaged in an evan- 
gelistic campaign at Palmyra in November. In his absence the pul- 
pit was ably filled by his son, Paul, and a local pastor, Bro. S. W. 
Pearce. The choir rendered a splendid concert Nov. 8 under the 
direction of Mr. Edw. P. Byers. At the Wednesday night service we 
have been studying church doctrine, the pastor having charge. Dec. 2i 
we were entertained in the morning by the choir rendering the can- 
tata, The Song and the Star. In the evening the children gave a 
pageant. The Light of the World, and a beautiful play. The Street of 
Hearts. We are planning a two weeks' evangelistic campaign during 
the month of February. Bro. E. Perry Prather of Dayton, Ohio, will 
serve as evangelist. Three have been received into church fellowship 
by baptism during this last quarter. — Mrs. Waldo Strayer, Johns- 
town, Pa., Jan. 2. 

West Conestoga. — Our love feast was held Oct. 24 and 25. Bro. 
Phares Forney officiated and a number of other visiting ministers were 
present. Our young people rendered programs at the Lancaster 
county jail and almshouse on Oct. 28. On Nov. 4 they rendered a 
program in the Richland church. Our Children's Day was held on 
Nov. 11. The children gave a program based on peace and thanks- 
giving. Bro. Robert Cocklin of Mechanicsburg gave the main address 
of the afternoon to an appreciative audience. One young woman was 
baptized on Nov. 21. During the past quarter the following visiting 
ministers preached at various regular services: Bro. John Byler of 
Lititz, Bro. Jonathan King of Myerstown, Bro. John Hevener of Lititz, 
and Bro. David Snader of Akron. Our revival at the Middle Creek 
house was conducted by Bro. Rufus P. Bucher beginning Dec. 9 and 
continuing until Dec. 25. These meetings were very well attended. 
Thirty-two visiting ministers were present at one or more of the 
meetings. Music by a girls' quartet from the Mechanic Grove church 
was much appreciated. As a result of these meetings two boys stood 
for Christ, and we feci that Bro. Bucher's straightforward gospel ser- 
mons resulted in much good to the church. On Christmas eve a group 
of about fifty young people went caroling at the homes of a number 
of shut-ins of the community. The church met in council Dec. 29. 
A number of members of committees were elected. It was decided to 
paint the exterior of the Middle Creek house. Three boys were re- 
ceived as applicants for baptism and were baptized the following day- 
—Grace Hollinger, Lititz, Pa., Dec. 31. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26. 1935 


York. — Aug. 12 Bro. Ludwick, Quakertown, Pa., preached the morn- 
ing sermon in the First church. Bro. Eli Keeney, Bedford, Pa., 
brought us the evening message Aug. 26. The B. Y. P. D. held a 
meeting Aug. 27 when the reports of the Bible conference at Elizabeth- 
town College were given. Sept. 2 Bro. Driver, Staunton, Va., deliv- 
ered the morning sermon In the First church, which was greatly ap- 
preciated. Sept. 9 a service was held in the county jail; these serv- 
ices are interesting as the prisoners manifest such eagerness for some 
good thought which may be dropped in word or song. Sept. 9 Bro. 
Norman Musser, Columbia, Pa., began a two weeks' revival in our 
East End mission house. The services were interesting and instruc- 
tive and enjoyed by all. Sept. 30 Bro. I. N. H. Beahm of Virginia 
preached the evening sermon in the mission house. Oct. 7 rally day 
was observed in our mission school in the morning with Prof. John 
Barwick as speaker; in the afternoon he gave a lecture on the Holy 
Land. Oct. 14 the school of First church held an all-day meeting with 
a rally service in the morning. Bro. A. C. Baugher, Elizabethtown, 
addressed the school and brought us an uplifting sermon. A mission- 
ary service was held in the afternoon with Sister Kathrine Zeigler as 
speaker. In the evening Sister Rebecca Foutz addressed a young peo- 
ple's meeting. Oct. 7 Bro. S. S. Blough of Greencastle, Pa., preached 
a fine sermon in the morning. Oct. 28 a B. Y. P. D. conference was 
held in the First church. C. C. Ellis of Juniata was the speaker at 
three services and we feel all were strengthened through these fine and 
able talks. He also spoke at the vesper services. Nov. 4 the B. Y. 
P. D. chorus sang at a missionary service in the evening at the Har- 
risburg church. Nov. 11 we held our love feast in the First church 
with Bro. A. S. Baugher preaching the preparatory sermon in the 
morning. Brethren Michael Markey and Noah Sellers preached the 
afternoon sermons and in the evening an unusually large congregation 
surrounded the tables. Dec. 9 the Volunteers of Elizabethtown Col- 
lege rendered a program under the direction of Bro. John Zug. Re- 
cently the First school and our mission school reorganized with Breth- 
ren Ralph B. Lehman and Geo. Stough as superintendents. The 
teacher-training and Bible study classes which meet each Thursday 
night under the direction of Bro. Jos. Baugher are proving very inter- 
esting. Dec. 23 Bro. Silas Utz, Piney Creek, Md., brought the morn- 
ing sermon. We are hoping the activities of our schools and church 
will continue in spirit and interest in the coming year as they have in 
the past. — Florence L. Keeney, York, Pa., Jan. 2. 


Mt, Vernon. — The young people of this church under the direction of 
Miss Hope Sherfy gave a missionary stewardship play. It was given 
at the home church and also at Waynesboro and Barren Ridge. It 
was quite a success, being well received and made impressions which 
sermons could not have made. Our communion service, held just 
before Thanksgiving, was well attended. We joined three other 
churches and had a union Thanksgiving service. Bro. Sherfy was the 
speaker and many benefited by the good things he said. Our pastor 
is preaching several sermoijs on the Home which we all appreciate. 
At our last council it was decided to have a revival next summer and 
to put special emphasis on evangelism at Easter. An interesting and 
entertaining Christmas program was given on Dec. 23. We also had 
a white gift service for the needy. Our attendance is growing and we 
are making spiritual progress under the leadership of Bro. Sherfy and 
family. Their untiring efforts are appreciated by the entire congre- 
gation. — Mrs. A. M. Powell, Waynesboro, Va., Dec. 29. 

Pleasant Valley. — Our love feast on Oct. 20 was largely attended. 
An impressive sermon was delivered the day following by Bro. Luther 
Bowman of Laurel Branch congregation. On Sunday evening, Nov. 4, 
the young people of Christiansburg favored us with the play. What 
Lack I Yet? which was enjoyed very much by all. A student Vol- 
unteer Band from Bridgewater was with us on the night of Dec. 1 
and rendered a fine program. We were very glad to have with us on 
Dec. 4 Bro. F. E. Williar, temperance secretary of the southeastern 
region; he gave a lecture and showed slides on the evil effects of 
alcohol. Dec. 22 our young people gave the play. What Shall It 
Profit? Our church met in council Dec. 15. Bro. H. E. Reed was re- 
elected church secretary-treasurer, a number of committees were re- 
appointed and the writer was reelected Messenger correspondent. Eld. 
S. P. Reed will preach for us Dec. 29, the occasion being the fiftieth 
anniversary of his ministry of the gospel. Our elder, Bro. R. T. 
Akers, who sustained a fractured hip on June 28 is now able to be up 
and spends most of his time in a wheel chair. A Christmas program 
was rendered by the Sunday-school on Dec. 23. — Mrs. John H. Lester, 
Sowers, Va., Dec. 28. 

Staunton. — Sept. 1 Bro. J. C. Garber began his seventeenth year as 
pastor at this place. Bro. Garber conducted two revivals during the 
past year, one at the Staunton church house and one at the Arbor Hill 
church. We have had a number of special services during the sum- 
mer and fall, including a Mother's Day program and rally day in 
October. On Armistice Day the Staunton fire department attended 
our church in a body and Bro. Garber conducted memorial services. 
Bro. Garber is the local and also the state chaplain of the fire depart- 
ment. Nov. 28 Bro. Byron Flory gave an illustrated lecture on China 
which was very interesting and helpful. At the regular council which 
was held recently the following officers were elected for the year: J. C. 
Garber, elder; Lurty Grove, clerk; Lloyd Kiser, secretary of finance; 
Kenny Flick, treasurer; Messenger agent, the Aid Society; the writer, 
correspondent; Sunday-school superintendent, Lurty Grove. Twenty- 
three were baptized during the year and four received on former bap- 
tism. — Mrs. Frank Kiracofe, Staunton, Va., Jan. 2. 

* jt. 





Christian Education 

in the 

Church of the |Brethren 

In Christian Education one must not forget his 
own denomination and what it has produced. To 
read the story of its leaders and the principles for 
which they stood should be the policy of every 

Missions in the Church of the Brethren by Elgin 

S. Moyer. 

A complete history of our mission enterprise. Reduced to 

The Boy and the Man, by J. H. Moore ^ 

The story of the author's own life and struggles. $1.25. '^ 

*|* Character Stories, by Ezra Flory j 

*»* A collection of stories for moral teaching. $1.00. 1 

"V ' 

*I* Builders of the Church of the Brethren, by J. S. ^ 

% Flory *. 

»J* A portrait of some of our great leaders. $1.00. i 

1* 1 

♦ Charlie Newcomer, by W. B. Stover ^ 

■^* A great story of a small boy. 35c. ) 

Y The Lost Brothers of the Alleghanies, by James A. ] 

X Sell _ . \ 

4* The pathetic story of two boys who perished. 15c. -s 

Y . . . , *! 

<^^ Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands, by Galen B. "j 

Y Royer *! 

5^ Thrilling stories of great missionaries. 75c. j 

% The Christian \yay of Life, by C. C. Ellis ^ 

»♦» A fine presentation of the Jesus way of life. 65c. 4 

X, 4 

X The Conquest of Peace, by H. A. Brandt 4 

4» A plea for reason rather than force in national and in- ^ 

Y ternational adjustments. $1.25. - 1 

Y 3 
y^ Cultural Changes in the Church of the Brethren, by J 

A Frederick Dove 4 

»♦♦ A sociological study in our church development. $2.00. ♦? 

t Life of D. L. Miller, by Bess Bates \ 

Y The story of this great church leader. Regular edition, *f 
\ $1.00; special edition, 60c. 5 

T 3 

Y The Lost Bible, by Minor C. Miller 1 
X Shows how the Bible was lost in past periods and may be J, 
4. lost today. $1.50. 4 

4I History and Doctrines of the Church of the Breth- 4, 

4* ren, by Otho Winger 4 

♦»♦ The story of our church growth historically and doc- T 

Y trinally. $2.00. J 

♦> Y 

'f African Stories, by A. D. Helser 1 

X The folk-lore of the African people as told by themselves. J^ 

% $1.75. I 

X The Beatitudes, by S. N. McCann 4 

•*■ A sane exposition of these grreat fundamentals. 7Sc. T 

% The Lord's Prayer, by R. H. Miller f 

4* A classic of the great prayer of our Lord. 75c. 4 

4* Flashlights from History, by J. S. Flory v 

■^ A new approach to our denommational history. $1.50. Jt^ 

4>' The Prayer Life and Teachings of Jesus, by A. C. ^ 

J; Wieand | 

Y An ideal book on prayer for those who would know its »t< 
4<. secret and power. $1.75. 4< 

21 Wilbur B. Stover — Pioneer Missionary, by J. E. X 

A Miller 4 

♦> The simple story of our pioneer missionary and his life j" 

4* work. $1.50. T 

A Y 

4* Some Brethren Pathfinders, by J. H. Moore. ^ 

♦♦♦ Thrilling stories of pioneer preachers,' $1.50. Y 

% The Symphony of Life, by D. W. Kurtz * 

■4- One of the author's best lectures. 50c. Y 

X. The Teacher's Appreciation of the Old Testament, 4 

Y by J. Hugh Heckman Y 

Y Our latest leadership training book. 90c. Y 

T . % 

Y These arc books you can not afford to miss. % 

*t • . X 

% Brethren Publishing House, EJgin, III. X 




THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 26, 1935 




























" The Beloved Physician of Teheran 

By Xmmc Ma)«k Yonan 

Bjr mUtakf we amnouBced p » p»i 
oditioa Mc. Cocars only in cJotli, 

A native of Persia tells the thrill- 
ing story of the conversion of a 
fanatical Kurd who becomes a 
Christian, a physician and an evan- 
gelist, faces persecution and death. 
Wins the respect of his most bit- 
ter enemies. A wonderful testi- 
mony for modern missions. 117 
p»ge.. $1.M. 


: Phjrsiciaa 
I of Tclicran 



"Ancient Wives and 
Modem Husbands " 

By Clarence E. Macartney 

Nine sermons based on Bible 
types of women. Dealing with the 
old the author at the same time 
connects it with the new, thai 
bringing together the ancient and 
modern times in a most helpful 
manner. A book for others as well 
as for Wives and Husbands. 176 
pages. $1.25. 

Sermons on the Lord's Prayer and 
Other Prayers " 

By Clovit G. Chappell 


.\ ^ • 1 »; \ T 

Wl« KS 



III oil \MI> 

a*Btv:E E 


A fresh treatment of the Lord's 
Prayer covering 138 pages is fol- 
lowed by other prayers of Jesus. 
The whole series makes a fine study 
of Jesus' prayer life and teaching 
on prayer. This book of ZZZ page* 
will prove stimulating to Bible 
students and teachers. In these 
days of materialism we need to 
learn anew the power available for 
the righteous man who is fervent 
in prayer. %IM. 




fJf'fKt: '-, 



"It Can Be Done" 

There are many books of 
choice poems. This is one 
of them and a good one it 
is. The selections come 
from classics and other 
writers. Some of the poems 
you know and some you will 
enjoy reading for the first 
time. The compilers have 
done an excellent job. 245 
pages of poems every reader 
will read repeatedly. Prioa, 
Sl.M only. 





Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 






The Music o\ Literature 
The World's Be*t Poetry, $1.00 

More than 350 of the world's best loved and most helpful 
short poems, old time favorites and th< most popular of the 
newer poetry. You will never tire turning to its pagei. 477 

The World's Great Religious Poetry, $2.00 | 

A well balanced collection of religious poemi including both 
ancient and modern. Its many indexes enable one to find 
desired poems readily. A marvelous anthology. 876 pages. 

Heart Throbs, 75c 

Such a wise selection that yearly this book finds a ready 
sale. These poems do touch the heart. Those who care 
little for poetry will wake up as they read these selections. 

More Heart Throbs, 75c 

The popularity of "Heart Throbs" simply made it neces- 
sary to bring out this second book of great poems. 

Quotable Poems, $2.50 

Poems that are quotable, have a modern tone and spiritual 
qualities, touch common human needs, and possess fine 
poetic qualities. Abounds in poems for great days. 386 

Quotable Poems, Volume II, $2.50 

A new collection of superior poems by known and un- 
known authors. Poems that strike at the heart of things 
and urge you to the best. 370 pages. 

The Golden Book of Faith, $2.00 

Not the least helpful selection of poems is "The Golden 
Book of Faith" in which the reader finds those soul-stirring 
messages that one so often needs in these days of doubt 
and depression. 

'■* 1 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 


I The Inglenook Cook Book 

^ is equally fitting for the young bride in her new 
X home and the older mother who has long planned 
the daily meals. 

Nothing better at this 
Christmas time as a gift 
than a copy of the 
Inglenook Cook Book. 

Here is a gift that will 
serve the entire home 
for many years. 

The Recipes in the 
Inglenook Cook Book 
were thoroughly tested 
by experienced house- 
wives who knew how to 
prepare a tasty meal 
and set a good table. 

Buying an Inglenook 
Cook Book is making 
an investment that will 
pay daily dividends. And 

the dividends come to 
your home direct; they 
do not go to high-price 

♦ We say it again : Nothing better as a Christmas 

X gift for wife, or mother, or sister or daughter than 
t the Inglenook Cook Book. Price only $1.00. 

% Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 

Get Your Bibles, Music Books, other Books, Church and 
Sunday-school Supplies from the Brethren Publishing House. 


Vol. 84 

Elgin, 111., February 2, 1935 

No. 5 

A High Caste Hindu Family 

(See Article by Bertha Ryan Shirk, Page 9) 


Editorial — 

The Sum of All Its Parts (E. F.) 3 

And There Was a Great Calm (E. F.) 3 

How to Use Your Church Paper (H. A. B.) 3 

Bonfire Material (J. W. L.) 4 

The Christian Message and Task for Today.— No. 4 4 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

The Quiet Hour (R. D. M.) 17 

General Foruini — 

Who Will Build the World Anew? (Verse) 5 

"Whatsoever He Saith Unto You, Do It." By Oliver H. Austin .... 5 

From Down Up. By H. H. Helman 5 

What Causes War?— No. 5. By Kermit Eby 6 

"Brethren" Investments. By C. H. Shamberger 6 

I Am the Motion Picture. By P. R. Hay ward 7 

Why I Read the Bible. By Elizabeth H. Brubaker 8 


Home and Family — 

He Worked (Verse) 9 

"I Wish David Were Here." By Perry L. Rohrer 9 

Glimpses of Life in India. — No. 2. By Bertha Ryan Shirk 9 

Missions — 

Sharing Observations With the Home Church.— No. 13. By C. D. 

Bonsack 10 

What to Pray For 12 

Orientals in American Life 12 

The Church at Work — 

Central West Regional Conference; Public Worship; Which Way? 
A Guide for Leaders; A Word to District Officers; Junior Mission- 
ary Project for 1935; "A Book of Discovery"; The Leader in a New 
Group 13-15 


2 THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 


■ 1 1 rill rin rill rill riTi rill riTi iTiTi 1^ 







the lord! 






The church needs $275,000 for its general missionary and service work. Our 150,000 
members giving one cent per day would supply $547,500. But if only 100,000 are able to j 
give one cent per day the church would still have $365,000. Last year the members gave but ' 
$183,847. When the fiscal year is ended February 28, 1935, what will be our brotherhood 
records What will you do to make the record of your congregation a good one? Will it be as 
much as a penny a day per member for the year? 


Elgin, Illinois 

!U!1! USL' USi! U!I! USi! UU USl! Jill! LSI! !iSJ LSI! !1S2 
iirSireiriTiriririTiiFiTJriTiriiii rill Hit; riHrii^ 









-Assistanl Editor 



Elgin, 111., February 

2, 1935 




The Sum of All Its Parts 

Our modern life is so full of things to be looked aft- 
er that it is hard to find a place for religion in the day's 
work, if you regard it as one of many competing inter- 
ests. But if religion is the mainspring of all your ac- 
tivities, the dynamic which gives motive and purpose to 
ever)rthing you do, there will be no trouble about find- 
ing room for it. You will not need to find room for it. 
Your workshop will be full of it. The whole at- 
mosphere will be charged with it. Every hard task 
will be lightened by its buoyancy and every dark corner 
will be lighted by its radiance. 

Religion isn't an excrescence, a sort of fungus 
growth that life can get along as well without. It isn't 
a pleasant recreation to be taken if one has time and 
place for it. It isn't even a luxury to be indulged in if 
one can afford it. It is the very substance of all true 
living. It is life's blood and bone and sinew. It is, as 
Dr. Kurtz likes to keep telling us, the life of God in the 
soul of man. It is the one and only thing that makes 
possible an affirmative answer to the eternal question: 
Is life worth the living? e. f. 

And There Was a Great Calm 

The editor was a trifle fussed up this morning. An- 
other special number was in the offing and the matter 
for it was taking on threatening proportions. There 
were numerous other strong claimants for space : arti- 
cles already crowded back repeatedly to make way for 
more insistent candidates, articles in series that should 
not be interrupted, accumulating correspondence, multi- 
plying notices of the loved ones fallen asleep, special 
appeals that dare not be postponed, and several things 
besides that just must go in. 

A happy thought struck him. One certain depart- 
ment could be held to the minimum, perhaps altogether 
omitted, this time. And it could, except for the fact 
that it couldn't because the particular interests repre- 

sented in it were as eloquent in pleading their cause as 
any. Why do dreams impossibly beautiful so quickly 
give way to stark realities ? 

He looked out the window and sighed one great all- 
engulfing, soul-emancipating sigh. He remembered that 
we are entering the new golden era in which borrowed 
billions need not be paid back. It can not be long now, 
he thought, until the less contains the greater, black is 
white, vice is virtue, misery is happiness, and two and 
two add up to whatever convenient figure the necessi- 
ties of the moment may require. e. f. 

How to Use Your Church Paper 

One unique thing about reading matter is that it is 
not quickly destroyed by use. Copies of your church 
paper can be used over and over. And so there is 
raised that interesting question of whether your paper 
should be preserved for reference or used up in the 
process of being read by reader after reader. 

We know of one Virginia reader who took the Mes- 
senger along when he went to visit a neighbor. While 
there he read such articles as The Treasures of Age by 
Bro. Ezra Flory. Making a subsequent call, this Mes- 
senger reader found the church paper coming into his 
neighbor's home. No doubt many other Messenger 
readers have had somewhat similar experiences. 

Frequently our ministers have occasion to mention 
something appearing in the church paper. This is one 
way to make the Messenger a first-class pastor's as- 
sistant. For if the church paper is generally read in a 
congregation, the minister's work is quietly reinforced 
and some problems obviated altogether. And to public- 
ly recognize this fact makes the paper just that much 
more useful. 

However, what we have in mind now is a still more 
special use of the Messenger. Take the recent India 
number. In this issue there is an unusual amount of in- 
teresting matter. Some of it might even be dramatized. 

Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Arnold, General Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St., Elgin, II!., at $2.00 per annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscriptions fifty cents extra.) Entered at the Postoffice at Elgin, 111., as Second-class Matter. Acceptance for mailing 
at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized August 20, 1918. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 

With a little work a tine Sunday evening program could 
be based on what is in the Messenger for Jan. 26. Oth- 
er numbers, certainly special numbers, will from time 
to time offer just as much in the way of possibilities. 

Now back to that annual India number. Suppose 
your people brought their Messengers to church, or 
iiad secured some sample copies for use. Let the min- 
ister or leader take up a copy and show how even the 
date line reveals interesting facts. Our church paper 
is in its eighty-fourth year. It was in 1851 that Elder 
Henry Kurtz started the Gosf'cl Jlsitor. Then there is 
the cover page picture. Above are the children and be- 
low is a mature group of students. Here is a symbol 
of what mission work, indeed all church work, is set to 

As for something to dramatize, turn to Bertha Ryan 
Shirk's story of her first night in India. See page 18 in 
this India number. If you do not see possibilities here, 
then we have nothing more to say. But if you do, and 
we think you will, then look through the paper and tn,- 
to picture what is in or back of the writing of other 
articles. We venture you will find more than enough to 
fill a Sunday evening program. And you will be learn- 
ing one way to use your church paper. h. a. b. 

Bonfire Material 

Sometimes surprises come from unexpected sources. 
When these are on the side of right the manifestations 
are quite heartening. 

Recently a young lady school-teacher was motivated 
with something other than drawing her salary. Having 
discovered that many of the boys in her room carried 
toy firearms and that they were enacting mock holdups, 
robberies, battles and killings, she decided that her duty 
as a teacher of character education would be to coun- 
teract such vicious tendencies. 

Accordingly she talked to the boys on subjects like 
honesty-, fair play, goodwill, peace, justice, etc. Then 
she pointed out the destructiveness of firearms and how 
playing make-believe crimes, with toy guns, tends to- 
ward the formation of criminal character. 

Next she suggested that a .splendid means of pro- 
testing against such vicious attitudes would be to bring 
all the toy pistols and other instruments of war and de- 
struction to the school and make a bonfire of them. She 
reminded them that this was not a demand, and that no 
one should do so unless convinced of the rightness of 
the act. That anything they did sliould be a decision of 
their own. 

The result must have been very gratifying to this 
teacher. She surely wrought a good work. How did 
she get that way? Maybe she is a member of a pacifist 
church. Maybe not, or maybe not an active church 
member. Why speculate? Just think. 

I pondered a while and wondered how many mothers 

and fathers, members of pacifist churches, are guilty of 
buying these toy weapons for their children? 

Again I wondered how many fathers and mothers see 
their children playing vile, criminal games with the toys j 
they purchased and seem oblivious to the danger. How | 
disappointing! What need for instruction, restraint, 
bonfire dramatization ! 

How much bonfire material in the hands of your 
growing boy, pacifist parents ? j. w. L. 

The Christian Message and Task for Today 

4. A Call to Personal Devotion of Life 

In terms of personal living this call to our age means 
a summons to new and sacrificial consecration by Chris- 
tian men and women everywhere to do the will of God 
as revealed in Christ and as challenged by this present 
evil world. It means to live simply and unostentatious- 
ly, to worship in profound and humble quest for the di- 
vine guidance and the inner light, to fulfill life's duties 
with honor and brotherly regard for all other himian 
beings, to live at peace and substitute love and goodwill 
for all violence, class struggle, race prejudice or na- 
tionalistic pride and warfare. 

Our deepest resources, after all, are in a vital com- 
munion with God as Christ has revealed him to us. On- 
ly as we dwell deep in the spiritual verities of life shall 
we have the poise or lay hold of the reserves of strength 
we need to stand unshaken in difficult days. We face a 
crisis in character as well as in economics — indeed a 
deeper crisis. Is not this the real heart of our age's 
need and trouble ? Too many people are trying to get 
along without any vital, sustaining sense of God. In 
the first century St. Paul, by definite moral and spiritual 
counsels, summoned Christians to endure a great moral 
crisis. In the world of the twentieth century the church 
must continue this apostolic task. We must call people 
through prayer, through worship, through meditation 
on the scriptures, through the sacraments, through con- 
fession and humility and a sincere seeking of the inner 
light, to be reconciled to God. Then shall the peace of 
God enter into fives now frantically seeking superficial 
pleasure and excitement or beset by sin and fear and in- 
ner conflicts. 

We envisage worship and the life of personal re- 
ligion not as a running away from the social maladjust- 
ments of our age nor as a substitute for combating 
them but as the deeper way to a release of spiritual 
energy by which alone they can be met and overcome. 
We believe that the personal choice of the standairds of 
Christ and the commitment of life to God through wor- 
ship will result in new spiritual light breaking forth up- 
on our day. Out of prayer and the soul's devotion new 
powers of insight will arise and greater capacity for 
dedication to great causes. — Dayton Meeting of the 
Federal Council. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 


Who Will Build the World Anew? 

Who will build the world anew? 

Who will break tradition's chains? 
Who will smite the power of gold? 

Who will chant the spirit's gains? 

War and hatred, let them go! 

Caste and creed have had their day; 
Pride and lust will lose their power — 

Who will find the better way? 

Who will preach that might is weak? 

Who will teach that love is power? 
Who will hail the reign of right? 

This his day and this his hour! 

Faithless priests and warring lords 

Are as Babylon and Tyre, 
Making way for prophet hosts 

Shouting truth in words of fire. 

Who will live to slay the false? 

Who will die to prove the true? 
Who will claim the earth for God? 

Who will build the world anew? 

■ — Thomas Curtis Clark. 

'' Whatsoever He Saith Unto You, Do It " 

(John 2: 15) 


It is interesting to note this about Jesus and his 
work. When he was about to bless and help those in 
need, he always gave them something tangible to do, 
either in the way of a command or an entreaty. When 
he anointed the blind man's eyes with clay, he said unto 
him, " Go wash in the pool of Siloam," and he re- 
turned seeing. To the poor man with a withered hand 
lie said, " Stretch forth thy hand." The man did as he 
was told and his hand was restored. To the dead maid- 
en he said, " Arise. And straightway the damsel arose 
and walked." To those weary, toil-worn, discouraged 
fishermen, after a night of hard work with no results, 
he said : " Put out into the deep, and let down your 
nets for a draught." They obeyed and enclosed a great 
multitude of fishes, even to the breaking of their nets. 

The commandments of Jesus are to be obeyed, not 
questioned, if we are to receive the blessing. " What- 
soever he sayeth unto you, do it." When we are told to 
believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and we shall be saved, 
we ought not doubt his word. He says : " Forgive, and 
ye shall be forgiven." He also says : "Come unto me . . . 
and I will give you rest." Do we believe his words? 
What would have been the result if the servants would 
have refused to fill the water pots? Would the wed- 
ding feast have been successful? Likely there would 
have been great confusion, a bride and her family 

would have been deeply humiliated and embarrassed ; 
the groom would have been disappointed and the guests 

Jesus preached : " Repent ye, and believe in the gos- 
pel." To Nicodemus he said : " Except one be born 
of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the king- 
dom of God." And then he says to all of us : " Go ye 
therefore, and make disciples of all the nations." Surely 
if we profess to be followers of his, we can do no less 
than obey, for he has never failed his people in a sin- 
gle promise. 

The servant might have asked : " What good will it 
do for us to worry ourselves about putting water into 
those empty vessels, anybody knows that water is not 
wine, and we can not fool the guests that way !" It 
hardly appears to me that they once thought of the pos- 
sibility of this water becoming wine. We hear people 
asking questions today such as : " What is the idea of 
religion anyway? It never got me anything." "Why 
should I go to church and engage in worship ? Others do 
not and they have more money than I have." Or, 
" Why should I go to the Lord's table and engage in 
such a foolish symbol as feet washing and partake of 
the meal ? Will this make me any better ? What real, 
practical benefit can come from observing the sacra- 
ments? What we want is food, better wages, better 
sanitation, better living conditions and a square deal !" 
That is exactly what Jesus is teaching by this drama- 
tization, we shall enjoy all these blessings if we attitude 
ourselves properly toward God and man. 

If we are only able to grasp that which Jesus would 
have us understand as we engage in this symbol, and 
follow his example of hf e, it will be as he has said : 
" If ye know these things, blessed are ye if ye do 
them." Such marvelous blessings as would be ours if 
we only would live the Jesus way I The world would 
not be long in getting to the place where all would have 
bread and to spare, better living conditions would be 
ours to enjoy and all men would live in harmony. It 
is true that none of us can understand all, but we may 
rest assured that we shall never be condemned for do- 
ing anything that Jesus himself was willing to do, and 
there is a blessing for us in the doing. " Whatsoever 
he saith unto you, do it." 

McPherson, Kans. 

From Down Up 


Bad times are good times when they help folks to 
find themselves. This is just what we are all doing in 
these difTficult times. We have found our shortcomings 
and weaknesses. We have been inefhcient parents, poor 
citizens, and weak members of the kingdom. We have 
been poor neighbors and forgetful friends. We have 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 

been greedy mcrchaiits and self-seeking laborers. We 
were over individualistic and poor creatures socially. 
In short, wc had learned to live selfishly and sinfully. 

Looking up from the depths we now see the true 
heights. Wc are ready to discipline ourselves so that 
from now on life shall be rooted in goodness, unself- 
ishness, and truth. We want it to take on new dimen- 
sions, until it reaches the full stature of men and women 
of God. Yes. bad times have become good times. 

.V<~i' Carlislr. Ohio. 

What Causes War 


['. Protection of I>wcstiue)tts Abroad 

Some nations because of favorable trade balances and 
internal wealth secure a surplus of gold. In order to 
increase profits, the surplus gold is invested at home or 
abroad. England before the World War, and America 
since, are the best examples of nations with a surplus 
to invest. 

English gold went everywhere. English banks be- 
came the financial arbiters of the Orient. Many an Eng- 
lish fortune was made in China and India. The return 
from these investments made it possible for Britain to 
withstand the shocks of the war and its aftermath. 
Truly London was the center of the economic world. 
Since the war, London has made room for New York. 
The abnormal war-years saw the impoverishment of 
Europe, and the change of the United States from a 
borrowing to a lending nation. 

Perhaps, no impression of travel in the Orient re- 
mains more vivid in memory than the imposing fronts 
of the American banks in every large Oriental city, with 
the American flag flying above and the soldier standing 
guard in front. Truly the American dollar respects no 
frontiers, and is our most consistent internationalist. 
.American business has also gone abroad. Standard Oil 
Company tanks are as common as banks, and Singer 
sewing machines have lightened many a burden. Much 
of the so-called progress of the Orient, and of South 
America, would have been deferred many years without 
the aid of Anglo-.Saxon wealth. 

There is no valid objection to the above, as long as 
capital takes its own risks, but when capital calls on the 
government to protect it, serious problems arise. 

In order to protect investments abroad, a nation must 
have a navy to protect its avenues of trade and invest- 
ments in war time. In the close bargainings for eco- 
nomic advantage the victory often goes to the nations 
which can exert the most pressure. That is, if one be- 
lieves in this theory, America should have a navy big 
enough to maintain American advantages in China, and 
powerful enough so that Japan would never risk attack- 
ing it. Such a situation wmjld mean the maintenance 

of a navy at least twice as large as Japan's. To do so 
would mean perhaps the eventual bankruptcy of Japan 
in an effort to build up to our level, and ultimately war, 
for no nation will continually permit pressure politics. 

To prevent this from happening, we must go to the 
source of the irritation, investments and business 
abroad, and frankly adopt as a national policy, the re- 
fusal to protect by the use of force any foreign invest- 
ments. Let business take its own risks! Why should 
a nation tax the majority to protect the investments of 
a few ? Why should we all not realize that one naval 
battle would mean more economic loss than any possible 
business profits? 

If there must be profits and interest, let the interest 
be adjusted in proportion to the risk — and hands off by 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Brethren " Investments 


A FRIEND of mine has recently become quite exer- 
cised about the amount of money which members of 
the church have lost through enterprises promoted by 
the members of the Church of the Brethren. He is a 
man who has shown better than average financial judg- 
ment and he has had wide contacts within the church. 
In his communication he states that he would like to 
write a resume of the cases which have come under his 
observation and the ones that people have told him 
about. However, he admits that he often has ambitions 
to write which are never realized and he is not certain 
that what he would write should ever be published. So 
he lists what he considers typically unfortunate illustra- 
tions and suggests that I write upon the subject. 

For the purpose of this discussion these enterprises 
might be described as attempts by the Brethren to make 
money for the Brethren. This does not include the of- 
ficial non-profit organizations of the church. It is con- 
fined to those ventures which are primarily intended to 
make money for the Brethren. 

There are those who argue that the Church of the 
Brethren has a disproportionate number of such 
schemes thrust upon it. But others contend that the 
number is about the same as comes to any group. They 
think the Brethren are just a bit more gullible than the 
average. Those who disagree reason that there is no 
actual basis of comparison. They say that we are in- 
clined to overestimate the number of schemes and our 
own susceptibility because we know considerable about 
ourselves and not so much about others. It really 
doesn't matter greatly whether the percentage of Breth- 
ren schemes that fail is greater than those which 
originate with the Baptists. And it would be cold com- 
fort to learn that our gullibility is two points different 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 

from the Mennonites. My friend is convinced that too 
many golden opportunities have resulted in financial 
headaches for the Brethren. 

Almost all of these undertakings have had several 
factors in common. They all use the church as a medi- 
um of promotion. The Yearbook becomes a mailing 
list. Prominent churchmen are used as reference. Oc- 
casionally the name of the church is incorporated even 
though a decision of Annual Conference prohibits the 
use of the church name in commercial concerns. 

With very few exceptions these enterprises are 
sponsored by men whose sincerity is above question. 
They really believe they will accomplish what fhey 

Most of them hold out opportunity for more than 
ordinary gain. And lest it appear to be selfish there 
are often reasons to show how the church will be bene- 
fited either directly or indirectly through the trans- 

Occasionally the appeal is on the basis of thrift. 
Something a bit different is offered for less money. 

The appeal of privilege is frequently emphasized. 
Since this is being operated by Brethren for Brethren 
there are certain advantages accruing to Brethren which 
are not available to others. 

All of these factors become boomerangs when the en- 
terprises collapse. They make men who wanted to be 
benefactors appear as unscrupulous promoters. And 

I Am the Motion Picture 

A Message to Parents 


I am a superb skill that has not yet been redeemed into 
a sublime art. 

I am a flash of light- — a roll of mystery — a flicker of 

I was born in the brain of a mechanical genius, nurtured 
in the plans of captains of finance, robed in the praises of 
advertisers, and spread across the world by the arts of 

Thus, I have been thrust into your community to work 
my will upon your child. 

I will rob him of one-quarter of his normal restful sleep. 

I will cause him to remember one-half and more of what 
he sees in me. 

I will create his standard of success. 

I will fashion his ideal of a future life work, his home 
of tomorrow, his dream of all that is desirable in life. 

I bring the crime, the depravity, the mystery, the beauty, 
the glory of all times and lands to the doorstep of his soul. 

What crosses that doorstep will depend upon the sort of 
doorkeeper you have set up within him before I get my 
chance at your child at all. 

Binsdale, III. 

the feeling toward them is often more bitter than it 
would be toward an " outsider " because they have been 
trusted as Brethren. 

I have tried to make myself believe that my friend 
was a bit unfair in listing only those ventures that 
failed. There must have been a number that have suc- 
ceeded. We so easily remember losses and forget gains. 
We are even guilty of taking credit sometimes when a 
venture turns out well when we would have blamed the 
sponsor if it would have failed. So I have tried to 
think of something that might be said in favor of 
Brethren promoters. 

The nearest approach I can think of is in the case of 
land promotion schemes. There must be some people 
somewhere who were convinced that there was better 
land out west or down south by some Brethren colon- 
izer. Of course, there were a good many of them that 
turned out desperately but we are trying to be fair and 
think of some successful ventures. 

Unfortunately that seems to be the extent of favora- 
ble coinparisons. I can not, for example, find any com- 
pany organized by Brethren that has paid them well by 
increase in the value of capital stock. I mean this in 
the sense that a wide solicitation was made. There are 
any number of private enterprises operated by Brethren 
who have interested a few other Brethren in their busi- 
ness to their mutual advantage, but that is quite a dif- 
ferent thing. 

I hope my observations have not been biased which 
lead me to the conclusion that most of the financial en- 
terprises of the Brethren by the Brethren have resulted 
in a loss to the Brethren. In most cases it has been 
both the sponsors and the investors, but almost in- 
variably the investor loses everything he puts into it. 

However, we need to bear in mind that by far the 
majority of enterprises do fail financially. Failure is 
by no means peculiar to Brethren ventures. And when 
we know the facts it is amazing how many people there 
are who lose their money in the enterprise of some one 
else. We hear more about the few who make it than 
we do the many who lose it. There is, however, a 
sense in which it seems more unfortunate for Brethren 
to lose their money in Brethren promoted schemes than 
it does for them to lose it otherwise. A man may be a 
good brother in the church and be very poor in his 
business judgment. 

Bearing all of these things in mind is there not some- 
thing which can be done to protect Brethren investors 
from losing the dollars they have saved through thrift 
by investing them in some well meant but fantastic 
scheme promoted either by the Brethren or through 
the Brethren? 

The federal government is developing a commission 
in connection with the New Securities Act which is in- 
tended to curb those corporations which misrepresent 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 

stocks for sale to the pyblic. The government is mak- 
ing a desperate attempt to make investment concerns 
tell the tnith. The church might have a similar com- 
mission to pass upon schemes sponsored throughout the 
church" at large or in specific sections of it. 

There are a good many reasons why such a commis- 
sion would seem more promising than it would actually 
prove to be. In the first place, it would be difificult to 
find men within the church who were qualified to be 
members of such a commission. And even if there are 
such people there is no certainty that they would be 
selected for membership on the commission. But a 
still greater factor to take into account is that such a 
commission would smack of paternalism and there are 
a great many people who would rather lose their money 
than the unrestricted privilege of selecting where they 
lose it. And, finally, there would be no end of trouble 
in getting promotional groups to submit their proposi- 
tions to a body that in the necessity of the case would 
have to reject many of the proposals. 

At the present time the church has no control over 
such matters. After the damage has been done every- 
body does no end of talking about such things but that 
doesn't make much diflference. A good many Brethren 
have sharpened tlieir pencils to figure out how the 
money that went into the X. Y. Z. company would have 
raised the Conference budget but there is no case on 
record to show that a dollar has been retrieved because 
of such heroic mathematics. 

One of the things which ought to help most toward 
correcting future losses is the fact that any plan or 
product ought to be accepted upon merit rather than 
the fact that it is sponsored by Brethren or promoted 
through Brethren contacts. The fact that it is spon- 
sored by Brethren ought neither to be the basis for ac- 
ceptance nor rejection. A young man told me recently 
that he had to make his own way through college be- 
cause his father loaned money to another Brethren min- 
ister who was going to make him well-to-do through 
buying shares in a mine — which never made money. 

A word might be said about those who seek to pro- 
mote their plans and to sell their products through the 
church. Without the least intention of casting sus- 
picion upon the sincerity of those who have used such 
methods I can not help but feci that they have been 
motivated fully as much by the fact that the church 
group offers the most fertile field for their efforts as 
they have been by a consuming eagerness to benefit the 
church membership. There is no reason why some- 
thing which has been proved as to value should not be 
sold by one church man to another, but anyone having 
something to sell that is going to make people surpris- 
ingly rich would be doing the church a favor by dispos- 
ing of it elsewhere. 

Elgin, III. 

Why I Read the Bible 


This is the testimony of one who reads the Bible: 
" I read the Bible because it tells me the need of a Sav- 
ior." " All have sinned and come short of the glory 
of God " (Rom. 3 : 23). I once spoke to a girl in her 
teens about accepting Christ. She replied : " I have 
never sinned. Why should I accept Christ?" How ig- 
norant ! She needed teaching. " All we like sheep 
have gone astray ; we have turned every one to his own 
way ; and the Lord hath laid upon him the iniquity of 
us all" (Isa. 53: 6). 

The Bible tells me that Jesus is the Savior I need. 
" For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is 
eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord " (Rom. 6: 
23). It tells me how to make Jesus my Savior. " Re- 
pent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of 
Jesus Christ, for the remission of sins, and ye shall re- 
ceive the gift of the Holy Ghost" (Acts 2: 38; also 
John 3: 15 and Rom. 8: 9, last clause). 

The Bible gives assurance of salvation. " I give un- 
to them eternal life ; and they shall never perish, neither 
shall any man pluck them out of my hand. My Father, 
which gave them me, is greater than all ; and no man 
is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand " (John 
10: 28-29). The Bible keeps one from sinning (Psa. 
119: 11 ; 1 John 2:1). It gives Hfe (John 6: 63, and 
it is a means of growth (1 Peter 2:2). 

The Bible is a safe guide. " Thy word is a lamp un- 
to my feet and a light unto my path " (Psa. 119: 105). 

The Bible is an up-to-date book. " Forever, O Lord, 
thy word is settled in heaven" (Psa. 119: 89). The 
word of God works. " As the rain cometh down, and 
the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but 
watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, 
that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eat- 
er: So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my 
mouth : it shall not return unto me void, but it shall 
accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in 
the thing whereto I sent it " (Isa. 55: 10-11). 

The Bible shows how to make a success of life. 
" This book of the law shall not depart out of thy 
mouth, but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, 
that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is 
written therein ; for then thou shalt make thy way 
prosperous and thou shalt have good success " (Joshua 

It is said that a man is best known by the company 
he keeps when alone. What are our meditations? I 
like this text. " But we all, with open face beholding 
as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the 
same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit 
of the Lord" (2 Cor. 3 : 18). 

Virden, III. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 


He Worked 

He worked! It is enough 

That his own hands were 

Tarnished with the stuff. 

He knew the law's demands 

For daily bread, the tasks. 

The toils, the rude tools of his day ; 

The sweating face; nor did he ask, 

In all his time, an easier way. 

With hammer, saw and awkward wrench. 

He proved himself the man. 

Though Spirit-born, by the rude bench 

He joined our race and ran 

Its rugged course to where it ends. 

While of a holier life he taught. 

To which the soul ascends. 

He lived, he wept, he wrought 

With us — he called us friends. 

_/. A^. Scholes. 
■ ♦ « 

" I Wish David Were Here " 


" I WISH David were here." These were the words 
of a wife who stood spellbound by one of the scientific 
displays at the Century of Progress. We were mo- 
mentarily attracted to observing the wife instead of the 
very interesting scientific display. 

She was far more interesting than the object of her 
interest. She had been deeply impressed with the sci- 
entific display. Her husband was a scientist it seems. 
There was written all over her face and in her voice 
the fact that more than anything right then she longed 
for her husband to be there and share the experience 
with her. 

A young man stood on a jagged rock overlooking a 
beauiful valley several thousand feet below. The sun 
was slowly sinking — it was fast becoming dusk. These 
words were overheard : " If only ' she ' were here." 

Here is a young man who has fallen in with wrong 
associates. He went from one thing to another, always 
worse. Finally he was found guilty of murder and 
sentenced to die in the electric chair. It was our duty 
to spend time with him in the death cell. We found 
him wishing that his mother were there to place her 
gentle hand on his head and say a few words of com- 
fort. He sits quietly in the death chair and dies wish- 
ing for her who rocked him to sleep as a child. 

Whom do you secretly and spontaneously wish were 
with you in moments of great happiness or sorrow? 
Answer this question honestly and you will have a list 
of the people who are most important in affecting your 

Chicago, III. 

Glimpses of Life in India 

2. An Afternoon Tea 

During our stay in Bombay, the home in which we 
lived sometimes entertained for afternoon tea. The 
parlor or drawing-room was always put in the best of 
order for the occasion. This afternoon just two Mo- 
hammedan women were guests. They were from the 
Zenanas or high class. These Mohammedan women, ac- 
cording to their custom, are not allowed to reveal their 
features to any man except of their own households. A 
kind of scarf is worn with which to veil their faces. 
The outer garment which some wear to cover the head 
is also used. When they go out on the street, they must 
go veiled. The hostess had to promise there would be 
no men folk in the room while they were present. 

They were driven to the home in a closed carriage. 
They did not unveil their faces until they were inside 
the drawing-room. We thought these poor creatures 
would be very shy, but they seemed quite happy 
to be out, and talked and laughed as women's problems 
were discussed with them. They use plenty of paint 
but not on their faces. They use it on their lips and 
teeth. Many from the well-to-do famihes have their 
teeth covered with gold. They also use an eyebrow 
pencil. Our guests wore many jewels : some in the 
ears, some in the nose and rings on the fingers and toes, 
besides the necklaces and hair ornaments. 

When tea was ready, the servant had to hand it 
through the screen at the door. There would have been 
a panic had he entered and beheld the faces of these 
two women and it might have meant trouble for him as 
well as the missionaries. 

Dainty sandwiches, plain cake and biscuits, as the 
English call our cookies, are served with the tea. The 
tea is brought in piping hot in a teapot on a tray with 
cups, saucers and spoons. The pot is kept covered with 
a thick padded cover called a tea cozy. The tea, if just 
right, is not strong, but hot and invigorating. It seems 
to make one feel cool, and the little luncheon serves to 
keep away the feeling of hunger until the evening meal. 

After the tea they wanted to hear the piano so we 
played for them. They seemed to enjoy themselves 
until time to go home. 

Thousands of the women are yet to be reached with 
the gospel message. A large percentage can neither read 
nor write. Many are secluded in their homes knowing 
little of the outside world. The mission worker seems 
to be the only one who thinks about their betterment, 
but it is the hardest sort of work with but little hope of 
getting results. The children are more difficult to reach 
as there are fewer schools for them. The harvest in- 
deed is great and the laborers few. 

Chickasha, Okla. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 


"Ubis 'Department 
Conducted by 
H. Spenser Minnich 

Sharing Observations With the Home Church 

Secretary of the General Mission Board 

Tliirtceiitit Insialhiicnt 
November 15. Today we left Garkida for the last 
time on this trip. This is the oldest station in the Afri- 
ca mission. Here Brethren Helser and Kulp located 
in 1923 after coming out in the autumn of 1922 and 
prospecting for a location for several months. There 
has been a lot of hard work done about this station and 
a lot of money and strength expended. There are now 
some 250 in the school ; a little less than 400 in the 
Leper Colony and about 65 baptized members. There 
are about 15 major buildings with many minor ones on 
the compound of about twenty acres. Perhaps five or 
six of these are permanent buildings, while the others 
are of mud and straw, and some of them not very val- 
uable. The Leper Colony is nearly two miles from the 
mission compound. There are about ten acres where 
the buildings are located and about 500 acres granted 
for farming purposes by the government to the lepers. 
On this they are expected to make a living. The station 
is evidently understaffed at the present time. Some of 
its institutional growth must be reduced or else more 
help granted. Always too, when we are forced to re- 
duce personnel, it is the evangelistic work that suffers 
most, because institutions have an urge in the daily pro- 
gram that draws from the more difficult and less spec- 
tacular work of quietly living and working among the 
people. Then we were off for Marama, where many 
of these problems were discussed at the annual meeting 
of the mission. The trip across those forty miles shows 
what the dry season means. Two weeks ago every- 
thing was green, now the brown and yellow in trees and 
bush are evident. The tall grass was burned in many 
places. With plenty of dust and dirt we arrived at 
Marama in the late afternoon. The conference opened 
with an evening session in the new Dr. Robertson Me- 
morial Dispensary, which was recently completed as a 
memorial from the government to the late Dr. Rob- 
ertson who died from yellow fever at the close of his 
first term of service, on his way home. The opening ses- 
sion was chiefly a talk by the writer on some of the 

changes in the world and their effect on the work of 
Christian missions. 

November i6. Morning devotions were conducted in 
a helpful way by Bro. Brubaker on the subject of the 
" one accordness " of the early church. The sessions of 
the day were given to the many subjects presented by 
the Field Committee, which covered practically every- 
thing in the operation of a mission: use of some gov- 
ernment grants, means of transportation, providing 
adequate personnel, wise use of missionaries as to a 
multitude of details and little time for the real work 
with the people. Few people at home can realize how 
these problems accumulate. In this respect, the people 
are like children ; they come to borrow money, to seek 
advice about work, to talk about trouble with the neigh- 
bors, and so on ad infimtuui. Then buildings need repair, 
food must be secured, cars and motorcycles need atten- 
tion, workmen must be paid, and other necessary du- 
ties arise. To be courteous and thoughtful among these 
needs, and yet plan for the schools, hospitals and work 
among the villages, require skill and Christian devo- 
tion. The afternoon was mostly given to the matter of 
schools, their curriculum, location, and purpose. Can 
schools be too big? Should we accept government aid 
under all conditions ? What kind of schools in villages ? 
What kind of training schools? The place of agricul- 
ture and industry, and many other questions were con- 
sidered. A conference like this is necessary for mis- 
sionaries to get together to know each other better, to 
unify their work and thinking; also to express them- 
selves to avoid explosion and nervous prostration from 
the loneliness of their task amid many trying difficulties. 
The evening session was given to a talk by Bro. Bru- 
baker on the lessons and spiritual impressions of the 
Passion Play. 

November ij. Again we were all helped by the 
morning devotions led by Bro. Brubaker on the subject 
of " Mending Tattered Rags." The conference con- 
vened at nine in the morning and the day was given to 
a full discussion of the subject of evangelism and build- 
ing the Christian church in Africa. The difficulty with 
schools, hospitals and other institutions is that they re- 
quire so much detail of accounting, repair, discipline 
and other attentions that it is almost impossible to get 
time to reach the people among the villages in an ade- 
quate evangelistic program. This is keenly felt by all 
missionaries, especially in these days of reduced person- 
nel. We believe and decided that some missionary must 
be provided who can give his entire time to this work, 
and until this person can be provided those now at the 
stations were urged to get among the villages, even at 
the sacrifice of the size of institutions. We believe, too, 
that all institutions should improve the quality of work 
done, rather than increase their size and number. These 
things are difficult amid much ignorance and disease, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 


but must be done to create the fuller meaning of thor- 
oughness and genuine helpfulness which Christian serv- 
ice demands. The matter of a training school for evan- 
gelists was given much thought, and for the present 
Bible and Christian service short term institutes are to 
be provided to meet this increasing need. Giving the 
Christian teaching in the daily school program more 
attention and a more prominent place in the curriculum 
was felt to be possible and was unanimously agreed 
upon. We felt this day was one of importance and 
progress in the study of the work. The missionaries 
Avere quite as conscious of these needs as any of us in 
the deputation, but an urge and encouragement therein 
from the home church give courage to even neglect some 
details to carry on the larger and more important phase 
of the work in the long pull of attempting to build the 
indigenous church. 

November i8. Sunday is always a busy day around 
a mission station. There are the various services in the 
station and the going of several native boys and mis- 
sionaries to the villages within ten miles round about. 
There is an active Sunday-school here at Marama. The 
morning sermon was preached by Bro. Kulp to a large 
audience. While the writer could not understand a 
word of it, yet from the response and interest of the 
audience it was easy to see that it was deeply appre- 
ciated by them. The afternoon services at two different 
villages divided the attendance of the missionaries here 
at the conference, but all returned to a vesper service 
at five o'clock at a beauty spot overlooking the Hawal 
River Valley, where song and meditation on the inspira- 
tion of God to be found in nature occupied an hour of 
worship indeed. 

November ig. Our morning meditation was lessons 
from the storm on Galilee. The conference proper as- 
sembled at 9 o'clock and the medical side of missions 
occupied the whole forenoon session. In connection 
with this the Leper Colony came in for a long and seri- 

t - 



"3k '"^^^*'™I^^H 




sism^b/^ ^B^Hy^iyBHi 



^^& v^^ 

A Croup of Leper Patients 

ous consideration. This side of the work in Africa is 
most important. There is so much suffering and no 
modern medical help of any sort, except for an occa- 
sional doctor. Leprosy is also most prevalent, but seg- 
regating these people by the hundreds into a colony 
presents a problem in control and discipline that in- 
volves many complex problems where a half dozen or 
more languages are spoken and many men and women 
are away from their homes and clans. To attempt to 
meet this great need for medical attention easily leads 
the work out into institutional development that takes 
time and money beyond our ability to support in the 
light of a multitude of other needs. But the problem 
is being wrestled with wisely and we are sure the future 
will give results of increased thoroughness and care, 
even if we may not be able to reach all that we would 
desire as quickly as possible. The afternoon was given 
to the length of a term of service and the best use and 
organization of the workers. Most of the missionaries 
have felt for some time the desire to lengthen the term 
of service on the field. It is hard to build a program of 
work on the field in the midst of such short terms of 
service. The difficulty seems to be to find some place 
for rest or an intermediate short furlough that is not 
too expensive. The mission by road is nearly 400 
miles from the railroad. To operate a Ford car here 
requires at least about twenty-five cents per mile. This 
makes a trip even to the railroad most expensive. But 
a decision was made to make the term of service four 
years, after the first one, with an effort to extend it to 
five years, if any provision can be found for an inter- 
furlough. This experiment will be made with caution, 
as experience clearly shows that ill health is the most 
expensive and greatest disappointment in the life of 

November 20. The conference today discussed the 
use of imported African workers from other missions 
as compared with those from home for certain tasks, the 
kind of buildings that is most economical and satis- 
factory, the budget and its use, and other of the more 
technical problems of the mission field. The mission 
has developed some very good houses for residence, 
mostly of stone, which is abundant at two of the sta- 
tions. At Lassa there is little stone, and here brick is 
being made. These houses are not so large, but are be- 
ing built at from $1,750 to $2,000 and promise to give 
permanence and satisfaction. The mission has em- 
ployed at each station one or more teachers and other 
workers from the Calabar mission of the Scottish 
church in Southern Nigeria. To the present these work- 
ers seem to have given very splendid satisfaction and 
seem to fit into the spirit of the mission and growing 
church in a commendable way. 

November 21. This promised to be the last day of 
our conference. There was some further discussion of 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 

budgets, the appoimmont of workers to special tasks 
and tlie election of officers and committees for the year. 
The Field Committee had recommended that some in- 
creased executive duties be given to the secretary and 
this officer was chosen first. Bro. H. S. Kulp was 
elected secretan,-, Desmond Bittinger, chairman ; Wil- 
liam Beahm, treasurer. The other members of the Field 
Committee are C. C. Flecknian and Dr. H. L. Burke. 
Considerable time was given to a dozen or more recom- 
mendations by the deputation. IMany of these were 
considered and covered in the decisions reached through 
recommendations from the Field Committee; others 
were taken up and discussed and all were finally ac- 
cepted as a part of the policy of the mission. Three 
and four sessions were held each day for six days in 
this conference and ever)- hour was used in seriously 
facing the many tasks, policies and procedure in the 
work of the mission and the growing church. Much 
time was given to the ideals and practice of the native 
church, for example : what in their native thought and 
life can be used and made Christian as a permissable 
part of their religious experience ; how to discipline ; 
the frequency of the communion service ; procedure in 
marriage, and dozens of other things that might cause 
folks in the home church to even wonder what such 
things have to do with church life. But where the home 
and family and Christian ideals have not yet come, the 
church must face such problems and guide life thought 
into that which is Christian and essential. The evening 
session was given to the question of how missionaries 
may contribute to the cultivation and information to the 
home church which will always be necessary for the 
healthful and happy support of this world wide mission 
of Christianity. 

What to Pray For 

IVeek of February 2-p 

The first missionaries to live at Lassa, in Nigeria, 
Africa, were Dr. Burke and his wife who moved to 
that place in the spring of 1928. The medical work 
which they did won many friends and opened the doors 
for the preaching of the gospel. Now the first fruits 
are being gathered in. Turn to page 15 of the Messen- 
ger for Dec. 15 and read the story of these first fruits. 

Because of the need at Garkida Dr. Burke and wife 
have had to take charge of the medical work there un- 
til Dr. and Mrs. Studebaker reach yVfrica. This has 
left the entire burden of the medical work at Las,sa on 
Nurse Horn and the African helpers. Sister Horn 
cares for both the hospital and the dispensary. She is 
often called out into the villages to help the mothers. 
The care of two motherless babies also requires some 
time. All these duties fill her days more than full. 

With no doctors to depend on in treating the sick, a 
nurse's knowledge and skill are often taxed to the 

utmost. Let us pray for Nurse Horn that she may be 
helped in meeting the emergencies that coine and that 
she may have physical strength to carry the heavy load 
for which she is responsible. Let us pray that as those 
to whom she ministers find physical help they may also 
seek the spiritual healing which our missionaries long 
to help them find. 

Let us also pray for the faithful African helpers 
without whom it would be impossible to carry on the 
amount of medical work that is beinsf done. 

Orientals in American Life 

Our Mission Study Book for 1935 

Beginning with the month of January, many of our wom- 
en's groups began the study of " Orientals in American 
Life." Six outUncs based on this book have been prepared 
by Sister Nora Rhodes to help in the study of the book. 
These " Program Outlines " are in a more complete form 
ready to be sent out to all who wish them. They are 5c 
apiece. The study book is 60c. 

(Based on Chapter 3 of " Orientals in American Life ") 
Chapter 3 — The Filipino, America's Newest Oriental. 
"The glory of life is to love, not to be loved; to give not 
to get; to serve, not to be served." 

Hymn — Holy, Holy, Holy. 
Scripture— Acts 10: 1-11. 

Until I Found 

" O tender Shepherd, climbing rugged mountains. 
And wading waters deep. 

How long wouldst thou be willing to go homeless 
To find the straying sheep?" 

" I count no time," the Shepherd gently answered, 
" As thou dost count and bind 
The days in weeks, the weeks in months ; 
My counting is just until I find. 
And that would be the limit of my journey. 
I'd cross the waters deep, 

And climb the hillsides with unfailing patience 
Until I found my sheep." 

Hymn — The Ninety and Nine. 
Chapter Outline 

" The status of the individual Filipino has been almost as 
uncertain as that of his country. He lives under the Ameri- 
can flag and is expected to be loyal to it, but he is not an 
American citizen." 

1 — Give the main points of the American policy in the 

2 — The Filipino as a laborer. 

3 — The community and church. 

A — Briefly state the Filipino problems. 

5 — The newest arrival. 

6 — Filipinos in urban setting. 

7 — Tell of the community center in Chicago. 

These Orientals in a strange land need Christian friend- 
ship, teaching and influences. We have an obligation to 
understand them, to love them, and to witness to them of 
the abundant life that Christ has made possible. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 



Directed by M. R. Zigler, Executive Secretary; Rufus D. Bowman, 
Director of Adult Education; R. E. Mohler, Secretary of Men's Work; 
Mrs. Ross D. Murphy and Anetta Mow, Women's Work; Dan West, 
Director of Young People's Work; Raymond R. Peters, Chairman of 
Intermediate Committee; Ruth Shriver, Director of Children's Work; 
H. Spenser Minnich, Secretary of Christian Finance; Ross D. Murphy, 
representing the Pastoral Association; Ruth C. Sollenberger, Office 


Central West Regional Conference 

The Central West Regional Conference will Be held at Mc- 
Pherson College, Feb. 17-22. Lodging will be provided free 
and board at reasonable cost. For information, address : 
The President, McPherson College, McPherson, Kans. 

Sunday, Feb. 17 

10:45 Sermon, "Four Levels of Faith." — Dr. A. W. Palmer, 
President Chicago Theological Seminary. 

6 : 30 Special Program. — Christian Endeavor Society. 

7 : 30 Sermon, " The Inevitable God and the God We 
Choose." — Dr. A. W. Palmer. 

Monday, Feb. 18 

10:00 Chapel Address, "The Social Gospel."— Dr. A. W. 

10:45 Address to Ministers and Others.— Dr. A. W. Palmer. 
12 : 30 Noon Hour. 

2:00-2:45 Address, "If I Were a Pastor."— R. H. Miller. 

2:45-3:30 Talk on Religious Planning. — Dan West. 

3:30 Music in the Church. — Prof. A. C. Voran. 

5 : 30 Dinner. — Faculty, Trustees. 

7:30 Special Musical Program. 

8:00 Address, "The Insights of Jesus."— Dr. A. W. Palmer. 

Tuesday, Feb. 19 

8:30-10:00 Pastors' Conference in charge of W. H. Yoder. 

8 : 30 " Are Your Conference Programs Making the 

Largest Possible Contribution?" — D. C. Gnagy, 

Warrensburg, Mo. 

9:00 "The Minister and All the Special Days and 

Weeks." — Paul Longenecker. 
9:30 "How to Stop the Leaks." — Herbert Ruthrauf?. 
8:30-10:00 Young People's Conference. — Dan West. 
10:00 Chapel Address, "The Personal Gospel."— Dr. A. W. 

10:40 Address, "Current Trends in Religious Education."— 

Dean F. A. Replogle. 
11:30 Bible Hour, " Isaiah."— R. H. Miller. 
12 : 30 Noon Hour. 

2:00-2:45 Address, "The Uplifted Christ."— R. E. Mohler. 
2:45-3:30 Peace Address. — Hylton Harmon. 
3:30-4:00 Music in the Church.— A. C. Voran. 
7 : 30 Special Program. — A Cappella Choir. 
8 : 00 Address, " The God of the Prophets."— R. H. Miller. 

Wednesday, Feb. 20 

8:30-10:00 Pastors' Conference in charge of W. H. Yoder. 
8:30 "The Minister and Individualism." — Robert 

9:15 " The High Calling of the Ministry."— R. IT. 
8:30-10:00 Young People's Conference. — Dan West. 
10:00 Chapel Address.— R. H. Miller. 
10 : 40 " The College and the Church."— V. F. Schwalm. 
11:30 Bible Hour, "Jeremiah."— R. H. Miller. 

12 : 30 Noon Hour. 

2 : 00-2 : 45 " At the Sound of a Trumpet."— C. E. Davis. 
2:45-3:30 "Twenty Years on the Mission Board." — J. J. 


3 : 30-4 : 30 Music in the Church.— A. C. Voran. 
7:30 Special Program.- — Dramatic Arts Department. 
8 : 00 " Jesus and the Present Crisis." — R. H. Miller. 

Thursday, Feb. 21 

8:30-10:00 Ministerial Conference in charge of W. H. 

8 : 30 " How Lift the Depression From the Heart 
Without Lifting the Mortgage." — X. L. Cop- 
9: 00 "How Make the Religious Education Home 

Emphasis Effective?" — Earl Frantz. 
9 : 30 " Does the Church Need a New Emphasis in 
Her Presentation of Christian Truth?" — Ray 
8 : 30-10 : 00 Young People's Conference. — Dan West. 
10:00 Chapel Address.— R. H. Miller. 
10:40-11:30 "Studies in Book of Ruth."— Prof. Ray C. 

11:30-12:30 Bible Hour, " Ezekiel."— R. H. Miller. 
12 : 30 Noon Hour. — Special Dinner at the Church. 
2:30-3:30 Men's Work Program. 
2 : 00-3 : 30 Women's Work Program. 
3 : 30 Music in the Church. — A. C. Voran. 
7 : 30 Special Program. — The College Orchestra. 
8:00 Address. "Where Shall We Place the Emphasis?"— 
R. H. Miller. 

Friday, Feb. 22 

8:30-10:00 Ministerial Conference in charge of W. H. 
8:30 "Securing an Adequate Church Plan." — James 

9: 15 "What Should We Do to Prepare an Adequate 
Ministry for 1950?"— C. E. Davis. 
8:30-10:00 Young People's Conference. — Dan West. 
10 : 00 Chapel Address.— Dan West. 
I'O: 40-11: 30 "Studies in the Book of Ruth."— Prof. Ray C. 

11:30-12:00 Closing Address, "Let's Share."— R. H. Miller. 
AlcPherson, Kans. V. F. Schwalm. 


Public Worship 

Psa. 22: 22-25; 27: 1-6 

February 17 

1. Ancient Israel Assembled for 'Worship 

a. They assembled at Sinai, Ex. 19: 17. 

b. The feasts at Jerusalem drew large crowds, 2 Chron. 
30: 13. 

c. "The assembly of the righteous," Psa. 89: 5; 111: 1. 

2. Assembling on the Sabbath Was Customary in the Time 
of Christ 

a. Jesus was a regular attendant, Luke 4: 16-20. 

b. He taught in the synagogues. Matt. 26: 55; John 18: 20. 

c. The apostles were sure of an audience on the sabbath, 
Acts 16: 13; 18: 4. 

3. Public Worship Is Vital to Our Religious Life 

a. We are exhorted to assemble, Heb. 10: 25. 

b. It is necessary for teaching and preaching the Word. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 

^.A hundred or a thousand may protit from a good 
semion as well as one or t\vo."i 

c. Church attendance helps to identify one as a Chris- 
tian in the community. Matt. 5 : 16. 

d. There is inspiration in numbers. {It gives volume to 
our praise in song; by our presence and testimony we 
are an encouragement to each other.") 

0. Souls are often won, Acts 2: 4o, 47. 

Question: Do you know any really consecrated Christians 
who willfully and habitually absent themselves from pub- 
lic worship ? 


Which Way? 

When the King of Jugoslavia was shot, there was danger 
to the peace of Europe and therefore to the world, for ex- 
actly the same reason that there was danger to the peace of 
Europe and therefore to the world when a crown prince 
\\-as shot in 1914. 

Here is the situation : One country is pretty well satisfied 
with things as they are. Another country, a near neigh- 
bor, is badly dissatisfied with things as they are. In the 
dissatisfied countrj' there are a number of people who want 
to bring about some kind of a change. They are desperate. 
They go out and kill the head of the other country, the 
crown prince or the king. 

If the satisfied countrj' is a strong country, it is likely to 
bring pressure for punishment. That is what Austria-Hun- 
gary did in 1914. The result was a four-year World War. 
That is what Jugoslavia did in 1934. But there was this 
difference in 1934; there was another means of bringing 
pressure. The nations met at Geneva. Instead of a four- 
year war they had a four-day argument. There were some 
hard words passed, some feelings injured, and some na- 
tions humiliated, but there weren't ten million dead nor 
twenty million wounded. 

Whether this new way would or would not have worked 
in 1914. it did work in 1934. Whether the League of Na- 
tions would or would not have prevented war in 1914, it 
did prevent it in 1934. — J. E. Stoner. 

Note — The Bibliography on the Munitions Questions 
which appeared in this section last week was prepared by 
L. W. Shultz, representing the Manchester College faculty — 
the Peace Commission of the Church of the Brethren. 


A Guide for the Leader 

For the leader who has been chosen to teach a standard 
leadership training course, numbers of helps are available ; 
some new ones have recently appeared. 

" Leaders' Guides " have been prepared for many of the 
more frerjuently used courses, as follows: 

1. 20c — A Study of the Pupil, Course No. 1. 

Principles of Teaching, Course No. 2. 
Curriculum of Religious Education, Course No. 92. 

2. 25c — Guide for All Bible Courses in the Curriculum. 

3. 15c — Message and Program of the Christian Religion, 

Course No. 5. 

4. 20c — Teaching Work of the Church, Course No. 6. 

Church School Administration, Course No. 91. 
Administration of Week Day Church Schools, 

Course No. 117. 
Administration of Vacation Church Schools, 

Course No. 118. 

5. JOc— Study of Childhood, Courses Nos. 11, 21, 31, 41. 

6. 20c — Beginner Department Courses, Nos. 21, 22, 23, 


7. 20c— Primary Department Courses, Nos. 31, 32, 33, 203. 

8. 20c — Junior Department Courses, Nos. 41, 42, 43, 204. 

9. 20c — Young People's Division Courses, Nos. 51, 52, 53; 

61, 62, 63; 71, 72, 73; 51-61-71, 52-62-72, 53-63-73, 
and 301. 

10. 25c — Adult Specialization Courses. 

11. 15c — Supervision in Religious Education, Course No. 93. 

12. 15c — Missionary Materials and Methods, Course No. 


13. 15c — Training in Worship and the Devotional Life, 

Course No. 107. 

14. 15c — Religious Education in the Family, Course No. 


15. 15c — Recreational Leadership, Course No. 110. 

16. 20c— World Missions, Course No. 308. 

Order from Board of Christian Education, 22 South State 
St., Elgin, 111., cash with order. 


A Word to the District Officers 

If after completing your report according to the speci- 
fications of the district blanks, you have anything additional 
to report concerning your district or any of the local 
groups, please do so. Especially, if there is something in 
your district which you feel has not been adequately re- 
ported according to the specifications of the blank, state 
this information as you think it should be stated. There 
will be plenty of vacant space on the back of the report 
blank. The office at Elgin will welcome all such additional 
information as it may be of value for our files and helpful 
to some one else. May we be prompt in turning in the final 
district reports to the office — not later than April 1. 

Would it be expecting too much to have a report from 
each of the forty-nine districts in time for it to become a 
part of the Conference report? Again may we call your 
attention to the final rally — the achievement of our goal? 
Let us strive earnestly and zealously so that we may ex- 
perience the " well done " when the records are filed at the 
first of March. 

To Those Who Have Not Used the Women's Work 

You will be glad for this opportunity to make your con- 
tribution toward achieving the goal of Women's Work — 
toward spreading the gospel in India, China and Africa. 
Place what you can give in the envelope and return to your 
local director, and she will send it to your district sec- 
retary-treasurer, who in turn will send it to Elgin. Your 
church will receive credit if you send the name of your 
congregation along with your offering. 

By so doing you not only help to achieve the goal in 
Women's Work, but also the Conference Budget; and 
what is more important, you have a part in spreading the 
gospel of the kingdom of God. 

A Final Word 

Any local director of Women's Work or any individual 
woman may have as many of the above statements and 
envelopes together with a folder describing the girls' schools 
as she can use. There is time to contact every woman who 
has not yet given if some one in each church will be used 
of the Lord to reach those who have not responded. We 
know that many do not read the Messenger, so you who do, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 


must touch the others and encourage them to respond. 
And then those of us who have already worked and served 
and given must, as always, give our last gift — the gift that 
perhaps hurts, but let us cover the hurt with a prayer that 
the Lord may bless the gift in his service. — Mrs. Ross D. 


Junior Missionary Project for 1935 

As promised in the Dec. 15, 1934, Gospel Messenger, more 
details of the Junior League Project are herewith given : 

The Junior Missionary Project for 1935 is based on the 
two great and interesting countries of China and Japan. It 
is true that our church has no mission work in Japan, never- 
theless our Junior children need to know about these fasci- 
nating people and to learn to understand them and show 
them the spirit of goodwill. China is just across the channel 
from Japan. Our missionaries have been working in China 
for twenty-six years. This missionary project will give the 
Juniors, Intermediates and Primaries the chance to work 
and to give to the school children of China. 

The following materials are available from the General 
Mission Board, to help you carry out this project : 

1. The little leaflets, " Little Japanese and Chinese Neigh- 
bors " are free. They give full details concerning how to 
carry through the project. They give names of supple- 
mentary helps. 

2. A story book entitled " Rainbow Bridge " gives a de- 
lightful account of a Japanese family. This book is 75c. 

3. An " Opening Program " and a " Closing Program," 
both filled with interesting stories, exercises and poems 
are to be sent to all who order them. 

4. A Junior Worship Program appears in the second is- 
sue of The Gospel Messenger each month. This worship 
program is prepared with the express purpose of helping 
in the Junior missionary project work. The twelve themes 
for this year are : 

January — The New Year Brings New Opportunity. 

February — Helping to Build a Better World. 

March — The Bible Meeting the Need of Japan. 

April — A Hero, All the World Honors. 

May — Appreciation of the Beautiful Things in China and 

June — How Our Chinese and Japanese Neighbors Help Us. 

July — The Church of the Brethren in China. 

August — Building Better Bodies in China. 

September — Giving Chinese School Opportunities. 

October — Witnessing for Christ in China. 

November — Gratitude for Our Chinese and Japanese 

December — Sharing the Christmas Joy and Message. 

In the General Mission Board Library, there are several 
very fine little books on both China and Japan, which will 
be loaned to those who pay postage both ways. Maps of 
China are also available, showing the location of our mis- 
sion stations. 

What an opportunity each junior group leader has to 
foster an interest in neighboring peoples and to awaken the 
spirit of appreciation and friendship for children of other 
lands. — Anetta Mow. 


** A Book of Discovery " 

" Give intermediates something to do." Someone asks, 

"What can they do?" We have an answer. Order a copy 
of "A Book of Discovery," stating whether you are work- 
ing with boys or girls. This book has eighty-five pages, 
filled with suggestions for activities that will be of interest 
to intermediates. Some of the projects picked at random 
from the book are : 

Character Rating Chart 

Your Room at Home 

Let's Take a Trip 

Our Church Officers 

Pioneering at School 

Grace at Meals 

A Game Hike 

A Play with a Point 

Those persons who are working with intermediates, in 
Sunday-school, Sunday evening meetings or clubs, will find 
this book very helpful. Order from the Board of Christian 
Education, 22 South State Street, Elgin, 111. The price is 


The Leader in a New Group 

A. The Leader — As a Member of New Groups 

Here is a good chance for a Young People's leader to 
check up on himself, and he ought to be honest even if it 

1. Can you meet strangers easily? 

2. Do j'ou have the habit of forming new acquaintances? 

3. When you travel, are you more interested in people or 
in things? The same question put differently: If you could 
choose, would you rather go to see Hull House or talk with 
Jane Addams? 

4. In a new community do you like to get acquainted 

5. Do you hesitate to walk into new groups of young 

6. Do you make a habit of meeting a new group every 

7. After you have met a new group, are you content to go 
back and work harder with the old group? 

B. What He Wants to Do 

If he insists on the Way of Living as the big thing in 
Christianity, he will expect something of his young people 
as persons. Here are some characteristics that might be 
worth considering: 

1. Physically healthy and personally responsible to keep 
that way. Passing up the whole drug series not from fear, 
but because they are eager for the best living. 

2. Mentally healthy. Free from worry. Content with 
simple, effective living. Honest with themselves — " an eye 
for reality." Gay of spirit. Able to rest. Growing through 

3. Informed up to the limit of their chance and eager to 
learn. Able to guide their own education. 

4. Building their ideals into their habit systems. 

5. PoisecL Unmoved by advertisers' appeals to sex, pride 
and fear. 

6. Masters of machines, but not obsessed by speed. Their 
happiness won't depend on machines. 

7. Valuing persons more than anything else. 

8. Never satisfied with themselves or with the world in 
which they live Hungry for perfection. Courageous enough 
to do something about it, 

(Continued on Page 18) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 


Calendar for Sunday, February 3 

Sunday-school Lesson, Pctcr"-; Restoration. — John 21: 11- 

Christian Workers' Meeting, The Inner Chamber. 
B. Y. P. D. Programs: 

Young People — Home, Church, School. 
Intermediates — Our Pioneers and Their Church. 
♦ ♦ <• ♦ 
Gains for the Kingdom 

Two baptisms in the Uniontown church. Pa. 

Four baptisms in the Keyser church, W. Va. 

Two baptisms in the Rocky Ford church, Colo. 

Five baptisms in the Cedar Rapids church, Iowa. 

Three baptisms in the Independence church, Kans. 

Three baptisms in the Lincoln Heights Mission, Ohio. 

Seventeen added to the Spring Creek church. Pa., Bro. B. 
F. Waltz, pastor-evangelist. 

One baptism in the Auburn church, Ind., Bro. A. F. Mor- 
ris of Garrett, Ind., evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Topeco church, \'a., Bro. Harold 
Row of Junior, W. Va., evangelist. 

Six added to the Beaver Run church, W. Va., Bro. J. W. 
Fyock of Monticello, Ind., evangelist. 

Eleven baptisms in the Sabetha church, Kans., Bro. W. T. 
Luckett of Hutchinson, Kans., evangelist. 

Twenty-six added to the West Dayton church, Ohio, Bro. 
J. -A. Robinson of Johnstown, Pa., evangelist. 

Eleven baptisms in the Harrisonburg church, \''a., Bro. 
J. H. Cassady of Washington, D. C, evangelist. 

Twenty-five baptisms in the West Eel River church, Ind., 
Bro. Ralph R. Hatton of Toledo, Ohio, evangelist. 

Ten baptisms in the Brookville church, Ohio, Bro. M. J. 
Brougher of Greensburg, Pa., evangelist; one baptism the 
week prior. 

Personal Mention 

Bro. J. Erwin Gnagey, 5804 Fourth Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y., 
is now available for evangelistic meetings. 

Last Saturday morning brought the hoped for cable from 
Bombay telling of the arrival there of our deputation breth- 
ren all safe and well. What a comfort a few words can 

Bro. Jason B. Hollopeter, Rockton, Pa., says " amen to the 
college president " quoted in miscellaneous items of Jan. 19. 
■' What we need is not a new gospel but new men filled with 
the old gospel. It is still the power of God unto salvation." 
There was more of that same tenor in his fine and discern- 
ing letter. 

Bro. Lester E. Fike widens his pastoral ministry at Clovis, 
New Mexico, by writing short sermons " for the isolated 
membership of the Clovis church." Distances are magnif- 
icent in that country and the flock gets pretty well scattered, 
but this shepherd thinks all the sheep need nourishment. 
We may be able to show you later some samples of the 
feed he gives the far away ones. 

Bro. Jacob Harthman of Dover, Minn., ncaring 91 and in 
good health, goes daily several blocks from his home to his 
carpenter shop to work. He lives with his daughter, his 
good wife having passed on some seven years ago. Recent- 
ly he made two offering plates and some flower pedestals 

which he presented to the Lewiston church where he holds 
liis inombcrship. On a Sunday afternoon not long ago Pas- 
tor J. A. Eddy and wife, Correspondent Lulu Williams and 
six other members drove over to Dover to visit Bro. Harsh- 
man. They sang old hymns and talked of things of mutual 
interest. Can't you imagine how the old man liked it? You 
can if you know that he is a " staunch member . . . has 
lived a fine exemplary Christian life . . . and is an 
earnest reader of the Gospel Messenger." 

Bro. J. Homer Bright, in a letter from China to the mis- 
sion rooms under date of Dec. 15 last, referred to the slaying 
of the missionaries, Rev. John C. Stam and wife, by com- 
munist bandits. This tragic event is still fresh in the minds 
of all of us and it will be a point of added interest to Mes- 
senger readers to know that Airs. Stam, when she was Betty 
Scott, " and our daughter Esther roomed together three 
years at Tunchou American School." 

Bro. J. H. Moore, writing under date of Jan. 21, says, 
among other things : " At a recent meeting of Brethren 
tourists, friends and others, there were over 200 pres- 
ent. . . . Have just had a nice talk with Bro. Early. 
We frequently get together. This climate agrees with him. 
Now and then he gives us a splendid sermon. Bro. H. J. 
Harnly, wife and son, of McPherson, are just across the 
street from my home. We too have some nice talks." It 
seems evident that Bro. Moore likes " nice talks." We shall 
not be surprised to hear that the parties of the second part 
like them too. 

Miscellaneous Items 

The Yearbook for 1935 will be coming in due time. Delay 
in sending in reports held up progress for a time. Please 
note that all regular subscribers will get the Yearbook. 
This includes those subscribing at the special church club 
rate. To others the price this year is 10 cents. 

In the Libertyville church, Batavia, Iowa, "We have been 
able to place The Gospel Messenger in 75% of our homes on 
this special offer," writes Sister Helen Carter, the church 
correspondent. But that is not all. She adds: "We shall 
try to hold tests and discussions on various topics in The 
Gospel Messenger to both encourage its reading and to im- 
press the better things of life more clearly upon our minds." 

More than 200 churches have succeeded with that special 
offer on The Gospel Messenger. Next week we hope to be- 
gin to publish a list of these wide awake congregations. 
Details of our economical plan for putting the Messenger 
in not less than 75% of the resident families of a church 
will be gladly given. Address : Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111. See convenient blank printed on page 25. 

The Pacific Coast Regional Conference' will be held at 
La Verne College, Feb. 5-10. The conference theme will be 
" Christ in the Life of the Home." Our main guest speaker 
will be Dr. W. W. Peters, former instructor in Manchester 
College, and later, president of Mt. Morris College, now 
teaching at the University of Illinois. Others giving mes- 
sages will be pastors, and college and public school admin- 
istrators and teachers of northern and southern California. 
Music and fellowship meals will be prominent features of 
the conference. A welcome is extended to all. Arrange- 
ments have been made for room. Meals at a moderate 
rate. — Harlan J. Brooks. 

Southern Ohio is to have important district gatherings 
during this month. On Feb. 3 there arc to be missionary 
conferences at Pitsburg and West Charleston. At Pitsburg 
Dr. C. C. Ellis will speak at 2 : 30 P. M. and Anetta C. Mow 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 


and President Otho Winger at 7 : 30 P. M. At West Charles- 
ton meetings will be held at the same hours, but with Dr. 
C. C Ellis speaking at 7 : 30 P. M. and Anetta C. Mow and 
President Otho Winger at 2 : 30 P. M. These meetings are 
important mission rallies for the benefit of all Southern 
Ohio. This movement was started last year with A. D. Rei- 
ser, Ida C. Shumaker and President Winger as speakers. 
The meetings just listed are not to be confused with the 
Women's Work meeting to be held at Trotwood on Feb. 20. 
This last will have forenoon and afternoon sessions. There 
will be special music, addresses and dramatizations. The 
morning session of this women's meeting is to open at 9 : 30 

The schedule for the tour of Virginia churches by Dr. D. 
W. Kurtz, Feb. 9 to 17, is as follows: Saturday, Feb. 9, 
Bridgewater, 11:30 A. M., closing address of Spiritual Life 
Institute; Newport, 7:30 P. M., Winning the World 
Through Childhood. Sunday, Feb. 10: Mt. Zion, 11 A. M., 
Ideals of the Church of the Brethren; Luray Methodist, 7: 30 
P. M., Three Choices of Youth. Monday, Feb. 11 : Valley 
Pike, 2 P. M., Choosing a Hero; 7:30 P. M., Ideals of the 
Church of the Brethren. Tuesday, Feb. 12 : Linville Creek, 
11 A. M., The Man Four Square; 7:30 P. M., Three Choices 
of Youth. Wednesday, Feb. 13 : Harrisonburg, 10 :30 A. M., 
Ideals of the Church of the Brethren; 7:30 P. M., The 
Nemesis of the Nations. Thursday, Feb. 14: Beaver Creek, 
11 A. M., The Symphony of Life; Sangerville, 7:30 P. M., 
The Philosophy of Progress. Friday, Feb. 15 : Mill Creek, 2 
P. M., The Life the Light of Men ; 7: 30 P. M., Three Choic- 
es of Youth. Saturday, Feb. 16: Middle River, 11 A. M., 
Ideals of the Church of the Brethren ; 7 : 30 P. M., The Pas- 
sion Play. Sunday, Feb. 17, Daleville ; opening day of Bible 
institute.— A. J. Caricofe, Luray, Va. 
♦♦* ♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ 
With Our Schools 

Bethany Biblical Seminary 

Dr. D. W. Kurtz, president of the Seminary, conducted a 
two weeks' series of evangelistic meetings at the Elkhart 
City, Indiana, church, during the holiday season, closing 
with a love feast. Bro. Lorell Weiss, a graduate of Bethany 
Biblical Seminary, is pastor of the Elkhart church. 

Dr. A. C. Wieand was one of the chief instructors at the 
Bible Institute held at Elizabethtown College, January 20-27. 

The many friends of Prof. Alvin F. Brightbill will join 
with us in expressing sympathy in the death of his father, 
Jan. 19. The Bethany family, the members of the choir of 
the First church, and friends, gave tangible evidence of 
their sympathy by raising a purse sufficient to pay the ex- 
penses of his trip home to attend the funeral, which would 
not ha,ve been possible otherwise, due to the sacrifice Bro. 
Brightbill is making for the music work of the church. 

The Week of Prayer was observed at the First church by 
a service each evening in charge of the following speakers : 
J. W. Lear — dean of the Seminary, Elgin S. Moyer — regis- 
trar and libarian, Chalmer Faw, Walter S. Coffman and 
Raymond R. Peters. The last three are student ministers 
at Bethany Biblical Seminary. 

George D. Weybright, a Seminary student, was licensed to 
the ministry, Dec. 23, by his home church. 

Professor Penry L. Rohrer reports a good sale of his new 
book, " Let's Stay Married." --- 

McPherson College 
Finger tips, almost on a Rhodes scholarship. Elmer B. 

Staats, president of the senior class, exhibiting scholastic 
attainments and qualities of manhood sought in candidates, 
was chosen as one of two Kansas representatives to compete 
in district number V, composed, as are all eight districts, of 
six states. The state universities of Minnesota, Iowa, Mis- 
souri, and Kansas secured one place each. 

A Christmas gift of $2,500. So a local bank informed the 
college office that Lawyer John Grattan of the city of Mc- 
Pherson had placed on deposit for McPherson College. Un- 
restricted. This puts our good friend in a class with Abou 
Ben Adhem rather than Santa Claus ; and, accordingly, the 
first verse of the poem is our prayer, too. 

February 17-22 marks the coming Regional Conference. 
President A. W. Palmer of Chicago Theological Seminary 
is slated for excellent addresses. Prof. R. H. Miller of Man- 
chester College and Dan West are booked also for leading 

Invocation at the inaugural ceremonies of Governor Alf 
M. Landon of Kansas, Jan. 14, was pronounced by President 
Schwalm. The Kansas City Star and leading Kansas news- 
papers gave pictorial accounts of the platform celebrities. 


Second Commandment — True Neighborliness 

Theme for February — Understanding My Neighbor 

Mark 12: 28-34; Matt. 22: 34-40 

For Week Beginning February 10 
The First Commandment, Deut. 6: 4-8 

A recognition of this commandment and at least a partial 
obedience to it made the Hebrews a separate people. Sur- 
rounding religions were different in that fear, not love, 
ruled the hearts of the worshipers. 
The Second Commandment, Matt. 22: 39 

Like unto the first in importance, Matt. 5 : 44-46. 

That ye love one another, John 15 : 17. 

Enemies included, Rom. 12: 20. 
Love's Measure 

Even as I liave loved you, John 13 : 34. 

Greater love hath no man than this, John 15: 13. 

Christ gave himself for us, Eph. 5:2. 
Love's Suprenxacy 

More than burnt offerings, Mark 12: 33. 

The geatest of these, 1 Cor. 13: 13. 

The bond of perfectness. Col. 3 : 14. 
Love's Sincerity 

Love without hypocrisy, Rom. 12: 9. 

Love expresses itself in deeds of kindness. It consists of 
more than mere words, 1 John 3 : 18. 
Love Offers All 

Listen to Paul, Acts 20: 24. He gave the strength of his 
body, soul and mind so that others might know the saving 
power of the gospel of salvation through Jesus Christ. He 
himself had experienced this on the day of his conver- 
sion and each succeeding day. Paul did something with 
liis experience. 
Puzzling Questions for the Quiet Hour 

How could the church a hundred years ago justify slav- 
ery in the light of these many scriptures on brotherhood 
and love ? 

What about war and the New Testament? 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 

The Leader in a New Group 

(Continued From Page 15) 
C. How He Go«s About It 

More study. "All learning i> analytic." 

Make another list of your young people in a coluniti on 
ruled paper and draw lines to make eight more columns. 
Head these extra columns with the words or phrases un- 
derlined ill section B above. In each block place -| — |-, +, 
?. — , or whichever best describes that person. 

Before you have gone far you may discover that you 
don't know your young people. That is a great discovery. 
Then if you really care for them, you will study to know 

When you are ready to do it. make another analysis based 
on section B in the issue for Jan 12; also a third study from 
B in Tai< 10. is?tie 



In a little village in China at sunrise the street was aclat- 
ter with the sound of the wooden-soled shoes on the hard 
narrow streets as the mothers came carrying their little 
children to the early morning meeting, and after the sun 
had gone down at night Martin Smith and his wife and 
seven children were finding their way back to their little 
cabin in the mountains of Kentucky over seven miles of 
rough, muddy road, having v.'alked all that distance to at- 
tend the evening service of the Day of Prayer in the little 
chapel. Surely the world is bound around the feet of God 
by chains of prayer on the World's Day of Prayer. 

On March 8, the Christians who girdle the globe are again 
called upon to unite in prayer. Will you not lay aside your 
tasks for awhile on that Friday and unite with the other 
praying ones? 

The program for the day is entitled : " Bear Ye One An- 
other's Burdens." It has been prepared by the Baroness 
\'an Boetzelaer of Holland. She shows in this splendid pro- 
gram that to learn how to pray is to learn how to live, that 
prayer is life raised to the highest degree, and that through 
prayer we bear one another's burdens. 

It is now but one month before the Day of Prayer. Sure- 
ly you are planning to have the service of prayer in your 
church. Time passes very quickly, so order your programs 
right away. The program, " Bear Ye One Another's Bur- 
dens," is 2c ; the little leaflet, " The Call to Prayer," is 
free. The posters are 5c apiece. Order from the General 
Mission Board, Elgin, 111. Postage is appreciated. 

Elgin, 111. Anetta C. Mow. 


The Thirteenth Annual Winter Conference of the South- 
ern Ohio B. Y. P. D., held at the Oakland church, Dec. 28 to 
30, had as its theme, " Home and You." It was acclaimed 
one of the best conferences ever held by the young people 
of Southern Ohio, with approximately 350 enrolled and a 
banquet attendance of nearly 300; the conference came to a 
close on Sunday afternoon. Following the installation of 
officers, and a closing prayer by Bro. Martin, pastor of the 
Oakland church, the entire congregation, numbering nearly 
600, sang reverently and harmoniously: "Into our homes, 
into our homes, come into our homes, Lord Jesus. Come in 
today, come in to stay, come into our homes, Lord Jesus." 

Though the conference is ended, its influence and inspira- 
tion, we hope, will continue. 

The conference was opened on Friday evening with a 
dramatic presentation by the choir of the West Dayton 
Church of the Brethren, entitled " Goodwill to Men." Aside 
from being well rendered, it lent itself well to creating a 
splendid atmosphere for the sessions which followed on 
Saturday and Sunday. 

At the beginning of the Saturday morning session a theme 
song, "Conic Into Our Homes, Lord Jesus," was introduced 
by Bernice Wenger Stebbins, who conducted the worship 
program at that session. This song was used at each session 
during the remainder of the conference — often as a closing 

Speakers for the conference included : Dr. Paul H. Bow- 
man, President of Bridgewater College, Opal Hay of Brook- 
ville, Thelma Shellhaas of Pleasant Hill, Mabel Couser of 
Dayton, Prof. Frank B. Slutz of Dayton, and Bro. H. B. 
Martin of the Oakland church. 

Dr. Bowman in his addresses emphasized the need of en- 
lightened parenthood. In part he said, " The child to be is 
molded by heredity, environment and education, and in or- 
der to give him the best possible chance none of these fac- 
tors must be neglected. If our civilization is to improve, 
youth is the architect that must do the task." 

Paul Kinsel served as toastmaster at the banquet Satur- 
day evening at which time Prof. Slutz addressed the group 
on " Making the Home Christian." He emphasized five part- 
nerships that will exist in the home when it is Christian. 
They are : intellectual, physical, spiritual, social and finan- 

Mrs. Hay, in her talk on "Youth in the Home," outlined 
a ten-point program which stressed the value of coopera- 
tion and sharing responsibilities in the home. Mrs. Shell- 
haas gave a very inspiring talk on " Making a House a 
Home," while Mrs. Couser played on the finer emotions in 
her talk, " Growing With the Years." 

Bro. H. B. Alartin occupied the pulpit on Sunday morning 
and impressed his listeners with the fact that the church if 
given the opportunity can contribute much more to the 
home than it has in the past, and that a home without the 
aid and influence of the church can not stand. 

Cabinet members elected to serve during 1935 are as fol- 
lows : Paul Kinsel, president; Margaret Beck, vice presi- 
dent; Lucille Noffsinger, secretary; Rachael Erbaugh, cor- 
responding secretary; Harold Stoner, treasurer; John 
Kneisly, Joseph Neher, Eunice Denlinger, Treva Swink, 
Martha Shellhaas. The retiring cabinet members are: 
Robert NofTsinger, Alma Studebaker Nof?singer and Walter 

Those attending the conference were unanimous in their 
praise of the people of Oakland for their hospitality and 
their untiring efforts in planning and laboring for the suc- 
cess of the conference. It was good to be there. 

Dayton, Ohio. Walter E. Stebbins, Editor. 


Northeastern Ohio closed 1934 with the Men's Work 
showing a greater organization not only in numbers, but in 
efTorts and cooperation. 

The First church of Canton reported recently having a 
father and son banquet and reorganizing the Men's Work 
for the new year. 

The Lincoln Heights church of Mansfield has the Men's 
Work organized in fine shape. They are working on a proj- 
ect to provide a new building in which to worship. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 


The Wooster church has also recently organized the 
Men's Work for a new year. Their efforts are greatly ap- 
preciated as a rural church; their response and determina- 
tion and their interest in personal evangelism will put them 
forward in building a greater church. 

The Black River church, too, has had its Men's Work 
organized for some time. They have contributed much to 
the support and interest of their rural church. They find 
work to do and do it. There is nothing more inspiring and 
significant of a good community than to drive along the 
highway and see a beautiful and well kept country church 
building and grounds. 

The church at Olivet continues in its good work. The fa- 
ther and son banquet was enjoyed as one of their greatest 

Over at Hartville they have a great and joyous time when 
they meet for a father and son banquet. These are fellow- 
ship events, serving to unite men. 

At the Ashland City church we enjoyed a New Year's eve 
together, having invited the ladies in to share with us apples, 
popcorn and a good program. In the earlier part of the 
evening the men had their regular business meeting in 
which they made a very definite decision that their support 
to the deputation on the mission field must go forward, and 
their remittance be made at once. Also it was unanimously 
voted that the men put in a final effort in supporting in a 
successful way The Gospel Messenger club offer. We de- 
cided to have our men represented at the coming meeting of 
the council of Men's Work of our city. A foreman of the 
manual part of our Men's Work was elected. The men have 
worked hard and faithfully at converting an adjoining prop- 
erty into an educational building, cooperating with the 
Women's Work in building a kitchen to it; equipping it 
with a furnace, installing plumbing, painting and beautify- 
ing the newly acquired property. They have installed new 
windows in the church, pointed the brick, and just recently 
completed installation of a baptistry and larger platform 
in the church. Their efforts have meant a great blessing to 
us all. We too enjoyed a father and son banquet in No- 
vember with seventy in attendance. It is human to want to 
adventure. Conditions of less than a century ago have 
changed, so we have to go into another sphere of life to 
find adventure. Regardless of the field of endeavor, we find 
nothing greater than the successful adventure of Christ as 
he blazed a trail of victory over all, and through a world 
of sin, to a life supreme. 

We are happy in this way to bring the year to a close ; 
yet there are many who will find they are overlooking a 
great opportunity in not encouraging a greater Men's Work. 
From information I have gathered, from a total membership 
of 2,679, 462 are men twenty-one or over, 270 are boys of an 
age ten to twenty-one. These two groups represent great pos- 
sibilities for organization and work. Through greater interest 
and closer cooperation Men's Work can move forward, and 
we will all be the happier for it. May we all look forward 
to a year of greater accomplishment in Men's Work. 

Ashland, Ohio. U. S. Kreider. 

profit, what shall he do with it; sell at cost or give it away? 
Shall he refuse to raise any? If so, what becomes of peace- 
ful citizens who need food? Wheat — or any other food — is 
necessary in peace as well as in war. 

Then the question of relief. I see much truth in the state- 
ments in that paragraph, but do they really justify the con- 
clusion that we should not participate in relief? Did Jesus 
refuse to minister to suffering humanity until assured that 
they would use their renewed strength in the proper way? 
Consider that many of the suffering participants in the war 
were not vicious war promoters, but were themselves vic- 
tims of a vicious propaganda — sheep without a Good Shep- 
herd, doing what they thought to be their duty. Can we 
promote the cause of peace by refusing to rebuild torn 
bodies which have as great potentialities for Christian serv- 
ice as for war? Shall we work on the principle of destroy- 
ing men or of converting them? If, in giving relief, we are 
denied the opportunity to give relief to the enemy, whose 
fault is that; ours or the powers that withhold the oppor- 

These questions are not raised in a spirit of criticism but 
to help clarify our position on the war question. No doubt 
the writer of the article with myself and others is searching 
for the path that Jesus would tread now if he were here. 
Perhaps some one could give us additional light on these 
questions in future issues of the Messenger. 

May the Holy Spirit guide us to the solution. 

Huntington, Ind. J. Quinter Neff. 


As a conscientious objector in the World War, Kermit 
Eby's article in the Messenger of Dec. 22, is of special in- 
terest to me. I am wondering though if the last two para- 
graphs of that article are a correct interpretation of the 
Ames Conference resolutions. 

Some of the questions that present themselves as I read 
are : If the Dunker farmer dare not sell his wheat at a 


Monday, Jan. 7, a crowd of forty or fifty people went to 
the docks on Terminal Island, San Pedro, Calif. (Los Angeles 
Harbor), to see the good ship, Tatsuta Maru, sail for Shang- 
hai with Susan Stoner aboard, en route for India. In this 
group were some of the most prominent leaders of the 
Church of the Brethren in Southern California. They came 
from cities all over our part of the state and included pas- 
tors, college professors and returned missionaries. 

The farewell meeting was held in a waiting room of the 
vessel. Miss Stoner stood by a table covered with little gifts 
to her. Near her were her mother, sister and aunt, their 
hearts heavy at the coming separation. 

Susan's friends clustered round her and sang two hymns. 
Then they clasped hands while a number prayed for Susan, 
her work, other missionaries and the family she left behind, 
special mention being made of the father, who was too 
feeble to be present. Susan was the last to pray. After that 
another song was sung, followed by " God Be With You Till 
We Meet Again," which brought tears to many eyes. 

The crowd broke up to see the rest of the boat and 
Susan's stateroom. In the first-class dining room we were 
surprised to see besides the repHca of a Buddhist Temple 
a repHca of a Roman CathoHc Christian church in San 

The unearthly din of queer oriental gongs ordered visitors 
off the boat, and again Miss Stoner's friends said farewell. 
All hngered on the dock until the boat sailed out to sea. 
Susan stood by the railing, not far from the gang plank. 
She was smiling, so happy to be going back to her beloved 
work. Below, opposite to her waited her mother, three sis- 
ters, brother-in-law, aunt and nephews and nieces and her 

Then came the colorful spectacle when the passengers 
threw rolls of confetti ribbon to be caught by friends. As 
fast as Susan tossed a roll it was seized by a little nephew 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 

or niece. Before long a fairy network was woven. Then 
the ganpplank was put away, the steamer whistled coarse 
blasts and the boat started. Susan's mother and other kin 
followed to the end of the dock to catch a last glimpse of 
the slender girl, smiling and waving farewell to those she 
lovd most. 

Taking in the spectacle were Harlan Brooks and wife and 
Miss Ella Ebbert. What were their thoughts as they saw 
the boat start on the first lap toward their adopted home? 
As for the rest of us, we were the richer for having come 
in contact with this lovely young woman and her brave 
colleagues. Maud ^lohlcr Trimmer. 

Lone Beach, Calif. 

5. Gosi>el Loop Missions: Some Testimonies 
Testimony of Tom Hickey, Superintendent of the Mission 

I have a testimony tonight. I tried the pleasures of the 
world for many j-ears, thinking I did not need God. I was 
a wise guy, and thought I could take care of mj^self. I was 
a drunkard, a blasphemer and a gambler. I did all that was 
bad. I was playing with sin, but soon found that sin was 
playing with me. I became a slave, and found the devil to 
be a hard taskmaster. I had become his tool. But I came 
to the end for mj-self, I had played with sin and the devil 
until I had lost all of my power. One night, about six years 
ago, after days of stubborn resistance at the meetings in 
this mission, I began to realize that I wanted God as I 
wanted nothing else. I wanted God with all my heart, I 
realized then that Christ would accept me. In short, I gave 
him my all. I found I could not straddle the fence. He 
saved me — my w^iole life. He made a new creature of me. 
The things I once loved, I now hated, and what I once 
scorned I now loved. The Lord has given me peace and 

Xow it seems just like a nightmare. I knew I was lost. 
I knew I was a licked man, but I hated to admit it. When 
I went up this aisle, it was the hardest task I ever attempted. 
But when I reached the altar, the burden rolled away, and 
I was happy and free. I had a clear conscience, I was free 
from the devil, my old taskmaster. I lost all my old desires, 
I was not thirsty for whiskey any more, I did not care for 
the old gang any more, Christ took away all the old desires. 
Behold, all things became new. 

Men, he wants to save you. What he has done for me he 
will do for j'ou. 

Some Excerpts 

I praise him for his saving and keeping power. 

Give Christ a trial. You will never want to turn back. 

Jesus saves, satisfies and keeps. 

Testimony of Charlie Mecklenburg, Cook for the Mission, 
About Seventy Years Old 

I wandered far away from God. For fifty years I wan- 
dered. I traveled over many seas. I was in many coun- 
tries. I became a great transgressor and found that the way 
of the transgressor is hard. Without Christ I was in sin and 
darkness, was living in blindness and despair. I was a man 
without a future I was lost. Finally, I came to the end 
of the way, I could not save myself, and I was without 

One day I came to Chicago, I walked the streets of the 
city. Then I sat down in front of the Court Theatre and be- 
gan to think. There passed before my eyes my whole life 
like a film passing before the lens, I then knew I had 

lived on the wrong side of life, I saw the darkness and 
hopelessness, but did not know what to do, I did not know 
how to get help, I did not know Jesus or the way of sal- 
vation. The next day God's Spirit led me to this mission 
and I found God, Thank God, Jesus lifted me out of my 
sins. He showed me the way that leads up. By the abun- 
dance of his grace he saved me from my sins, and his love 
is deep in my soul, I have since that time realized his sav- 
ing and keeping power, I know whom I have believed and 
am persuaded that he is able to keep me, Jesus will carry 
me through. Praise his holy name. 

Testimony of Mr. Barry — A Christian on Fire for Christ 

I have been a church member all my life. But I was not 
saved. I made my confessions in man made methods. I 
confessed to men, but my sins were still there. The Word 
came to me in the Cook County jail a few years ago and I 
accepted the Lord in mj^ own crude way. But he heard me 
and saved me. I prospered for several years. Then I for- 
got God and wandered away again. I lost my home and my 
wife and children. I came to this mission a little more than 
a year ago. On that last Thursday night of October, I 
w^alked down this aisle broken and whipped. I promised 
Brother Tom I would come all the way. I did. I really ac- 
cepted Christ, and the burden of my sins rolled away. Jesus 
has kept me safe and I am happy. What the Lord has done 
for me he will do for you. I recommend him to you. 

Testimony of Bob D'Ollier 

I love the Lord Jesus, and must bear my testimony. I was 
the worst of sinners. I committed every sin condemned of 
God. I got so low that I lost my self-respect. I had lost 
all my friends. No one loved me and I loved no one. I 
hated God and despised all that is good. I was in the 
depth of sin. Night after night I found some little hole to 
spend the night and wished that I might never see the light 
of another day. I was sure hell could be no worse than 
my state was then. Yet I was afraid to die. 

I was in a sad plight. I saw ahead the potter's field, a 
drunkard's grave. I had no hope but a drunkard's hell. 
Yes, I knew that hell was my destiny. No one needed to tell 
me that. Common sense told me. 

Organizations could not help me. Doctors and drugs could 
not help me. Hospitals could not help me. Only Christ 
could help me. One night in a little missioii I crept into the 
presence of Christ. There was one thing that I wanted 
more than anything else in the world. I wanted a friend. I 
prayed a little prayer, " God be merciful to me a sinner, and 
save me for Jesus' sake." There on my knees I found 
Christ not only a Friend, but my Savior. In the twinkling 
of an eye he helped me. He changed me. He lifted me up. 
He saved me. I knelt a miserable lost sinner; I arose a new 
creature. Yes, the moment I met Jesus he saved me, and 
now for six years he has kept me. I am now what I shall be 
throughout eternity, a sinner saved by grace. 

It is wonderful what God through Jesus can do with a mis- 
erable lost sinner like I was. He can make him a saint, 
make him over into the image of God himself. 

An Excerpt 

I have for six years been trying the new way, the Christ 
v/ay. I would not go back to the old way for anything. I 
am sure you would not either if you would step out for 

Testimony of Arthur Nelson 

Al)out three years ago I accepted Jesus Christ as my per- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1 935 


sonal Savior. On the second of November, 1931, I was walk- 
ing on West Lake Street, Chicago, when I stepped in front 
of the Gospel Loop Mission window to look at an old Bible 
lying open in the window. I saw some men go in the door, 
and I followed them in and sat down. The group from 
Bethany Biblical Seminary was in charge of the meeting 
that night (God bless them). I sat there and listened to 
how we all belong to God, but how he can not use us if we 
do not beheve and accept him, and how without faith we 
are lost. 

What I heard set me thinking. I went right home after 
the meeting. I know now that I was under conviction. The 
Spirit of God showed me my past life. I shall never forget 
how small and unimportant I felt. What a lot of sins I had 
forgotten, but God remembered them and showed them to 
me that night. I went down on my knees and promised God 
that if he would forgive me and help me start my life all 
over again, I would serve him the rest of my life. How I 
prayed that night! For some reason I was not sure that 
God heard me. But about four o'clock in the morning God 
gave me the assurance in my heart that all was well with 
my soul. A peaxe and a stillness that I had never experi- 
enced before came over me, and then I knew it was all real. 
Praise God. Thanks to the blessed Jesus who died for me 
that I should live. I am trusting in him. He cares for me, 
helps me, guides me ; and when the time comes for me to go 
home, I know that where he is there shall I be also. 

May God bless you, my friends, and help you to see life 
in the right way. Remember God can not use you the way 
you are ; first you must get right with him. 

Chicago, 111. Elgin S. Moyer. 


Eld. Frank M. Wheeler, aged 82, passed away at his 
home in Marshalltown the morning of Oct. 4, 1934. His 
death was due to heart trouble and infirmities of age. Al- 
though his illness that termin- 
ated in his death was not 
long, he had been failing in 
health for several years and 
had been dangerously ill two 
years ago. A journey Bro. 
Wheeler took by motor to 
relatives in his native state, 
Ohio, ten days before his 
death, undoubtedly overtaxed 
his strength and aggravated 
his infirmities. 

Bro. Wheeler was one of 
the real pioneers of this sec- 
tion of the country. He was 
born in Darke County, Ohio, 
Feb. 29, 1852, a son of Arthur and Ehzabeth Wheller. Both 
parents died when he was nine months old, and he was 
taken into the the family of David and Carolyn Steward 
who brought him to Marion township, in Marshall County, 
Iowa, in 1857. He sufifered the usual hardships along with 
his foster parents. Many were the interesting stories he 
could tell of his pioneer experiences. For many years he 
served as president of the Old Settlers Association. 

Brother Wheeler led an active Hfe and was very success- 
ful in farming and in the business world. He was a heavy 
stockholder in the Iowa Savings Bank of this city from its 
organization. He also served creditably for twenty-eight 
years as president of the Marshall County Farmers Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company. After leaving the farm in 1920, he 

served as an investment agent for a number of people who 
relied on his ability. 

Eid. Wheeler was also largely known for his devoted life 
in the ministry. He united with the Iowa River Church of 
the Brethren in 1891 and a few months later was ordained 
to the ministry. For forty-three years he served the local 
church in a vicarious service that will not be forgotten by 
the members. He never received any salary and he bore his 
share, and often more, in the giving for local ahd other 
needs. He gave considerable time and money for the erec- 
tion of a new house of worship in 1898, and it was largely 
through his efforts that the three Iowa districts erected an 
Old Folks' Home near this city. He not only willingly bore 
his share of the local ministerial work, but he also left his 
family for weeks at a time to hold evangelistic meetings. 
We have heard him relate that many times after conducting 
a funeral he found it necessary to pay traveling expenses 
from his own funds. 

Uncle Frank, as we all called him in later years, was 
blessed with an unusual life partner in the person of Miss 
Mary Leach, whom he married Jan. 19, 1873. She survives, 
as do also two children, ten grandchildren, and three 
great-grandchildren. Four children preceded the father 
in death. The members of the surviving family had many 
to sympathize with them when the still, mortal body left the 
local house of worship for the last time. Scores of friends 
were unable to get into the church house or basement to 
hear the final tribute to the memory of Uncle Frank. It 
was the largest attended funeral in the history of the church. 
Rev. C. E. Lookingbill of Nevada, Iowa, conducted the serv- 
ice, assisted by the local elder, G. W. Keedy. 

The life of our brother is a challenge to all of us. The life 
he lived, though mixed with hardships, sorrow, and unselfish 
service, was, nevertheless, the abundant Christian life. 

Marshalltown, Iowa. Harl Russell. 


Andrew Long, son of John and Nancy Long, was borrJ- 
near Greenville, Ohio, April 14, 1880, and died at his home- 
near Beaverton, Mich., Jan. 8, 1935. In his young manhoodi 
he was a student at Manchester College. Here he united 
with the Church of the Brethren, to which faith he ever re- 
mained loyal. While at college he met Miss WeUha Miller, 
to whom he was married at Beaverton, Jan. 15, 1905. Com- 
ing as they did only a few years after the Beaverton church 
was organized, they became identified with the early move- 
ments of the church and community life. For nine years 
he was a teacher in the public school, and for more than 
twenty years he constantly held offices of public trust in 
township and county. Six years ago he was elected to the 
office of Judge of Probate for Gladwin County court, which 
office he held until his resignation Jan. 3, just five days be- 
fore his death. 

It was his most earnest wish that he might be restored to 
health and resume the work that he loved so much. Twice 
he received the holy anointing and resting on the promises 
of God, he confidently expected, if it were God's will, to be 
healed of the disease that had laid hold upon him (multiple 
myeloma). But God had other and better plans for him 
and after twelve weeks of sufifering he quietly fell asleep in 

Again we are confronted with the mysteries of God's 
providences: a Christian judge is so much needed, and he 
has been taken. Only God knows why. Perhaps it was to 
leave us a rare example of Christian patience in the midst of 
fiery affliction. Perhaps God had a message of utmost im- 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 

ponaiice for tlie diversified aiulii-nco wlio gathered at the 
funeral service. Very earnestly they listened to the mes- 
sage as it was delivered by Bro. H. L. Hartsough of t^rtU 
Manchester, in behalf of his old friend and college mate. 
His text was taken from the words of Jesus, " I have called 
you friends." \'cry beautifully he elaborated on their long 
friendship, and made the spiritual application. Andrew 
Long was a friend of God, and it makes a great deal of dif- 
ference in our lives whether or not we are friends of God. 
There was much heart searching in that audience. 

He leaves his wife, two sons and a daughter and a little 
grandson. A host of friends have proven how loyal friends 
can be in the trying hour of sickness and death. His body 
was laid to rest in Highland cemetery at Gladwin. 

Beaverton, Mich. Olive Miller. 


Sister Lucy Hartman Long, beloved wife of Eld. A. W. 
Long, passed to her eternal reward Dec. 10, 1934. Bro. A. W. 
Long is a brother of L S. Long, for many years a missionary 

on the India field. 

A brief service was held 
at the home near Bealeton ; 
the funeral and burial took 
place at the Midland church. 
Bro. E. E. Nefif preached the 
sermon. Brethren Hine- 
gardner and Beahm took 
part in the services. 

Sister Long was born in 
Rockingham County, Va. 
She died near Bealeton, Va., 
at sixty-four years of age. 
She was the daughter of 
Peter Hartman. She early 
became a disciple of Jesus 
and proved a devout and faithful Christian woman of the 
Brethren faith. 

She and Bro. Long were married in 1893. This marriage 
was blessed with five children, three sons and two daugh- 
ters. All are members of the Church of the Brethren. One 
sister and two brothers also survive. 

Like her husband, she taught school for years. She was 
well fitted to be the mother, church worker and minister's 
wife that she was. Sister Long was outstanding in home 
economics, motherly functions, and in the Christian graces. 
She belonged to the Dorcas class. She was a queen in her 
home, a princess among women. She was sweet, cheerful 
and even-tempered. The Christian radiance of her self was 
cheering and uplifting everywhere. Such a life is a rich 
legacy to the children and to all. I. N. H. Beahm. 

N'okesville, Va. 


On Christmas Day in 1884 William I. Uuckingham and Catharine 
Nickcjr were united in marriage at the bride's home near Carlisle, Pa. 
They came immediately to Illinois where they made their home for 
several years. Here Bro. Buckingham was called to the ministry. 
Here their four children were born, one dying in young womanhood. 
They also adopted a daughter. They lived in Wisconsin tor a while, 
but came to Iowa twenty-six years ago, residing near Prairie City, 
except for a time when he was pastor of the Hampton church. 

On Christmas Day these good people were honored by the celebra- 
tion of their golden wedding anniversary at the church where they 
have labored so long and well. Over IV) members and friends were 
pre»ent to enjoy the day with thera and oflfer congratulations. A 
short program was rendered in the afternoon in which "Grandpa" 
and "Grandma," as these dear old people are commonly called, took 
part. One feature was the singing of a solo and duet arrangement 
which follows: 

We're RrowinR old togetlierr wife, 

Our heads are silvering fast; 
Our race of life will soon be run. 

.'Ml cares will soon be past; 
For years we've helped each other, wife 

Thro' rough .nnd stormy weather, 
Rut soon the cloiid.s will disappear 

For we're growing old together. 

Ah, well do I remember, wife. 

Those happy days long flown, 
When we' together crossed the fields. 

Where the hay was freshly mown; 
Those summer days flew swiftly by 

And winter crossed the heatlier. , 

But our love is just as strong today, 

Tho' we're growing old together. 

It seems but yesterday, dear wife. 

I stood with manly pride 
In the village church close by our home. 

And claimed you for n>y bride; 
And solemn were the vows we made. 

And said we'd both endeavor 
To cheer each other day by day. 

While growing old together. 

But best of all to me, dear wife. 

We know our Savior's love. 
His Word has cheered us all the way, 

And leads to realms above; 
We soon shall gain our mansion fair. 

Our home beyond the river. 
Where we shall see our Savior's face. 

And reign with him forever. 

A beautiful rocking-chair was presented to them as well as a num- 
ber of gifts from friends far and near. We are hoping we can keep 
Grandpa and Grandma with us for years to come and that they may be 
kept in the best of health. 

Monroe, Iowa. Mrs. J. B. Bowie. 


Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
marriage notice may be applied to a three months' Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
be made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

Baumgardner-Bowers. — By the undersigned, at Roop's Mills near 
Westminster, Md., Jan. 5, 1935, Sister Mary Ellen Bowers, only daugh- 
ter of Elder and Sister Birnie Bowers of near Taneytown, Md., and Mr. 
Ardell Baumgardner of the same place. — Wm. E. Roop, Westminster, 

Davis-Cline. — At the home of A. M. Peterson of Mountain Grove, 
Mo., Jan. 2, 1935, Mr. Perry J. Davis and Sister Nettie Cline, both of 
Ava, Mo.— A. M. Peterson, Mountain Grove, Mo. 

Ewmg-Senger. — Jan. 20, 1935, at the First Church of the Brethren, 
Chicago, 111., by the undersigned, Mr. Clayton J. Ewing and Miss 
Bertha May Senger. — James M. Moore, Chicago, 111. 

Hohnes-AIbright. — By the undersigned, at his residence Jan. 16, 1935, 
Alfred C. Holmes of Osceola Mills, Pa., and Thelma E. Albright of 
Tyrone, Pa. — Jason B. Hollopeter, Rockton, Pa. 

Sauble-Quesenberry.— On Dec. 16, 1934, by the undersigned, Bro. Har- 
rison Sauble of Union Bridge, Md., and Sister Ruby L. Quesenberry of 
Linwood, Md.— John J. John, New Windsor, Md. 

Wagner-Anderson. — By the undersigned at his home, on Jan. 8, 1935, 
Mr. Harold Wagner of Oakley, 111., and Miss Ruth Anderson of Ar- 
geiita, 111.— N. H. Miller, Decatur, 111. 

Wright-Click.— In the Sangcrville Brethren church, Dec. 27, 1934, Bro. 
Perry R. Wright and Sister Viola Blanche Qick.— M. G. Sanger, Bridge- 
water, Va. 


Alger, Sister Annie Strickler, died Jan. 1, 1935, at the home of her 
daughter, Mrs. Emma Willard, in Chicago, 111., aged 82 years. She 
had been in ill health for a year or more. Funeral services at the 
home in Chicago by Bro. J. M. Moore. The body was then brought 
to Luray to the home of her daughter, Mrs. Julia Burner, where serv- 
ices were conducted by Brethren A. Jos. Caricofe and D. W: Strickler, 
assisted by Eld. J. A. Racer. Burial in the Evergreen cemetery, Luray. 
She is survived by eight children, fifteen grandchildren and five great- 
grandchildren. — Elsie Broyles, Luray, Va. 

Ankeney, Elizabeth Elaine, daughter of Brother and Sister Murray R. 
Ankcney of near Elderton, Pa., died Dec. 30, 1934, in a hospital, Indiana, 
Pa., after a long illness caused by appendicitis. She was born May 
13, 1931. She is survived by her parents, one brother and five sisters. 
Funeral services in the Plum Creek church by the pastor, J. H. Wim- 
mcr, assisted by Rev. R. V. E. Wright. Interment in the Elderton 
cemetery.— Mrs. Clyde Kough, Elderton, Pa. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2, 1935 


Arson, Sister Evelyn (Balsinger), born near McClellantown, Fa., 
March 24, 1883, died Jan. 13, 1935. She is survived by her husband, 
Michael Arson, her mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Balsinger, eight children, 
fourteen grandchildren, two brothers and five sisters. Two children 
died in infancy. She became a member of the Church of the Brethren 
Aug. 14, 1934. Services in the Jacobs Lutheran church, by Bro. C. C. 
Sollenberger. Interment in the church cemetery.— Alta Loudermilk, 
Uniontown, Pa. 

Bennet, Mrs. Emma, nee Studebaker. died at the age of 76 years. 
Her death was due to a fall she received six weeks prior. She became 
a Christian in her girlhood days. In younger years she was very 
active in the affairs of the church. Funeral from the home in Tippe- 
canoe City on Dec. 18 by her pastor.— C. V. Coppock, Tippecanoe City, 

Bosserman, Gazella Alice, died in the hospital, Gettysburg, Dec. 15, 
1934, aged 50 years. While coming home from work she was struck 
by a truck. She was a faithful member of the Church of the Breth- 
ren and at the time of her death was the teacher of the junior class of 
the Hampton Sunday-school. She is survived by her husband, twelve 
children, her mother, two sisters and one granddaughter. Services at 
the Heidlerburg Lutheran church by Bro. R. W. Schlosser, assisted 
by Bro. W. G. Group and Rev. Harold Little. Interment in the ceme- 
tery adjoining the church. — Bertha E. Hull, East Berlin, Pa. 

Brumbaug-h, Elizabeth Shank, was born in Clover Creek, Pa., July 15, 
1855, and passed away at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Vera New- 
man, in Sabetha, Kans., Dec. 4, 1934. She was the eighth of a family 
of eleven children born to George and Elizabeth Shank of which only 
one survives. She was married to John N. Brumbaugh March 31, 
1878. Three children were born to this union. She and her husband 
moved to Sabetha, Kans., in 1895. She united with the Church of the 
Brethren more than forty years ago. She leaves a son and daughter, 
two grandchildren, two great-grandchildren and one sister. Her hus- 
band and one son preceded her. Funeral services in the Sabetha 
church, conducted by the writer, assisted by Rev. O. S. Davey, pastor 
of the Baptist church. Burial in the Sabetha cemetery.— Robert L. 
Sink, Sabetha, Kans. 

Buiracker, Ira J., World War veteran, died Nov. 8, 1934, aged 39 
years. He had been a member of the church for a number of years. 
He is survived by his father, also several sisters and brothers. Fu- 
neral services by Bro. A. Jos. Caricofe at Bethlehem Christian church 
with burial in the family cemetery near by. — Elsie Broyles, Luray, Va. 

Dunn, Mrs. Anna May, died at her home near Lewistown, Pa., Dec. 
26, 1934, aged 57 years. Death came suddenly as the result of heart 
disease. She is survived by three sons, three daughters, one brother, 
six sisters, and six grandchildren. Her husband preceded her in death 
about twelve years ago. Services by the writer in the Lewistown 
church, with interment in the Spring Run cemetery. — M. Clyde Horst, 
Lewistown, Pa. 

Ellis, Sister Sudie, died'Dec. 7, 1934, aged 66 years. She was a faith- 
ful member and worker in the church and will be greatly missed. 
Having no children of her own she took a niece into her home to 
rear. Services at Beahms Chapel by her pastor, Bro. A. Jos. Caricofe, 
assisted by Rev. J. Glenn Bolick, Lutheran. Interment in the ceme- 
tery near by. She is survived by her husband, one sister and three 
brothers.— Elsie Broyles, Luray, Va. 

Englar, Eliza T., daughter of Joel and Julia Roop, widow of Alfred 
Englar, died at the home of her son, Herbert G. Englar, near New 
Windsor, Md., on Dec. 17, 1934, in her 83rd year. She is survived by 
one son, one daughter, six grandchildren and one great-granddaughter. 
For over seventy years she was a faithful member of the Church of 
the Brethren, a loyal Sunday-school teacher and a worker in the Aid 
Society. Funeral at Pipe Creek church near Uniontown, Md., by the 
home ministers. Burial in the cemetery near by. — Mrs. H. Paul Hull, 
Linwood, Md. 

Fike, Mrs. John, died at her home in Lewistown, Pa., Jan. 4, 1935, 
aged 49 years, 7 months, and 21 days. Death was caused by cancer. 
She is survived by her husband, three sons, five daughters, two broth- 
ers, and five sisters. Services by the writer in the home, with inter- 
ment in the MifiBintown cemetery. — M. Clyde Horst, Lewistown, Pa. 

Fike, Lydia Keim, was born in Somerset County, Pa., April 19, 1854, 
and passed away Nov. 14, 1934, at the home of her daughter near 
Sabetha, Kans. Sept. 14, 1873, she married Mahlon Fike at Addison, 
Pa. Three children were born to this union. In 1881 she with her 
husband moved to Kansas. She united with the Church of the Breth- 
ren in her youth. She is survived by two children and six grand- 
children. One child preceded her in death. Funeral services in the 
Sabetha church, conducted by the writer. Burial in the Sabetha ceme- 
tery. — Robert L. Sink, Sabetha, Kans. 

Houff, Sylvan W., son of Mr. and Mrs. Casper Houff, born July 18, 
1911, died at his home near Staunton, Va., Dec. 10, 1934. He united with 
the Church of the Brethren at the age of twelve and lived a consistent 
Christian life. He is survived by his parents, four sisters and three 
brothers. Services at the Staunton church by Bro. Frank L. Garber, 
assisted by David Glovier. Interment in the Lebanon cemetery. — Mrs. 
Frank Kiracofe, Staunton, Va. 

Kesner, Sister Betty, died at the age of 81 years, 2 months and 9 
days. She had been a member of the Church of the Brethren for some 
time and lived a noble Christian life. She leaves three children, a num- 
ber of grandchildren and several great-grandchildren. Interment in 
the family cemetery. Services at Brake church Sept. 7 by Bro. P. I. 
Garber.— Grace A. Shreve, Petersburg, W. Va. 

Kinney, Thomas, was born in Boston, Mass., Feb. 2, 1857, and passed 
away at his home in Sabetha, Kans., Jan. 6, 1935. He was left an 
orphan at the age of two years. He was taken into the home of 
Luman Mountague of Lena, 111., who were his foster parents until he 
was twenty-one years of age. He came to Sabetha in 1880. Dec. 21, 
1882, he was married to Margaret Kretizer. To this union were born 
five daughters. Dec. 21, 1932, Mr. and Mrs. Kinney celebrated their 
golden wedding anniversary. He united with the Church of the 
Brethren Oct. 31, 1932. Since that time his great concern had been 
toward the church and its interests which he served so faithfully as 
treasurer. He leaves his companion, four daughters, four grandchil- 
dren. One daughter preceded him. Funeral services at the Sabetha 
church, conducted by the writer, assisted by Roy Kistner. Burial in 
the Sabetha cemetery. — Robert L. Sink, Sabetha, Kans. 

Lemimon, Albert Augustus, born Jan. 27, 1856, died at his home Dec. 
24, 1934. He is survived by his wife, four sons, one daughter, nine 
grandchildren, two brothers and five sisters. He was a member of 
the M. P. Church and lived a devoted Christian life. Funeral services 
in the Morgantown church by Bro. Obed Hamstead. Burial in East 
Oak Grove cemetery. — Mrs. S. F. Guthrie, Morgantown, W. Va. 

Mannen, Thomas Henry, born near North English, Iowa, May 16, 
1868; he died Jan. 3, 1935. He married Barbara Niswander Oct. 1, 
1896. He is survived by his wife, three children and five grandchil- 
dren. When a young man he united with the Church of the Brethren 
and remained true to the end. In 1914 he came with his family to 
Winchester, Idaho, and to the Emmett community in 1926. He was 
one of the staunch members of the Emmett church. Funeral service 
in the church by the pastor, Clement Bontrager, and Bro. A. J. Smith. 
— Irene Johnson, Emmett, Idaho. 

Musser, Cora, aged 60 years, died at the home of her brother-in-law 
and sister, Mr. and Mrs. Homer King of Somerset. She had been ill 
of a complication of diseases for several years. She leaves two sisters 
and a niece. Funeral at the King home by T. Rodney CofFman. Inter- 
ment in the Pleasant Hill cemetery.— Mrs. H. R. Knepper, Somer- 
set, Pa. 

Peck, Carl Emerson, son of Chas. E. and Verna Flickenger Peck, 
was born near Morrill, Kans., April 12, 1912, and departed this life 
Dec. 4, 1934. His car under which he was working crushed down on 
his body causing instant death. On Dec. 21, 1932, he was married to 
Marcena Fay Gentry of Wood Lawn, Kans. He united with the 
Church of the Brethren early in youth. He leaves his wife, father, 
step-mother and one sister. His mother, one sister and one brother 
preceded him. Funeral services at the Sabetha church conducted by 
the writer, assisted by Paul S. Longenecker. Burial in the Morrill 
cemetery.— Robert L. Sink, Sabetha, Kans. 

Sanger, Abraham, born Sept. 29, 1861, died Dec. 18, 1934. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, who was Sallie Zimmerman, two sons, seven daugh- 
ters, fourteen grandchildren, three foster grandchildren, also two 
brothers, one sister, two half brothers and three half sisters. He was 
a member of the Church of the Brethren and a deacon in the church 
for twenty-three years. He was recognized as one of the leading 
business men of Rockingham and Augusta Counties, having been asso- 
ciated with almost every public enterprise in this section for many 
years. Burial was made in the Sangerville cemetery. — Fannie F. Shull, 
Bridgewater, Va. 

Steffy, Peter, son of David and Christena Steflfy, born near Hartville, 
Ohio, on Sept. 25, 1854; died at his home at Hartville on Dec. 26, 1934. 
Aug. 31, 1880, he married Miss Lydia Brumbaugh; to this union were 
born three children; the daughter died Nov. 10, 1928. He leaves his 
wife and two sons, seven grandchildren, three great-grandchildren and 
four brothers. When a young man he united with the East Nimishil- 
len congregation of the Church of the Brethren. At the time of his 
death he was a member of the local congregation of the same denomi- 
nation. He had spent many happy years of Christian service and had 
received much good and satisfaction in his church life doing his Mas- 
ter's work. He received the anointing service on Oct. 20. Funeral 
at the Hartville church by the pastor, Bro. Clyde Mulligan. Burial 
in the Mount Peace cemetery.— Sarah Goodenberger, Hartville, Ohio. 

Taylor, Maria A., daughter of Simon and Margaret Montz, born at 
Loren, 111., March 27, 1862, died at Rice Lake, Wis., Dec. 17, 1934. $he 
was one of a family of twelve children, three of whom died in infancy. 
Dec. 1, 1881, she married Henry Taylor; they spent some years in Illi- 
nois and in South Dakota, coming to Wisconsin about ten years ago. 
Her husband preceded her in February, 1929. She is survived by one 
daughter, three grandchildren, one great-grandchild, two sisters and 
one brother. She had been a faithful member of the Church of the 
Brethren for many years. Funeral services in the Rice Lake church 
by her pastor. Interment in Orchard Beach cemetery. — W. A. Dear- 
dorflf. Rice Lake, Wis. 

Thorn, Dinah (Crites), born Aug. 6, 1843, died Sept. 14, 1934. She was 
blind for several years and often regretted that she could not read her 
Bible; but she was always bright and cheerful. She was a member 
of the Church of the Brethren for more than forty years. She leaves 
seven children, forty-three grandchildren, eighty-one great-grandchil- 
dren and four great-great-grandchildren, one brother, one sister and 
one half brother. Funeral at Brake church by Bro. P. I. Garber. In- 
terment in the family cemetery.— Grace A. Shreve, Petersburg, W. Va. 

Yoiaig, Bro. John, passed away at his home in Vistula, on Jan. 2, 
1935, at the age of 80 years. He is survived by his wife, one daughter, 
two sons, two sisters and three brothers. He had been a faithful mem- 
ber of the Pleasant Valley church, Ind., for many years. Services by 
the writer, assisted by Bro. Noble Bowman. — J. H. Fike, Middlebury, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 2. 1935 



Phoenix.— The lather and sou banquet was held on Nov. 21. Nov. 30 
and Dec. 1 Bro. Taul Rupcl, returned missionary from Africa, showed 
lantern slides and curios. An inspiring love (cast and communion 
service was held Dec 2 with Bro. F. D. Howell officiating. A home 
mission offering was taken in the morning service. The women and 
girls had a missionary banquet Dec. 7. Ways were discussed of cre- 
ating more interest in the girls' schools in India, China and Africa. 
Dec. 9 in the evening Bro. C. D. Fager of Texas spoke. Dec. 16 Dr. 
Macdonald, who has world-wide experience as missionary and traveler, 
spoke interestingly on missions. The Sunday-school gave the Christ- 
mas program the morning of Dec. 2.'. The special oflfering taken ior 
world wide missions amounted to $20.75. White gifts, consisting of 
food, were brought and afterwards distributed to needy families. The 
Christmas pageant. Light Eternal, was given by the young people in 
the evening. An impressive feature of the pageant was the candle- 
lighting service: the spirit of Christ was passed on by the spirit of 
the twentieth century which took light from the manger and gave it 
to Joy, Peace, Goodwill and Service and they in turn to each person 
in the room. On Dec. 25 the young people went caroling and had 
breakfast together afterwards. We are using church bulletins to give 
morning and evening worship programs and announcements. We are 
making plans to take advantage of the special Messenger club rate. — 
Marion Oliver, Phoenix, Ariz., Jan. 12. 


Calvary. — The men of the church, organized under the name of the 
Calvary Men's Association, sponsored the Thanksgiving oflfering for 
home missions. At our regular church business meeting on Dec. 14, 
various officers were reelected and eight new deacons were elected: 
David Brubakcr, Carroll Cline, Sanger Crumpacker, Paul Duke, Ray- 
mond Evans, Floyd Mishler, Chester Peters, and Melvin Price. On 
Feb. 3 they will be installed in office. Bro. Edgar Rothrock of La 
Verne will conduct the installation and will preach the morning ser- 
mon. Special music will be in charge of Bro. Acklcy. For our Christ- 
mas program we had the pleasure of giving a cantata. The Fairy 
Queen, composed by our acting pastor, Bro. A. H. Ackley. The pro- 
gram was climaxed by the laying of gifts for the poor at the foot of 
the Christmas tree. The Sunday-school and church also raised a 
special Christmas offering for world wide missions. — B. H. Van Dyke, 
Los Angeles, CaUf., Jan. 15. 

Hemet church met in council with Eld. S. E. Yoder presiding. Feb. 3 
was set for our communion. The last week in December our young 
people put on a drama entitled The Two Builders. This play was 
appreciated very much and will be given at San Bernardino on Jan. 20. 
Since our last report Bro. S. J. Miller of the Ministerial Board visited 
us and Dean L. Yoder was ordained to the eldership. Our Ladies' Aid 
has decided to have Bible study on the first Wednesday of each month. 
— Mertie B. Dickey, Hemet, Calif., Jan. 15. 

Inglewood. — Bro. Royal Click began a series of meetings Nov. 18 
which closed Dec. 2. He gave good spiritual sermons. We had good 
music, some of which was furnished by outside talent. We held our 
communion Dec. 3. Our pastor officiated, assisted by Bro. Click. We 
had our Oiristmas program Dec. 23 and had vesper services that eve- 
ning. The choir rendered special music which was enjoyed by all. 
Groceries and canned goods were left for the pastor and family. Dec. 24 
our pastor had a nervous breakdown and has not been able to be in 
the pulpit since. The pulpit has been filled by ministers of other 
denominations. Dec. 30 the M. E. pastor brought his congregation 
over and he preached. Sister Susan Stoner left us Jan. 7. There were 
150 or more at the pier to see her sail. The ministers had had their 
meeting at Long Beach that day and came over with their wives. 
Nearly every church was represented. Impressive services were held 
on the upper deck of the boat. There were very few weeks of her 
furlough that Sister Stoner did not give of her service in some church. 
Many other denominations also had her in their churches. — Mrs. 
Susan B. Thomas, Inglewood, Calif., Jan. 15. 

Long Beach. — Jan. 4 the women's missionary society met at the home 
of Mrs. Cora Fike. Miss Carrie Stetler, just returned from a trip 
around the world, gave a travelogue. Jan. 7 the pastors of Southern 
California had a conference in Long Beach, with covered dish luncheon 
at noon. In the afternoon all went to sec Miss Susan Stoner before 
she sailed. Jan. 6 in the evening Bro. Edgar Rothrock addressed the 
young people. Jan. 16 the laymen's brotherhood will hold a business 
meeting. — Maud M. Trimmer, Long Beach, Calif., Jan. 16. 

Lot Angclc* fFirst). — Oct. 21 five were received by baptism and 
Oct. 28 another was baptized. Nov. 5 Bro. Fred A. Flora of Santa Ana 
began a series of meetings which continued for two weeks. The inter- 
est and attendance were good. Bro. Flora's lectures from his chart 
on dispcnsational truth as well as his evangelistic messages were very 
much appreciated. Our church is truly revived. As immediate fruit 
six were received by baptism and one who had been out of fellowship 
with the church was reclaimed. Our love feast, at which Bro. Flora 
officiated, was a fine climax to our meetings. Since the meetings 
closed two more have been received by baptism. Dec. 12 the church 
met in council. We decided to get some new supplies for love feast 
occasions. We also decided to repair the church house and build some 
much needed additional rooms. The Christmas offering and the offer- 

ing on the first Sunday of each month for three months .ire to be used 
.IS a buiUling fund. Dec. 1.' the Women's Work group had the pleas- 
ure of hearing Sister Ruth Brooks of La Verne on the subject. Village 
Life in India. Her message was very instructive and interesting. 
Jan. 3 the mothers and daughters of the Belvedere church met with 
our group and we had the pleasure of hearing a message from Mrs. 
Allison, who has been a missionary in Guatemala for nineteen years. — 
Mrs. Delia Lehmer, Los Angeles, Calif., Jan. 12. 


Lakeland. — Sunday evening. Doc. 30, the young people put on a 
splendid Christmas program. An offering was lifted for district mis- 
sions. A young people's meeting has been organized and is putting on 
interesting programs each Sunday evening preceding the sermon. We 
now have five resident ministers, also several tourist ministers. Eld. 
B. F. Lightncr who with his wife is here for the winter has given us 
several timely messages. Rev. Shaffer of the Progressive Brethren 
who is in our midst has also favored us with helpful messages. Sun- 
day morning, Jan. 6. Bro. Wm. E. Hamilton of Middletown, Ohio, 
delivered a fine spiritual message which was much appreciated. Jan. 13 
our regular quarterly council convened with two members of the 
District Ministerial Board present. Bro. S. G. Fahnestock was unan- 
imously chosen elder for the remainder of the fiscal year. The church 
held an election for two deacons which resulted in Bro. Roy Timmons 
and Bro. Paul Bowman being chosen. Two recent accessions included 
Rev. W. M. Smith and wife, a minister in the Church of God for 
twenty years; he had never heard of the Church of the Brethren 
until he chanced to meet Bro. A. D. Bowman and became much inter- 
ested in our church doctrine. After expounding the New Testament 
teaching as practiced by our church, Bro. Bowman had the pleasure 
of baptizing Brother and Sister Smith. At our recent council meet- 
ing Bro. Smith with his wife was installed into the ministry of our 
church. Bro. Smith is a southerner and intends to preach to the 
southern people in the southern way. He is overjoyed with the new 
light of the gospel as he found it with the Brethren and expects to 
devote his time preaching the Gospel and the doctrine of the Church 
of the Brethren to the southern people. Our love feast